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Articles 61 - 90 of 13253

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Protocol For A Discrete Choice Experiment: Understanding Patient Medicine Preferences For Managing Chronic Non-Cancer Pain, Marian D. Shanahan, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Maria Schaffer, Gabrielle Campbell Jan 2019

A Protocol For A Discrete Choice Experiment: Understanding Patient Medicine Preferences For Managing Chronic Non-Cancer Pain, Marian D. Shanahan, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Maria Schaffer, Gabrielle Campbell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: High rates of chronic non-cancer pain (CNCP), concerns about adverse effects including dependence among those prescribed potent pain medicines, the recent evidence supporting active rather than passive management strategies and a lack of funding for holistic programme have resulted in challenges around decision making for treatment among clinicians and their patients. Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) are one way of assessing and valuing treatment preferences. Here, we outline a protocol for a study that assesses patient preferences for CNCP treatment.

Methods and analysis: A final list of attributes (and their levels) for the DCE was generated using a detailed iterative ...


Quality Interactions In Early Childhood Education And Care Center Outdoor Environments, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2019

Quality Interactions In Early Childhood Education And Care Center Outdoor Environments, Karen L. Tonge, Rachel A. Jones, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Quality interactions are crucial for children's learning and development. Early Childhood Education and Care (ECEC) centers have the opportunity to support children's learning and development, yet the quality of interactions and influences on the quality of interactions in outdoor environments is not known. Research findings: this study assessed the quality of educator interactions in outdoor environments using the CLASS Pre-K assessment tool. 11 ECEC centres participated in the study, which included 110 educators and 490 children. 87 observations were collected to measure the CLASS Pre-K domains (1-lowest to 7-highest). Mean domain scores were 6.02 (emotional support), 5 ...


Is Childhood Overweight/Obesity Perceived As A Health Problem By Mothers Of Preschool Aged Children In Bangladesh? A Community Level Cross-Sectional Study, Mohammad Hossain, Mahbubul Siddiqee, Shameema Ferdous, Marzia Faruki, Rifat Jahan, Shah Shahik, Enayetur Raheem, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2019

Is Childhood Overweight/Obesity Perceived As A Health Problem By Mothers Of Preschool Aged Children In Bangladesh? A Community Level Cross-Sectional Study, Mohammad Hossain, Mahbubul Siddiqee, Shameema Ferdous, Marzia Faruki, Rifat Jahan, Shah Shahik, Enayetur Raheem, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Childhood obesity is rapidly rising in many developing countries such as Bangladesh; however, the factors responsible for this increase are not well understood. Being the primary caregivers of children, particularly in developing countries, maternal perceptions and knowledge could be important factors influencing the weight status of children. This study aimed to assess maternal perceptions of childhood obesity and associated socio-demographic factors in Bangladesh. A cross-sectional study using stratified random sampling was conducted among 585 mothers whose children aged 4 to 7 years attended preschools in a district town. Body Mass Index of the children was calculated and weight status categorized ...


People Living In Rural Areas May Be At Lower Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2019

People Living In Rural Areas May Be At Lower Risk Of Alzheimer's Disease, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

People who live in regional or remote areas may be at lower risk of developing Alzheimer's disease, according to our recent research. Using data from more 260,000 adults in New South Wales who were aged 45 and over, we found those living in regional or remote areas of the state had a 6% to 19% lower risk of being diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease over 11 years, compared with their city counterparts.


Parental Involvement In Decision-Making About Their Child's Health Care At The Hospital, Antje Aarthun, Knut Oymar, Kristin Akerjordet Jan 2019

Parental Involvement In Decision-Making About Their Child's Health Care At The Hospital, Antje Aarthun, Knut Oymar, Kristin Akerjordet

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Aim: To explore parents' experiences on parental involvement in decision-making about their child's health care at the hospital and to identify how health professionals can improve parental involvement. Design: An explorative descriptive qualitative study within a constructivist research paradigm. Methods: Individual semistructured interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of 12 parents. Qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: This study gives unique insight into how parental involvement in children's healthcare decisions influence parents' ability to cope with the parental role at the hospital. The results showed that parents' competence and perceived influence and control over their child's ...


#Metoo Has Changed The Media Landscape, But In Australia There Is Still Much To Be Done, Bianca Fileborn, Rachel E. Loney-Howes, Sophie Hindes Jan 2019

#Metoo Has Changed The Media Landscape, But In Australia There Is Still Much To Be Done, Bianca Fileborn, Rachel E. Loney-Howes, Sophie Hindes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Emerging in October 2017 in response to allegations of sexual assault perpetrated by Hollywood movie mogul Harvey Weinstein, #MeToo highlighted the potential for traditional and social media to work together to generate global interest in gender-based violence. Within 24 hours, survivors around the world had used the hashtag 12 million times.


