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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Online Introduction To Information Literacy: Ticking That Box Or Embedding That Attribute??, Robbie Collins, A. Hill Dec 2003

Online Introduction To Information Literacy: Ticking That Box Or Embedding That Attribute??, Robbie Collins, A. Hill

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The University of Wollongong introduced an online compulsory undergraduate Information Literacy Introductory Program (ILIP) in 1999. Extensions and adjustments make ILIP 2003 a requirement for postgraduate coursework students as well as undergraduate students. ILIP is also highly recommended to incoming research students. Such policy initiatives for a compulsory online learning tool raise interesting questions about the interaction of University policy and learning and teaching policy, about the implementation of such policy and about the effectiveness of the tool both alone and as part of a process. This paper suggests that the compulsory ruling has effected the tool’s development and ...


Interpretation And Orientalism: Outing Japan's Sexual Minorities To The English-Speaking World, Mark J. Mclelland Dec 2003

Interpretation And Orientalism: Outing Japan's Sexual Minorities To The English-Speaking World, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The growing visibility of Japanese gay men and lesbians who articulate their identities in a manner similar to activists in the west has been heightened by two recent English books Queer Japan and Coming Out in Japan. While acknowledging the need to listen to a plurality of voices from Japan, this essay critiques the manner in which the coming-out narratives in these books have been framed by their western translators and editors. In the introductions to both books, Japan is (once again) pictured as a feudal and repressive society. In their efforts to let the homosexual subaltern speak, the translators ...


New Wine In Old Bottles: A Case Study Of Innovation Territories In 'New World' Wine Production, D. K. Aylward, T. Turpin Dec 2003

New Wine In Old Bottles: A Case Study Of Innovation Territories In 'New World' Wine Production, D. K. Aylward, T. Turpin

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This article applies the concept of ‘innovation territories’ to explain the recent export success of the Australian Wine Industry. Recent data collected from four ‘New World’ wine producing countries are contrasted in order to investigate ‘innovation territories’ that in the Australian context transcend geographic and policy boundaries. The international comparison shows that these territories can be mapped and their interaction compared. A major finding from the study is that one of the major contributors to Australia’s success in gaining comparative advantage in this industry is the way local and national investments in R&D have transcended geographic and policy ...


Career Potential For New Science Journalists, Troy Coyle Dec 2003

Career Potential For New Science Journalists, Troy Coyle

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

Despite public support for science reportage, science stories are rare in Australian media. The reasons for this are not clear but the net impact is that there are few opportunities for aspiring science journalists in a market that is dominated by a few high-profile individuals. Thus, budding science journalists would probably be best served by trying to create new opportunities and widening the market for science journalism, rather than competing for the few existing niche positions. This study investigates the potential career paths for new science journalists as well as the challenges facing science journalism in Australia.


Issues In Strategy Classifications In Language Learning: A Framework For Kanji Learning Strategy Research, G. Haththotuwa Gamage Dec 2003

Issues In Strategy Classifications In Language Learning: A Framework For Kanji Learning Strategy Research, G. Haththotuwa Gamage

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

A significant amount of research has contributed to our understanding of language learning strategies in the past decade. Orthography-specific characteristics of kanji (Chinese characters used in Japanese language) have seen the development of a growing interest in kanji learning strategy research. This paper examines recent trends in language learning strategies in general and identifies unresolved issues related to research in kanji learning strategies. A conceptual framework for further research is discussed in order to assist approaches to kanji learning strategies and research conducted within the area.


Corporate Governance, The Environment And The Internet, Jane Andrew Dec 2003

Corporate Governance, The Environment And The Internet, Jane Andrew

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Corporate use of the internet for a variety of business purposes is now commonplace. Owning and occupying internet space is almost essential for publicly traded companies, either as a place to do business or as a place to exchange information about business. It has also been documented that the internet provides a global meeting ground for those interested in social and environmental change. The two ideas are now combining, leading to a situation in which corporations are using their web pages to provide environmental information about their activities as part of their corporate governance strategy. This paper performs an initial ...


