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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Evaluation Of Inorganic Arsenic Exposure At Multi Metal Processing Facility. When Air Monitoring Alone Just Doesn't Work!, Stuart J. Roseberg, Jane L. Whitelaw Jan 2016

Evaluation Of Inorganic Arsenic Exposure At Multi Metal Processing Facility. When Air Monitoring Alone Just Doesn't Work!, Stuart J. Roseberg, Jane L. Whitelaw

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Metals smelting and processing has been associated with exposure to airborne inorganic arsenic and an increased risk of health effects. Biological monitoring on a metals processing site identified urinary arsenic concentrations exceeding corporate and ACGIH guidelines at levels associated with increased risks of health effects. Plant operators considered the inhalation of arsenic trioxide powder (As2O3), used in the process, as the source of their exposure. This study's initial objective was to determine operator exposures to airborne inorganic arsenic. Two groups of plant operators participated in full shift personal air monitoring and biological monitoring over their working weeks. In parallel ...


Diesel Exhaust Pollution: Chemical Monitoring And Cytotoxicity Assessment, Lucky Joeng, Shahnaz Bakand, Amanda Hayes Jan 2015

Diesel Exhaust Pollution: Chemical Monitoring And Cytotoxicity Assessment, Lucky Joeng, Shahnaz Bakand, Amanda Hayes

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Diesel engines are a significant source of nitrogen oxides (NOx) and particulate matter (PM) which may cause adverse health effects on the cardiovascular and pulmonary systems. There is little consistency between many studies to establish which engine parameter is a key factor to determine the toxicity of diesel exhaust. The aim of this study was to correlate engine operating systems with cytotoxicity using human cells. A dynamic direct exposure system containing human cells grown at the air liquid interface (ALI) was employed to expose human derived cells to diesel exhaust emitted under a range of engine loads. To determine correlation ...


Effects Of Problem Solving After Worked Example Study On Primary School Children's Monitoring Accuracy, Martine Baars, Tamara Van Gog, Anique De Bruin, Fred Paas Jan 2014

Effects Of Problem Solving After Worked Example Study On Primary School Children's Monitoring Accuracy, Martine Baars, Tamara Van Gog, Anique De Bruin, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research on expository text has shown that the accuracy of students' judgments of learning (JOLs) can be improved by instructional interventions that allow students to test their knowledge of the text. The present study extends this research, investigating whether allowing students to test the knowledge they acquired from studying a worked example by means of solving an identical problem, either immediately or delayed, would enhance JOL accuracy. Fifth grade children (i) gave an immediate JOL, (ii) a delayed JOL, (iii) solved a problem immediately and then gave a JOL, (iv) solved a problem immediately and gave a delayed JOL, or ...


The Feasibility Of Telephone Follow-Up Interviews For Monitoring Treatment Outcomes Of Australian Residential Drug And Alcohol Treatment Programs, Frank Deane, Peter James Kelly, Trevor Crowe, Geoffrey Lyons, Elizabeth Kate Cridland Jan 2014

The Feasibility Of Telephone Follow-Up Interviews For Monitoring Treatment Outcomes Of Australian Residential Drug And Alcohol Treatment Programs, Frank Deane, Peter James Kelly, Trevor Crowe, Geoffrey Lyons, Elizabeth Kate Cridland

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Telephone follow-up interviewing is one method of monitoring treatment outcomes of individuals involved in drug and alcohol treatment programs. The present study is the first to examine the feasibility and generalizability of data obtained from telephone follow-up interviews after drug and alcohol treatment in Australia. Methods: Participants attended 1 of 8 Salvation Army Recovery Service Centres where staff administered outcome measures at intake. Three-month postdischarge telephone follow-up interviews were conducted by researchers from the Illawarra Institute for Mental Health, University of Wollongong. Results: A sample of 700 clients was obtained for follow-up (582 males; 118 females). A 51% follow-up ...


Social Implications Of Wearable Computing And Augmediated Reality In Every Day Life (Ieee Symposium On Technology And Society, Istas13), Katina Michael Jun 2013

Social Implications Of Wearable Computing And Augmediated Reality In Every Day Life (Ieee Symposium On Technology And Society, Istas13), Katina Michael

Associate Professor Katina Michael

It was in July 2012 that Steve Mann and I corresponded on the possibility of hosting a conference on wearable computing in Toronto, Canada. Steve had just returned home from a family holiday to France and publicly blogged about an unfortunate incident that had happened to him while away. On 17th July 2012 he posted: “Physical assault by McDonald’s for wearing Digital Eye Glass”. We both knew the timing was right for such an event that was not just a technical engineering or applied orientation on the theme of smart worlds, but an event that would grapple with the ...


