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University of Wollongong

Education

2013

Children

Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Equiprobable Go/Nogo Auditory Erp Components: Adults Vs. Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard Jan 2013

Equiprobable Go/Nogo Auditory Erp Components: Adults Vs. Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Building Solutions To Protect Children From Unhealthy Food And Drink Sport Sponsorship, Bridget Kelly, Kathy Chapman, Louise A. Baur, Adrian E. Bauman, Lesley King, Ben J. Smith Jan 2013

Building Solutions To Protect Children From Unhealthy Food And Drink Sport Sponsorship, Bridget Kelly, Kathy Chapman, Louise A. Baur, Adrian E. Bauman, Lesley King, Ben J. Smith

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In Australia, and indeed across the world, the proportion of children who are overweight or obese is increasing. Almost one-quarter of school-aged children are now overweight or obese. While the causes of obesity are complex and many, children's exposure to high levels of unhealthy food marketing is one factor that affects the food and drinks that children like, ask for, buy and consume. Extensive research evidence has found that, in general, children are exposed to high levels of food marketing, most of which is for unhealthy or high fat, sugar and/or salt food and drinks. The most commonly ...


A Descriptive Examination Of The Types Of Relationships Formed Between Children With Developmental Disability And Their Closest Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2013

A Descriptive Examination Of The Types Of Relationships Formed Between Children With Developmental Disability And Their Closest Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background One of the most commonly cited rationales for inclusive education is to enable the development of quality relationships with typically developing peers. Relatively few researchers have examined the features of the range of relationships that children with developmental disability form in inclusive school settings. Method Interviews were conducted with 25 children with developmental disability, aged 5 and 12 years, their 3 closest peers, and parents and teachers to examine 6 types of relationships. Results Behaviours associated with general friendship and acquaintance were the most commonly reported. Few dyads reported high rates of behaviour associated with special treatment, helping, ignoring ...


Mutual Liking, Enjoyment And Shared Interactions In The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter Jan 2013

Mutual Liking, Enjoyment And Shared Interactions In The Closest Relationships Between Children With Developmental Disabilities And Peers In Inclusive School Settings, Amanda A. Webster, Mark Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Typically analysis of the characteristics of friendships is made on the basis of nomination of a friend or best friend, with the assumption that this nomination reflects actual friendship. While it is possible that this assumption may be valid in typically developing children, this may not be the case for relationships for students with developmental disabilities. The relationships of 16 students with developmental disabilities in grades 1 through 6 and their three closest peers were examined to determine if dyads engaged in behaviors associated with defining components of friendship (i.e. shared interaction, mutual enjoyment, mutual liking) from literature on ...


A Qualitative Exploration Of The "Critical Window": Factors Affecting Australian Children's After-School Physical Activity, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kobie Boshoff, James Dollman Jan 2013

A Qualitative Exploration Of The "Critical Window": Factors Affecting Australian Children's After-School Physical Activity, Rebecca M. Stanley, Kobie Boshoff, James Dollman

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: The after-school period is potentially a "critical window" for promoting physical activity in children. The purpose of this study was to qualitatively explore children's perceptions of the factors influencing their engagement in physical activity during the after-school period as the first phase in the development of a questionnaire. Methods: Fifty-four South Australian children age 10-13 years participated in same gender focus groups. Transcripts, field notes, and activity documents were analyzed using content analysis. Through an inductive thematic approach, data were coded and categorized into perceived barriers and facilitators according to a social ecological model. Results: Children identified a ...


How Physically Active Are Children Attending Summer Day Camps?, Michael W. Beets, Robert G. Weaver, Aaron Beighle, Collin Webster, Russell R. Pate Jan 2013

How Physically Active Are Children Attending Summer Day Camps?, Michael W. Beets, Robert G. Weaver, Aaron Beighle, Collin Webster, Russell R. Pate

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Summer day camps (SDC) represent one of the largest settings, outside the academic school year, where children can engage in safe, enjoyable physical activity (PA). Yet, little is known about this setting and how active children are while attending. Methods: System for Observing Play and Leisure Activity in Youth was used to categorize PA of boys/girls as Sedentary/Walking/Vigorous across multiple days (8 AM to 6 PM) in 4 large-scale community-based SDCs. Contextual characteristics of type of activity, activity management, equipment, and in/outdoors were collected simultaneously; Mixed-model regression analyses examined associations between PA categories and contextual ...