Living On The Edge-Plants And Global Change In Continental And Maritime Antarctica, Sharon A. Robinson, J. Wasley, A. K. Tobin Dec 2003

Living On The Edge-Plants And Global Change In Continental And Maritime Antarctica, Sharon A. Robinson, J. Wasley, A. K. Tobin

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Antarctic terrestrial ecosystems experience some of the most extreme growth conditions on Earth and are characterised by extreme aridity and sub-zero temperatures. Antarctic vegetation is therefore at the physiological limits of survival and, as a consequence, even slight changes to growth conditions are likely to have a large impact, rendering Antarctic terrestrial communities sensitive to climate change. Climate change is predicted to affect the high latitude regions first and most severely. In recent decades, the Antarctic has undergone significant environmental change, including the largest increases in ultraviolet B (UV-B; 290-320nm) radiation levels in the world and, in the maritime region ...


Data-Driven Market Segmentation - A Structure-Based Conceptual Framework For Management Decision Support, Sara Dolnicar, Friedrich Leisch Dec 2003

Data-Driven Market Segmentation - A Structure-Based Conceptual Framework For Management Decision Support, Sara Dolnicar, Friedrich Leisch

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Market segmentation increasingly uses homogeneous groups of consumers determined on the basis of empirical market data as target segments (a posteriori-, data-driven-, post hoc segmentation) rather than splitting individuals according to single, typically socio-demographic or geographic, criteria (a priori-, commen sense segmentation). A vast amount of contributions has been made to improve methodology of identifying or constructing data-based market segments. However, real world data sets often do not contain clearly separated density clusters. Therefore all techniques used in data-based market segmentation can render multiple solutions of similar quality. So far no attempt has been made to construct a framework enabling ...


A Developmental Approach To Teaching Internet Marketing, Rohan Miller, Ray Stace, Gwyneth Howell Dec 2003

A Developmental Approach To Teaching Internet Marketing, Rohan Miller, Ray Stace, Gwyneth Howell

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Just as buying and selling over the Internet represents a new frontier for commerce, teaching students how to best use the Internet in marketing presents educators with new challenges and new opportunities. Perhaps the most distinguishing feature of Internet commerce that must be confronted by educators is the general absence of inter-personal communication in customer exchanges. As most Internet marketing takes place using a self-service technology (SST) that enables customers to consume products independent of direct service employee involvement (Meuter, Ostrom, Roundtree and Bitner 2000), it seems inappropriate to teach marketing in an Internet environment by relying on traditional lecture-tutorial ...


Extreme Marine Inundations (Tsunamis?) Of Coastal Western Australia, J. Nott, Edward A. Bryant Nov 2003

Extreme Marine Inundations (Tsunamis?) Of Coastal Western Australia, J. Nott, Edward A. Bryant

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Along 2500 km of the Western Australian coast, prehistoric ephemeral marine inundations (storm surges or tsunamis) were much larger than those that occurred since European settlement. The evidence is in the form of shell and coral deposits atop 30-m-high headlands, sand deposits containing large boulders, shell and coral several kilometers inland, and fields of large imbricated boulders across shore platforms. The size of transported boulders and the altitude of these deposits suggest that tsunamis were responsible, not large storm waves. The orientation of boulders reveals paleowave directions. Radiocarbon dating of the deposits suggest three very large tsunamis along this coast ...


Organizational Change Stories And Management Research: Facts Or Fiction, Patrick M. Dawson Sep 2003

Organizational Change Stories And Management Research: Facts Or Fiction, Patrick M. Dawson

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Company change stories are often constructed around a linear series of ‘successful’ events which serve to show the company in a positive light to any interested external party. These stories of company success sanitise this process and offer data for change experts to formulate neat linear prescriptions on how to best manage change. This position is criticised in this paper which draws on processual case study data to argue that change is a far more complex muddied political process consisting of competing histories and ongoing multiple change narratives which may vie for dominance in seeking to be the change story ...


