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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

[Review] Peta Tait. Fighting Nature: Travelling Menageries, Animal Acts And War Shows. Sydney University Press, 2016., Nigel Rothfels Jan 2017

[Review] Peta Tait. Fighting Nature: Travelling Menageries, Animal Acts And War Shows. Sydney University Press, 2016., Nigel Rothfels

Animal Studies Journal

On October 23, 1903, William Temple Hornaday, the director of the New York Zoological Park, wrote to a Mr C. L. Williams, then responsible for ‘Hagenbeck’s Animal Show,’ which was touring the United States. At the time, the show was to be seen at the Grand Opera House in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, but it was missing one of its star performers, the famous lion-tiger hybrid ‘Prince’ who had been part of the show for over a decade, making his debut in the United States as part of Hagenbeck’s exhibit at the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893 ...


Condors In A Cage, Camila Cossío Jan 2017

Condors In A Cage, Camila Cossío

Animal Studies Journal

Annie was carried away by a 13,000-lb. elephant during a Circo Hermanos Salamanca performance in Mexico City. Anabella La Bella was a Namibian-born orphaned elephant who had been auctioned off, transported from Southern Africa to the Mexican Valley as special, oversized cargo, and forced to perform among the dirt and the lights and the ¡Órale! of Mexico City. During the Circo Hermanos Salamanca performance, Annie and her sister tried, with exceeding effort, to seem calm as the trapeze artists swung themselves in the air, floating above them with no apparent sense of mortality. Annie remembered the scene in Batman ...


The Australian Animal Use Industry Rejects Anthropomorphism, But Relies On Questionable Science To Block Animal Welfare Improvements, Malcolm Caulfield Jan 2017

The Australian Animal Use Industry Rejects Anthropomorphism, But Relies On Questionable Science To Block Animal Welfare Improvements, Malcolm Caulfield

Animal Studies Journal

Public interest in and concern for the welfare of farm animals is increasing. This has been reflected in changes by food retailers and others whereby products are sourced from suppliers which keep animals in improved conditions. Examples include bans on eggs from hens kept in battery cages, or on pork from pregnant sows kept in sow stalls. Those who use farm animals for profit have sought to resist consumer and public pressure for change, arguing that people’s views are based more on emotion than science. This paper presents a review of the way in which those responsible for developing ...


[Review] Annie Potts (Ed). Meat Culture, Carol Gigliotti Jan 2017

[Review] Annie Potts (Ed). Meat Culture, Carol Gigliotti

Animal Studies Journal

Annie Potts has curated a particularly strong and essential group of perspectives on ‘meat culture,’ described here as a coherent framework within which exist ‘a wide range of domains of production and consumption of animals.’ Meat Culture distinguishes itself in its clearheaded focus on the centrality of the misery and slaughter of animals without which the culture of eating meat would not exist.


A Practice Theory Framework For Understanding Vegan Transition, Richard Twine Jan 2017

A Practice Theory Framework For Understanding Vegan Transition, Richard Twine

Animal Studies Journal

A shift in the social norm of meat consumption is a transition that is repeatedly called for in climate change policy discourse. Yet this rarely sets out practically how such reduction might be achieved and, surprisingly, has yet to look to vegans as a knowledge resource. In drawing upon interview data with 40 UK vegans this article outlines an initial framework toward the greater normalisation of plant-based eating via attentiveness to the elements of vegan practice. These vegan narratives illustrate how the practice is already working for a small section of the UK population. In adopting a practice theory approach ...


Understanding The Root Causes Of Natural Disasters, Florian Roth, Christine Eriksen, Timothy Prior Jan 2017

Understanding The Root Causes Of Natural Disasters, Florian Roth, Christine Eriksen, Timothy Prior

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Every year disasters take lives, cause significant damage, inhibit development and contribute to conflict and forced migration. Unfortunately, the trend is an upward one. In May 2017, policy-makers and disaster management experts from over 180 countries gathered in Cancun, Mexico, to discuss ways to counter this trend. In the middle of the Cancun summit, news arrived that large parts of Sri Lanka were devastated by floods and landslides, killing at least 150 and displacing almost half a million people. Email Twitter68 Facebook52 LinkedIn21 Print Every year disasters take lives, cause significant damage, inhibit development and contribute to conflict and forced ...


