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University of Wollongong

Performance

Articles 31 - 60 of 169

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Pulse Modulated Radiofrequency Exposure Influences Cognitive Performance, Adam Verrender, Sarah P. Loughran, Anna Dalecki, Raymond J. Mckenzie, Rodney J. Croft Jan 2016

Pulse Modulated Radiofrequency Exposure Influences Cognitive Performance, Adam Verrender, Sarah P. Loughran, Anna Dalecki, Raymond J. Mckenzie, Rodney J. Croft

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Purpose: To investigate whether exposure to pulse modulated radiofrequency (PM RF) influences human cognitive performance, and whether it does so in a dose-dependent manner. Materials and methods: Thirty-six healthy adults participated in a randomized, double-blind, counterbalanced provocation study. Cognitive performance was assessed using a visual discrimination task and a modified Sternberg working memory task, which were calibrated to individual performance levels in a preliminary testing session. An sXh920 planar exposure system was used to generate a 920 MHz GSM-like signal, providing three conditions (peak-spatial SAR averaged over 10 g) of 0 W/kg (sham), 1 W/kg (low RF) and ...


Analytic Performance Model For State-Based Mac Layer Cooperative Retransmission Protocols, Brett Hagelstein, Mehran Abolhasan, Daniel R. Franklin, Farzad Safaei, Wei Ni Jan 2016

Analytic Performance Model For State-Based Mac Layer Cooperative Retransmission Protocols, Brett Hagelstein, Mehran Abolhasan, Daniel R. Franklin, Farzad Safaei, Wei Ni

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Cooperative retransmission can significantly improve link reliability over lossy and time-varying wireless links. However, comparing retransmission protocols is challenging, and generally requires simplistic assumptions specific to each protocol. In this paper, we develop a general model to evaluate cooperative retransmission protocols with distributed, slot-based contention algorithms. Specifically, we propose to calculate the relay time-out probabilities at a MAC time-slot scale, formulate retransmission outcomes as functions of the time-out probabilities, and derive the probability of a retransmission process for every data frame. We also propose a Markov extension of our model to characterise the dependency between retransmissions of multiple frames. This ...


A Strategy For Configuration Of An Integrated Flexible Sulfur Cathode For High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Hongqiang Wang, Wenchao Zhang, Hua-Kun Liu, Zaiping Guo Jan 2016

A Strategy For Configuration Of An Integrated Flexible Sulfur Cathode For High-Performance Lithium-Sulfur Batteries, Hongqiang Wang, Wenchao Zhang, Hua-Kun Liu, Zaiping Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Lithium-sulfur batteries are regarded as promising candidates for energy storage devices owing to their high theoretical energy density. The practical application is hindered, however, by low sulfur utilization and unsatisfactory capacity retention. Herein, we present a strategy for configuration of the sulfur cathode, which is composed of an integrated carbon/sulfur/carbon sandwich structure on polypropylene separator that is produced using the simple doctor-blade technique. The integrated electrode exhibits excellent flexibility and high mechanical strength. The upper and bottom carbon layers of the sandwich-structured electrode not only work as double current collectors, which effectively improve the conductivity of the electrode ...


Effect Of Cyano Dipolar Groups On The Performance Of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrospun Polyimide Gel Electrolyte Membranes, A Maceiras, A Goren, Vitor Sencadas, Carlos M. Costa, J L. Vilas, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez, L M. Leon Jan 2016

Effect Of Cyano Dipolar Groups On The Performance Of Lithium-Ion Battery Electrospun Polyimide Gel Electrolyte Membranes, A Maceiras, A Goren, Vitor Sencadas, Carlos M. Costa, J L. Vilas, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez, L M. Leon

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Three polyimide membranes (polymer 0CN, copolymers 0CN/2CN (50/50) and polymer 2CN), with and without [Formula presented] dipolar groups, have been prepared by electrospinning and evaluated as lithium-ion battery separators. The prepared membranes show average fiber diameters between 0.5 and 1.09 μm and a degree of porosity of ~ 80%. The thermal stability, uptake, tortuosity and ionic conductivity values are influenced by the presence of the [Formula presented] dipolar groups in the polyimide polymer chain. The best battery performance in LFP/Li system is obtained for the 0CN sample, which shows discharge capacity values of 149.7 mAh ...


