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[Review Of] St. Clair Drake. Black Folk Here And There , Vol. I, Bamidele J. Bracy, Jean E. Daniels Jan 1992

[Review Of] St. Clair Drake. Black Folk Here And There , Vol. I, Bamidele J. Bracy, Jean E. Daniels

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

St. Clair Drake, the recently deceased anthropologist, has written an elaborate "summary essay" on the black experience as it relates to the continent of Africa. In his latter years at Stanford University, Drake was head of the University's Black Studies program. It appears obvious that Drake's consciousness was raised during this particular time span. The research and writing of this book is far different from his seminal work with Clayton (Black Metropolis, 1945). In his "emeritus" years, Drake decided to seek the high ground of an historical anthropological-philosopher and address certain issues that W.E.B. DuBois considered ...


[Review Of] Charles A. Eastman. Indian Boyhood, Steven R. Price Jan 1992

[Review Of] Charles A. Eastman. Indian Boyhood, Steven R. Price

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

Following his mother's death shortly after his birth, Charles A. Eastman acquired the name Hakadah -- the pitiful last. Not until age four, when his band of the Santee Sioux defeated their friendly rivals in lacrosse, would he he honored with his second name, Ohiyesa -- winner. This name bears importance, for Eastman retains it as the signature to his autobiography, Indian Boyhood. First published in 1902, the work represents one of the earliest examples of Native American biography as it details the life of Eastman from his native birth to his entrance into the white world at the age of ...


[Review Of] Charles A. Eastman. Old Indian Days, Hartwig Isernhagen Jan 1992

[Review Of] Charles A. Eastman. Old Indian Days, Hartwig Isernhagen

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

This book -- a major literary work by one of the more widely read early Native American authors, and an ethnographic "source" of some interest -- is now again available thanks to the University of Nebraska Press's efforts to reprint Native American classics. It comes with a very useful introduction by A. LaVonne Brown Ruoff, which establishes both historical and aesthetic contexts for Ohiyesa's stories. Ruoff provides information on the family backgrounds, the education, and the lives of both Mr. and Mrs. Eastman, gives an independent (and corrective) sketch of the 1862 Sioux uprising that forms the historical background of ...


[Review Of] Margot Edmonds And Ella E. Clark. Voices Of The Winds: Native American Legends, Cortland P. Auser Jan 1992

[Review Of] Margot Edmonds And Ella E. Clark. Voices Of The Winds: Native American Legends, Cortland P. Auser

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

This anthology of Native American legends is a fine supplement to the Erdoes and Ortiz work, American Indian Myths and Legends. Whereas that work was structured around themes such as "Tales of Human Creation," "Tales of World Creation," etc., this work (while including very often the same themes) is organized regionally with tales from the Northwest, Southwest, Great Plains, Central Region, Southeast and Northeast.


[Review Of] Gertrude Ezorsky. Racism And Justice: The Case For Affirmative Action, Brij B. Khare Jan 1992

[Review Of] Gertrude Ezorsky. Racism And Justice: The Case For Affirmative Action, Brij B. Khare

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

In this attention-grabbing book, the author addresses issues on affirmative action as an answer to American racism. No doubt, there is a strong penalty for black Americans inside the American social milieu, and a remedy was sought for this through the affirmative action program. The 1960s marked the onset of affirmative action programs which had dwindled by the 1980s, due to an adverse political climate. This book focuses on black Americans as beneficiaries of affirmative action programs because they are the descendants of slaves brought to this country forcibly and subjected to incessant racism. The government not only encouraged the ...


Explorations In Sights And Sounds Jan 1992

Explorations In Sights And Sounds

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

No abstract provided.


Table Of Contents Jan 1992

Table Of Contents

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

Table of contents for Explorations in Sights and Sounds, Number 12, Summer, 1992


[Review Of] Richard D. Alba. Ethnic Identity: The Transformation Of White America, Phillips G. Davies Jan 1992

[Review Of] Richard D. Alba. Ethnic Identity: The Transformation Of White America, Phillips G. Davies

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

Believing that a relatively small amount of research has been done with the ethnic identity of white Americans, Alba surveyed 524 whites in the Albany, New York, area. The majority were English, French, German, and Scottish whose forebears had been in this country for several generations. There were also numerous Irish, and among later immigrants, fairly large numbers of Italian and Polish descent.


