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Articles 1 - 30 of 6986

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Imf And European Institutions During The Sovereign Debt Crisis, Ziyu Yan May 2020

Imf And European Institutions During The Sovereign Debt Crisis, Ziyu Yan

Joseph Wharton Scholars

While the European Sovereign Debt crisis presented unprecedented challenges to the European institutions in addressing the vulnerabilities of its financial sector, it gave rise to the effective cooperation between the European Commissions, the European Central Bank (ECB), and the International Monetary Fund (IMF), collectively known as the Troika. This paper reviews the interactions between the IMF and the euro area official lenders in three programme countries: Greece, Portugal, and Ireland. A close examination of the lending terms changes revealed an evolving understanding of the crisis by the European institutions. This paper analyzes the impact that the IMF had on the ...


Cultivating Connections At Philabundance, Wesley Adams, Cindy Chou, Sarah Francois-Poncet May 2020

Cultivating Connections At Philabundance, Wesley Adams, Cindy Chou, Sarah Francois-Poncet

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Philabundance is a Philadelphia-based food bank, serving the food insecure in nine counties in Pennsylvania and Southern New Jersey. Owing to its ambitious goal of not just relieving hunger, but ending it, a dispersed and diverse team working out of multiple sites and leadership turnover, issues with silos, morale and productivity have developed over recent years. Based on a situational analysis and a review of potentially applicable positive psychology research, Team Black believes that the organization could benefit from the positive psychology theories and research relating to (1) positive emotions and positivity resonance, (2) character strengths, and (3) meaning and ...


Lessons To Be Learned: The Abuse Of Eminent Domain Power For Economic Development In Comparative Perspective, Xinxou Zhou May 2020

Lessons To Be Learned: The Abuse Of Eminent Domain Power For Economic Development In Comparative Perspective, Xinxou Zhou

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


The History And Reality Of The Market Failures Approach To Business Ethics, Kara Zhang May 2020

The History And Reality Of The Market Failures Approach To Business Ethics, Kara Zhang

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


San Antonio Independent School District V. Rodriguez: Equal Protection Doctrinal Evolution And Implications On School Segregation Today, Anthony Chen May 2020

San Antonio Independent School District V. Rodriguez: Equal Protection Doctrinal Evolution And Implications On School Segregation Today, Anthony Chen

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


An Ethical Equation Of Corporate And Environmental Personhood: The Salmon River Commands Rights, Katherine Poole May 2020

An Ethical Equation Of Corporate And Environmental Personhood: The Salmon River Commands Rights, Katherine Poole

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


A Flawed Case For Inequity Aversion: Revisiting The Criticisms Of Binmore And Shaked (2010), Ammar Plumber May 2020

A Flawed Case For Inequity Aversion: Revisiting The Criticisms Of Binmore And Shaked (2010), Ammar Plumber

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


A Letter From The Editor, Jenna Liu May 2020

A Letter From The Editor, Jenna Liu

SPICE: Student Perspectives on Institutions, Choices and Ethics

No abstract provided.


Therapeutic Horticulture As A Healing Tool For Veterans, Cherie Eichholz May 2020

Therapeutic Horticulture As A Healing Tool For Veterans, Cherie Eichholz

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) faces a plethora of challenges as it daily encounters and treats veterans. With a great prevalence of co-occurring diagnoses, veterans’ needs today are significant and arguably more complex than ever before (Clark, Bair, Buckenmaier, Gironda & Walker, 2007; Phillips et al., 2016). The following two papers seek to build a justification for reconsidering how post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is treated given the illness’ prevalence and the efficacy of current treatments. The first paper reviews the literature and includes: a chronology of the PTSD diagnosis; an examination of current treatments offered by the VA and consideration of their ...


