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Articles 1 - 30 of 7692

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

How Major Risk Factors Influence Mortality Trends In The National Health Interview Survey, Samuel Preston, Yana Vierboom Jun 2022

How Major Risk Factors Influence Mortality Trends In The National Health Interview Survey, Samuel Preston, Yana Vierboom

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This paper estimates the contribution of changes in major risk factors to mortality trends in the United States during the period 1997-2015. The risk factors investigated include cigarette smoking, obesity, alcohol consumption, educational attainment, health insurance coverage, and mental distress. It uses National Health Interview Surveys followed into death records to investigate the relationship between mortality and risk factors and to identify changes in the prevalence of the risk factors over the period of observation. All models control for age, sex, and race/ethnicity. It concludes that increases in educational attainment and reductions in smoking prevalence are the most important ...


Change In Subjective Well-Being, Affluence And Trust In State Governments In India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi Imai, Raghav Gaiha Jun 2022

Change In Subjective Well-Being, Affluence And Trust In State Governments In India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi Imai, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The present study explores the relationship between trust in state governments and changes in subjective well-being in India, drawing upon the nationally-representative India Human Development Survey (IHDS) panel data for 2005 and 2012. Our econometric results confirm that people’s trust in state governments is positively associated with changes in their subjective well-being in economic aspects. To take into account the endogeneity of people’s trust in the state government, we have used the 2SLS model where the trust is instrumented by (i) whether the winning legislators belonged to the ruling party, and (ii) whether the margin of victory over ...


Differentiated Egalitarianism: The Impact Of Paid Family Leave Policy On Women's And Men's Paid And Unpaid Work, Pilar Gonalons-Pons May 2022

Differentiated Egalitarianism: The Impact Of Paid Family Leave Policy On Women's And Men's Paid And Unpaid Work, Pilar Gonalons-Pons

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The birth of a new child continues to exacerbate gender specialization among different-sex couples. This study considers the potential of paid leave policies to intervene in this key life-course juncture and promote greater gender equality in paid and unpaid work. While previous research has examined the impact of paid leave policies on paid or unpaid work among mothers or fathers separately, this study provides an integrated framework and examines comprehensively how these benefits shape both mothers and fathers and both paid and unpaid work outcomes. I use data from the Current Population Survey 1990–2020 and the American Time Use ...


Does Schooling Improve Cognitive Abilities At Older Ages: Causal Evidence From Nonparametric Bounds, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Hans-Peter Kohler May 2022

Does Schooling Improve Cognitive Abilities At Older Ages: Causal Evidence From Nonparametric Bounds, Vikesh Amin, Jere R. Behrman, Jason M. Fletcher, Carlos A. Flores, Alfonso Flores-Lagunes, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

We revisit the much-investigated relationship between schooling and health, focusing on cognitive abilities at older ages using the Harmonized Cognition Assessment Protocol in the Health & Retirement Study. To address endogeneity concerns, we employ a nonparametric partial identification approach that provides bounds on the population average treatment effect using a monotone instrumental variable together with relatively weak monotonicity assumptions on treatment selection and response. The bounds indicate potentially large effects of increasing schooling from primary to secondary but are also consistent with small and null effects. We find evidence for a causal effect of increasing schooling from secondary to tertiary on ...


The Relationship Of Adult Attachment To The Willingness Of Soldiers To Seek Help For Behavioral Health Concerns, Richard A. Barton May 2022

The Relationship Of Adult Attachment To The Willingness Of Soldiers To Seek Help For Behavioral Health Concerns, Richard A. Barton

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Statement of Problem: This study sought to determine the influence of attachment styles and stigma on the willingness of soldiers to seek help for mental health concerns and the degree to which stigma mediates the relationship between attachment style and help-seeking. Methods: This study utilized data gathered from an anonymous survey of U.S. Army soldiers (N=538) used in a mixed-methods Epidemiological Consultation (EPICON). Participants responded to validated items measuring depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress, and alcohol use. Measures also included stigma, attachment types, and help-seeking. Analysis assessed the mediating effect of stigma on the willingness of insecure attachment styles ...


