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University of Iowa

2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 115

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Mapping And Geographic Information Systems, Mark F Anderson Dec 2011

Mapping And Geographic Information Systems, Mark F Anderson

University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications

The delivery of GIS technologies that are taking full advantage of the Web, and especially Web 2.0: georeferencing Sanborn maps of San Francisco, the NYPL map warper, and Harvard's WorldMap.

GIS and mapping is becoming such a big topic in the area of digital humanities because there is a geographic component to just about everything. And the tools are getting more and more developed for making new discoveries using old and new data, and connect them to a wide variety of people.


Blood, Lust And Love: Interrogating Gender Violence In The Twilight, Meenakshi Gigi Durham Dec 2011

Blood, Lust And Love: Interrogating Gender Violence In The Twilight, Meenakshi Gigi Durham

School of Journalism & Mass Communication Publications

This paper interrogates the construction of gender relations in the Twilight books and films, vis-à-vis issues of implicit and overt gender violence. A combination of ideological analysis, semiology, and feminist critique is used to examine the verbal and visual codes at work in these texts. Five dominant themes emerge: (1) the representation of violence as an inherent characteristic of masculinity; (2) the portrayal of male violence as a justifiable by-product of heterosexual relationships; (3) the definition of masculinity in terms of a dualism wherein “good” boys repudiate their own “instinctive” predilection for violence and “bad” boys allow it to go ...


Predictors And Outcomes Associated With Children's Friendship Stability, Amanda Joy Murray Dec 2011

Predictors And Outcomes Associated With Children's Friendship Stability, Amanda Joy Murray

Theses and Dissertations

Friendships are an important context of children's development, yet there is much still to be learned about these formative relationships. Friendship stability is one understudied feature of children's friendships. The aim of the present study was to investigate both predictors and outcomes associated with friendship stability to further elucidate the role that friendships play in shaping children's development. Potential predictors examined included age, gender, gender match, race, residence in a rural or urban community, number of moves in the last year, child externalizing behavior, friendship quality, and deficient parenting. Similarity between friends in terms of overt and ...


Examining The Structure Of Eating Pathology Through Scale Construction, Kelsie Terese Forbush Dec 2011

Examining The Structure Of Eating Pathology Through Scale Construction, Kelsie Terese Forbush

Theses and Dissertations

Eating disorders are alarmingly prevalent and potentially lethal. The proper assessment of eating disorder symptoms is therefore crucial for the early identification and treatment of those suffering from these serious illnesses. Current measures of eating disorder symptoms are either very narrow in scope (e.g., assess only one aspect of disordered eating, such as bingeing) and/or have one or more serious limitations, such as inconsistent factor structures and/or poor discriminant validity. Because several of the existing measures of eating disorders were created over 20 years ago, many of these limitations are the direct result of out-dated scale development ...


Savoring Ideology: An Ethnography Of Production And Consumption In Slow Food's Italy, Rachel Anne Horner Brackett Dec 2011

Savoring Ideology: An Ethnography Of Production And Consumption In Slow Food's Italy, Rachel Anne Horner Brackett

Theses and Dissertations

With over 100,000 members in 153 countries, the Slow Food movement emphasizes the ethical and social dimensions of eating habits by creating a new kind of socially and ecologically aware consumerism. However, Slow Food's rhetorical emphasis on the agency of the consumer obscures the parallel role of the food producer, complicating inquiry into the broad claims for social justice presented by the movement. This dissertation examines the tension between the ideologies and practices of Slow Food and the locally-situated goals of small-scale food producers working to create economic, ecologic and cultural sustainability on daily basis. Multi-sited ethnographic research ...


Sleep-Related Activity And Recovery Of Function In The Somatosensory Cortex During Early Development, Amy Jo Marcano-Reik Dec 2011

Sleep-Related Activity And Recovery Of Function In The Somatosensory Cortex During Early Development, Amy Jo Marcano-Reik

Theses and Dissertations

The corpus callosum, the major interhemispheric fiber tract, mediates communication between homotopic regions within the primary somatosensory cortex (S1). Recently, in 1- to 6-day-old neonatal rats, brief bursts of high-frequency, oscillatory activity - called spindle-bursts (SBs) - were described in S1 following sensory feedback from endogenously generated sleep-related myoclonic twitch movements and exogenously generated peripheral stimulation. To determine whether interhemispheric communication via the corpus callosum modulates the expression of SBs during this early period of development and contributes to cortical organization and plasticity, we investigated the endogenous (spontaneous) expression and exogenous (evoked) activity of SBs in neonatal rats with intact or surgically ...