Changes In Early Labor Market Outcomes Among Young College Graduates In South Korea, Jaesung Choi, Hannah Bae May 2020

Changes In Early Labor Market Outcomes Among Young College Graduates In South Korea, Jaesung Choi, Hannah Bae

Korean Millennials Working Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Resilience, Engagement, And Connection: Positive Psychology Tools For Hot Bread Kitchen, Keith Coleman, Masa Gong, Tessa Van Der Willigen May 2020

Resilience, Engagement, And Connection: Positive Psychology Tools For Hot Bread Kitchen, Keith Coleman, Masa Gong, Tessa Van Der Willigen

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Hot Bread Kitchen (HBK), a not-for-profit in Brooklyn, New York City, provides culinary training to women living below the poverty line as a pathway to jobs in the food services industry. HBK provides wraparound support services, ranging from help with childcare and English language skills through to training in professional readiness skills. HBK’s members are carefully screened, yet some still struggle with the stressful, fast-paced, and multicultural kitchen environment. Based on a review of the literature, we propose a positive psychology plan to strengthen individual and team thriving in the kitchen by developing resilience, engagement, and social connection, using ...


Developing Civility And Connection In Midland, Michigan, Robin Litster Johnson, Elizabeth Fay Corcoran, Felix Yerace, Caitlin Satterfield, Hillary Chan May 2020

Developing Civility And Connection In Midland, Michigan, Robin Litster Johnson, Elizabeth Fay Corcoran, Felix Yerace, Caitlin Satterfield, Hillary Chan

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Growing loneliness and incivility are on the rise across America. In Midland, Michigan, civic leaders desire to further infuse positive psychology into their community by enhancing positive citizenship through civil discourse and connection. They have identified this need after instances in their community where citizens have engaged in discourteous and unproductive speech. Informed by current psychological research, our team proposes improving civil discourse and increasing positive connections in Midland through holding community discussions using a Communication and Connections Discussion Guide. Community leaders will be trained as facilitators to lead discussions using the Discussion Guide with various groups of any type ...


Fostering Hope And Enhancing Resilience Through Character Strengths Interventions, Michelle Florin, Lauren Schrimmer, Shondrea Mccargo, Travis Bohn, Celeste Caton May 2020

Fostering Hope And Enhancing Resilience Through Character Strengths Interventions, Michelle Florin, Lauren Schrimmer, Shondrea Mccargo, Travis Bohn, Celeste Caton

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

This paper provides a review of the theory and application for how to integrate positive psychology, specifically VIA character strength interventions, into the programming at The Food Project (TFP). TFP is an impactful community based non-profit organization in Southwest Baltimore that provides cooking, farming, and restaurant skills, job opportunities, sustainable food sources, and mentorship to the underserved youth in the area. All programs are facilitated at TFP’s community center. TFP is looking for ways to continue to build hope and resilience among its youth participants. Upon reviewing the positive psychology literature, we determined five specific evidence-based interventions that integrate ...


Do Good Time: Shining A Light On Character Strengths And Well-Being In The Prison Population, Iris Cai, Roger Dewitt, Erica Elam, Mary Rogers May 2020

Do Good Time: Shining A Light On Character Strengths And Well-Being In The Prison Population, Iris Cai, Roger Dewitt, Erica Elam, Mary Rogers

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Defined by their last, worst act, prison inmates are an often-forgotten population. Rates of childhood and adult trauma, such as physical and emotional abuse and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are high among incarcerated persons (Wolff & Shi, 2012). Art can be a valuable tool in correctional facilities, benefitting inmates in the following categories: therapeutic, educational, prison quality-of-life management, and community involvement (Johnson, 2008). Through their intensive two-week art-based program, Shining Light (SL) offers a holistic approach to prisoner rehabilitation, reshaping inmates’ perspectives through intentional challenges intended to promote self-discovery, hope, meaning, self-efficacy, relationship skills, and overall enhanced well-being. In an effort ...


Debt Close To Retirement And Its Implications For Retirement Well-Being, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero May 2020

Debt Close To Retirement And Its Implications For Retirement Well-Being, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

We analyze debt and debt management of Americans nearing retirement age, to document that older people have numerous financial obligations that can lead to financial distress. Using data from the 2015 National Financial Capability Study and drawing on an extensive literature review, we show that lack of financial literacy, lack of information, and behavioral biases help explain the prevalence of debt later in life. Our evidence indicates that debt at older ages can negatively influence retirement well-being.