Apoyar El Baile Multicultural (Supporting The Multicultural Dance): A Qualitative Study Of Social Workers Treating Latina Adolescents With Suicidal Ideation And Behaviors, Samantha G. Schindelheim May 2022

Apoyar El Baile Multicultural (Supporting The Multicultural Dance): A Qualitative Study Of Social Workers Treating Latina Adolescents With Suicidal Ideation And Behaviors, Samantha G. Schindelheim

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Objective: This qualitative study explores the experiences of social workers who work with Latina adolescents with suicidal behaviors. Specifically, this work explores social workers’ knowledge and utilization of sociocultural risk and protective factors (e.g., level of acculturation) when engaging Latina adolescents in suicide risk assessments and safety planning. “Latinx/Latine” will be used throughout the dissertation to reference the entire Latinx/Latine community as well as for gender non-conforming adolescents, and where gender is not relevant, unknown, or nonspecific, whereas “Latina” will designate Latina cisgender females. Research over the past two decades has shown that Latina female adolescents have ...


Lessons Learned: A Qualitative Study Of School Social Workers’ Experiences Providing Crisis Response And Recovery After Targeted Gun Violence, Kerry L. Doyle May 2022

Lessons Learned: A Qualitative Study Of School Social Workers’ Experiences Providing Crisis Response And Recovery After Targeted Gun Violence, Kerry L. Doyle

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Objective: Targeted gun violence in schools, once uncommon tragedies, are now regular occurrences in the United States. Since 2018, there have been 533 incidents of gun violence in schools that resulted in death or injuries (Everytown for Gun Safety, 2022). Crisis response and recovery for these school communities are lengthy. Community crisis response teams often assist school districts in the immediate response; however, responsibility for immediate and ongoing interventions often falls onto the school-based mental health professionals, particularly social workers. Minimal empirical data is available regarding the experiences of “emotional first responders,” and no studies address school social workers specifically ...


Undoing Aloneness In The Covid-19 Pandemic: How Aedp Clinicians Have Experienced The Shift To Telehealth And The Impact On The Therapeutic Relationship, Karen Tantillo, K.Tantillolcsw@Gmail.Com May 2022

Undoing Aloneness In The Covid-19 Pandemic: How Aedp Clinicians Have Experienced The Shift To Telehealth And The Impact On The Therapeutic Relationship, Karen Tantillo, K.Tantillolcsw@Gmail.Com

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

COVID-19 has not only killed and infected millions of people worldwide but has also resulted in unprecedented psychosocial stressors that continue to have profound mental health consequences for many people, exacerbating pre-existing psychological suffering and contributing to the onset of new stress related conditions. It has also resulted in a major revolution in the delivery of mental health treatment abruptly shifting psychotherapeutic practice to online technology. Psychotherapists need to be prepared for how their clinical work may change.

This qualitative research study has been phenomenological in nature, attempting to capture and contribute to the literature on the lived experience of ...


Disrupting Disconnections: A Case Study Of One First-Gen Student’S Quest To Belong, Ays Necioglu May 2022

Disrupting Disconnections: A Case Study Of One First-Gen Student’S Quest To Belong, Ays Necioglu

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Increasing consensus about the value of a college degree in providing socioeconomic mobility and better health outcomes for communities experiencing poverty has contributed to rising college matriculation rates for first-gen students. One in three students in college are first-gen, yet college completion rates for first-gen students are significantly lower than the national average in the United States (10% versus 60%) (Forrest Cataldi et al., 2018). While there are various factors that contribute to the disparity in graduation outcomes, this dissertation focuses on the role a sense of belonging plays. Research on a sense of belonging has shown that higher rates ...


Development Of The Go Girls- E-Huddle Practice Manual - A Culturally Competent Online Group Intervention For Enhancing Resilience And Self Esteem Of Adolescent Girls Raised In South Asian Families, Aparna S. Balasundaram May 2022

Development Of The Go Girls- E-Huddle Practice Manual - A Culturally Competent Online Group Intervention For Enhancing Resilience And Self Esteem Of Adolescent Girls Raised In South Asian Families, Aparna S. Balasundaram