Clustering Of Attitudes Towards Obesity: A Mixed Methods Study Of Australian Parents And Children, Tim Olds, Samantha Thomas, Sophie Lewis, John Petkov Jan 2013

Clustering Of Attitudes Towards Obesity: A Mixed Methods Study Of Australian Parents And Children, Tim Olds, Samantha Thomas, Sophie Lewis, John Petkov

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background Current population-based anti-obesity campaigns often target individuals based on either weight or socio-demographic characteristics, and give a 'mass' message about personal responsibility. There is a recognition that attempts to influence attitudes and opinions may be more effective if they resonate with the beliefs that different groups have about the causes of, and solutions for, obesity. Limited research has explored how attitudinal factors may inform the development of both upstream and downstream social marketing initiatives. Methods Computer-assisted face-to-face interviews were conducted with 159 parents and 184 of their children (aged 9-18 years old) in two Australian states. A mixed methods ...


Predictive Validity And Classification Accuracy Of Actigraph Energy Expenditure Equations And Cut-Points In Young Children, Xanne Janssen, Dylan P. Cliff, John J. Reilly, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A. Jones, Marijka Batterham, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Anthony D. Okely Jan 2013

Predictive Validity And Classification Accuracy Of Actigraph Energy Expenditure Equations And Cut-Points In Young Children, Xanne Janssen, Dylan P. Cliff, John J. Reilly, Trina Hinkley, Rachel A. Jones, Marijka Batterham, Ulf Ekelund, Soren Brage, Anthony D. Okely

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objectives

Evaluate the predictive validity of ActiGraph energy expenditure equations and the classification accuracy of physical activity intensity cut-points in preschoolers.

Methods

Forty children aged 4–6 years (5.3±1.0 years) completed a ~150-min room calorimeter protocol involving age-appropriate sedentary, light and moderate-to vigorous-intensity physical activities. Children wore an ActiGraph GT3X on the right mid-axillary line of the hip. Energy expenditure measured by room calorimetry and physical activity intensity classified using direct observation were the criterion methods. Energy expenditure was predicted using Pate and Puyau equations. Physical activity intensity was classified using Evenson, Sirard, Van Cauwenberghe, Pate, Puyau ...


The Longitudinal Relationship Between Sleep Duration And Body Mass Index In Children: A Growth Mixture Modeling Approach, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi, Donald C. Iverson Jan 2013

The Longitudinal Relationship Between Sleep Duration And Body Mass Index In Children: A Growth Mixture Modeling Approach, Christopher A. Magee, Peter Caputi, Donald C. Iverson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

OBJECTIVE: A growing number of studies indicate that shorter sleep durations could contribute to obesity in children. The objective of this article was to further examine the longitudinal relationship between sleep duration and body mass index (BMI) in children by using a growth mixture modeling approach. METHOD: This article used prospective data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children. Participants included 1079 children aged 4 to 5 years (2004) followed up until age 10 to 11 years (2010). Growth mixture modeling was performed to examine the longitudinal association between sleep duration and body mass index within distinct body mass index ...


Identification Of Distinct Body Mass Index Trajectories In Australian Children, C A. Magee, P Caputi, Donald C. Iverson Jan 2013

Identification Of Distinct Body Mass Index Trajectories In Australian Children, C A. Magee, P Caputi, Donald C. Iverson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background A limited number of studies have demonstrated that there may be distinct developmental trajectories of obesity during childhood. Objective To identify distinct trajectories of body mass index (BMI) in a large sample of Australian children. Methods Participants included 4601 children aged 45 years at baseline, who were followed up at ages 67 years, 89 years and 1011 years. Height and weight were measured at each of these time points, and used to calculate BMI. Growth Mixture Modelling was used to identify the presence of distinct BMI trajectories. Results Four distinct trajectories were identified (i) High Risk Overweight; (ii) Early ...