Understanding Debt In The Older Population, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero May 2020

Understanding Debt In The Older Population, Annamaria Lusardi, Olivia S. Mitchell, Noemi Oggero

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

Poor financial capability can have important consequences for well-being in later life. To explore aspects of financial management related to debt, we have designed and analyzed a new module in the 2018 Health and Retirement Study along with information from the 2018 National Financial Capability Study to evaluate the factors associated with debt and debt management in later life. We show that, even for older Americans, student loans and unpaid medical bills represent a large proportion of their debt, and having children also contributes to their indebtedness. By contrast, the more financially literate have more positive financial perceptions and behaviors ...


The Wife's Protector: A Quantitative Theory Linking Contraceptive Technology With The Decline In Marriage, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Karen A. Kopecky May 2020

The Wife's Protector: A Quantitative Theory Linking Contraceptive Technology With The Decline In Marriage, Jeremy Greenwood, Nezih Guner, Karen A. Kopecky

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The 19th and 20th centuries saw a transformation in contraceptive technologies and their take up. This led to a sexual revolution, which witnessed a rise in premarital sex and out-of-wedlock births, and a decline in marriage. The impact of contraception on married and single life is analyzed here both theoretically and quantitatively. The analysis is conducted using a model where people search for partners. Upon finding one, they can choose between abstinence, a premarital sexual relationship, and marriage. The model is confronted with some stylized facts about premarital sex and marriage over the course of the 20th century. Some economic ...


From Burnout To Wellness: Using Appreciative Inquiry To Shift Midmichigan Health Towards A Strengths-Based Perspective, Kunal Chohan, Karen Fetzer, Sophia R. Heiser, Seth Norman May 2020

From Burnout To Wellness: Using Appreciative Inquiry To Shift Midmichigan Health Towards A Strengths-Based Perspective, Kunal Chohan, Karen Fetzer, Sophia R. Heiser, Seth Norman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Over half of providers in the healthcare field experience burnout. Burnout syndrome is defined by the prolonged psychological and physiological response to chronic and interpersonal job stressors, and can result in a number of symptoms that negatively affect workplace morale and performance, including physical exhaustion, job dissatisfaction, and feelings of hopelessness. MidMichigan Health (MMH), a division of the University of Michigan Health system that serves nearly 1 million people in Michigan, has created the Provider Wellness and Burnout Council (PWBC) to address issues of burnout within the organization. To build on their initial work, we propose a long-term intervention based ...


From Grief To Growth: Rebuilding A Life Of Flourishing After Suicide Loss, Jodi Wellman, Liza Mcdevitt, Cj Pippen, Victoria Roebuck May 2020

From Grief To Growth: Rebuilding A Life Of Flourishing After Suicide Loss, Jodi Wellman, Liza Mcdevitt, Cj Pippen, Victoria Roebuck

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Suicide is the 10th leading cause of death in the United States and second leading cause of death for persons aged 10–34. This population, known as suicide survivors, needs special support as they are often socially isolated and stigmatized, and likely to experience post-traumatic stress symptoms that can lead to post-traumatic stress disorder, or PTSD. Survivors of Suicide Loss (SOSL) was founded in 1981 to meet the unique needs of the suicide survivor community, evolving from a single support group into an organization now serving the greater San Diego area. However, the programs of suicide support and prevention that ...


Mission Meaning: Fostering Employee Well-Being And Engagement At The Travis Manion Foundation, Haley Barrows, Darlene Marshall, Adam Reiber Apr 2020

Mission Meaning: Fostering Employee Well-Being And Engagement At The Travis Manion Foundation, Haley Barrows, Darlene Marshall, Adam Reiber

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

The Travis Manion Foundation is a 501c(3) foundation dedicated to serving military veterans and their families, as well as fostering character in our nation’s youth. Travis Manion Foundation (TMF) promotes positive psychology by asking employees to take various introductory courses and take the VIA Signature Strengths test. While staff take the VIA Signature Strengths test, they do not learn how to apply their signature strengths. As such, we recommend a workshop that uses Character Strengths Interventions with the aim of increasing meaningful experiences at work. By increasing meaning at work, we predict TMF employees will experience more well-being ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Urban Eviction Prevention Policies In New York City, Philadelphia, And San Francisco, Natasha Menon Apr 2020