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

The South Asian patriarchal and socio-cultural environment adolescent girls are raised in may disempower them, creating a perception of them being social and economic burdens (Theerthaana & Manzoor, 2018). South Asian American youth born of immigrant parents also face this gendered double standard and patriarchal attitude (Ragavan et al., 2018). Prevention and promotive-based programs for adolescents is a protective factor, as it supports and builds resilience, self-esteem and acts as a buffer against the potential occurrence of a mental illness (Martyn-Nemeth et al., 2009; WHO, 2020). The adolescence period provides a significant and dynamic developmental opportunity (Morton & Montgomery, 2013; Steinberg, 2014) to positively influence and foster strengths, skills, and attitudes. Despite South Asia having the largest population of adolescent girls worldwide (UNICEF, 2011), there is a paucity of such initiatives. This dissertation aimed to fill this gap. The development of the Go Girls- e-Huddle practice manual is presented as a culturally competent online group intervention for enhancing the resilience and ...


Marriage Change And Fertility Decline In Sub-Saharan Africa, 1991-2019, Monica J. Grant, Hans-Peter Kohler May 2022

Marriage Change And Fertility Decline In Sub-Saharan Africa, 1991-2019, Monica J. Grant, Hans-Peter Kohler

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The institutions of marriage and the family have undergone profound changes over recent decades in sub-Saharan Africa, following differentiated paths across and within countries. These changes, however, have not been systematically related to variation in fertility and its decline over time. We use Demographic and Health Survey data from 29 countries in sub-Saharan Africa to examine how nuptiality patterns have changed over the period 1991-2019, and how these changes are associated with changes in the total fertility rate and ideal family size. Using multi-level linear models, we find that our four marriage indicators are all significantly associated with the total ...


Change In Subjective Well-Being, Affluence And Trust In Judiciary In India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi S. Imai, Raghav Gaiha May 2022

Change In Subjective Well-Being, Affluence And Trust In Judiciary In India, Vani S. Kulkarni, Veena S. Kulkarni, Katsushi S. Imai, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

The present study tests the hypothesis that trust in the lower judiciary in India - comprising High Courts at the state level and District Courts at the lower level - is associated with improvement in subjective economic well-being. The analysis is based on the India Human Development Survey (IHDS) 1 and 2 in 2005 and 2012, a large nationally representative household panel dataset. Using 2SLS and Lewbel IV models to take into account the endogeneity of trust in the lower judiciary, our analysis confirms that trust in the lower judiciary has a positive association with the change in SWB. The policy significance ...


Relational Ecology: Strengthening Community Resilience For Unhoused Indigenous Peoples In Albuquerque, Jennifer M. Stanley May 2022

Relational Ecology: Strengthening Community Resilience For Unhoused Indigenous Peoples In Albuquerque, Jennifer M. Stanley

Doctorate in Social Work (DSW) Dissertations

Objective: Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Continuums of Care (COCs) are responsible for providing entry to integrated healthcare for unhoused people toward housing stability. A client’s safety is a crucial variable to receive services. A comprehensive safety strategy understands the importance of relationship quality for clients and their multidisciplinary healthcare teams (MHT) to prevent safety incidents. Greater depth of knowledge on participant experiences informs the development of a process model for implementing the Community Resiliency Model (CRM) for crisis prevention response to decrease health disparities among unhoused Indigenous peoples in Albuquerque.

Methods: This qualitative key informant study applied an ...


Rescue Or Divert: The Politics Of Anti-Trafficking, Carceral Reform, And Sex Work, Anjali Mahajan May 2022

Rescue Or Divert: The Politics Of Anti-Trafficking, Carceral Reform, And Sex Work, Anjali Mahajan

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Calls for criminal justice reform in the United States have multiplied in recent years, yet advocates rarely discuss the role of punitive legislation surrounding the sex industry. Today’s anti-trafficking movement is one notorious for conflating human trafficking with consensual sex work, and it has seen striking success in pushing forward a narrative around the need for rescue. Pennsylvania—with the harshest laws governing the purchase and sale of sex in the country—serves as a useful case study for understanding the relationship between the anti-trafficking movement and the movement for sex workers’ rights. Through a comprehensive review of legislation ...


