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Wayne State University

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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Outcomes Of Utilizing Uber Health To Improve Access To Healthcare At An Urban Student Run Free Clinic, Ciara Ivanics Ms, Emily Lau, Julie Fynke Mph, Ralph Williams Md, Juliann Binienda Phd Mar 2020

Outcomes Of Utilizing Uber Health To Improve Access To Healthcare At An Urban Student Run Free Clinic, Ciara Ivanics Ms, Emily Lau, Julie Fynke Mph, Ralph Williams Md, Juliann Binienda Phd

Medical Student Research Symposium

Introduction: The patient population of the Robert R. Frank Student Run Free Clinic (SRFC) often cite transportation as their most significant barrier to receiving care. Utilization of ridesharing services may reduce this barrier and improve patient adherence to clinic appointments.

Methods: All patients at the SRFC from February 2019 through November 2019 were offered participation in this IRB-approved randomized control trial (n=37). The intervention group was offered a roundtrip, free, pre-scheduled Uber Health ride, while the control group was offered free public transportation or utilized their own transportation. Participants received an appointment reminder by phone within two days of ...


The Use Of Urine Drug Testing For Risk Stratification And Efficacious Drug Monitoring In Pain Management Settings, Ahmad I. Hasan, Kareem Elhage, Brendan Farley, Khaled J. Saleh Mar 2020

The Use Of Urine Drug Testing For Risk Stratification And Efficacious Drug Monitoring In Pain Management Settings, Ahmad I. Hasan, Kareem Elhage, Brendan Farley, Khaled J. Saleh

Medical Student Research Symposium

Objective: To understand the current landscape of urine drug testing (UDT) guidelines as part of risk assessment for opioid abuse, and to offer recommendations towards adopting universal screening guidelines.

Background: There has been an opioid epidemic within the United States, and the role of prescription opioids has been well established. Despite proposed recommendations, there has yet to be a published universal screening guideline on the use of UDT in the setting of opioid abuse risk stratification as well as postoperative drug monitoring.

Methods: We explored current guidelines for UDT on two levels. First, we explore general indications for UDT within ...


Bibliography Of Nonviolent Peacebuilding Materials 2019 Ed., Colleen Mills Dec 2019

Bibliography Of Nonviolent Peacebuilding Materials 2019 Ed., Colleen Mills

Citizens for Peace

Introduction to the 2019 Bibliography of Peace and Justice Materials


2019 Adult Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle Dec 2019

2019 Adult Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


2019 Youth Peacebuilding Bibliogaphy, Carole Kersten Dec 2019

2019 Youth Peacebuilding Bibliogaphy, Carole Kersten

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


Citizens For Peace Activities And Accomplishments 2019, Ann Abdoo Nov 2019

Citizens For Peace Activities And Accomplishments 2019, Ann Abdoo

Citizens for Peace

This is a list of meetings, events, and political actions, showing what Citizens for Peace does to create a culture of peace.


Full Issue (29.2, Winter 2019), Journal Of Transportation Management Editors Nov 2019

Full Issue (29.2, Winter 2019), Journal Of Transportation Management Editors

Journal of Transportation Management

No abstract provided.


An Experimental Test Of Green Management Information System Effects On Carrier Selection: Weigh Station And Tollbooth Bypass Technology Adoption, Rodney W. Thomas, Jessica L. Robinson, Jessica L. Darby, Scott Cox, Donnie F. Williams Jr Nov 2019

An Experimental Test Of Green Management Information System Effects On Carrier Selection: Weigh Station And Tollbooth Bypass Technology Adoption, Rodney W. Thomas, Jessica L. Robinson, Jessica L. Darby, Scott Cox, Donnie F. Williams Jr

Journal of Transportation Management

In a highly competitive price-driven industry, carriers are continuously searching for opportunities to differentiate their offerings, minimize operational costs, and appeal to shippers. At the same time, environmental sustainability has evolved from being trendy jargon into a requirement for competitive supply chain management. It is at the intersection of these two modern topics that the current study identifies a new carrier selection attribute based on a specialized type of green management information system. We apply social exchange theory to hypothesize carrier price and green technology adoption effects on shipper purchase intent. The hypothesized direct and interaction effects are tested by ...


