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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler Jan 2018

Two Studies Of The Empirical Basis Of Two Learning Resource-Oriented Motivational Strategies For Gifted Educators, Anamaria Vladut, Wilma Vialle, Albert Ziegler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Two learning resource-oriented motivational strategies for gifted educators are introduced: a homeostatic orientation that aims for balance and an allostatic orientation that aims at growth. In order to establish the empirical basis of these motivational strategies, two studies were conducted with samples of students from a specialized post-secondary business school who were enrolled in grades 11–13. Study 1 focused on the empirical basis of the homeostatic orientation. It was shown that the availability of learning resources is associated with two forms of balance within an actiotope: robustness and resilience. Furthermore, it could be shown that the effects of exogenous ...


Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2018

Effect Of Cannabis Use In People With Chronic Non-Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids: Findings From A 4-Year Prospective Cohort Study, Gabrielle Campbell, Wayne Hall, Amy Peacock, Nicholas Lintzeris, Raimondo Bruno, Briony K. Larance, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Gary Chan, Richard P. Mattick, Fiona Blyth, Marian D. Shanahan, Timothy Dobbins, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Interest in the use of cannabis and cannabinoids to treat chronic non-cancer pain is increasing, because of their potential to reduce opioid dose requirements. We aimed to investigate cannabis use in people living with chronic non-cancer pain who had been prescribed opioids, including their reasons for use and perceived effectiveness of cannabis; associations between amount of cannabis use and pain, mental health, and opioid use; the effect of cannabis use on pain severity and interference over time; and potential opioid-sparing effects of cannabis. Methods The Pain and Opioids IN Treatment study is a prospective, national, observational cohort of people ...


Pacific Islands Field Education (Pife): 2017 Report, Jioji Ravulo Jan 2018

Pacific Islands Field Education (Pife): 2017 Report, Jioji Ravulo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Celebrating its 5th year, the Pacific Islands Field Education (PIFE) initiative continues to implement new and innovative approaches to developing placement opportunities for social work students through Western Sydney University alongside its partnering institution, the University of the South Pacific. Since 2012, thirty-two undergraduate students have successfully completed their final fourth year placement in the Pacific, with the view to also support the development of teaching and learning practices on Pacific social work, and the desire to further enhance the evolving professional identity of social work across Oceania. In 2017, the initiative saw 12 undergraduate students sent (our biggest cohort ...


Inclination Towards Research And The Pursuit Of A Research Career Among Medical Students: An International Cohort Study, Tam C. Ha, Sheryl Ng, Cynthia Chen, Sook Kwin Yong, Gerald Choon Huat Koh, Say Beng Tan, Rahul Malhotra, Fernando Altermatt, Arnfinn Seim, Aya Biderman, Torres Woolley, Truls Ostbye Jan 2018

Inclination Towards Research And The Pursuit Of A Research Career Among Medical Students: An International Cohort Study, Tam C. Ha, Sheryl Ng, Cynthia Chen, Sook Kwin Yong, Gerald Choon Huat Koh, Say Beng Tan, Rahul Malhotra, Fernando Altermatt, Arnfinn Seim, Aya Biderman, Torres Woolley, Truls Ostbye

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Involvement of clinicians in biomedical research is imperative for the future of healthcare. Several factors influence clinicians' inclination towards research: the medical school experience, exposure to research article reading and writing, and knowledge of research. This cohort study follows up medical students at time of graduation to explore changes in their inclination towards research and pursuing a research career compared to their inclination at time of entry into medical school. Methods: Students from medical schools in six different countries were enrolled in their first year of school and followed-up upon graduation in their final year. Students answered the same ...


Shores: Sharks, Nets And More-Than-Human Territory In Eastern Australia, Leah Maree Gibbs Jan 2018

Shores: Sharks, Nets And More-Than-Human Territory In Eastern Australia, Leah Maree Gibbs

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In Australia, for eight months of each year Sydney's most popular beaches are laced with fishing nets. Stretching 150 metres (492 feet) across, and set within 500 metres (1,640 feet) of the shore, the nets are anchored off fifty-one beaches between Newcastle in the north and Wollongong in the south. The aim of the Shark Meshing (Bather Protection) Program NSW is to reduce the risk of dangerous encounters between sharks and people, and specifically to deter sharks from establishing territories (Department of Primary Industries NSW 2009, 2015). Program managers achieve such ends by devising and deploying tools and ...