Get Loony With Play And Other Positive Interventions: Positive Psychology Recommendations And Interventions For The Great Lake Loons, Devon Still, Katherine White, Mark O'Brien, Kimberly Dickman May 2022

Get Loony With Play And Other Positive Interventions: Positive Psychology Recommendations And Interventions For The Great Lake Loons, Devon Still, Katherine White, Mark O'Brien, Kimberly Dickman

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

The Great Lakes Loons nonprofit minor league baseball team is built on high quality connections among its staff and between its staff and fans. But after a year of stress and uncertainty resulting from Covid-19 and its consequences, the organization confronted challenges including workplace stress and lingering negative emotions and cognitions related to employee downsizing. The organization may benefit from recommended interventions at the individual, organizational, and community level. At the individual level, the Loons may benefit from supporting staff to develop coping mechanisms for stress and positive psychology strategies for increasing hope, optimism, and other aspects of wellbeing. At ...


Factors Influencing The Choice Of Pension Distribution At Retirement, Robert L. Clark, Olivia S. Mitchell May 2022

Factors Influencing The Choice Of Pension Distribution At Retirement, Robert L. Clark, Olivia S. Mitchell

Wharton Pension Research Council Working Papers

One of the most important financial decisions that pension participants make concerns how they access their pension assets when they terminate employment with their plan sponsor. Their choices depend both on own preferences and the options offered by their retirement plan. This paper examines both past and future pension withdrawal choices for those with defined benefit and defined contribution pensions, separately. Our data are drawn from a set of pension distribution questions we fielded in the Understanding American Study. Results show significant differences in distribution choices based on the type of retirement plan, with individuals covered by defined benefit plans ...


It’S Art About Water Treatment! An Interview With Mallory Chaput, The Artist Inspiring Future Water Leaders-One Artwork At A Time, Swati Hegde Apr 2022

It’S Art About Water Treatment! An Interview With Mallory Chaput, The Artist Inspiring Future Water Leaders-One Artwork At A Time, Swati Hegde

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

This article throws a spotlight on Mallory Chaput, an artist inspiring future water leaders to take up water careers. Through her coloring pages, paintings, and comics about the water treatment, Mallory is helping children re-imagine the water sector. Originally a landscaper, Mallory developed a profound interest in water and wastewater treatment and learned about it by visiting plants, talking to professionals, and studying engineering books. This article is a transcript of an interview with Mallory, featuring her background, her imaginative creations and her future goals.


Where There Are No Sewers: The Toilet Cleaners Of Lucknow, Sharada Prasad, Isha Ray Apr 2022

Where There Are No Sewers: The Toilet Cleaners Of Lucknow, Sharada Prasad, Isha Ray

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Enormous progress has been made in the global effort to provide safe and affordable toilets for the world’s poorest citizens since World Toilet Day was first declared in 2001. Significant strides have been made in “reinventing” toilet designs for low-income, water-short, un-sewered urban zones; celebrities such as Bill Gates and Matt Damon have brought this once-taboo topic into the open; and the Prime Minister of India – the country with the highest number of people still practicing open defecation – has publicly declared that his country needs toilets over temples.

Well over 2 billion people today lack access to basic sanitation ...


El Agua Es Oro: A Human Centered Solution For The City Of Cochabamba, Bolivia, Natalia Mendoza, Camilia Olmedo Apr 2022

El Agua Es Oro: A Human Centered Solution For The City Of Cochabamba, Bolivia, Natalia Mendoza, Camilia Olmedo

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

The purpose of El Agua Es Oro (The Water is Gold) is to satisfy social needs, specifically for women living in peri-urban areas, with a more advanced efficiency. El Agua Es Oro creates an added value for people’s well-being by maximizing socio-environmental context and not just focusing on for-profit economics. Nevertheless, it is noteworthy to generate economic resources to sustain the impact that the organization seeks to achieve. El Agua Es Oro is a social enterprise based on the application of social innovation with the methodology and tools of a people-centered design, focusing on teenage girls and women. The ...


Climate Change, Differential Impacts On Women And Gender Mainstreaming: A Case Study Of East Rapti Watershed, Nepal, Anupama Ray Apr 2022

Climate Change, Differential Impacts On Women And Gender Mainstreaming: A Case Study Of East Rapti Watershed, Nepal, Anupama Ray

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

Women and water share a great deal of nexus in several ways. However, women have still minimal control over the management of water resources, making them more vulnerable to climate change. This paper assesses how climate change impacts differently across different women groups using an intersectionality lens, thereby exploring the situation of gender mainstreaming in water sector in three communities, namely, Karaiya, Basauli, and Dadagaun in Khairahani Municipality located in the East Rapti watershed, Nepal. In this perception- based study, we conducted three key informant interviews and household interviews with 45 women of different castes, ages, communities, education levels, and ...