Antenatal Depression Symptoms In Pacific Women: Evidence From Growing Up In New Zealand, Frances Mcdaid, Lisa Underwood, Jacinta Fa'alili-Fidow, Karen E. Waldie, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Amy L. Bird, Stephanie D'Souza, Susan Morton Jan 2019

Antenatal Depression Symptoms In Pacific Women: Evidence From Growing Up In New Zealand, Frances Mcdaid, Lisa Underwood, Jacinta Fa'alili-Fidow, Karen E. Waldie, Elizabeth R. Peterson, Amy L. Bird, Stephanie D'Souza, Susan Morton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

INTRODUCTION: Pacific women in New Zealand (NZ) have higher rates of antenatal depression than women from other ethnic groups. AIM: To identify factors that are significantly associated with depression symptoms in pregnant Pacific women living in NZ.

METHODS: Data were collected from 5657 pregnant women, 727 of whom identified their ethnicity as Pacific Island. Antenatal depression symptoms were measured using the Edinburgh Depression Scale with scores above 12 indicating elevated antenatal depression symptoms (ADS).

RESULTS: Pacific women had significantly higher rates of ADS than non-Pacific women, with 23% of pregnant Pacific women experiencing ADS. Factors associated with ADS for Pacific ...


Narrative Identity Reconstruction As Adaptive Growth During Mental Health Recovery: A Narrative Coaching Boardgame Approach, Douglas Kerr, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe Jan 2019

Narrative Identity Reconstruction As Adaptive Growth During Mental Health Recovery: A Narrative Coaching Boardgame Approach, Douglas Kerr, Frank P. Deane, Trevor P. Crowe

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: The purpose of this paper is to construct a conceptual framework for investigating the reconstruction of narrative identity in mental health recovery from a complexity perspective. This conceptual framework provides the foundation for developing a health boardgame to facilitate narrative identity reconstruction.

Methods: A selective integrative review of the theoretical and empirical literature relevant to narrative identity reconstruction in recovery was conducted. Sources included books, dissertations, internet resources, and professional journals.

Findings: The reviewed material provides a conceptual framework that offers an enriched understanding of narrative identity reconstruction in recovery as a process of adaptive growth. It identifies the ...


Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton Jan 2019

Proposing A Haptic Approach To Facilitating L2 Learners' Pragmatic Competence, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, William Acton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Pragmatic competence plays a critical role in successful communication. Pragmatics in the second language classroom has received substantial interest in TESOL, yet teachers often find the teaching of pragmatics challenging. Instruction generally tends to focus on grammar and vocabulary development, even though pragmatics is closely linked to the sound system (i.e., phonology) of the language. An effective method should combine attention to both pragmatic and phonological competence. We propose an integrated approach, drawing on haptic (movement and touch) pronunciation teaching techniques (Acton, Baker, Burri & Teaman, 2013) to facilitate study and uptake of pragmatics in the classroom. In part by ...


Alteration To Hippocampal Volume And Shape Confined To Cannabis Dependence: A Multi-Site Study, Yann Chye, Valentina Lorenzetti, Chao Suo, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna Goudriaan, M D. Jenkinson, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij Jan 2019

Alteration To Hippocampal Volume And Shape Confined To Cannabis Dependence: A Multi-Site Study, Yann Chye, Valentina Lorenzetti, Chao Suo, Albert Batalla, Janna Cousijn, Anna Goudriaan, M D. Jenkinson, Rocio Martin-Santos, Sarah Whittle, Murat Yucel, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Cannabis use is highly prevalent and often considered to be relatively harmless. Nonetheless, a subset of regular cannabis users may develop dependence, experiencing poorer quality of life and greater mental health problems relative to non-dependent users. The neuroanatomy characterizing cannabis use versus dependence is poorly understood. We aimed to delineate the contributing role of cannabis use and dependence on morphology of the hippocampus, one of the most consistently altered brain regions in cannabis users, in a large multi-site dataset aggregated across four research sites. We compared hippocampal volume and vertex-level hippocampal shape differences (1) between 121 non-using controls and 140 ...


