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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Gut Reactions And Clinical Decisions, Joseph Friedli Md Nov 2020

Gut Reactions And Clinical Decisions, Joseph Friedli Md

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

The author reflects on a patient encounter where the diagnosis was made by gut reaction.


Clinical Decision Science: Proof Of Concept, James Peter Meza Md, Phd, Nicholus Yee Md, Bennett Riddering Md, Ali Nasrallah Md, Urtė Zableckas Ms, Mbbs Nov 2020

Clinical Decision Science: Proof Of Concept, James Peter Meza Md, Phd, Nicholus Yee Md, Bennett Riddering Md, Ali Nasrallah Md, Urtė Zableckas Ms, Mbbs

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

Clinical decision science, a newly identified area of scholarship, describes how clinical research is used for a patient, within the context of their unique social conditions. We hypothesize that physicians use sociocultural context as an important input to their decision making. We performed a prospective, randomized, double-blind mixed methods study. Family medicine faculty and residents at a community hospital family medicine residency were included in the study. After academic journal club discussing a primary research paper, physicians were asked if they would prescribe medication for a patient who was similar to the subjects in a research paper. However, social and ...


Misguided Opposition To Multiplicity Adjustment Remains A Problem, Andrew V. Frane Oct 2020

Misguided Opposition To Multiplicity Adjustment Remains A Problem, Andrew V. Frane

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Fallacious arguments against multiplicity adjustment have been cited with increasing frequency to defend unadjusted tests. These arguments and their enduring impact are discussed in this paper.


Robustness Of The Ewma Sampling Plan To Non-Normality, Uttama Mishra, S. Siddiqui, J. R. Singh Oct 2020

Robustness Of The Ewma Sampling Plan To Non-Normality, Uttama Mishra, S. Siddiqui, J. R. Singh

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The effect of non-normality on the OC function of the sampling plan under EWMA is studied by deriving the OC function for a non-normal population represented by the first four terms of an Edgeworth series.


Mindfulness Therapy Is An Effective Adjunctive Treatment For Adolescents Living With Hiv, Samantha Rea Oct 2020

Mindfulness Therapy Is An Effective Adjunctive Treatment For Adolescents Living With Hiv, Samantha Rea

Clinical Research in Practice: The Journal of Team Hippocrates

A clinical decision report appraising Webb L, Perry-Parrish C, Ellen J, Sibinga E. Mindfulness instruction for HIV-infected youth: a randomized controlled trial. AIDS Care. 2018;30(6):688–695. https://doi.org/10.1080/09540121.2017.1394434


An Investigation Of Chi-Square And Entropy Based Methods Of Item-Fit Using Item Level Contamination In Item Response Theory, William R. Dardick, Brandi A. Weiss Oct 2020

An Investigation Of Chi-Square And Entropy Based Methods Of Item-Fit Using Item Level Contamination In Item Response Theory, William R. Dardick, Brandi A. Weiss

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

New variants of entropy as measures of item-fit in item response theory are investigated. Monte Carlo simulation(s) examine aberrant conditions of item-level misfit to evaluate relative (compare EMRj, X2, G2, S-X2, and PV-Q1) and absolute (Type I error and empirical power) performance. EMRj has utility in discovering misfit.


Economic Design Of X̅ Control Chart Under Double Ewma, Manzoor A. Khanday, J. R. Singh Oct 2020

Economic Design Of X̅ Control Chart Under Double Ewma, Manzoor A. Khanday, J. R. Singh

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Designing of parameters plays an important role in economic design of control charts for lowering the cost and time. Manipulating sample size (n) and sampling interval (h), the effect of double exponentially weighted moving average (DEWMA) model was studied for the Economic Design (ED) of control chart. Optimum sizes and level were obtained when the characteristics of an item possesses DEWMA model. When shifts are uncertain the optimal design for DEWMA chart should be more conservative and should be implemented for benefiting the consumers as well as producers.


Techs And The Cities: A New Economic Development Paradigm?, Gary Sands, Pierre Filion, Laura A. Reese Sep 2020

Techs And The Cities: A New Economic Development Paradigm?, Gary Sands, Pierre Filion, Laura A. Reese

Urban Studies and Planning Faculty Research Publications

Large technology firms pose new challenges for local economic development in the 21st century. They are attractive targets for local economic developers because they have the potential of providing permanent, well-paying jobs. This article examines two mega-economic development deals. Amazon’s proposed second headquarters in Queens and Sidewalk Labs’ Quayside proposal for the Toronto waterfront pit large and prosperous Big Tech firms against local governments with healthy economies. Amazon abandoned the New York City site it had chosen, rather than open new negotiations with local officials and citizens. Sidewalk Labs withdrew from the Quayside proposal after two and a half ...