Community Mobilization To Modify Harmful Gender Norms And Reduce Hiv Risk: Results From A Community Cluster Randomized Trial In South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri Lippman, Ann Gottert, Chirayath Suchindran, Amanda Selin, Dean Peacock, Suzanne Maman, Dumisani Rebombo, Rhian Twine, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Catherine L. Mac Phail Jan 2018

Community Mobilization To Modify Harmful Gender Norms And Reduce Hiv Risk: Results From A Community Cluster Randomized Trial In South Africa, Audrey Pettifor, Sheri Lippman, Ann Gottert, Chirayath Suchindran, Amanda Selin, Dean Peacock, Suzanne Maman, Dumisani Rebombo, Rhian Twine, Francesc Xavier Gomez-Olive, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Catherine L. Mac Phail

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: Community mobilization (CM) is increasingly recognized as critical to generating changes in social norms and behaviours needed to achieve reductions in HIV. We conducted a CM intervention to modify negative gender norms, particularly among men, in order to reduce associated HIV risk.

Methods: Twenty two villages in the Agincourt Health and Socio‐Demographic Surveillance Site in rural Mpumalanga, South Africa were randomized to either a theory‐based, gender transformative, CM intervention or no intervention. Two cross‐sectional, population‐based surveys were conducted in 2012 (pre‐intervention, n = 600 women; n = 581 men) and 2014 (post‐intervention, n = 600 women ...


Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Affective Wellbeing Among Adolescents: An Observational Study Of The Moderating Roles Of Autonomous And Controlled Motivation, Rhiannon L. White, Philip Parker, David R. Lubans, Freya Macmillan, Rebecca Olson, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale Jan 2018

Domain-Specific Physical Activity And Affective Wellbeing Among Adolescents: An Observational Study Of The Moderating Roles Of Autonomous And Controlled Motivation, Rhiannon L. White, Philip Parker, David R. Lubans, Freya Macmillan, Rebecca Olson, Thomas E. Astell-Burt, Chris Lonsdale

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Abundant evidence demonstrates a relationship between physical activity and mental wellbeing. However, the strength of the relationship is not consistent. Factors contributing to variation in the strength of association are not well understood and, therefore, it remains difficult to optimize physical activity to ensure the strongest possible relationship with mental health. Self-determination theory suggests that more autonomously motivated behaviors lead to better mental health outcomes, when compared to more controlled behaviors. Therefore, we examined whether autonomous and controlled motivation moderated the relationships between physical activity and affective wellbeing within two domains (i.e., leisure-time and active travel). Methods: Between ...


Importance Of Welfare And Ethics Competence Regarding Animals Kept For Scientific Purposes To Veterinary Students In Australia And New Zealand, Teresa Collins, Amelia Cornish, Jennifer Hood, Christopher J. Degeling, Andrew D. Fisher, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jane Johnson, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy Jan 2018

Importance Of Welfare And Ethics Competence Regarding Animals Kept For Scientific Purposes To Veterinary Students In Australia And New Zealand, Teresa Collins, Amelia Cornish, Jennifer Hood, Christopher J. Degeling, Andrew D. Fisher, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jane Johnson, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Veterinarians are in a strong position of social influence on animal-related issues. Hence, veterinary schools have an opportunity to raise animal health and welfare standards by improving veterinary students' animal welfare and ethics (AWE) education, including that related to animals used for scientific purposes. A survey of 818 students in the early, mid, and senior stages of their courses at all eight veterinary schools across Australia and New Zealand was undertaken on their first day of practice (or Day One Competences) to explore how veterinary students viewed the importance of their competence in the management of welfare and ethical decision-making ...