Your Community Gets A B-: Analysis Of The Specific And Curious Realm Of Airport Bond Rating, Richard W. Hawkins, Stephen A. Lemay, Peter M. Ralston Nov 2019

Your Community Gets A B-: Analysis Of The Specific And Curious Realm Of Airport Bond Rating, Richard W. Hawkins, Stephen A. Lemay, Peter M. Ralston

Journal of Transportation Management

Commercial airports are publicly-owned transportation infrastructure, usually funded with bonds. The bond rating decision for these entities thus has important ramifications for bond investors, issuers, airport managers, and even the communities the airports serve, but the rating decision process is not well understood. This paper discusses a simulation of the rating process in two decision environments, including a downgrade. The effect of information framing in an environment of incomplete data is examined using amateur evaluators. Amateur evaluators were utilized to understand how people with limited financial analysis skills would respond when presented with incomplete information and a primed scenario. The ...


The Tumultuous World Of Global Maritime Transportation: A Cautionary Tale For Supply Chain Managers, Kent N. Gourdin Nov 2019

The Tumultuous World Of Global Maritime Transportation: A Cautionary Tale For Supply Chain Managers, Kent N. Gourdin

Journal of Transportation Management

The past five years have seen unprecedented changes transform the way goods are moved around the world. The expanded Panama Canal now permits larger vessels as well as simultaneous transits in each direction. Coincidently, steamship lines began purchasing a new generation of bigger ships, forcing ports in the United States to make very large investments in new infrastructure. When examined within the context of other environmental events impacting global trade, the total effect has been to put the maritime industry into a state of flux. This paper will examine these and other important issues before offering conclusions intended to help ...


Social Media And Supply Chain Risk Management: Improving Risk Detection And Supply Chain Resilience, Scott R. Cox, J Kirk Atkinson Nov 2019

Social Media And Supply Chain Risk Management: Improving Risk Detection And Supply Chain Resilience, Scott R. Cox, J Kirk Atkinson

Journal of Transportation Management

The introduction of social media has changed the methods by which many individuals, communities, and organizations communicate and interact. The increasing popularity of social media within a business context has forced executives to rethink how they operate their businesses. Chae (2015) observed that the field of supply chain management (SCM) has been lagging in identifying the potential role and use of social media in both research and practice. Recently, greater attention is being given to social media and its potential uses within the supply chain. This paper investigates the potential use for social media as a technology to help with ...


Citizens For Peace 2018 Activities & Accomplishments, Ann Abdoo Jan 2019

Citizens For Peace 2018 Activities & Accomplishments, Ann Abdoo

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


Framing The Debate: The Role Of Gender, Beneficiaries, And Cost In Paid Parental Leave Policy Support, Kimberly Anne Saks Mcmanaway Jan 2019

Framing The Debate: The Role Of Gender, Beneficiaries, And Cost In Paid Parental Leave Policy Support, Kimberly Anne Saks Mcmanaway

Wayne State University Dissertations

In 1963, President John F. Kennedy’s Commission on the Status of Women found that the lack of income security during pregnancy and childbearing “one of the major remaining gaps in the protection of workers against losses of income,” (American Women 1963, p. 27). Despite popular support for such a policy, the United States remains one of only three countries that does not have a such a policy (OECD, 2017). Commentators have argued that the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 was successful due to the diverse coalition behind it which included feminist groups and conservative religious organizations alike ...


Early Career Job Choice In Logistics: Comparing Shifts In Attribute Importance Between Internship And Full-Time Roles, Michael Scott Garver, Sean P. Goffnett, Richard Divine, Zachary Williams, Connor F. Davis Jul 2018

Early Career Job Choice In Logistics: Comparing Shifts In Attribute Importance Between Internship And Full-Time Roles, Michael Scott Garver, Sean P. Goffnett, Richard Divine, Zachary Williams, Connor F. Davis

Journal of Transportation Management

Maximum difference scaling was used to analyze the importance logistics students attach to 17 job attributes for internships as well as for full-time, entry-level positions. Significant differences in importance were found on nine of the 17 attributes tested. Room for advancement was the most important criterion for full-time positions while atmosphere/work environment was most important for internships. Implications for practitioners, academics and students are discussed. It is believed the results of the current study will provide useful insight to logistics employers to assist them in developing more attractive, entry-level job and internship opportunities and help them communicate more effective ...


The New E-Commerce/Home Delivery Retail Distribution Paradigm, Henry E. Seaton Esq. Jul 2018

The New E-Commerce/Home Delivery Retail Distribution Paradigm, Henry E. Seaton Esq.