Artificial Intelligence To Enhance Learning Design In Uow Online, A Unified Approach To Fully Online Learning, Rory L. Sie, Janine Delahunty, Kenton Bell, Alisa J. Percy, Bart Rienties, Trinh Cao, Maarten F. De Laat Jan 2019

Artificial Intelligence To Enhance Learning Design In Uow Online, A Unified Approach To Fully Online Learning, Rory L. Sie, Janine Delahunty, Kenton Bell, Alisa J. Percy, Bart Rienties, Trinh Cao, Maarten F. De Laat

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The current article presents a framework for the design and support of UOW Online, an entirely new unified university strategy for fully online learning. To aid teachers in the learning design process, we aim to create more awareness for teachers by determining the underlying learning design of their subject. To ensure the approach can be scaled up to cater for potentially hundreds of subjects, the manual labeling serves as input for an Artificial Intelligence (AI) algorithm that will train a model to label intended learning activities automatically. In addition to student demographics and behavior, the learning design and subject content ...


Authorized Equality Test On Identity-Based Ciphertexts For Secret Data Sharing Via Cloud Storage, Hongbo Li, Qiong Huang, Sha Ma, Jian Shen, Willy Susilo Jan 2019

Authorized Equality Test On Identity-Based Ciphertexts For Secret Data Sharing Via Cloud Storage, Hongbo Li, Qiong Huang, Sha Ma, Jian Shen, Willy Susilo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

With the higher rate of using cloud storage, protecting data privacy becomes an important issue. The most effective solution is to encrypt data before uploading to the cloud. However, how to efficiently search over data encrypted with different keys is still an open problem. To address this problem, we introduce a new notion of the identity-based encryption with equality test supporting flexible authorization (IBEET-FA). It supports the test of whether two ciphertexts encrypted under the different keys encapsulate the same message, and in the meanwhile supports fine-grained authorization of the test. Based on the equality test on ciphertexts, there is ...


A Novel Data Forwarding Strategy For A Drone Delay Tolerant Network With Range Extension, Saeid Iranmanesh, Raad Raad Jan 2019

A Novel Data Forwarding Strategy For A Drone Delay Tolerant Network With Range Extension, Saeid Iranmanesh, Raad Raad

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Amazon, Uber Eats, and United Parcel Service (UPS) are planning to launch drone delivery services in the near future. Indeed, recently, Google has received Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) approval for its Wings delivery platform. Amazon claims that a drone logistics network is more cost-efficient and quicker than a motor vehicle delivery network. In this paper, we propose a data delivery service by the drone network in addition to parcel delivery. We propose Heuristic Flight Path Planning (HFPP) that plans a drone's flight path based on parcel delivery destination as well as data delivery destinations (waypoints). We further extend the ...


Greyhounds And Racing Industry Participants: A Look At The New South Wales Greyhound Racing Community, Justine Groizard Jan 2019

Greyhounds And Racing Industry Participants: A Look At The New South Wales Greyhound Racing Community, Justine Groizard

Animal Studies Journal

Subsequent to the exposure of live baiting and animal cruelty within the NSW greyhound racing industry in 2015, a public debate emerged about animal welfare, oppression and exploitation. It resulted in a community outcry, an inquiry into live baiting and animal welfare within the industry and a proposed ban of greyhound racing in the state of NSW. Whilst the proposed ban of greyhound racing was celebrated amongst animal activists, it was met with a mixture of sadness, shock and animosity from people from within the industry. Many of the people within the greyhound racing community felt stigmatised and discriminated against ...


Polymerisation Shrinkage Profiling Of Dental Composites Using Optical Fibre Sensing And Their Correlation With Degree Of Conversion And Curing Rate, Ginu Rajan, Raju Raju, Sagar Jinachandran, Paul Farrar, Jiangtao Xi, Gangadhara B. Prusty Jan 2019

Polymerisation Shrinkage Profiling Of Dental Composites Using Optical Fibre Sensing And Their Correlation With Degree Of Conversion And Curing Rate, Ginu Rajan, Raju Raju, Sagar Jinachandran, Paul Farrar, Jiangtao Xi, Gangadhara B. Prusty

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Traditional polymerisation shrinkage (PS) measurement systems measure average PS of dental composites, but the true local PS varies along the length and breadth of the composite. The PS depends on the curing light intensity distribution, resultant degree of conversion (DOC) and the curing rate. In this paper, optical fibre Bragg grating (FBG) sensing based technology is used to measure the linear post-gel PS at multiple locations within dental composite specimens, and is correlated with DOC and curing rate. A commercial dental composite is used, and its post-gel PS and DOC are mapped using embedded fibre Bragg grating sensors at different ...


