Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 21 of 21

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The State And The Communist Party Of Australia: Surveillance Of Dissident Politics, 1945-55, Glenn Mitchell Nov 1995

The State And The Communist Party Of Australia: Surveillance Of Dissident Politics, 1945-55, Glenn Mitchell

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Recent announcements by the NSW government to increase security during the Olympic Games in 2000 have focussed attention on the nature of and reasons for surveillance. The word surveillance has sinister connotations, of a hidden watcher observing a person or group of people without their knowledge. The Australian Concise Oxford Dictionary notes that the practice applies especially to a 'suspected person.'


Sexual Gothic: Marian Engel’S Bear And Elizabeth Jolley’S The Well, Gerry Turcotte Apr 1995

Sexual Gothic: Marian Engel’S Bear And Elizabeth Jolley’S The Well, Gerry Turcotte

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] In the process of retrieving female writing from patriarchal control, women writers have focussed on a number of sites for re-vision. This article is concerned with two areas which have received sustained critical and creative attention. The first is language itself and the possibility for underscoring this “politicized” subject—and here, in particular, the way generic categories such as the Gothic have been destabilized or re-appropriated in order to comment on those “systems” which institutionalize and perpetuate imperialist, sexist or so-called “normative” values. The second is sexuality and the body. Specifically, Canadian and Australian Gothic women’s writings have ...


In–Flight History: The Canadian–Australian Literary Prize And The Question Of Nationalism, Gerry Turcotte Jan 1995

In–Flight History: The Canadian–Australian Literary Prize And The Question Of Nationalism, Gerry Turcotte

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[Extract] .... the Canadian–Australian Prize may well be celebrating a shaky reality indeed, if the premise for the award is merely to showcase a mythical uniformity of landscape. The wide variety of winners over what is almost two decades contests this reading, if only because it continually redefines and problematizes what it means to be Australian or Canadian. In doing so it encourages its readers to acknowledge, and hopefully to celebrate, the value of multiplicity and difference. Despite this, as the prize approaches its second decade, and as its administrators in both countries decide whether or not the award will ...


Research Assistants In The Clever Country, Michael K. Organ, S. Svensen Jan 1995

Research Assistants In The Clever Country, Michael K. Organ, S. Svensen

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

In this paper, we outline some of the problems facing research workers in Australian universities, with an emphasis on research assistants, the lowest classification of paid research worker. It is concluded that, while conditions have improved slightly since 1978, research assistants are still among the most marginalised public sector employees, and subjected to employment conditions which should be considered unacceptable in a society which values the benefits accruing from research activities.


Naked Royals - Federation And The Third Dimension, Jon Cockburn Jan 1995

Naked Royals - Federation And The Third Dimension, Jon Cockburn

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

This essay reflects on a petit cause célèbre that played out during the National Sculpture Forum in Canberra over April 1995. The centre of attention was two roughly formed concrete seated figures depicting naked Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip of the United Kingdom. The issues to be reviewed concern loyalty, allegiance and two inanimate lumps of concrete, stuff formed and shaped to eventually disperse at a rate more rapid than most lumps of concrete normally would. In the event, however, The Large Bask, Liz and Phil stripped bare, or, to give the work its formal title, Down by the ...


Curriculum Based Information Literacy Skills For First Year Undergraduate Students, Lynne Wright, Catriona Mcgurk Jan 1995

Curriculum Based Information Literacy Skills For First Year Undergraduate Students, Lynne Wright, Catriona Mcgurk

Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Academic) - Papers

This case study centres on the information literacy program for first year undergraduate students at the University of Wollongong Library. The university has one central library servicing an eftsu student population of approximately 9,100. In 1995, 3,000 of these are commencing undergraduates. In global terms this is a small university and, mainly due to physical restrictions of~e campus, it is not predicted to grow above 10,700 eftsu by the year 2000. Therefore, the impact of student numbers on the provision of service will not dramatically change in the near future. The library has always provided bibliographic ...


Equitable Access To Education For Young Homeless People, Valerie Harwood, Ruth Phelan Jan 1995

Equitable Access To Education For Young Homeless People, Valerie Harwood, Ruth Phelan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

At the National Social Policy Conference in 1995 we were one of a minority of service providers presenting a paper; in fact we found ourselves presenting with one other of this minority at the last session of the conference on Friday afternoon. It was a disappointing time slot and left us pondering the question of how seriously 'policy makers' take the contributions of the people who are at the 'coalface'. We made the decision to present a paper at the conference because we believe the program we initiated is innovative and beneficial to a severely marginalised group of young people ...