Performance Improvement Of Rail Track Substructure Using Artificial Inclusions - Experimental And Numerical Studies, Buddhima Indraratna, Sanjay Nimbalkar, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Tim Neville Jan 2016

Performance Improvement Of Rail Track Substructure Using Artificial Inclusions - Experimental And Numerical Studies, Buddhima Indraratna, Sanjay Nimbalkar, Ngoc Trung Ngo, Tim Neville

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Large and frequent loads from heavy freight and passenger trains often lead to the progressive track deterioration. The excessive deformation and degradation of ballast and unacceptable differential settlement of track and/or pumping of underlying soft subgrade soils necessitates frequent and costly track maintenance. However, artificial inclusions such as geogrids and shockmats can mitigate ballast degradation and improve track performance. A quantitative assessment of the influence of breakage, fouling, and the effects of artificial inclusions on the shear behaviour of ballast can be performed either experimentally or numerically. Numerical modelling can simulate these aspects subject to various types of loading ...


Effects Of Salinity Build-Up On The Performance Of An Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor Regarding Basic Water Quality Parameters And Removal Of Trace Organic Contaminants, Xiaoye Song, James A. Mcdonald, William E. Price, Stuart J. Khan, Faisal I. Hai, Hao H. Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Long D. Nghiem Jan 2016

Effects Of Salinity Build-Up On The Performance Of An Anaerobic Membrane Bioreactor Regarding Basic Water Quality Parameters And Removal Of Trace Organic Contaminants, Xiaoye Song, James A. Mcdonald, William E. Price, Stuart J. Khan, Faisal I. Hai, Hao H. Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Long D. Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The effects of elevated inorganic salt concentration on anaerobic membrane bioreactor (AnMBR) treatment regarding basic biological performance and trace organic contaminant (TrOC) removal were investigated. A set of 33 TrOCs were selected to represent pharmaceuticals, steroids, and pesticides in municipal wastewater. Results show potential adverse effects of increase in the bioreactor salinity to 15 g/L (as NaCl) on the performance of AnMBR with respect to chemical oxygen demand removal, biogas production, and the removal of most hydrophilic TrOCs. Furthermore, a decrease in biomass production was observed as salinity in the bioreactor increased. The removal of most hydrophobic TrOCs was ...


Thermal Performance Evaluation And Optimal Design Of Buildings With Integrated Air-Based Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors And Phase Change Materials Using The Hooke-Jeeves Pattern Search Method, Wenye Lin, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper Jan 2016

Thermal Performance Evaluation And Optimal Design Of Buildings With Integrated Air-Based Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors And Phase Change Materials Using The Hooke-Jeeves Pattern Search Method, Wenye Lin, Zhenjun Ma, Paul Cooper

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Over the last several decades, many low energy technologies have been developed and deployed to reduce building energy consumption. Among various solutions, solar photovoltaic thermal (PVT) collectors and phase change materials (PCMs) are among the most promising methods receiving increasing attention. This paper presents a thermal performance evaluation and optimal design of buildings integrated with air-based solar PVT collectors and PCMs embedded in the building envelope by using The Hooke-Jeeves pattern search method. The Hooke-Jeeves generalized pattern search is used to search for optimal solutions of the optimization problem. The variables optimized include the PVT air flow rate, additional wall ...


Confined Sno2 Quantum-Dot Clusters In Graphene Sheets As High-Performance Anodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Chengling Zhu, Shenmin Zhu, Kai Zhang, Zeyu Hui, Hui Pan, Zhixin Chen, Yao Li, Di Zhang, Dawei Wang Jan 2016

Confined Sno2 Quantum-Dot Clusters In Graphene Sheets As High-Performance Anodes For Lithium-Ion Batteries, Chengling Zhu, Shenmin Zhu, Kai Zhang, Zeyu Hui, Hui Pan, Zhixin Chen, Yao Li, Di Zhang, Dawei Wang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Construction of metal oxide nanoparticles as anodes is of special interest for next-generation lithium-ion batteries. The main challenge lies in their rapid capacity fading caused by the structural degradation and instability of solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer during charge/discharge process. Herein, we address these problems by constructing a novel-structured SnO2-based anode. The novel structure consists of mesoporous clusters of SnO2 quantum dots (SnO2 QDs), which are wrapped with reduced graphene oxide (RGO) sheets. The mesopores inside the clusters provide enough room for the expansion and contraction of SnO2 QDs during charge/discharge process while the ...


