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University of Wollongong

2007

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Articles 1 - 30 of 575

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Expressions Of The Calabrian Diaspora In Calabrian Australian Writing, Gaetano Rando Dec 2007

Expressions Of The Calabrian Diaspora In Calabrian Australian Writing, Gaetano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This chapter is an exhaustive study of literary works, memoirs, theatre and film produced by first and second generation Calabrian Australians.


Italian Australian Studies: A (Post)Colonial Perspective, Gerry Turcotte, Gaetano Rando Dec 2007

Italian Australian Studies: A (Post)Colonial Perspective, Gerry Turcotte, Gaetano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This chapter introduces the volume and discusses related theoretical issues. This volume seeks to map an understanding of the Italian experience onto the broader picture of diasporic stories, though with an anchor in the Australian-Italian experience. It brings together key essays and testimonials that frame a picture of Italy’s rich legacy at “home”, in Europe more widely, and in the (post)colonial sphere, with a particular emphasis on the Australian experience. The essays collected here focus on the way an Italian Australian story has emerged and evolved in its own unique way. In some respects it might be possible ...


The Convergence Of Ifrs In China: A View On The Influence Of Political Ideology On Chinese Accounting Profession, Y. Zhang, J. Andrew, H. W. Collier Dec 2007

The Convergence Of Ifrs In China: A View On The Influence Of Political Ideology On Chinese Accounting Profession, Y. Zhang, J. Andrew, H. W. Collier

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A historical perspective lens may be useful to help people understand the world of accounting and accounting research. Some believe that the role that accounting plays in current society could be better understood by reviewing its historical association with the institutionalization development within which it operates. Accounting as it is practiced in capitalist system has been predominately viewed as a technical and context-free activity. However, if a meta-level concern addressing broad structural and institutional environment from which accounting emanated is absent, there must be doubt that the conventional accounting can claim to be comprehensible and to contain true information. This ...


Leaders Can Learn To Change; Some Do: A Qualitative Study, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones Dec 2007

Leaders Can Learn To Change; Some Do: A Qualitative Study, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The behaviour of organisational subordinates is significantly affected by the attitudes and actions of their supervisor. By changing themselves, leaders can therefore have a crucial impact not only on the behaviour of their subordinates but also on the extent to which those subordinates perceive that they are achieving their organisational potential. This paper presents a conceptual model of the process through which organisational leaders can attempt to change themselves with the objective of changing the behaviour of their subordinates. Using a grounded methodology, data has been collected and analysed from a large Australian public sector bureaucracy by means of participant ...


Information And Computer Technology Security: Furthering The Research Agenda, Karin Garrety, M Barrett Dec 2007

Information And Computer Technology Security: Furthering The Research Agenda, Karin Garrety, M Barrett

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Despite the development of advanced technical devices and procedures, the information held in computer systems remains vulnerable to attack and/or inadvertent mishandling, resulting in security breaches. Increasingly, researchers and practitioners are recognising that information security is not merely a technical issue, but is heavily influenced by social and cultural factors. This paper argues that post-cognitivist approaches to human computer interaction, which focus on situated reasoning and the contextual, relational aspects of computer-mediated activities and interactions, provide a promising set of concepts with which to explore non-technical users’ everyday security practices and beliefs. We review the limited research that has ...


Sharing Teaching Resources, Russ Pennell Dec 2007

Sharing Teaching Resources, Russ Pennell

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

UOW established a digital repository (or CMS) in 2006 to manage and deliver digital learning resources, for use initially by the UOW's Graduate School of Medicine (GSM) and delivered through Blackboard Vista. The system (Equella by TLE) is also intended to advance teaching in UOW through the sharing of teaching resources.