Ranking Of Production Animalwelfare And Ethics Issues In Australia And New Zealand By Veterinary Students, Amelia Cornish, Andrew D. Fisher, Teresa Collins, Christopher J. Degeling, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jennifer Hood, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy Jan 2018

Ranking Of Production Animalwelfare And Ethics Issues In Australia And New Zealand By Veterinary Students, Amelia Cornish, Andrew D. Fisher, Teresa Collins, Christopher J. Degeling, Rafael Freire, Susan J. Hazel, Jennifer Hood, Janice Lloyd, Clive J. C Phillips, Kevin Stafford, Vicky Tzioumis, Paul Mcgreevy

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The importance of animal welfare and ethics (AWE) within the veterinary education should reflect community concerns and expectations about AWE, and the professional demands of veterinary accreditation on the first day of practice (or 'Day One' competences). Currently, much interest and debate surrounds the treatment of production animals, particularly around live export. To explore the attitudes to AWE of veterinary students in Australia and New Zealand, a survey was undertaken to (i) understand what students consider important AWE topics for initial production animal competence; and (ii) ascertain how these priorities correlated with gender, area of intended practice and stage-of-study. The ...


Assembling Placemaking: Making And Remaking Place In A Regenerating City, Jill Sweeney, Kathy Mee, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Kristian J. Ruming Jan 2018

Assembling Placemaking: Making And Remaking Place In A Regenerating City, Jill Sweeney, Kathy Mee, Pauline M. Mcguirk, Kristian J. Ruming

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Placemaking is increasingly drawn upon by planners, city authorities and citizens as a means of reclaiming, remaking and regenerating urban space. Yet understandings of placemaking and the work it may entail can vary markedly. Often, planning discourse and placemaking literature conceive of placemaking as a singular material change to a landscape, a project that is complete once installation has finished. In contrast, we see placemaking as an open-ended achievement, constituted through diverse and dynamic assemblages and realised through a multiplicity of post-installation labours. We draw on a case study of Newcastle, Australia, to highlight these labours, the affective, contingent work ...


The Problem Isn't Dockless Share Bikes. It's The Lack Of Bike Parking, Glen Fuller, Gordon R. Waitt, Ian M. Buchanan Jan 2018

The Problem Isn't Dockless Share Bikes. It's The Lack Of Bike Parking, Glen Fuller, Gordon R. Waitt, Ian M. Buchanan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

It's a local government truism that Australian city dwellers care about only three things - rates, rubbish and parking. They want lower rates, the freedom to turf out as much trash as they like, and convenient free car parking. The arrival of dockless share bikes set these attitudes towards parking and rubbish on a collision course.


How Do People Belong In The Pacific? Introduction To This Issue, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jioji Ravulo Jan 2018

How Do People Belong In The Pacific? Introduction To This Issue, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon, Jioji Ravulo

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In early 2016, the two editors of this issue met together to discuss our common research interests. At that time, one of us (Jioji Ravulo) was a Senior Lecturer in the School of Social Sciences and Psychology at Western Sydney University (WSU), and the other of us (Camellia Webb-Gannon) was a Research Fellow in the School of Humanities and Communication Arts at the same institution. Camellia, whose research focuses on decolonisation in Melanesia, had recently returned from the 2016 Australian Association for Pacific Studies (AAPS) conference in Cairns at which she had hoped she would meet other researchers of the ...


Unhealthy Food And Non-Alcoholic Beverage Advertising On Children's, Youth And Family Free-To-Air And Digital Television Programmes In Thailand, Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd, Viroj Tangcharoensathien Jan 2018

Unhealthy Food And Non-Alcoholic Beverage Advertising On Children's, Youth And Family Free-To-Air And Digital Television Programmes In Thailand, Nongnuch Jaichuen, Stefanie Vandevijvere, Bridget Kelly, Vuthiphan Vongmongkol, Sirinya Phulkerd, Viroj Tangcharoensathien

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Food advertising is a key factor which influences children's food preferences. This study assessed the rates, nutritional quality and contents of food and beverage advertising in children's, youth and family television programmes in Thailand. Methods: Free TV was recorded for two weeks in March 2014 from six to ten am and three to eight pm on weekends and three to eight pm on weekdays across all four channels; a total of 344 h recorded. Digital TV was recorded across three channels for one week for 24 h per day in October 2014; a total 504 h recorded ...


