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University of Wollongong

Education

Crime

Articles 1 - 8 of 8

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Crime And Victimisation In People With Intellectual Disability: A Case Linkage Study, Billy C. Fogden, Stuart Dm Thomas, Michael D. Daffern, James R. P Ogloff Jan 2016

Crime And Victimisation In People With Intellectual Disability: A Case Linkage Study, Billy C. Fogden, Stuart Dm Thomas, Michael D. Daffern, James R. P Ogloff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background Studies have suggested that people with intellectual disability are disproportionately involved in crime both as perpetrators and victims. Method A case linkage design used three Australian contact-level databases, from disability services, public mental health services and police records. Rates of contact, and official records of victimisation and criminal charges were compared to those in a community sample without intellectual disability. Results Although people with intellectual disability were significantly less likely to have an official record of victimisation and offending overall, their rates of violent and sexual victimisation and offending were significantly higher. The presence of comorbid mental illness considerably ...


A Commentary On Ritual And The Production Of Crime Control Policy In New Zealand, Juan M. Tauri Jan 2016

A Commentary On Ritual And The Production Of Crime Control Policy In New Zealand, Juan M. Tauri

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This commentary highlights the way(s) that ritual plays a significant role in the development of crime control policy in New Zealand. The actions of New Zealand's crime control policy sector is chosen as the focus for the commentary because of its ability to significantly impact individuals and communities through its close relationship with Cabinet, the development and implementation of legislation, and access to significant financial resources. A further motivation is the authors' desire to demystify the heavily ritualised, mythological context that surrounds the policy process and that aids in screening their work from critical scrutiny. The importance of ...


Is More Area-Level Crime Associated With More Sitting And Less Physical Activity? Longitudinal Evidence From 37,162 Australians, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory S. Kolt, Bin Jalaludin Jan 2016

Is More Area-Level Crime Associated With More Sitting And Less Physical Activity? Longitudinal Evidence From 37,162 Australians, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory S. Kolt, Bin Jalaludin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Does a rise in crime result in increased sitting time and a reduction in physical activity? We used unobserved (“fixed”)-effects models to examine associations between change in objectively measured crime (nondomestic violence, malicious damage, breaking and entering, and stealing, theft, and robbery) in Australia and measures of sitting time, walking, and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in a residentially stable sample of 17,474 men and 19,688 women at baseline (2006–2008) and follow-up (2009–2010). Possible sources of time-varying confounding included age, income, economic status, relationship (couple) status, and physical functioning. In adjusted models, an increase in all ...


Understanding The Effects Of Crime On Women: Fear And Well-Being In The Context Of Diverse Relationships, Natalia K. Hanley, Leah Ruppanner Jan 2015

Understanding The Effects Of Crime On Women: Fear And Well-Being In The Context Of Diverse Relationships, Natalia K. Hanley, Leah Ruppanner

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The risk-fear paradox, whereby people who experience the least criminal victimisation report the greatest fear of crime, has been established in the extant literature. That this paradox is gendered, notably that women report greater fear yet are less likely to experience crime, has also been consistently identified. However, there remains a largely unanswered call to explore further the distinctive experiences of women and men. There are likely to be substantial within-group differences as well as between-group differences in experiences of crime and reported fear of crime. For instance, women may experience fear differently by relationship type. Specifically, women in non-traditional ...


Identifying The Impact Of Local Crime On Mental Health: A Longitudinal Fixed Effects Analysis, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt, Bin Jalaludin Jan 2014

Identifying The Impact Of Local Crime On Mental Health: A Longitudinal Fixed Effects Analysis, Thomas Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng, Gregory Kolt, Bin Jalaludin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the Society for Social Medicine 58th Annual Scientific Meeting, 10-12 September 2014, Oxford, United Kingdom


The Impact Of Neighbourhood Crime On Physical Activity: Evidence From 203,883 Australians, Gregory Kolt, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng Jan 2014

The Impact Of Neighbourhood Crime On Physical Activity: Evidence From 203,883 Australians, Gregory Kolt, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Xiaoqi Feng

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at Be Active 2014, 15-18 October 2014, Canberra, Australia


A Case-Linkage Study Of Crime Victimisation In Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders Over A Period Of Deinstitutionalisation, Tamsin B.R. Short, Stuart Dm Thomas, Steven Luebbers, Paul E. Mullen, James R. Ogloff Jan 2013

A Case-Linkage Study Of Crime Victimisation In Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders Over A Period Of Deinstitutionalisation, Tamsin B.R. Short, Stuart Dm Thomas, Steven Luebbers, Paul E. Mullen, James R. Ogloff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Despite high rates of self-reported crime victimisation, no study to date has compared official victimisation records of people with severe mental illness with a random community sample. Accordingly, this study sought to determine whether persons with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders have higher rates of recorded victimisation than the general population, and to explore whether there have been changes in rates of recorded victimisation over a period of deinstitutionalisation.

Methods: The schizophrenia-spectrum cases were drawn from a state-wide public mental health register, comprising all persons first diagnosed with a schizophrenic illness in five year cohorts between 1975 - 2005. The criminal histories of ...


Enhancing Offender Recall Of Their Crime As A Strategy To Improve Treatment Responsivity, Mitchell K. Byrne Jan 2000

Enhancing Offender Recall Of Their Crime As A Strategy To Improve Treatment Responsivity, Mitchell K. Byrne

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 34th Annual Conference of the Australian Psychological Society 'The Brain Games' 3rd-7th October 2000 National Convention Centre, Canberra ACT