Student-Centred Teaching Of Accounting To Engineering Students: Comparing Blended Learning And Traditional Approaches, A. Abraham Dec 2007

Student-Centred Teaching Of Accounting To Engineering Students: Comparing Blended Learning And Traditional Approaches, A. Abraham

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Blended learning is growing in popularity, but there is conflicting empirical evidence in relation to how it affects students’ exam marks and final grades. This paper compares a blended learning approach to the traditional delivery of an accounting subject to engineering students. Data was collected from two cohorts of students over two semesters and analysed to determine whether the students who were exposed to the blended environment displayed increased participation in a non-compulsory learning task and higher marks in both in-session and final examinations. Results indicated significant improvements in every area, supplying valuable evidence that the adoption of a blended ...


Cities Of Innovation: Exploring The Role Of Local Community Organisations In ‘Constructing Advantage’, Samuel E. Garrett-Jones, Michael Gross, Gregory Kerr, S. Kotevski, S. Zaeemdar Dec 2007

Cities Of Innovation: Exploring The Role Of Local Community Organisations In ‘Constructing Advantage’, Samuel E. Garrett-Jones, Michael Gross, Gregory Kerr, S. Kotevski, S. Zaeemdar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Cities and regions around the world are attempting to ‘construct advantage’ by intervening to create knowledge- and innovation-based economic and social development. This paper considers the rationale for such intervention and in particular reviews the concept of ‘community innovation organisations’ by exploring their definition, origins, and purpose. It develops a classification of local innovation actors and their functions. We argue that the contribution of community based organisations to local innovation-based economic and social development has been largely overlooked in Australia by comparison with studies and initiatives in Europe and North America. We propose a programme of empirical research to assess ...


Encouraging Role Based Online Learning Environments, Sandra Wills, E. Devonshire, Elyssebeth Leigh, E. Rosser, J. Shepherd, A. Vincent Dec 2007

Encouraging Role Based Online Learning Environments, Sandra Wills, E. Devonshire, Elyssebeth Leigh, E. Rosser, J. Shepherd, A. Vincent

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This paper reports on progress in the first year of a two year project called Project EnROLE (Encouraging Role Based Online Learning Environments) which is funded by the Carrick Institute for Learning & Teaching in Higher Education in Australia. The project aims to link a small but growing number of university teachers who are using online role play, building them into a community via three strategies: developing a repository of sharable/reusable role play learning designs with an associated peer review process; facilitating evaluation and publication of papers about their role plays (for example the role play stream at this conference); and establishing sustainable national and international role play partnerships. The project also aims to double the number of online role play designers in two years by scaffolding beginners in a four stage process before designing their own role play: awareness raising; participating in another designer’s role play; evaluating ...


Internet Domains Between China And India: Beyond Anglophone Paradigms, Mark J. Mclelland Dec 2007

Internet Domains Between China And India: Beyond Anglophone Paradigms, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper critiques the current Anglophone bias in much Internet studies research and argues for an internationalization of Internet studies that takes account of the different histories, technologies and trajectories of Internet development in an Asian context.


Mai Lontan Dal Cuore — Manifestazioni E Trasmutazioni Del Rapporto Con Il Paese Di Origine, Gaetano Rando, Gerry Turcotte Dec 2007

Mai Lontan Dal Cuore — Manifestazioni E Trasmutazioni Del Rapporto Con Il Paese Di Origine, Gaetano Rando, Gerry Turcotte

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The field of Italian Australian studies is both diverse and dynamic. It has embraced topics from outside its “traditional” ambit and has identified new areas of concern to scholars in the field. This volume examines from a post-colonial perspective one of the many and varied cultural practices — the creation of literary texts — established by migrants from Sicily and Calabria who constitute the two major Italian regional groups in Australia. In re-creating aspects of their inhabited past in their new frontier thereby lessening the threat of loss and reconciling their past with their present, these migrants have created a dynamic hybrid ...