Factorisation Of Equivariant Spectral Triples In Unbounded Kk-Theory, Iain G. Forsyth, Adam C. Rennie Jan 2019

Factorisation Of Equivariant Spectral Triples In Unbounded Kk-Theory, Iain G. Forsyth, Adam C. Rennie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

We provide sufficient conditions to factorise an equivariant spectral triple as a Kasparov product of unbounded classes constructed from the group action on the algebra and from the fixed point spectral triple. We show that if factorisation occurs, then the equivariant index of the spectral triple vanishes. Our results are for the action of compact abelian Lie groups, and we demonstrate them with examples from manifolds and θ-deformations. In particular, we show that equivariant Dirac-type spectral triples on the total space of a torus principal bundle always factorise. Combining this with our index result yields a special case of the ...


Channel Covariance Matrix Estimation Via Dimension Reduction For Hybrid Mimo Mmwave Communication Systems, Rui Hu, Jun Tong, Jiangtao Xi, Qinghua Guo, Yanguang Yu Jan 2019

Channel Covariance Matrix Estimation Via Dimension Reduction For Hybrid Mimo Mmwave Communication Systems, Rui Hu, Jun Tong, Jiangtao Xi, Qinghua Guo, Yanguang Yu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Hybrid massive MIMO structures with lower hardware complexity and power consumption have been considered as potential candidates for millimeter wave (mmWave) communications. Channel covariance information can be used for designing transmitter precoders, receiver combiners, channel estimators, etc. However, hybrid structures allow only a lower-dimensional signal to be observed, which adds difficulties for channel covariance matrix estimation. In this paper, we formulate the channel covariance estimation as a structured low-rank matrix sensing problem via Kronecker product expansion and use a low-complexity algorithm to solve this problem. Numerical results with uniform linear arrays (ULA) and uniform squared planar arrays (USPA) are provided ...


Metamorphic Relations For Detection Of Performance Anomalies, Owen Johnston, Darryl C. Jarman, Jeffrey Berry, Zhi Q. Zhou, Tsong Yueh Chen Jan 2019

Metamorphic Relations For Detection Of Performance Anomalies, Owen Johnston, Darryl C. Jarman, Jeffrey Berry, Zhi Q. Zhou, Tsong Yueh Chen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Metamorphic relations can be used to improve performance testing by comparing successive runs of the software under test. We examine one such metamorphic relation for page load times, which we used to discover and repair a race condition in the Adobe Experience Platform Launch Tag Manager. Histograms for page load times had different modalities, which alerted us to the presence of the bug. We discuss the need for performance measures in addition to the popular mean and standard deviation. We describe two approaches to automatically determine modality: Gaussian Mixture Models and the Silverman Test for Multimodality. Metamorphic relations which involve ...


Facilitating Social Learning In Teacher Education: A Case Study, Emmy Vrieling, A Van Den Beemt, Maarten F. De Laat Jan 2019

Facilitating Social Learning In Teacher Education: A Case Study, Emmy Vrieling, A Van Den Beemt, Maarten F. De Laat

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

It is increasingly recognised that social learning by teachers can stimulate professional development. In this study, we search for the social behaviour patterns which can act as a catalyst for professional development, with an explicit focus on student teachers' learning. Based on the 'Dimensions of Social Learning (DSL) Framework', including 4 dimensions and 11 indicators of social learning, the present study explores the social configuration of one network of primary teachers (n = 12), student teachers (n = 12) and teacher educators (n = 2). Two research questions guide this exploration: (1) What patterns of social behaviour in teacher networks are likely to ...


Institutional Technology Adoption And Integration: A Holistic Grass Roots Approach To Inform Institutional Transformation, David Bruce Porter, Kristy Newton, Susan R. Downie, Dave Rigter Jan 2019

Institutional Technology Adoption And Integration: A Holistic Grass Roots Approach To Inform Institutional Transformation, David Bruce Porter, Kristy Newton, Susan R. Downie, Dave Rigter

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The capability to integrate educational technologies has become increasingly important for higher education institutions to be scalable and competitive. Addressing the barriers and enablers for the adoption of educational technologies can potentially catalyse institutional technology initiatives. To address one university’s technology adoption challenges, an ad hoc group of academic and professional staff, representing information technology, the library, educational design, and faculty units engaged in a collaborative reflection and institutional scan to identify the barriers to adoption and potential solutions.Methods: Beginning in April 2018, the group met fortnightly over three months to map the issues related to supporting technology ...


