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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Hot Topic: Drug Testing Deadline Looms For Employees With Commercial Drivers' Licenses, Mtas Dec 1994

Hot Topic: Drug Testing Deadline Looms For Employees With Commercial Drivers' Licenses, Mtas

MTAS Publications: Hot Topics

Reminder of the January 1, 1995 deadline for all cities with 50 or more employees required to have a commercial drivers' licenses (CDLs) to institute drug and alcohol testing programs for those employees. For cities with fewer than 50 employees with CDLs, the deadline for having their programs in place was January 1, 1996.


Utility Manual: Ideas And Alternatives For Addressing Water And Sewer Fund Issues (1994), W. Ken Joines Dec 1994

Utility Manual: Ideas And Alternatives For Addressing Water And Sewer Fund Issues (1994), W. Ken Joines

MTAS Publications: Full Publications

This manual's purpose is to provide management with ideas, options, and methods to address financial difficulties.


Changes And Choices In The Online Year, Carol Tenopir Dec 1994

Changes And Choices In The Online Year, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

The influence of the Internet and the introduction of alternative search engines, alternative interfaces and new pricing methods were major changes in the online database industry in 1994. Other trends included the development of integrated information systems.


The Use Of Three Dimensional Laser Imaging For Facial Reconstruction, Susannah M. Addyman Dec 1994

The Use Of Three Dimensional Laser Imaging For Facial Reconstruction, Susannah M. Addyman

Masters Theses

This thesis outlines the examination and test of a method developed by the University College, London, Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering for facial reconstruction using the latest technology in three dimensional laser imaging. The University College technique involves a skull on a rotating platform as the focal point of a laser beam fanned out into a straight line. A video camera placed obliquely to the skull records the distortions in the laser beam created by the surface contours. These distortions are recorded from two directions through the use of four surface-silvered mirrors which allows for the triangulation of all ...


True Volunteers: Women's Intercollegiate Athletics At The University Of Tennessee, 1903 To 1976, Eric John Kloiber Dec 1994

True Volunteers: Women's Intercollegiate Athletics At The University Of Tennessee, 1903 To 1976, Eric John Kloiber

Masters Theses

This study outlines the history of women's intercollegiate athletics at the University of Tennessee from its founding in 1903 until the creation of the Women's Athletics Department in 1976. This period was chosen for study due to the absence of athletic scholarships and lack of complete records. Through newspaper research, archival research, and interviews, an attempt has been made to reconstruct, insofar as is practicable, the course of events followed by women's intercollegiate athletics at Tennessee during the period. This study aims to serve as a reference work on the history of women's athletics at Tennessee ...


Hot Topic: First Nfpa Fire Inspector Training Scheduled, Mtas Nov 1994

Hot Topic: First Nfpa Fire Inspector Training Scheduled, Mtas

MTAS Publications: Hot Topics

Notification of a free NFPA Fire Inspector 1 training class, presented by the Tennessee State Fire Marshall's office, held on December 12-15, 1994.


A Second Look At Firstsearch, Carol Tenopir Nov 1994

A Second Look At Firstsearch, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

OCLC's FirstSearch end user online system is used by almost 2,000 libraries worldwide. The OCLC FirstSearch database offerings, including full text, document delivery, prices, easy searching and pilot projects, are discussed.


Hot Topic: City Clerks And Recorders Certification Regulations Summarized, Richard Stokes Oct 1994

Hot Topic: City Clerks And Recorders Certification Regulations Summarized, Richard Stokes

MTAS Publications: Hot Topics

Chapter 648 of the Public Acts of 1994 adds a new law requiring municipal clerks and recorders to become certified by completing 100 hours of education.


Stimulus, Vol. 18, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work Oct 1994

Stimulus, Vol. 18, No. 1, Ut College Of Social Work

Stimulus Alumni Newsletter

No abstract provided.


Connect Time Variations, Carol Tenopir Oct 1994

Connect Time Variations, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Thee is little standardization in online rates, and database vendors continue to change pricing to balance concerns of users, producers and vendors. Some services have replaced connect-time pricing with information-based pricing.


