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University of Wollongong

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

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La Enseñanza De La Pronunciacion Del Castellano A Aprendices Irlandeses. Contrastes Dialectales De Interés, Alfredo Herrero De Haro, M Antonieta Andión Herrero Jan 2012

La Enseñanza De La Pronunciacion Del Castellano A Aprendices Irlandeses. Contrastes Dialectales De Interés, Alfredo Herrero De Haro, M Antonieta Andión Herrero

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper deals with the teaching of Spanish pronunciation to Irish students. If we want learners to achieve a good command of the sounds of Castilian Spanish, we must focus on the phonetic/phonological distance between English and Spanish; however, it is the phonetic/phonological distance between the regional variety of the L1 of the speaker and Castilian Spanish (the variety that we adopt as the target model) that will have the biggest influence in this learning process. After comparing linguistic peculiarities of the English language (RP), and of the variety of the Republic of Ireland, with those of Castilian ...


Truth, Perspectivism, And Philosophy, David I. Simpson Jan 2012

Truth, Perspectivism, And Philosophy, David I. Simpson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In Nietzsche's later work the problem of the possibility of philosophy presents a significant interpretative and practical dilemma. Nietzsche attempts to undermine the idea of the absolute, as a source of value, meaning and truth, and to tease out the traces of this idea in our philosophising. He is thus one of those who has given us the means to complete the Kantian project of moving beyond metaphysical realism and a representational understanding of meaning. However, along with the gift comes a paradox. For Nietzsche's diagnosis seems to make it clear that desire for the absolute is intrinsic ...


Digital Media: The Cultural Politics Of Information, Andrew M. Whelan Jan 2012

Digital Media: The Cultural Politics Of Information, Andrew M. Whelan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The term 'digital media' is contrastive - specifically, it is contrasted with 'analogue media'. This binary runs roughly in parallel with the distinction drawn between 'new' and 'old media', although, of course, new media are now not quite as 'new' as they once were. Technically speaking, where analogue technologies record signals as electric pulses (and usually to a fixed physical format, or intended for diffusion through such formats); digital technologies render those signals in binary form, as sequences of zeroes and ones. While the distinction is somewhat blurry, examples of analogue media include television, radio, vinyl records, video and audio cassettes ...


Suppression Of Dissent: What It Is And What To Do About It, Brian Martin Jan 2012

Suppression Of Dissent: What It Is And What To Do About It, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Suppression of dissent is defined; reasons for it are described; examples are given; responses are outlined.


Separated Fathers And The 'Fathers' Rights' Movement, Michael G. Flood Jan 2012

Separated Fathers And The 'Fathers' Rights' Movement, Michael G. Flood

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Separated fathers often feel profound grief, distress, and anger at the end of their relationships with their partners and their children. Some participate in 'fathers' rights' groups, a movement which claims to advocate on behalf of men and fathers who are the victims of discrimination and injustice in the Family Court and elsewhere. Yet such groups may do little to help fathers heal or to build or maintain ongoing and positive relationships with their children. Some men do find support in these groups, but they also may be incited into anger, blame, and destructive strategies of litigation. Using a framework ...


Diverging Paths: Occupational Sex Segregation, Australia, And The Oecd, Kirsti Rawstron Jan 2012

Diverging Paths: Occupational Sex Segregation, Australia, And The Oecd, Kirsti Rawstron

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In the mid-1980s, “Australia held the title for the most sex segregated labour force in the OECD area” (OECD, 1984 in Pocock 1998: 590). Does this still hold true? In this paper, series analysis is employed to explore what has happened to occupational sex segregation in Australia since 1984. I do this by measuring changes in the Index of Association. The level, and change in trend, of occupational sex segregation in Australia is also compared to that of selected other groups of OECD nations between 2000 and 2010, including the Pacific Rim OECD nations and those nations which are included ...