[Review Of] Paula Gunn Allen. Grandmothers Of The Light: A Medicine Woman's Source Book, Cortland P. Auser Jan 1992

[Review Of] Paula Gunn Allen. Grandmothers Of The Light: A Medicine Woman's Source Book, Cortland P. Auser

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

As Allen points out in her preface, the stories in this collection were gleaned "from the vast oral tradition of North American tribes." Allen adds that they (the stories) have served as her spiritual guides. She feels that in these tales the "great Goddess" has many guises, such as Xmucane, Sky Woman, Thinking Woman, Scomalt, et al.


[Review Of] Gretchen M. Bataille And Albert L. Mchenry. Eds. Living The Dream In Arizona: The Legacy Of Martin Luther King. Jr, Otis L. Scott Jan 1992

[Review Of] Gretchen M. Bataille And Albert L. Mchenry. Eds. Living The Dream In Arizona: The Legacy Of Martin Luther King. Jr, Otis L. Scott

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

Living the Dream in Arizona. edited by Gretchen M. Bataille and Albert L. McHenry, is at first glance a tidy, unpretentious little book. Subtitled "The Legacy of Martin Luther King, Jr.," this work is, in effect, a series of testimonies by a multicultural chorus of Arizonans. Each voice speaks plainly about the meaning of the struggle for dignity, opportunity, and equality. As unpretentious as this work is, it is also informative; the words of the contributors are -- in the spirit of Dr. King's life -- challenging and provocative. There is more than meets the eye in the one hundred and ...


[Review Of] Gretchen M. Bataille And Kathleen M. Sands. American Indian Women: A Guide To Research, Cynthia R. Kasee Jan 1992

[Review Of] Gretchen M. Bataille And Kathleen M. Sands. American Indian Women: A Guide To Research, Cynthia R. Kasee

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

This much needed resource is an annotated bibliography of nearly sixteen hundred works in print and on film or video. As the authors note in the "Introduction," the common fallacy is that there is little available research -- either of historic or contemporary focus -- on the topic of Native American women. This is clearly not true, as evidenced by the wealth of materials detailed in this guide.


[Review Of] Kathleen M. Blee. Women Of The Klan: Racism And Gender In The 1920s, Noel J. Kent Jan 1992

[Review Of] Kathleen M. Blee. Women Of The Klan: Racism And Gender In The 1920s, Noel J. Kent

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

We need to know more about why people become racists and what their motivations are for joining racial supremacist groups. Scholarly works dealing with the Ku Klux Klan's meteroic [meteoric] 1920s rise usually emphasize how rapid post-World War urbanization, agricultural depression, and fears of immigrants and cultural changes unsettled traditional-minded citizens in small-town and rural American landscapes and made the Klan attractive. By choosing to concentrate specifically upon women in the Klan, and "the complex ways in which race, religion and gender interact," Kathleen Blee, a sociology professor at the University of Kentucky, has opened up new dimensions here.


[Review Of] Edith Blicksilver. The Ethnic American Woman: Problems. Protests. Lifestyle, Ann Rayson Jan 1992

[Review Of] Edith Blicksilver. The Ethnic American Woman: Problems. Protests. Lifestyle, Ann Rayson

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

The original edition of The Ethnic American Woman was published in 1978 with 381 pages. For the 1989 edition, the author has added two new sections with a total of ninety-three new pages. "Unit Thirteen: Daring To Be Different" contains sixty-three pages of fiction, poetry, and memoirs from contemporary women writers of German, Russian, Jewish, Anglo, African American, Mennonite, Italian, Chicana, Rumanian, Polish and Irish backgrounds. "Unit Fourteen: Scholarly Essays" is a particularly welcome addition of thirty pages containing essays by Evelyn Avery on blacks and Jews in the fiction of ethnic women, Caroline Dillman on the Southern woman as ...