Cronotopi Del Paese Natio E Di Quello D’Adozione Nella Poesia E La Narrativa Calabroaustraliana, Gitano Rando Dec 2007

Cronotopi Del Paese Natio E Di Quello D’Adozione Nella Poesia E La Narrativa Calabroaustraliana, Gitano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Il saggio di Gaetano Rando prende lo spunto dal lavoro fondamentale di Pasquino Crupi che maestralmente indica la strada non solo per lo studio della cultura letteraria calabroitaliana ma anche la produzione letteraria e culturale dei Calabresi nel mondo, Australia compresa. In contrapposizione agli studi precedenti sulla letteratura italoaustraliana che hanno trattato il fenomeno nei suoi aspetti globali il saggio di Rando propone un esame capillare dei tratti distintivi e delle esperienze localizzate che segnano la produzione letteraria degli scrittori di origine calabrese. Collegando tale produzione al concetto bakhtiniano del cronotopo che si basa sull’idea che le dimensioni spaziali ...


Expanding The Pool Of Volunteers: Enticing Ethnic Minorities To Become More Involved, Melanie J. Randle, Sara Dolnicar Dec 2007

Expanding The Pool Of Volunteers: Enticing Ethnic Minorities To Become More Involved, Melanie J. Randle, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In Australia the value of volunteering runs into the tens of billions of dollars each year. The multicultural nature of Australia has resulted in greater heterogeneity amongst volunteers; however minorities are still under-represented in mainstream volunteering. Using the Theory of Planned Behaviour to structure the study, the volunteering behaviour of ethnic minorities is investigated. All three constructs are found to be relevant for volunteering; however, the role that each construct plays varies between ethnic groups. Findings are significant for managers trying to attract volunteers from different ethnic groups because marketing messages can be targeted to the factors most influential in ...


On Foxes Becoming Gamekeepers: The Capture Of Professional Regulation By The Australian Accounting Profession, Graham Bowrey, Brian Murphy, Ciorstan J. Smark, T. Watts Dec 2007

On Foxes Becoming Gamekeepers: The Capture Of Professional Regulation By The Australian Accounting Profession, Graham Bowrey, Brian Murphy, Ciorstan J. Smark, T. Watts

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

There are such persons as liars, damned liars and experts, and there are accountants, bad accountants, and worse accountants. (Debate on the introduction of the Public Accountants Registration Act, New South Wales Parliament, 1944, p. 856) Both the state and the professions have an important interest in safeguarding the quality of service and the protection of the public with respect to the provision of professional services. In the main, the states focus on professional performance and accountability, and the professions emphasise the maintenance of quality and improvement in the skills of members. With respect to the accounting profession the state ...


Role Of Group A Streptococcus Htra In The Maturation Of Speb Protease, J. N. Cole, J. A. Aquilina, P. G. Hains, A. Henningham, K. S. Sriprakash, M. G. Caparon, V. Nizet, M. Kotb, S. J. Cordwell, S. P. Djordjevic, Mark J. Walker Dec 2007

Role Of Group A Streptococcus Htra In The Maturation Of Speb Protease, J. N. Cole, J. A. Aquilina, P. G. Hains, A. Henningham, K. S. Sriprakash, M. G. Caparon, V. Nizet, M. Kotb, S. J. Cordwell, S. P. Djordjevic, Mark J. Walker

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The serine protease HtrA (DegP) of the human pathogen Streptococcus pyogenes (group A Streptococcus; GAS) is localized to the ExPortal secretory microdomain and is reportedly essential for the maturation of cysteine protease SpeB. Here we utilize HSC5 (M5 serotype) and the in-frame isogenic mutant HSC5ΔhtrA to determine whether HtrA contributes to the maturation of other GAS virulence determinants. Mutanolysin cell wall extracts and secreted proteins were arrayed by 2-DE and identified by MALDI-TOF PMF analysis. HSC5ΔhtrA had elevated levels of cell wall-associated M protein, whilst the supernatant had higher concentrations of M protein fragments and a reduced amount of mature ...


