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Articles 1 - 30 of 14083

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

A Hybrid Unsupervised Clustering-Based Anomaly Detection Method, Guo Pu, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen, Fang Dong Jan 2021

A Hybrid Unsupervised Clustering-Based Anomaly Detection Method, Guo Pu, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen, Fang Dong

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In recent years, machine learning-based cyber intrusion detection methods have gained increasing popularity. The number and complexity of new attacks continue to rise; therefore, effective and intelligent solutions are necessary. Unsupervised machine learning techniques are particularly appealing to intrusion detection systems since they can detect known and unknown types of attacks as well as zero-day attacks. In the current paper, we present an unsupervised anomaly detection method, which combines Sub-Space Clustering (SSC) and One Class Support Vector Machine (OCSVM) to detect attacks without any prior knowledge. The proposed approach is evaluated using the well-known NSL-KDD dataset. The experimental results demonstrate ...


Towards A More Effective Bidirectional Lstm-Based Learning Model For Human-Bacterium Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen, Lei Wang, Yaochu Jin Jan 2021

Towards A More Effective Bidirectional Lstm-Based Learning Model For Human-Bacterium Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen, Lei Wang, Yaochu Jin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The identification of protein-protein interaction (PPI) is one of the most important tasks to understand the biological functions and disease mechanisms. Although numerous databases of biological interactions have been published in debt to advanced high-throughput technology, the study of inter-species protein-protein interactions, especially between human and bacterium pathogens, remains an active yet challenging topic to harness computational models tackling the complex analysis and prediction tasks. In this paper, we comprehensively revisit the prediction task of human-bacterium protein-protein interactions (HB-PPI), which is a first ever endeavour to report an empirical evaluation in learning and predicting HB-PPI based on machine learning models ...


Mlc Tracking For Lung Sabr Is Feasible, Efficient And Delivers High-Precision Target Dose And Lower Normal Tissue Dose, Jeremy Booth, Vincent Caillet, Adam Briggs, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Georgios Angelis, Dasantha Jayamanne, Meegan Shepherd, Alexander Podreka, Kathryn Szymura, Doan Nguyen, Per Poulsen, Ricky O'Brien, Benjamin Harris, Carol Haddad, Thomas Eade, Paul Keall Jan 2021

Mlc Tracking For Lung Sabr Is Feasible, Efficient And Delivers High-Precision Target Dose And Lower Normal Tissue Dose, Jeremy Booth, Vincent Caillet, Adam Briggs, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Georgios Angelis, Dasantha Jayamanne, Meegan Shepherd, Alexander Podreka, Kathryn Szymura, Doan Nguyen, Per Poulsen, Ricky O'Brien, Benjamin Harris, Carol Haddad, Thomas Eade, Paul Keall

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Background and purpose: The purpose of this work is to present the clinical experience from the first-in-human trial of real-time tumor targeting via MLC tracking for stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) of lung lesions. Methods and materials: Seventeen patients with stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or lung metastases were included in a study of electromagnetic transponder–guided MLC tracking for SABR (NCT02514512). Patients had electromagnetic transponders inserted near the tumor. An MLC tracking SABR plan was generated with planning target volume (PTV) expanded 5 mm from the end-exhale gross tumor volume (GTV). A clinically approved comparator plan was ...


Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement: Relationships Between Student Evaluation Scores And Perceived Learning, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas Suesse, Kosta Jovanovic, Zarko Stanisavljevic Jan 2021

Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement: Relationships Between Student Evaluation Scores And Perceived Learning, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas Suesse, Kosta Jovanovic, Zarko Stanisavljevic

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Contribution: This article provides evidence that perceived learning has a relationship and influences the way students evaluate laboratory experiments, facilities, and demonstrators. Background: Debate continues on the capability and/or reliability of students to evaluate teaching and/or learning. Understanding such relationships can help educators decode evaluation data to develop more effective teaching experiences. Research Question: Does a relationship exist between student evaluation scores and perceived learning? Methodology: Perceived learning across the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains was measured using the Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement (LLOM) tool at an Australian (344 students) and Serbian (181 students) university. A multilevel statistical ...


