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Articles 31 - 60 of 7040

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Do Good Time: Shining A Light On Character Strengths And Well-Being In The Prison Population, Iris Cai, Roger Dewitt, Erica Elam, Mary Rogers May 2020

Do Good Time: Shining A Light On Character Strengths And Well-Being In The Prison Population, Iris Cai, Roger Dewitt, Erica Elam, Mary Rogers

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Defined by their last, worst act, prison inmates are an often-forgotten population. Rates of childhood and adult trauma, such as physical and emotional abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are high among incarcerated persons (Wolff & Shi, 2012). Art can be a valuable tool in correctional facilities, benefitting inmates in the following categories: therapeutic, educational, prison quality-of-life management, and community involvement (Johnson, 2008). Through their intensive two-week art-based program, Shining Light (SL) offers a holistic approach to prisoner rehabilitation, reshaping inmates’ perspectives through intentional challenges intended to promote self-discovery, hope, meaning, self-efficacy, relationship skills, and overall enhanced well-being. In an effort ...


Debt Close To Retirement And Its Implications For Retirement Well-Being, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero May 2020

Debt Close To Retirement And Its Implications For Retirement Well-Being, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

We analyze debt and debt management of Americans nearing retirement age, to document that older people have numerous financial obligations that can lead to financial distress. Using data from the 2015 National Financial Capability Study and drawing on an extensive literature review, we show that lack of financial literacy, lack of information, and behavioral biases help explain the prevalence of debt later in life. Our evidence indicates that debt at older ages can negatively influence retirement well-being.


Understanding Debt In The Older Population, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero May 2020

Understanding Debt In The Older Population, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

Poor financial capability can have important consequences for well-being in later life. To explore aspects of financial management related to debt, we have designed and analyzed a new module in the 2018 Health and Retirement Study along with information from the 2018 National Financial Capability Study to evaluate the factors associated with debt and debt management in later life. We show that, even for older Americans, student loans and unpaid medical bills represent a large proportion of their debt, and having children also contributes to their indebtedness. By contrast, the more financially literate have more positive financial perceptions and behaviors ...


From Burnout To Wellness: Using Appreciative Inquiry To Shift Midmichigan Health Towards A Strengths-Based Perspective, Kunal Chohan, Karen Fetzer, Sophia R. Heiser, Seth Norman May 2020

From Burnout To Wellness: Using Appreciative Inquiry To Shift Midmichigan Health Towards A Strengths-Based Perspective, Kunal Chohan, Karen Fetzer, Sophia R. Heiser, Seth Norman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Over half of providers in the healthcare field experience burnout. Burnout syndrome is defined by the prolonged psychological and physiological response to chronic and interpersonal job stressors, and can result in a number of symptoms that negatively affect workplace morale and performance, including physical exhaustion, job dissatisfaction, and feelings of hopelessness. MidMichigan Health (MMH), a division of the University of Michigan Health system that serves nearly 1 million people in Michigan, has created the Provider Wellness and Burnout Council (PWBC) to address issues of burnout within the organization. To build on their initial work, we propose a long-term intervention based ...


From Grief To Growth: Rebuilding A Life Of Flourishing After Suicide Loss, Jodi Wellman, Liza Mcdevitt, Cj Pippen, Victoria Roebuck May 2020

From Grief To Growth: Rebuilding A Life Of Flourishing After Suicide Loss, Jodi Wellman, Liza Mcdevitt, Cj Pippen, Victoria Roebuck

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and second leading cause of death for persons aged 10–34. This population, known as suicide survivors, needs special support as they are often socially isolated and stigmatized, and likely to experience post-traumatic stress symptoms that can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. Survivors of Suicide Loss (SOSL) was founded in 1981 to meet the unique needs of the suicide survivor community, evolving from a single support group into an organization now serving the greater San Diego area. However, the programs of suicide support and prevention that ...