More (Colonial) Hauntings In The Turn Of The Screw, Paul Sharrad Jan 2012

More (Colonial) Hauntings In The Turn Of The Screw, Paul Sharrad

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Let me start by asking two questions to which the voluminous scholarship on Henry James’s The Turn of the Screw has seemingly not paid full attention. First, from where does Flora learn her shocking language? Second, in a tale whose details are inspected from as many angles as critics can devise, what weight might we give to the Indian origin of the two children who provide an extra turn to the storytelling screw? My argument here is that a postcolonial reading of the text can provide us with answers. In teasing out intertextual uses of the details regarding the ...


Online Onslaught: Internet-Based Methods For Attacking And Defending Citizens' Organisations, Brian Martin Jan 2012

Online Onslaught: Internet-Based Methods For Attacking And Defending Citizens' Organisations, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

As the online profiles of organisations become more important, so do their vulnerabilities to online attack. A wide range of online methods can be used to attack the credibility of an organisation, deter participation by its members and undermine its operations. A case study from the Australian vaccination debate is used to illustrate the operation and impact of some of these possible methods. The main modes of attack are disrupting discussions, dominating descriptions and ridiculing and intimidating opponents. The main modes of defence are excluding disrupters, providing counter–descriptions, making formal complaints, and ignoring or exposing abuse. New forms of ...


Interpodes: Poland, Tom Keneally And Australian Literary History, Paul Sharrad Jan 2012

Interpodes: Poland, Tom Keneally And Australian Literary History, Paul Sharrad

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This article is framed by a wider interest in how literary careers are made: what mechanisms other than the personal/biographical and the text-centred evaluations of scholars influence a writer’s choices in persisting in building a succession of works that are both varied and yet form a consistently recognizable “brand.”

Translation is one element in the wider network of “machinery” that makes modern literary publishing. It is a marker of success that might well keep authors going despite lack of sales or negative reviews at home. Translation rights can provide useful supplementary funds to sustain a writer’s output ...


Encourage. Support. Act! Bystander Approaches To Sexual Harassment In The Workplace, Paula Mcdonald, Michael G. Flood Jan 2012

Encourage. Support. Act! Bystander Approaches To Sexual Harassment In The Workplace, Paula Mcdonald, Michael G. Flood

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Workplace sexual harassment is a persistent and pervasive problem in Australia and elsewhere, demanding new and creative responses. One promising area which may inform prevention and response strategies is bystander approaches. In broad terms, bystander approaches focus on the ways in which individuals who are not the targets of the conduct can intervene in violence, harassment or other anti-social behaviour in order to prevent and reduce harm to others.40 Although bystander approaches have a long history in relation to intervening in emergencies, they have recently been translated to efforts to engage men and boys in the prevention of sexual ...


Lovebites: An Evaluation Of The Lovebites And Respectful Relationships Programs In A Sydney School, Michael Flood, Vicki Kendrick Jan 2012

Lovebites: An Evaluation Of The Lovebites And Respectful Relationships Programs In A Sydney School, Michael Flood, Vicki Kendrick

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This document reports on an evaluation of the impact
among students of two violence prevention programs
run by the National Association for the Prevention of
Child Abuse and Neglect (NAPCAN). The evaluation
centres on the LOVEBiTES program run among
Year 10 students and a newly developed Respectful
Relationships program run among Year 7 students.
The evaluation was conducted among students who
participated in these programs in a Sydney school
in 2010. Students in Years 7 and 10 were surveyed
before and after their participation in a thirteenweek
program and a full-day workshop respectively,
using a quantitative survey. This evaluation report ...


Academic Snobbery: Local Historians Need More Support [4 April], Ian C. Willis Jan 2012

Academic Snobbery: Local Historians Need More Support [4 April], Ian C. Willis

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Local history is one of the most popular forms of history in Australia. Yet there is a yawning gap between the enthusiastic amateur and the academic historian.

While some academic historians engage with local history, sadly there is an entrenched snobbery from the academy. From the other side, the enthusiastic amateur is too wound up with a parochial approach to local history and often doesn’t see the bigger picture.

If both sides can engage with each other, the result would be a better type of history practise and a greater contribution to the story of Australia.


