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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Intranasal Vaccination With Streptococcal Fibronectin Binding Protein Sfb1 Fails To Prevent Growth And Dissemination Of Streptococcus Pyogenes In A Murine Skin Infection Model, Jason D. Mcarthur, E. Medina, J. Chin, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, S. R. Talay, G. S. Chhatwal, Mark J. Walker Dec 2004

Intranasal Vaccination With Streptococcal Fibronectin Binding Protein Sfb1 Fails To Prevent Growth And Dissemination Of Streptococcus Pyogenes In A Murine Skin Infection Model, Jason D. Mcarthur, E. Medina, J. Chin, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, S. R. Talay, G. S. Chhatwal, Mark J. Walker

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Fibronectin binding protein F1 (Sfb1) of Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus [GAS]) is a well-characterized adhesin that has been shown to induce protection in mice against a lethal intranasal GAS challenge after intranasal immunization with cholera toxin B subunit (CTB) as adjuvant. With a murine skin infection model, we have shown that Sfb1/CTB vaccination neither elicits opsonizing antibodies nor prevents systemic bacterial growth and dissemination to internal organs after a subcutaneous GAS challenge. These results indicate that an Sfb1-based vaccine should be complemented with additional protective antigens in order to be used in areas such as the tropical north ...


Igniting Concern About Refugee Injustice, Sharon Callaghan, Brian Martin Dec 2004

Igniting Concern About Refugee Injustice, Sharon Callaghan, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Injustice is a prominent theme in the news but there is far less attention to how to be effective in opposing it. For activists, it is crucial to understand how reactions against injustice can be ignited and/or inhibited. Injustice towards refugees provides a revealing case study.


Innovation-Export Linkages Within Different Cluster Models: A Case Study From The Australian Wine Industry , D. K. Aylward Dec 2004

Innovation-Export Linkages Within Different Cluster Models: A Case Study From The Australian Wine Industry , D. K. Aylward

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines innovation and export linkages within different levels of cluster development. The aim of the paper, using empirical data from the Australian wine industry, is to demonstrate that the association between innovation and export activity intensifies as the cluster develops. Dividing wine clusters into ‘innovative’ (highly developed) and ‘organised’ (less developed) models the paper uses selected core indicators of innovation and export activity to explore levels of integration within each model. This integration is examined in the context of Porter’s theory of ‘competitive advantage’, showing how these lessons can be translated to industry clusters in general.


From Sailor-Suits To Sadists: Lesbos Love As Reflected In Japan's Postwar "Perverse Press", Mark J. Mclelland Dec 2004

From Sailor-Suits To Sadists: Lesbos Love As Reflected In Japan's Postwar "Perverse Press", Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper looks at a range of narratives positioning women's same-sex sexuality in the popular sexological press of the early postwar period in Japan.


Marketing Research For Volunteering: A Research Agenda, Sara Dolnicar, Melanie J. Randle Dec 2004

Marketing Research For Volunteering: A Research Agenda, Sara Dolnicar, Melanie J. Randle

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Contributing an estimated AUD42 billion dollars a year to the Australian economy and US150 billion dollars to the USA, volunteering has become an industry sector of major importance. It has consequently attracted significant attention among researchers of various disciplines, including marketing. Nevertheless, the industry is confronted with ongoing challenges, particularly in the area of recruitment. This article provides a review of prior marketing-related studies and identifies a number of gaps in the research, such as a limitation in the past to a priori approaches to categorising volunteers, which has offered limited insight and conflicting results. The authors recommend a more ...


A Waterfall Model For Knowledge Management And Experience Management, Zhaohao Sun Dec 2004

A Waterfall Model For Knowledge Management And Experience Management, Zhaohao Sun

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines experience and knowledge, experience management (EM) and knowledge management (KM), and their interrelationships. It then proposes waterfall models for both EM and KM. The models characterize EM and KM as the integration of experience processing and corresponding management, that of knowledge processing and corresponding management respectively. The proposed approach facilitates research and development of KM, EM, and hybrid intelligent systems.


Experience Based Reasoning For Recognising Fraud And Deception, Zhaohao Sun, G. Finnie Dec 2004

Experience Based Reasoning For Recognising Fraud And Deception, Zhaohao Sun, G. Finnie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Fraud, deception and their recognition have received increasing attention in multiagent systems (MAS), e-commerce, and agent societies. However, little attention has been given to the theoretical foundation for fraud and deception from a logical viewpoint. We fill this gap by arguing that experience-based reasoning (EBR) is a logical foundation for recognizing fraud and deception. It provides a logical analysis of deception, which classifies recognition of deception into knowledge-based deception recognition, inference-based deception recognition, and hybrid deception recognition. It will examine the relationship between EBR and fraud as well as deception. It uses EBR to recognize fraud and deception in e-commerce ...


