Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

University of Wollongong

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 14286

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Mutual Rescue: Disabled Animals And Their Caretakers, Lynda Birke, Lori Gruen Jan 2022

Mutual Rescue: Disabled Animals And Their Caretakers, Lynda Birke, Lori Gruen

Animal Studies Journal

In this paper, we explore how caretakers experience living with disabled companion animals. Drawing on interviews, as well as narratives on websites and other support groups, we examine ways in which caretakers describe the lives of animals they live with, and their various disabilties. The animals were mostly dogs, plus a few cats, with a range of physical disabilities; almost all had been rehomed, often from places specializing in homing disabled animals.

Three themes emerged from analysis of these texts: first, respondents drew heavily on the common narrative of disabled individuals as heroes, often noted in disability rights literature – while ...


The Number Game: Counting Kangaroos, David Brooks Jan 2022

The Number Game: Counting Kangaroos, David Brooks

Animal Studies Journal

Well over one million kangaroos are shot each year in New South Wales, around half of them for the kangaroo ‘industry’, a harvest underpinned by the annual supply of population estimates sustaining the widespread impression that kangaroos are a ‘pest’, ‘in plague proportions’. Each year these figures, added to historical tables (typically from 1990 onward), are published as part of the state’s Quota Report, upon which the following year’s shooting quota is based. Drawn from aerial surveys, these estimates are nevertheless characterised by the persistent incidence of extraordinary annual population growth rates, well in excess of biological possibility ...


Wild Dogs And Decolonization: Ivan Sen’S Mystery Road And Omar Musa’S Here Come The Dogs, Iris Ralph Jan 2022

Wild Dogs And Decolonization: Ivan Sen’S Mystery Road And Omar Musa’S Here Come The Dogs, Iris Ralph

Animal Studies Journal

The broad subject of First Nations and decolonial perspectives on animal flourishing is addressed in this paper in a reading of references to canids in Mystery Road (2013), a film by the First Nations-Australian director, Ivan Sen, and Here Come the Dogs (2014), a novel by the Malaysian-Australian author Omar Musa. Dingoes and other wild dogs are a prominent trope in Sen’s film and tie to seemingly perdurable debates about the rights of these animals to flourish in Australia. Dingo advocates argue that dingoes are endemic to Australia, are Australia’s oldest introduced animals, and are a top predator ...


[Review] ‘Every Moving Thing Shall Be Meat For You.’ A Review Of David Brooks. Animal Dreams. Animal Publics Series, Sydney University Press, 2021. 290 Pp., Michelle Hamadache Jan 2022

[Review] ‘Every Moving Thing Shall Be Meat For You.’ A Review Of David Brooks. Animal Dreams. Animal Publics Series, Sydney University Press, 2021. 290 Pp., Michelle Hamadache

Animal Studies Journal

[Review] ‘Every Moving Thing Shall Be Meat for You.’ A review of David Brooks. Animal Dreams. Animal Publics series, Sydney University Press, 2021. 290 pp. Animal Dreams is David Brooks’s third book assailing the vast edifice of the human-animal’s obdurate refusal to rethink its relationship with other animals. It is an erudite and searching contribution to the field of animal studies, and a passionate, persuasive appeal to the mind, heart and senses to change the way of human being-in-the-world that is pushing so many species to extinction and exploiting and truncating the lives of individual animals. Brooks is ...


[Review] Liz P.Y. Chee. Mao’S Bestiary: Medicinal Animals And Modern China. Duke University Press, 2021. 288 Pp., Peter J. Li Jan 2022

[Review] Liz P.Y. Chee. Mao’S Bestiary: Medicinal Animals And Modern China. Duke University Press, 2021. 288 Pp., Peter J. Li

Animal Studies Journal

[Review] Liz P.Y. Chee. Mao’s Bestiary: Medicinal Animals and Modern China. Duke University Press, 2021. 288 pp. The COVID-19 pandemic has secured its place as a 21st century global public health disaster. It has killed more than 6.2 million and infected close to 500 million people worldwide (Worldometer). Acknowledging Wuhan’s wildlife market as the ground zero of the pandemic and the devastation caused by SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) 17 years earlier, China’s Communist authorities made the long overdue decision on February 24, 2020 and outlawed wildlife breeding and trade for the country’s exotic ...