Mechanical Fatigue Performance Of Pcl-Chondroprogenitor Constructs After Cell Culture Under Bioreactor Mechanical Stimulus, J A. Panadero, Vitor Sencadas, Sonia C.M. Silva, Clarisse Ribeiro, Vítor Correia, F M. Gama, J L. Gomez Ribelles, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez Jan 2016

Mechanical Fatigue Performance Of Pcl-Chondroprogenitor Constructs After Cell Culture Under Bioreactor Mechanical Stimulus, J A. Panadero, Vitor Sencadas, Sonia C.M. Silva, Clarisse Ribeiro, Vítor Correia, F M. Gama, J L. Gomez Ribelles, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

In tissue engineering of cartilage, polymeric scaffolds are implanted in the damaged tissue and subjected to repeated compression loading cycles. The possibility of failure due to mechanical fatigue has not been properly addressed in these scaffolds. Nevertheless, the macroporous scaffold is susceptible to failure after repeated loading- unloading cycles. This is related to inherent discontinuities in the material due to the micropore structure of the macropore walls that act as stress concentration points. In this work, chondrogenic precursor cells have been seeded in poly-e-caprolactone (PCL) scaffolds with fibrin and some were submitted to free swelling culture and others to cyclic ...


Psychological States Underlying Excellent Performance In Professional Golfers: "Letting It Happen" Vs. "Making It Happen", Christian F. Swann, Richard J. Keegan, Lee Crust, David Piggott Jan 2016

Psychological States Underlying Excellent Performance In Professional Golfers: "Letting It Happen" Vs. "Making It Happen", Christian F. Swann, Richard J. Keegan, Lee Crust, David Piggott

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives: In this study we aimed to better understand the occurrence and experience of flow in elite golf. As flow is more likely to occur during peak performances, and for elite athletes, our objectives were to: (i) identify golfers who achieved exceptional performances (e.g., winning a professional tournament), and (ii) explore if and how they experienced flow within that performance. Design: Mixed-method multiple case study. Method: Participants were 10 professional golfers (M age = 30; SD = 9.9). Performance data and participant observations informed semi-structured interviews which took place as soon as possible after an excellent performance (M = 4 days ...


Cognitive And Oculomotor Performance In Subjects With Low And High Schizotypy: Implications For Translational Drug Development Studies, Ivan Koychev, D Joyce, Emma Barkus, Ulrich Ettinger, Anne Schmechtig, Colin Dourish, Gerard Dawson, Kevin Craig, John Francis Deakin Jan 2016

Cognitive And Oculomotor Performance In Subjects With Low And High Schizotypy: Implications For Translational Drug Development Studies, Ivan Koychev, D Joyce, Emma Barkus, Ulrich Ettinger, Anne Schmechtig, Colin Dourish, Gerard Dawson, Kevin Craig, John Francis Deakin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The development of drugs to improve cognition in patients with schizophrenia is a major unmet clinical need. A number of promising compounds failed in recent clinical trials, a pattern linked to poor translation between preclinical and clinical stages of drug development. Seeking proof of efficacy in early Phase 1 studies in surrogate patient populations (for example, high schizotypy individuals where subtle cognitive impairment is present) has been suggested as a strategy to reduce attrition in the later stages of drug development. However, there is little agreement regarding the pattern of distribution of schizotypal features in the general population, creating uncertainty ...


Lean Body Mass Associated With Upper Body Strength In Healthy Older Adults While Higher Body Fat Limits Lower Extremity Performance And Endurance, Karen E. Charlton, Marijka Batterham, Kelly Langford, Jenna Lateo, Erin Brock, Karen L. Walton, Philippa M. Lyons-Wall, Katie Eisenhauer, Nick Green, Cameron Mclean Jan 2015

Lean Body Mass Associated With Upper Body Strength In Healthy Older Adults While Higher Body Fat Limits Lower Extremity Performance And Endurance, Karen E. Charlton, Marijka Batterham, Kelly Langford, Jenna Lateo, Erin Brock, Karen L. Walton, Philippa M. Lyons-Wall, Katie Eisenhauer, Nick Green, Cameron Mclean

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Impaired strength adversely influences an older person's ability to perform activities of daily living. A cross-sectional study of 117 independently living men and women (age = 73.4 9.4 year; body mass index (BMI) = 27.6 4.8 kg/m2) aimed to assess the association between body composition and: (1) upper body strength (handgrip strength, HGS); (2) lower extremity performance (timed up and go (TUG) and sit to stand test (STS)); and (3) endurance (6-minute walk (SMWT). Body composition (% fat; lean body mass (LBM)) was assessed using bioelectrical impedance. Habitual physical activity was measured using the Minnesota Leisure Time ...