How Academics Can Help People Make Better Decisions Concerning Global Poverty, Keith J. Horton Jan 2012

How Academics Can Help People Make Better Decisions Concerning Global Poverty, Keith J. Horton

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

One relatively straightforward way in which academics could have more impact on global poverty is by doing more to help people make wise decisions about issues relevant to such poverty. Academics could do this by conducting appropriate kinds of research on those issues and sharing what they have learned with the relevant decision makers in accessible ways.

But aren’t academics already doing this? In the case of many of those issues, I think the appropriate answer would be that they could do so much better. As an illustration, I examine the academic input into one decision about an issue ...


“Tinned Literature”? Literary Discussion In "The Brisbane Courier" (1930)., Leigh Dale Jan 2012

“Tinned Literature”? Literary Discussion In "The Brisbane Courier" (1930)., Leigh Dale

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

To date, histories of literary culture in Queensland have not paid particular attention to newspapers, despite the fact that metropolitan and regional publications carried considerable material that allows us insight into the ways in which books were circulated and evaluated. Reviews and essays sat alongside advertisements run by department stores, specialist retailers, large distributors and newsagents, in turn jostling for attention with interviews with authors, poems, reports of literary gatherings and substantial critical essays. This article offers a ‘case study’ of literary materials in The Brisbane Courier, part of a project on the representation of literature (broadly conceived) in Australian ...


Power Of The Korean Film Producer: Dictator Park Chung Hee's Forgotten Film Cartel Of The 1960s Golden Decade And Its Legacy, Ae-Gyung Shim, Brian Yecies Jan 2012

Power Of The Korean Film Producer: Dictator Park Chung Hee's Forgotten Film Cartel Of The 1960s Golden Decade And Its Legacy, Ae-Gyung Shim, Brian Yecies

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

After censorship was eliminated in 1996, a new breed of writer-directors created a canon of internationally provocative and visually stunning genre-bending hit films, and new and established producers infused unprecedented venture capital into the local industry. Today, a bevy of key producers, including vertically integrated Korean conglomerates, maintain dominance over the film industry while engaging in a variety of relatively near-transparent domestic and international expansion strategies. Backing hits at home as well as collaborating with filmmakers in China and Hollywood have become priorities. In stark contrast to the way in which the film business is conducted today is Korean cinema ...


Swings And Roundabouts: Changes In Language Offerings At Australian Universities 2005-2011, Kerry S. Dunne, Marko Pavlyshyn Jan 2012

Swings And Roundabouts: Changes In Language Offerings At Australian Universities 2005-2011, Kerry S. Dunne, Marko Pavlyshyn

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this study we report on changes in language offerings in Australian universities for the period 2005–2011, focusing on languages with small enrolments. We also give a progress report on collaborative arrangements that were introduced to ensure wider availability of language programs. These programs were surveyed most recently in the 2009 DASSH project on collaborative models for the provision of languages in Australian universities (Winter 2009). We find that there has been an increase in the number of less commonly taught languages (LCTLs) offered across the tertiary sector. However, it is not the case that all of these languages ...


Backfire Manual: Tactics Against Injustice, Brian Martin Jan 2012

Backfire Manual: Tactics Against Injustice, Brian Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In 1991, protesters in Dili, East Timor were massacred by Indonesian troops. This turned out to be a political disaster for the Indonesian government, greatly increasing international support for the East Timorese independence struggle. The massacre backfired on the Indonesian government. The Backfire Manual explains why. Imagine you're planning an action and think you might come under attack. Maybe it's a rally and there's a risk of police brutality. Maybe you're exposing government corruption and there could be reprisals against your group. To be prepared, you need to understand the tactics likely to be used by ...


The Gender Fault-Line, Ayako Kano, Vera C. Mackie Jan 2012

The Gender Fault-Line, Ayako Kano, Vera C. Mackie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The economic, demographic and environmental shocks of recent years that have so profoundly shaped contemporary Japanese society have distinctive gendered dimensions.

The economic reality has shifted, but social expectations about the roles of men and women have been slower to change. Meanwhile, the demographic crisis is placing considerable burden on families and revealing the attendant risk of the ‘care deficit’ — in the home and in the face of disaster.


