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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Web-Based Surveys And Assessment, Parviz Doulai, Ray Stace Dec 1998

Web-Based Surveys And Assessment, Parviz Doulai, Ray Stace

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This paper describes methods of on-line assessment and students’ survey, which utilize the Web interfaces and use them in conjunction with the Internet. To find the most appropriate alternative methods of students’ assessment and survey a variety of commercial and public domain tools was used to implement the following two basic tasks: 1. ‘Student Suggestion Box’ where students evaluate the subject and make comments and suggestions on the subject and its assessment; and 2. a partially AutoMark short assessment task, containing two paragraph questions and three multiple choice questions, that offers final marks to the instructor/students and provides prompt ...


Applied Epidemiology - A Full-Subject Self-Directed Computer-Based Problem-Solving Learning Experience, I. A. Kreis, Adam Orvad, Dhammika Ruberu, Ray Stace Dec 1998

Applied Epidemiology - A Full-Subject Self-Directed Computer-Based Problem-Solving Learning Experience, I. A. Kreis, Adam Orvad, Dhammika Ruberu, Ray Stace

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

A major difficulty of teaching public health to students in a Masters Program is conveying the need for taking a strategic approach to situations. Tackling real-life public health issues is rather complex. There will generally be a number of avenues of investigation and it is necessary to be wary of the short and long-term consequences of actions. Also time and money need to be managed effectively. As one approach to the education of students about these issues, a computer-based package has been developed which simulates the investigation of a real public health problem. This simulation enables students to encounter such ...


The ‘Graduate Woman’ Phenomenon: Changing Constructions Of The Family In Singapore, Lenore T. Lyons-Lee Oct 1998

The ‘Graduate Woman’ Phenomenon: Changing Constructions Of The Family In Singapore, Lenore T. Lyons-Lee

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The central role of the family in state discourses of social change has been well documented in the case of Singapore. Within this discourse, the state has sought to strengthen the family as a key social structure and, while relegating the family to the realm of the ‘private”, has sought simultaneously to construct its own vision of family life. Women occupy a central role in this discourse of ‘state fatherhood” - they are both the mothers of the nation and the imparters of core cultural and national values. In recent years, in an attempt to address a perceived rejection of these ...


"...A Small Fish In A Small Pond..." The Reverend W.B. Clarke (1798-1878): 200 Years On, Michael K. Organ Sep 1998

"...A Small Fish In A Small Pond..." The Reverend W.B. Clarke (1798-1878): 200 Years On, Michael K. Organ

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The Reverend W.B. Clarke remains something of an enigma in the annals of Australian science, despite the publication of numerous books and articles on his life and times. The author argues that this is mainly due to the deficiencies of previous researchers in addressing the full gamut of that Reverend gentleman’s work. Though the basic details of Clarke’s life are clearly known, numerous significant gaps exist in the surviving archive. For example, his personal collection of rocks, fossils, geological maps and library was destroyed in the Garden Palace fire of 1882; his large corpus of work which ...


Pass The Plate Around Again: A Study Of Budgeting In A Local Church, H. J. Irvine Jun 1998

Pass The Plate Around Again: A Study Of Budgeting In A Local Church, H. J. Irvine

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

How does a religious organization, with a spiritual agenda, reconcile the inevitable tension between its spiritual aims and the necessity of providing funds in order to fulfill those aims? What part does accounting play in the working out of this tension? Are there implications, because of spiritual considerations, for the acceptance of accounting as a legitimate management tool? How does a religious organization protect its belief system from the potential corruption accounting might bring? These are all issues that have been raised in the study of churches and other religious organizations from the point of view of a sacred/ secular ...


'Osterreich In Australien': Ferdinand Von Hochstetter And The Austrian Novara Scientific Expedition 1858-9, Michael K. Organ Jun 1998

'Osterreich In Australien': Ferdinand Von Hochstetter And The Austrian Novara Scientific Expedition 1858-9, Michael K. Organ

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

During 1858 and 1859 the Austrian geologist Ferdinand Hochstetter visited Australia in connection with the Novara round-the-world scientific expedition. While much of significance was published as a result of Hochstetter's researches in New Zealand during 1859, the same cannot be said for his time in New South Wales and Victoria. With the aid of recently uncovered manuscript geological notebooks and contemporary material originally issued in German-language scientific journals, a preliminary assessment can be made of his visit to the Australian colonies. Aspects of the reception Hochstetter and his fellow Novara scientists received, and in turn his views on the ...