Integrating Information Literacy Into Curriculum Assessment Practice: An Informatics Case Study, Annette M. Meldrum, H. Tootell Dec 2004

Integrating Information Literacy Into Curriculum Assessment Practice: An Informatics Case Study, Annette M. Meldrum, H. Tootell

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This article describes how an Informatics subject has integrated information literacy skills into its curriculum assessment practice. The paper provides a background on the role information literacies have in student learning and explains the importance of ensuring the literacies are aligned with subject content and assessment practice. It describes the results of an informatics subject that has been developed through collaboration between Academic and Faculty Librarian.


What Makes Students Attend Lectures? The Shift Towards Pragmatism In Undergraduate Lecture Attendance, Sara Dolnicar Nov 2004

What Makes Students Attend Lectures? The Shift Towards Pragmatism In Undergraduate Lecture Attendance, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

An empirical study was conducted to gain understanding about reasons for lecture attendance among undergraduate students. Students were found to be heterogeneous regarding their reported lecture attendance motivations, with two segments representing prototypical extremes. The student group labelled “idealists” reported genuinely enjoying lectures and consisted of more mature aged students with working experience. Students labelled “pragmatics” were most highly represented in the Commerce Faculty, were among the younger students, reported attending lectures to get the information they need to succeed in the subject and demonstrated the lowest lecture attendance while achieving the highest grade point average. Generally, as opposed to ...


Why Do Dissatisfied Customers In The Business-To-Business Services Sector Stay With Their Existing Service Providers? An Exploratory Study, Venkata K. Yanamandram, L. White Nov 2004

Why Do Dissatisfied Customers In The Business-To-Business Services Sector Stay With Their Existing Service Providers? An Exploratory Study, Venkata K. Yanamandram, L. White

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

There have been few studies that investigate the reasons that dissatisfied customers stay with service organisations. Further, there have been no studies that have investigated a range of factors simultaneously in a single model in the business services sector. This paper attempts to address this research gap. A qualitative study was conducted, with 17 personal interviews undertaken with managers who are involved in the choice of service providers. The results not only confirmed factors in the literature: switching costs, impact of alternative service providers, investment in relationships, service recovery and inertia, but also uncovered seven other factors: the service provider ...


Bottling Fog: Conjuring Up The Australian Km Standard, Helen M. Hasan Nov 2004

Bottling Fog: Conjuring Up The Australian Km Standard, Helen M. Hasan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper tells the story of the development of the Australian Standard in Knowledge Management that is due for release at the end of 2004. It does this in the context of the nature of this Standard and with the knowledge of the lengthy and sometimes difficult process that was undertaken. It is hoped that this view of the Standard and its development will encourage its adoption and acceptance by the KM community.


What Moves Which Volunteers To Donate Their Time? An Investigation Of Psychographic Heterogeneity Among Volunteers In Australia, Sara Dolnicar, Melanie J. Randle Nov 2004

What Moves Which Volunteers To Donate Their Time? An Investigation Of Psychographic Heterogeneity Among Volunteers In Australia, Sara Dolnicar, Melanie J. Randle

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Many local environmental volunteering organisations face difficulties attracting volunteers from specific subgroups of the community. Consequently, it is crucial to gain understanding about the variety of factors that move people to participate in environmental volunteering. Factors which might have been underestimated in the past given the rather homogeneous community groups of volunteers which are, e.g., predominantly of Anglo-Saxon origin. This study reports on an analysis of volunteering motivations based on a representative data set provided by the ABS. It reveals that volunteering motivations vary widely and illustrates possible new ways of marketing volunteering organisations in order to attract new ...


Ecrm Success And The Value Of Managerial Discretion. , T. Coltman, Sara Dolnicar Nov 2004

Ecrm Success And The Value Of Managerial Discretion. , T. Coltman, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The performance payoff from electronic customer relationship management (eCRM) programs has become a growing concern in marketing and information technology research and practice. Yet despite a number of research reports by both practitioners and academic institutions there remains little evidence of any robust relationship between eCRM investment and performance. Building on a surprisingly sparse literature regarding the importance of managerial discretion, we show that the beliefs held by managers’ matter. Three distinct types of firms populate our data, and the relationship between eCRM performance and its underlying determinants varies greatly between them. This is critical to strategic marketing because it ...