Changing Cultures Of Water In Eastern Australian Backyard Gardens, Lesley M. Head, Pat Muir Dec 2007

Changing Cultures Of Water In Eastern Australian Backyard Gardens, Lesley M. Head, Pat Muir

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Research into diverse cultural understandings of water provides important contributions to the pressing global issue of sustainable supply, particularly when combined with analysis of relationships between everyday household practice and larger sociotechnical networks of storage and distribution. Here we analyse semi-structured interviews with 298 people about their 241 backyards in the Australian east coast cities of Sydney and Wollongong, undertaken during the 2002-03 drought. Water emerged as an important issue in both consciousness and practice. In contrast to a number of other environmental issues which stimulate more polarised responses, a commitment to reducing water consumption was shared across the study ...


Updating And 'Future-Proofing' A Rich Computer Aided Language Learning Resource, Ray Stace Nov 2007

Updating And 'Future-Proofing' A Rich Computer Aided Language Learning Resource, Ray Stace

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

A collaborative partnership that endured over nine years resulted in the establishment of a rich computer-based resource of language learning materials. While the linguistic content, the design and the activities did not age, the platform and application used to deliver were both reaching the end of their life-time. In the case of the former, Apple Computer was moving to a new operating System in OS X and at the same time, their HyperCard application was not going to be supported through the OS change and would thus fade away. All CALL resources that had been developed were Apple OS and ...


Community Engagement As A Cornerstone Enabling Learning And Teaching And Research In The Post Modern World, Robbie Collins, Owen Curtis, Sue Curtis, Laurie Stevenson Nov 2007

Community Engagement As A Cornerstone Enabling Learning And Teaching And Research In The Post Modern World, Robbie Collins, Owen Curtis, Sue Curtis, Laurie Stevenson

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This paper demonstrates how community engagement can provide a cornerstone enabling research and learning and teaching to meet the challenges of relativity and uncertainty in a post modern world. In the field of education, the question of relevance is a constant criticism. If relevance is to be achieved, research and learning and teaching need to be interwoven with community and community concerns, in ways that enhance the outcomes for all stakeholders. The paper examines an academic’s university community engagement practice from a reflexive and cross disciplinary perspective. It seeks to identify the characteristics and qualities that define successful university ...


Exploring The Values Orientations Of International Accounting Students: Implications For Educators, A. Abraham Nov 2007

Exploring The Values Orientations Of International Accounting Students: Implications For Educators, A. Abraham

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The internationalisation of accounting education has grown significantly over the last decade, with Australia now being the third largest provider of international degrees. This internationalisation has brought benefits to both students and academics by widening their understandings and perspectives of other countries and cultures. The diversity has also provided a basis for researching the impact of culture on student’s approaches to teaching and learning. However, no study to date has measured and analysed the tensions that exist between the cultural values of students and educators. This paper reports an exploratory study of postgraduate students enrolled in a foundation accounting ...


The Equator Principles, Project Finance And The Challenge Of Social And Environmental Responsibility, Jane Andrew Nov 2007

The Equator Principles, Project Finance And The Challenge Of Social And Environmental Responsibility, Jane Andrew

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The Equator Principles, launched in 2003 and revamped in 2006, are a set of voluntary principles designed to help private lenders make socially and environmentally responsible project financing decisions. This paper explores the impact of these principles on the disclosures of two signatory banks, focusing on type of information disclosures that have resulted and the substance of these disclosures. The work considers whether it is possible to ascertain from publicly available information how the practices of the banks may have changed in order to focus on their stated social and environmental responsibilities. It is concluded that although the Equator Principles ...


Knowledge Mobilisation In Communities Through Socio-Technical System, Helen M. Hasan, Kate Crawford Nov 2007

Knowledge Mobilisation In Communities Through Socio-Technical System, Helen M. Hasan, Kate Crawford

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Enterprises in both the public and private sector undertake knowledge management (KM) initiatives through which they hope to engender a new, more adaptive and flexible culture of learning and innovation in their organisations. Creative activities involving social learning and innovation are, however, more common in less formal entities such as communities of practice at work and community service organisations in civil society. This paper presents the results and implications of collaborative research into the understanding, development and evaluation of socio-technical systems (STS) designed to mobilise collective knowledge in diverse community settings. The research concerns information and communications (ICT)-mediated activities ...