A Comparative Analysis Of Urban Eviction Prevention Policies In New York City, Philadelphia, And San Francisco, Natasha Menon

Honors Theses (PPE)

Eviction crises nation-wide have led to housing instability amongst the impoverished and to increased rates of depression, substance abuse, and unemployment. However, eviction prevention has only recently been prioritized by municipal governments and there is a dearth of research on the subject by social scientists and legal scholars. To understand the approaches of urban cities to the issue of evictions, I have conducted a comparative analysis of the eviction prevention policies of New York City, Philadelphia, and San Francisco. I first researched the prevalence and consequences of evictions in the United States. I then analyzed the specific websites of municipal ...


Examining The Historical And Present-Age Impact Of Racism In The United States Of America Through The Arts, Aesthetic Education, And Transformative Learning Theory: Empowering Social Work Students To Effectively Discuss Racism And Provide Best Practices With African Americans And Other People Of Color, Dr. Jacque Tara Washington, Lcswr Apr 2020

Examining The Historical And Present-Age Impact Of Racism In The United States Of America Through The Arts, Aesthetic Education, And Transformative Learning Theory: Empowering Social Work Students To Effectively Discuss Racism And Provide Best Practices With African Americans And Other People Of Color, Dr. Jacque Tara Washington, Lcswr

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

The traumatic history of racism spans throughout generations of the African American experience and negatively impacts mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual wellness, as well as healthcare, housing, economic and financial outcomes, and a plethora of daily encounters. It is vital that social workers have clarity regarding the historical and present-age impact of racism on African Americans and other people of Color in order to effectively engage and advocate with these populations as they seek various services. This dissertation offers a 15-week academic course designed for baccalaureate-level social work students through the framework of transformative learning theory and with the integration ...


Identifying Better Refugee Policies For An Evolving Crisis, Mark Rook Apr 2020

Identifying Better Refugee Policies For An Evolving Crisis, Mark Rook

Honors Theses (PPE)

This thesis attempts to analyze one of the gravest humanitarian challenges of our time, the refugee crisis, and make it accessible. After beginning with some definitional terms, the paper describes refugee policies in seven countries with distinctly different resources and legacies of hosting refugees to determine the state regulations and programs that those countries have relied upon in the past. The countries involved include the haven countries of Kenya and Uganda, the coastal nation of Italy, the inland European countries of Germany and Hungary, and the North American countries of the USA and Canada. All of these countries are scrutinized ...


How The Coronavirus Could Permanently Cut Near-Retirees’ Social Security Benefits, Andrew G. Biggs Apr 2020

How The Coronavirus Could Permanently Cut Near-Retirees’ Social Security Benefits, Andrew G. Biggs

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

As a group, retirees are more financially insulated from the economic effects of the COVID-19 pandemic than are most other demographic groups in the United States. Yet due to how the Social Security benefit formula interacts with the sharp economic downturn due to the Coronavirus, some groups of near-retirees are likely to suffer substantial permanent reductions to their Social Security retirement benefits. Assuming a 15 percent decline in the Social Security Administration's measure of economywide average wages in 2020, a middle-income worker born in 1960 could have his annual Social Security benefits in retirement reduced by around 13 percent ...


Toward A Cultural Framework Of Internet Governance: Russia’S Great Power Identity And The Quest For A Multipolar Digital Order, Stanislav Budnitsky Apr 2020

Toward A Cultural Framework Of Internet Governance: Russia’S Great Power Identity And The Quest For A Multipolar Digital Order, Stanislav Budnitsky

CARGC Papers

CARGC Paper 13, “Toward a Cultural Framework of Internet Governance: Russia’s Great Power Identity and the Quest for a Multipolar Digital Order,” by CARGC Postdoctoral Fellow Stanislav Budnitsky was initially delivered as a CARGC Colloquium in 2018. As part of Budnitsky’s larger research project on the relationship between nationalism and global internet governance, CARGC Paper 13 considers the cultural logics underlying Russia’s global internet governance agenda. It argues that to understand Russia’s digital vision in the early twenty-first century and, by extension, the dynamics of global internet politics writ large, scholars must incorporate Russia’s historic ...


