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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Social Implications Of Wearable Computing And Augmediated Reality In Every Day Life (Ieee Symposium On Technology And Society, Istas13), Katina Michael Jun 2013

Social Implications Of Wearable Computing And Augmediated Reality In Every Day Life (Ieee Symposium On Technology And Society, Istas13), Katina Michael

Associate Professor Katina Michael

It was in July 2012 that Steve Mann and I corresponded on the possibility of hosting a conference on wearable computing in Toronto, Canada. Steve had just returned home from a family holiday to France and publicly blogged about an unfortunate incident that had happened to him while away. On 17th July 2012 he posted: “Physical assault by McDonald’s for wearing Digital Eye Glass”. We both knew the timing was right for such an event that was not just a technical engineering or applied orientation on the theme of smart worlds, but an event that would grapple with the ...


Regaining Their "Cool": Can The Big Three Surf Brands Recover?, Andrew T. Warren Jan 2013

Regaining Their "Cool": Can The Big Three Surf Brands Recover?, Andrew T. Warren

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Australia's "big three" surf brands have found themselves in choppy financial waters.

Last week, Billabong, one of Australia's most iconic surf brands confirmed a $386 million refinancing agreement with US consortium Centerbridge-Oaktree Capital Management acquiring a 40% share, guaranteeing the struggling brand's short-term future after it posted an $859 million loss last financial year.

Like Billabong, public surf company Quiksilver has reported declining revenues, asset write-downs and growing losses, recently announcing third-quarterly earnings had declined 84%. Privately-owned Rip Curl has also been in profit free-fall. In mid-2012 Rip Curl founders Brian Singer and Doug Warbrick engaged Bank ...


Eye Contrast Polarity Is Critical For Face Recognition By Infants, Yumiko Otsuka, Isamu Motoyoshi, Harold C. Hill, Megumi Kobayashi, So Kanazawa, Masami K. Yamaguchi Jan 2013

Eye Contrast Polarity Is Critical For Face Recognition By Infants, Yumiko Otsuka, Isamu Motoyoshi, Harold C. Hill, Megumi Kobayashi, So Kanazawa, Masami K. Yamaguchi

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Just as faces share the same basic arrangement of features, with two eyes above a nose above a mouth, human eyes all share the same basic contrast polarity relations, with a sclera lighter than an iris and a pupil, and this is unique among primates. The current study examined whether this bright-dark relationship of sclera to iris plays a critical role in face recognition from early in development. Specifically, we tested face discrimination in 7- and 8-month-old infants while independently manipulating the contrast polarity of the eye region and of the rest of the face. This gave four face contrast ...


Infant Interest In Their Mother's Face Is Associated With Maternal Psychological Health, Rebecca Jones, Pauline Slade, Olivier Pascalis, Jane S. Herbert Jan 2013

Infant Interest In Their Mother's Face Is Associated With Maternal Psychological Health, Rebecca Jones, Pauline Slade, Olivier Pascalis, Jane S. Herbert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Early experience can alter infants' interest in faces in their environment. This study investigated the relationship between maternal psychological health, mother-infant bonding, and infant face interest in a community sample. A visual habituation paradigm was used to independently assess 3.5-month old infants' attention to a photograph of their mother's face and a stranger's face. In this sample of 54 healthy mother-infant pairs, 57% of mothers (N=31) reported symptoms of at least one of stress response to trauma, anxiety, or depression. Interest in the mother-face, but not stranger-face, was positively associated with the mother's psychological health ...


Development Of A Short Measure Of Psychological Recovery In Serious Mental Illness: The Stori-30, Retta Andresen, Peter Caputi, Lindsay Oades Jan 2013

Development Of A Short Measure Of Psychological Recovery In Serious Mental Illness: The Stori-30, Retta Andresen, Peter Caputi, Lindsay Oades

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective: To develop a brief measure of stage of psychological recovery from mental illness by identifying the best-performing items of the 50-item Stages of Recovery Instrument (STORI). Method: Item response modelling was used to identify a short form of the full-length STORI. The resulting items were subjected to factor analysis to further refine the subscales. A second data set was used to confirm the construct validity of the new measure. A correlational analysis was conducted to examine relationships among the five subscale scores. Results: Analyses identified 30 items that represented the five stages of the full STORI. The five stage ...