White Aborigines: Identity Politics In Australia Art, Ian A. Mclean Jan 1998

White Aborigines: Identity Politics In Australia Art, Ian A. Mclean

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This book discusses how the relationships between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal 'Australia' were imagined in Australian painting over the previous two hundred years. My aim is to do more than trace a particular theme in the history of Australian painting; it is to tell a story of the invention of an Australian subjectivity.


Coal Mine Rib Mechanics - An Improved Understanding Of Rib Behaviour And Support Requirements, B Hebblewhite, B Lin, J Galvin, R Walker, Justine D. Calleja Jan 1998

Coal Mine Rib Mechanics - An Improved Understanding Of Rib Behaviour And Support Requirements, B Hebblewhite, B Lin, J Galvin, R Walker, Justine D. Calleja

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The role of reinforcement elements in coal mine ribs has not been well understood. Various approaches to rib support and reinforcement are in use in the industry with mixed results. Rib spall is not uncommon and can vary from small nuisance fragments of coal to large scale collapse of the full rib surface, often with serious safety implications. This paper describes the outcomes of an ACARP research project which investigated rib behaviour to identify the geotechnical mechanics involved and then evaluated some prototype reinforcement strategies based on the concept of yielding support elements.


Flamenca: A Wake For A Dying Civilization, Henri A. Jeanjean Jan 1998

Flamenca: A Wake For A Dying Civilization, Henri A. Jeanjean

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Le Roman de Flamenca, a mutilated anonymous manuscript discovered by chance in Carcassonne in 1834 by Raynouard, (who gave it the name of its heroine) and first translated by M. P. Meyer in 1865, has become one of the most written about works in Occitan. Its graceful style has been noted and its psychology and realism have been commented upon by Nelli and Lavaud, who stress that this poem had a fundamental role in the development of French literature as the Occitan romances (jaufre and Flamenca) started the long tradition which lead to Marcel Proust via the Princesse de Cleves ...


Australian Gothic, Gerry Turcotte Jan 1998

Australian Gothic, Gerry Turcotte

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] Long before the fact of Australia was ever confirmed by explorers and cartographers it had already been imagined as a grotesque space, a land peopled by monsters. The idea of its existence was disputed, was even heretical for a time, and with the advent of the transportation of convicts its darkness seemed confirmed. The Antipodes was a world of reversals, the dark subconscious of Britain. It was, for all intents and purposes, Gothic par excellence, the dungeon of the world. It is perhaps for this reason that the Gothic as a mode has been a consistent presence in Australia ...


Equipped For Teaching: Sharing Strategies For Developing Librarians’ Skills, Helen E. Mandl, Susan Jones Jan 1998

Equipped For Teaching: Sharing Strategies For Developing Librarians’ Skills, Helen E. Mandl, Susan Jones

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The objectives of this interactive workshop were:
• to provide a forum for discussion of current teaching practices among librarians in higher education institutions
• to compile a list of strategies and tips which could be applied to participants’ own situations.
The workshop included small as well as large group discussions and opportunities for participant feedback. It also incorporated a number of activities modelling the topics under consideration. The topics included:
• upskilling librarians with disparate teaching backgrounds and capabilities
• incorporating different learning styles
• using evaluation for ongoing improvement of skills
• development and ongoing use of a resource bank.


Misrecognition In Titanic, Ian Buchanan Jan 1998

Misrecognition In Titanic, Ian Buchanan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Something rather interesting is going on in Hollywood cinema today. Art is being used to deflect feminist inquiry; but more incredibly still, feminist self-assertion is being used to avert a critique of capitalism. I am thinking particularly of the nude scene in Titanic. Kate Winslett appears nude, but because it is for an artist, not us, as it were, that nudity is contained, recuperated in other words, by being made to seem other than it is. And since the scene is a peripeteia in the Hollywood sense of the word, namely a moment of self-discovery, the resulting artwork is coded ...