Experts' Views Regarding Australian School-Leavers' Knowledge Of Nutrition And Food Systems, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley Jan 2017

Experts' Views Regarding Australian School-Leavers' Knowledge Of Nutrition And Food Systems, Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To explore Australian experts' views regarding strengths and gaps in school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems ( N & FS) and factors that influence that knowledge. Method: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 highly experienced food-related experts in Australia. Qualitative data were analysed thematically using Attride-Stirling's thematic network framework. Results: Two global themes and several organising themes were identified. The first global theme, 'structural curriculum-based problems', emerged from three organising themes of: inconsistencies in provided food education programs at schools in Australia; insufficient coverage of food-related skills and food systems topics in school curricula; and the lack of trained school teachers. The second global theme, 'insufficient levels of school-leavers knowledge of N & FS ', was generated from four organising themes, which together described Australian school-leavers' poor knowledge of N & FS more broadly and knowledge translation problem for everyday practices. Conclusion: Study findings identified key problems relating to current school-based N & FS education programs in Australia and reported knowledge gaps in relation to N & FS ...


'Multimorbidity In Australia: Comparing Estimates Derived Using Administrative Data Sources And Survey Data', Sanja Lujic, Judy Simpson, Nicholas Arnold Zwar, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Louisa R. Jorm Jan 2017

'Multimorbidity In Australia: Comparing Estimates Derived Using Administrative Data Sources And Survey Data', Sanja Lujic, Judy Simpson, Nicholas Arnold Zwar, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Louisa R. Jorm

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background

Estimating multimorbidity (presence of two or more chronic conditions) using administrative data is becoming increasingly common. We investigated (1) the concordance of identification of chronic conditions and multimorbidity using self-report survey and administrative datasets; (2) characteristics of people with multimorbidity ascertained using different data sources; and (3) whether the same individuals are classified as multimorbid using different data sources.

Methods

Baseline survey data for 90,352 participants of the 45 and Up Study—a cohort study of residents of New South Wales, Australia, aged 45 years and over—were linked to prior two-year pharmaceutical claims and hospital admission records ...


Compliance With The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years: Associations With Weight Status, Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Manuela De Sousa Rodrigues De Sa, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2017

Compliance With The Australian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines For The Early Years: Associations With Weight Status, Rute Santos, Zhiguang Zhang, Joao Rafael Rodrigues Pereira, Eduarda Manuela De Sousa Rodrigues De Sa, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: For effective public health and surveillance it is important to document the proportion of young children who meet the new Australian Integrated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years and how these associate with health outcomes. We aimed to (i) assess compliance with the new Inte grated 24 h Movement Guidelines for the Early Years in a sample of Australian toddlers; and (ii) ascertain whether compliance with the guidelines associates with weight status. Methods: The sample comprised 202 toddlers (104 girls) aged 19.74 ± 4.07 months from the GET UP! Study. Participants wore accelerometers (Actigraph GT3X+) for ...


Listening Geographies: Landscape, Affect And Geotechnologies, Michael Gallagher, Anja M. Kanngieser, Jonathan Prior Jan 2017

Listening Geographies: Landscape, Affect And Geotechnologies, Michael Gallagher, Anja M. Kanngieser, Jonathan Prior

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper argues for expanded listening in geography. Expanded listening addresses how bodies of all kinds, human and more-than-human, respond to sound. We show how listening can contribute to research on a wide range of topics, beyond enquiry where sound itself is the primary substantive interest. This is demonstrated through close discussion of what an amplified sonic sensibility can bring to three areas of contemporary geographical interest: geographies of landscape, of affect, and of geotechnologies.