Enhancing Teamwork Performance In Mobile Cloud-Based Learning, Geng Sun, Jun Shen Jan 2015

Enhancing Teamwork Performance In Mobile Cloud-Based Learning, Geng Sun, Jun Shen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Mobile cloud-based learning is a novel trend that allows collaborative learning to happen among distributed learners, but it still lacks of mechanisms to enhance teamwork performance. Combining the features of the cloud, we have identified a learning flow based on Kolb team learning experience, executed by cloud-hosting learning management systems in conjunction with our newly designed system, 'Teamwork as a Service (TaaS)'. Each of TaaS's five web services aims to organize a certain type of learning activities, providing learners with an introduction, a 'jigsaw classroom', schedule planning, and mutual supervision during the whole collaborative learning process. In particular, enabling ...


The Effect Of Geometry And Material Properties On The Performance Of A Small Hydraulic Mckibben Muscle System, Danial Sangian, Sina Naficy, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Bertrand Tondu Jan 2015

The Effect Of Geometry And Material Properties On The Performance Of A Small Hydraulic Mckibben Muscle System, Danial Sangian, Sina Naficy, Geoffrey M. Spinks, Bertrand Tondu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Fluidic McKibben artificial muscles are one of the most popular biomimetic actuators, showing similar static and dynamic performance to skeletal muscles. In particular, their pneumatic version offers high-generated force, high speed and high strain in comparison to other actuators. This paper investigates the development of a small-size, fully enclosed, hydraulic McKibben muscle powered by a low voltage pump. Hydraulic McKibben muscles with an outside diameter of 6 mm and a length ranging from 35 mm to 80 mm were investigated. These muscles are able to generate forces up to 26 N, strains up to 23%, power to mass of 30 ...


Facile Synthesis Of Coaxial Cnts/Mnox-Carbon Hybrid Nanofibers And Their Greatly Enhanced Lithium Storage Performance, Zunxian Yang, Jun Lv, Haidong Pang, Wenhuan Yan, Kun Qian, Tailiang Guo, Zaiping Guo Jan 2015

Facile Synthesis Of Coaxial Cnts/Mnox-Carbon Hybrid Nanofibers And Their Greatly Enhanced Lithium Storage Performance, Zunxian Yang, Jun Lv, Haidong Pang, Wenhuan Yan, Kun Qian, Tailiang Guo, Zaiping Guo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs)/MnOx-Carbon hybrid nanofibers have been successfully synthesized by the combination of a liquid chemical redox reaction (LCRR) and a subsequent carbonization heat treatment. The nanostructures exhibit a unique one-dimensional core/shell architecture, with one-dimensional CNTs encapsulated inside and a MnOx-carbon composite nanoparticle layer on the outside. The particular porous characteristics with many meso/micro holes/pores, the highly conductive one-dimensional CNT core, as well as the encapsulating carbon matrix on the outside of the MnOx nanoparticles, lead to excellent electrochemical performance of the electrode. The CNTs/MnOx-Carbon hybrid nanofibers exhibit a ...


On The Performance Of Online And Offline Green Path Establishment Techniques, Alejandro Ruiz-Rivera, Kwan-Wu Chin, Sieteng Soh, Raad Raad Jan 2015

On The Performance Of Online And Offline Green Path Establishment Techniques, Alejandro Ruiz-Rivera, Kwan-Wu Chin, Sieteng Soh, Raad Raad

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

To date, significant effort has gone into designing green traffic engineering (TE) techniques that consolidate traffic onto the minimal number of links/switches/routers during off-peak periods. However, little works exist that aim to green Multi-Protocol Label Switching (MPLS) capable networks. Critically, no work has studied the performance of green label switched paths (LSPs) establishment methods in terms of energy savings and acceptance rates. Henceforth, we add to the current state-of-the-art by studying green online and offline (LSP) establishment methods. Online methods rely only on past and current LSP requests while offline ones act as a theoretical benchmark whereby they ...