La Politique De La Defense De La Langue Francaise Et Ses Contradictions, Henri A. Jeanjean Jan 1998

La Politique De La Defense De La Langue Francaise Et Ses Contradictions, Henri A. Jeanjean

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

linguistic and cultural issues have always been at the heart of the concerns ofFrench Governments. When he was the head of French diplomacy, Alain Juppe noted:"cultural diplomacy is an essential dimension of our foreign policy, and a"in some ways, is the trademark of its uniqueness".[1] Jacques Chirac at the Summit of la Francophoniewhich was held in Cotonou in 1995, said that "the language is the expression of a people, need todo everything to preserve the language."[2] All those who, in France, in recent years have raisedthe voice to denounce the growing place of English in the ...


Causality Between Exports And Economic Growth: The Empirical Evidence From Shanghai, Jordan Shan, Gary Gang Tian Jan 1998

Causality Between Exports And Economic Growth: The Empirical Evidence From Shanghai, Jordan Shan, Gary Gang Tian

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The export-led growth hypothesis is tested using monthly time series data for Shanghai (one of the major exporting provinces in China) using the Granger no-causality procedure developed by Toda and Yamamoto (1995) in a vector autoregresion (VAR) model. This paper builds on the existing literature in three distinct ways. This is the first study of the export-led growth hypothesis which employs a regional dataset (Shanghai). Second, the paper follows Riezman et al. (1996) in controlling for the growth of imports to avoid a spurious causality result; and finally, the use of the methodology by Toda and Yamamoto is expected to ...


The Sociotechnical Politics Of Focused Factories: Establishing A Cross Functional Project Team, Andrew J. Sense Jan 1998

The Sociotechnical Politics Of Focused Factories: Establishing A Cross Functional Project Team, Andrew J. Sense

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This extract of a larger case study is written to provide real and relevant information to stimulate discussion on the importance of deliberately and vigorously managing the politics associated with the various aspects of Sociotechnical projects. It offers a reflective insight into one company's change initiative with a particular focus on the political issues associated with establishing a cross functional management project team to manage the design and implementation of an Sociotechnical change program.


A Metaphorical Study Of Information Seeking Using Q Methodology, Joseph A. Meloche, Kate Crawford Jan 1998

A Metaphorical Study Of Information Seeking Using Q Methodology, Joseph A. Meloche, Kate Crawford

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This brief paper examines a metaphorical perspective for information science. Metaphorical understanding, like learning itself, is a fundamental component in the movement from the known to the unknown. Adopting this perspective has the potential to inform and further advance the study of characteristics ofinformation and.how it relates to emerging knowledge. This will be demonstrated by an examination ofthe metaphors used by theorists to describe how users approach information.


Settlers And The State: The Creation Of An Aboriginal Workforce In Australia, Robert Castle, Jim Hagan Jan 1998

Settlers And The State: The Creation Of An Aboriginal Workforce In Australia, Robert Castle, Jim Hagan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

White settlement of Australia began a process whereby the Aboriginal people who had settled the Australian continent for 40,000 years were dispossessed of their land, economy, society and often their lives. Henry Reynold's 'Law of the Land'' demonstrates the impact of the application of the doctrine of 'Terra Nullius' on Aboriginal society and the subsequent development of black-white relations in Australia. Land was the foundation of Aboriginal life - of an economic, religious and cultural system centred on hunting and gathering which provided a basis for a sustainable and stable society. The alienation of Aboriginal land and the resulting ...


Effective Urban Landslide Hazard Assessment, Robin N. Chowdhury, Phillip N. Flentje Jan 1998

Effective Urban Landslide Hazard Assessment, Robin N. Chowdhury, Phillip N. Flentje

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Landslide hazard assessment is a vitally important component of any strategy for the management of risk of instability in hilly areas. Within many urban areas, reactivation of landslides is an important component of risk. Yet, most qualitative approaches do not differentiate between the hazard of individual landslides. Two quantitative approaches are introduced in this paper both of which utilise GISbased accurate maps of geology and landslip as well as a landslide database. The first method is based on historical recurrence of individual landslides. The second method is based on monitoring of subsurface shear movements, and their relationships to rainfall. Both ...


Cancellation Laws For Bci-Algebra, Atoms And P-Semisimple Bci-Algebras, M W. Bunder Jan 1998

Cancellation Laws For Bci-Algebra, Atoms And P-Semisimple Bci-Algebras, M W. Bunder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We derive cancellation laws for BCI-algebras and for p-semisimple BCI- algebras, show that the set of all atoms of a BCI-algebra is a p semisimple BCI-algebra and that in a p-semisimple BCI-algebra and = are the same.