Logistic Regression Under Sparse Data Conditions, David A. Walker, Thomas J. Smith Sep 2020

Logistic Regression Under Sparse Data Conditions, David A. Walker, Thomas J. Smith

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The impact of sparse data conditions was examined among one or more predictor variables in logistic regression and assessed the effectiveness of the Firth (1993) procedure in reducing potential parameter estimation bias. Results indicated sparseness in binary predictors introduces bias that is substantial with small sample sizes, and the Firth procedure can effectively correct this bias.


Estimating A Multilevel Model With Complex Survey Data: Demonstration Using Timss, Julie Lorah Sep 2020

Estimating A Multilevel Model With Complex Survey Data: Demonstration Using Timss, Julie Lorah

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Analysis of complex survey data is demonstrated for the multilevel model. Description of specific aspects of analysis, including plausible values, sampling weights, and replicate weights is provided. Following this, example TIMSS data and models are described and results are presented.


Concomitant Of Order Statistics From New Bivariate Gompertz Distribution, Sumit Kumar, M. J. S. Khan, Surinder Kumar Sep 2020

Concomitant Of Order Statistics From New Bivariate Gompertz Distribution, Sumit Kumar, M. J. S. Khan, Surinder Kumar

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

For the new bivariate Gompertz distribution, the expression for probability density function (pdf) of rth order statistics and pdf of concomitant arising from rth order statistics are derived. The properties of concomitant arising from the corresponding order statistics are used to derive these results. The exact expression for moment generating function (mgf) of concomitant of order rth statistics is derived. Also, the mean of concomitant arising from rth order statistics is computed using the mgf of concomitant of rth order statistics, and the exact expression for joint density of concomitant of two non-adjacent order statistics ...


Simple Unequal Allocation Procedure For Ranked Set Sampling With Skew Distributions, Dinesh Bhoj, Girish Chandra Sep 2020

Simple Unequal Allocation Procedure For Ranked Set Sampling With Skew Distributions, Dinesh Bhoj, Girish Chandra

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A practical unbalanced Ranked Set Sampling (RSS) model is proposed to estimate the population mean of positively skewed distributions. The gains in the relative precisions of the population mean based on the proposed model for chosen distributions are uniformly higher than those based on balanced RSS and the t-model proposed in Kaur et al. (1997). The relative precisions of the simple unequal allocation model are, with one exception, better than (s, t)-model which is better than t-model. The relative precision of the proposed model is very close or equal to the optimal Neyman allocation model.


Almost All Missing Data Are Mnar, Thomas R. Knapp Sep 2020

Almost All Missing Data Are Mnar, Thomas R. Knapp

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Rubin (1976, and elsewhere) claimed that there are three kinds of “missingness”: missing completely at random; missing at random; and missing not at random. He gave examples of each. The article that now follows takes an opposing view by arguing that almost all missing data are missing not at random.


A Primer On Statistical Inferences For Finite Populations, Thomas R. Knapp Sep 2020

A Primer On Statistical Inferences For Finite Populations, Thomas R. Knapp

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

This primer is intended to provide the basic information for sampling without replacement from finite populations.


Jmasm 54: A Comparison Of Four Different Estimation Approaches For Prognostic Survival Oral Cancer Model, Wan Muhamad Amir, Muhammad Azeem, Masitah Hayati Harun, Zalila Ali, Mohamad Shafiq Sep 2020

Jmasm 54: A Comparison Of Four Different Estimation Approaches For Prognostic Survival Oral Cancer Model, Wan Muhamad Amir, Muhammad Azeem, Masitah Hayati Harun, Zalila Ali, Mohamad Shafiq

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Four types of estimation approaches for prognostic survival oral cancer model building are considered via a SAS algorithm: Efron’s Method, Exact Method, Breslow’s Method, and Discrete Method. Each method is illustrated separately and compared according to their coefficient parameter. An approach is considered by adding a bootstrapping technique for each handling ties method and a complete SAS algorithm is supplied for each proposed method, including methods for handling ties.


A New Two-Parametric ‘Useful’ Fuzzy Information Measure And Its Properties, Saima Manzoor Sofi, Safina Peerzada, Mirza Abdul Khalique Baig Aug 2020

A New Two-Parametric ‘Useful’ Fuzzy Information Measure And Its Properties, Saima Manzoor Sofi, Safina Peerzada, Mirza Abdul Khalique Baig

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A ‘useful’ fuzzy measure of order α and type β is developed. Its validity established with a numerical example.


A New Two Parametric Weighted Generalized Entropy For Lifetime Distributions, Bilal Ahmad Bhat, Mirza Abdul Khaliq Baig Aug 2020

A New Two Parametric Weighted Generalized Entropy For Lifetime Distributions, Bilal Ahmad Bhat, Mirza Abdul Khaliq Baig

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The concept of weighted generalized entropy and its dynamic residual (version) is developed. The general expressions of these two uncertainty measures corresponding to some well-known lifetime distributions are derived. It is shown that the proposed dynamic entropy determines the survival function uniquely. Some significant properties and inequalities of this dynamic entropy are also discussed.


