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Articles 31 - 60 of 128

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Indole Derivatives From The Egg Masses Of Muricid Molluscs, Kirsten Benkendorff, John B. Bremner, Andrew R. Davis Jan 2001

Indole Derivatives From The Egg Masses Of Muricid Molluscs, Kirsten Benkendorff, John B. Bremner, Andrew R. Davis

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

A range of brominated indole derivatives were found in the egg masses of six species of muricid molluscs. Several non-brominated indoles were also present in the eggs of two Mediterranean Muricidae, although these were not found in the Australian species. Tyrindoleninone (3), was the only compound found in all six species and is likely to be responsible for the observed antimicrobial activity of these muricid egg masses [1,2]. These bioactive indoles appear to be characteristic of muricid egg masses and were not found in the egg masses from 17 species in different families of marine molluscs.


Psychological Problems In New Zealand Primary Health Care: A Report On The Pilot Phase Of The Mental Health And General Practice Investigation (Magpie), John Bushnell, Deborah Mcleod, A D. Dowell, C Salmond, S Ramage, S Collings, University Of Otago, Marjan Kljakovic, L Mcbain Jan 2001

Psychological Problems In New Zealand Primary Health Care: A Report On The Pilot Phase Of The Mental Health And General Practice Investigation (Magpie), John Bushnell, Deborah Mcleod, A D. Dowell, C Salmond, S Ramage, S Collings, University Of Otago, Marjan Kljakovic, L Mcbain

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Aim. To carry out a pilot study in two regions in order to investigate prevalence of psychological problems in primary care in New Zealand. Method. General Practitioners (GPs) within two geographic regions were randomly selected. All adult attenders at their practice on selected days were administered a short questionnaire, the GHQ-12, which assesses the presence of psychological symptoms. The GP recorded the reasons for each consultation, and was interviewed at the end of each day about selected patients, to determine their opinion about the type of psychological problems experienced. Results. Three-quarters of selected GPs (76%) agreed to participate. 96% of ...


Cumulenic And Heterocumulenic Anions: Potential Interstellar Species?, Stephen J. Blanksby, Andrew M. Mcanoy, Suresh Dua, John H. Bowie Jan 2001

Cumulenic And Heterocumulenic Anions: Potential Interstellar Species?, Stephen J. Blanksby, Andrew M. Mcanoy, Suresh Dua, John H. Bowie

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

A recent theoretical investigation by Terzieva & Herbst of linear carbon chains, Cn where n ≥ 6, in the interstellar medium has shown that these species can undergo efficient radiative association to form the corresponding anions. An experimental study by Barckholtz, Snow & Bierbaumof these anions has demonstrated that they do not react efficiently with molecular hydrogen, leading to the possibility of detectable abundances of cumulene-type anions in dense interstellar and circumstellar environments. Here we present a series of electronic structure calculations which examine possible anionic candidates for detection in these media, namely the anion analogues of the previously identified interstellar cumulenes ...


On The Soft X-Ray Spectrum Of Cooling Flows, A C. Fabian, R F. Mushotzky, Paul E. J Nulsen, J R. Peterson Jan 2001

On The Soft X-Ray Spectrum Of Cooling Flows, A C. Fabian, R F. Mushotzky, Paul E. J Nulsen, J R. Peterson

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Strong evidence for cooling flows has been found in low-resolution X-ray imaging and spectra of many clusters of galaxies. However, high-resolution X-ray spectra of several clusters from the Reflection Grating Spectrometer on XMM-Newton now show a soft X-ray spectrum inconsistent with a simple cooling flow. The main problem is a lack of the emission lines expected from gas cooling below 1–2 keV. Lines from gas at about 2–3 keV are observed, even in a high-temperature cluster such as A1835, indicating that gas is cooling down to about 2–3 keV, but is not found at lower temperatures. Here ...