Of Mice And Men: Role Of Mice In Biomedical Research Questioned, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Johnson Jan 2013

Of Mice And Men: Role Of Mice In Biomedical Research Questioned, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Johnson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

A study recently published in the peer-reviewed journal PNAS (Proceedings of the National of Academy Sciences) shows that mice are poor models for human inflammatory diseases. The paper, which focused on sepsis, burns and trauma, raises questions about the fundamental role of mice in biomedical research.


'It Was Not Just A Walking Experience': Reflections On The Role Of Care In Dog-Walking, Christopher J. Degeling, Melanie Rock Jan 2013

'It Was Not Just A Walking Experience': Reflections On The Role Of Care In Dog-Walking, Christopher J. Degeling, Melanie Rock

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Research into physical activity and human health has recently begun to attend to dog-walking. This study extends the literature on dog-walking as a health behaviour by conceptualizing dog-walking as a caring practice. It centres on qualitative interviews with 11 Canadian dog-owners. All participants resided in urban neighbourhoods identified through previous quantitative research as conducive to dog-walking. Canine characteristics, including breed and age, were found to influence people's physical activity. The health of the dog and its position in the life-course influenced patterns of dog-walking. Frequency, duration and spatial patterns of dog-walking all depended on relationships and people's capacity ...


Community-Based Service-Learning: Partnerships Of Reciprocal Exchange?, Laura Ann Hammersley Jan 2013

Community-Based Service-Learning: Partnerships Of Reciprocal Exchange?, Laura Ann Hammersley

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Community-based service-learning (CBSL) integrates experiential learning and academic goals with organized activities designed to meet the objectives of community partners. CBSL has potential to enhance (1) academic learning, (2) foster civic responsibility, (3) develop life skills and (4) transform student attitudes. However, little research supports claims that benefits are mutual amongst host counterparts. A lack of empirical research into community partner conceptualizations of best practice approaches and impacts, reflects a uni-dimensional understanding of the mutuality of programs, and fails to challenge dominant power relations embedded in traditionally uneven partnerships. It remains problematic to engage with service-learning without considering neocolonialist ideologies ...


A Journal For And With Health Promotion Practitioners And Researchers, Stacy M. Carter, Jonine Jancey Jan 2013

A Journal For And With Health Promotion Practitioners And Researchers, Stacy M. Carter, Jonine Jancey

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Editorial


Disability In Zimbabwe Under The New Constitution: Demands And Gains Of People With Disabilities, Jacob Mugumbate, Chamunogwa Nyoni Jan 2013

Disability In Zimbabwe Under The New Constitution: Demands And Gains Of People With Disabilities, Jacob Mugumbate, Chamunogwa Nyoni

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

People with disabilities looked at the constitution making process as their biggest opportunity to have their dreams realised. They had numerous expectations including increased opportunities in health, education, social protection, habitation, participation and employment. Although they were excluded from the first stages of the process, they were later actively involved. The outcome of their involvement has been several provisions in the constitution addressing disability concerns. The extent to which these provisions are adequate or inadequate has been a subject of contention. This article looks at the provisions in the final version of the constitution that received presidential assent on 22 ...


Is An Independent West Papuan State Possible?, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon Jan 2013

Is An Independent West Papuan State Possible?, Camellia B. Webb-Gannon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The very unpredictability of politics is the greatest hope for those seeking an independent West Papuan state. Here, some of the key issues occupying West Papuan nationalists and observers of the region's politics are addressed, including whether West Papuans are entitled to their own state; whether such a state would be politically and economically viable; and what chance Papuans have of forging their national vision into a constitutional reality.


Unifying Psychology Through Situational Realism, Agnes Petocz, Nigel Mackay Jan 2013

Unifying Psychology Through Situational Realism, Agnes Petocz, Nigel Mackay

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

We propose that a coherent and thoroughgoing version of realism, known as situational realism, offers a unifying program for psychology. This realism emerges from the conditions of being that enable knowledge and discourse. Because this research originated largely in a century's work by Australian psychologists and philosophers, we will introduce and explain research and vocabulary that might be unfamiliar to some readers. The approach is characterized by seven themes: ontological egalitarianism; situational complexity and process orientation; a network or field view of causality; a realist logic; a view of relations as nonconstitutive; an externalist relational approach to mind; and ...


