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Articles 13141 - 13170 of 13190

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Statistical Image Algebra: A Bayesian Approach, Jennifer L. Davidson, Noel A. Cressie Jan 1991

Statistical Image Algebra: A Bayesian Approach, Jennifer L. Davidson, Noel A. Cressie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A mathematical structure used to express image processing transforms, the AFATL image algebra has proved itself useful in a wide variety of applications. The theoretical foundation for the image algebra includes many important constructs for handling a wide variety of image processing problems: questions relating to linear and nonlinear transforms, including decomposition techniques [9], [5]; mapping of transformations to computer architectures [8], [4]; neural networks [1 1], [6]; recursive transforms [10]; and data manipulation on hexagonal arrays. However, statistical notions have been included only on a very elementary level in [12], and on a more sophisticated level in [2]. In ...


Scruttonia (Rugosa, Cnidaria) From The Devonian Of Western Australia, Anthony J. Wright Jan 1991

Scruttonia (Rugosa, Cnidaria) From The Devonian Of Western Australia, Anthony J. Wright

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Phillipsastrea delicatula Hill. 1936. from probably the early Frasnian (early Late Devonian) of the Lennard Shelf, Western Australia. is assigned to the cosmopolitan rugose coral genus Scruttonia. Its occurrence there supports the previously reported cosmopolitan nature of Late Devonian rugose coral faunas and the faunal similarities between eastern and Western Australia in the Devonia.


Finance Sector Union Strategies In A World Of Change, Laurie Stevenson, Barbara Lepani Jan 1991

Finance Sector Union Strategies In A World Of Change, Laurie Stevenson, Barbara Lepani

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This conference paper was presented at the 'International Federation of Commercial, Clerical, Professional and Technical Employees' Conference, San Fransisco, August, 1991. The paper examined topics related to issues impacting the Australian Banking and Finance Sector such as Deregulation, Foreign investment, the European Community, Labour Force trends, New technologies, industrial relations and future directions and strategies for the Australian Finance Sector Union.


New Technologies And Their Employment Effects In The Australian Banking Sector, Laurie Stevenson Jan 1991

New Technologies And Their Employment Effects In The Australian Banking Sector, Laurie Stevenson

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The introduction of new technologies into the Australian Banking Sector in the 1990s initiated numerous changes to employment arrangements in the Australian Banking industry. This conference paper examined a number of case studies of examples of new banking technologies and their employment effects. The paper identified two functional types of new banking technologies: those that assisted the centralisation of banking operations and; those that assisted the decentralisation of banking operations. Based on this analysis, the paper discussed the potential effects on employment structures in the Australian banking sector.


Effect Of Postinfection Application Of Phosphorous (Phosphonic) Acid On The Incidence And Sporulation Of Plasmopara Viticola On Grapevine, T J. Wicks, P A. Magarey, M F. Wachtel, A B. Frensham Jan 1991

Effect Of Postinfection Application Of Phosphorous (Phosphonic) Acid On The Incidence And Sporulation Of Plasmopara Viticola On Grapevine, T J. Wicks, P A. Magarey, M F. Wachtel, A B. Frensham

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Phosphorous acid (H3P03) applied at 1.2 gIL up to 12 days after infection reduced the incidence and severity of Plasmopara vitieola. When applied up to 13 days after infection, H3P03 reduced sporulation. In some experiments, the postinfection activity of H3P03 was better than metalaxyl, while in other experiments it was less effective. Both fungicides applied after infection reduced the incidence and severity of disease on leaves and flower clusters, indicating that postinfection applications should reduce the production of inoculum and the consequent spread of disease within a vineyard. In most cases, the addition of copper oxychloride did not affect ...


Preliminary Report For The Australian Bank Employees' Submission To The House Of Representatives Standing Committee On Finance And Public Administration Inquiry Into The Australian Banking Industry, Laurie Stevenson Mr, Barbara Lepani Dec 1990

Preliminary Report For The Australian Bank Employees' Submission To The House Of Representatives Standing Committee On Finance And Public Administration Inquiry Into The Australian Banking Industry, Laurie Stevenson Mr, Barbara Lepani

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The Australian Bank Employees' Union commissioned the Centre for Technology and Social Change at the University of Wollongong to prepare a preliminary report for submission to the 'Martin Inquiry into the Australian Banking Industry'. This submission examined the results of deregulation of the Australian Banking Industry in terms of increased competition, the entry of foreign banks, innovation, new technologies and financial services, takeovers and mergers and human resources. The submission's recommendations to the Martin Committee were based on these findings.