Measuring What We Do, Kim James Sep 2003

Measuring What We Do, Kim James

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

When I first joined the University Library in 2000 the Library was in the process of establishing formal agreements with many of its monograph suppliers in the form of Service Level Agreements. Our first SLAs were signed with all our major suppliers in either 2000 or 2001. The SLA's not only document the agreed terms of trade between parties but they include scope for mutual benefit between the parties by sharing of information and collaboration. The benefits of establishing SLAs and improving performance measurement information include: • Improved business relationships with suppliers; • Increased confidence by both parties; • More accurate information ...


Lost Memories Of Korean Cinema: Film Policies During Japanese Colonial Rule, 1919-1937, Brian M. Yecies, Ae-Gyung Shim Sep 2003

Lost Memories Of Korean Cinema: Film Policies During Japanese Colonial Rule, 1919-1937, Brian M. Yecies, Ae-Gyung Shim

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article analyzes the development and enforcement of film policy and censorship regulations in colonial Korea and draws attention to their impact on the production and exhibition market of Korean cinema. The period between 1919 and 1937 is chosen for this study because it marks the release of the first Korean kino-drama film project, includes Korea’s boom of silent filmmaking and the expansion of Hollywood and Japanese distribution exchanges in Seoul, and leads to the eventual tightening of Japanese censorship by state police. This period is generally known as the ascent of Japan’s imperialistic policies. Given Japan’s ...


An Empirical Note On The Random Walk Behaviour And Market Efficiency Of Latin American Stock Markets, A. C. Worthington, H. Higgs Sep 2003

An Empirical Note On The Random Walk Behaviour And Market Efficiency Of Latin American Stock Markets, A. C. Worthington, H. Higgs

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This note examines the weak-form market efficiency of Latin American equity markets. Daily returns for Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Venezuela are examined for random walks using serial correlation coefficient and runs tests, Augmented Dickey-Fuller (ADF), Phillips-Perron (PP) and Kwiatkowski, Phillips, Schmidt and Shin (KPSS) unit root tests and multiple variance ratio (MVR) tests. The results, which are in broad agreement across the approaches employed, indicate that none of the markets are characterised by random walks and hence are not weak-form efficient, even under some less stringent random walk criteria.


Who's Looking After The Tobacco Industry, Lee C. Moerman, S. L. Van Der Laan Sep 2003

Who's Looking After The Tobacco Industry, Lee C. Moerman, S. L. Van Der Laan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

On 21st May 2003, after four years of negotiation, the World Health Assembly (WHA) adopted the World Health Organisation (WHO) Framework Convention on Tobacco Control. Once ratified this framework convention will ultimately constrain the activities of the tobacco industry globally. In light of increasing litigation and exposure of the industry’s strategies to maintain profitability, will the tobacco industry remain quiescent on this further threat to their legitimacy? A weapon in the tobacco industry’s armoury is to redefine the public policy agenda via a legitimate forum. This can include eliciting debate in any credible forum and in doing so ...


Investigating The Origin Of Aids: Some Ethical Dimensions, Brian Martin Aug 2003

Investigating The Origin Of Aids: Some Ethical Dimensions, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The theory that AIDS originated from contaminated polio vaccines raises a number of challenging issues with ethical dimensions. The Journal of Medical Ethics dealt with a submission about the theory a decade ago; subsequent developments have raised further issues. Four areas of contention are addressed: whether the theory should be investigated, whether anyone should be blamed, whether defamation actions are appropriate and whether the scientific community has a responsibility to examine unorthodox theories.


Benchmarking With The Best, Felicity Mcgregor Jul 2003

Benchmarking With The Best, Felicity Mcgregor

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

Measuring the performance of individual library services and processes is now well developed; it is more difficult, however, to identify best practice or to measure the overall organisational performance of libraries. In the absence of relevant sector-wide benchmarks, the University of Wollongong Library (UoW) adopted the principles outlined in the Australian Quality Council’s (AQC) Business Excellence Framework and then benchmarked its performance by applying for, and subsequently winning, an Australian Business Excellence Award. The Awards process requires evidence on all aspects of organisational performance: leadership and innovation, strategy and planning processes, data, information and knowledge, people, customer and market ...