Zooarchaeological Analysis Of The Northeast Plaza At The Smith Creek Mound Site (22wk526), Wilkinson County, Mississippi, Oscar L. Aguila May 2020

Zooarchaeological Analysis Of The Northeast Plaza At The Smith Creek Mound Site (22wk526), Wilkinson County, Mississippi, Oscar L. Aguila

Anthropology Senior Theses

This thesis presents the data and interpretation of a faunal assemblage excavated from a midden in the Northeast Plaza of the Smith Creek site, a Native American mound site in Wilkinson County, Mississippi. Previous analysis of the faunal material from a flank midden on Mound A at the site revealed various taxa present at the site and led to a discussion of whether Smith Creek hosted large-scale feasting or elite provisioning activities. The analysis presented here focuses on comparing the Northeast Plaza and Mound A faunal assemblages in order to gather more information about Smith Creek’s usage of animal ...


The Wife's Protector: A Quantitative Theory Linking Contraceptive Technology With The Decline In Marriage, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Karen A. Kopecky May 2020

The Wife's Protector: A Quantitative Theory Linking Contraceptive Technology With The Decline In Marriage, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Karen A. Kopecky

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The 19th and 20th centuries saw a transformation in contraceptive technologies and their take up. This led to a sexual revolution, which witnessed a rise in premarital sex and out-of-wedlock births, and a decline in marriage. The impact of contraception on married and single life is analyzed here both theoretically and quantitatively. The analysis is conducted using a model where people search for partners. Upon finding one, they can choose between abstinence, a premarital sexual relationship, and marriage. The model is confronted with some stylized facts about premarital sex and marriage over the course of the 20th century. Some economic ...


Mission Meaning: Fostering Employee Well-Being And Engagement At The Travis Manion Foundation, Haley Barrows, Darlene Marshall, Adam Reiber Apr 2020

Mission Meaning: Fostering Employee Well-Being And Engagement At The Travis Manion Foundation, Haley Barrows, Darlene Marshall, Adam Reiber

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

The Travis Manion Foundation is a 501c(3) foundation dedicated to serving military veterans and their families, as well as fostering character in our nation’s youth. Travis Manion Foundation (TMF) promotes positive psychology by asking employees to take various introductory courses and take the VIA Signature Strengths test. While staff take the VIA Signature Strengths test, they do not learn how to apply their signature strengths. As such, we recommend a workshop that uses Character Strengths Interventions with the aim of increasing meaningful experiences at work. By increasing meaning at work, we predict TMF employees will experience more well-being ...


Health Care Cost Drivers And Options For Control, Aaron Glickman, Janet Weiner Apr 2020

Health Care Cost Drivers And Options For Control, Aaron Glickman, Janet Weiner

Issue Briefs

The growth of health care costs remains a serious concern in the United States. Slowing this growth involves understanding what drives health care costs and how to target those drivers effectively. In this brief, we review the relative importance of different health care cost drivers, including insurance benefits design, price inflation, provider incentives, technological growth, and inefficient system performance. We analyze the impact of these factors on the growth of health care spending in the last decade, which has been concentrated in hospitals and felt most acutely in the private market. We find that unit prices and technology remain the ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Urban Eviction Prevention Policies In New York City, Philadelphia, And San Francisco, Natasha Menon Apr 2020

A Comparative Analysis Of Urban Eviction Prevention Policies In New York City, Philadelphia, And San Francisco, Natasha Menon

Honors Theses (PPE)

Eviction crises nation-wide have led to housing instability amongst the impoverished and to increased rates of depression, substance abuse, and unemployment. However, eviction prevention has only recently been prioritized by municipal governments and there is a dearth of research on the subject by social scientists and legal scholars. To understand the approaches of urban cities to the issue of evictions, I have conducted a comparative analysis of the eviction prevention policies of New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. I first researched the prevalence and consequences of evictions in the United States. I then analyzed the specific websites of municipal ...


