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Articles 1 - 25 of 25

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Realising The Potential Of Peer-To-Peer Learning: Taming A Mooc With Social Media, Emily Rose Purser, Angela Towndrow, Ary Aranguiz Jan 2013

Realising The Potential Of Peer-To-Peer Learning: Taming A Mooc With Social Media, Emily Rose Purser, Angela Towndrow, Ary Aranguiz

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

ELearning and Digital Cultures, from the University of Edinburgh, was offered on the Coursera platform in January 2013. Over 40,000 enrolled, from every continent. The course was aimed mainly at educators wanting to “deepen their understanding of what it means to teach and learn in the digital age”. As participants, we experienced deep and significant learning, very much through social media. The peer-to-peer learning we engaged in and benefitted from was not traditionally organised ‘group work’ or micro-managed interaction, but something more fluid, open, student-initiated and led, that seems to have gone to the very core of what online ...


Social Network Analysis For Technology-Enhanced Learning: Review And Future Directions, Rory L. Sie, Thomas D. Ullmann, Kamakshi Rajagopal, Karina Cela, Marlies Bitter-Rijpkema, Peter Sloep Jan 2012

Social Network Analysis For Technology-Enhanced Learning: Review And Future Directions, Rory L. Sie, Thomas D. Ullmann, Kamakshi Rajagopal, Karina Cela, Marlies Bitter-Rijpkema, Peter Sloep

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

By nature, learning is social. The interactions by which we learn from others inherently form a network of relationships among people, but also between people and resources. This paper gives an overview of the potential social network analysis (SNA) may have for social learning. It starts with an overview of the history of social learning and how SNA may be of value. The core of the paper outlines the state-of-art of SNA for technology-enhanced learning (TEL), by means of four possible types of SNA applications: visualisation, analysis, simulation, and interventions. In an outlook, future directions of SNA research for TEL ...


Mobbing, Suppression Of Dissent/Discontent, Whistleblowing, And Social Medicine, Brian Martin, Florencia Pena Sanit Martin Jan 2012

Mobbing, Suppression Of Dissent/Discontent, Whistleblowing, And Social Medicine, Brian Martin, Florencia Pena Sanit Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Humans can be ruthless in attacking each other — even without any physical violence. Individuals can be targets, sometimes inside organisations, sometimes in domestic or public arenas. In workplaces, for example, individuals can be singled out for attack because they are different or because they are a threat or unwanted by those with power. Targets of attack often suffer enormously, with severe effects on their health and well-being. Society is also damaged through loss of conscientious workers and citizens and through squelching of ideas that deserve attention. To understand these sorts of dynamics, there are several concepts that are helpful, including ...


Growing Use Of Social Media: How Can Dietitians Embrace This Trend?, Qingcai Peng, Yasmine Probst Jan 2012

Growing Use Of Social Media: How Can Dietitians Embrace This Trend?, Qingcai Peng, Yasmine Probst

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Editorial: Social Inclusion--Are We There Yet?, Kimberley Mcmahon-Coleman, Alisa Percy, Bronwyn James Jan 2012

Editorial: Social Inclusion--Are We There Yet?, Kimberley Mcmahon-Coleman, Alisa Percy, Bronwyn James

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This special edition of the Journal of Academic Language and Learning arose out of a Forum titled Critical Discussions about Social Inclusion held at the University of Wollongong, Australia in June 2011. It was organised by academic language and learning educators from five different universities: Ingrid Wijeyewardene from the University of New England, Helen Drury from the University of Sydney, Caroline San Miguel from the University of Technology Sydney, Stephen Milnes from the Australian National University, and ourselves from the University of Wollongong. Initially funded by a grant from the Association for Academic Language and Learning, this funding was later ...


Social Learning, Critical Reflection And The Perception Of Facticity In Deliberation On Water Reuse, Gregory R. Hampton Jan 2012

Social Learning, Critical Reflection And The Perception Of Facticity In Deliberation On Water Reuse, Gregory R. Hampton

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Critical reflection involves the uncovering and understanding of the assumptions, which are made in the development of knowledge and the establishment and perception of facts. A capacity to understand the development of facts is proposed as an important outcome of social learning. The public perception of the facticity of expert scientific and technological knowledge is analysed in four sets of workshops conducted with publics who utilised recycled water, were within close proximity to water recycling schemes or lived in an area where planned water recycling schemes were to be implemented. The purpose of these workshops was to develop a social ...