Should Women Aged 70-74 Be Invited To Participate In Screening Mammography? A Report On Two Australian Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Alexandra Barratt, Sanchia Aranda, Robin J. Bell, Jenny Doust, Nehmat Houssami, Jolyn Hersch, Ruben Sakowsky, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2018

Should Women Aged 70-74 Be Invited To Participate In Screening Mammography? A Report On Two Australian Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Alexandra Barratt, Sanchia Aranda, Robin J. Bell, Jenny Doust, Nehmat Houssami, Jolyn Hersch, Ruben Sakowsky, Vikki A. Entwistle, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective To elicit informed views from Australian women aged 70-74 regarding the acceptability of ceasing to invite women their age to participate in government-funded mammography screening (BreastScreen). Design Two community juries held in 2017. Setting Greater Sydney, a metropolis of 4.5 million people in New South Wales, Australia. Participants 34 women aged 70-74 with no personal history of breast cancer, recruited by random digit dialling and previously randomly recruited list-based samples. Main outcomes and measures Jury verdict and rationale in response to structured questions. We transcribed audio-recorded jury proceedings and identified central reasons for the jury's decision. Results ...


Re-Thinking Knowledge Landscapes In The Context Of Grounded Aboriginal Theory And Online Health Communication, Kishan A. Kariippanon, Kate Senior Jan 2018

Re-Thinking Knowledge Landscapes In The Context Of Grounded Aboriginal Theory And Online Health Communication, Kishan A. Kariippanon, Kate Senior

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Aboriginal people of North East Arnhem Land, Australia, are a diverse community speaking several languages, but united through a kinship system connecting individuals and clans between two moieties of the Yolngu nation: the Yirritja and Dhuwa.


Assessing The Public Acceptability Of Proposed Policy Interventions To Reduce The Misuse Of Antibiotics In Australia: A Report On Two Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Johnson, Jon Iredell, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Jacqueline M. Norris, John Turnidge, Angus Dawson, Stacy M. Carter, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert Jan 2018

Assessing The Public Acceptability Of Proposed Policy Interventions To Reduce The Misuse Of Antibiotics In Australia: A Report On Two Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Johnson, Jon Iredell, Ky-Anh Nguyen, Jacqueline M. Norris, John Turnidge, Angus Dawson, Stacy M. Carter, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To elicit the views of well-informed community members on the acceptability of proposed policy interventions designed to improve community use of antibiotics in Australia. Design: Two community juries held in 2016. Setting and participants: Western Sydney and Dubbo communities in NSW, Australia. Twenty-nine participants of diverse social and cultural backgrounds, mixed genders and ages recruited via public advertising: one jury was drawn from a large metropolitan setting; the other from a regional/rural setting. Main outcome measure: Jury verdict and rationale in response to a prioritization task and structured questions. Results: Both juries concluded that potential policy interventions to ...


Pram Mobilities: Affordances And Atmospheres That Assemble Childhood And Motherhood On-The-Move, Susannah Clement, Gordon R. Waitt Jan 2018

Pram Mobilities: Affordances And Atmospheres That Assemble Childhood And Motherhood On-The-Move, Susannah Clement, Gordon R. Waitt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The child-friendly city advocates for children's 'right to the city'. Much of this advocacy focuses on the independent child, with little attention paid to the accompanied experiences of younger children, such as those travelling in prams. This paper draws on a material feminist perspective to help address this gap. We offer the concept of mother-child-pram assemblage to bring to the fore the corporeal dimensions of everyday pram journeys. By analysing sensory ethnographic materials collected with mothers and young children living in Wollongong, Australia, this paper highlights how the 'affective affordances' and 'affective atmospheres' of pram mobilities shape urban experience ...