The Imprint Of Tsunami In Quaternary Coastal Sediments Of Southeastern Australia, R. W. Young, Edward A. Bryant, David M. Price, E. Spassov Jan 1995

The Imprint Of Tsunami In Quaternary Coastal Sediments Of Southeastern Australia, R. W. Young, Edward A. Bryant, David M. Price, E. Spassov

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

TL and 14C dating has revealed anomalous chronostratigraphies at two sites on the coast of southern New South Wales, Australia, where Pleistocene sands have been driven onshore over Holocene estuarine deposits. Lack of solar bleaching of the TL component which occurs in normal swash zones, an identical TL age obtained from pumice incorporated in the Pleistocene deposit, and boulders scattered through the sand are indicative of tsunami impact. These observations prompt reassessment of the strictly uniformitarian models of barrier emplacement during the Holocene transgression both in eastern Australia and elsewhere in the world where tsunami are a possibility.


A Simplified Form Of Condensed Detachment, M W. Bunder Jan 1995

A Simplified Form Of Condensed Detachment, M W. Bunder

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

This paper gives a simple, elegant statement of the condensed detachment rule that is independent of most general unifiers and proves that this is equivalent to the longer, more usual, formulation.


The Formation Of Ternary Compound Fe3mo3c By Ball Milling, L M. Di, Andrzej Calka, Z L. Li, J S. Williams Jan 1995

The Formation Of Ternary Compound Fe3mo3c By Ball Milling, L M. Di, Andrzej Calka, Z L. Li, J S. Williams

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Ball milling of Mo in nitrogen and ammonia gases has been studied. After heating, the formation of an intriguing ternary compound, Fe3Mo3C1−x , was observed as a result of Fe (and C) contamination from the milling apparatus. For a comparison, mechanical alloying of Fe–Mo–C powders with a stoichiometric composition of Fe3Mo3C was also performed and again an Fe–Mo–C alloy was obtained after milling.Thermal analysis shows a single transition peak for the formation of both the Fe3Mo3C phase in the latter case and ...


Extending Multipliers From Semigroups, Marcelo Laca, Iain Raeburn Jan 1995

Extending Multipliers From Semigroups, Marcelo Laca, Iain Raeburn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

A multiplier on a normal subsemigroup of a group can be extended to a multiplier on the group. This is used to show that normal cancellative semigroups have the same second cohomology as the group they generate, generalising earlier results of Arveson, Chernoff, and Dinh. The main tool is a dilation theorem for isometric multiplier representations of semigroups.


Induced C*-Algebras And Landstad Duality For Twisted Coactions, John C. Quigg, Iain Raeburn Jan 1995

Induced C*-Algebras And Landstad Duality For Twisted Coactions, John C. Quigg, Iain Raeburn

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

No abstract provided.


Mine Boundary Detection Using Markov Random Field Models, Xia Hua, Jennifer L. Davidson, Noel A. Cressie Jan 1995

Mine Boundary Detection Using Markov Random Field Models, Xia Hua, Jennifer L. Davidson, Noel A. Cressie

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Detection of objects in images in an automated fashion is necessary for many applications, including automated target recognition. In this paper, we present results of boundary detection using Markov random fields. Once the boundaries of regions are detected, object recognition can be conducted to classify the regions within the boundaries. Thus, an approach that gives good boundary detection is very important in many automated target recognition systems. Our algorithm for boundary detection combines a Bayesian approach with a histogram specification technique to locate edges of objects that have a closed-loop boundary. The boundary image is modeled by a Markov random ...


Comparison Of Two Methods For Detection Of Cryptosporidium & Giardia In Water, Eva C. Nieminski, Frank W. Schaefer Iii, Jerry E. Ongerth Jan 1995

Comparison Of Two Methods For Detection Of Cryptosporidium & Giardia In Water, Eva C. Nieminski, Frank W. Schaefer Iii, Jerry E. Ongerth

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

The steps of two immunofluorescent-antibody-based detection methods were evaluated for their efficiencies in detecting Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts. The two methods evaluated were the American Society for Testing and Materials proposed test method for Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts in low-turbidity water and a procedure employing sampling by membrane filtration, Percoll-Percoll step gradient, and immunofluorescent staining. The membrane filter sampling method was characterized by higher recovery rates in all three types of waters tested: raw surface water, partially treated water from a flocculation basin, and filtered water. Cyst and oocyst recovery efficiencies decreased with increasing water turbidity regardless of ...