Capturing The Complex Nature Of Learning To Teach In The Outdoors: A Case Study, T. Philpot, Tonia Gray Nov 2007

Capturing The Complex Nature Of Learning To Teach In The Outdoors: A Case Study, T. Philpot, Tonia Gray

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper introduces a research methodology designed to capture the complexities of learning to teach outdoor education. Theories ranging from teacher education, adventure education and experiential education have guided the development of the study. The purpose of this paper is to explain a research methodology which has been applied to an outdoor setting. The paper begins with a brief overview of the context of outdoor teacher education in Australia and provides a description of the research methods used within the case study. The paper highlights the need for further research on preservice outdoor teacher pedagogical practices in order to support ...


Toolkit For Managing Virtual Teams, Grace Mccarthy Nov 2007

Toolkit For Managing Virtual Teams, Grace Mccarthy

Sydney Business School - Papers

Leaders in multi-national organisations have to work with team members in many different locations, with few if any face to face meetings. This poses problems for leaders used to working face to face. This article briefly reviews the literature, finding some consensus that leadership is significant in managing virtual teams but that the practices adopted by leaders need to be adapted, that trust is one of the key predictors of success, and that technology and training also help improve performance of virtual teams.


Outsourcing Open Access: Digital Commons At The University Of Wollongong, Australia, Helen E. Mandl, Michael K. Organ Nov 2007

Outsourcing Open Access: Digital Commons At The University Of Wollongong, Australia, Helen E. Mandl, Michael K. Organ

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

In October 2005 the University of Wollongong gave approval for the implementation of an institutional repository utilising Proquest’s Digital Commons software, the first such instance in Australia. The project sought, over a 2 year period, to make available online a significant portion of the university’s research output for the years 2000-5. It was envisaged that improved accessibility to journal articles and conference papers would assist in enhancing the research reputation of the university. This paper outlines why Digital Commons, re-branded as Research Online (ro.uow.edu.au), was chosen rather than an open source software solution. Issues arising ...


Wollongong: From Bunker To Beauty, Felicity Mcgregor Nov 2007

Wollongong: From Bunker To Beauty, Felicity Mcgregor

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

A transformation is taking place at the University of Wollongong Library. An extension to the building is adding 2,000 square metres of space across three floors and visually changing the façade from a heavy bunker to a light-filled, transparent space. As the extension project progresses, the impact on both the exterior and interior are increasingly evident. The pebblecrete slabs that were suspended over the top floor and appeared to press the brick walls into the ground have been removed. A number of small shrubs and trees obscuring the building have gone. A soaring portico roof now provides shade for ...


Value For Money? Neoliberalism And New South Wales Prisons, Jane Andrew, D. Cahill Oct 2007

Value For Money? Neoliberalism And New South Wales Prisons, Jane Andrew, D. Cahill

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The NSW prison sector has undergone considerable reform over the last ten years. The NSW government now oversee the operation of publicly managed prisons, one privately managed prison and a number of new public prisons operating under the new ‘Way Forward’ management model. In order to establish which approach to prison management offered the best value for money, the NSW government undertook a ‘value for money’ assessment in 2005. In this paper, we argue the cost accounting information used in the assessment process was limited and partial, and provided a poor basis on which to form policy. Even so, the ...


Site-Directed Mutations In The C-Terminal Extension Of Human Αb-Crystallin Affect Chaperone Function And Block Amyloid Fibril Formation, T. M. Treweek, Heath Ecroyd, D. M. Williams, S. Meehan, J. A. Carver, M. J. Walker Oct 2007

Site-Directed Mutations In The C-Terminal Extension Of Human Αb-Crystallin Affect Chaperone Function And Block Amyloid Fibril Formation, T. M. Treweek, Heath Ecroyd, D. M. Williams, S. Meehan, J. A. Carver, M. J. Walker

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease are associated with inappropriate protein deposition and ordered amyloid fibril assembly. Molecular chaperones, including αBcrystallin, play a role in the prevention of protein deposition. A series of site-directed mutants of the human molecular chaperone, αB-crystallin, were constructed which focused on the flexible C-terminal extension of the protein. We investigated the structural role of this region as well as its role in the chaperone function of αB-crystallin under different types of protein aggregation, i.e. disordered amorphous aggregation and ordered amyloid fibril assembly. It was found that mutation of lysine and glutamic acid residues ...