Engineering Students At Day Zero: Selection And Concerns By Gender, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas F. Suesse, Thomas Goldfinch Jan 2019

Engineering Students At Day Zero: Selection And Concerns By Gender, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas F. Suesse, Thomas Goldfinch

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The importance of attracting students to STEM disciplines such as engineering is well understood. Many developed countries are trying to grow numbers in the field by attracting a greater proportion of females than currently exists. This study explores student engineering selection decisions and initial concerns by gender prior to official commencement of classes within common first year engineering.


Assessing Risk For Hiv Infection Among Adolescent Girls In South Africa: An Evaluation Of The Voice Risk Score (Hptn 068), Danielle Giovenco, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn, Ryan Wagner, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Jing Wang, James Hughes Jan 2019

Assessing Risk For Hiv Infection Among Adolescent Girls In South Africa: An Evaluation Of The Voice Risk Score (Hptn 068), Danielle Giovenco, Audrey Pettifor, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn, Ryan Wagner, Estelle Piwowar-Manning, Jing Wang, James Hughes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

INTRODUCTION: To maximize impact and minimize costs, antiretroviral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) interventions should be offered to those at highest risk for HIV infection. The risk score derived from the VOICE trial is one tool currently being utilized to determine eligibility in adolescent PrEP trials in sub-Saharan Africa. This study is aimed at evaluating the utility of the risk score in predicting HIV incidence among a cohort of adolescent girls in rural South Africa.

METHODS: We utilized data from HIV Prevention Trials Network (HPTN) 068, a phase III randomized controlled trial conducted in rural Mpumalanga province, South Africa. School-attending young women ...


Sexual Partner Types And Incident Hiv Infection Among Rural South African Adolescent Girls And Young Women Enrolled In Hptn 068: A Latent Class Analysis, Nadia Nguyen, Kimberly Powers, William Miller, Annie Howard, Carolyn Halpern, James Hughes, Jing Wang, Rhian Twine, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor Jan 2019

Sexual Partner Types And Incident Hiv Infection Among Rural South African Adolescent Girls And Young Women Enrolled In Hptn 068: A Latent Class Analysis, Nadia Nguyen, Kimberly Powers, William Miller, Annie Howard, Carolyn Halpern, James Hughes, Jing Wang, Rhian Twine, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Sexual partners are the primary source of incident HIV infection among adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in sub-Saharan Africa. Identifying partner types at greatest risk of HIV transmission could guide the design of tailored HIV prevention interventions.

METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis of data from AGYW (aged 13-23 years) enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of cash transfers for HIV prevention in South Africa. Annually, AGYW reported behavioral and demographic characteristics of their 3 most recent sexual partners, categorized each partner using prespecified labels, and received HIV testing. We used latent class analysis (LCA) to identify partner ...


State Of The Art In U.S. Multicultural Social Work Practice: Client Expectations And Provider Challenges, Katarzyna J. Olcon Jan 2019

State Of The Art In U.S. Multicultural Social Work Practice: Client Expectations And Provider Challenges, Katarzyna J. Olcon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

To obtain a comprehensive view of the level of knowledge and development achieved in multicultural social work practice, I conducted a scoping review of U.S. empirical literature for the 10-year period from 2007 through 2016. The review revealed that across the board racial and ethnic minority clients continue to experience marginalization and report low satisfaction with services. Conversely, providers are subject to some tensions and biases toward multicultural practice exacerbated by employers’ lack of emphasis on cultural competence. The problematic findings from the review suggest that our current approaches to cultural competence may need to be reexamined.


An Internet-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (Time2bhealthy) For Parents Of Preschool-Aged Children: Randomized Controlled Trial, Megan Hammersley, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Rachel A. Jones Jan 2019

An Internet-Based Childhood Obesity Prevention Program (Time2bhealthy) For Parents Of Preschool-Aged Children: Randomized Controlled Trial, Megan Hammersley, Anthony D. Okely, Marijka Batterham, Rachel A. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Electronic health (eHealth) obesity programs offer benefits to traditionally delivered programs and have shown promise in improving obesity-related behaviors in children. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the efficacy of a parent-focused, internet-based healthy lifestyle program for preschool-aged children, who are overweight or at or above the fiftieth percentile for body mass index (BMI) for their age and sex, on child BMI, obesity-related behaviors, parent modeling, and parent self-efficacy. METHODS: The Time2bHealthy randomized controlled trial was conducted in Australia, during 2016 to 2017. Participants were recruited both online and through more traditional means within the community. Parent or carer ...