Clarke, Coal And Controversy: The Traumas Of Reverend W.B. Clarke In His Defence Of Australian Geology During The Nineteenth Century, Michael K. Organ Feb 1990

Clarke, Coal And Controversy: The Traumas Of Reverend W.B. Clarke In His Defence Of Australian Geology During The Nineteenth Century, Michael K. Organ

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

[Extract] Though readily given the title Father of Australian geology , the Reverend W.B. Clarke remains something of a mysterious figure to Australian geologists. When asked what his major achievements were, few would be able to offer an answer. Yet such disregard is commonly the fate of many pioneers in the field of science, for once a discovery is made, or theory proven, the profession moves on to new and more challenging fields, with scant regard for the foundations upon which current work is based.... William Branwhite Clarke (1798-1878) was a pioneer in the field of Australian science who, though ...


Some Improvements To Turner's Algorithm For Bracket Abstraction, Martin W. Bunder Jan 1990

Some Improvements To Turner's Algorithm For Bracket Abstraction, Martin W. Bunder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A computer handles A-terms more easily if these are translated into combinatory terms. This translation process is called bracket abstraction. The simplest abstraction algorithm-the (fab) algorithm of Curry (see Curry and Feys [6])-is lengthy to implement and produces combinatory terms that increase rapidly in length as the number of variables to be abstracted increases.


A New Early Devonian Spinose Phacopid Trilobite From Limekilns, New South Wales: Morphology, Affinities, Taphonomy And Palaeoenvironment, Anthony J. Wright, W Haas Jan 1990

A New Early Devonian Spinose Phacopid Trilobite From Limekilns, New South Wales: Morphology, Affinities, Taphonomy And Palaeoenvironment, Anthony J. Wright, W Haas

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Paciphacops (Paciphacops) crawfordae n.sp. is a distinctive spinose phacopid trilobite of late Pragian (Early Devonian) age from the deepwater, dysaerobic Rosedale Shale, Limekilns district, New South Wales. It is characterised by short occipital, genal and intergenal spines on the cephalon, and short thoracic spines on the axial rings and pleurae. Various combinations of such spines are developed in P. (Paciphacops) serratus Foerste (Lochkovian, New South Wales; Ludlovian, Kazakhstan?) and P. (Paciphacops) claviger Haas (Siegenian, Nevada), but the three species cannot be shown to be related.


The Multifunction Polis: A Catalyst For Change In The 21st Century, Laurie Stevenson, Barbara Lepani Jan 1990

The Multifunction Polis: A Catalyst For Change In The 21st Century, Laurie Stevenson, Barbara Lepani

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The proposal to establish a Multifunction Polis in Australia emerged at a time when Australia was confronting a number of challenges. The challenges were a result of four inter-related macro factors - globalisation, internationalisation, technological change and an expanding Asian consumer market. This report examined potential roles of the finance sector and also the Australian Bank Employees' Union in participating in, and contributing to, the development of the Multifunction Polis initiative.


Identification Of Giardia Lamblia-Specific Antigens In Infected Human And Gerbil Feces By Western Immunoblotting, Henry H. Stibbs, Mansour Samadpour, Jerry E. Ongerth Jan 1990

Identification Of Giardia Lamblia-Specific Antigens In Infected Human And Gerbil Feces By Western Immunoblotting, Henry H. Stibbs, Mansour Samadpour, Jerry E. Ongerth

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Western immunoblot analysis of aqueous extracts of feces obtained from five giardiasis patients and from experimentally infected gerbils (Meriones unguiculatus) with rabbit antiserum to Giardia lamblia cysts has revealed antigens of three molecular weight groups. A stepladderlike, evenly-spaced set of strongly reactive antigens (darkest at a molecular weight [m.w.] of 55,000 to 70,000) appeared in the gerbil feces from day 4 (first experiment) or day 2 (second experiment) and lasted to about day 7 but disappeared completely by day 8 and did not reappear later. These antigenic bands were seen in gerbils infected with two isolates of ...


Cd Roms At The University Of Wollongong: A Case Study, Craig Grimson Jan 1990

Cd Roms At The University Of Wollongong: A Case Study, Craig Grimson

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The University of Wollongong Library purchased 21 bibliographic databases on CD-ROM during 1988, 1989 and 1990 covering the disciplines of business, psychology, medicine, geography, sociology, education, science, nursing, engineering, mathematics and occupational health and safety. The databases are available for use by all students and staff, and their use is continuing to be evaluated. The introduction of the CD··ROM service has had significant implications for library users and staff, e. g . the number of online searches has reduced, the use of serial literature has increased, the use of hard copy indexes has changed and staff involvement in the training ...