Monitoring The Impacts Of Trade Agreements On Food Environments, Sharon Friel, Libby Hattersley, W Snowdon, A -M Thow, T Lobstein, D Sanders, S Barquera, S Mohan, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, S Kumanyika, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullan, C Monteiro, Bruce Neal, M Rayner, G Sacks, Boyd A. Swinburn, S Vandevijvere, C Walker Jan 2013

Monitoring The Impacts Of Trade Agreements On Food Environments, Sharon Friel, Libby Hattersley, W Snowdon, A -M Thow, T Lobstein, D Sanders, S Barquera, S Mohan, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, S Kumanyika, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullan, C Monteiro, Bruce Neal, M Rayner, G Sacks, Boyd A. Swinburn, S Vandevijvere, C Walker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The liberalization of international trade and foreign direct investment through multilateral, regional and bilateral agreements has had profound implications for the structure and nature of food systems, and therefore, for the availability, nutritional quality, accessibility, price and promotion of foods in different locations. Public health attention has only relatively recently turned to the links between trade and investment agreements, diets and health, and there is currently no systematic monitoring of this area. This paper reviews the available evidence on the links between trade agreements, food environments and diets from an obesity and non-communicable disease (NCD) perspective. Based on the key ...


Monitoring And Benchmarking Population Diet Quality Globally: A Step-Wise Approach, S Vandevijvere, C Monteiro, S M. Krebs-Smith, A Lee, Boyd A. Swinburn, Bridget Kelly, Bruce Neal, W Snowdon, G Sacks Jan 2013

Monitoring And Benchmarking Population Diet Quality Globally: A Step-Wise Approach, S Vandevijvere, C Monteiro, S M. Krebs-Smith, A Lee, Boyd A. Swinburn, Bridget Kelly, Bruce Neal, W Snowdon, G Sacks

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

INFORMAS (International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support) aims to monitor and benchmark the healthiness of food environments globally. In order to assess the impact of food environments on population diets, it is necessary to monitor population diet quality between countries and over time. This paper reviews existing data sources suitable for monitoring population diet quality, and assesses their strengths and limitations. A step-wise framework is then proposed for monitoring population diet quality. Food balance sheets (FBaS), household budget and expenditure surveys (HBES) and food intake surveys are all suitable methods for assessing population ...


Informas (International Network For Food And Obesity/Non-Communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring And Action Support): Overview And Key Principles, Boyd A. Swinburn, G Sacks, S Vandevijvere, S Kumanyika, T Lobstein, Bruce Neal, S Barquera, Sharon Friel, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullan, S Mohan, C Monteiro, M Rayner, D Sanders, W Snowdon, C Walker Jan 2013

Informas (International Network For Food And Obesity/Non-Communicable Diseases Research, Monitoring And Action Support): Overview And Key Principles, Boyd A. Swinburn, G Sacks, S Vandevijvere, S Kumanyika, T Lobstein, Bruce Neal, S Barquera, Sharon Friel, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullan, S Mohan, C Monteiro, M Rayner, D Sanders, W Snowdon, C Walker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) dominate disease burdens globally and poor nutrition increasingly contributes to this global burden. Comprehensive monitoring of food environments, and evaluation of the impact of public and private sector policies on food environments is needed to strengthen accountability systems to reduce NCDs. The International Network for Food and Obesity/NCDs Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) is a global network of public-interest organizations and researchers that aims to monitor, benchmark and support public and private sector actions to create healthy food environments and reduce obesity, NCDs and their related inequalities. The INFORMAS framework includes two 'process' modules, that ...