Journal of Transportation Management

The purpose of this article is to set forth a basic outline of the new e-commerce home delivery retail distribution paradigm. Special attention will be placed on how it is being implemented and the as yet unresolved contracting, regulatory and risk transfer issues involving selection, retention, and use of motor carriers, particularly for the rapidly developing final delivery of consumer goods.


Precluding Discovery Of Preventability Determinations In Trucking Accidents, Patrick E. Foppe Jul 2018

Precluding Discovery Of Preventability Determinations In Trucking Accidents, Patrick E. Foppe

Journal of Transportation Management

The discoverability and admissibility of post-accident “preventability” determinations by trucking companies is often much disputed in truck accident cases. It is well known that Plaintiff’s attorneys will try to construe a trucking company’s classification of an accident as “preventable” as an admission of fault during the course of a lawsuit. However, statements made by the FMCSA provide significant support to a trucking company’s efforts to preclude discovery or admission of preventability determinations in a lawsuit. This articles explores these issues.


About Item Response Theory Models And How They Work, Nell Sedransk Jul 2018

About Item Response Theory Models And How They Work, Nell Sedransk

Journal of Transportation Management

This article is about FMCSA data and its analysis. The article responds to the two-part question: How does an Item Response Theory (IRT) model work differently . . . or better than any other model? The response to the first part is a careful, completely non-technical exposition of the fundamentals for IRT models. It differentiates IRT models from other models by providing the rationale underlying IRT modeling and by using graphs to illustrate two key properties for data items. The response to the second part of the question about superiority of an IRT model is, “it depends.” For FMCSA data, serious challenges arise ...


Safety Fitness Determinations: What Is Fmcsa Measuring?, Mark J. Andrews, Henry E. Seaton Jul 2018

Safety Fitness Determinations: What Is Fmcsa Measuring?, Mark J. Andrews, Henry E. Seaton

Journal of Transportation Management

Big Data and regulatory "Improv" are drowning due process


Rail - The Left-Out Service Alternative, Charles W. Clowdis Jul 2018

Rail - The Left-Out Service Alternative, Charles W. Clowdis

Journal of Transportation Management

The trucking industry faces a number of issues as it tries to meet growing demand for services. Trucking services are stifled by three factors: (1) strict enforcement of hours of service requirements which preclude carriers from meeting scheduled appointments; (2) over-the-road driver shortages; and (3) the absence of tort reform or federal preemption to trump nuclear judgments which reach upstream to shippers and brokers. However, rail may be an alternative for a growing number of commodities. This article examines the viability of rail services for the wine industry.


In-Transit Cargo Crime Impacting The Retail Supply Chain, John Tabor Jul 2018

In-Transit Cargo Crime Impacting The Retail Supply Chain, John Tabor

Journal of Transportation Management

Surveys of retail security directors show that almost half of those polled had been the victims of a supplychain disruption directly related to cargo theft. This is a significant increase from just five years ago. In order to fully understand the issue of cargo theft, retailers need to know why it exists, who is perpetrating it, how risk can be reduced, and ultimately how to react to a loss. This article explores a number of dimensions of the issue, and offers several suggestions for mitigating the risk and dealing with theft after it occurs.


Container Shipping In The Great Lakes: Current Situation And Future Potential, John Floyd, James L. Roach, John C. Taylor Jan 2018

Container Shipping In The Great Lakes: Current Situation And Future Potential, John Floyd, James L. Roach, John C. Taylor

Journal of Transportation Management

Containerization has had an outsized impact on the growth of global trade over the past 60 years. The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway is an important bi-national waterway. Since the advent of containerization in the 1950’s there has been much excitement about the prospects of scheduled container shipping in the Great Lakes. There is a perception that direct container service will add value to the economy of the Great Lakes- St. Lawrence Basin (GLSLB). However, due to unique shipping constraints in the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Seaway, significant container service has not materialized. This research seeks to explain the current state ...