Do Aspects Of Social, Emotional And Behavioural Development In The Pre-School Period Predict Later Cognitive And Academic Attainment?, David Hammer, Edward Melhuish, Steven J. Howard Jan 2017

Do Aspects Of Social, Emotional And Behavioural Development In The Pre-School Period Predict Later Cognitive And Academic Attainment?, David Hammer, Edward Melhuish, Steven J. Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

© 2017, © Australian Council for Educational Research 2017. Some aspects of child non-cognitive development in pre-school have independently been shown to predict academic outcomes in later primary and early high school. However, the extent to which each aspect uniquely predicts these outcomes remains unclear. It is also unclear as to what mechanisms may predict these aspects of non-cognitive development. To address these issues, the current study sought to explore the antecedents to, and the predictive strength of, prominent aspects of early non-cognitive development (e.g. hyperactivity, pro-social behaviour, peer and conduct problems at 4–5 years of age) on children’s ...


Inhibition Of Retrieval In Hypnotic Amnesia: Dissociation By Upper-Alpha Gating, Graham A. Jamieson, Marios D. Kittenis, Ruxandra I. Tivadar, Ian Evans Jan 2017

Inhibition Of Retrieval In Hypnotic Amnesia: Dissociation By Upper-Alpha Gating, Graham A. Jamieson, Marios D. Kittenis, Ruxandra I. Tivadar, Ian Evans

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Hypnotic amnesia is a functional dissociation from awareness during which information from specific neural processes is unavailable to consciousness. We test the proposal that changes in topographic patterns of cortical oscillations in upper-alpha (10–12 Hz) band selectively inhibit the recall of memories during hypnotic amnesia by blocking availability of locally processed information at specific points in retrieval. Participants were prescreened for high or low hypnotic susceptibility. Following hypnotic induction, participants were presented with a series of 60 face stimuli and were required to identify affective expressions. Participants received a suggestion for amnesia for these faces. They were then presented ...


Current Forms Of Inhibitory Training Produce No Greater Reduction In Drinking Than Simple Assessment: A Preliminary Study, Janette Smith, Nicole Dash, Stuart J. Johnstone, Katrijn Houben, Matt Field Jan 2017

Current Forms Of Inhibitory Training Produce No Greater Reduction In Drinking Than Simple Assessment: A Preliminary Study, Janette Smith, Nicole Dash, Stuart J. Johnstone, Katrijn Houben, Matt Field

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2017 Elsevier B.V.Background Disinhibition is apparent in users of many substances, including heavy drinkers. Previous research has shown that brief training to improve inhibitory control is associated with reduced alcohol consumption. We investigated whether a new form of inhibitory training would produce greater reductions, relative to a carefully designed control condition and a proven method of reducing consumption, the Brief Alcohol Intervention (BAI). Methods One hundred and fourteen regular drinkers were assigned randomly to one of five training conditions: Control (no inhibitory training); Beer-NoGo (inhibit responses linked to task-irrelevant pictures of beer); Restrained-Stop (requiring more urgent inhibition but ...


Performing Under Pressure: Exploring The Psychological State Underlying Clutch Performance In Sport, Christian F. Swann, Lee Crust, Patricia C. Jackman, Stewart A. Vella, Mark S. Allen, Richard J. Keegan Jan 2017

Performing Under Pressure: Exploring The Psychological State Underlying Clutch Performance In Sport, Christian F. Swann, Lee Crust, Patricia C. Jackman, Stewart A. Vella, Mark S. Allen, Richard J. Keegan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Clutch performance is improved performance under pressure. However little research has examined the psychological state experienced by athletes in these situations. Therefore, this study qualitatively examined the subjective experience underlying clutch performance across a range of sports (e.g., team, individual) and standards (Olympic to recreational athletes). Sixteen athletes (Mage = 27.08 years; SD = 6.48) took part in in-depth, semi-structured interviews primarily after an exceptional performance (M = 4.38 days later; SD = 3.14). Data were analysed inductively and thematically. Clutch states involved 12 characteristics, including heightened and deliberate concentration, intense effort, and heightened awareness, which distinguished the experience ...