[Review] Mieke Roscher, André Krebber, And Brett Mizelle, Editors. Handbook Of Historical Animal Studies. Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2021. 637 Pp., David Herman Jan 2022

[Review] Mieke Roscher, André Krebber, And Brett Mizelle, Editors. Handbook Of Historical Animal Studies. Berlin: Walter De Gruyter, 2021. 637 Pp., David Herman

Animal Studies Journal

[Review] Mieke Roscher, André Krebber, and Brett Mizelle, editors. Handbook of Historical Animal Studies. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2021. 637 pp. In their introduction to the volume under review, ‘Writing History after the Animal Turn? An Introduction to Historical Animal Studies’ (1–18), which uses Harriet Ritvo’s 2007 article ‘On the Animal Turn’ as a key reference point, the editors describe as follows the main goal of and broader rationale for the book: "the discourses of human-animal studies and historical animal studies, just like all the other disciplines involved in the reevaluation of the lives of animals and our ...


Learning Hope In The Anthropocene: The Party For The Animals And Hope As A Political Practice, Eva Meijer Jan 2022

Learning Hope In The Anthropocene: The Party For The Animals And Hope As A Political Practice, Eva Meijer

Animal Studies Journal

This article investigates the role of hope in politics, in the context of the current climate crisis. Hoping for positive transformation may seem naïve and or a way to avoid action, but there is a close connection between hope and democratic action. Understood as a collective political practice, hope can contribute to imagining and articulating alternative futures, and motivate action. The first part of the paper explicates the relevance of the work of Ernst Bloch for the challenges of the Anthropocene. It focuses specifically on learning hope as a collective political practice, the function of utopias in fostering political ...


Zoolondopolis, Pablo P. Castelló Jan 2022

Zoolondopolis, Pablo P. Castelló

Animal Studies Journal

Imagine a future in which animals had fundamental rights to political participation and voting. What would our towns and cities look like? What kind of infrastructure would we need? And what kind of zoodemocracy would we, animals, co-author? As counterintuitive as it might seem, sometimes what is needed is not a minimal agenda. Animal rights theorists and the animal rights movement more generally have focused for decades on abolishing the farming of animals and on one-issue campaigns such as the abolition of the animal fur trade. These are noble and important pursuits, but what if the driving force to produce ...


Snake Church, Sue Hall Pyke Jan 2022

Snake Church, Sue Hall Pyke

Animal Studies Journal

This paper imagines Snake Church as a post-secular worship practice that reaches with and beyond the vilified serpent held within the limits of Judeo-Christianity. Snake Church offers a devotional practice enlivening enough to shift the languish of a post-secular world where the reasonableness of Enlightenment has crumbled into numbers like 440ppms and 1.5C. The Western empire has been revealed as stark naked, vulnerable, an old skin that cannot hold my world. Snake Church offers me a sacred opiating hope. As I approach a nascent liturgy, here, in the settler-ravaged Stony Rises, home to the Eastern Maar tiger snake and ...


The Spotted Hyena In Popular Media And The Biopolitical Implications For Conservation Strategy, Annika Hugosson Jan 2022

The Spotted Hyena In Popular Media And The Biopolitical Implications For Conservation Strategy, Annika Hugosson

Animal Studies Journal

The hyena has been depicted as a villain for millennia, with examples spanning from ancient European texts to today’s popular culture. In the past 30 years, especially, catalysed by Disney’s The Lion King, the hyena-as-villain has been cycled throughout various media. By taking a critical animal studies approach to analysing Western media content depicting hyenas, specifically the spotted hyena, I theorize the implications of morally othering hyenas such that they are rendered killable, which relegates them relative to other species-specific conservation concerns. Hyenas are vilified in part through misrepresentations of their actual ecological roles, the biopolitical ramifications of ...


Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Sally Borrell, Clare Archer-Lean Jan 2022

Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Sally Borrell, Clare Archer-Lean

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2022 11(1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Contributor Biographies.


Creativity And Cross-Institutional Collaboration In The Digidex Community Of Practice, Kat Cain, Karen Miller, Kristy Newton Jan 2022

Creativity And Cross-Institutional Collaboration In The Digidex Community Of Practice, Kat Cain, Karen Miller, Kristy Newton

Senior Deputy Vice-Chancellor and Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Education) - Papers

Responding to industry need, the Council of Australian University Librarians (CAUL) sector-wide approach to developing digital dexterity established a unique practitioner-led network and Community of Practice (CoP). This paper focuses on how a core-group (Digital Dexterity Champions) within the cross-institutional CoP has self-formed a flourishing learning culture that fosters creativity. We explore aspects underpinning the creative collaboration evident within the Champions culture. In sharing stories of creative library practice, we highlight the generative power of initiatives that nurture a sharing culture. We argue for the value of supporting cross-boundary spaces that enable individuals to work creatively together.