Exhibiting Mounds In Wilkinson County: Implications For Diverse Community Engagement In Public Archaeology And Museum Education, Erin B. Spicola Apr 2020

Exhibiting Mounds In Wilkinson County: Implications For Diverse Community Engagement In Public Archaeology And Museum Education, Erin B. Spicola

Anthropology Senior Theses

Native American mound sites in the Lower Mississippi Valley can tell us a lot about past peoples but are rapidly disappearing due to land development, looting, and erosion. The communities local to these important archaeological resources are the best equipped to protect them due to their proximity, but many locals are unaware of both their importance to archaeological research and the meaning they hold for Native people. This thesis presents a case study on how to engage with a diverse rural community, some members of which are already invested in archaeology, but most of which have not expressed interest. I ...


Queer Identities And Expression In Romance Languages, Taré Floyd Apr 2020

Queer Identities And Expression In Romance Languages, Taré Floyd

Anthropology Senior Theses

Abstract: This study outlines and illuminates the relationship between sex and gender, as well as reflects upon the linguistic expression of identities on the widening gender spectrum. Using ethnographic methods, including in-person and online interviews, I document the range of pronouns that non-cis people from native Romance Language backgrounds create in order to accommodate their languages and to include their identity through the introduction of new gender-neutral pronouns into contemporary vocabulary. Moreover, I note challenges met by my informants, and others, by being on the frontier of the global and ever-expanding revolution in gender. I also include discussions of language ...


Copan Altar Q: Network Of Narratives Depiction Of Kings, Anastasia Hutnick Apr 2020

Copan Altar Q: Network Of Narratives Depiction Of Kings, Anastasia Hutnick

Anthropology Senior Theses

Located in Honduras, Copan is one of the most studied Maya cities. Copan Altar Q in particular helped Mayanists to understand the lineage of the city's sixteen kings from the lineage's Founder K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo' to Yax Pasaj Chan Yopaat. This thesis project delves into an assortment of the monuments and depictions of the Classic Period - roughly 426 - 822 - kings to pursue the narrative trends and motifs through their reign. Through the website format, this project allows the user to follow the links between monuments, structures, biographies of kings, and glossaries to put these narratives ...


Using Functional Analysis Of A Ceramic Corpus To Investigate Ancient Activity In South Abydos, Mckay Burdette Apr 2020

Using Functional Analysis Of A Ceramic Corpus To Investigate Ancient Activity In South Abydos, Mckay Burdette

Anthropology Senior Theses

Archaeological research on the mortuary monuments of Senwosret III has centered on using architectural cues to determine the king’s final resting place. There has not yet been a study focusing wholly on material culture to discuss the ritual actions taking place around these monuments. Recent excavations at Senwosret III’s tomb complex at South Abydos has uncovered a pottery assemblage that provides an opportunity for functional analyses of the ceramics and allows for elucidation of funerary cult activity associated with the tomb. In this paper, I first provide a typological outline and chronology of this corpus based on morphological ...


Examining The Historical And Present-Age Impact Of Racism In The United States Of America Through The Arts, Aesthetic Education, And Transformative Learning Theory: Empowering Social Work Students To Effectively Discuss Racism And Provide Best Practices With African Americans And Other People Of Color, Dr. Jacque Tara Washington, Lcswr Apr 2020

Examining The Historical And Present-Age Impact Of Racism In The United States Of America Through The Arts, Aesthetic Education, And Transformative Learning Theory: Empowering Social Work Students To Effectively Discuss Racism And Provide Best Practices With African Americans And Other People Of Color, Dr. Jacque Tara Washington, Lcswr

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

The traumatic history of racism spans throughout generations of the African American experience and negatively impacts mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual wellness, as well as healthcare, housing, economic and financial outcomes, and a plethora of daily encounters. It is vital that social workers have clarity regarding the historical and present-age impact of racism on African Americans and other people of Color in order to effectively engage and advocate with these populations as they seek various services. This dissertation offers a 15-week academic course designed for baccalaureate-level social work students through the framework of transformative learning theory and with the integration ...