East Salt Sparingly - Sprinkle, Don't Shake!, K E. Charlton, P L. Jooste Jan 2001

East Salt Sparingly - Sprinkle, Don't Shake!, K E. Charlton, P L. Jooste

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

The salt-blood pressure hypothesis states that an excessive salt intake leads to an increase in blood pressure in genetically susceptible persons and, if high intake is maintained long term, ultimately leads to sustained hypertension. It is estimated that about 3.3 million South Africans (12.6% and 16.3% of adult men and women, respectively) are hypertensive. However, not all subjects within a particular population respond equally to exposure to high-salt diets. Methods to identify those who are 'salt sensitive' remain in the research domain; therefore a population approach to the restriction of dietary salt intake is warranted. The message ...


South African Food-Based Dietary Guidelines: Testing Of The Preliminary Guidelines Among Women In Kwazulu-Natal And The Western Cape, P Love, E Maunder, M Green, F Ross, J Smale-Lovely, K Charlton Jan 2001

South African Food-Based Dietary Guidelines: Testing Of The Preliminary Guidelines Among Women In Kwazulu-Natal And The Western Cape, P Love, E Maunder, M Green, F Ross, J Smale-Lovely, K Charlton

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Aim. To assess the appropriateness of the preliminary South African food-based dietary guidelines (FBDGs) as a nutrition education tool for women in KwaZulu-Natal (KZN) and the Western Cape (WC) in terms of comprehension, interpretation and implementation. Methods. This was a qualitative study using focus group discussions. Focus groups were held in five magisterial districts within KZN, and the Cape Town metropolitan area of the WC, to evaluate the comprehensibility and applicability of the FBDGs. Groups were randomly selected according to settlement type (non-urban, urban informal, urban formal) and ethnicity (black, coloured (of mixed origin), Indian, white) to reflect the KZN ...


Selling The Work Ethic, Sharon Beder Jan 2001

Selling The Work Ethic, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] In modern industrial societies work and production have become ends in themselves. Employment has become such a priority that much environmental degradation is justified merely on the grounds that it provides jobs. And people are so concerned to keep their jobs that they are willing to do what their employers require of them even if they believe it is wrong or environmentally destructive. The social benefit of having the majority of ablebodied people in a society working hard all week goes unquestioned, particularly by those who work hardest. Few people today can imagine a society that does not revolve ...


Liberation, Commodity Culture And Community In "The Golden Age Of Promiscuity", Guy R. Davidson Jan 2001

Liberation, Commodity Culture And Community In "The Golden Age Of Promiscuity", Guy R. Davidson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This essay examines the literal choreography of gay identity in the bars and discos of 1970s America.


Numerical Investigation Of The Angle Of Repose Of Monosized Spheres, Y C. Zhou, B H. Xu, Aibing Yu, Paul Zulli Jan 2001

Numerical Investigation Of The Angle Of Repose Of Monosized Spheres, Y C. Zhou, B H. Xu, Aibing Yu, Paul Zulli

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper presents a numerical study of the angle of repose, a most important macroscopic parameter in characterizing granular materials, by means of a modified distinct element method. Emphasis is given to the effect of variables related to factors such as particle characteristics, material properties, and geometrical constraints. The results show that sliding and rolling frictions are the primary reasons for the formation of a sandpile; particle size and container thickness significantly influence the angle of repose; and the angle of repose is not so sensitive to density, Poisson's ratio, damping coefficient, and Young's modulus. Increasing rolling friction ...


Negotiating Difference: Singaporean Women Building An Ethics Of Respect, Lenore T. Lyons Jan 2001

Negotiating Difference: Singaporean Women Building An Ethics Of Respect, Lenore T. Lyons

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Extract: The problem of difference emerged as a significant issue in western feminist theory making during the 1980s-1990s. In response to claims that western feminism ignored the lives and voices of third world women1, attention was increasingly been placed on the need to forge broad-based coalitions that embrace difference and commonality. But, in the call to build coalitions, little work focused on the meaning of difference in the everyday lives of feminist activists; how do feminists work with women who are different to themselves? In this paper I examine the lives of women who belong to the Singaporean feminist organisation ...