A Nude Horse Is A Rude Horse: The Society For Indecency To Naked Animals, Thomas Aiello Oct 2021

A Nude Horse Is A Rude Horse: The Society For Indecency To Naked Animals, Thomas Aiello

Animal Studies Journal

In 1959, Alan Abel began sending out a series of press releases to American media outlets credited to a new organization, The Society for Indecency to Naked Animals. Using the language of conservative moralists opposed to the changes in postwar society, he argued that ‘naked’ animals were scandalous and needed to be clothed. Pets, farm animals, and wildlife were all included, as the organization hued to slogans like ‘a nude horse is a rude horse’ and ‘decency today means morality tomorrow’. Abel employed comedian Buck Henry to play the organization’s president, G. Clifford Prout, who gave interviews and speeches ...


Utilizing Qr Codes To Verify The Visual Fidelity Of Image Datasets For Machine Learning, Yang-Wai Chow, Willy Susilo, Jianfang Wang, Richard Buckland, Joon Sang Baek, Jongkil Kim, Nan Li Jan 2021

Utilizing Qr Codes To Verify The Visual Fidelity Of Image Datasets For Machine Learning, Yang-Wai Chow, Willy Susilo, Jianfang Wang, Richard Buckland, Joon Sang Baek, Jongkil Kim, Nan Li

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Machine learning is becoming increasingly popular in modern technology and has been adopted in various application areas. However, researchers have demonstrated that machine learning models are vulnerable to adversarial examples in their inputs, which has given rise to a field of research known as adversarial machine learning. Potential adversarial attacks include methods of poisoning datasets by perturbing input samples to mislead machine learning models into producing undesirable results. While such perturbations are often subtle and imperceptible from the perspective of a human, they can greatly affect the performance of machine learning models. This paper presents two methods of verifying the ...


Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement: Relationships Between Student Evaluation Scores And Perceived Learning, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas Suesse, Kosta Jovanovic, Zarko Stanisavljevic Jan 2021

Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement: Relationships Between Student Evaluation Scores And Perceived Learning, Sasha Nikolic, Thomas Suesse, Kosta Jovanovic, Zarko Stanisavljevic

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Contribution: This article provides evidence that perceived learning has a relationship and influences the way students evaluate laboratory experiments, facilities, and demonstrators. Background: Debate continues on the capability and/or reliability of students to evaluate teaching and/or learning. Understanding such relationships can help educators decode evaluation data to develop more effective teaching experiences. Research Question: Does a relationship exist between student evaluation scores and perceived learning? Methodology: Perceived learning across the cognitive, psychomotor, and affective domains was measured using the Laboratory Learning Objectives Measurement (LLOM) tool at an Australian (344 students) and Serbian (181 students) university. A multilevel statistical ...


Mlc Tracking For Lung Sabr Is Feasible, Efficient And Delivers High-Precision Target Dose And Lower Normal Tissue Dose, Jeremy Booth, Vincent Caillet, Adam Briggs, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Georgios Angelis, Dasantha Jayamanne, Meegan Shepherd, Alexander Podreka, Kathryn Szymura, Doan Nguyen, Per Poulsen, Ricky O'Brien, Benjamin Harris, Carol Haddad, Thomas Eade, Paul Keall Jan 2021

Mlc Tracking For Lung Sabr Is Feasible, Efficient And Delivers High-Precision Target Dose And Lower Normal Tissue Dose, Jeremy Booth, Vincent Caillet, Adam Briggs, Nicholas G. Hardcastle, Georgios Angelis, Dasantha Jayamanne, Meegan Shepherd, Alexander Podreka, Kathryn Szymura, Doan Nguyen, Per Poulsen, Ricky O'Brien, Benjamin Harris, Carol Haddad, Thomas Eade, Paul Keall

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Background and purpose: The purpose of this work is to present the clinical experience from the first-in-human trial of real-time tumor targeting via MLC tracking for stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR) of lung lesions. Methods and materials: Seventeen patients with stage 1 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) or lung metastases were included in a study of electromagnetic transponder–guided MLC tracking for SABR (NCT02514512). Patients had electromagnetic transponders inserted near the tumor. An MLC tracking SABR plan was generated with planning target volume (PTV) expanded 5 mm from the end-exhale gross tumor volume (GTV). A clinically approved comparator plan was ...