Cd Rom And Access To Information In Academic Libraries, Carole Alcock Jan 1990

Cd Rom And Access To Information In Academic Libraries, Carole Alcock

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

CD-Rom databases have been hailed as a means of avoiding the problems inherent in budgeting for online services, and hence also the need to charge for searching. However, some libraries are already considering charging for their use. This is a retrograde step. The University of Wollongong library has purchased a number of CD-ROM databases which have been enthusiastically received by both students and academic staff. At present, we do not charge for this service. Initial indications are that the introduction of CD-Rom databases has meant a slump in demand for online searches. Clearly, CD-Rom and online services could be complementary ...


Evaluation Of Dna Probes For Detection Of Shiga-Like-Toxin- Producing Escherichia Coli In Food And Calf Fecal Samples, Mansour Samadpour, John Liston, Jerry E. Ongerth, Phillip I. Tarr Jan 1990

Evaluation Of Dna Probes For Detection Of Shiga-Like-Toxin- Producing Escherichia Coli In Food And Calf Fecal Samples, Mansour Samadpour, John Liston, Jerry E. Ongerth, Phillip I. Tarr

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The use of DNA probes for Shiga-like toxin I (SLT-I) and SLT-II for detection of SLT-producing Escherichia coli (SLTEC) in foods and calf fecal samples was evaluated. Enrichment cultures were prepared from food or fecal samples. Colonies formed by plating of enrichment cultures were probed for SLTEC by colony hybridization. Alternatively, enrichment cultures were analyzed for SLTEC presence by dot blot. The lowest detected concentration of SLTEC in sample homogenates inoculated with E. coli 0157:H7 corresponded to 1.3 CFU/g of sample. Of the 44 food samples and 28 fecal samples from dairy calves tested by the colony ...


Backcountry Water Treatment To Prevent Giardiasis, Jerry E. Ongerth, Ron L. Johnson, Steven C. Macdonald, Floyd Frost, Henry H. Stibbs Jan 1989

Backcountry Water Treatment To Prevent Giardiasis, Jerry E. Ongerth, Ron L. Johnson, Steven C. Macdonald, Floyd Frost, Henry H. Stibbs

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study was conducted to provide current information on the effectiveness of water treatment chemicals and filters for control of Giardia cysts in areas where treated water is not available. Four filters and seven chemical treatments were evaluated for both clear and turbid water at 10°C. Three contact disinfection devices were also tested for cyst inactivation. Filters were tested with 1-liter volumes of water seeded with 3 x 104 cysts of G. lamblia produced in gerbils inoculated with in vitro cultured trophozoites; the entire volume of filtrate was examined for cyst passage. Chemical treatments were evaluated at concentrations specified ...


Efficiency Of Neighbour Analysis For Replicated Variety Trials In Australia, Brian R. Cullis, A. C. Gleeson Jan 1989

Efficiency Of Neighbour Analysis For Replicated Variety Trials In Australia, Brian R. Cullis, A. C. Gleeson

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Use of a one-dimensional neighbour method of analysis in 1019 variety trials of a range of crops conducted by plant breeders in four states of Australia in 1985–87 resulted in an average reduction of 42% in variances of varietal yield differences compared with conventional randomized complete block analysis. Of these trials, 219 were designed as square, rectangular or generalized lattices and the average reduction in variances of varietal yields with incomplete block analysis and recovery of interblock information was 33%. The results emphasized that plots should be wide enough to avoid interplot competition, and that neighbour analysis is of ...


Australianising Social Welfare Education: The Development Of A Major Sequence 'Australian Cultural Studies' In A New B.Soc.Sci. (Community Service), Peter J. Camilleri, Rosemary Kennedy, Rod Oxenberry Jan 1989

Australianising Social Welfare Education: The Development Of A Major Sequence 'Australian Cultural Studies' In A New B.Soc.Sci. (Community Service), Peter J. Camilleri, Rosemary Kennedy, Rod Oxenberry

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Much of social welfare education in Australia is built upon the tried and tested knowledge bases developed within American and British approaches to social work and welfare provision. The experience of those two countries has dominated the theoretical frameworks for practice intervention and indeed, the analysis of social problems and societal responses to them. Australian experience has tended to play a supplementary role in that differences in context have altered or modified aspects of these overseas approaches, or some peculiar aspect of case experience has led to variations in response. The review and development of educational programs for social welfare ...