The Emotions Of Searching, Carol Tenopir Sep 1994

The Emotions Of Searching, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Discusses research by the author and Diane Nahl (University of Hawaii) on how novice end users interact with CD-ROM, online public access catalogs (OPAC) and online systems. Measuring affective responses; Affective questions; How the librarian provides reassurance through answering the questions; Additional reading.


Bones Of The Knee Joint And Individual Features That Can Be Used For Forensic Identification, Emily Anne Craig Aug 1994

Bones Of The Knee Joint And Individual Features That Can Be Used For Forensic Identification, Emily Anne Craig

Doctoral Dissertations

This dissertation describes the normal osteology of the bones of the knee joint in correlation to the surrounding soft tissues. Traumatic and surgical modifications of the normal osteological features are also discussed in reference to their significance for anthropological analysis as well as for forensic identification. As a primary focus, a new method of racial determination from the distal femur is described in detail.

This new method involves the measurement of the intercondylar shelf in relation to the posterior shaft of the femur. The intercondylar shelf is a feature of the distal femur that shows significant difference between American Whites ...


Slaves And Master In The Upland South: Archaeological Investigations At The Mabry Site, Henry St. Clair Mckelway Aug 1994

Slaves And Master In The Upland South: Archaeological Investigations At The Mabry Site, Henry St. Clair Mckelway

Doctoral Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Study Of The University Of Tennessee Ronald Mcnair Post Baccalaureate Achievement Program: Factors Related To Graduate School Enrollment For First Generation, Low-Income And Under-Represented College Students, Kenneth Chatman Aug 1994

A Study Of The University Of Tennessee Ronald Mcnair Post Baccalaureate Achievement Program: Factors Related To Graduate School Enrollment For First Generation, Low-Income And Under-Represented College Students, Kenneth Chatman

Doctoral Dissertations

The Ronald McNair Post Baccalaureate Achievement Program is a federal response to the recent decline in the number of African American doctoral degrees conferred and the general under-representation of minority group members in graduate education. The McNair Program is designed, through enrichment activities, to facilitate doctoral study among first generation, low-income and under-represented students. The University of Tennessee, Knoxville was one of the first 14 programs funded in the United States. Now, sixty-eight McNair Programs are funded by the U.S. Department of Education.

This quantitative case study of 60 participants in the University of Tennessee Ronald McNair Post Baccalaureate ...


Some Aspects Of Affect Measurement On Rorschach's Test And The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire, Greta L. Hunter Aug 1994

Some Aspects Of Affect Measurement On Rorschach's Test And The Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire, Greta L. Hunter

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate some of the ways in which the relationship between two types of measures that assess positive and negative expectations about the world might be improved. The first measure, an index in the Burstein-Loucks comprehensive scoring system (1989) for Rorschach's test, was based on object relations theory. The second measure consisted of two higher-order factors of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (Tellegen, 1982), an empirically-derived instrument. Revision of the Burstein-Loucks index did not further improve the magnitude of the relationship between the two measures, although it may have slightly changed the nature of ...


Sexual Dimorphism In Modern Black And White Cranial Vault Thickness: A Forensic Application For Sexual Discrimination, Butler Fuller Iv Aug 1994

Sexual Dimorphism In Modern Black And White Cranial Vault Thickness: A Forensic Application For Sexual Discrimination, Butler Fuller Iv

Masters Theses

In forensic anthropology, the emphasis in research lies within the continual pursuit of the best methods for human identification through analysis of the skeletal remains available. Most of the methods developed by researchers both past and present have utilized the various skeletal collections curated at museums and universities throughout the country in order to try and deduce patterns and trends visible in the osseus record of human existence. Here, 126 specimens from the University of Tennessee (U.T.) William M. Bass Collection (n=31) and Terry Collections (n=95) are analyzed, to determine the level of sexual dimorphism present in ...