Rites Of Backpacking: An Ethnographic Study Of Backpacker Culture And Identity In Western Europe, Ashleigh David Apr 2020

Rites Of Backpacking: An Ethnographic Study Of Backpacker Culture And Identity In Western Europe, Ashleigh David

Anthropology Senior Theses

“Abroad changed me” is a popular joke on social media and in banter between friends, but it actually has anthropologic merit. The act of long term travelling, or backpacking, can be understood as a rite of passage, and like other rites it impacts the identity of the traveler. This ethnographic study examines how the backpacker’s identity undergoes change as it passes through the three phases and highlights the crucial role of the liminal period. In this cyclical liminal period, backpackers are repetitively integrated and separated from communities in hostels in Western Europe where they experience communitas and collective effervescence ...


Identifying Better Refugee Policies For An Evolving Crisis, Mark Rook Apr 2020

Identifying Better Refugee Policies For An Evolving Crisis, Mark Rook

Honors Theses (PPE)

This thesis attempts to analyze one of the gravest humanitarian challenges of our time, the refugee crisis, and make it accessible. After beginning with some definitional terms, the paper describes refugee policies in seven countries with distinctly different resources and legacies of hosting refugees to determine the state regulations and programs that those countries have relied upon in the past. The countries involved include the haven countries of Kenya and Uganda, the coastal nation of Italy, the inland European countries of Germany and Hungary, and the North American countries of the USA and Canada. All of these countries are scrutinized ...


Policy Options For Financing Long-Term Care In The U.S., Janet Weiner, Norma B. Coe, Allison K. Hoffman, Rachel M. Werner Apr 2020

Policy Options For Financing Long-Term Care In The U.S., Janet Weiner, Norma B. Coe, Allison K. Hoffman, Rachel M. Werner

Issue Briefs

Unlike many other developed nations, the U.S. has no system that protects its residents against the high costs of long-term care, which many people will need as they age. Medicaid coverage kicks in only after families have exhausted their resources. Until then, families bear the financial and caregiving burden of LTC themselves. In the absence of a national system, several states have considered or passed programs that offer some support for LTC. Many peer nations have more comprehensive systems to spread the risk for LTC costs across their population, through social insurance or other mechanisms. This Issue Brief reviews ...


National Minorities And European Union Accession: A Consideration Of Communist Legacies And Eu Conditionality In Central And Eastern Europe, Esther Moriah Yeung Apr 2020

National Minorities And European Union Accession: A Consideration Of Communist Legacies And Eu Conditionality In Central And Eastern Europe, Esther Moriah Yeung

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe prompted Western Europe to integrate the region with European Union (EU) expansion. The collapse of the Eastern bloc was concerning to the West, which viewed the nationalist tensions in the region as having the potential to trigger destabilization and conflict. This thesis evaluates the treatment of Hungarian national minorities in three states that eventually joined the EU: Slovakia, Romania, and Slovenia. Marxist-Leninist legacies, in combination with democratization and EU membership, determined key differences in state compliance with EU national minority recommendations in the wake of membership. I identify how both communist-era ...


Transcending Turnout: Identity, Campus Experiences, And The Political Behaviors Of Latinx Youth, Isabella Fierro Apr 2020

Transcending Turnout: Identity, Campus Experiences, And The Political Behaviors Of Latinx Youth, Isabella Fierro

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Latinx youth are increasingly the focus of American politics and campaigns. They are a passionate and ever-growing segment of what is predicted to be the largest ethnic group of eligible voters in 2020. However, this population consistently produces low rates of turnout in national elections. This thesis aims to understand how the campus experiences of Latinx undergraduates may influence their political behaviors in light of recent events. Political behaviors are assessed by political views and political participation in both electoral and nonelectoral activities. Using survey data from the Higher Education Research Institute, the study first investigates changes in students' political ...