Genetic Variation For Fusarium Crown Rot Tolerance In Durum Wheat, Gururaj Pralhad Kadkol, Jess Meza, Steven Simpfendorfer, Steve Harden, Brian R. Cullis Professor Jan 2021

Genetic Variation For Fusarium Crown Rot Tolerance In Durum Wheat, Gururaj Pralhad Kadkol, Jess Meza, Steven Simpfendorfer, Steve Harden, Brian R. Cullis Professor

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Tolerance to the cereal disease Fusarium crown rot (FCR) was investigated in a set of 34 durum wheat genotypes, with Suntop, (bread wheat) and EGA Bellaroi (durum) as tolerant and intolerant controls, in a series of replicated field trials over four years with inoculated (FCR-i) and non-inoculated (FCR-n) plots of the genotypes. The genotypes included con- ventional durum lines and lines derived from crossing durum with 2–49, a bread wheat geno- type with the highest level of partial resistance to FCR. A split plot trial design was chosen to optimize the efficiency for the prediction of FCR tolerance for ...


Electrospun Nanofibers For Efficient Adsorption Of Heavy Metals From Water And Wastewater, Maryam Salehi, Donya Sharafoddinzadeh, Fatemeh Mokhtari, Mitra Salehi Esfandarani, Shafieh Karami Jan 2021

Electrospun Nanofibers For Efficient Adsorption Of Heavy Metals From Water And Wastewater, Maryam Salehi, Donya Sharafoddinzadeh, Fatemeh Mokhtari, Mitra Salehi Esfandarani, Shafieh Karami

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

Heavy metals (HMs) are persistent and toxic environmental pollutants that pose critical risks toward human health and environmental safety. Their efficient elimination from water and wastewater is essential to protect public health, ensure environmental safety, and enhance sustainability. In the recent decade, nanomaterials have been developed extensively for rapid and effective removal of HMs from water and wastewater and to address the certain economical and operational challenges associated with conventional treatment practices, including chemical precipitation, ion exchange, adsorption, and membrane separation. However, the complicated and expensive manufacturing process of nanoparticles and nanotubes, their reduced adsorption capacity due to the aggregation ...


Infinitesimal Knowledges, Rodney Nillsen Jan 2021

Infinitesimal Knowledges, Rodney Nillsen

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The notion of indivisibles and atoms arose in ancient Greece. The continuum—that is, the collection of points in a straight line segment, appeared to have paradoxical properties, arising from the ‘indivisibles’ that remain after a process of division has been carried out throughout the continuum. In the seventeenth century, Italian mathematicians were using new methods involving the notion of indivisibles, and the paradoxes of the continuum appeared in a new context. This cast doubt on the validity of the methods and the reliability of mathematical knowledge which had been regarded as established by the axiomatic method in geometry expounded ...


A Hybrid Unsupervised Clustering-Based Anomaly Detection Method, Guo Pu, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen, Fang Dong Jan 2021

A Hybrid Unsupervised Clustering-Based Anomaly Detection Method, Guo Pu, Lijuan Wang, Jun Shen, Fang Dong

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

In recent years, machine learning-based cyber intrusion detection methods have gained increasing popularity. The number and complexity of new attacks continue to rise; therefore, effective and intelligent solutions are necessary. Unsupervised machine learning techniques are particularly appealing to intrusion detection systems since they can detect known and unknown types of attacks as well as zero-day attacks. In the current paper, we present an unsupervised anomaly detection method, which combines Sub-Space Clustering (SSC) and One Class Support Vector Machine (OCSVM) to detect attacks without any prior knowledge. The proposed approach is evaluated using the well-known NSL-KDD dataset. The experimental results demonstrate ...


Towards A More Effective Bidirectional Lstm-Based Learning Model For Human-Bacterium Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen, Lei Wang, Yaochu Jin Jan 2021

Towards A More Effective Bidirectional Lstm-Based Learning Model For Human-Bacterium Protein-Protein Interactions, Huaming Chen, Jun Shen, Lei Wang, Yaochu Jin

Faculty of Engineering and Information Sciences - Papers: Part B

The identification of protein-protein interaction (PPI) is one of the most important tasks to understand the biological functions and disease mechanisms. Although numerous databases of biological interactions have been published in debt to advanced high-throughput technology, the study of inter-species protein-protein interactions, especially between human and bacterium pathogens, remains an active yet challenging topic to harness computational models tackling the complex analysis and prediction tasks. In this paper, we comprehensively revisit the prediction task of human-bacterium protein-protein interactions (HB-PPI), which is a first ever endeavour to report an empirical evaluation in learning and predicting HB-PPI based on machine learning models ...