Molecular Epidemiology Of A Fast-Food Restaurant-Associated Outbreak Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Washington State, Linda M. Grimm, Marcia Goldoft, John Kobayashi, Jay H. Lewis, Dalia Alfi, Ann Marie Perdichizzi, Phillip I. Tarr, Jerry E. Ongerth, Steve L. Moseley, Mansour Samadpour Jan 1995

Molecular Epidemiology Of A Fast-Food Restaurant-Associated Outbreak Of Escherichia Coli O157:H7 In Washington State, Linda M. Grimm, Marcia Goldoft, John Kobayashi, Jay H. Lewis, Dalia Alfi, Ann Marie Perdichizzi, Phillip I. Tarr, Jerry E. Ongerth, Steve L. Moseley, Mansour Samadpour

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

We studied the molecular epidemiology of the recent fast-food restaurant chain-associated Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak in Washington State. Genomic DNAs prepared from strains isolated from 433 patients were probed with radiolabelled Shiga-like toxin (SLT) I and SLT II genes and bacteriophage l DNA and were subsequently analyzed for their restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) patterns. The SLT RFLP and l RFLP profiles of an E. coli O157:H7 strain isolated from the incriminated beef and prototype patient were compared with those of the patient isolates for determination of the concordance between patterns. Of the 377 patients with primary and ...


Effect Of Organic Solvents On The Separation Of Benzoic Acids By Capillary Electrophoresis, Young J. Lee, William E. Price, Margaret Sheil Jan 1995

Effect Of Organic Solvents On The Separation Of Benzoic Acids By Capillary Electrophoresis, Young J. Lee, William E. Price, Margaret Sheil

Faculty of Science - Papers (Archive)

The effect of organic modifiers on the separation of a number of closely related isomeric benzoic acids by capillary electrophoresis is described. It is shown that while a single modifier concentration cannot help resolve the entire electropherogram, organic modifiers do significantly enhance the resolution of parts of the separation system by comparison with 40 mmol l-1 phosphate buffer. The effects on separation and retention times are discussed in terms of the effects on electroosmotic flow and the electrophoretic mobilities of the charged solutes. The effects were found to be modifier specific, although the trends were in the same direction (ie ...


Power And Influence In Urban Planning: Community And Property Interests' Participation In Dublin's Planning System, Pauline M. Mcguirk Jan 1995

Power And Influence In Urban Planning: Community And Property Interests' Participation In Dublin's Planning System, Pauline M. Mcguirk

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Using local authority planning in Dublin as a case study. the extent and effectiveness of community and development interests' participation in policy formulation is examined. A primary locus is on the nature and timing of participation as a determinant of the relalive influence that each can exert over policy decisions. A critical distinction is drawn between formal and informal participation channels. The vast array of informal channels available to development interests can mean that they have little need to participate formally; thus a primary and secondary layer of influence on policy formulation can be distinguished. The primary layer is largely ...


Nourish And Nurture: World Food Programme Assistance For Early Childhood Education In India's Integrated Child Development Service, Iram Siraj-Blatchford Jan 1995

Nourish And Nurture: World Food Programme Assistance For Early Childhood Education In India's Integrated Child Development Service, Iram Siraj-Blatchford

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Part of UNESCO's Action Research in Family and Early Childhood series, this monograph is based upon a technical report on the Early Childhood Education (ECE) component of the Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) program in India. This document overviews the ICDS and how better use could be made of World Food Programme (WFP) food aid along with the ECE component, including the aspect of providing education to mothers and adolescent girls. The report notes that the WFP has provided support to ICDS since March 1976; the other main donor supporting ICDS is the American organization, CARE. Also noted is ...


Research Assistants In The Clever Country, Michael K. Organ, S. Svensen Jan 1995

Research Assistants In The Clever Country, Michael K. Organ, S. Svensen

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the employment conditions of research assistants in universities in the context of the stated intention of the Australian government to transfonn Australia into the 'clever country'. Research assistants have played an important role in Australia's research efforts. The growing teaching and administrative workloads of academic staff. and the increasing sophistication and complexity of research methodologies. have increased the demands on research assistants and the importance of their contribution. Despite this. there has been little improvement in the employment conditions of research assistants. These conditions include the absence of any job security; lack of career structure and ...


Technology In Teacher Education: Using Multimedia To Enhance The Design And Make Process, Brian Ferry, Christine A. Brown Jan 1995

Technology In Teacher Education: Using Multimedia To Enhance The Design And Make Process, Brian Ferry, Christine A. Brown

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This paper reports on the use of a multimedia journal to enhance a subject in technology education. The subject was delivered to preservice teachers studying to be primary school teachers. The multimedia journal was used to assist in the delivery of the subject and to record the progress made by students. It is argued that multimedia used in this manner complements and extends upon the teaching program and becomes an integral part of the learning process.


Piezospectroscopy Of The P3/2 And Fano Series Of Singly Ionised Zn In Ge, Gejin Piao, Peter Fisher, R A. Lewis Jan 1995

Piezospectroscopy Of The P3/2 And Fano Series Of Singly Ionised Zn In Ge, Gejin Piao, Peter Fisher, R A. Lewis

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Abstract presented at the Sixth International Conference on Shallow Level Centers in Semiconductors, 10-12 August 1994, Berkeley, United States