[Review Of] E. Ellis Cashmore. Ed. Dictionary Of Race And Ethnic Relations. 2nd Ed., Alberto Pulido Jan 1992

[Review Of] E. Ellis Cashmore. Ed. Dictionary Of Race And Ethnic Relations. 2nd Ed., Alberto Pulido

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

A recurrent theme in the sociological study of racial and ethnic relations is the discipline's inability to provide a clear and focused research agenda. Scholars in the field are troubled by their inability to agree as to the nature and scope of the discipline, and hence, the lack of an all-encompassing definition for the study of racial and ethnic relations. For example, a continual semantic debate exists over the appropriate usage and application of such concepts as "race" versus "racial" in sociological discourse. The Dictionary of Race and Ethnic Relations has been developed with this concern in mind.


[Review Of] Ko-Lin Chin. Chinese Subculture And Criminality: Non-Traditional Crime Groups In America, Evelyn Hu-Dehart Jan 1992

[Review Of] Ko-Lin Chin. Chinese Subculture And Criminality: Non-Traditional Crime Groups In America, Evelyn Hu-Dehart

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

This is probably the first monographic study to examine in-depth the present criminal subculture of New York Chinatown, focusing on the youth gangs that have plagued the community during the past thirty years. As such, it makes a valuable contribution to the fledgling field of Asian American studies, whose scholars have yet to tackle this complex and sensitive topic, as well as to the disciplines of sociology and criminology. It will also help puncture the recently created stereotype of a monolithic, "model minority" Asian population singlemindedly pursuing success in schooling and business.


[Review Of] Sandra Cisneros. Woman Hollering Creek And Other Stories, Cortland P. Auser Jan 1992

[Review Of] Sandra Cisneros. Woman Hollering Creek And Other Stories, Cortland P. Auser

Explorations in Sights and Sounds

This collection reveals Cisneros as a refreshing writer of a variety of fictional forms. Her work at times may remind readers of Chicana short fiction by Estella Portillo. Cisneros has the distinct ability of writing vividly and imaginatively in her pictorialization of Mexican American life. She creates sketches, short stories, vignettes, and descriptive "essays."


Table Of Contents Jan 1992

Table Of Contents

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

Table of contents for Explorations in Ethnic Studies, Number 15, Issue 1, 1992


Explorations In Ethnic Studies Jan 1992

Explorations In Ethnic Studies

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

No abstract provided.


An Art-Historical Paradigm For Investigating Native American Pictographs Of The Lower Pecos Region, Texas, John Antoine Labadie Jan 1992

An Art-Historical Paradigm For Investigating Native American Pictographs Of The Lower Pecos Region, Texas, John Antoine Labadie

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

In the shadows of deep canyons in Southwest Texas and Northern Mexico, where the Pecos, Devils, and Rio Grande flow, are thousands of paintings on the walls of hundreds of rockshelters and overhangs. Archaeologists term such works "pictographic rock art." These particular pictographs were created over many centuries by Native American groups known collectively today as the Lower Pecos Region cultures.


Introduction: New Vistas In Art, Culture, And Ethnicity, Bernard Young Jan 1992

Introduction: New Vistas In Art, Culture, And Ethnicity, Bernard Young

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

Last semester at Arizona State University in the School of Art, I offered a course in multicultural issues in art. It is important to note that the state of Arizona is under national scrutiny because of the negative publicity it has received in the past few years on the Martin Luther King, Jr., holiday and other concerns about racial and cultural issues. I am not going to claim that Arizona does not have a lion's share of problems in this area; what I will claim is that most of my students are middle class, white, receptive, and sensitive to ...


Table Of Contents Jan 1992

Table Of Contents

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

Table of contents for Explorations in Ethnic Studies, Number 15, Issue 2, 1992


Critique [Of Gong Lum V. Rice: The Convergence Of Law, Race And Ethnicity By Malik Simba], Otis L. Scott Jan 1992

Critique [Of Gong Lum V. Rice: The Convergence Of Law, Race And Ethnicity By Malik Simba], Otis L. Scott

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

For all intent and purposes the United States of America in 1927 was an apartheid state. The Plessy v. Ferguson decision in 1896 determined that the best social policy for this nation to pursue was one which required racial separation. The Plessy decision essentially capped a series of Supreme Court decisions which underscored the destruction of Reconstruction and the return of "states rights" to southern governments. Decisions like the Slaughter House Cases (1872) and the Civil Rights Cases (1883) gave clear evidence of the federal government's hasty retreat from serving as an advocate for the civil rights of African ...