When Does Gender Trump Money? Bargaining And Time In Household Work, M. Bittman, P. England, L. Sayer, N. Folbre, George Matheson Jul 2003

When Does Gender Trump Money? Bargaining And Time In Household Work, M. Bittman, P. England, L. Sayer, N. Folbre, George Matheson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Using data from Australia and the United States, the authors explore the effect of spouses' contribution to family income on how housework is divided. Consistent with exchange-bargaining theory, women decrease their housework as their earnings increase, up to the point where both spouses contribute equally to the income.In other respects, gender trumps money.


Making Censorship Backfire, S. Curry Jansen, Brian Martin Jul 2003

Making Censorship Backfire, S. Curry Jansen, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In the age of instantaneous global communications, overt censorship is always a risky endeavor. Attempts to repress 'dangerous ideas' sometimes have the opposite effect: that is, they serve as catalysts for expanding the reach, resonance and receptivity of those ideas.


Countershock: Mobilizing Resistance To Electroshock Weapons, Brian Martin, S. Wright Jul 2003

Countershock: Mobilizing Resistance To Electroshock Weapons, Brian Martin, S. Wright

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Electroshock, stun and restraint technologies are often used for torture and as tools of repression. There is much information available exposing the problems with such technologies but little about how to be effective in challenging their use. The concept of political jiu-jitsu - the process by which an attack on a nonviolent resister can backfire on the attackers - is introduced and adapted to examine challenges to electroshock weapons. In order to make these weapons backfire, it is important to emphasise the value of potential targets, to expose secret dealings, to reveal the harm caused by the weapons and to communicate clearly ...


A Shock To The System? The Impact Of Hrm On Academic Ir In Australia In Comparison With Usa And Uk, 1980-95 , Diana J. Kelly Jul 2003

A Shock To The System? The Impact Of Hrm On Academic Ir In Australia In Comparison With Usa And Uk, 1980-95 , Diana J. Kelly

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Taking a theme of the transmission of ideas within disciplines, this paper investigates the impact of academic human resource management on academic industrial relations, comparing the impact in Australia between 1990 and 1995 with the earlier responses in UK and USA. It is shown that while HRM had a significant effect on academic industrial relations, the extent of that impact is not wholly clear because other events, such as public policy shifts and the changing role of universities also affected academic industrial relations.


Taking A Closer Look: The Why And How Of New Accounting Practices In An Australian Religious/Charitable Organisation, H. J. Irvine Jul 2003

Taking A Closer Look: The Why And How Of New Accounting Practices In An Australian Religious/Charitable Organisation, H. J. Irvine

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Neo-institutional sociology proposes that organisations in a particular field behave in essentially the same way. In taking for granted the prevalence of institutionalised activities, such as accounting, however, it offers little in the way of penetrating insights into how, and to what extent, those activities are actually introduced and embedded into individual organisations. Changes in the nonprofit environment in Australia in recent years have catapulted organisations in that sector into a new corporate mode of operation, providing a unique opportunity not only to observe the introduction of new accounting practices, but also to critique the usefulness of neo-institutionalism as a ...


Mapping Australia's Wine Exporters, D. K. Aylward Jun 2003

Mapping Australia's Wine Exporters, D. K. Aylward

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Teaching And Learning In China And Asia: Some Observations, H. W. Collier Jun 2003

Teaching And Learning In China And Asia: Some Observations, H. W. Collier

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

As the ‘Far East’ enters the WTO and the world economy, change is inevitable. The more developed economies will undoubtedly lead the way, and the change agents are more than likely to come from outside the area at least for a while. Beginning in 1973, many of the Chinese students and scholars who studied in the West did not return to China. Many of my current students who have the opportunity to leave do not intend to return. However, there is an increasing number who will return. As more and more of these student graduates return to China and to ...


A Documentary Of Innovation Support Among New World Wine Industries, D. K. Aylward Jun 2003

A Documentary Of Innovation Support Among New World Wine Industries, D. K. Aylward

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

During the past two decades, the international wine industry has undergone a ‘seismic shift’. Old World producers no longer dominate production, export and marketing of wine to the extent that they once did. Instead, New World producers such as California, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand have successfully married production, management, marketing and innovation to emerge as a new force on the global wine landscape. It is the innovation supports within these selected New World industries that this paper seeks to document, in order to highlight different approaches and outcomes and how they may or may not contribute to an ...