Antibacterial Performance Of Bovine Lactoferrin-Fish Gelatine Electrospun Membranes, J Padrão, Raul Machado, Margarida Casal, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez, L R. Rodrigues, F Dourado, Vitor Sencadas Jan 2015

Antibacterial Performance Of Bovine Lactoferrin-Fish Gelatine Electrospun Membranes, J Padrão, Raul Machado, Margarida Casal, Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez, L R. Rodrigues, F Dourado, Vitor Sencadas

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The increase of antibiotic resistant microorganisms urged the development and synthesis of novel antimicrobial biomaterials to be employed in a broad range of applications, ranging from food packaging to medical devices. This work describes the production and characterization of a protein-based electrospun fibrous membranes bearing antimicrobial properties. Its composition is exclusively comprised of proteins, with fish gelatine as structural matrix and bovine lactoferrin (bLF) as the active antimicrobial agent. The bLF bactericidal effect was determined against clinical isolates of Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus through microdilution assays. Two distinctive methods were used to incorporate bLF into the fish gelatine nanofibres ...


Using Solar Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors In Phase Change Materials Enhanced Buildings For Thermal Performance Management, Zhenjun Ma, Wenye Lin, Mohammed I. Sohel Jan 2015

Using Solar Photovoltaic Thermal Collectors In Phase Change Materials Enhanced Buildings For Thermal Performance Management, Zhenjun Ma, Wenye Lin, Mohammed I. Sohel

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents the investigation of using air-based solar photovoltaic thermal (PVT) collectors in phase change materials (PCMs) enhanced buildings for effective thermal management. PVT collectors are used to generate electricity and provide low grade heating energy to buildings for winter space heating. PCMs are either integrated into building walls to increase the local thermal mass or used as a temporary centralized thermal storage to store the low grade thermal energy derived from the PVT collectors. The thermal performance of buildings due to the integration of the PVT collectors and PCMs is tested and evaluated through computer simulations. It is ...


Defining Elite Athletes: Issues In The Study Of Expert Performance In Sport Psychology, Christian F. Swann, Aidan Moran, David Piggott Jan 2015

Defining Elite Athletes: Issues In The Study Of Expert Performance In Sport Psychology, Christian F. Swann, Aidan Moran, David Piggott

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives: There has been considerable inconsistency and confusion in the definition of elite/expert athletes in sport psychology research, which has implications for studies conducted in this area and for the field as a whole. This study aimed to: (i) critically evaluate the ways in which recent research in sport psychology has defined elite/expert athletes; (ii) explore the rationale for using such athletes; and (iii) evaluate the conclusions that research in this field draws about the nature of expertise. Design: Conventional systematic review principles were employed to conduct a rigorous search and synthesise findings. Methods: A comprehensive literature search ...


Osmotic Dilution For Sustainable Greenwall Irrigation By Liquid Fertilizer: Performance And Implications, Ming Xie, Mingxin Zheng, Paul Cooper, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem, Menachem Elimelech Jan 2015

Osmotic Dilution For Sustainable Greenwall Irrigation By Liquid Fertilizer: Performance And Implications, Ming Xie, Mingxin Zheng, Paul Cooper, William E. Price, Long D. Nghiem, Menachem Elimelech

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A novel osmotic dilution process using commercial liquid fertilizer for greenwall irrigation was evaluated. In this process, clean water was extracted from raw sewage by forward osmosis (FO) using a well-balanced, all-purpose commercial liquid fertilizer as draw solution. The diluted liquid fertilizer can then be used for direct sustainable greenwall irrigation. Our results show that the presence of organic matter in the liquid fertilizer draw solution did not compromise FO membrane performance. No discernible changes in water flux and key membrane transport parameters (pure water permeability coefficient, A, and salt (NaCl) permeability coefficient, B) were observed when the organic matter ...


Exact Error Performance Analysis Of Binary Space-Time Block Coded Cooperative Communications Systems In Rayleigh Fading Channels, Le Chung Tran, Zixuan Lin, Farzad Safaei, Alfred Mertins, Duy T. Ngo Jan 2015

Exact Error Performance Analysis Of Binary Space-Time Block Coded Cooperative Communications Systems In Rayleigh Fading Channels, Le Chung Tran, Zixuan Lin, Farzad Safaei, Alfred Mertins, Duy T. Ngo

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Cooperative communications using the Alamouti space-time block code (STBC) has been mentioned intensively. However, to our knowledge, an in-depth error performance analysis for a space-time coded cooperative communications system, where each node acts as both a source node and a relay node for its partner, has not been reported. Intuitively, cooperative communications would not always be better than direct transmission, but only under certain conditions. This paper first derives an exact performance analysis of the Alamouti STBC cooperative communications for a Binary Phase Shift Keying (BPSK) constellation, which could be extended to a higher density modulation scheme. This mathematical analysis ...