Event-Rate Effects In The Flanker Task: Erps And Task Performance In Children With And Without Ad/Hd, Stuart J. Johnstone, Daniel Galletta Jan 2013

Event-Rate Effects In The Flanker Task: Erps And Task Performance In Children With And Without Ad/Hd, Stuart J. Johnstone, Daniel Galletta

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Demanding tasks require a greater amount of effort, in which case individuals are required to alter their energetic-state to a level appropriate to perform the task. According to the Cognitive-Energetic Model (CEM), children with AD/HD are unable to effectively modulate their energetic state, leading to task underperformance. Using an Eriksen flanker task with varying event-rates, the current study compared the ability of typically-developing children and children with AD/HD to modulate their energetic state. In line with the CEM, it was predicted that children with AD/HD would underperform in the fast and slow event-rates. Results indicated that the ...


Child, Family And Environmental Correlates Of Children's Motor Skill Proficiency, Lisa M. Barnett, Trina Hinkley, Anthony D. Okely, Jo Salmon Jan 2013

Child, Family And Environmental Correlates Of Children's Motor Skill Proficiency, Lisa M. Barnett, Trina Hinkley, Anthony D. Okely, Jo Salmon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

To identify factors associated with children's motor skills. Cross-sectional. Australian preschool-aged children were recruited in 2009 as part of a larger study. Parent proxy-report of child factors (age, sex, parent perception of child skill, participation in unstructured and structured activity), self-report of parent factors (confidence in their own skills to support child's activity, parent-child physical activity interaction, parent physical activity) and perceived environmental factors (play space visits, equipment at home) were collected. Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) (ActiGraph GT1M accelerometer) and motor skills (Test of Gross Motor Development-2) were also assessed. After age adjustment, variables were checked ...


Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, And Plasma Lipids In Overweight And Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely, Tracy L. Burrows, Rachel A. Jones, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Louise A. Baur Jan 2013

Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior, Physical Activity, And Plasma Lipids In Overweight And Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely, Tracy L. Burrows, Rachel A. Jones, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Louise A. Baur

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective: This study examines the associations between objectively measured sedentary behavior, light physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), and plasma lipids in overweight and obese children. Design and Methods: Cross-sectional analyses were conducted among 126 children aged 5.5-9.9 years. Sedentary behavior, LPA, and MVPA were assessed using accelerometry. Fasting blood samples were analyzed for plasma lipids (high-density lipoprotein cholesterol [HDL-C], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol [LDL-C], total cholesterol [TC], and triglycerides [TG]). Results: MVPA was not related to plasma lipids (P > 0.05). Independent of age, sex, energy intake, and waist circumference z-score, sedentary behavior and LPA were ...


While We Are Talking About Environmental Justice, Let's Give Children A Voice, Peter Andersen Jan 2013

While We Are Talking About Environmental Justice, Let's Give Children A Voice, Peter Andersen

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

As governments, communities and individuals grapple with how to deal with the avalanche of negative news regarding the environment, children are often left out of the decision-making processes. Traditional Western schooling is still dominated by the 'banking' method of teaching, in which knowledge is deposited into the minds of the children under an adult-centric educational paradigm. As a step toward achieving justice for children, educators need to reverse the traditional model of intergenerational influence by furnishing children with the chances, tools and skills to influence those around them, including adults, to live more sustainable lives. This chapter will highlight the ...


Factors That Influence Consumption Of Fish And Omega-3 Enriched Foods: A Survey Of Australian Families With Young Children, Setyaningrum Rahmawaty, Karen Charlton, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Barbara J. Meyer Jan 2013

Factors That Influence Consumption Of Fish And Omega-3 Enriched Foods: A Survey Of Australian Families With Young Children, Setyaningrum Rahmawaty, Karen Charlton, Philippa Lyons-Wall, Barbara J. Meyer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Aim: The present study aimed to identify factors that influence the consumption of fish and foods that are enriched with omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA), in order to inform the development of effective nutrition education strategies. Methods: A cross-sectional, 10-item self-administered survey was conducted to 262 parents of children aged 9-13 years from a regional centre in New South Wales. Parents were asked questions related to frequency of consumption, and to identify factors that either encouraged or prevented the provision of fish/seafood and/or n-3 LCPUFAenriched foods for their families. Results: Salmon, canned tuna, prawn and take-away ...