Monitoring The Availability Of Healthy And Unhealthy Foods And Non-Alcoholic Beverages In Community And Consumer Retail Food Environments Globally, C N. Mhurchu, S Vandevijvere, W Waterlander, L E. Thornton, Bridget Kelly, A J. Cameron, W Snowdon, Boyd A. Swinburn Jan 2013

Monitoring The Availability Of Healthy And Unhealthy Foods And Non-Alcoholic Beverages In Community And Consumer Retail Food Environments Globally, C N. Mhurchu, S Vandevijvere, W Waterlander, L E. Thornton, Bridget Kelly, A J. Cameron, W Snowdon, Boyd A. Swinburn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Retail food environments are increasingly considered influential in determining dietary behaviours and health outcomes. We reviewed the available evidence on associations between community (type, availability and accessibility of food outlets) and consumer (product availability, prices, promotions and nutritional quality within stores) food environments and dietary outcomes in order to develop an evidence-based framework for monitoring the availability of healthy and unhealthy foods and non-alcoholic beverages in retail food environments. Current evidence is suggestive of an association between community and consumer food environments and dietary outcomes; however, substantial heterogeneity in study designs, methods and measurement tools makes it difficult to draw ...


Monitoring Policy And Actions On Food Environments: Rationale And Outline Of The Informas Policy Engagement And Communication Strategies, H Brinsden, T Lobstein, J Landon, V Kraak, G Sacks, S Kumanyika, Boyd A. Swinburn, S Barquera, Sharon Friel, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullen, S Mohan, C Monteiro, Bruce Neal, M Rayner, D Sanders, W Snowdon, S Vandevijvere, C Walker Jan 2013

Monitoring Policy And Actions On Food Environments: Rationale And Outline Of The Informas Policy Engagement And Communication Strategies, H Brinsden, T Lobstein, J Landon, V Kraak, G Sacks, S Kumanyika, Boyd A. Swinburn, S Barquera, Sharon Friel, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullen, S Mohan, C Monteiro, Bruce Neal, M Rayner, D Sanders, W Snowdon, S Vandevijvere, C Walker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The International Network for Food and Obesity/non-communicable diseases Research, Monitoring and Action Support (INFORMAS) proposes to collect performance indicators on food policies, actions and environments related to obesity and non-communicable diseases. This paper reviews existing communications strategies used for performance indicators and proposes the approach to be taken for INFORMAS. Twenty-seven scoring and rating tools were identified in various fields of public health including alcohol, tobacco, physical activity, infant feeding and food environments. These were compared based on the types of indicators used and how they were quantified, scoring methods, presentation and the communication and reporting strategies used. There ...


Developing A Standardized Approach For Monitoring Food Marketing To Children, Bridget Kelly, Lesley King, Louise Baur, Boyd A. Swinburn, M Rayner, T Lobstein, J Macmullan, S Mohan Jan 2013

Developing A Standardized Approach For Monitoring Food Marketing To Children, Bridget Kelly, Lesley King, Louise Baur, Boyd A. Swinburn, M Rayner, T Lobstein, J Macmullan, S Mohan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 22-25 May 2013, Ghent, Belgium


Building The Case For Independent Monitoring Of Food Advertising On Australian Television, Lesley King, Lana Hebden, Anne Grunseit, Bridget Kelly, Kathy Chapman Jan 2013

Building The Case For Independent Monitoring Of Food Advertising On Australian Television, Lesley King, Lana Hebden, Anne Grunseit, Bridget Kelly, Kathy Chapman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective To provide an independent monitoring report examining the ongoing impact of Australian self-regulatory pledges on food and drink advertising to children on commercial television.

Design Analysis of food advertisements across comparable sample time periods in April/May 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010 and 2011. The main outcome measure comprised change in the mean rate of non-core food advertisements from 2006 to 2011.

Setting Sydney free-to-air television channels.

Subjects Televised food advertisements.

Results In 2011 the rate of non-core food advertisements was not significantly different from that in 2006 or 2010 (3·2/h v. 4·1/h and 3·1 ...


Exposure Assessment Of Greenhouse Workers With Anti- Cholinesterase Pesticides By Biological Monitoring, Shahnaz Bakand, Y Dehghani, M R. Gohari, M Mosadegh, S Mirmohammadi Jan 2012

Exposure Assessment Of Greenhouse Workers With Anti- Cholinesterase Pesticides By Biological Monitoring, Shahnaz Bakand, Y Dehghani, M R. Gohari, M Mosadegh, S Mirmohammadi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background and Aims: Organophosphate compounds are the most popular insecticides with the widespread application in pest control. These toxic compounds interfere with the blood cholinesterase and inhibit the cholinestarse activity.Measurement of Cholinesterase activity is widely used for diagnosis of poisoning and adverse effects caused by pesticides. Green-house workers are one of the important occupational groups with the high risk of poisoning with organophosphate and karbamat pesticides .The purpose of this study was to assess the exposure of green-house workers with anti-cholinesterase toxic compounds by measuring the blood cholinesterase activity using electrometric method. Methods: This research is a descriptive cross ...