Elites, Elements And Events: Practice Theory And Scale, Thomas Birtchnell Jan 2012

Elites, Elements And Events: Practice Theory And Scale, Thomas Birtchnell

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Practice theory appears to be a flat ontology in conventional renderings, but it is unclear why this is so. In attempting to scale socio-technical systems practice theory finds itself needing to think about new possible strategies to both compete with other ontologies and rebrand itself as capable of mapping the world outside of everyday life, the domestic and the home. In pursuit of this goal three unfamiliar new terrains are explored: elites, elements and events. In this paper a method for practice theory to broach scale while retaining its current value is articulated through ideas about the synchronization of elements ...


Transcolonial Influences On Everyday American Imperialism: The Politics Of Chinese Domestic Servants In The Philippines, Julia T. Martinez, Claire Lowrie Jan 2012

Transcolonial Influences On Everyday American Imperialism: The Politics Of Chinese Domestic Servants In The Philippines, Julia T. Martinez, Claire Lowrie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

From the first years of the American occupation of the Philippines, the American colonial elite ran their households with the help of Chinese servants. The preference of government officials, including Governor William Howard Taft himself, for Chinese domestic labor was in flagrant disregard for the policy of Chinese exclusion as well as the principle of “benevolent assimilation,” according to which the Americans claimed to be “uplifting” the Filipino people by providing them with the opportunity to experience the dignity of labor. In opting for Chinese rather than Filipino domestic labor, elite Americans were replicating the traditions of the “Old World ...


Global Commodity Chains In Crisis: The Garment Industry In Malaysia, Vicki D. Crinis Jan 2012

Global Commodity Chains In Crisis: The Garment Industry In Malaysia, Vicki D. Crinis

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the garment industry in Malaysia from the 1970s to the present. It looks at the strategies employed by manufacturers to cope with both the end of the Multi-fibre Arrangement (MFA) and the effects of the global economic crisis on the industry in Malaysia. The garment industry in Malaysia is situated on the periphery and is almost totally reliant on contracts from the United States (US) and Europe for its survival. Since the global economic recession, contraction in the consumption of garments in these countries has translated into factory closures and lay-offs in Malaysia. According to industry experts ...


Responsibility And Intergenerational Equity, Sharon Beder Jan 2012

Responsibility And Intergenerational Equity, Sharon Beder

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Retaining environmental quality for future generations means passing on the environment in as good a condition as we found it. It does not preclude some trade-offs and compromises but it requires that those tradeoffs do not endanger the overall quality of the environment so that environmental functions are reduced and ecosystems are unable to recover.


Mobbing, Suppression Of Dissent/Discontent, Whistleblowing, And Social Medicine, Brian Martin, Florencia Pena Sanit Martin Jan 2012

Mobbing, Suppression Of Dissent/Discontent, Whistleblowing, And Social Medicine, Brian Martin, Florencia Pena Sanit Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Humans can be ruthless in attacking each other — even without any physical violence. Individuals can be targets, sometimes inside organisations, sometimes in domestic or public arenas. In workplaces, for example, individuals can be singled out for attack because they are different or because they are a threat or unwanted by those with power. Targets of attack often suffer enormously, with severe effects on their health and well-being. Society is also damaged through loss of conscientious workers and citizens and through squelching of ideas that deserve attention. To understand these sorts of dynamics, there are several concepts that are helpful, including ...


Mobbing And Suppression: Footprints Of Their Relationships, Brian Martin, F P.S Martin Jan 2012

Mobbing And Suppression: Footprints Of Their Relationships, Brian Martin, F P.S Martin

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Aims:

Two important processes involving the exercise of power are mobbing and suppression of dissent. These are examined, compared and contrasted with the aim of expanding the understanding of organisational and professional negative dynamics.

Methods:

The characteristic features and patterns of mobbing and suppression of dissent are examined. Areas of overlap and difference are noted and discussed.

Results:

Dissent is a challenge to a dominant group or set of ideas, and often met with various reprisals, such as ostracism, harassment and censorship: dissenters are frequently subject to mobbing. However, there are some different processes involved. Some targets of mobbing are ...