Forget Children, Self-Regulating Ads Only Helps The Food Industry, Sandra C. Jones Jan 2013

Forget Children, Self-Regulating Ads Only Helps The Food Industry, Sandra C. Jones

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

The food industry’s commitment to actually reducing inappropriate food marketing to children is called into question by a paper published today in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. Couple this with research published last week showing drinking soft drinks makes children aggressive, and you won’t be alone in thinking it’s time to do something about how junk food and kids mix.


Lack Of Dietary Iodine Threatens Brain Development In Children, Heather Yeatman, Karen Charlton Jan 2013

Lack Of Dietary Iodine Threatens Brain Development In Children, Heather Yeatman, Karen Charlton

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Iodine is naturally present in a range of food, especially seaweed and fish. So it may seem odd that the people of an island nation (most of whom live along its vast coastline) are not getting enough of this vital mineral.


The Learning Life Course Of At 'Risk' Children Aged 3-16: Perceptions Of Students And Parents About 'Succeeding Against The Odds', Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Aziza Mayo, Edward Melhuish, Brenda Taggart, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva Jan 2013

The Learning Life Course Of At 'Risk' Children Aged 3-16: Perceptions Of Students And Parents About 'Succeeding Against The Odds', Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Aziza Mayo, Edward Melhuish, Brenda Taggart, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Understanding how we can support children through their learning life course has become a policy imperative, particularly those children from poor homes who would normally be facing a low achiever trajectory. The paper reports on 50 in-depth Child and Family Case Studies (CFCS) that were conducted as part of the Effective Provision of Pre-School, Primary and Secondary Education (EPPSE 3-16) research project. The CFCS was designed as a mixedmethods study in order to look at why and when certain children manage to succeed 'against the odds' while others do not. Using in-depth interviews with students, parents and teachers, quantitative data ...


First Steps: Study Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial Of The Effectiveness Of The Group Family Nurse Partnership (Gfnp) Program Compared To Routine Care In Improving Outcomes For High-Risk Mothers And Their Children And Preventing Abuse, Jacqueline Barnes, Dipti Aistrop, Elizabeth Allen, Jane Barlow, Diana Elbourne, Geraldine Macdonald, Edward Melhuish, Stavros Petrou, Joshua Pink, Claire Snowdon, Helen Spiby, Jane Stuart, Joanna Sturgess Jan 2013

First Steps: Study Protocol For A Randomized Controlled Trial Of The Effectiveness Of The Group Family Nurse Partnership (Gfnp) Program Compared To Routine Care In Improving Outcomes For High-Risk Mothers And Their Children And Preventing Abuse, Jacqueline Barnes, Dipti Aistrop, Elizabeth Allen, Jane Barlow, Diana Elbourne, Geraldine Macdonald, Edward Melhuish, Stavros Petrou, Joshua Pink, Claire Snowdon, Helen Spiby, Jane Stuart, Joanna Sturgess

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background

Evidence from the USA suggests that the home-based Family Nurse Partnership program (FNP), extending from early pregnancy until infants are 24 months, can reduce the risk of child abuse and neglect throughout childhood. FNP is now widely available in the UK. A new variant, Group Family Nurse Partnership (gFNP) offers similar content but in a group context and for a shorter time, until infants are 12 months old. Each group comprises 8 to 12 women with similar expected delivery dates and their partners. Its implementation has been established but there is no evidence of its effectiveness.

Methods/Design

The ...