The Influence Of Interactions Between Market Segmentation Strategy And Competition On Organizational Performance – A Simulation Study, Sara Dolnicar, R. Freitag Jun 2003

The Influence Of Interactions Between Market Segmentation Strategy And Competition On Organizational Performance – A Simulation Study, Sara Dolnicar, R. Freitag

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

A computer simulation study is conducted to explore the interaction of alternative segmentation strategies and the competitiveness of the market environment, a goal that can neither be tackled by purely analytic approaches nor is sufficient and undistorted real market data available to deduct findings in an empirical manner.The fundamental idea of the simulation is to increase competition in the artificial marketplace and to study the influence of segmentation strategy and varying market conditions on organizational success. Success/failure is measured using two performance criteria: number of units sold and survival of firms over 36 periods of time. Three central ...


Trust Me! A Personal Account Of Confidentiality Issues In An Organisational Research Project, H. J. Irvine Jun 2003

Trust Me! A Personal Account Of Confidentiality Issues In An Organisational Research Project, H. J. Irvine

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Organisations, particularly those that depend on donations from the public, care a great deal about the image they present to society. This makes them especially sensitive about confidentiality when it comes to details of their accounting systems and financial affairs. Organisational, technical and personal factors determine the strategies adopted for encouraging trust and respecting confidentiality while undertaking research in such organisations. This is a personal account of some of the confidentiality issues that arose during a qualitative research project within a large religious/charitable organisation. It illustrates the importance and challenges of maintaining confidentiality in that and other contexts.


Tracking Positioning Developments – Perceptual Changes In Hair Colorant Positioning In Eastern Europe, Sara Dolnicar May 2003

Tracking Positioning Developments – Perceptual Changes In Hair Colorant Positioning In Eastern Europe, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Typically, changes in the perception of brand images are tracked on an attribute-to attribute basis. In reality, however, it is not a single attribute but a combination of multiple attributes that constitute brand image. Accounting for this multi-facetness of brand perception, a framework for tracking changes thereof is proposed that can be used in addition to simple attribute comparison approaches. It provides insight into changes over time in a more holistic manner, tracking shifts of associations of specific brands with generic perceptual positions. The framework consists of (1) computation of a data-driven generic perceptual positions, (2) characterization of generic perceptual ...


Development Of A Posteriori Market Segments Over Time - A Tracking Procedure, Friedrich Leisch, Sara Dolnicar May 2003

Development Of A Posteriori Market Segments Over Time - A Tracking Procedure, Friedrich Leisch, Sara Dolnicar

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Segmentation has become a standard procedure in strategic marketing. A posteriori approaches are popular among practitioners and researchers and gaining importance over a priori consumer groupings. Despite the wide variety of methodological developments in the field, little attention has been given to tracking changes of a posteriori market segments over time. This article proposes a simple tracking procedure that allows testing of a posteriori segment developments over time on the basis of identical consecutive consumer surveys. It is flexible with regard to techniques chosen at each step and – through validation findings through repetition – allows thorough insight into market structure.


The Effectiveness Of True Analogies For Consumer Learning Of Really New Products, A. Ait El Houssi, K. P. Morel, E. J. Hultink May 2003

The Effectiveness Of True Analogies For Consumer Learning Of Really New Products, A. Ait El Houssi, K. P. Morel, E. J. Hultink

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Recent research has suggested that analogies may be useful to enhance consumer learning of really new products (RNPs). However, these studies have failed to show convincingly that analogies enhance consumers’ comprehension of RNPs as their operationalisation of analogies does not represent a “true” analogy. Besides, they examined the interaction effects of numerous moderators without showing the existence of a main effect first. Hence, it remains unclear what the effectiveness of analogies for consumer learning of RNPs truly is. It is the aim of the present study to fill this void by means of an experiment in which consumers evaluate product ...