Psychological States Underlying Excellent Performance In Sport: Toward An Integrated Model Of Flow And Clutch States, Christian F. Swann, Lee Crust, Patricia C. Jackman, Stewart A. Vella, Mark S. Allen, Richard J. Keegan Jan 2017

Psychological States Underlying Excellent Performance In Sport: Toward An Integrated Model Of Flow And Clutch States, Christian F. Swann, Lee Crust, Patricia C. Jackman, Stewart A. Vella, Mark S. Allen, Richard J. Keegan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This study investigated the psychological states underlying excellent performance in 26 athletes (Mage = 29 years, SD = 7.7) across a range of sports (team, net/wall, sprint, endurance, adventure) and standards (world class to recreational). Participants were primarily interviewed on average 4 days after excellent performances. The data were analyzed thematically. Distinct states of flow and clutch were reported, each of which occurred through separate contexts and processes, while athletes also transitioned between states during performance. These findings extend current knowledge of the psychology of excellent performance and are discussed in terms of implications for future research and applied practice.


Employing The Epec Hierarchy Of Conditions (Version Ii) To Evaluate The Effectiveness Of Using Synchronous Technologies With Multi-Location Student Cohorts In The Tertiary Education Setting, Michelle J. Eady, Stuart Woodcock, Ashley Sisco Jan 2017

Employing The Epec Hierarchy Of Conditions (Version Ii) To Evaluate The Effectiveness Of Using Synchronous Technologies With Multi-Location Student Cohorts In The Tertiary Education Setting, Michelle J. Eady, Stuart Woodcock, Ashley Sisco

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

As e-learning maintains its popularity worldwide, and university enrolments continue to rise, online tertiary level coursework is increasingly being designed for groups of distributed learners, as opposed to individual students. Many institutions struggle with incorporating all facets of online learning and teaching capabilities with the range and variety of software tools available to them. This study used the EPEC Hierarchy of Conditions (ease of use, psychologically safe environment, e-learning self-efficacy, and competence) for E-Learning/E-Teaching Competence (Version II) to investigate the effectiveness of an online synchronous platform to train pre-service teachers studying in groups at multiple distance locations called satellite ...


Student Isolation: The Experience Of Distance On An International Field Placement, Mim Fox Jan 2017

Student Isolation: The Experience Of Distance On An International Field Placement, Mim Fox

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In an era of global awareness of the impact of social, political and environmental impact, the international field placement has become a feature of many social work programmes throughout Australia. A theoretical framework of international social work principles allows for a guiding platform for teaching and learning; however, the experience of the social work student is often one of cultural isolation and emotional vulnerabilities. Whilst cross-cultural learning is a core practice goal of the placement, the ability to engage with this learning is affected by the impact of distance on the student. In turn, the university responsibility for the student ...


Self-Reported Nutrition Education Received By Australian Midwives Before And After Registration, Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira J. Williamson Jan 2017

Self-Reported Nutrition Education Received By Australian Midwives Before And After Registration, Jamila Arrish, Heather Yeatman, Moira J. Williamson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Educating midwives to provide nutrition advice is essential. Limited research focuses on midwives' nutrition education. This paper explores self-reported nutrition education received by Australian midwives before and after registration. It draws on quantitative and qualitative data from a larger online survey conducted with the members of the Australian College of Midwives (response rate = 6.9%, n=329). Descriptive and content analyses were used. Of the midwives, 79.3% (n=261) reported receiving some nutrition education during, before, and/or after registration. However, some described this coverage as limited. It lacked sufficient focus on topics such as weight management, nutrition assessment ...


A Guide For Modern Sanctuaries With Examples From A Captive Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Amy Fultz Jan 2017

A Guide For Modern Sanctuaries With Examples From A Captive Chimpanzee Sanctuary, Amy Fultz

Animal Studies Journal

As the need for animal sanctuaries continues to grow, and the numbers of species being housed increases, there is a desire from both current and future sanctuaries for guidance. Guidance from those with experience in the sanctuary, ethics, and animal welfare communities is important and helpful to the founders of new sanctuaries as well as current sanctuaries that may struggle with their identity. I will discuss some of the many definitions of sanctuary, and encourage organizations to consider which definition is the best fit for them. The ethos and philosophy a sanctuary embraces are likely to guide best practices, and ...