Stimulus Eccentricity And Spatial Frequency Interact To Determine Circular Vection, Stephen A. Palmisano, Barbara Gillam Jan 1998

Stimulus Eccentricity And Spatial Frequency Interact To Determine Circular Vection, Stephen A. Palmisano, Barbara Gillam

Faculty of Health and Behavioural Sciences - Papers (Archive)

While early research suggested that peripheral vision dominates the perception of selfmotion, subsequent studies found little or no effect of stimulus eccentricity. In contradiction to these broad notions of 'peripheral dominance' and 'eccentricity independence', the present experiments showed that the spatial frequency of optic flow interacts with its eccentricity to determine circular vection magnitude—central stimulation producing the most compelling vection for high-spatial-frequency stimuli and peripheral stimulation producing the most compelling vection for lower-spatial-frequency stimuli. This interaction appeared to be due, in part at least, to the effect that the higher-spatial-frequency moving pattern had on subjects' ability to organise optic ...


Morphology And Process On The Lateritic Coastline Near Darwin, Northern Australia, R. W. Young, Edward A. Bryant Jan 1998

Morphology And Process On The Lateritic Coastline Near Darwin, Northern Australia, R. W. Young, Edward A. Bryant

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

Coastal morphology near Darwin is controlled mainly by the gentle warping of a lateritic profile. In synclines the lateritic cuirasse forms extensive shore platforms, but on the anticlines the pallid zone of the weathering profile is eroded by waves, causing the undercut cuirasse to collapse. The dominant modern process on the shore platforms is solutional attack on the laterite, resulting in large depressions. Many of the platforms are covered by relict layers of cemented laterite cobbles transported by waves of high energy. C14 ages on carbonate cement between the cobbles show that one sheet was deposited at about 3700 BP ...


A Giant New Trimerellide Brachiopod From The Wenlock (Early Silurian) Of New South Wales, Australia, Des L. Strusz, Ian G. Percival, Anthony J. Wright, J W. Pickett, A Byrnes Jan 1998

A Giant New Trimerellide Brachiopod From The Wenlock (Early Silurian) Of New South Wales, Australia, Des L. Strusz, Ian G. Percival, Anthony J. Wright, J W. Pickett, A Byrnes

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Keteiodoros bellense n.gen. and n.sp. is a remarkably large trimerellide brachiopod from the Wenlock Dripstone Formation, southeast of Wellington, central New South Wales. The probable articulatory mechanism is unusual for trimerellides. It apparently involved both flattened sections of the lateral commissures which acted as pivots for opening and closing the shell, and a large and strongly modified articulating plate (which partly envelopes a robust dorsal umbo) articulating with the pseudointerarea at the posterior end of the ventral platform. The heavy dorsal umbo probably acted as a counterbalance to the anterior part of the valve; the diductor muscles were ...


Micronutrient Status Of Older Coloured South Africans, K E. Charlton, Petro Wolmarans, Marita Kruger, Demetre L. Labadarios, Ingrid Aronson, Carl J. Lombard Jan 1998

Micronutrient Status Of Older Coloured South Africans, K E. Charlton, Petro Wolmarans, Marita Kruger, Demetre L. Labadarios, Ingrid Aronson, Carl J. Lombard

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Objective. To investigate the dietary intake and nutritional status of older coloured South Africans in the Cape Peninsula with regard to their micronutrient status. Design. Cross-sectional analytical study. Methods. A random sample of 200 non-institutionalised subjects in Cape Town aged ^ 65 years was drawn using a two-stage cluster design. Trained fieldworkers interviewed subjects to obtain demographic, dietary and lifestyle data, to draw fasting blood samples for biochemical, haematological, iron status and vitamin D (serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D)), serum vitamin B12 and red blood cell folate analyses. Nutrient intake was assessed with a validated quantified food frequency questionnaire. Results ...


Southern Africa Is Good Place To Research Role Of Fetal Malnutrition In Chronic Diseases, A Rp Walker, K E. Charlton Jan 1998

Southern Africa Is Good Place To Research Role Of Fetal Malnutrition In Chronic Diseases, A Rp Walker, K E. Charlton

Faculty of Science, Medicine and Health - Papers: part A

Editor — We are interested in Scrimshaw's allusion to populations in Latin America in his editorial on the relation between fetal malnutrition and chronic disease in later life. There, in the 1960s, despite a high prevalence of low birth weight, the preva­ lence of atherosclerosis and of myocardial infarction was low.