A Qualitative Exploration Of Thai Alcohol Policy In Regulating Availability And Access, Ratchakorn Kaewpramkusol, Kate Senior, Richard D. Chenhall, Sutham Nanthamongkolchai, Surasak Chaiyasong Jan 2018

A Qualitative Exploration Of Thai Alcohol Policy In Regulating Availability And Access, Ratchakorn Kaewpramkusol, Kate Senior, Richard D. Chenhall, Sutham Nanthamongkolchai, Surasak Chaiyasong

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Despite abundant alcohol control regulations and measures in Thailand, prevalence of alcohol consumption has been relatively steady for the past decade and alcohol-related harm remains high. This study aims to explore, through the perspectives of key public health stakeholders, the current performance of regulations controlling alcohol availability and access, and the future directions for the implementation of Thai alcohol policy. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with public health stakeholders from three sectors; the government, academia and civil society. Their perceptions about the current alcohol situation, gaps in the current policies, and future directions of alcohol policy were discussed. Audio ...


Assessing Children's Cognitive Flexibility With The Shape Trail Test, Amy Yc Chan, Sarah Morgan Jan 2018

Assessing Children's Cognitive Flexibility With The Shape Trail Test, Amy Yc Chan, Sarah Morgan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 Chan, Morgan. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. In this paper we report an initial validation of the Shape Trail Test-Child Version (STT-CV) with a non-clinical sample of children aged 6 to 9 years. The STT-CV has been developed as an age-appropriate and culturally fair direct downward extension of the Trail Making Test (TMT) for the assessment of cognitive flexibility. Children completed the STT-CV and four established measures of executive functions ...


Establishing A Framework For Learning To Teach English Pronunciation In An Australian Tesol Program, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, Honglin Chen Jan 2018

Establishing A Framework For Learning To Teach English Pronunciation In An Australian Tesol Program, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker, Honglin Chen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A substantial number of studies have been conducted in various second language teacher education settings. Yet, evidence about the effectiveness of teacher preparation continues to be debated and research findings about the efficacy of preparing language teachers are still somewhat inconclusive. As a further complication, even though pronunciation has regained some of its prominence in second language teaching, only minimal understanding exists about the preparation of pronunciation instructors in teacher education. The aim of this paper is to address this gap and to advance our understanding of teacher learning by first combining the findings from four research-based articles on learning ...


Factors Associated With Under-Five Mortality In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The Bhutan National Health Survey 2012, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Deki Dema Jan 2018

Factors Associated With Under-Five Mortality In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The Bhutan National Health Survey 2012, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Deki Dema

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: As an important marker for health equity and access, under-five mortality (UFM) is a primary measure for socioeconomic development. The importance of reducing UFM has been further emphasized in an ambitious target under Sustainable Development Goals. The factors influencing UFM are not adequately understood in Bhutan. Methods: The most recent dataset of the Bhutan National Health Survey (BNHS) 2012 was used in this study. Multiple logistic regression analysis using a backwards elimination approach was performed to identify significant factors influencing UFM. All statistical analyses were adjusted for the complex study design due to the multistage stratified cluster sampling used ...


Managing The Risk Of Hendra Virus Spillover In Australia Using Ecological Approaches: A Report On Three Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Edward Annand, Melanie R. Taylor, Michael Walsh, Michael P. Ward, Andrew Wilson, Jane Johnson Jan 2018

Managing The Risk Of Hendra Virus Spillover In Australia Using Ecological Approaches: A Report On Three Community Juries, Christopher J. Degeling, Gwendolyn L. Gilbert, Edward Annand, Melanie R. Taylor, Michael Walsh, Michael P. Ward, Andrew Wilson, Jane Johnson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

BACKGROUND: Hendra virus (HeV) infection is endemic in Australian flying-fox populations. Habitat loss has increased the peri-urban presence of flying-foxes, increasing the risk of contact and therefore viral 'spillovers' into horse and human populations. An equine vaccine is available and horse-husbandry practices that minimize HeV exposure are encouraged, but their adoption is suboptimal. Ecological approaches-such as habitat creation and conservation-could complement vaccination and behavioural strategies by reducing spillover risks, but these are controversial. METHODS: We convened three community juries (two regional; one metropolitan) to elicit the views of well-informed citizens on the acceptability of adding ecological approaches to current interventions ...