Nothing Good Happens After Dark: The Influence Of Temporal Factors On Motor Carrier Crash Severity, Misty Moody, S Scott Nadler, Doug Voss Jan 2018

Nothing Good Happens After Dark: The Influence Of Temporal Factors On Motor Carrier Crash Severity, Misty Moody, S Scott Nadler, Doug Voss

Journal of Transportation Management

Motor carrier safety is a topic of great importance for both industry and makers of public policy. Regulatory agencies, such as the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), regularly publish data detailing the circumstances surrounding roadway accidents. FMCSA’s Large Truck and Bus Crash Facts (LTBCF) data demonstrate an increase in accidents during daylight hours and on weekdays. Roadway risks are ever-present but differ by time of day and day of the week. These differences may potentially engender crashes of different severities at different times. This study analyzes FMCSA LTBCF data to determine when crashes of different severities are more ...


Feasibility Of Warehouse Drone Adoption And Implementation, Edward Companik, Michael J. Gravier, M Theodore Farris Ii Jan 2018

Feasibility Of Warehouse Drone Adoption And Implementation, Edward Companik, Michael J. Gravier, M Theodore Farris Ii

Journal of Transportation Management

While aerial delivery drones capture headlines, the pace of adoption of drones in warehouses has shown the greatest acceleration. Warehousing constitutes 30% of the cost of logistics in the US. The rise of ecommerce, greater customer service demands of retail stores, and a shortage of skilled labor have intensified competition for efficient warehouse operations. This takes place during an era of shortening technology life cycles. This paper integrates several theoretical perspectives on technology diffusion and adoption to propose a framework to inform supply chain decision-makers on when to invest in new robotics technology.


Safety Fitness Determinations: What Is Fmcsa Measuring?, Mark J. Andrews Jan 2018

Safety Fitness Determinations: What Is Fmcsa Measuring?, Mark J. Andrews

Journal of Transportation Management

No abstract provided.


Predicting The Probability Of Negotiation In Civil Conflicts: An Empirical Investigation Of Intrastate Conflicts Between 1989 And 2008, Ilker Kalin Jan 2018

Predicting The Probability Of Negotiation In Civil Conflicts: An Empirical Investigation Of Intrastate Conflicts Between 1989 And 2008, Ilker Kalin

Wayne State University Dissertations

Since the end of Cold War, more civil conflicts have been settled by negotiated settlements, as compared to previous eras. While the extant literature has offered various explanations of this trend by examining the costs and types of war, scholars’ primary focus has been on researching the determinants of conflict resolution. Yet, what brings the parties of civil conflicts to the negotiation table in the first place has remained largely unexplored. In particular, previous scholarship has failed to grasp negotiation as a process and costly choice in itself. This dissertation lays out the conditions paving the way for negotiations in ...


Place Over Politics: Power, Strategy, Terrain, And Regime Type In Interstate War Outcomes, 1816-2003, Connor Joseph Sprayberry Sutton Jan 2018

Place Over Politics: Power, Strategy, Terrain, And Regime Type In Interstate War Outcomes, 1816-2003, Connor Joseph Sprayberry Sutton

Wayne State University Dissertations

While the study of war occurrence is among the primary considerations of the field of international relations, only recently has attention turned towards the study of war outcomes. This attention is best represented by the democratic victory proposition, which suggests that democracies win the majority of their wars by virtue of being democratic. However, elements of this study are currently incipient. In turn, this dissertation generates a novel set of variables to measure the impact of terrain on war outcomes, including measures of spatial extent, topographic heterogeneity, and land cover heterogeneity. These metrics are generated for all 94 interstate wars ...


Citizens For Peace Activities & Accomplishments 2017, Ann Abdoo Dec 2017

Citizens For Peace Activities & Accomplishments 2017, Ann Abdoo

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


Citizens For Peace Activities & Accomplishments 2016, Ann Abdoo, Ann Abdoo, Ann R. Abdoo Jan 2017

Citizens For Peace Activities & Accomplishments 2016, Ann Abdoo, Ann Abdoo, Ann R. Abdoo

Citizens for Peace

No abstract provided.


2006-2017 Nonviolent And Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle Jan 2017

2006-2017 Nonviolent And Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle

Citizens for Peace

The Bibliographies make accessible for youth and adults materials that document efforts of nonviolent social change and nonviolent conflict resolution between peoples and nations.


2006-2017 Nonviolent And Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle Jan 2017

2006-2017 Nonviolent And Peacebuilding Bibliography, Rosemary Doyle

Citizens for Peace

These Bibliographies contain information on peace movements, leaders of nonviolence, Restorative Justice, and Nobel Peace Prize winners. They also contain information on nonviolent solutions to conflicts as well as information on inspirational leaders dedicated to improving the lives of people through economic and social change.