Narrative Justice: Somebody Delivers The Answers That Police Will Not, Neroli Price Dec 2020

Narrative Justice: Somebody Delivers The Answers That Police Will Not, Neroli Price

RadioDoc Review

By investigating Courtney Copeland’s 2016 murder, the podcast series Somebody (2020) does the work that should be done by police. Narrated by Courtney’s mom, Shapearl Wells, the series not only decentres the official police narrative, but also opens up alternative paths towards seeking justice. Situated within the Black Lives Matter movement, calls to defund the police and questions about the usefulness of “objectivity” in journalism, Somebody attempts to put systemic violence on trial and hold those in power to account. Challenging extractive forms of journalism, Somebody moves towards a model of shared authority between producers and their sources ...


Animals In Drama And Theatrical Performance: Anthropocentric Emotionalism, Peta Tait Dec 2020

Animals In Drama And Theatrical Performance: Anthropocentric Emotionalism, Peta Tait

Animal Studies Journal

This article outlines how nonhuman animals are framed by the emotions of drama, theatre and contemporary performance and considers a distinctive tradition in western culture of enacting animal characters who function as surrogate humans. It argues that, contradictorily, while animal characters confirm anthropocentric emotionalism, drama also contains pro-animal values and concern for animal welfare. Animals embodying emotions in theatrical languages are part of the way animals are used in the traditions of western culture and to think and philosophize with, but they also indicate thinking about the emotions in theatrical performance. The article considers if, however, staging living animals can ...


Microstructural Evolution Of Hybrid Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced With Sic Nanoparticles And Graphene/Graphite Prepared By Powder Metallurgy, Jiangshan Zhang, Qing Liu, Shufeng Yang, Zhixin Chen, Qiang Liu, Zhengyi Jiang Jan 2020

Microstructural Evolution Of Hybrid Aluminum Matrix Composites Reinforced With Sic Nanoparticles And Graphene/Graphite Prepared By Powder Metallurgy, Jiangshan Zhang, Qing Liu, Shufeng Yang, Zhixin Chen, Qiang Liu, Zhengyi Jiang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020 Chinese Materials Research Society The dispersion of ceramic nanoparticles is of significance to the microstructure and properties of particulate reinforced metal matrix composites. In this study, two hybrid enhancers, SiC-graphite and SiC-graphene nanosheets (GNSs), were incorporated into aluminum matrix composites using powder metallurgy. The dispersion of the reinforcements and microstructural evolution of the composites were characterized by using Scanning Electron Microscopy, X-Ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy, and Raman spectroscopy. The results show that thin GNSs accelerated the deformation of the aluminum particles, and defects were introduced into the carbonaceous phases during the ball milling process. Al4C3 needles generated during ...


The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami Jan 2020

The Ethical, Legal And Social Implications Of Using Artificial Intelligence Systems In Breast Cancer Care, Stacy M. Carter, Wendy Rogers, Khin Than Win, Helen Frazer, Bernadette Richards, Nehmat Houssami

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Breast cancer care is a leading area for development of artificial intelligence (AI), with applications including screening and diagnosis, risk calculation, prognostication and clinical decision-support, management planning, and precision medicine. We review the ethical, legal and social implications of these developments. We consider the values encoded in algorithms, the need to evaluate outcomes, and issues of bias and transferability, data ownership, confidentiality and consent, and legal, moral and professional responsibility. We consider potential effects for patients, including on trust in healthcare, and provide some social science explanations for the apparent rush to implement AI solutions. We conclude by anticipating future ...


