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Articles 301 - 313 of 313

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Integrating Digital Practices: A Partnership To Support The Development Of Preservice Teachers' Digital Literacies, Sarah Katherine Howard Jan 2013

Integrating Digital Practices: A Partnership To Support The Development Of Preservice Teachers' Digital Literacies, Sarah Katherine Howard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The importance of digital literacy well established, but it is unclear how this is integrated in teachers' practice. This paper presents a curriculum innovation and collaboration addressing this issue through development of digital products, in first-year teacher education subject. A key aspect of this initiative was providing students with home copies of appropriate software to support the task. Data was collected to investigate possible increases in students' confidence using digital media, as well as their beliefs about using digital products in their future learning and teaching. Findings suggest increased confidence and positive beliefs across the subject, but larger increases in ...


Technology & Knowledge: An Exploration Of Teachers' Conceptions Of Subject-Area Knowledge Practices And Technology Integration, Sarah K. Howard, Karl A. Maton Jan 2013

Technology & Knowledge: An Exploration Of Teachers' Conceptions Of Subject-Area Knowledge Practices And Technology Integration, Sarah K. Howard, Karl A. Maton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This paper explores teachers' understanding of subject-area knowledge practices (e.g. curriculum, goals, and pedagogy of a subject area, etc.) and technology integration, through the use of Legitimation Code Theory. Drawing on a major study of a technological initiative in all state secondary schools in New South Wales, Australia, this paper illustratively uses one dimension of LCT to explore the organising principles underlying the key subjects of Mathematics and English, in relation to teachers' perceptions of technology use in learning and teaching. Analysis suggests a 'code clash' with Mathematics and a 'code match' with English might help explain their different ...


Social Media Use Among Pre-Service Primary Teachers, Wendy S. Nielsen, Rachel Moll, Teresa Farrell, Nicole Mcdaid, Garry F. Hoban Jan 2013

Social Media Use Among Pre-Service Primary Teachers, Wendy S. Nielsen, Rachel Moll, Teresa Farrell, Nicole Mcdaid, Garry F. Hoban

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This research explores preservice science teachers' social media practices as a first step in considering how to better utilize these tools in preservice teacher education. This is an important issue as these teachers will work with the next generation of students, who are likely to be even more connected through technology tools. We report data from a survey called the Social Media and Science Learning Survey that collects information about proficiencies and frequencies of use for a variety of social media tools for learning science. Results are from a cohort of 119 Australian primary teacher-education students in the context of ...


Views Of Children And Parents On Limiting Unhealthy Food, Drink And Alcohol Sponsorship Of Elite And Children's Sports, Bridget Kelly, Louise Baur, Adrian Bauman, Lesley King, Kathy Chapman, Ben Smith Jan 2013

Views Of Children And Parents On Limiting Unhealthy Food, Drink And Alcohol Sponsorship Of Elite And Children's Sports, Bridget Kelly, Louise Baur, Adrian Bauman, Lesley King, Kathy Chapman, Ben Smith

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective To determine parents' and children's attitudes towards food, beverage and alcohol sponsorship of elite and children's sports and the acceptability of policies and alternative funding models to limit this sponsorship. Design Telephone surveys were conducted with parents in February-May 2011. One child from each household was invited to complete an online survey. Surveys assessed parents' perceptions about the influence of sponsorship on children and support for limiting sponsorship, and children's awareness of and attitudes towards sponsors. Setting Randomly sampled households in New South Wales, Australia. Subjects Parents (n 825) and children aged 10-16 years (n 243 ...


Building The Case For Independent Monitoring Of Food Advertising On Australian Television, Lesley King, Lana Hebden, Anne Grunseit, Bridget Kelly, Kathy Chapman Jan 2013

Building The Case For Independent Monitoring Of Food Advertising On Australian Television, Lesley King, Lana Hebden, Anne Grunseit, Bridget Kelly, Kathy Chapman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective To provide an independent monitoring report examining the ongoing impact of Australian self-regulatory pledges on food and drink advertising to children on commercial television.

Design Analysis of food advertisements across comparable sample time periods in April/May 2006, 2007, 2009, 2010 and 2011. The main outcome measure comprised change in the mean rate of non-core food advertisements from 2006 to 2011.

Setting Sydney free-to-air television channels.

Subjects Televised food advertisements.

Results In 2011 the rate of non-core food advertisements was not significantly different from that in 2006 or 2010 (3·2/h v. 4·1/h and 3·1 ...


Vegetables Containing Phytochemicals With Potential Anti-Obesity Properties: A Review, David J. Williams, David Edwards, Ingrid Hamernig, Le Jian, Anthony P. James, Stuart Keith Dr Stuart Keith Johnson, Linda Tapsell Jan 2013

Vegetables Containing Phytochemicals With Potential Anti-Obesity Properties: A Review, David J. Williams, David Edwards, Ingrid Hamernig, Le Jian, Anthony P. James, Stuart Keith Dr Stuart Keith Johnson, Linda Tapsell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The incidence of obesity is rising worldwide at an alarming rate and is becoming a major public health concern with incalculable social and economic costs. Studies have exposed the relationship between the adiposity, inflammation and the development of other metabolic disorders, so dietary factors that influence some or all of these are of interest. Dietary phytochemicals appear to be able to target different stages of the adipocyte (fat cell) lifecycle. For example, several classes of polyphenols have been implicated in suppressing the growth of adipose tissue through modifying the adipocyte lifecycle. Many dietary phytochemicals also have strong anti-inflammatory activity, but ...