Gender In The Water Industry One Man Of Transgender Experience’S Story, Ari Copeland Apr 2022

Gender In The Water Industry One Man Of Transgender Experience’S Story, Ari Copeland

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

is a complex topic Most people often confuse gender and sex; Most folks don’t realize that there are at least 57 genders and gender is a spectrum Some people within our workplace and the water industry don’t identify as a man or a woman, and/or their gender is more fluid (gender-expansive. In our day-to-day interactions with others, we often assume someone’s gender based on their appearance, mannerisms, and other social cues that vary depending on the culture Additionally, assuming everyone fits into the gender binary (just men and women is often-times a barrier to being inclusive ...


Exploring Sustainable Degrowth-Based Adaptation To Climate Change-Aggravated Water Insecurity In Parts Of Rural India: A Gender Relations Approach, Nairita Roy Chaudhuri Apr 2022

Exploring Sustainable Degrowth-Based Adaptation To Climate Change-Aggravated Water Insecurity In Parts Of Rural India: A Gender Relations Approach, Nairita Roy Chaudhuri

wH2O: The Journal of Gender and Water

This article reviews the theoretical concept of ‘sustainable adaptation’ to climate change and water scarcity using a gender-relations approach by answering the following questions: i) What is a sustainable adaptation to climate change? ii) Based on a literature review, how does gender interact with climate change adaptation to water scarcity and droughts in rural India? (iii) How do the concepts of sustainable adaptation, degrowth, and gender relations interact on the ground, pertaining to water justice?

The paper argues that climate change adaptation and development goals can harmonize only if they rectify root causes of vulnerabilities. For adaptation actions to yield ...


Prison Museums On Trial: The Politics Of Remembrance And Reform At Eastern State Penitentiary, Sing Sing Prison Museum, And Angola Museum, Ashley A. Fuchs Apr 2022

Prison Museums On Trial: The Politics Of Remembrance And Reform At Eastern State Penitentiary, Sing Sing Prison Museum, And Angola Museum, Ashley A. Fuchs

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Prison museums provide a critical bridge between historical penal practice and contemporary criminal legal issues in the United States. Over the past 15 years, challenges to museum neutrality, heightened awareness of mass incarceration and racial and ethnic disparities in the incarcerated population, social justice protests and museums, and Confederate statue controversies have redefined prison museums’ roles and responsibilities. A comparative case study of Eastern State Penitentiary (ESP), Sing Sing Prison Museum, and Angola Museum demonstrates the various ways these factors have spurred change in exhibitions, programming, and public statements. Notably, the composition of leadership and staff is highly predictive of ...


An Osteological Study Of Spina Bifida In The Nariokotome Homo Erectus Skeleton, Sydney Lee Apr 2022

An Osteological Study Of Spina Bifida In The Nariokotome Homo Erectus Skeleton, Sydney Lee

Anthropology Senior Theses

Spina bifida, a type of neural tube defect apparent at birth, has been sporadically documented in paleopathological analyses. It occurs most frequently in the sacrum and has clinical manifestations ranging from mild to severe. However, reporting and interpreting spina bifida from archaeological sacral remains has been difficult because no consensus has been reached about the anatomical indicators of sacral spina bifida. Such a diagnosis is also complicated by the fact that the sacrum is the most variable region of the spine, with many of the morphometric variants being considered normal. This project explored sacral variation in a fossil hominin specimen ...


The Inception & The Projection Of The Female Body In Biomedicine: An Exploration Of Transitory Fertility In Cobbs Creek, West Philadelphia, Adriana Purcell Apr 2022

The Inception & The Projection Of The Female Body In Biomedicine: An Exploration Of Transitory Fertility In Cobbs Creek, West Philadelphia, Adriana Purcell

Anthropology Senior Theses

The relationship between the psychosocial experience of fertility and its biological basis in women is under-researched and undertheorized. In order to create standard assessments informed by both the mental and the physical states of female fertility, qualitative work is necessary to augment our biological knowledge and provide an ethnographic lens on how women contextualize fertility outside of a biomedicine. Here, I introduce the concept of transitory fertility, a term I use to describe moments of perceived variability in fertility status among women. It is a concept currently unrecognized in biomedicine. Women who may be physically able to conceive naturally experience ...