Application Of A 10 Week Coaching Program Designed To Facilitate Volitional Personality Change: Overall Effects On Personality And The Impact Of Targeting, Jonathan Allan, Peter R. Leeson, Filip De Fruyt, Lesley S. Martin Jan 2018

Application Of A 10 Week Coaching Program Designed To Facilitate Volitional Personality Change: Overall Effects On Personality And The Impact Of Targeting, Jonathan Allan, Peter R. Leeson, Filip De Fruyt, Lesley S. Martin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The current study explored the outcomes of a 10 week coaching program designed to facilitate volitional personality change. It also explored the impact of targeting specific personality facets on change. This research builds upon the burgeoning literature challenging the view that personality is fixed. The results of the study indicated that the 10 week program resulted in significant increases in participant's conscientiousness and extraversion and significant decreases in neuroticism. These changes were maintained 3 months post-intervention for neuroticism and extraversion. Targeting of associated facets significantly interacted with time during the intervention period for emotionality and conscientiousness, but not for ...


Clinical Issues In Cannabis Use, Yvonne Bonomo, Jose Souza, Aidan Jackson, Jose Crippa, Nadia Solowij Jan 2018

Clinical Issues In Cannabis Use, Yvonne Bonomo, Jose Souza, Aidan Jackson, Jose Crippa, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018 The British Pharmacological Society Cannabis is the most commonly used illicit substance worldwide and the prevalence of users continues to increase. Over the last 2 decades, the world has seen significant changes regarding cannabis for recreational use as well as application in its use as a therapeutic medicine. This is likely to have influenced the decreasing perception of risks associated with the use of cannabis. Cannabis, however, is not benign and, depending on the pattern of its use, can incur a range of harmful effects, which have implications when prescribing medicinal cannabinoids for individuals. Based on research evidence from ...


Co-Thought Gesturing Supports More Complex Problem Solving In Subjects With Lower Visual Working-Memory Capacity, Charly Eielts, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Kim Ouwehand, Tamara Van Gog, Rolf A. Zwaan, Fred Paas Jan 2018

Co-Thought Gesturing Supports More Complex Problem Solving In Subjects With Lower Visual Working-Memory Capacity, Charly Eielts, Wim T. J. L Pouw, Kim Ouwehand, Tamara Van Gog, Rolf A. Zwaan, Fred Paas

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

During silent problem solving, hand gestures arise that have no communicative intent. The role of such co-thought gestures in cognition has been understudied in cognitive research as compared to co-speech gestures. We investigated whether gesticulation during silent problem solving supported subsequent performance in a Tower of Hanoi problem-solving task, in relation to visual working-memory capacity and task complexity. Seventy-six participants were assigned to either an instructed gesture condition or a condition that allowed them to gesture, but without explicit instructions to do so. This resulted in three gesture groups: (1) non-gesturing; (2) spontaneous gesturing; (3) instructed gesturing. In line with ...


Village Community Mobilization Is Associated With Reduced Hiv Incidence In Young South African Women Participating In The Hptn 068 Study Cohort, Sheri Lippman, Anna Leddy, Torsten Neilands, Jennifer Ahern, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Ryan Wagner, Dean Peacock, Rhian Twine, Dana Goin, F Gomez-Olive, Amanda Selin, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor Jan 2018

Village Community Mobilization Is Associated With Reduced Hiv Incidence In Young South African Women Participating In The Hptn 068 Study Cohort, Sheri Lippman, Anna Leddy, Torsten Neilands, Jennifer Ahern, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Ryan Wagner, Dean Peacock, Rhian Twine, Dana Goin, F Gomez-Olive, Amanda Selin, Stephen Tollman, Kathleen Kahn, Audrey Pettifor

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction: Adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) in South Africa bear a disproportionate burden of HIV. Community mobilization (CM), defined as community members taking collective action to achieve a common goal related to health, equity and rights, has been associated with increased HIV testing and condom use and has been called a 'critical enabler' for addressing the HIV epidemic. However, limited research has examined whether CM is associated with HIV incidence among AGYW. Methods: We examine the association of CM with incident HIV among AGYW (ages 13 to 21) enrolled in the HPTN 068 cohort in the Agincourt Health and ...