Combined Cognitive And State-Control Training For Children With And Without Ad/Hd: Effects On Behaviour, Working Memory And Resting Eeg, Rebecca Bonfield, Stuart Johnstone, Kirsten Johnson, Stephanie Carrigan, Steven Roodenrys, Sue Bennett, Emily Church, Jacob Sargeant Jan 2013

Combined Cognitive And State-Control Training For Children With And Without Ad/Hd: Effects On Behaviour, Working Memory And Resting Eeg, Rebecca Bonfield, Stuart Johnstone, Kirsten Johnson, Stephanie Carrigan, Steven Roodenrys, Sue Bennett, Emily Church, Jacob Sargeant

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Erp Source Localisation Using Eloreta: Adults Vs. Children, Jay P. Borchard, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio Jan 2013

Erp Source Localisation Using Eloreta: Adults Vs. Children, Jay P. Borchard, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Eeg Activity In Children With Asperger's Syndrome, Adam Clarke, Robert Barry, Franca Dupuy, Rory Mccarthy, Mark Selikowitz Jan 2013

Eeg Activity In Children With Asperger's Syndrome, Adam Clarke, Robert Barry, Franca Dupuy, Rory Mccarthy, Mark Selikowitz

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Developing A Standardized Approach For Monitoring Food Marketing To Children, Bridget Kelly, Lesley King, Louise Baur, Boyd A. Swinburn, M Rayner, T Lobstein, J Macmullan, S Mohan Jan 2013

Developing A Standardized Approach For Monitoring Food Marketing To Children, Bridget Kelly, Lesley King, Louise Baur, Boyd A. Swinburn, M Rayner, T Lobstein, J Macmullan, S Mohan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Abstract presented at the 2013 Annual Meeting of the International Society for Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 22-25 May 2013, Ghent, Belgium


Australian Children Lack The Basic Movement Skills To Be Active And Healthy, Lisa Barnett, Louise Hardy, David Lubans, Dylan Cliff, Anthony Okely, A P. Hills, Philip Morgan Jan 2013

Australian Children Lack The Basic Movement Skills To Be Active And Healthy, Lisa Barnett, Louise Hardy, David Lubans, Dylan Cliff, Anthony Okely, A P. Hills, Philip Morgan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Just as children need to be taught their ABCs to read and write, they also need to be taught fundamental movement skills (FMS), such as running, jumping, throwing and kicking, to provide the strongest foundation for a physically active lifestyle. Children who are proficient at FMS are more likely to be physically active and have adequate cardiorespiratory fitness, and are less likely to be overweight or obese compared with children who are not proficient. In addition, FMS-proficient children are more likely to become adolescents who are more active and with higher cardiorespiratory fitness levels.


Views Of Children And Parents On Limiting Unhealthy Food, Drink And Alcohol Sponsorship Of Elite And Children's Sports, Bridget Kelly, Louise Baur, Adrian Bauman, Lesley King, Kathy Chapman, Ben Smith Jan 2013

Views Of Children And Parents On Limiting Unhealthy Food, Drink And Alcohol Sponsorship Of Elite And Children's Sports, Bridget Kelly, Louise Baur, Adrian Bauman, Lesley King, Kathy Chapman, Ben Smith

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Objective To determine parents' and children's attitudes towards food, beverage and alcohol sponsorship of elite and children's sports and the acceptability of policies and alternative funding models to limit this sponsorship. Design Telephone surveys were conducted with parents in February-May 2011. One child from each household was invited to complete an online survey. Surveys assessed parents' perceptions about the influence of sponsorship on children and support for limiting sponsorship, and children's awareness of and attitudes towards sponsors. Setting Randomly sampled households in New South Wales, Australia. Subjects Parents (n 825) and children aged 10-16 years (n 243 ...


Recent Advances In Early Memory Development: Research On Typical And Atypical Children, Mikael Heimann, Jane S. Herbert, Tomas Tjus, Jerker Rönnberg Jan 2013

Recent Advances In Early Memory Development: Research On Typical And Atypical Children, Mikael Heimann, Jane S. Herbert, Tomas Tjus, Jerker Rönnberg

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In order to learn about memory development one must start from the beginning. An infant goes through remarkable changes during the first years of life; they begin to crawl, talk, and actively engage with the world around them. Much too often in the history of psychology, the abilities present during the first years of life have been neglected, overlooked, or not given much weight in theory building. For example, because adults fail to recall events from the first years of their life, assumptions were made about the nature and form of memory during early development (for review,see Hayne & Jack ...