Re-Telling ‘Us’: Researching The Lives Of Singaporean Women, Lenore T. Lyons Jan 2001

Re-Telling ‘Us’: Researching The Lives Of Singaporean Women, Lenore T. Lyons

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Extract: Feminist scholars have long been interested in the politics of speech acts. Early calls for a ‘feminist methodology’ were premised on a claim that in order to overcome the bias of malestream science, women should write about their own lives and experiences. Feminists asserted that androcentrism had as much to do with who was conducting the research as what was under investigation. Growing criticism that feminists themselves had replicated such practices in their writings about ‘other’ women signalled a renewed interest in the politics of speech. This interest is based on an acknowledgment that women are “not politically equal ...


Global Spin, Sharon Beder Jan 2001

Global Spin, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This chapter examines the way that corporations have used their financial resources and power to counter the gains made by environmentalists, to reshape public opinion and to persuade politicians against increased environmental regulation. Corporate activism, ignited in the 1970s and rejuventated in the 1990s, has enabled a corporate agenda to dominate most debates about the state of the environment and what should be done about it. This situation poses grave dangers to the ability of democratic societies to respond to environmental threats.


Trading The Earth: The Politics Behind Tradeable Pollution Rights, Sharon Beder Jan 2001

Trading The Earth: The Politics Behind Tradeable Pollution Rights, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] Tradeable pollution rights and emissions trading are being increasingly used as an environmental policy tool for pollution control. It allows firms to trade the right to emit specific pollutants. Tradeable pollution rights were originally developed in the USA to cut costs to industry and enable economic growth to continue in highly polluted areas but they are increasingly being used in other countries for air (Moore 1994) and water pollution (James 1994). They are now being proposed as a method for meeting Kyoto Protocol targets for greenhouse gas emissions. Firms such as BP and Shell have already established internal carbon ...


Book Review Of: Newmedia.Com.Au, Brian M. Yecies Jan 2001

Book Review Of: Newmedia.Com.Au, Brian M. Yecies

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Intersections: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Media, Identity And Place, Tanja Dreher Jan 2001

Intersections: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Media, Identity And Place, Tanja Dreher

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines Cabramatta as an intersection of many cultural flows and diverse experiences and argues for a transdisciplinary approach and a focus on place to adequately grasp and analyse the comlexity of media and social relations in culturally diverse contexts.


Are Electronic Editions Inherently Obsolete?, Graham Barwell, Phillip Berrie, Paul Eggert, Chris Tiffin Jan 2001

Are Electronic Editions Inherently Obsolete?, Graham Barwell, Phillip Berrie, Paul Eggert, Chris Tiffin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents a challenge to the current print-based paradigm for creating electronic editions in terms of their long term viability. It discusses some of the problems inherent with the use of embedded markup and describes how these problems could cause the loss of such editions to the human record. This paper describes how the Authenticated Electronic Editions Project is using the techniques of Data Simplification, Standoff Markup and Just In Time Authentication in the creation of a new type of electronic text that does not suffer the same limitations.


Authenticated Electronic Editions Project: A Progress Report, Graham Barwell, Phillip Berrie, Paul Eggert, Chris Tiffin Jan 2001

Authenticated Electronic Editions Project: A Progress Report, Graham Barwell, Phillip Berrie, Paul Eggert, Chris Tiffin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In 1991 the Academy of the Humanities established a series, the Academy Editions of Australian Literature, consisting of critical editions in book form of some of the major contributions to Australian literary culture of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The works chosen for inclusion in the series do not currently exist in reliable editions, so the text of each work is freshly edited to be as accurate and reliable as possible. Each edition includes the editor’s introduction, and textual and explanatory notes, while some editions offer background essays by other scholars, maps, chronologies and similar aids for readers ...


Issues In Electronic Scholarly Editions: Has Hypertext Made An Honest Woman Of Us At Last?, Graham Barwell, Phillip Berrie, Paul Eggert, Chris Tiffin Jan 2001

Issues In Electronic Scholarly Editions: Has Hypertext Made An Honest Woman Of Us At Last?, Graham Barwell, Phillip Berrie, Paul Eggert, Chris Tiffin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

There have been at least three significant attempts in the last fifty years to comprehend what exactly is this text thing that we scholarly editors and textual critics work with. The initial wave was the Greg-Bowers New Bibliography which tried conscientiously to use all surviving witnesses as forensic evidence to reconstruct the author's intention. The text according to this view was ultimately a product of volition, and the task of the textual critic was a recuperative psycho-historico-linguistic one. The second attempt was marked by Continental inclusiveness and semiotic despair at identifying a single stable authoritative version. This despair produced ...