Crossing Boundaries: Rethinking The Ways That First-In-Family Students Navigate 'Barriers' To Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea Jan 2020

Crossing Boundaries: Rethinking The Ways That First-In-Family Students Navigate 'Barriers' To Higher Education, Sarah Elizabeth O'Shea

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

This article explores how one cohort of first-in-family students narrated their movement into and through university, proposed as a form of boundary crossing. These metaphors emerged from the stories that students told about their persistence, with references ranging from institutional or organisational boundaries through to those imposed by self and others. Applying the sensitizing lens of boundary crossing, an analysis is provided of how learners navigated their transition into university and the types of persistence behaviours adopted. The focus is on those who traversed these boundaries, considering the nature of incursions and the ways these were negotiated within students' everyday ...


The Stereoscopic Advantage For Vection Persists Despite Reversed Disparity, Stephen Palmisano, Shinji Nakamura, Robert S. Allison, Bernhard E. Riecke Jan 2020

The Stereoscopic Advantage For Vection Persists Despite Reversed Disparity, Stephen Palmisano, Shinji Nakamura, Robert S. Allison, Bernhard E. Riecke

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Research has shown that consistent stereoscopic information improves the vection (i.e. illusions of self-motion) induced in stationary observers. This study investigates the effects of placing stereoscopic information into direct conflict with monocular motion signals by swapping the observer's left and right eye views to reverse disparity. Experiments compared the vection induced by stereo-consistent, stereo-reversed and flat-stereo patterns of: (1) same-size optic flow, which contained monocular motion perspective information about self-motion, and (2) changing-size optic flow, which provided additional monocular information about motion-in-depth based on local changes in object image sizes. As expected, consistent stereoscopic information improved the vection-in-depth ...


Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh Jan 2020

Friday Essay: This Grandmother Tree Connects Me To Country. I Cried When I Saw Her Burned, Vanessa I. Cavanagh

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

I remember brushing my teeth over the green enamel sink. I would gaze out the window at a prominent grandmother and ponder her age. This grandmother had soft pink skin, smooth and dimpled, and incredible curves that burled in places. She stood at least 25 metres tall. She was one of the sentinel trees which stood strong on the property where I grew up in Colo Heights, northwest of Sydney, at the edge of Darkinjung Country. Belonging to the Angophora costata family, she, like me, is part of human and non-human kinship networks that connect us with Country. To begin ...


Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Mezirow Moments: The Value Of Conferences For A Mother Returning To Study, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

It's not easy to change career paths, but it is something that teachers often consider after working in one field for many years. This can mean a return to study, but as Adult Education experts have noted, older learners usually face some specific barriers in returning to school that younger learners do not, and sometimes these barriers prevent them from trying. And if you are a mother, like I am, even going to a conference can be difficult. This is my story of the challenges I faced in returning to study, and of the people who helped me to ...


Participation In Domains Of Physical Activity Among Australian Youth During The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff Jan 2020

Participation In Domains Of Physical Activity Among Australian Youth During The Transition From Childhood To Adolescence: A Longitudinal Study, Byron Kemp, Anne-Maree Parrish, Marijka Batterham, Dylan P. Cliff

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Background: Information about the domains of physical activity (PA) that are most prone to decline between late childhood (11 y), early adolescence (13 y), and mid-adolescence (15 y) may support more targeted health promotion strategies. This study explored longitudinal trends in nonorganized PA, organized PA, active transport and active chores/work between childhood and adolescence, and potential sociodemographic moderators of changes. Methods: Data were sourced from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (n = 4108). Participation in PA domains was extracted from youth time-use diaries. Potential moderators were sex, Indigenous status, language spoken at home, socioeconomic position, and geographical remoteness. Results ...