Lessons From The Aboriginal Riverkeeper Team Project, Georges River, Sydney, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2018

Lessons From The Aboriginal Riverkeeper Team Project, Georges River, Sydney, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Aboriginal Riverkeeper Team (ART) project operated within Sydney's Georges River catchment between 2014-2017. The project employed an Aboriginal project manager, and a team supervisor (non-Indigenous) to lead a small, full-time team of Aboriginal trainees. The eight trainees gained qualified in Certificate II Conservation and Land Management (CLM), and four of these trainees completed Cert. III Indigenous Land Management (ILM). The project incorporated strong Aboriginal cultural components through engagement with Local Aboriginal Land Councils (LALCs), Elders and knowledge holders. The project involved numerous partners and was funded by the Australian Government. The project was delivered by consultants Eco Logical ...


Vection Is Enhanced By Increased Exposure To Optic Flow, Takeharu Seno, Kayoko Murata, Yoshitaka Fujii, Hidetoshi Kanaya, Masaki Ogawa, Kousuke Tokunaga, Stephen Palmisano Jan 2018

Vection Is Enhanced By Increased Exposure To Optic Flow, Takeharu Seno, Kayoko Murata, Yoshitaka Fujii, Hidetoshi Kanaya, Masaki Ogawa, Kousuke Tokunaga, Stephen Palmisano

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

2018, The Author(s) 2018. We examined whether vection strength could be modulated by altering the exposure duration to optic flow. Experiment 1 sourced 150 different video clips from various Japanese animation works which simulated self-motion. Despite large differences in the content of these video clips, we found a significant positive correlation between their play durations and their ratings of vection magnitude. Experiment 2 examined this relationship further using more tightly controlled visual motion stimuli. Vection was induced by presenting the motion of the same expanding grating stimulus for 8, 16, 32, or 64 seconds. While vection onset latencies remained ...


Second-Hand Exposure Of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products To Patients In A Hospital Setting, Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J. Broyd, Peter De Krey, Jennifer H. Martin Jan 2018

Second-Hand Exposure Of Staff Administering Vaporised Cannabinoid Products To Patients In A Hospital Setting, Nadia Solowij, Peter Galettis, Samantha J. Broyd, Peter De Krey, Jennifer H. Martin

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background In many health settings, administration of medicinal cannabis poses significant implementation barriers including drug storage and safety for administering staff and surrounding patients. Different modes of administration also provide different yet potentially significant issues. One route that has become of clinical interest owing to the rapid onset of action and patient control of the inhaled amount (via breath timing and depth) is that of vaporisation of cannabinoid products. Although requiring a registered therapeutic device for administration, this is a relatively safe method of intrapulmonary administration that may be particularly useful for patients with difficulty swallowing, and for those in ...


Sustained Impact Of Energy-Dense Tv And Online Food Advertising On Children's Dietary Intake: A Within-Subject, Randomised, Crossover, Counter-Balanced Trial, Jennifer A. Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne T. Mcmahon, Emma J. Boyland, Louise A. Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian E. Bauman Jan 2018

Sustained Impact Of Energy-Dense Tv And Online Food Advertising On Children's Dietary Intake: A Within-Subject, Randomised, Crossover, Counter-Balanced Trial, Jennifer A. Norman, Bridget Kelly, Anne T. Mcmahon, Emma J. Boyland, Louise A. Baur, Kathy Chapman, Lesley King, Clare Hughes, Adrian E. Bauman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background Policies restricting children's exposure to unhealthy food marketing have been impeded by the lack of evidence showing a direct link between food advertising exposure and children's energy intake and body weight. Food advertising exposure increases children's immediate food consumption, but whether this increased intake is compensated for at later eating occasions is not known; consequently the sustained effect on diets remains unclear. Methods We conducted a within-subject, randomised, crossover, counterbalanced study across four, six-day holiday camps in New South Wales, Australia between April 2016 and January 2017. Children (7-12 years, n = 160) were recruited via local ...