Symptomatology And Racial Politics In Australia, Ian M. Buchanan Jan 2012

Symptomatology And Racial Politics In Australia, Ian M. Buchanan

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Jindabyne (a movie directed by Ray Lawrence, 2006) begins with the murder of a young aboriginal woman, but its real focus is the way people respond to this murder. In doing so, it tells several interesting truths about race relations in Australia today. I want to suggest that Jindabyne can usefully be read as a national allegory (in Jameson’s sense of the word). It maps or diagrams the cultural and political tropes of the present moment in history. My basic hypothesis is that it cannot be a coincidence that Jindabyne should give such prominence to the cultural problematic of ...


On Darkened Days And Sleepless Nights, Rowan Cahill Jan 2012

On Darkened Days And Sleepless Nights, Rowan Cahill

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The author's thoughts on the role of radical historians, and the roles of protest and dissent in history. He argues that it is the "act of resistance that is crucial, not necessarily its success or otherwise". The example of the resistance to Nazism by Pastor Dietrich Bonhoeffer (1906-1945) is invoked.


Instructing, Constructing, Deconstructing: The Embodied And Disembodied Performances Of Yoko Ono, Vera Mackie Jan 2012

Instructing, Constructing, Deconstructing: The Embodied And Disembodied Performances Of Yoko Ono, Vera Mackie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Modernism has been described as 'either a time-bound or a genre-bound art form'. In generic terms, modernist art has been described as 'experimental,formally complex, elliptical, contain[ing] elements of decreation as well as creation, and tend[ing] to associate notions of the artist's freedom from realism, materialism, traditional genre and form.... . Modernist art forms have further been described as those which are '.... aesthetically radical, contain striking technical innovation, emphasize spatial or "fugal" as opposed to chronological form, ten towards ironic modes, and involve a certain "dehumanization" of art'. Modernist art deploys the techniques of montage, collage, mixed-media assemblages ...


The 'Afghan Girls': Media Representations And Frames Of War, Vera Mackie Jan 2012

The 'Afghan Girls': Media Representations And Frames Of War, Vera Mackie

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

In this article, I survey almost a decade of visual representations of Afghan women, which have emanated from first world media organizations and have circulated in transnational media space. Only one of the photographs is explicitly linked with a political discussion. However, all of the photographs contribute to a set of possible statements about veiling and unveiling. Through discourse analysis informed by a genealogical approach, I demonstrate how these photographs contribute to the constitution of a set of power relations whereby the United States and its Allies have sovereignty and where it seems 'natural' that these sovereign nations can intervene ...


Book Review Of J. L. Collins And V. Mayer (2010) Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform And The Race To The Bottom Of The Low-Wage Labor Market, Scott Burrows Jan 2012

Book Review Of J. L. Collins And V. Mayer (2010) Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform And The Race To The Bottom Of The Low-Wage Labor Market, Scott Burrows

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Jane L Collins and Victoria Mayer's book, Both Hands Tied: Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom of the Low-Wage Labor Market provides a timely analysis on the state of contemporary welfare reform in the USA with a focus on the lives of 33 women in Milwaukee and Racine, Wisconsin, As the book notes, these areas were formerly manufacturing centres but in the recent years have experienced deindustrialization and an emergent service-based economy that continues to have quite dramatic effects on the lives of low-wage workers.


A Partial Promise Of Voice: Digital Storytelling And The Limit Of Listening, Tanja Dreher Jan 2012

A Partial Promise Of Voice: Digital Storytelling And The Limit Of Listening, Tanja Dreher

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The continual rise of participatory, media offers increasing opportunities for nonprofessionals and marginalised communities to tell their stories. In the policy arena, Australia's Social Inclusion Agenda and international debates on indicators of well-being name 'voice' as a key capability for social inclusion and individual flourishing. In this article, I engage recent scholarship on 'listening' and 'voice that matters' to highlight the limits of the participatory media genre of digital storytelling and of the social inclusion category of 'voice'. The discussion is illustrated via examples from public launch events for 'mini-films' produced in digital storytelling projects facilitated by Information Cultural ...