Ecological, Economical And Technological Perspectives Based Sustainability Assessment In Hybrid-Cooling Assisted Machining Of Ti-6al-4 V Alloy, Munish Gupta, Qinghua Song, Zhanqiang Liu, Murat Sarikaya, Muhammad Jamil, Mozammel Mia, Vinod Kushvaha, Anil Singla, Zhixiong Li Jan 2020

Ecological, Economical And Technological Perspectives Based Sustainability Assessment In Hybrid-Cooling Assisted Machining Of Ti-6al-4 V Alloy, Munish Gupta, Qinghua Song, Zhanqiang Liu, Murat Sarikaya, Muhammad Jamil, Mozammel Mia, Vinod Kushvaha, Anil Singla, Zhixiong Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Ti-6Al-4 V alloy is a well-acknowledged standard material for the application of modern aerospace, surgical equipment, and prosthetic body parts owing to its stable thermo-physical properties at elevated temperature. However, this structure stability imparts its low thermal conductivity that leads to buildup of heat at tool-workpiece interface during machining which subsequently has a damaging effect on the tool cutting edge. Several biodegradable cutting fluids have already been attempted controlling the heat generation, environmental footprints to improve the overall machinability. In this endeavor, the effectiveness of dry, liquid nitrogen (LN2) and hybrid cryogenic and minimum quantity lubrication ...


Hybrid Translation And Language Model For Micro Learning Material Recommendation, Jiayin Lin Jan 2020

Hybrid Translation And Language Model For Micro Learning Material Recommendation, Jiayin Lin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

As an emerging pedagogy, micro learning aims to make use of people’s fragmented spare time and provide personalized online learning service, for example, by pushing fragmented knowledge to specific learners. In the context of big data, the recommender system is the key factor for realizing the online personalization service, which significantly determines what information will be fmally accessed by the target learners. In the education discipline, due to the pedagogical requirements and the domain characteristics, ranking recommended learning materials is essential for maintaining the outcome of the massive learning scenario. However, many widely used recommendation strategies in other domains ...


Pressure-Drop Modelling In The Softening And Melting Test For Ferrous Burden, Subhasish Mitra, Xinliang Liu, Tom Honeyands, Geoffrey Evans, Damien O'Dea, Paul Zulli Jan 2020

Pressure-Drop Modelling In The Softening And Melting Test For Ferrous Burden, Subhasish Mitra, Xinliang Liu, Tom Honeyands, Geoffrey Evans, Damien O'Dea, Paul Zulli

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020 ISIJ The softening and melting (SM) under load test is routinely conducted to assess the quality of ferrous burden materials and to predict their possible performance in blast furnace. Due to complex phase interactions coupled with chemical reactions at an elevated temperature range (~973 to 1 873 K), the flow dynamics in the test system are quite complex. This study systematically investigates the contraction behaviour and associated pressure drop in a SM test bed for sinter, lump (NBLL, Newman Blend Lump) and a mixture of these two types of ore (21 wt% NBLL + 79 wt% sinter). To quantify the ...


Recent Advancements In G-C3n4-Based Photocatalysts For Photocatalytic Co2reduction: A Mini Review, Runlu Liu, Zhixin Chen, Yao Yao, Yao Li, Waqas A. Cheema, Dawei Wang, Shenmin Zhu Jan 2020

Recent Advancements In G-C3n4-Based Photocatalysts For Photocatalytic Co2reduction: A Mini Review, Runlu Liu, Zhixin Chen, Yao Yao, Yao Li, Waqas A. Cheema, Dawei Wang, Shenmin Zhu

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020 The Royal Society of Chemistry. Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a very important micro-molecular resource. Using CO2 captured from the atmosphere for high-output synthesis of chemicals as raw materials has great significance and potential for various industrial applications. Since the industrial revolution in the 18th century, manmade CO2 emission has increased by 45%, which negatively impacts the planetary climate by the so-called greenhouse effect. Therefore, high-efficiency photocatalysis and photocatalysts for CO2 conversion have become the most important challenges and milestones throughout the world. In consideration of this, various catalysts have been explored. Among these, graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) as a ...