Money For Monkeys, And More: Ensuring Sanctuary Retirement Of Nonhuman Primates, Erika Fleury Jan 2017

Money For Monkeys, And More: Ensuring Sanctuary Retirement Of Nonhuman Primates, Erika Fleury

Animal Studies Journal

Reputable animal sanctuaries have existed for decades, yet it is only in more recent years that their work has been validated by the oversight of accreditation bodies and sanctuary coalitions. Through these relationships, sanctuaries are able to differentiate themselves from roadside zoos and private owners. Sanctuaries exist solely to provide enriched lifetime care to animals retired or rescued from exploitation or mistreatment, and thus their missions and facility management differ greatly from those of zoos, farms, circuses and other for-profit, entertainment, research and educational institutions. Primate sanctuaries specifically are more in demand than ever before due to the mass exodus ...


Captive Wildlife Sanctuaries: Definition, Ethical Considerations And Public Perception, Catherine Doyle Jan 2017

Captive Wildlife Sanctuaries: Definition, Ethical Considerations And Public Perception, Catherine Doyle

Animal Studies Journal

In its truest form, the modern captive wildlife sanctuary offers a lifelong home in a more natural environment for wild animals living in captivity. Tigers, lions, elephants, bears, chimpanzees and other animals are provided relative freedom and autonomy after years spent in zoos, circuses, laboratories, or private menageries. These sanctuaries provide specialized habitats in which wild animals can express more species-specific behaviors and experience a higher quality of life. Though they share some practical issues of caretaking with other forms of captivity – as well as many ethical problems – important distinctions separate them. Research suggests that public attitudes are moving toward ...


Settler Sanctuaries And The Stoat-Free State, Anna Boswell Jan 2017

Settler Sanctuaries And The Stoat-Free State, Anna Boswell

Animal Studies Journal

Aotearoa/New Zealand has forged a contemporary international identity as a leader in the establishment and management of animal sanctuaries. This article treats Aotearoa/New Zealand as a ‘typically exceptional’ or ‘exceptionally typical’ example, seeking to unravel the deeper settler colonial investment in sanctuary as concept and practice. It is especially interested in what animal sanctuaries in Aotearoa/New Zealand might look like from the perspective of the stoat (Mustela erminea), and why such a perspective might matter. Acclimatised by Europeans from the 1880s onwards to help secure agronomic settlement, and more recently named as a so-called ‘animal pest’ to ...


What Is An Animal Sanctuary? Evidence From Applied Linguistics, Sabrina Fusari Jan 2017

What Is An Animal Sanctuary? Evidence From Applied Linguistics, Sabrina Fusari

Animal Studies Journal

This paper addresses the meaning of the word ‘sanctuary’ from the point of view of its usage in English, as it emerges from dictionary and corpus sources, in contexts related to nonhuman animals. Specific attention is paid to the semantic prosody (Louw; Stewart) and semantic preference (Sinclair ‘The Search’) of this word, as well as to the relationship between ‘sanctuaries’ and other semantically related lexical items that identify places where nonhuman animals are confined and/or protected (e.g. nature reserves, national parks, animal shelters, zoos). Firstly, the paper provides a general overview of the main theoretical issues behind the ...


Captive Wildlife At A Crossroads – Sanctuaries, Accreditation, And Humane-Washing, Delcianna J. Winders Jan 2017

Captive Wildlife At A Crossroads – Sanctuaries, Accreditation, And Humane-Washing, Delcianna J. Winders

Animal Studies Journal

We are living through a pivotal moment for captive wild animals in the United States, with increased attention to their wellbeing and major changes by businesses as a result. At the same time, a desire to get up close with wild animals persists and may even be on the rise. These two concurrent phenomena are resulting in a plethora of deceptive claims. Through ‘humane-washing’ – using unregulated terms like ‘sanctuary’ and participating in misleading accreditation programs – captive wildlife facilities are profiting from making consumers feel better. After detailing this state of affairs, this article raises important questions, the answers to which ...


[Performance Review] Species Blindness: Is There A Role For A Quoll?, Peta Tait Jan 2017

[Performance Review] Species Blindness: Is There A Role For A Quoll?, Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

There is an anomaly in responses to some live performance that features animal identities and the human effort to provide sanctuary and protect endangered species. The animals might be central to its purpose and yet receive a perfunctory acknowledgement in reviews or not be mentioned. Reviews reflect audience responses and I first noticed this effect in reviews of Jenny Kemp’s Kitten in 2010 which was strongly concerned with issues of animal survival. I have been noting examples since. One recent example is provided by Hannie Rayson’s Extinction, whereby the tiger quoll seems to be dismissed as a plot ...