Diet In The Urban Environment: A Trace Element Analysis Of A Nineteenth-Century Cadaver Sample From The Cluskey Building, Medical College Of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, Paul Christopher Dillingham Aug 1994

Diet In The Urban Environment: A Trace Element Analysis Of A Nineteenth-Century Cadaver Sample From The Cluskey Building, Medical College Of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia, Paul Christopher Dillingham

Masters Theses

In 1989 human skeletal remains were excavated from three basement rooms of the Cluskey Building, the main medical building of the Medical College of Georgia from 1835-1912. These remains evidently had been discarded there following dissection. The only way a medical student could learn anatomy was to dissect cadavers; unfortunately, dissection was illegal in Georgia until 1887. Therefore, the cadavers had to be obtained by robbing local cemeteries or obtained by request for cadavers robbed from cemeteries in cities such as Savannah, New York, and Baltimore.

A trace-element analysis was undertaken in an attempt to reconstruct the diet of these ...


The Cervical Spine: Race And Sex Differences, Gwendolyn M. Haugen Aug 1994

The Cervical Spine: Race And Sex Differences, Gwendolyn M. Haugen

Masters Theses

This study examines the possible correlation of cervical vertebrae (C2-C7) gross morphological and metric variation with race and sex. Developmental and normal anatomy of the cervical vertebrae are investigated to pinpoint any functional reason associated with this variability. The 174 individuals comprising the pooled data set consisted of black and white males and females from the William M. Bass Collection and the Terry Anatomical Collection. Five measurements and one spinous process type classification were collected on each cervical vertebra (C2-C7). A series of multivariate and discriminant statistical tests were performed on the measurement data to determine whether significant variation exists ...


Online Law, Carol Tenopir Jul 1994

Online Law, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Mead Corp is selling Mead Data Central, the owner of the full-text legal resource database LEXIS. The major competitor of LEXIS is WESTLAW, which is introducing a voice-activated system using LawTalk and expanding natural language searching.


Public Works Standards & Specifications, Edward C. Archer Jun 1994

Public Works Standards & Specifications, Edward C. Archer

MTAS Publications: Full Publications

The goal and intention of this publication is for cities to have guidelines of some of the standards and specifications on construction projects. Readers should be careful in their adoption and use as these guidelines are not all-inclusive of the standards and specifications which may be necessary in a specific local community situation. It is recommended that all public works projects be developed, designed and constructed under the direction of a registered professional engineer.


The 1994 Mtas Publications Catalog, Municipal Technical Advisory Service Jun 1994

The 1994 Mtas Publications Catalog, Municipal Technical Advisory Service

MTAS Publications: Full Publications

No abstract provided.


Overcoming The Black Box Syndrome, Carol Tenopir Jun 1994

Overcoming The Black Box Syndrome, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Discusses the `black box' approach favored by developers to make online or CD-ROM search software friendlier. The view that good online searching requires an understanding of how the computer processes information; Questions the searcher should ask; Boolean or statistical searching; How does it treat a blank; What does it search by default; How much should end users know.


Hot Topic: 1994-95 State Revenue Estimates, Ken Joines, Jim Leuty May 1994

Hot Topic: 1994-95 State Revenue Estimates, Ken Joines, Jim Leuty

MTAS Publications: Hot Topics

The Tennessee General Assembly adopted the state budget for fiscal year 1995 in late April.


Psychological Adjustment And Family Experiences Of Children In Foster Care Placed With Or Apart From Siblings, Susan M. Flynn May 1994

Psychological Adjustment And Family Experiences Of Children In Foster Care Placed With Or Apart From Siblings, Susan M. Flynn

Doctoral Dissertations

It was hypothesized that foster children placed with a sibling would show better psychological adjustment and more embeddedness in the foster family than those foster children without such contacts. Subjects were 41 foster children between the ages of 6 and 12 years. Cognitive maturity, problem behaviors, psychological maturity, dependency, wariness, curiosity, and attention seeking were aspects of psychological adjustment. These were measured on the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised, Child Behavior Checklist, Tasks of Emotional Development Test, Marble-in-the-Hole Game, and Picture Game. Embeddedness in the foster family was measured with a family sculpting technique. Family Boundary Ambiguity was measured with a ...