The Transmission Of Ideas In Employment Relations: Dunlop And Oxford In The Development Of Australian Industrial Relations Thought, 1960-1985, Diana J. Kelly Nov 2004

The Transmission Of Ideas In Employment Relations: Dunlop And Oxford In The Development Of Australian Industrial Relations Thought, 1960-1985, Diana J. Kelly

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The primary objective of this paper is to understand the extent to which Australian industrial relations academics took up the different heuristic frameworks from USA and UK from the 1960s to the 1980s. A second objective is to begin to understand why, and in what ways ideas are transmitted in academic disciplines drawing on a “market model” for ideas. It is shown that in the years between 1960s and 1980s a modified US (Dunlopian) model of interpreting industrial relations became more influential in Australia than that of UK scholarship, as exemplified by the British Oxford School. In part this reflects ...


Marxist Manager Amidst The Progressives: Walter N Polakov And The Taylor Society, Diana J. Kelly Nov 2004

Marxist Manager Amidst The Progressives: Walter N Polakov And The Taylor Society, Diana J. Kelly

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In recent years scholars have re-evaluated Taylorism and have shown that the heart of the scientific management movement, the Taylor Society, reflected many of the Progressive ideals that pervaded the first decades of twentieth century America. Indeed, such was the spirit of critical analysis and debate within the Taylor Society that while most practitioners and intellectuals who were members of the society were liberals, individuals whose ideological commitments were more radical also belonged to the Society. That an outspoken and avowed Marxist such as Walter Polakov could find a place in the Taylor Society attests to its ideological pluralism. This ...


Two Distinct Genotypes Of Prtf2, Encoding A Fibronectin Binding Protein, And The Evolution Of The Gene Family In Streptococcus Pyogenes, V. Ramachandran, Jason D. Mcarthur, C. E. Behm, C. Gutzeit, M. Dowton, P. K. Fagan, R. Towers, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, Mark J. Walker Nov 2004

Two Distinct Genotypes Of Prtf2, Encoding A Fibronectin Binding Protein, And The Evolution Of The Gene Family In Streptococcus Pyogenes, V. Ramachandran, Jason D. Mcarthur, C. E. Behm, C. Gutzeit, M. Dowton, P. K. Fagan, R. Towers, B. J. Currie, K. S. Sriprakash, Mark J. Walker

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The group A Streptococcus (GAS) is an important pathogen responsible for a wide range of human diseases. Fibronectin binding proteins (FBPs) play important role in promoting GAS adherence and invasion of host cells. The gene prtF2 encodes a FBP and is contained in approximately 60% of GAS strains. In the present study we have examined 51 prtF2-positive GAS strains isolated from the Northern Territory of Australia and describe two genotypes of prtF2, which are mutually exclusive. Both genotypes have been previously identified in the literature as pfbp and fbaB. We show these genotypes map to the same chromosomal location within ...


Expressions Of The Calabrian Diaspora In Calabrian Australian Writing, Gitano Rando Oct 2004

Expressions Of The Calabrian Diaspora In Calabrian Australian Writing, Gitano Rando

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Although a number of studies on Italian Australian literature have been produced they have to date taken little account of the perception of the diverse experiences of migrants from different Italian regions which display substantial linguistic and cultural diversity and have developed literary cultures both different from and coincidental to Italian national literary culture. The only extensive study that has examined the literary culture of a regional Italian migrant group in Australia is Rando La Cava (1983) which explores the oral dialect literature of the Aeolian communities in Wollongong, Sydney and Melbourne. Some general studies on Italian Australian literature have ...


Effectively Communicating New Product Benefits To Consumers: The Use Of Analogy Versus Literal Similarity, A. Ait El Houssi, K. P. Morel, E. J. Hultink Oct 2004

Effectively Communicating New Product Benefits To Consumers: The Use Of Analogy Versus Literal Similarity, A. Ait El Houssi, K. P. Morel, E. J. Hultink

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The main point this study wants to make is that the use of analogies in advertising for really new products is a more effective means of communicating a new product’s distinctive benefits to consumers than is the use of literal similarity comparisons. This hypothesis was tested by means of an experiment with a 3 (comparison type: explicit analogy, implicit analogy, literal similarity) x 2 (product: Auto Mower, Smart Pen) design. The results showed a significant effect of the use of implicit analogy in advertising on consumer’s benefit comprehension for one of the two really new products. The use ...