Even Order Ranked Set Sampling With Auxiliary Variable, Muhammad Tayyab, Muhammad Noor Ul-Amin, Muhammad Hanif Jul 2020

Even Order Ranked Set Sampling With Auxiliary Variable, Muhammad Tayyab, Muhammad Noor Ul-Amin, Muhammad Hanif

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Even order ranked set sampling (EORSS) is a novel proposed ranked set sampling scheme connected with an auxiliary variable correlated with the study variable. This scheme quantifies only the one sampling unit which is at even position from each ranking set by employing specific criteria. The performance of the ratio estimator under EORSS is compared to its contemporary estimators in simple random sampling (SRS), ranked set sampling (RSS), median ranked set sampling (MRSS) and quartile ranked set sampling (QRSS) exploiting the same number of quantified units. The simulation results proved that EORSS is an efficient alternative sampling scheme for ratio ...


Objectives Driven Participatory Evaluation Model, Dustin R. Saalman Jul 2020

Objectives Driven Participatory Evaluation Model, Dustin R. Saalman

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The ability to complete program evaluations of educational programming is typically restricted by the availability of resources, such as time, money and a trained evaluator. Although not a replacement for trained evaluators, promoting evaluative capacity and evaluative thinking within an organization can help mitigate this gap between talent and resources. Participatory evaluation is purported to increase organizational learning and promote evaluative thinking within an organization (Cousins & Whitmore, 1998). Objectives oriented evaluation is an easily understood evaluation method which provides a refined focus program outcome (Madaus & Stufflebeam, 1989). Using an internal evaluation of a new faculty onboarding course at a private ...


Maximum Likelihood Estimations Based On Upper Record Values For Probability Density Function And Cumulative Distribution Function In Exponential Family And Investigating Some Of Their Properties, Saman Hosseini, Parviz Nasiri, Sharad Damodar Gore Jul 2020

Maximum Likelihood Estimations Based On Upper Record Values For Probability Density Function And Cumulative Distribution Function In Exponential Family And Investigating Some Of Their Properties, Saman Hosseini, Parviz Nasiri, Sharad Damodar Gore

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

A useful subfamily of the exponential family is considered. The ML estimation based on upper record values are calculated for the parameter, Cumulative Density Function, and Probability Density Function of the subfamily. The relationship between MLE based on record values and a random sample are discussed, along with some properties of these estimators, and its utility is shown for large samples.


The Comparison Between Maximum Weighted And Trimmed Likelihood Estimator Of The Simple Circular Regression Model, Ehab A. Mahmood, Habshah Midi, Abdul Ghapor Hussin Jul 2020

The Comparison Between Maximum Weighted And Trimmed Likelihood Estimator Of The Simple Circular Regression Model, Ehab A. Mahmood, Habshah Midi, Abdul Ghapor Hussin

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The Maximum Likelihood Estimator (MLE) was used to estimate unknown parameters of the simple circular regression model. However, it is very sensitive to outliers in data set. A robust method to estimate model parameters is proposed.


Bayesian Estimation Of The Parameters Of Discrete Weibull Type (I) Distribution, Samir Kamel Ashour, Mohamed Salem Abdelwahab Muiftah Jul 2020

Bayesian Estimation Of The Parameters Of Discrete Weibull Type (I) Distribution, Samir Kamel Ashour, Mohamed Salem Abdelwahab Muiftah

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Bayesian estimation of the continuous Weibull distribution parameters was studied by Ahmad and Ahmad (2013) under the assumption of knowing the shape parameter. Bayesian estimates are considered here of the parameters of the discrete Weibull Type I [DW(I)] distribution and are obtained under two different assumptions: when the shape parameter is known, and when both parameters are independent random variables. A Mathcad program is performed to simulate data from the DW(I) distribution considering different values of the parameters and different sample sizes, and to obtain Bayesian parameter estimates. The resulted estimates are compared to the ML and proportion ...


The Logic Model, Participatory Evaluation And Out Of School Art Programs, Kimberly A. Kleinhans Jul 2020

The Logic Model, Participatory Evaluation And Out Of School Art Programs, Kimberly A. Kleinhans

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The logic model and participatory evaluation are two popular methods of conducting program evaluation. Although both methods have their strengths, each has distinct weaknesses which can be ameliorated by combining them both together. The combined method is used to evaluate an out of school art program at a museum. Using both the logic model and participatory evaluation yielded beneficial results with more accurate representation of program outcomes.