Bioethics, Faith And Reason: Recent Writing In Medical Bioethics, Neville Hicks, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer Jan 1989

Bioethics, Faith And Reason: Recent Writing In Medical Bioethics, Neville Hicks, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Reviews five medical bioethics texts


The Illawarra Diary Of Lady Jane Franklin, 10-17 May 1839, Michael K. Organ Sep 1988

The Illawarra Diary Of Lady Jane Franklin, 10-17 May 1839, Michael K. Organ

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Jane Franklin, the wife of Sir John Franklin, Governor of Tasmania, travelled overland from Port Phillip to Sydney in 1839. During the trip she kept detailed diary notes and wrote a number of letters. Between 10-17 May 1839 she journeyed to the Illawarra region on the coast of New South Wales. A transcription of the original diary notes is presented, along with descriptive introduction to the life and times of Jane Franklin.


Storminess And High Tide Beach Change, Stanwell Park, Australia 1943-1978, Edward A. Bryant Mar 1988

Storminess And High Tide Beach Change, Stanwell Park, Australia 1943-1978, Edward A. Bryant

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Coastal storms have been considered significant agents in transporting sediment, modifying morphology and causing recent beach erosion. Along the New South Wales coast, the concomitance of storms, warmer sea surface temperatures and poleward movement of the Hadley cell was linked to beach erosion on Stanwell Park beach between 1943 and 1978. This result was defined using an accurately constructed compilation of coastal storms and a precisely measured time series of high tide positions taken from 105 oblique photographs. The two data sets are amongst the best of their kind in the world. Indices of storm magnitude, representing cumulative significant wave ...


Echo Of A Distant Drum [Episode 1], Siobhan Mchugh Jan 1988

Echo Of A Distant Drum [Episode 1], Siobhan Mchugh

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Episode on the rebellious nature of the Irish in Australia - including Ned Kelly.


Sea-Level Variability And Its Impact Within The Greenhouse Scenario, Edward A. Bryant Jan 1988

Sea-Level Variability And Its Impact Within The Greenhouse Scenario, Edward A. Bryant

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The greenhouse scenario assumes that sea level will rise worldwide at uniform rates because of near-polar ice melting or because of thermal expansion of ocean waters. This view ignores the natural variability of existing sea-level behaviour that occurs globally over time. It also ignores the fact that some of this variability is related to changes in climatic parameters such as precipitation, barometric pressure and temperature that will be influenced by the greenhouse effect. This paper presents existing evidence on sea-level variability across the globe and links it to changes in atmospheric pressure, air temperature and precipitation for the period 1933-1980 ...


Australia—An Unstable Platform For Tide-Gauge Measurements Of Changing Sea Levels: A Discussion, Edward A. Bryant, P. S. Roy, B. G. Thom Jan 1988

Australia—An Unstable Platform For Tide-Gauge Measurements Of Changing Sea Levels: A Discussion, Edward A. Bryant, P. S. Roy, B. G. Thom

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The recent detailed analyses by Aubrey and Emery (1986) of Australian sea level trends continues their efforts to define tectonic and climatic factors worldwide that dominate long- and short-term fluctuations respectively in sea level records. These factors have included sediment and water loading on the adjacent shelf, the tectonic behaviour of plates, fluctuations in the Southern Oscillation, behaviour of currents impinging on the shelf, and river runoff. We do not object to these efforts; however we are disturbed by misrepresentations in their recent paper on Australian sea levels regarding (1) the interpretation of the nature of sea-level records, (2) the ...


Relative Accuracy Of A Neighbour Method For Field Trials, W J. Lill, A C. Gleeson, Brian R. Cullis Jan 1988

Relative Accuracy Of A Neighbour Method For Field Trials, W J. Lill, A C. Gleeson, Brian R. Cullis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Two scries of simulation experiments were used to investigate the accuracy of treatment and variance estimation with a neighbour analysis of field trials proposed by Gleeson & Cullis (1987). The first series examined the accuracy of residual maximum likelihood (REML) estimation of seven theoretical error models applicable to field trials. REML estimation provided accurate estimates of the variance parameters, but the Ftest of treatments was slightly biased upward (to +2·4%) for first differences models and slightly biased downwards (to –1·4%) for second differences models. The second series of simulations, based on 19 uniformity data sets, illustrated that treatment effects ...