Understanding The School Community's Response To School Closures During The H1n1 2009 Influenza, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Rebecca Tooher, Joanne Collins, Jackie M. Street, Helen S. Marshall Jan 2013

Understanding The School Community's Response To School Closures During The H1n1 2009 Influenza, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Rebecca Tooher, Joanne Collins, Jackie M. Street, Helen S. Marshall

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

During the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic, Australian public health officials closed schools as a strategy to mitigate the spread of the infection. This article examines school communities’ understanding of, and participation in, school closures and the beliefs and values which underpinned school responses to the closures.

Methods

We interviewed four school principals, 25 staff, 14 parents and 13 students in five schools in one Australian city which were either fully or partially closed during the 2009 H1N1 pandemic.

Results

Drawing on Thompson et al’s ethical framework for pandemic planning, we show that considerable variation existed between and within ...


Identifying The Quality Of Life Effects Of Urinary Incontinence With Depression In An Australian Population, Jodie C. Avery, Nigel P. Stocks, Paul Duggan, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Anne Taylor, Robert Goldney, Alastair Maclennan Jan 2013

Identifying The Quality Of Life Effects Of Urinary Incontinence With Depression In An Australian Population, Jodie C. Avery, Nigel P. Stocks, Paul Duggan, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Anne Taylor, Robert Goldney, Alastair Maclennan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

To explore the additive effect of urinary incontinence, in people with comorbid depression, on health related quality of life.

Methods

Males and females, 15 to 95 years (n = 3010, response rate 70.2%) were interviewed face to face in the 1998 Autumn South Australian Health Omnibus Survey.

Results

Self-reported urinary incontinence was found in 20.3% (n=610), and depression as defined by the PRIME-MD in 15.2% (n=459) of the survey population. Urinary incontinence with comorbid depression was found in 4.3% of the overall population. Univariate analysis showed that respondents with urinary incontinence and comorbid depression ...


Community Knowledge, Behaviours And Attitudes About The 2009 H1n1 Influenza Pandemic: A Systematic Review, Rebecca Tooher, Joanne Collins, Jackie M. Street, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen S. Marshall Jan 2013

Community Knowledge, Behaviours And Attitudes About The 2009 H1n1 Influenza Pandemic: A Systematic Review, Rebecca Tooher, Joanne Collins, Jackie M. Street, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Helen S. Marshall

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

Effectiveness of pandemic plans and community compliance was extensively researched following the H1N1 pandemic. This systematic review examined community response studies to determine whether behavioural responses to the pandemic were related to level of knowledge about the pandemic, perceived severity of the pandemic and level of concern about the pandemic.

Methods

Literature databases were searched from March 2009 to August 2011 and included cross‐sectional or repeated population surveys undertaken during or following the H1N1 pandemic which reported on community response to the pandemic. Studies using population subgroups and other respiratory diseases were excluded, as were mathematical modelling and ...


Musicals Are Gay: A Brief History Of Gay Men, Hollywood Divas And Movie Musicals, Scott J. Mckinnon Jan 2013

Musicals Are Gay: A Brief History Of Gay Men, Hollywood Divas And Movie Musicals, Scott J. Mckinnon

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

No abstract provided.


Investigating Synergies Between Literacy, Technology And Classroom Practice, Lisa Kervin, Irina Verenikina, Pauline Jones, Olivia Beath Jan 2013

Investigating Synergies Between Literacy, Technology And Classroom Practice, Lisa Kervin, Irina Verenikina, Pauline Jones, Olivia Beath

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The ways educators incorporate technologies into their classroom literacy experiences and the implications these present for professional practices have been the focus of discussion for some time. We believe it timely to re-examine these debates in a period of 'digital reform' as we consider the realities teachers report as they use technology as a tool in literacy classrooms. In doing this, we acknowledge the potential of new technologies such as laptops, wireless connectivity, Interactive White Boards and mobile communication devices to reshape pedagogic activity within primary classrooms but aim to capture the reality reported by active practitioners. In this paper ...