A Revised Logic Model For Educational Program Evaluation, Zsa-Zsa Booker Jul 2020

A Revised Logic Model For Educational Program Evaluation, Zsa-Zsa Booker

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

The logic model is an evaluation tool popularly used for obtaining grant funding. Its limitations make it unlike other theory driven evaluation methods. A critical examination of the logic model leads to the construction of an enriched revised logic model.


Jmasm 52: Extremely Efficient Permutation And Bootstrap Hypothesis Tests Using R, Christina Chatzipantsiou, Marios Dimitriadis, Manos Papadakis, Michail Tsagris Jul 2020

Jmasm 52: Extremely Efficient Permutation And Bootstrap Hypothesis Tests Using R, Christina Chatzipantsiou, Marios Dimitriadis, Manos Papadakis, Michail Tsagris

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Re-sampling based statistical tests are known to be computationally heavy, but reliable when small sample sizes are available. Despite their nice theoretical properties not much effort has been put to make them efficient. Computationally efficient method for calculating permutation-based p-values for the Pearson correlation coefficient and two independent samples t-test are proposed. The method is general and can be applied to other similar two sample mean or two mean vectors cases.


Empirical Comparison Of Tests For One-Factor Anova Under Heterogeneity And Non-Normality: A Monte Carlo Study, Diep Nguyen, Eunsook Kim, Yan Wang, Thanh Vinh Pham, Yi-Hsin Chen, Jeffrey D. Kromrey Jul 2020

Empirical Comparison Of Tests For One-Factor Anova Under Heterogeneity And Non-Normality: A Monte Carlo Study, Diep Nguyen, Eunsook Kim, Yan Wang, Thanh Vinh Pham, Yi-Hsin Chen, Jeffrey D. Kromrey

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Although the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) F test is one of the most popular statistical tools to compare group means, it is sensitive to violations of the homogeneity of variance (HOV) assumption. This simulation study examines the performance of thirteen tests in one-factor ANOVA models in terms of their Type I error rate and statistical power under numerous (82,080) conditions. The results show that when HOV was satisfied, the ANOVA F or the Brown-Forsythe test outperformed the other methods in terms of both Type I error control and statistical power even under non-normality. When HOV was violated, the Structured ...


A Generalized Family Of Lifetime Distributions And Survival Models, Mahmoud Aldeni, Felix Famoye, Carl Lee Jul 2020

A Generalized Family Of Lifetime Distributions And Survival Models, Mahmoud Aldeni, Felix Famoye, Carl Lee

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

In lifetime data, the hazard function is a common technique for describing the characteristics of lifetime distribution. Monotone increasing or decreasing, and unimodal are relatively simple hazard function shapes, which can be modeled by many parametric lifetime distributions. However, fewer distributions are capable of modeling diverse and more complicated shapes such as N-shaped, reflected N-shaped, W-shaped, and M-shaped hazard rate functions. A generalized family of lifetime distributions, the uniform-R{generalized lambda} (U-R{GL}) are introduced and the corresponding survival models are derived, and applied to two lifetime data sets. The survival model is applied to a right censored lifetime data ...


Forward And Backward Continuation Ratio Models For Ordinal Response Variables, Xing Liu, Haiyan Bai Jul 2020

Forward And Backward Continuation Ratio Models For Ordinal Response Variables, Xing Liu, Haiyan Bai

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

There are different types of continuation ratio (CR) models for ordinal response variables. The different model equations, corresponding parameterizations, and nonequivalent results are confusing. The purpose of this study is to introduce different types of forward and backward CR models, demonstrate how to implement these models using Stata, and compare the results using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (ELS:2002).


Identifying Which Of J Independent Binomial Distributions Has The Largest Probability Of Success, Rand Wilcox Jul 2020

Identifying Which Of J Independent Binomial Distributions Has The Largest Probability Of Success, Rand Wilcox

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Let p1,…, pJ denote the probability of a success for J independent random variables having a binomial distribution and let p(1) ≤ … ≤ p(J) denote these probabilities written in ascending order. The goal is to make a decision about which group has the largest probability of a success, p(J). Let 1,…, J denote estimates of p1,…,pJ, respectively. The strategy is to test J − 1 hypotheses comparing the group with the largest estimate to each of the J − 1 remaining groups. For each of these J − 1 hypotheses that are rejected, decide that ...


Jmasm 53: Miccerird, Michael Lance Jul 2020

Jmasm 53: Miccerird, Michael Lance

Journal of Modern Applied Statistical Methods

Fortran 77 and 90 modules (REALPOPS.lib) exist for invoking the 8 distributions estimated by Micceri (1989). These respective modules were created by Sawilowsky et al. (1990) and Sawilowsky and Fahoome (2003). The MicceriRD (Micceri’s Real Distributions) Python package was created because Python is increasingly used for data analysis and, in some cases, Monte Carlo simulations.