Inspiring Imagination – Education And Learning: The University Experience In The Regional Development Cocktail, Robbie Collins, Laurie Stevenson Sep 2004

Inspiring Imagination – Education And Learning: The University Experience In The Regional Development Cocktail, Robbie Collins, Laurie Stevenson

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This paper suggests that imagination ferments regional development. The paper considers how education, and in particular regional universities, are part of the regional development cocktail. Using contemporary and historical experience at the Shoalhaven Campus the paper explores how Shoalhaven campus can be seen as an integral ingredient in the Shoalhaven development cocktail. In doing so, it provides an analysis that matches other regional campus experiences. What is Shoalhaven Campus? An educational precinct based on a campus co-location model. In this instance, TAFE and University are co-located on the campus grounds and share library, IT, telephone and campus services facilities. The ...


Challenging Dominant Physics Paradigms, J. M. Campanario, Brian Martin Sep 2004

Challenging Dominant Physics Paradigms, J. M. Campanario, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

There are many well-qualified scientists who question long-established physics theories even when paradigms are not in crisis. Challenging scientific orthodoxy is difficult because most scientists are educated and work within current paradigms and have little career incentive to examine unconventional ideas. Dissidence is a strategic site for learning about the dynamics of science. Dozens of well-qualified scientists who challenge dominant physics paradigms were contacted to determine how they try to overcome resistance to their ideas. Some such challengers obtain funding in the usual ways; others tap unconventional sources or use their own funds. For publishing, many challengers use alternative journals ...


The Dynamics Of Employee Dissent: Whistleblowers And Organizational Jiu-Jitsu, Brian Martin, W. Rifkin Sep 2004

The Dynamics Of Employee Dissent: Whistleblowers And Organizational Jiu-Jitsu, Brian Martin, W. Rifkin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Whistleblowing is a form of organizational dissent that is rarely successful, instead usually leading to disaster for the whistleblower. Organizational theorists seldom have addressed the question of how to improve whistleblowers' strategies. A useful general perspective for doing this is to conceive of bureaucracies as authoritarian political systems. The concept of political jiu-jitsu, from the theory of nonviolent action, is adapted to organizational contexts and used to assess a range of tactics used by organizational elites against dissidents. The resulting implications for whistleblower strategies are assessed by comparison with standard recommendations offered by experienced whistleblower advisers.


Austrochlamys Heardensis (Fleming, 1957) (Bivalvia: Pectinidae) From Central Kerguelen Plateau, Indian Ocean: Palaeontology And Possible Tectonic Significance, P. G. Quilty, C. V. Murray-Wallace, J. M. Whitehead Sep 2004

Austrochlamys Heardensis (Fleming, 1957) (Bivalvia: Pectinidae) From Central Kerguelen Plateau, Indian Ocean: Palaeontology And Possible Tectonic Significance, P. G. Quilty, C. V. Murray-Wallace, J. M. Whitehead

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Austrochlamys heardensis (Fleming) is recorded from a boulder of Late Pliocene (3.62–2.5 Ma) volcaniclastic sandstone dredged 70 km east-north-east of Heard Island, the third record of the species. The collection is much larger than the original described by Fleming and includes left valves which are described for the first time. The species is compared with A. anderssoni (Hennig) from Cockburn Island and ‘Chlamys’ mawsoni Fletcher from Îles Kerguelen. The source rock accumulated in fully marine, highly current-affected conditions. The collection is dominated by right valves, possibly because left valves are more susceptible to breakage and the effects ...


A Unified Logical Model For Cbr-Based E-Commerce Systems, Zhaohao Sun, G. Finnie Aug 2004

A Unified Logical Model For Cbr-Based E-Commerce Systems, Zhaohao Sun, G. Finnie

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper will examine new issues resulting from applying CBR in e-commerce and propose a unified logical model for CBR-based e-commerce systems (CECS) which consists of three cycles and covers almost all activities of applying CBR in e-commerce. This paper also decomposes case adaptation into problem adaptation and solution adaptation, which not only improves the understanding of case adaptation in the traditional CBR, but also facilitates the refinement of activity of CBR in e-commerce and intelligent support for e-commerce. It then investigates CBR-based product negotiation. This paper thus gives insight into how to use CBR in e-commerce and how to ...


Fabricating Community: Local, National And Global In Three Indian Novels, Paul Sharrad Aug 2004

Fabricating Community: Local, National And Global In Three Indian Novels, Paul Sharrad

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Reviews Bill Ashcroft's 'Postcolonial Transformations' arguing for a postcolonial consideration of spaces of negotiation beyond the textual in an era of globalisation. Taking the figure of textiles, this argument is illustrated using Amitav Ghosh's 'The Circle of Reason', Raja Rao's 'Kanthapura', and Rohinton Mistry's 'A Fine Balance'. Mention is also made of K.S. Maniam's 'The Return' and M.G. Vassanji's 'The Gunny Sack'.