Towards Mr-Guided Electron Therapy: Measurement And Simulation Of Clinical Electron Beams In Magnetic Fields, R Kueng, Bradley M. Oborn, N Roberts, Trent Causer, M Stampanoni, P Manser, P Keall, M Fix Jan 2020

Towards Mr-Guided Electron Therapy: Measurement And Simulation Of Clinical Electron Beams In Magnetic Fields, R Kueng, Bradley M. Oborn, N Roberts, Trent Causer, M Stampanoni, P Manser, P Keall, M Fix

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020 Associazione Italiana di Fisica Medica Purpose: In the current era of MRI-linac radiotherapy, dose optimization with arbitrary dose distributions is a reality. For the first time, we present new and targeted experiments and modeling to aid in evaluating the potential dose improvements offered with an electron beam mode during MRI-linac radiotherapy. Methods: Small collimated (1 cm diameter and 1.5 × 1.5 cm2 square) electron beams (6, 12 and 20 MeV) from a clinical linear accelerator (Varian Clinac 2100C) are incident perpendicular and parallel to the strong and localized magnetic fields (0–0.7 T) generated by a permanent ...


Using Cost-Sensitive Learning And Feature Selection Algorithms To Improve The Performance Of Imbalanced Classification, Fang Feng, Kuan-Ching Li, Jun Shen, Qingguo Zhou, Xuhui Yang Jan 2020

Using Cost-Sensitive Learning And Feature Selection Algorithms To Improve The Performance Of Imbalanced Classification, Fang Feng, Kuan-Ching Li, Jun Shen, Qingguo Zhou, Xuhui Yang

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Imbalanced data problem is widely present in network intrusion detection, spam filtering, biomedical engineering, finance, science, being a challenge in many real-life data-intensive applications. Classifier bias occurs when traditional classification algorithms are used to deal with imbalanced data. As already known, the General Vector Machine (GVM) algorithm has good generalization ability, though it does not work well for the imbalanced classification. Additionally, the state-of-the-art Binary Ant Lion Optimizer (BALO) algorithm has high exploitability and fast convergence rate. Based on these facts, we have proposed in this paper a Cost-sensitive Feature selection General Vector Machine (CFGVM) algorithm based on GVM and ...


Automatic Ventricular Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Image Processing With Deep Learning, Binbin Yong, Chen Wang, Jun Shen, Fucun Li, Hang Yin Jan 2020

Automatic Ventricular Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Image Processing With Deep Learning, Binbin Yong, Chen Wang, Jun Shen, Fucun Li, Hang Yin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) seriously threaten the health of human beings, and they have caused widespread concern in recent years. At present, the diagnosis of CVD is mainly conducted by computed tomography (CT), echocardiography and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) technologies. NMR imaging technology is widely used in medical applications owing to its characteristics of high resolution and very low radiation. However, manual NMR image segmentation is time-consuming and error-prone, which has led to the research on automatic NMR image segmentation technologies. Researchers tend to explore the ventricular NRM image segmentation to improve the accuracy of CVD diagnosis. In this study, based ...


An In Situ Synchrotron Study Of The Localized B2↔B19' Phase Transformation In An Ni-Ti Alloy Subjected To Uniaxial Cyclic Loading-Unloading With Incremental Strains, Xiaohui Bian, Ahmed A. Saleh, Peter Lynch, Christopher Davies, Azdiar Adil Gazder, Elena V. Pereloma Jan 2020

An In Situ Synchrotron Study Of The Localized B2↔B19' Phase Transformation In An Ni-Ti Alloy Subjected To Uniaxial Cyclic Loading-Unloading With Incremental Strains, Xiaohui Bian, Ahmed A. Saleh, Peter Lynch, Christopher Davies, Azdiar Adil Gazder, Elena V. Pereloma

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020. High-resolution in situ synchrotron X-ray diffraction was applied to study a cold-drawn and solution-treated 56Ni-44Tiwt% alloy subjected to uniaxial cyclic loading-unloading with incremental strains. The micro-mechanical behaviour associated with the partial and repeated B2↔B19' phase transformation at the centre of the sample gauge length was studied with respect to the macroscopic stress-strain response. The lattice strains of the (110)B2 and different B19' grain families are affected by (i) the transformation strain, the load-bearing capacity of both phases and the strain continuity maintained at/near the B2-B19' interfaces at the centre of the gauge length, and (ii) the ...