A Fe/Fe3o4/N-Carbon Composite With Hierarchical Porous Structure And In Situ Formed N-Doped Graphene-Like Layers For High-Performance Lithium Ion Batteries, Yao Li, Qing Meng, Shenmin Zhu, Zeng-Hui Sun, Hao Yang, Zhixin Chen, Chengling Zhu, Zaiping Guo, Di Zhang Jan 2015

A Fe/Fe3o4/N-Carbon Composite With Hierarchical Porous Structure And In Situ Formed N-Doped Graphene-Like Layers For High-Performance Lithium Ion Batteries, Yao Li, Qing Meng, Shenmin Zhu, Zeng-Hui Sun, Hao Yang, Zhixin Chen, Chengling Zhu, Zaiping Guo, Di Zhang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Fe/Fe3O4/N-carbon composite consisting of a porous carbon matrix containing a highly conductive N-doped graphene-like network and Fe/Fe3O4 nanoparticles was prepared. The porous carbon has a hierarchical structure which is inherited from rice husk and the N-doped graphene-like network formed in situ. When used as an anode material for lithium batteries, the composite delivered a reversible capacity of approximately 610 mA h g(-1) at a current density of 200 mA g(-1) even after 100 cycles, due to the synergism between the unique hierarchical porous structures, highly electrically conductive N-doped graphene- like networks and nanosized particles of ...


Performance And Erp Components In The Equiprobable Go/No-Go Task: Inhibition In Children, Robert J. Barry, Frances De Blasio Jan 2015

Performance And Erp Components In The Equiprobable Go/No-Go Task: Inhibition In Children, Robert J. Barry, Frances De Blasio

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The equiprobable go/no-go task lacks the dominant go imperative found in the usual go/no-go task, and hence we previously regarded it as involving little inhibition. However, children have relative difficulty with this task, and demonstrate large frontal no-go N2s. We investigated whether this child N2 plays an inhibitory role, using performance measures to illuminate the link between N2 and inhibition. Forty children aged 8 to 13 were presented with four stimulus blocks each containing 75 go and 75 no-go tone stimuli in random order. A temporal PCA with unrestricted varimax rotation quantified the mean go and no-go ERP ...


A Combined Experimental And Simulation Method For Appraising The Energy Performance Of Green Roofs In Ningbo's Chinese Climate, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Jo Darkwa, Kate Yuan Jan 2014

A Combined Experimental And Simulation Method For Appraising The Energy Performance Of Green Roofs In Ningbo's Chinese Climate, Georgios Kokogiannakis, Jo Darkwa, Kate Yuan

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A passive means of lowering the energy demand of buildings is the application of green roofs. The complexity between heat and moisture exchanges in green roof layers and the large variations of green roof types make the need for experimental or simulation assessments necessary for quantifying the energy benefits from green roofs. The current treatment of green roofs in simulation programs is either over-simplistic, for example by ignoring heat and moisture exchanges such as evapotranspiration, or the more advanced models have limitations and require inputs that are rarely available in practice. In this paper a combination of experimental and modelling ...


Investigating The Optimal Passive And Active Vibration Controls Of Adjacent Buildings Based On Performance Indices Using Genetic Algorithms, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Mehmet Uz Jan 2014

Investigating The Optimal Passive And Active Vibration Controls Of Adjacent Buildings Based On Performance Indices Using Genetic Algorithms, Muhammad N. S Hadi, Mehmet Uz

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This study proposes the optimal passive and active damper parameters for achieving the best results in seismic response mitigation of coupled buildings connected to each other by dampers. The optimisation to minimise the H2 and H- norms in the performance indices is carried out by genetic algorithms (GAs). The final passive and active damper parameters are checked for adjacent buildings connected to each other under El Centro NS 1940 and Kobe NS 1995 excitations. Using real coded GA in H- norm, the optimal controller gain is obtained by different combinations of the measurement as the feedback for designing the control ...