Social Inclusion As An Unfinished Verb: A Practice-Based Approach, Lynne Keevers, Pamela Abuodha Jan 2012

Social Inclusion As An Unfinished Verb: A Practice-Based Approach, Lynne Keevers, Pamela Abuodha

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The Australian Government has embarked on a social inclusion agenda that includes ambitious targets to increase and widen participation in higher education. From the evidence to date their approach to social inclusion in higher education focuses attention on statistical indicators of "proportional representation". Most of the available measures of social inclusion and exclusion have an individualistic focus and tend to characterise social exclusion as a "state" in which people are assumed to be "excluded" from access to higher education. Such a perspective focuses attention on the point of entry but backgrounds how the relational experience of under-represented groups in learning ...


Cognitive Ability, Right-Wing Authoritarianism, And Social Dominance Orientation: A Five-Year Longitudinal Study Amongst Adolescents, Patrick C. L. Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Peter Leeson Jan 2011

Cognitive Ability, Right-Wing Authoritarianism, And Social Dominance Orientation: A Five-Year Longitudinal Study Amongst Adolescents, Patrick C. L. Heaven, Joseph Ciarrochi, Peter Leeson

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Explaining Social Exclusion In Alcolhol-Related Dementia: A Literature Review, Renee Brighton, Victoria Traynor, Janette Curtis Jan 2011

Explaining Social Exclusion In Alcolhol-Related Dementia: A Literature Review, Renee Brighton, Victoria Traynor, Janette Curtis

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Going Online For Social Change: Techniques, Barriers And Possibilities For Community Groups, Colin Salter Jan 2011

Going Online For Social Change: Techniques, Barriers And Possibilities For Community Groups, Colin Salter

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Going online can significantly assist a community group to meet its aims. Many open source technologies are designed to embody decentralised and collaborative authorship, facilitating a group's ability to share its message with a much broader audience - and on its terms. By reflecting on the techniques adopted by the Sandon Point Community Picket in going online, and how the approach mirrored their grassroots campaign, we can explore the how alongside the why of working for social change. Challenges faced, their implications, and what we can learn from them can also be considered.


Explaining Social Exclusion In Alcohol-Related Dementia: A Literature Review, Renee Brighton, Janette Curtis, Victoria Traynor Jan 2011

Explaining Social Exclusion In Alcohol-Related Dementia: A Literature Review, Renee Brighton, Janette Curtis, Victoria Traynor

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: The purpose of our project is to explore the lived experience of people with alcohol-related dementia and their carers to explain the impact of social exclusion. The literature review has been completed. The empirical study will be a qualitative study using narrative storylines (Keady et al., 2009) to understand the Australian experience of alcohol-related dementia. Methods: Academic and publishers’ databases (CINAHL, ScienceDirect, Wiley Interscience and SAGE) were searched using the terms: ‘alcohol-related dementia’, ‘diagnosis’, ‘carer’, ‘services’, ‘treatment’ and ‘stigma’. Snowballing techniques were also used to source papers and Google Scholar for grey literature. Findings: A total of 35 articles ...


"At Least I'M Not Drink-Driving": Formative Research For A Social Marketing Campaign To Reduce Drug-Driving Among Young Drivers, Lance R. Barrie, Sandra C. Jones, Elizabeth Wiese Jan 2011

"At Least I'M Not Drink-Driving": Formative Research For A Social Marketing Campaign To Reduce Drug-Driving Among Young Drivers, Lance R. Barrie, Sandra C. Jones, Elizabeth Wiese

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper reports on a qualitative study designed to examine young drivers’ knowledge and attitudes regarding drug-driving, as the formative research for a potential drug-driving social marketing program in the Australian Capital Territory (ACT). Drug driving has been found to be associated with motor vehicle accidents, particularly among younger drivers. However, the potential for social marketing in this area has received little attention. This study found that young people were not aware of the effects of drugs on driving, formed their perceptions of risk (both of getting caught and of impaired driving) based on other people’s experiences, and felt ...


Examining The Social Processes Of 'Innovation' To Inform The Development Of A New Framework For Making Sense Of ''Social Innovation", Patrick M. Dawson, Lisa Daniel Jan 2010

Examining The Social Processes Of 'Innovation' To Inform The Development Of A New Framework For Making Sense Of ''Social Innovation", Patrick M. Dawson, Lisa Daniel

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In the face of increasing pressure to change and adapt to the needs of highly competitive business markets, it is not unusual for management to focus on the commercial payback on technical innovations and to downplay social processes. Typically, company survival is explained in terms of an 'innovation imperative' where new products and services are part of the dynamic business environment for securing and maintaining competitive advantage. Historically, the focus has been on how to translate innovations in science and technology into commercial applications. We contend that whilst largely downplayed, social processes have always been essential tounderstanding innovation and that ...