Neoliberal Think Tanks And Free Market Environmentalism, Sharon Beder Jan 2001

Neoliberal Think Tanks And Free Market Environmentalism, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] The root of the environmental problem, however, is the priority given to economic considerations over environmental considerations. Economic instruments, privatisation and environmental ‘valuation’ ensure that priority is still given to economic goals and they enable firms to make decisions that affect others on the basis of their own economic interests. Even if those economic interests have been slightly modified to give a small economic value to environmental impacts, the basic paradigm remains unchanged: whenever big profits can be made the environment will be destroyed.


The Promotion Of A Secular Work Ethic, Sharon Beder Jan 2001

The Promotion Of A Secular Work Ethic, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] The compulsion to work has clearly become pathological in modern industrial societies. Millions of people are working long hours, devoting their lives to making or doing things that will not enrich their lives or make them happier but will add to the garbage and pollution that the earth is finding difficult to accommodate. They are so busy doing this that they have little time to spend with their family and friends, to develop other aspects of themselves, to participate in their communities as full citizens. ...... Despite the dysfunctionality of the work ethic it continues to be promoted and praised ...


Pharmaceutical Industry Agenda Setting In Mental Health Policies, R. Gosden, Sharon Beder Jan 2001

Pharmaceutical Industry Agenda Setting In Mental Health Policies, R. Gosden, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The development of political agenda-setting through the use of sophisticated public relations techniques is threatening to undermine the delicate balance of representative democracy. This has important ramifications for policies aimed at providing mental health services and the implementation of mental health laws. The principal agenda setters in this area are pharmaceutical companies with commercial reasons to promote public policies that expand the sales of their products. They have manufactured highly effective advocacy coalitions that incorporate front groups in order to set the policy agenda for mental health. However, policies tailored to their commercial purpose are not necessarily beneficial either for ...


Us Failing To Heed Any Lessons From History, Anthony Ashbolt Jan 2001

Us Failing To Heed Any Lessons From History, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

As the world witnessed the cold ferocity of terrorism last week - the shattering loss of life, the enormous suffering of the American people - it became clear quickly that madness was to be met by madness. It is perhaps understandable that irrational policy flows from seemingly irrational events. It is not, however, good for world peace or even good for the fight against terrorism. Xenophobia, jingoism and racism are not logical or considered responses to international terrorism.


Evangelical Christianity And The Appeal Of The Middle Aaes: The Case Of Bishop Charles Venn Pilcher, Graham Barwell, John Kennedy Jan 2001

Evangelical Christianity And The Appeal Of The Middle Aaes: The Case Of Bishop Charles Venn Pilcher, Graham Barwell, John Kennedy

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In recent years in studies of the Weste,n Middle Ages, there has been an increasing interest in medievalism itself, rather than simply in the cultures and their cultural products. I Such interest has not been confined to the European countries, but has extended to others, the United States or Australia, for example, where the teaching of medieval studies has often been based on a sense of a European cultural inheritance. As part of this shift in direction, specific attention has been paid to the medievalism of a variety of enthusiasts, editors, translators, teachers and scholars. Some of the focus ...


Genres, Registers, Text Types, Domains And Styles: Clarifying The Concepts And Nevigating A Path Through The Bnc Jungle, David Y. W. Lee Jan 2001

Genres, Registers, Text Types, Domains And Styles: Clarifying The Concepts And Nevigating A Path Through The Bnc Jungle, David Y. W. Lee

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this paper, an attempt is first made to clarify and tease apart the somewhat confusing terms genre, register, text type, domain, sublanguage, and style. The use of these terms by various linguists and literary theorists working under different traditions or orientations will be examined and a possible way of synthesising their insights will be proposed and illustrated with reference to the disparate categories used to classify texts in various existing computer corpora. With this terminological problem resolved, a personal project which involved giving each of the 4,124 British National Corpus (BNC, version 1) files a descriptive "genre" label ...