Investigating Hiv/Aids In Southern Africa, Catherine L. Mac Phail Jan 1998

Investigating Hiv/Aids In Southern Africa, Catherine L. Mac Phail

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Book Review Webb, D (1997) HIV and AIDS in Africa. Cape Town: David Philip. ISBN 0 86486 341 1


Adolescents And Hiv In Developing Countries: New Research Directions, Catherine L. Mac Phail Jan 1998

Adolescents And Hiv In Developing Countries: New Research Directions, Catherine L. Mac Phail

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Adolescents are of interest in HIV/STD studies as they are a group whose behaviour places them at increased risk of HIV infection (Hein, 1992). Adolescence is a period characterised by the development and formation of sexuality, a process which frequently involves a high turn-over of sexual partners (Krahe and Reiss, 1995; Lear, 1995). Teenage experimentation with drugs and alcohol frequently leads to the adoption of high risk behaviours or engagement in unplanned episodes of casual sex (Weatherburn and Project SIGMA, 1992). In addition, adolescents are particularly vulnerable to the normative social influences of their peers (DiClemente, 1990). These influences ...


The Accessing Of Geometry Schemas By High School Students, Mohan Chinnappan Jan 1998

The Accessing Of Geometry Schemas By High School Students, Mohan Chinnappan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In this study I examine the question, what is the nature of prior mathematical knowledge that facilitates the construction of useful problem representations in the domain of geometry? The quality of prior knowledge is analysed in terms ofschemas that provide a measure of the degree of organisation of prior knowledge. Problem-solving performance and schema activation of a group of high- and low-achieving students were compared. As expected, the high achievers produced more correct answers than the low achievers. More significantly, schema comparison indicated that the high achievers accessed more problem-relevant schemas than the low achievers. In a related task which ...


Introduction To Benchmarking: Industrial Tourism Or A Tool For Continuuos Improvement, Lorraine Denny, Margie H. Jantti, Tracie Rice Jan 1998

Introduction To Benchmarking: Industrial Tourism Or A Tool For Continuuos Improvement, Lorraine Denny, Margie H. Jantti, Tracie Rice

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

The University of Wollongong library Acquisitions Team has established an ideal model for best practice in relation to the acquisition and provision of prescribed texts and recommended readings for library clients through benchmarking with three other Australian academic libraries. The approaches integral to our focus on texts and recommended readings were examined in detail, with opportunities for our own continuous improvement defined. Our major aim was improvement of collection relevance and development concerning acquisition of University of Wollongong curriculum texts and recommended readings through benchmarking. In practical terms this meant redesigning the texts and recommended readings process from selection to ...


The Ideall Approach To Learning Development: A Model For Fostering Improved Literacy And Learning Outcomes For Students, Jan Skillen, Margaret Merten, Neil Trivett, Alisa Percy Jan 1998

The Ideall Approach To Learning Development: A Model For Fostering Improved Literacy And Learning Outcomes For Students, Jan Skillen, Margaret Merten, Neil Trivett, Alisa Percy

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

An increasingly accepted viewpoint in tertiary education today is that the diverse student population entering university at first year level requires support with the transition process from previous education contexts to that of tertiary education. While Learning Centres were initially developed to assist that transition, the support they offered was limited: it was remedial in the sense of 'fixing-up' the students who were diagnosed (either by themselves or their lecturers) as needing 'help'; it was inequitable, assisting only a very small proportion of the students population; and it was generic in that the learning support was offered outside of the ...


Criteria For Determining Quality In Early Learning For 3-6 Year-Olds, Iram Siraj-Blatchford Jan 1998

Criteria For Determining Quality In Early Learning For 3-6 Year-Olds, Iram Siraj-Blatchford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This book is about extending good practice in curriculum development and supporting and sustaining the positive practices that characterise many early childhood settings. The curriculum cannot be seen in isolation and it cannot exist without a strong and well-developed framework of support, the social and institutional context in which curriculum 'happens'. To develop and deliver a sound curriculum the staff must be well informed about child development and culture and about subject knowledge and appropriate ways of 'teaching' young children so that all the children in their setting can access the curriculum. Time needs to be spent developing shared perspectives ...