Alcohol Energy Drinks: Is It Time For The Alcohol Industry To Demonstrate Some Corporate Social Responsibility?, Sandra Jones Jan 2010

Alcohol Energy Drinks: Is It Time For The Alcohol Industry To Demonstrate Some Corporate Social Responsibility?, Sandra Jones

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

There is increasing evidence of association between AEDs and both increased alcohol consumption and increased alcohol-related harm. Australia lags behind other countries in researching and regulating (alcoholic and non-alcoholic) energy drinks. Twelve focus groups were conducted with 12-17 year olds in a capital city, regional city and rural city in NSW, Australia. AEDs were popular among teenagers in urban, regional and rural areas of NSW. Adolescents liked AEDs because they provide increased energy while allowing them to feel the effects of alcohol, and because of their similarity to non-alcohol energy drinks and soft drinks. Given the industry’s stated position ...


The Social Shaping Of Technology: Lessons For Eco-Innovators, Robert B. Brown, David W. Mercer Jan 2009

The Social Shaping Of Technology: Lessons For Eco-Innovators, Robert B. Brown, David W. Mercer

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

A range of innovative technologies and applications offer exciting opportunities to address environmental issues. This is particularly relevant to computers and Information Technology (IT) more generally where new computational techniques and approaches to supporting business decision making have the potential to not only redress the carbon cost of that particular industry, but offer carbon savings to the broader community. In the following discussion paper we provide a overview of ways that insights from the interdisciplinary field of STS (Science and Technology Studies or Science Technology and Society) might assist eco-innovators in the IT sector. We identify four interlocking themes emerging ...


Critical Social Marketing: Assessing The Impact Of Alcohol Marketing On Youth Drinking, Ross Gordon, Fiona Harris, Anne Marie Mackintosh Jan 2009

Critical Social Marketing: Assessing The Impact Of Alcohol Marketing On Youth Drinking, Ross Gordon, Fiona Harris, Anne Marie Mackintosh

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Where's The Harm? A Social Marketing Approach To Reframing 'Problem' Drinking Cultures, M Carrigan, Andrew Lindridge, S Macaskill, D Eadie, R Gordon, D Heim Jan 2009

Where's The Harm? A Social Marketing Approach To Reframing 'Problem' Drinking Cultures, M Carrigan, Andrew Lindridge, S Macaskill, D Eadie, R Gordon, D Heim

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Alcohol consumption is often linked to a broad range of social and health problems, yet alcohol also plays a fundamental role in social bonding between people. This paper considers the potential of social marketing to contribute to alcohol consumption reduction and reframe social norms that encourage ‘problem’ drinking. Based on qualitative research with a variety of Scottish drinkers, the paper emphasises how and why a better understanding of the culturally bound meanings of alcohol (e.g. social identity, self-concept) are of crucial importance to inform any social marketing approach to reframing excessive drinking.


Can Social Cognitive Theory Constructs Explain Socio-Economic Variations In Adolescent Eating Behaviours? A Mediation Analysis, Kylie Ball, D Crawford, Francis A. Worsley, Gayle Savige, N Andrianopoulos, A. Macfarlane Jan 2009

Can Social Cognitive Theory Constructs Explain Socio-Economic Variations In Adolescent Eating Behaviours? A Mediation Analysis, Kylie Ball, D Crawford, Francis A. Worsley, Gayle Savige, N Andrianopoulos, A. Macfarlane

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Adolescents of low socio-economic position (SEP) are less likely than those of higher SEP to consume diets in line with current dietary recommendations. The reasons for these SEP variations remain poorly understood. We investigated the mechanisms underlying socioeconomic variations in adolescents eating behaviours using a theoretically derived explanatory model. Data were obtained from a community- based sample of 2529 adolescents aged 12 to15 years, from 37 secondary schools in Victoria, Australia. Adolescents completed a webbased survey assessing their eating behaviours, self-efficacy for healthy eating, perceived importance of nutrition and health, social modelling and support and the availability of foods in ...