Effects Of Simultaneously Observing And Making Gestures While Studying Grammar Animations On Cognitive Load And Learning, Lysanne S. Post, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas, Rolf A. Zwaan Jan 2013

Effects Of Simultaneously Observing And Making Gestures While Studying Grammar Animations On Cognitive Load And Learning, Lysanne S. Post, Tamara Van Gog, Fred Paas, Rolf A. Zwaan

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study examined whether simultaneously observing and making gestures while studying animations would lighten cognitive load and facilitate the acquisition of grammatical rules. In contrast to our hypothesis, results showed that children in the gesturing condition performed worse on the posttest than children in the non-gesturing, control condition. A more detailed analysis of the data revealed an expertise reversal effect, indicating that this negative effect on posttest performance materialized for children with lower levels of general language skills, but not for children with higher levels of general language skills. The finding that for children with lower language ability, cognitive load ...


Relative Importance Of Abstinence In Clients' And Clinicians' Perspectives Of Recovery From Drug And Alcohol Abuse, Lauren Maffina, Frank P. Deane, Geoffrey C.B Lyons, Trevor P. Crowe, Peter J. Kelly Jan 2013

Relative Importance Of Abstinence In Clients' And Clinicians' Perspectives Of Recovery From Drug And Alcohol Abuse, Lauren Maffina, Frank P. Deane, Geoffrey C.B Lyons, Trevor P. Crowe, Peter J. Kelly

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study collected data on drug and alcohol workers' (n = 55) and clients' (n = 139) perspectives on what constitutes a "recovery" from substance use disorder. Data were collected during 2010 from four residential faith-based treatment programs across the east coast of Australia. Self-report surveys specifically designed for this study were administered. Responses were compared using nonparametric test. Abstinence was seen as an important component of recovery but nonabstinent factors were also seen as having an important role. Staff placed more emphasis on clients taking responsibility for their problems and on the role of spiritual development. The importance of nonabstinence components ...


Equiprobable Go/Nogo Auditory Erp Components: Adults Vs. Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard Jan 2013

Equiprobable Go/Nogo Auditory Erp Components: Adults Vs. Children, Robert Barry, Frances De Blasio, Jay P. Borchard

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Human Neurophysiology And Mobile Phone-Related Health, Rodney J. Croft Jan 2013

Human Neurophysiology And Mobile Phone-Related Health, Rodney J. Croft

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Combined Cognitive And State-Control Training For Children With And Without Ad/Hd: Effects On Behaviour, Working Memory And Resting Eeg, Rebecca Bonfield, Stuart Johnstone, Kirsten Johnson, Stephanie Carrigan, Steven Roodenrys, Sue Bennett, Emily Church, Jacob Sargeant Jan 2013

Combined Cognitive And State-Control Training For Children With And Without Ad/Hd: Effects On Behaviour, Working Memory And Resting Eeg, Rebecca Bonfield, Stuart Johnstone, Kirsten Johnson, Stephanie Carrigan, Steven Roodenrys, Sue Bennett, Emily Church, Jacob Sargeant

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Comparison Between Traditional And Reverse Periodization: Swimming Performance And Specific Strength Values, J J. Arroyo-Toledo, Vicente J. Clemente, Jose M. Gonzalez-Rave, Domingo J. Ramos Campo, Andrew Sortwell Jan 2013

Comparison Between Traditional And Reverse Periodization: Swimming Performance And Specific Strength Values, J J. Arroyo-Toledo, Vicente J. Clemente, Jose M. Gonzalez-Rave, Domingo J. Ramos Campo, Andrew Sortwell

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

International Journal of Swimming Kinetics 2(1): 87-96, 2013. Periodization of athletic training is conceptualized as a pedagogical process, which involves varying volume, intensity and frequency of training in attempt to optimize sporting performance. The primary purpose of this research was to compare changes in 100m swim performance (t100c), specific swim power output (SSP) and maximum drag charge (MDC), after 14 weeks of training traditional periodization (control) and reverse periodization (treatment). There were 26 volunteer swimmers (16.02±0.6 yrs. 1.72±9.3 cm 64.1±9.3 kg) divided in two groups traditional periodization (TP) and reverse ...