Playing With Pride: Lgbtq Identities In Athletic Spaces, Joseph H. Lohmann Apr 2022

Playing With Pride: Lgbtq Identities In Athletic Spaces, Joseph H. Lohmann

Anthropology Senior Theses

Historically, individuals identifying as LGBTQ have experienced higher levels of discrimination, stigmatization, and harassment compared to their non-LGBTQ peers. This holds especially true in the world of sports, where increased levels of competition, stress, and conformity often leave queer athletes feeling hopeless, isolated, and separate from their teammates, coaches, and training personnel. However, little scholarship regarding the intersection of LGBTQ identities and experiences in athletic spaces exists. The primary objective of this study is to explore the positive, negative, and neutral narratives of LGBTQ collegiate athletes in an attempt to decipher the true experience of performing at the highest level ...


Faunal Remains From Anau South Trench 5: A Preliminary Study, Jackson R. Clark Apr 2022

Faunal Remains From Anau South Trench 5: A Preliminary Study, Jackson R. Clark

Anthropology Senior Theses

Anau, Turkmenistan offers a lens into Central Asian cultural and societal development. Its continuous settlement through the Bronze Age has served to provide stratigraphic chronologies for the entire region. Via detailed observation of a previously unstudied assemblage of faunal remains, this paper seeks to build on our understanding of Central Asian archaeology. A taphonomy-based study yielded insight into the preparation and discard of animal materials. Aspects of cooking, scavenging, and post-depositional damage are discussed in detail.


Barriers To Accessing Health Care In Hawaii's Foster Youth, Sara L. Johnson Apr 2022

Barriers To Accessing Health Care In Hawaii's Foster Youth, Sara L. Johnson

Anthropology Senior Theses

Foster youth (FY) face multiple barriers to accessing basic medical care and many are not given access to adequate mental health treatment after enduring the trauma of separation from their families. This thesis elevates FY's voices, using their own narratives to examine the issues they face in receiving adequate medical care and mental health resources. The study includes semi-structured interviews to query the local understanding of FY's health disparities. Deductive coding was used to search and highlight the sections of the interviews that touched on reoccurring themes. Several themes centered on the significant need for improved FY access ...


The Role Of Community Museums In Museum Decolonization Discourse, Sophie Walsh Apr 2022

The Role Of Community Museums In Museum Decolonization Discourse, Sophie Walsh

Anthropology Senior Theses

By conducting research and a literature review of decolonization discourses and practices in museums, this research seeks to understand how a community-centered approach can contribute to the decolonization of encyclopedic museums. Decolonization practices such as transparency, collaboration, and repatriation were considered for how they hold museums accountable for their coloniality and how they centralize contemporary communities affected by colonialism. Two examples from the Penn Museum, the Africa Galleries and the Global Guides Program, were used to observe the nature of decolonial practices in encyclopedic museums. Through a literature review and interviews with curators and participants, these two examples show both ...


A Validation Study Of Transferrin And I-Fabp As Dried Blood Spot-Based Biomarkers Of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction, Selinda Qiu Apr 2022

A Validation Study Of Transferrin And I-Fabp As Dried Blood Spot-Based Biomarkers Of Environmental Enteric Dysfunction, Selinda Qiu

Anthropology Senior Theses

Environmental Enteric Dysfunction (EED) is a subclinical condition characterized by increased intestinal permeability and impaired nutrient absorption, but current methods for assessing EED are invasive and resource intensive. Dried blood spot (DBS) biomarker sampling offers a minimally invasive method of detecting EED. We present a validation study of two DBS protocols for the measurement of transferrin, a biomarker of iron status, and I-FABP, a biomarker of intestinal permeability. Matched DBS from a fingerstick and venous whole blood samples from n=74 individuals were collected over a 3-week period. Whole blood was used to create additional DBS samples and then spun ...