Autonomous Control Strategy For Microgrid Operating Modes Smooth Transition, Yaran Li, Long Fu, Ke Meng, Zhao Dong, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Wenli Du Jan 2020

Autonomous Control Strategy For Microgrid Operating Modes Smooth Transition, Yaran Li, Long Fu, Ke Meng, Zhao Dong, Kashem M. Muttaqi, Wenli Du

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2013 IEEE. Microgrid transition between standalone and grid-connected modes is a promising alternative to provide the grid with increasing flexibility and availability. However, transition smoothness relies heavily on control topologies and corresponding parameters, which thus remains challengeable. Existing microgrid transition strategies have two major deficiencies: 1) Inverter control mode alters subjected to microgrid operating mode, for instance, the inverter in current control will switch to voltage control when microgrid disconnects to the utility grid; 2) Controller parameters are selected based on practice and experience, where a systematic and efficient approach does not exist. Motivated by these limitations, in this paper ...


A 3d Printed Modular Soft Gripper For Conformal Grasping, Charbel Tawk, Rahim Mutlu, Gursel Alici Jan 2020

A 3d Printed Modular Soft Gripper For Conformal Grasping, Charbel Tawk, Rahim Mutlu, Gursel Alici

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

© 2020 IEEE. In this work, a 3D printed modular soft gripper with highly conformal soft fingers was developed. A soft auxetic structure with compliant ribs is 3D printed simultaneously with each soft pneumatic finger for conformal grasping. The fingers of the soft gripper were printed monolithically, without requiring support material and postprocessing, using a low-cost and open-source fused deposition modeling (FDM) 3D printer that employs a commercially available thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU). The soft fingers of the gripper were optimized using finite element modeling (FEM). The FE simulations accurately predicted the performance of the fingers in terms of deformation and blocked ...


An International Survey On The Clinical Use Of Rigid And Deformable Image Registration In Radiotherapy, Johnson Yuen, Jeffrey Barber, Anna C. Ralston, Alison Gray, Amy L. Walker, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Laurel Schmidt, Kristie Harrison, Joel Poder, Jonathan Sykes, Michael G. Jameson Jan 2020

An International Survey On The Clinical Use Of Rigid And Deformable Image Registration In Radiotherapy, Johnson Yuen, Jeffrey Barber, Anna C. Ralston, Alison Gray, Amy L. Walker, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Laurel Schmidt, Kristie Harrison, Joel Poder, Jonathan Sykes, Michael G. Jameson

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part A

Objectives: Rigid image registration (RIR) and deformable image registration (DIR) are widely used in radiotherapy. This project aims to capture current international approaches to image registration. Methods: A survey was designed to identify variations in use, resources, implementation, and decision-making criteria for clinical image registration. This was distributed to radiotherapy centers internationally in 2018. Results: There were 57 responses internationally, from the Americas (46%), Australia/New Zealand (32%), Europe (12%), and Asia (10%). Rigid image registration and DIR were used clinically for computed tomography (CT)-CT registration (96% and 51%, respectively), followed by CT-PET (81% and 47%), CT-CBCT (84% and ...


Ending Tb In Australia: Organizational Challenges For Regional Tuberculosis Programs, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Carroll, Justin Denholm, Ben Marais, Angus Dawson Jan 2020

Ending Tb In Australia: Organizational Challenges For Regional Tuberculosis Programs, Christopher J. Degeling, Jane Carroll, Justin Denholm, Ben Marais, Angus Dawson

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 Elsevier B.V. The World Health Organization's End TB Strategy aims to eliminate tuberculosis (TB) by 2050. Low-burden countries such as Australia are targeted for early elimination (2035), which will require an increase in the intensity and scope of case finding and treatment of people with latent TB infection (LTBI). Because 80 % of TB disease in Australia occurs in metropolitan Sydney (New South Wales) and Melbourne (Victoria), the commitment to move towards elimination has major implications for TB programs in these jurisdictions. We report on a case study analysis that compares and contrasts key attributes of each of ...


Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho Jan 2020

Risk Factors Associated With Suicidal Ideation And Suicide Attempts In Bhutan: An Analysis Of The 2014 Bhutan Steps Survey Data, Tashi Dendup, Yun Zhao, Tandin Dorji, Sonam Phuntsho

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Suicide is a major public health problem globally. Data on the factors influencing suicidal behaviours that can inform prevention policies are limited in Bhutan. This study used the dataset of the nationally-representative Bhutan STEPS Survey conducted in 2014 that assessed the non-communicable disease risk factors. Using a backward elimination approach, multiple logistic regression analysis accounting for the complex survey design was performed to identify the factors associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in adults separately. The prevalence of suicidal ideation and suicide attempt was 3.1% and 0.7%, respectively. We found female gender, being unemployed, low and middle ...


Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase Jan 2020

Social Value And Its Impact Through Widening Participation: A Review Of Four Programs Working With Primary, Secondary & Higher Education Students, Jioji Ravulo, Shannon Said, Jim Micsko, Gayl Purchase

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

In 2017 the Office of Widening Participation conducted a program- wide analysis of the Social Return On Investment (SROI) to evaluate the impact of four Widening Participation programs at Western Sydney University (WSU). The programs evaluated were Fast Forward, Strive Towards Educational Participation and Success (STEPS), First Foot Forward, and Pasifika Achievement To Higher Education (PATHE). The overlapping aim amongst the four programs is to increase higher education participation rates, particularly for students coming from low socio-economic backgrounds. The SROI framework provided a holistic analysis by intertwining qualitative and quantitative data. The analysis showed that each program-albeit with differences-produced a ...


Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted Jan 2020

Learning To Dance, Skye Playsted

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2020

"A Big Influence On My Teaching Career And My Life": A Longitudinal Study Of Learning To Teach English Pronunciation, Michael S. Burri, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

Inquiry into learning to teach pronunciation is a growing area within the second language teacher education research paradigm. To what extent this learning process extends into instructors' early years of teaching pronunciation has yet to be explored. This article is a response to this need by exploring the 3.5-year trajectory of five teachers learning to teach English pronunciation. The study was conducted in two phases. In Phase 1, pre- and post-course questionnaires, weekly observations of the lectures, focus groups interviews, final post-course interviews, and the participants' final assessment task were triangulated to examine the development of participants' cognitions during ...


International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett Jan 2020

International Federation Of Clinical Neurophysiology (Ifcn) - Eeg Research Workgroup: Recommendations On Frequency And Topographic Analysis Of Resting State Eeg Rhythms. Part 1: Applications In Clinical Research Studies, Claudio Babiloni, Robert J. Barry, Erol Basar, Katarzyna Blinowska, Andrzej Cichocki, Wilhelmus Drinkenburg, Wolfgang Klimesch, Robert T. Knight, Fernando Lopes Da Silva, Paul Nunez, Robert Oostenveld, Jaeseung Jeong, Roberto Pascual-Marqui, P Valdes-Sosa, Mark Hallett

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers (Archive)

2019 International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology In 1999, the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology (IFCN) published "IFCN Guidelines for topographic and frequency analysis of EEGs and EPs" (Nuwer et al., 1999). Here a Workgroup of IFCN experts presents unanimous recommendations on the following procedures relevant for the topographic and frequency analysis of resting state EEGs (rsEEGs) in clinical research defined as neurophysiological experimental studies carried out in neurological and psychiatric patients: (1) recording of rsEEGs (environmental conditions and instructions to participants; montage of the EEG electrodes; recording settings); (2) digital storage of rsEEG and control data; (3) computerized visualization of ...