A Comparison Of The Cost Of Generic And Branded Food Products In Australian Supermarkets, Kathy Chapman, Christine Innes-Hughes, David Goldsbury, Bridget Kelly, Adrian Bauman, Margaret Allman-Farinelli Jan 2013

A Comparison Of The Cost Of Generic And Branded Food Products In Australian Supermarkets, Kathy Chapman, Christine Innes-Hughes, David Goldsbury, Bridget Kelly, Adrian Bauman, Margaret Allman-Farinelli

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective Food cost is an important factor influencing the consumption of nutritious foods and subsequent chronic disease risk. The present study compared the cost of branded food products with their generic equivalents across a range of food categories. Setting The survey was conducted within two major supermarket chains across six locations in Sydney, Australia (n 12). Design Price differences were calculated for 'core' (nutrient dense and low in energy) and 'extra' (high in undesirable nutrients and/or energy) packaged foods (n 22) between generic and branded items. Results A cost saving of 44 % was found by purchasing generic over branded ...


Neil Robert Smith: 18 July 1954-29 September 2012, Noel Castree Jan 2013

Neil Robert Smith: 18 July 1954-29 September 2012, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Neil Smith's tragic early death has robbed geography of one of its finest minds and most inspirational characters.


Enhancing Citizen Engagement In Cancer Screening Through Deliberative Democracy, Lucie Rychetnik, Stacy Carter, Julia Abelson, Hazel Thornton, Alexandra Barratt, Vikki A. Entwistle, Geraldine Mackenzie, Glenn P. Salkeld, Paul Glasziou Jan 2013

Enhancing Citizen Engagement In Cancer Screening Through Deliberative Democracy, Lucie Rychetnik, Stacy Carter, Julia Abelson, Hazel Thornton, Alexandra Barratt, Vikki A. Entwistle, Geraldine Mackenzie, Glenn P. Salkeld, Paul Glasziou

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Cancer screening is widely practiced and participation is promoted by various social, technical, and commercial drivers, but there are growing concerns about the emerging harms, risks, and costs of cancer screening. Deliberative democracy methods engage citizens in dialogue on substantial and complex problems: especially when evidence and values are important and people need time to understand and consider the relevant issues. Information derived from such deliberations can provide important guidance to cancer screening policies: citizens' values are made explicit, revealing what really matters to people and why. Policy makers can see what informed, rather than uninformed, citizens would decide on ...


Sociodemographic And Health-Related Predictors Of Self-Reported Mammogram, Faecal Occult Blood Test And Prostate Specific Antigen Test Use In A Large Australian Study, Marianne Weber, Michelle Cunich, David Smith, Glenn P. Salkeld, Freddy Sitas, Dianne O'Connell Jan 2013

Sociodemographic And Health-Related Predictors Of Self-Reported Mammogram, Faecal Occult Blood Test And Prostate Specific Antigen Test Use In A Large Australian Study, Marianne Weber, Michelle Cunich, David Smith, Glenn P. Salkeld, Freddy Sitas, Dianne O'Connell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: While several studies have examined factors that influence the use of breast screening mammography, faecal occult blood tests (FOBT) for bowel cancer screening and prostate specific antigen (PSA) tests for prostate disease in Australia, research directly comparing the use of these tests is sparse. We examined sociodemographic and health-related factors associated with the use of these tests in the previous two years either alone or in combination. Methods. Cross-sectional analysis of self-reported questionnaire data from 96,711 women and 82,648 men aged 50 or over in The 45 and Up Study in NSW (2006-2010). Results: 5.9% of ...


Infant Interest In Their Mother's Face Is Associated With Maternal Psychological Health, Rebecca Jones, Pauline Slade, Olivier Pascalis, Jane S. Herbert Jan 2013

Infant Interest In Their Mother's Face Is Associated With Maternal Psychological Health, Rebecca Jones, Pauline Slade, Olivier Pascalis, Jane S. Herbert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Early experience can alter infants' interest in faces in their environment. This study investigated the relationship between maternal psychological health, mother-infant bonding, and infant face interest in a community sample. A visual habituation paradigm was used to independently assess 3.5-month old infants' attention to a photograph of their mother's face and a stranger's face. In this sample of 54 healthy mother-infant pairs, 57% of mothers (N=31) reported symptoms of at least one of stress response to trauma, anxiety, or depression. Interest in the mother-face, but not stranger-face, was positively associated with the mother's psychological health ...


Recent Advances In Early Memory Development: Research On Typical And Atypical Children, Mikael Heimann, Jane S. Herbert, Tomas Tjus, Jerker Rönnberg Jan 2013

Recent Advances In Early Memory Development: Research On Typical And Atypical Children, Mikael Heimann, Jane S. Herbert, Tomas Tjus, Jerker Rönnberg

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In order to learn about memory development one must start from the beginning. An infant goes through remarkable changes during the first years of life; they begin to crawl, talk, and actively engage with the world around them. Much too often in the history of psychology, the abilities present during the first years of life have been neglected, overlooked, or not given much weight in theory building. For example, because adults fail to recall events from the first years of their life, assumptions were made about the nature and form of memory during early development (for review,see Hayne & Jack ...


Eye Tracking Infants: Investigating The Role Of Attention During Learning On Recognition Memory, Gemma Taylor, Jane S. Herbert Jan 2013

Eye Tracking Infants: Investigating The Role Of Attention During Learning On Recognition Memory, Gemma Taylor, Jane S. Herbert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In the present study, eye tracker methodology was used to explore whether there were age-related changes in the focus of infant attention during a learning event and subsequent recognition memory for event features. Six- and 9-month old infants watched a video of an adult demonstrating a sequence of actions with an object while visual attention was recorded using an eye tracker. At both ages, attention was focused primarily on the object and person, with the background attended to for approximately 12% of their viewing time. Recognition memory for the person, object and background from the video was assessed immediately using ...