Defining Genocide: Defining History?, Deborah Mayersen Jan 2001

Defining Genocide: Defining History?, Deborah Mayersen

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Defining 'genocide' has been a contentious task for historians. Many eminent scholars have argued that it is most useful to work with the legal definition of genocide accepted by the United Nations in 1948, and upon which the Convention on the Prevention and the Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was established. Others have proposed that an alternative definition, broader and less legalistic than the UN definition, would be more useful. However, it is clear on both sides of the debate that it is a choice loaded with consequence. Historians who accept the legal definition of genocide as most appropriate ...


Enjoying 'Reality Tv', Ian Buchanan Jan 2001

Enjoying 'Reality Tv', Ian Buchanan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Big Brother, Boot Camp, Castaway, Shipwrecked, and the oh-so-glamorous Survivor, how much 'Reality TV' can we stand? More to the point, why do we want any of it? In other words, why do any of these shows even exist, what fantasy need do they fulfil? The temptation to invoke 'voyeurism' at this point is almost irresistible and is to be resisted for precisely that reason; the ease with which it seems to answer the questions begged by 'Reality TV' should be sufficient to alert us that it is what de Certeau calls a 'black sun', that is, something which however ...


Benang: From The Heart: 'I Found Myself Among Paper', Lisa Slater Jan 2001

Benang: From The Heart: 'I Found Myself Among Paper', Lisa Slater

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In his first novel True Country. Kim Scon esrablished himself as a writer who is determi ned to investigate the continued traumatic effects of colonial violence. Harley, the protagonist of Scott's second novel Benang: from the Heart (thc co-winner of the Miles Franklin award), takes up a pen in response to reductionist assimilationist records. He states: But I found myself among paper, words not formed by an intention corresponding to my own, and I read a world weak in creative spirit.


Student Responses To The Integration Of Webct Into An Accounting Subject, Anne Abraham Jan 2001

Student Responses To The Integration Of Webct Into An Accounting Subject, Anne Abraham

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

How can WebCT be integrated into classroom teaching? How can it be used to enhance the learning experience of students? Students are often hesitant about using new technology, especially if they are asked to communicate publicly in some way. The use of WebCTprovides students with valuable learning experiences as well as flexibility by offering a virtual classroom, wherever and whenever (within reason) that it suits the students. In addition, WebCT can enhance communication by encouraging online participation and overcoming students'fear ofdealing with new technology. This paper presents the result of research based on student evaluations of the integration ofthe ...


Effective Teaching And Learning: A Business Education Focus, Anne Abraham Jan 2001

Effective Teaching And Learning: A Business Education Focus, Anne Abraham

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The need to understand the process of student learning in order to improve the quality of that learning has been identified in the education literature (for example, see Biggs, 1978, 1987a, 1987b, Malton and Saljo, 1976, Ramsden, 1992). In addition, the outcomes of this learning have been identified in quantitative, qualitative or attitudinal terms (Biggs, 1990; Marton and Booth, 1997). To this end there have been a number of models of student approaches to learning (Biggs, 1988; Kember and Gow, 1989; Marton and Saljo, 1976; Zhang, 2000). Each model has considered the antecedents, and by way of application, the effectiveness ...


Market Efficiency Or Not? The Behaviour Of China’S Stock Prices In Response To The Announcement Of Bonus Issues, M. L. Barnes, S. Ma Jan 2001

Market Efficiency Or Not? The Behaviour Of China’S Stock Prices In Response To The Announcement Of Bonus Issues, M. L. Barnes, S. Ma

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Event study analysis is applied to investigate stock price reaction to the announcement of bonus issues for the emerging stock markets of China. Results show that the issues with a high bonus ratio (number of bonus shares in the issue/number of existing shares) usually attract positive returns and the issues with a low bonus ratio are rewarded with negative returns. The A-shares’ and B-shares’ prices exhibit some similarities in their reactions to bonus issues’ approvals. The hypothesis of semi-strong form market efficiency is rejected only partly for China’s stock markets.