Critique [Of Gong Lum V. Rice: The Convergence Of Law, Race And Ethnicity By Malik Simba], Russell Endo Jan 1992

Critique [Of Gong Lum V. Rice: The Convergence Of Law, Race And Ethnicity By Malik Simba], Russell Endo

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

Law in the United States may of course be viewed through a number of different perspectives. Over the past several decades, racial minorities have used litigation and legislation to reform institutional policies and practices, and this has given impetus to perspectives of law as a significant tool of constructive social change. While such frameworks have validity, Malik Simba's paper is a relevant reminder of the ideological and coercive dimensions of law and of its long history as a means of oppressing racial minorities.


Gong Lum V. Rice: The Convergence Of Law, Race And Ethnicity, Malik Simba Jan 1992

Gong Lum V. Rice: The Convergence Of Law, Race And Ethnicity, Malik Simba

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

In the constitutional case of Gong Lum v. Rice (1927), the United States Supreme Court, composed entirely of Bok Guey (whites), adjudged Hon Yen (Chinese) to be in the same social classification as Lo Mok (blacks).[1] The case, which pertained to "racially" segregated schools, reveals the problematic of law, race, and ethnicity.


Critique [Of Strategies To Increase The Number Of Minority Teachers In The Public Schools By Glenn M. Kraig], Jesse M. Vazquez Jan 1992

Critique [Of Strategies To Increase The Number Of Minority Teachers In The Public Schools By Glenn M. Kraig], Jesse M. Vazquez

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

In the course of his article, Kraig reviews a number of important ways to assure the recruitment and increase of minority teachers in the public school system. He also discusses specific programs which could stand as exemplary efforts directed at the daunting task of increasing the number of minorities in the educational pipeline, and ultimately, in the public school setting. Before examining these model programs and strategies, Kraig reviews the current and future demographic trends which suggest that the "relative population of the teaching force is not even close to being representative of the composition of the student body in ...


Strategies To Increase The Number Of Minority Teachers In The Public Schools, Glenn M. Kraig Jan 1992

Strategies To Increase The Number Of Minority Teachers In The Public Schools, Glenn M. Kraig

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

There can be very little argument that in recent years the teaching profession has become whiter and whiter as fewer minorities and people of color have entered and remained in the teaching profession, and as such, the percentage of white Americans in the field has continued to increase. Out of the approximately 2.3 million K-12 teachers in 1987, only 10.3 percent were minority group members. Current estimates report that by the mid 1990s this number will be further reduced to about five percent.[1] If this trend is not reversed, the teaching profession will be close to being ...


Explorations In Ethnic Studies Jan 1992

Explorations In Ethnic Studies

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

No abstract provided.


Abstracts From The Twentieth Annual Conference, "Ethnicity And Racism In The Americas" Jan 1992

Abstracts From The Twentieth Annual Conference, "Ethnicity And Racism In The Americas"

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

Early in March participants gathered in Boca Raton, Florida, for the Twentieth Annual Conference of the National Association for Ethnic Studies. The conference theme, "Ethnicity and Racism in the Americas," provided the opportunity to examine perspectives related to the Quincentennial and the encounter among various populations in what is now collectively identified as the "Americas." Presenters discussed the impact of five hundred years of colonialism as well as the experiences of "new" immigrants, many of them from continents other than Europe.


Contributors Jan 1992

Contributors

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

Notes on contributors to Explorations in Ethnic Studies, Volume 15, Issue 2, 1992


Narrative Quilts And Quilted Narratives: The Art Of Faith Ringgold And Alice Walker, Margaret M. Dunn, Ann R. Morris Jan 1992

Narrative Quilts And Quilted Narratives: The Art Of Faith Ringgold And Alice Walker, Margaret M. Dunn, Ann R. Morris

Explorations in Ethnic Studies

There have been two main streams of influence on Chicano artists aside from the obvious one that is the result of their artistic training, education and development in the United States. The primary influence came from Mexico, first during the colonial period in the form of New Spanish art and architecture, and then in modem times provided by the Mexican muralists through their work and their use of pre-Columbian art. The New Spanish materials formed the nucleus for the second stream of influence composed of the various manifestations of religious folk art found primarily in the Southwest.