Graphene Cryogel Papers With Enhanced Mechanical Strength For High Performance Lithium Battery Anodes, Kewei Shu, Caiyun Wang, Meng Wang, Chen Zhao, Gordon G. Wallace Jan 2014

Graphene Cryogel Papers With Enhanced Mechanical Strength For High Performance Lithium Battery Anodes, Kewei Shu, Caiyun Wang, Meng Wang, Chen Zhao, Gordon G. Wallace

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

A porous graphene paper was prepared by pressing a graphene cryogel, followed by thermal reduction at 220 °C. The cryogel was formed by freeze-drying a solution containing chemically reduced graphene and graphene oxide (CRG/GO). The formed graphene cryogel papers deliver a much higher discharge capacity and rate capability than that from conventional graphene papers fabricated by filtration. These new structures have a discharge capacity higher than 400 mA h g−1 at a current density of 2000 mA g−1 in sharp contrast to 229 mA h g−1 at 50 mA g−1 obtained from conventional graphene papers ...


Self-Determination Theory And Teacher Instruction: A Positive Partnership For Student Performance And Involvement, Dana Perlman Jan 2014

Self-Determination Theory And Teacher Instruction: A Positive Partnership For Student Performance And Involvement, Dana Perlman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of distinct motivationally-based instructional approaches on student's game performance and involvement. 78 secondary physical education students were taught a unit of volleyball using one in either an autonomy-supportive, controlling or balanced instructional style. Using a pretest and posttest design, students were measured on their game performance and involvement during 20-minute game of volleyball. Data analysis indicated that students engaged in the autonomy-supportive context illustrated significantly higher levels of performance and involvement when compared with the other groups.


Learning To Teach Grammatics: A Multimodal Ensemble Performance, Pauline T. Jones Jan 2014

Learning To Teach Grammatics: A Multimodal Ensemble Performance, Pauline T. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The paper will briefly discuss the recent Australian curriculum reform with respect to the explicit teaching about language and some of the challenges inherent in the processes of implementing a grammatics. It then describes recent work with teachers as they engage with the functionally oriented English curriculum, in particular one teacher's work as she redesigns her pedagogy to accommodate the new curriculum in the early years of school. The paper argues the importance of teacher's pedagogic knowledge in the successful implementation of a grammatics curriculum but suggests that we do not fully understand the nature of such knowledge ...


Sludge Cycling Between Aerobic, Anoxic And Anaerobic Regimes To Reduce Sludge Production During Wastewater Treatment: Performance, Mechanisms, And Implications, Galilee Semblante, Faisal Ibney Hai, Huu H. Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Sheng-Jie You, William Price, Long Nghiem Jan 2014

Sludge Cycling Between Aerobic, Anoxic And Anaerobic Regimes To Reduce Sludge Production During Wastewater Treatment: Performance, Mechanisms, And Implications, Galilee Semblante, Faisal Ibney Hai, Huu H. Ngo, Wenshan Guo, Sheng-Jie You, William Price, Long Nghiem

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Alternate cycling of sludge in aerobic, anoxic, and anaerobic regimes is a promising strategy that can reduce the sludge yield of conventional activated sludge (CAS) by up to 50% with potentially lower capital and operating cost than physical- and/or chemical-based sludge minimisation techniques. The mechanisms responsible for reducing sludge yield include alterations to cellular metabolism and feeding behaviour (metabolic uncoupling, feasting/fasting, and endogenous decay), biological floc destruction, and predation on bacteria by higher organisms. Though discrepancies across various studies are recognisable, it is apparent that sludge retention time, oxygen-reduction potential of the anaerobic tank, temperature, sludge return ratio ...


Performance Of Adjustable Speed Drives Subject To Regular Voltage Fluctuations, Kun Zhao, Philip Ciufo, Sarath Perera Jan 2014

Performance Of Adjustable Speed Drives Subject To Regular Voltage Fluctuations, Kun Zhao, Philip Ciufo, Sarath Perera

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The impact of power quality disturbances on customer equipment has been a topic of interest to equipment manufacturers, electricity utilities, customers and to those involved in the development of electromagnetic compatibility standards. Recently, a new interest has developed in the possible impact of voltage fluctuations on customer equipment because of suggestions to relax voltage fluctuation limits and hence the flicker limits in power systems. With a view to contribute to this understanding, this paper investigates the performance of an adjustable speed drive (ASD) when subjected to sinusoidal regular voltage fluctuations. When the ASD is operating in open loop mode, the ...