Yellow Vest Unrest: Situating The Gilets Jaunes Within France’S Political Protest Tradition, Nina K. Selipsky Apr 2020

Yellow Vest Unrest: Situating The Gilets Jaunes Within France’S Political Protest Tradition, Nina K. Selipsky

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Originating in November 2018, the gilets jaunes (or Yellow Vest) movement began as a protest against French President Emmanuel Macron's planned fuel tax. The movement quickly swelled from a primarily rural grievance to a tide of general resentment against Macron’s government and slipping standards of living. Through a combination of theorists’ historical accounts, news articles, and published interviews with gilets jaunes participants, this thesis traces the origins of the gilets jaunes and analyzes how they fit into France’s broader culture of protest. Barricades and street demonstrations are historic aspects of French political life that continue through today ...


A Historical Analysis Of The Democratic Primary Debate Requirements: An Approach For Understanding The Democratic National Committee’S 2020 Rules Change, Joshua E. Charap Apr 2020

A Historical Analysis Of The Democratic Primary Debate Requirements: An Approach For Understanding The Democratic National Committee’S 2020 Rules Change, Joshua E. Charap

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In February 2019, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) created a set of comprehensive rules governing the qualifications for participating in the 2020 primary debates. The rules, the first of their kind, were the result of over a decade of primary debate mishaps and disagreements. Historically, it was not difficult for candidates to qualify for primary debates. There were usually fewer than eight candidates on the stage and the debates did not play a large role in the primary winnowing process. But as the number of candidates rose, and in light of the Republican’s experience in 2016, the Democrats moved ...


Unintended Consequences: Effects Of Foreign Direct Investment In Resource Extraction On Ethnic Conflict, Daniel S. Matthews Apr 2020

Unintended Consequences: Effects Of Foreign Direct Investment In Resource Extraction On Ethnic Conflict, Daniel S. Matthews

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past 70 years civil wars have become the most common form of war. Much time and thought has been devoted to understand why subnational groups fight. Additionally, scholars have long analyzed the so-called “resource curse”, whereby states with high levels of natural resources may tend to experience violence. As levels of globalized economic markets have proliferated in this time too, it is important to understand the relationship between foreign investment and war. Little research has been done on the interaction between resource extraction, foreign investment, and subnational conflict, especially using social identity formation as an analytical tool. This ...


Diverging Neighbors In The Near Abroad: The Sources Of Conflicting Relations With Russia In Armenia And Georgia, Jake H. Fallek Apr 2020

Diverging Neighbors In The Near Abroad: The Sources Of Conflicting Relations With Russia In Armenia And Georgia, Jake H. Fallek

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

When Armenia and Georgia exited the Soviet Union in 1991, massive popular majorities in both countries voted for independence in nationwide referenda. Over thirty-years later, Armenia and Georgia have chartered two radically distinctive pathways for their states within the near abroad. Tbilisi has become a reliable opponent of Russia within the post-Soviet space as it pursues integration into NATO and the European Union. Yerevan, by contrast, is closely associated with Russia, and has joined the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union. This thesis employs a comparative framework to evaluate the sources behind this divergence. The research identifies three determining variables behind this ...


How The Coronavirus Could Permanently Cut Near-Retirees’ Social Security Benefits, Andrew G. Biggs Apr 2020

How The Coronavirus Could Permanently Cut Near-Retirees’ Social Security Benefits, Andrew G. Biggs

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

As a group, retirees are more financially insulated from the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic than are most other demographic groups in the United States. Yet due to how the Social Security benefit formula interacts with the sharp economic downturn due to the Coronavirus, some groups of near-retirees are likely to suffer substantial permanent reductions to their Social Security retirement benefits. Assuming a 15 percent decline in the Social Security Administration's measure of economywide average wages in 2020, a middle-income worker born in 1960 could have his annual Social Security benefits in retirement reduced by around 13 percent ...