Relationship Patterns Among Men And Women From Stepfather Families, Susan Montgomery Brinn May 1994

Relationship Patterns Among Men And Women From Stepfather Families, Susan Montgomery Brinn

Doctoral Dissertations

This research examined differences in relationship patterns between men and women in stepfamilies and men and women in biological families. Previous studies have generally reported more distant relationships with parents for respondents in stepfamilies. Findings on relationships outside the home have been contradictory; some research observed no effect on peer relationships for subjects from stepfamilies, still others reported more difficulty in relationships and greater risk for delinquency among this population. In order to measure relationship differences, three psychometric scales and the social network list were administered to 215 college students (63 stepchildren and 152 biological children). Results indicated that stepsons ...


Unaided Factors Predicting Client-Assessed Hearing Aid Performance, Usage And Satisfaction, Hilary J. Crowley May 1994

Unaided Factors Predicting Client-Assessed Hearing Aid Performance, Usage And Satisfaction, Hilary J. Crowley

Doctoral Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to determine if client-assessed hearing aid performance, usage, and satisfaction ratings could be predicted before hearing aids are purchased. Aided performance was represented by the Profile of Hearing Aid Performance, (PHAP, Cox and Gilmore, 1990), subscales. Based upon data from 46 subjects, multiple regression was applied to 16 unaided variables to determine if they could be used to predict the response variables of performance, usage and satisfaction. The 16 unaided variables included pure tone average, slope of hearing loss, the Speech Perception in Noise (SPIN) test (Kalikow, Stevens & Elliott, 1977), dynamic range, comfortable loudness ...


Dialog And Mead Join The Relevance Ranks, Carol Tenopir, Pam Cahn May 1994

Dialog And Mead Join The Relevance Ranks, Carol Tenopir, Pam Cahn

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

New, non-Boolean, natural language search techniques - Westlaw's WIN, DIALOG's TARGET, and Mead Data Central's FREESTYLE - are based on the assumption that the standard command-driven online systems coupled with Boolean logic searching are not only difficult to learn, but may sometimes miss relevant documents. Although each new product works somewhat differently, all 3 offer an alternative to searching with command interfaces and Boolean/proximity operators. They offer natural language input, with no need for commands or logical operators. This input method is coupled with so-called associative or statistical retrieval techniques that provide relevance ranking of search results. The ...


Standardization Across Databases, Carol Tenopir May 1994

Standardization Across Databases, Carol Tenopir

School of Information Sciences -- Faculty Publications and Other Works

Online data bases provide some facilities for multifile searching, but more standardization among separate data bases is necessary. Options for standardizing fields are discussed, and standardization efforts by Dialog and other data base distributors are reviewed.


Evolutionary Perspectives For The Analysis Of Prehistoric Lithic Artifacts: An Example From The Western Highland Rim Of Tennessee, Andrew P. Bradbury May 1994

Evolutionary Perspectives For The Analysis Of Prehistoric Lithic Artifacts: An Example From The Western Highland Rim Of Tennessee, Andrew P. Bradbury

Masters Theses

The goal of this thesis is to develop an evolutionary framework for the analysis of prehistoric lithic artifacts. The principles of evolutionary theory are presented and then extended to the lithic artifact analysis. Methods are developed based on the theoretical framework. Lithic artifacts recovered from two Terminal Archaic Wells Creek phase sites in Houston County, Tennessee are used as a case study to demonstrate the utility of such an approach. Variability can be demonstrated with respect to morphology, technology, and function of lithic implements. Elements that may represent attributes under selective pressure are examined.

The lithic material recovered from the ...


A Survey Of Interracial Interaction At The University Of Tennessee, Knoxville: An Anthropological Analysis, Lillian Marie Wallace May 1994

A Survey Of Interracial Interaction At The University Of Tennessee, Knoxville: An Anthropological Analysis, Lillian Marie Wallace

Masters Theses

This study was designed to explore the social interaction of Black and White students at the University of Tennessee and how this interaction impacted Black students' college experience. Most of the pedagogical literature offers a psychosocial explanation of Black students' failure to fully integrate on White college campuses. Early educational anthropology literature presents a cultural difference explanation at the micro level. Present educational anthropology literature offers a more complete explanation of variability in minority school performance through a multi-deterministic approach utilizing race, class, and gender. This study moves beyond classroom performance. It attempts to discover inductively how Black and White ...