Routine Outcome Monitoring And Feedback On Physical Or Mental Health Status: Evidence And Theory, Ingrid V. Carlier, Denise Meuldijk, Irene M. Van Vliet, Esther M. Van Fenema, Nic J. Van Der Wee, Frans G. Zitman Jan 2012

Routine Outcome Monitoring And Feedback On Physical Or Mental Health Status: Evidence And Theory, Ingrid V. Carlier, Denise Meuldijk, Irene M. Van Vliet, Esther M. Van Fenema, Nic J. Van Der Wee, Frans G. Zitman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives: Routine Outcome Monitoring (ROM) is an important quality tool for measuring outcome of treatment in health care. The objective of this article is to summarize the evidence base that supports the provision of feedback on ROM results to (mental) health care professionals and patients. Also, some relevant theoretical aspects are considered. Methods: Literature study (Pubmed, Medline, PsychINFO, Embase Psychiatry, 1975-2009) concerning randomized controlled trials (RTC's) of ROM and feedback on physical or mental health status of patients of all ages. Main search terms were routine outcome monitoring/measurement, feedback, health status measurement, patient reported outcome measures. Results: Included ...


Empirische Evidence Voor De Effectiviteit Van Routine Outcome Monitoring; Een Literatuuronderzoek, Ingrid V. Carlier, Denise Meuldijk, Irene M. Van Vliet, Esther M. Van Fenema, Nic J. Van Der Wee, Frans G. Zitman Jan 2012

Empirische Evidence Voor De Effectiviteit Van Routine Outcome Monitoring; Een Literatuuronderzoek, Ingrid V. Carlier, Denise Meuldijk, Irene M. Van Vliet, Esther M. Van Fenema, Nic J. Van Der Wee, Frans G. Zitman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

achtergrond Routine outcome monitoring (ROM) is een belangrijk kwaliteitsinstrument om effecten van behandeling zichtbaar te maken en wordt landelijk geïmplementeerd in de Nederlandse ggz. doel Evalueren van de wetenschappelijke stand van zaken betreffende de effectiviteit van ROM voor diagnostiek, behandeling en andere uitkomsten. methode Literatuuronderzoek in PubMed, Medline, Psycinfo en Embase Psychiatry (1975-2009) naar gerandomiseerde gecontroleerde trials (rct's) van ROM bij alle leeftijdsgroepen patiënten (algemeen en ggz). De voornaamste zoektermen waren 'routine outcome monitoring' c.q. 'routine outcome measurement'. resultaten Er werden 52 rct's geïncludeerd betreffende ROM bij volwassen patiënten. Hiervan waren 45 rct's gericht op psychische ...


Monitoring And Evaluation Of The Effective Implementation Of The Foundation Phase (Meeifp) Project Across Wales, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Kathy Sylva, Janet Laugharne, Emmajane Milton, Frances Charles Jan 2005

Monitoring And Evaluation Of The Effective Implementation Of The Foundation Phase (Meeifp) Project Across Wales, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Kathy Sylva, Janet Laugharne, Emmajane Milton, Frances Charles

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The Foundation Phase (FP) is a Welsh Assembly Government, national reform covering the combined 3-5 Early Years and Key Stage 1 provision (children aged between three and seven). In September 2004, the first stage of the pilot commenced in 41 pilot settings across the 22 local authorities in Wales for 3-5 year olds only. The 41 pilot settings will continue in 2005-2006 with Year 1 children (and some Year 2 children where mixed classes are operating) coming on board in the maintained sector and similarly Year 2 in 2006-2007.

The Foundation Phase proposes a continuum of learning for children from ...


Identifying And Monitoring Changes In Special Educational Needs In The Early Years, Karen Hanna, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart Jan 2005

Identifying And Monitoring Changes In Special Educational Needs In The Early Years, Karen Hanna, Edward Melhuish, Louise Quinn, Kathy Sylva, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This longitudinal study assesses the attainment and development of children followed from the age of 3 until the end of Key Stage 1 (age 8). Over 700 children were recruited to the study during 1998 and 1999 from 80 pre-school centres in Northern Ireland. Both qualitative and quantitative methods are used to explore the effects of pre-school experience on children's cognitive attainment and social/behavioural development at entry to school and any continuing effects on such outcomes up to 8 years of age. In addition to the effects of pre-school experience, the study investigates the contribution to children's ...