Co2-Warming, Rising Sea-Level And Retreating Coasts: Review And Critique, Edward A. Bryant Nov 1987

Co2-Warming, Rising Sea-Level And Retreating Coasts: Review And Critique, Edward A. Bryant

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

A CO2-warming atmospheric scenario, whereby increased concentrations of 'greenhouse' gases result in warmer temperatures that either melt near-polar ice or cause thermal expansion of ocean waters, thus leading to increased sea-levels and exacerbated coastal erosion, assumes fundamental but unproven cause-and-effect relationships. General circulation models have reinforced claims of an accelerated warming and indirectly given support to the complete scenario, but ignore the point that global climate and not just air temperatures have changed over the past century. Indeed, it is difficult to prove that air temperatures have warmed naturally outside of urban centres over this period. To attribute recent temperature ...


Labouring Men: Love, Sex And Strife , Mike Donaldson Jul 1987

Labouring Men: Love, Sex And Strife , Mike Donaldson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Studies of masculinity and studies of class are incomplete unless they take each other seriously. This article explores the interrelations between class situation and experience, paid work, the family-household, masculinity and male heterosexuality as they are borne and reproduced by labouring men. Against the psycho¬logisation of the 'men's liberationists' this article insists on the salience of structure. It suggests that the working class, of which labouring men are a small part, can be understood in its strategic power and weaknesses only through the study of the whole lives of its members, changing and changed by each other as ...


Identification Of Cryptosporidium Oocysts In River Water, Jerry Ongerth, Henry Stibbs Jan 1987

Identification Of Cryptosporidium Oocysts In River Water, Jerry Ongerth, Henry Stibbs

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Water samples were collected from four rivers in Washington State and two rivers in California and examined for the presence of Cryptosporidium oocysts. Oocyst-sized particles were concentrated from 20-liter samples of water by membrane filtration, centrifugation, and differential sedimentation. The particle concentrate was then deposited on a 25-mm-diameter membrane filter for oocyst identification by indirect immunofluorescence assay. The identification procedure had a limit of detection of about five oocysts per liter. Cryptosporidium oocysts were found in each of 11 river water samples examined. Concentrations ranged from 2 to 112 oocysts per liter. The finding of Cryptosporidium oocysts in all samples ...


The Archaeology Of Social Complexity In South-East Queensland, Michael Morwood Jan 1987

The Archaeology Of Social Complexity In South-East Queensland, Michael Morwood

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The widespread alliance systems of Australian Aboriginal society had an economic and survival value in harsh environments, but in resource-rich areas such as South-east Queensland it is more a question of strategies for increasing regional carrying capacity. Recent archaeological results in the area, with evidence of increases in site numbers and artefact deposition rates and diversification of subsistence resources to include small-bodied species, show the development of new patterns of technology, economy and demography following major environmental changes in the post-Pleistocene period. Widespread changes in Australian prehistory around 4000 years ago may have been triggered in certain key areas such ...


A Study Of Headache In North American Primary Care: Report For The Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network, L A. Becker, Donald C. Iverson, F M. Read, N Calogne, R S. Miller, W L. Freeman Jan 1987

A Study Of Headache In North American Primary Care: Report For The Ambulatory Sentinel Practice Network, L A. Becker, Donald C. Iverson, F M. Read, N Calogne, R S. Miller, W L. Freeman

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Headache is a common symptom in primary care about which surprisingly little is known. Over a 14-month period 3847 patients making 4940 consecutive visits for headache to 38 primary care practices in the USA and Canada were studied. The clinical characteristics of patients, as well as the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies employed by their doctors, were examined. Visits for headache represented 1.5% of all visits during this period. Most patients (72.0%) made only one visit, and nearly half of the headaches reported were new. Only a small number of patients (3.0%) received a computerized tomographic scan; other ...


Ephemera In Archives: What To Do?, Michael K. Organ Jan 1987

Ephemera In Archives: What To Do?, Michael K. Organ

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This article attempts to define ephemera for archivists and librarians; looks at the methods o f dealing with ephemera previously employed by both groups; suggests that instead o f undergoing off-hand destruction, ephemera be considered a necessary part o f a comprehensive archival collection; and, finally, proposes a simple system for gaining physical and intellectual control over ephemera in an Archives, based on methods employed by the University o f New South Wales Archives.