Empathy, Animals, And Deadly Vices, Kathie Jenni Jan 2021

Empathy, Animals, And Deadly Vices, Kathie Jenni

Animal Studies Journal

In Deadly Vices, Gabriele Taylor provides a secular analysis of vices which in Christian theology were thought to bring death to the soul: sloth, envy, avarice, pride, anger, lust, and gluttony. She argues that these vices are appropriately singled out and grouped together in that ‘they are destructive of the self and prevent its flourishing’. Using a related approach, I offer a secular analysis of gluttony and cowardice, examining their roles in common failures to empathise with animals. I argue that these vices constitute serious moral failings, for they enable continuing complicity in animal abuse and undermine integrity. While Taylor ...


Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde Jan 2021

Cover Page, Table Of Contents, Editorial And Contributor Biographies, Melissa Boyde

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Cover Page, Table of Contents, Editorial and Contributor Biographies.


Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives On Covid-19, Chloë Taylor, Kelly Struthers Montford, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Introduction: Critical Animal Studies Perspectives on Covid-19


A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro Jan 2021

A Covid Calendar, In Twelve Animals, Dana Medoro

Animal Studies Journal

This poem reflects upon the year 2020, the death of an animal-activist in Canada, and the murderous effects of COVID-19 on non-human animals


Multispecies Disposability: Taxonomies Of Power In A Global Pandemic, Darren Chang, Lauren Corman Jan 2021

Multispecies Disposability: Taxonomies Of Power In A Global Pandemic, Darren Chang, Lauren Corman

Animal Studies Journal

This paper bridges critical conversations regarding animal exploitation and racialized violence that have been occurring throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. We apply Claire Jean Kim’s analysis of taxonomies of power to help make sense of the interwoven multispecies catastrophes of racialized animalization and animalized racialization, such as the violence experienced by various species of nonhuman animals, as well as East Asians and other People of Colour in the West, whether in public spaces, in media, on farms, or inside industrial animal slaughterhouses or meatpacking plants. We conclude by arguing that Kim’s ethics of mutual avowal provides a productive way ...


The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon Jan 2021

The Contagion Of Slow Violence: The Slaughterhouse And Covid-19, Kelly Struthers Montford, Tessa Wotherspoon

Animal Studies Journal

COVID-19 has brought to the fore the violence faced by slaughterhouse workers and those they are charged with slaughtering. This article argues that COVID-19 has wrought an acceleration of the slow violence of state organized race crime (Nixon, Ward), in spreading rapidly through the slaughterhouse and to surrounding racialized communities. We show that zoonotic pandemics are the result of state organized race crime, and that abattoirs are locations of inseparable animal and racial violence. We then analyse how the law and state institutions have positioned slaughterhouse work as essential, contra workers’ claims and general knowledge that meat is an inessential ...


The Covid Pandemic, ‘Pivotal’ Moments, And Persistent Anthropocentrism: Interrogating The (Il)Legitimacy Of Critical Animal Perspectives, Paula Arcari Jan 2021

The Covid Pandemic, ‘Pivotal’ Moments, And Persistent Anthropocentrism: Interrogating The (Il)Legitimacy Of Critical Animal Perspectives, Paula Arcari

Animal Studies Journal

Situated alongside, and intertwined with, climate change and the relentless destruction of ‘wild’ nature, the global Covid-19 pandemic should have instigated serious reflection on our profligate use and careless treatment of other animals. Widespread references to ‘pivotal moments’ and the need for a reset in human relations with ‘nature’ appeared promising. However, important questions surrounding the pandemic’s origins and its wider context continue to be ignored and, as a result, this moment has proved anything but pivotal for animals. To explore this disconnect, this paper undertakes an analysis of dominant Covid discourses across key knowledge sites comprising mainstream media ...


Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka Jan 2021

Covid-19 And Capital: Labour Studies And Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue, Charlotte Blattner, Kendra Coulter, Dinesh Wadiwel, Eva Kasprzycka

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): Covid-19 and Capital: Labour Studies and Nonhuman Animals – A Roundtable Dialogue.


[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward Jan 2021

[Review] Dara M. Wald And Anna L. Peterson. Cats And Conservationists: The Debate Over Who Owns The Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 Pp., Wendy Woodward

Animal Studies Journal

Animal Studies Journal 2021 10(1): [Review] Dara M. Wald and Anna L. Peterson. Cats and Conservationists: The Debate over Who Owns the Outdoors. West Lafayette: Purdue University Press, 2020. 153 pp.