Financial Education Affects Financial Knowledge And Downstream Behaviors, Tim Kaiser, Annamaria Lusardi, Lukas Menkhoff, Carly Urban Apr 2020

Financial Education Affects Financial Knowledge And Downstream Behaviors, Tim Kaiser, Annamaria Lusardi, Lukas Menkhoff, Carly Urban

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

We study the rapidly growing literature on the causal effects of financial education programs in a meta-analysis of 76 randomized experiments with a total sample size of over 160,000 individuals. The evidence shows that financial education programs have, on average, positive causal treatment effects on financial knowledge and downstream financial behaviors. Treatment effects are economically meaningful in size, similar to those realized by educational interventions in other domains and are at least three times as large as the average effect documented in earlier work. These results are robust to the method used, restricting the sample to papers published in ...


Know Your Epidemic, Know Your Response: Covid-19 In The United States, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Iliana V. Kohler, Daniel Bennett, Wändi Bruine De Bruin, Jill Darling, Arie Kapteyn, Jürgen Maurer, Hans-Peter Kohler Mar 2020

Know Your Epidemic, Know Your Response: Covid-19 In The United States, Alberto Ciancio, Fabrice Kämpfen, Iliana V. Kohler, Daniel Bennett, Wändi Bruine De Bruin, Jill Darling, Arie Kapteyn, Jürgen Maurer, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We document that during the week of March 10-16, the Covid-19 pandemic fundamentally affected the perceptions of U.S. residents about the health risks and socioeconomic consequences entailed by the pandemic. During this week, it seems, "everything changed." Not only did the pandemic progress rapidly across the United States, but U.S. residents started to realize that the threat was real: increasing Covid-19 caseloads heightened perceptions of infection risks and excess mortality risks, concerns about the economic implications increased substantially, and behavioral responses became widespread as the pandemic expanded rapidly in the U.S. In early to mid-March 2020, average ...


The Labor Force Trajectories Of Immigrant Women: Intersecting Personal Characteristics And Migration Dynamics, Sandra Florian, Chenoa Flippen, Emilio A. Parrado Mar 2020

The Labor Force Trajectories Of Immigrant Women: Intersecting Personal Characteristics And Migration Dynamics, Sandra Florian, Chenoa Flippen, Emilio A. Parrado

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

While research on immigrant women’s labor market incorporation has increased in recent years, systematic comparisons of employment trajectories by national origin and over time remain rare, and the literature remains dominated by the male experience. Especially lacking are studies that take both individual factors and larger migration dynamics into account, limiting our understanding of women’s contributions to the economic well-being of immigrant families, and of the process of incorporation more broadly. Using U.S. Census and ACS data from 1990 to 2016, we construct synthetic cohorts by national origin, period, and age at arrival to track their labor ...


Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas Mckeon Mar 2020

Evaluating W.A.S.H. (Water, Sanitation And Hygiene) Interventions In Rural Schools Of West Bengal, India, Akudo Ejelonu, Huiran Feng, Thomas Mckeon

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Poor sanitation exacerbates adverse health outcomes such as infectious disease, diarrhea and childhood stunting. People of India suffer from disproportionately high rates of poor sanitation. Diarrheal diseases are preventable and better sanitation can reduce disease transmission through improved access to latrines, hygiene education and clean water. A significant concentration of behaviors related to poor sanitation occurring in India requires sustainability and an assessment of programs working towards improving water access, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). We assessed the health and environmental impact of Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) such as Sarboday Sangha and Water for People which implemented WASH projects in about 141 ...


Future Leader In Sustainable Enterprise — Prescilla Awino, Akudo Ejelonu Mar 2020

Future Leader In Sustainable Enterprise — Prescilla Awino, Akudo Ejelonu

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Prescilla is a trainer and a mentor of teenagers and young adolescent women. She successfully managed the Girls Leadership and Advocacy Series (GALS Kenya), a Program of Women Campaign International (WCI). WCI is a Philadelphia based non-profit organization that empowers women globally to actively participate in civil society, political leadership, economic development and peace building.