[Review] Ann-Sofie Lönngren. Following The Animal: Power, Agency, And Human-Animal Transformations In Modern, Northern-European Literature, Henrietta Mondry Jan 2017

[Review] Ann-Sofie Lönngren. Following The Animal: Power, Agency, And Human-Animal Transformations In Modern, Northern-European Literature, Henrietta Mondry

Animal Studies Journal

This timely book deals with the theme of human-animal transformations in modern literature from Europe’s northernmost part, all of which are structured by power and agency in relation to the Western tradition’s human/animal divide. The figure of transformation simultaneously contains subversive and conservative potential because the transformation can be voluntary and liberating or forced, oppressive and degrading. This means that human-animal transformation in literature is about agency, change and politics. The purpose of the book is to bring out the tension between the anthropocentric and more-thananthropocentric worlds imbedded in the figure of human-animal transformation.


Provocations From The Field - Extinction, Encountering And The Exigencies Of Forgetting, Rick De Vos Jan 2017

Provocations From The Field - Extinction, Encountering And The Exigencies Of Forgetting, Rick De Vos

Animal Studies Journal

Stories of species extinction interpellate and legitimate each other, accumulating, in a discrete and synchronous order, a coherent history of extinction that allows them to be utilised in scientific and historical discourses as authoritative signs. These stories also translate and inscribe social and cultural encounters, however, where groups of different human and nonhuman animals interacted and made sense of these interactions. Great auks, for example, possess stories that exceed the overdetermining official account of their extinction, having endured for at least one hundred thousand years learning and passing on the skills to live and flourish in the North Atlantic, co-existing ...


Selecting Candidates For De-Extinction And Resurrection: Mammoths, Lenin’S Tomb And Neo-Eurasianism, Henrietta Mondry Jan 2017

Selecting Candidates For De-Extinction And Resurrection: Mammoths, Lenin’S Tomb And Neo-Eurasianism, Henrietta Mondry

Animal Studies Journal

My paper explores links between the human and animal candidates for resurrection and deextinction and focuses on the aspect of nationalist agenda in application to both species. I explore the intersection between the scientific and symbolic agendas in the resurrection and de-extinction discourse. I interpret the ideological underpinnings of the current developments in the woolly mammoth de-extinction in the Russian Federation in parallel to the theme of resurrection of historically-important personalities in contemporary Russian fiction of magical historicist bent. My particular focus is on the role of Neo- Eurasianist thinking in the choice of the candidates for resurrection and de-extinction ...


The Unnaturalness Objection To De-Extinction: A Critical Evaluation, Carolyn Mason Jan 2017

The Unnaturalness Objection To De-Extinction: A Critical Evaluation, Carolyn Mason

Animal Studies Journal

De-extinction of species has been criticised for being unnatural, as have the techniques that might be used to accomplish de-extinction. This objection of unnaturalness will be dismissed by those who claim that everything that humans do is natural, by those who claim that naturalness is a social construct, and by those who argue that ethical concerns arising from considerations of unnaturalness rest on a failure properly to distinguish facts from values. However, none of these criticisms of the objection of unnaturalness is convincing, for reasons I will explain in this paper. The objection of unnaturalness might be motivated by concerns ...


On The Authenticity Of De-Extinct Organisms, And The Genesis Argument, Douglas Campbell Jan 2017

On The Authenticity Of De-Extinct Organisms, And The Genesis Argument, Douglas Campbell

Animal Studies Journal

Are the methods of synthetic biology capable of recreating authentic living members of an extinct species? An analogy with the restoration of destroyed natural landscapes suggests not. The restored version of a natural landscape will typically lack much of the aesthetic value of the original landscape because of the different historical processes that created it – processes that involved human intentions and actions, rather than natural forces acting over millennia. By the same token, it would appear that synthetically recreated versions of extinct natural organisms will also be less aesthetically valuable than the originals; that they will be, in some strong ...