Management Control Systems Framework For R&D Organisation: A New Approach, Parulian Silaen, Robert Williams Oct 2007

Management Control Systems Framework For R&D Organisation: A New Approach, Parulian Silaen, Robert Williams

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The Research and Development (R&D) organisations by the nature of business activities will have to deal with higher level of uncertainty than that of a non R&D organisation. This has an effect on the organisational goal setting (Chenhall, 2003), planning system (McCaskey, 1974), and control systems (Hopwood, 1972; Simons, 1987; Williams et al, 1990; Chenhall, 2003, Bisbe and Otley, 2004). Therefore, question had been raised regarding the suitability of existing management control systems for such organisations (Cooper et. al., 1981; Abernethy & Stoelwinder, 1991; Chenhall, 2003). In recent years there has been an increasing interest on investigating the management control systems (MCS) in relation to R&D activities (Rockness & Shields, 1984; Tatikonda and Rosenthal, 2000; Ditillo, 2004). The major objective of this study is to propose a MCS framework for a R&D organisation in the light of four key elements of MCS, namely Desired Ends, Actors, Control Implementation, and Control Tools. The study concludes that the use of those elements may differ between low and high level of uncertainty that an organisation deals with. Two sub elements of Desired Ends (Directional and Yardstick) identified in this study are found to be complementary in a low level of uncertainty while the emphasis need to be placed on Directional under a high uncertainty situation. The consideration regarding Actor, in which the study identified five sub elements; Behavioural, Motivation, Domination, Decision Space, and Power Source are also different along the level of uncertainty of the environment ...


Increased Probiotic Yogurt Or Resistant Starch Intake Does Not Affect Isoflavone Bioavailability In Subjects Consuming A High Soy Diet, Theresa A. Larkin, William E. Price, Lee B. Astheimer Oct 2007

Increased Probiotic Yogurt Or Resistant Starch Intake Does Not Affect Isoflavone Bioavailability In Subjects Consuming A High Soy Diet, Theresa A. Larkin, William E. Price, Lee B. Astheimer

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Objective: Probiotics and prebiotics that affect gut microflora balance and its associated enzymeactivity may contribute to interindividual variation in isoflavone absorption after soy intake, possiblyenhancing isoflavone bioavailability. This study examined the effects of the consumption ofbioactive yogurt (a probiotic) or resistant starch (a known prebiotic) in combination with high soyintake on soy isoflavone bioavailability.Methods: Using a crossover design, chronic soy consumption was compared with soy plusprobiotic yogurt or resistant starch in older male and postmenopausal females (n 31). Isoflavonebioavailability was assessed at the beginning and end of each 5-wk dietary period by samplingplasma and urine after a standardized soy ...


The Effect Of Funding Changes On Public Sector Non-Profit Organisations: The Case Of Bushcare Nsw, Katie Lazarevski, H. J. Irvine, Sara Dolnicar Sep 2007

The Effect Of Funding Changes On Public Sector Non-Profit Organisations: The Case Of Bushcare Nsw, Katie Lazarevski, H. J. Irvine, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Research into non-profit organisations abounds, but public sector non-profit organisations have been neglected. Recent funding incentives have led to significant changes in the market environment for such organisations. This study describes market changes and explores the reactions of one environmental public sector non-profit organisation, Bushcare NSW, to these changes. This paper contends that, within this institutional environment, non-profit organisations more successful in attracting large amounts of external funding have better administrative structures in place, whereas those less successful find themselves confronted with burdensome administrative duties. Neo-institutional theory provides a theoretical basis for this empirical investigation. Funding changes have had a ...