"Ice Is Crazy But If You Just Smoke A Bit Of Dope It's Not That Bad": Formative Research For A Drug-Driving Social Marketing Campaign In The Act, Sandra C. Jones, Elizabeth M. Wiese, Lance R. Barrie Jan 2009

"Ice Is Crazy But If You Just Smoke A Bit Of Dope It's Not That Bad": Formative Research For A Drug-Driving Social Marketing Campaign In The Act, Sandra C. Jones, Elizabeth M. Wiese, Lance R. Barrie

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Road traffic accidents are one of the two leading specific causes of disease and injury burden in people aged 15-24 years. There are a number of factors that have been found to be associated with motor vehicle accidents and fatalities some of which (e.g., speeding and drink-driving) have been heavily targeted by social marketing campaigns and legislative actions. Drug driving has been found to be associated with motor vehicle accidents, particularly among younger drivers, but the potential for social marketing in this area has received little attention. This paper reports on a qualitative study designed to examine young drivers ...


Communication About Organ Donation Intentions: Formative Research For A Social Marketing Program Targeting Families, Sandra C. Jones, Samantha L. Reis, Kelly L. Andrews Jan 2008

Communication About Organ Donation Intentions: Formative Research For A Social Marketing Program Targeting Families, Sandra C. Jones, Samantha L. Reis, Kelly L. Andrews

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

With the introduction of the Australian Organ Donation Register (AODR), responsibility regarding organ donation decisions primarily rests with the individual. However, family members can be instrumental in facilitating or hindering the rate of organ donation by objecting to or confirming the individuals wishes. Attitudes and beliefs of family members have been shown to be a strong influence on peoples intentions to donate. Numerous studies have also demonstrated that family communication about organ donation can improve the rate of organ donation. We surveyed 23 matched pairs of undergraduate university students and their parents and found that attitudes to organ donation were ...


I Can't Believe It's Not Measurement: The Legacy Of Operationism In Social-Scientific Uses Of Numbers, George Matheson Jan 2008

I Can't Believe It's Not Measurement: The Legacy Of Operationism In Social-Scientific Uses Of Numbers, George Matheson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

What is called measurement in human sciences such as sociology is different from other uses of the term, embracing not only quantification in the strict sense, but also all kinds of scaling, ranking and even classification per se. This paper considers such habits as a legacy of the ‘Operational’ measurement theory of S. S. Stevens, wherein science meant measurement, but concepts (e.g., measurement) meant whatever we all agreed they did. Coupled with a broader cultural tendency to privilege mind over matter, this has led to great efforts to quantify the intangible, possibly at the expense of sociologically-relevant material factors ...


Social Ideological Influences On Reported Food Consumption And Bmi, Wei C. Wang, Anthony Worsley, Everada G. Cunningham Jan 2008

Social Ideological Influences On Reported Food Consumption And Bmi, Wei C. Wang, Anthony Worsley, Everada G. Cunningham

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background

The purpose of this study was to investigate relationships between ideological beliefs, perceptions of the importance of health behaviours, health attitudes, food consumption, and Body Mass Index (BMI). A behavioural model was hypothesized based on the Theory of Reasoned Action (Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975).

Methods

A survey was conducted among shoppers aged between 40 and 70 years at Eastland Shopping Centre, Melbourne, Australia. The hypothesized model was tested with this empirical data (n = 410) for younger (n = 151) and older (n = 259) age groups using structural equation modelling.

Results

The findings generally support the study hypotheses. For both groups, egalitarianism ...


Corporate Social Responsibility, Condition Branding And Ethics In Marketing, Danika Hall, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2008

Corporate Social Responsibility, Condition Branding And Ethics In Marketing, Danika Hall, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Over the past two decades there has been increased interest in corporate responsibility (CSR) and its relation to marketing practice and theory )Maignan and Ferrell, 2004: Polonsky and Jevons, 2006). This paper explores another marketing phenomena emerging from the pharmaceutical industry: condition branding (Angelmar, Angelmar and Kane, 2007: Parry, 2003). Condition branding has been positioned as a form of CSR for the industry, in that it provides education to the general public regarding diseases or conditions. However, the ethical nature of condition branding has been questioned as it is also seen as a deliberate method of increasing markets for pharmaceutical ...


Srv & Nva: Valorizing Social Roles Through Nonviolent Action, Brian Martin Jan 2006

Srv & Nva: Valorizing Social Roles Through Nonviolent Action, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Book Review: The Nation's Diet: The Social Science Of Food Choice, Linda C. Tapsell Jan 2000

Book Review: The Nation's Diet: The Social Science Of Food Choice, Linda C. Tapsell

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.