Familial Analysis Of Mmn In Cannabis Users: A Case Study, Felicity Webster, Samantha Broyd, Rodney J. Croft, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Stuart Johnstone, Juanita Todd, Patricia Michie, Nadia Solowij Jan 2013

Familial Analysis Of Mmn In Cannabis Users: A Case Study, Felicity Webster, Samantha Broyd, Rodney J. Croft, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Stuart Johnstone, Juanita Todd, Patricia Michie, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Eeg Activity In Children With Asperger's Syndrome, Adam Clarke, Robert Barry, Franca Dupuy, Rory Mccarthy, Mark Selikowitz Jan 2013

Eeg Activity In Children With Asperger's Syndrome, Adam Clarke, Robert Barry, Franca Dupuy, Rory Mccarthy, Mark Selikowitz

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 23rd Australasian Society for Psychophysiology Conference, 20-22 Nov 2013, Wollongong, Australia


Pinhole Viewing Strengthens The Hollow-Face Illusion, Harold Hill, T Koessler Jan 2013

Pinhole Viewing Strengthens The Hollow-Face Illusion, Harold Hill, T Koessler

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the 36th European Conference on Visual Perception, 25-29 August 2013, Bremen, Germany


The Role Of Vet In Transitioning To Renewable Energy Sources, Louise Fitzgerald, Judie Cross, Rosemary Raper Jan 2013

The Role Of Vet In Transitioning To Renewable Energy Sources, Louise Fitzgerald, Judie Cross, Rosemary Raper

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Federal Government's Renewable Energy Target (RET), while too conservative according to reliable sources, has established that by 2020, twenty percent of Australia's electricity supply will come from renewable sources, primarily wind and solar energy. In this paper, we consider the implications of the transition to renewables for the Australian labour market in three ways. First, we critically review the literature on how the shift to renewables will impact on jobs in terms of the number and types of new jobs and those that may be phased out. Second, by drawing on illustrative examples of training and education ...


A Physiologically Plausible Spatiotemporal Model Of Bold Allows Deconvolution Of Hemodynamic And Neuron Response Components, K M. Aquino, Mark M. Schira, P A. Robinson, Michael Breakspear Jan 2013

A Physiologically Plausible Spatiotemporal Model Of Bold Allows Deconvolution Of Hemodynamic And Neuron Response Components, K M. Aquino, Mark M. Schira, P A. Robinson, Michael Breakspear

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the Australian Neuroscience Society Inc 33rd Annual Meeting, 3-6 Feb 2013, Melbourne, Australia


Berry School Book Club: Engaging Readers And Writers, Jan Turbill Jan 2013

Berry School Book Club: Engaging Readers And Writers, Jan Turbill

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article describes one school's approach to establishing a Book Club where children learn to 'read like writers'. It offers insights into the practicalities of the project and its successes.


Monitoring The Impacts Of Trade Agreements On Food Environments, Sharon Friel, Libby Hattersley, W Snowdon, A -M Thow, T Lobstein, D Sanders, S Barquera, S Mohan, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, S Kumanyika, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullan, C Monteiro, Bruce Neal, M Rayner, G Sacks, Boyd A. Swinburn, S Vandevijvere, C Walker Jan 2013

Monitoring The Impacts Of Trade Agreements On Food Environments, Sharon Friel, Libby Hattersley, W Snowdon, A -M Thow, T Lobstein, D Sanders, S Barquera, S Mohan, C Hawkes, Bridget Kelly, S Kumanyika, M L'Abbe, A Lee, J Ma, J Macmullan, C Monteiro, Bruce Neal, M Rayner, G Sacks, Boyd A. Swinburn, S Vandevijvere, C Walker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The liberalization of international trade and foreign direct investment through multilateral, regional and bilateral agreements has had profound implications for the structure and nature of food systems, and therefore, for the availability, nutritional quality, accessibility, price and promotion of foods in different locations. Public health attention has only relatively recently turned to the links between trade and investment agreements, diets and health, and there is currently no systematic monitoring of this area. This paper reviews the available evidence on the links between trade agreements, food environments and diets from an obesity and non-communicable disease (NCD) perspective. Based on the key ...