Effects Of Pointing Gestures On Memory For (In)Congruent Stimuli In Children And Young Adults, Kim Ouwehand, Katinka Dijkstra, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas Jan 2019

Effects Of Pointing Gestures On Memory For (In)Congruent Stimuli In Children And Young Adults, Kim Ouwehand, Katinka Dijkstra, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

We investigated whether finger pointing toward picture locations can be used as an external cognitive control tool to guide attention and compensate for the immature cognitive control functions in children compared with young adults. Item and source memory performance was compared for picture-location pairs that were either semantically congruent (e.g., a cloud presented at the upper half of the screen) or incongruent (e.g., a cloud presented at the lower part of the screen). Contrary to our expectations, pointing had an adverse effect on source memory compared to visual observation only, in both age groups. As expected, superior source ...


An Unmitigated Disaster: Shifting From Response And Recovery To Mitigation For An Insurable Future, Eliza R. De Vet, Christine Eriksen, Kate Booth, Shaun French Jan 2019

An Unmitigated Disaster: Shifting From Response And Recovery To Mitigation For An Insurable Future, Eliza R. De Vet, Christine Eriksen, Kate Booth, Shaun French

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Australian households are increasingly vulnerable to natural hazard-related disasters. To manage disaster risk, government commissioned inquiries have called for greater investment in mitigation. This article critically examines the call for a shift in funding priority towards pre-disaster mitigation measures, in the context of growing concerns around the ability of households to access and afford insurance. It examines mitigation measures in the context of three prominent Australian disasters: the Black Saturday bushfires (Victoria, 2009), the Queensland floods (2010-2011), and Cyclone Yasi (Queensland, 2011). We argue that as a mode of disaster security, mitigation operates as a complex assemblage of logics and ...


Environmental Values, Knowledge And Behaviour: Contributions Of An Emergent Literature On The Role Of Ethnicity And Migration, Lesley M. Head, Natascha Klocker, Ikerne Aguirre-Bielschowsky Jan 2019

Environmental Values, Knowledge And Behaviour: Contributions Of An Emergent Literature On The Role Of Ethnicity And Migration, Lesley M. Head, Natascha Klocker, Ikerne Aguirre-Bielschowsky

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Amidst calls for paradigm shifts in environmental scholarship, we track an emergent literature on how environmental values, knowledge and behaviour (EVKB) change (or not) with the migration process. We focus on the role of Majority World migrants to the Minority World. Large-scale survey research into EVKB is beginning to consider both ethnicity and migration history as important variables, but tends to leave the concepts of environment and environmental behaviour unexamined. Western EVKB indicators thus tend to be universalized rather than understood as themselves culturally specific. An emergent literature attempts to improve both quantitative and qualitative research on EVKB by broadening ...


Who Drinks Sugar Sweetened Beverages And Juice? An Australian Population Study Of Behaviour, Awareness And Attitudes, Caroline Miller, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, David Roder, Kerin O'Dea, Kerry Ettridge, Joanne Dono Jan 2019

Who Drinks Sugar Sweetened Beverages And Juice? An Australian Population Study Of Behaviour, Awareness And Attitudes, Caroline Miller, Melanie Dr Melanie Wakefield, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, David Roder, Kerin O'Dea, Kerry Ettridge, Joanne Dono

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: The rate of overweight and obesity in Australia is among the highest in the world. Yet Australia lags other countries in developing comprehensive educative or regulatory responses to address sugary drink consumption, a key modifiable risk factor that contributes substantial excess sugar to the diet. Measurement of sugary drink consumption is typically sporadic and nutrition focussed and there is limited knowledge of community perceptions and awareness of the health risks associated with excess sugary drink consumption. The aim of this study was to assess the demographic characteristics, behavioural risk factors and attitudes and knowledge associated with sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB ...


Viewpoints: Should Teaching Students Who Fail A Literacy And Numeracy Test Be Barred From Teaching?, Lynn D. Sheridan, Nan Bahr Jan 2019

Viewpoints: Should Teaching Students Who Fail A Literacy And Numeracy Test Be Barred From Teaching?, Lynn D. Sheridan, Nan Bahr

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Starting this month, teaching students who fail or haven't yet taken the Literacy and Numeracy Test for Initial Teacher Education (LANTITE) will not be able to teach in Victorian schools. Previously, around one in 20 teachers who had failed the test or hadn't taken it yet received provisional registration. Prospective students who took the test late in 2018 received their results on January 11.