Sweet And Sour: Accounting For South Sea Islanders Labour At A North Queensland Sugar Mill In The Late 1800s, H. J. Irvine Aug 2004

Sweet And Sour: Accounting For South Sea Islanders Labour At A North Queensland Sugar Mill In The Late 1800s, H. J. Irvine

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The sugar industry in the colony of Queensland (Australia) began in the late 1800s, initially following the plantation model. Since slavery had been abolished, and it was believed that white men were incapable of working in the tropics, a number of sugar entrepreneurs recruited South Sea islanders to provide the labour necessary for clearing the dense tropical vegetation and establishing cane growing as an economically viable industry. It is estimated that from the early 1860s until 1904, over 60,000 islanders were recruited from more than eighty islands to work as indentured labourers. In spite of their huge contribution to ...


‘Paying The Price’: Impact On Subordinate Potential And Expectations In The New Bureaucracy, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones Jul 2004

‘Paying The Price’: Impact On Subordinate Potential And Expectations In The New Bureaucracy, George K. Kriflik, R. Jones

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

It is argued that many types of bureaucratic reform have entailed an extension or intensification of, not a departure from, bureaucratic control. This paper reports the findings of a qualitative case study which examines the impact of ‘new bureaucratic’ structures and systems on the performance and expectations of organisational subordinates. Such subordinates question the ‘price’ that has to be paid by themselves to achieve strategic visions devised and implemented by remote and faceless senior executives. This price is reflected in subordinates’ perceptions of the extent to which ‘cleaned-up’ bureaucratic processes impact on the achievement of their overall potential. Subordinates place ...


Working ‘Through’ Graduate Attributes: A Bottom-Up Approach, Bronwyn James, Geraldine E. Lefoe, Muhammad N S Hadi Jul 2004

Working ‘Through’ Graduate Attributes: A Bottom-Up Approach, Bronwyn James, Geraldine E. Lefoe, Muhammad N S Hadi

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The implementation of graduate attributes is a contentious addition to the agenda of Australian universities as they face issues related to quality assurance and funding. In this case study, we describe a way that we as teachers can work ‘through’ rather than uncritically with the graduate attributes. We suggest that the graduate attributes potentially allow the university community to focus on the processes of pedagogy. The paper also demonstrates how the graduate attributes can be used to initiate the development of a community of practice through collaboration and sharing of teaching strategies. The project allows a bottom-up approach for interpretation ...


A Model Of Financial Performance Analysis Adapted For Nonprofit Organisations, A. Abraham Jul 2004

A Model Of Financial Performance Analysis Adapted For Nonprofit Organisations, A. Abraham

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Measurement of financial performance by ratio analysis helps identify organisational strengths and weaknesses by detecting financial anomalies and focusing attention on issues of organisational importance. Given that the mission of a nonprofit organisation is the reason its existence, it is appropriate to focus on financial resources in their relationship to mission. Turk et al (1995) suggested that the key to analysis and measurement of the financial and operational control and impact is related to the central question: What is the organisation’s mission? Their model reflects the interrelationship between a series of questions about the mission and the financial resourcing ...


Plagiarism: Let The Policy Fix The Crime, H. W. Collier, R. Perrin, C. B. Mcgowan Jul 2004

Plagiarism: Let The Policy Fix The Crime, H. W. Collier, R. Perrin, C. B. Mcgowan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Plagiarism is considered to be an unacceptable act, a crime, in today’s University. This is reinforced by the Latin and Greek origins of the word, i.e., meaning to ‘plunder’ or ‘kidnap’. An Australian Vice-Chancellor was recently asked to resign following public allegations and findings of his plagiarism. Universities adopt and publicise policies to illustrate what they expect from their students. We posit that while some students plagiarise for reasons endogenous to those students, others do so as a result of poorly designed and constructed assignments and assessment tasks. From a simple example involving the use of the plagiarism ...


Australian Backyard Gardens And The Journey Of Migration, Lesley M. Head, Pat Muir, E. Hampel Jul 2004

Australian Backyard Gardens And The Journey Of Migration, Lesley M. Head, Pat Muir, E. Hampel

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Gardens have been an important site of environmental engagement in Australia since the British colonization. They are places where immigrant people and plants carry on traditions from their homelands, and work out an accommodation with new social and biophysical environments. We examine the backyard gardens of three contemporary migrant groups in suburban Australia, Macedonian, Vietnamese and British-born, and a fourth group of first generation Australians with both parents born overseas. There is strong emphasis on the production of vegetables in Macedonian backyards, and herbs and fruit in Vietnamese backyards. British backyards were more diverse, some focusing on non-native ornamental flowers ...