In The Path Of The Flood: Exploring Carbon-Intensive Employment And Coastal Geography As Motivators Of U.S. Climate Change Denial, Mark E. Steiner Apr 2020

In The Path Of The Flood: Exploring Carbon-Intensive Employment And Coastal Geography As Motivators Of U.S. Climate Change Denial, Mark E. Steiner

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis uses multivariate regressions of the ANES 2016 Dataset to test whether working in a carbon-intensive industry affects belief in climate change. It also uses the same dataset to test whether living in an area that would see increased flooding and displacement under a climate change scenario can affect the same attitudes. Additionally, it presents crosstabulations of climate skeptics and non-skeptics by party preference, education, and turnout habits. I find that working in a carbon-intensive industry does not reduce a respondent’s likelihood to report belief in climate science. Similarly, living in a coastal area that is likely to ...


Toward A Cultural Framework Of Internet Governance: Russia’S Great Power Identity And The Quest For A Multipolar Digital Order, Stanislav Budnitsky Apr 2020

Toward A Cultural Framework Of Internet Governance: Russia’S Great Power Identity And The Quest For A Multipolar Digital Order, Stanislav Budnitsky

CARGC Papers

CARGC Paper 13, “Toward a Cultural Framework of Internet Governance: Russia’s Great Power Identity and the Quest for a Multipolar Digital Order,” by CARGC Postdoctoral Fellow Stanislav Budnitsky was initially delivered as a CARGC Colloquium in 2018. As part of Budnitsky’s larger research project on the relationship between nationalism and global internet governance, CARGC Paper 13 considers the cultural logics underlying Russia’s global internet governance agenda. It argues that to understand Russia’s digital vision in the early twenty-first century and, by extension, the dynamics of global internet politics writ large, scholars must incorporate Russia’s historic ...


Financial Education Affects Financial Knowledge And Downstream Behaviors, Tim Kaiser, Annamaria Lusardi, Lukas Menkhoff, Carly Urban Apr 2020

Financial Education Affects Financial Knowledge And Downstream Behaviors, Tim Kaiser, Annamaria Lusardi, Lukas Menkhoff, Carly Urban

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

We study the rapidly growing literature on the causal effects of financial education programs in a meta-analysis of 76 randomized experiments with a total sample size of over 160,000 individuals. The evidence shows that financial education programs have, on average, positive causal treatment effects on financial knowledge and downstream financial behaviors. Treatment effects are economically meaningful in size, similar to those realized by educational interventions in other domains and are at least three times as large as the average effect documented in earlier work. These results are robust to the method used, restricting the sample to papers published in ...


Exploring Familiar Landscapes: The Importance Of The Local In Lower Mississippi Valley Community-Based Archaeology, Arielle M. Pierson Apr 2020

Exploring Familiar Landscapes: The Importance Of The Local In Lower Mississippi Valley Community-Based Archaeology, Arielle M. Pierson

Anthropology Senior Theses

This thesis explores the community-based projects that the Smith Creek Archaeological Project has implemented in Wilkinson County, Mississippi, as well and its goals for future community-oriented work by expanding on current methodology and archaeological theory. I deal mainly with the problems of identifying and inspiring local stakeholders to be future stewards of sites in a region marred by the violence of the colonial encounter, which left few local descendant populations. I argue that combining certain aspects of archaeological theory with community archaeology methodology can create an engaged community of stakeholders that are connected to the past through a shared, familar ...


Zooming Past Motor-Voter: An Analysis Of How Automatic Voter Registration Policies Impact Voter Turnout In The United States, Ketaki Gujar Apr 2020

Zooming Past Motor-Voter: An Analysis Of How Automatic Voter Registration Policies Impact Voter Turnout In The United States, Ketaki Gujar

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the 1990s, the National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) mandated that motor vehicle agencies process voter registration applications in a policy known as motor-voter. From motor- voter emerged automatic voter registration, or AVR, wherein eligible voters are registered to vote automatically from a transaction with certain state-designated agencies. In 2016, Oregon became the first state to implement an automatic voter registration policy, though a number of states have since followed. In this paper, I analyze the impact of AVR on rates of voter turnout and rates of voter registration, making this paper among the first to identify the effect of ...