Personality And Intimate Partner Aggression In Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, Leigh Allison Sharma Dec 2011

Personality And Intimate Partner Aggression In Gorakhpur, Uttar Pradesh, India, Leigh Allison Sharma

Theses and Dissertations

The goals of the study were threefold: to examine, in a sample of Hindi-speaking Indian women, (1) the internal consistency reliability and psychometric validity of a broad assessment of intimate partner aggression (IPA) that previously has been used in multiple languages in the public-health domain; (2) the extent to which the trait structure of a widely used personality measure conforms in this sample to the personality structure that has been found in many other cultural and geographic groupings and across many languages; and (3) relations between personality traits and the experience of IPA, including physical, psychological and sexual IPA. A ...


Acquisition Of Morphosyntax In The Adult Second Language: The Phonology Factor, Gonzalo Santiago Campos Dintrans Dec 2011

Acquisition Of Morphosyntax In The Adult Second Language: The Phonology Factor, Gonzalo Santiago Campos Dintrans

Theses and Dissertations

The goal of this dissertation is to examine the ubiquitous challenge that adult second language speakers have in producing functional morphology, even at advanced stages of acquisition. Specifically, this study examines how native speakers of Spanish, Mandarin and Japanese use past tense and number morphology in English. To this aim, two current competing hypotheses are tested: the Interpretability Hypothesis, which states that certain aspects of syntactic knowledge (uninterpretable features) cannot be acquired after a critical period, resulting in target-deviant use of functional morphology, and the Prosodic Transfer Hypothesis, which claims that all aspects of syntax can be acquired, but that ...


Nationalism And State Legitimation In Contemporary China, Benjamin Joseph Darr Dec 2011

Nationalism And State Legitimation In Contemporary China, Benjamin Joseph Darr

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the process of through which the government of the People's Republic of China ostensibly produces popular legitimacy by inculcating an attachment to Chinese national identity among the public. It seeks to understand the theoretical connections between national identity and support for the state and to learn which groups of people are most affected by the state's influences in this regard. A basic two-step process is theorized, in which the first step is the state's attempt to shape the public's concept of Chinese national identity and the public's attachment to the nation. The ...


The Structural Transformation Of The Televisual Public Sphere, Daniel Conover Faltesek Dec 2011

The Structural Transformation Of The Televisual Public Sphere, Daniel Conover Faltesek

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation poses that the digital transition is best understood as simultaneously a technological and cultural phenomena. As a physical change in the means of distribution, transmission, and reception of media content, the digital transition is an important factor in changing technological, aesthetic, and legal norms. As a cultural form, the digital is positioned as a moderator between continuity and discontinuity. Through a reading strategy inspired by Walter Benjamin this dissertation reads the physical and cultural implications of the digital transition in television in the United States through political categories. The chapters are case studies in the adoption of digital ...


Perceptual Learning In Speech Reveals Pathways Of Processing, Cheyenne Michele Munson Dec 2011

Perceptual Learning In Speech Reveals Pathways Of Processing, Cheyenne Michele Munson

Theses and Dissertations

Listeners use perceptual learning to rapidly adapt to manipulated speech input. Examination of this learning process can reveal the pathways used during speech perception. By assessing generalization of perceptually learned categorization boundaries, others have used perceptual learning to help determine whether abstract units are necessary for listeners and models of speech perception. Here we extend this approach to address the inverse issue of specificity. In these experiments we have sought to discover the levels of specificity for which listeners can learn variation in phonetic contrasts. We find that (1) listeners are able to learn multiple voicing boundaries for different pairs ...


A Lower Order Structural Examination Of The Neuroticism/Negative Emotionality Domain: Relations With Internalizing Symptoms And Selected Clinical Traits, Kristin Elisabeth Naragon Gainey Dec 2011

A Lower Order Structural Examination Of The Neuroticism/Negative Emotionality Domain: Relations With Internalizing Symptoms And Selected Clinical Traits, Kristin Elisabeth Naragon Gainey

Theses and Dissertations

The study of how personality traits relate to psychopathology has flourished in the past three decades, with strong evidence for systematic links between personality and psychological disorders. Great progress has been made in our understanding of the associations between broad traits and the mood and anxiety disorders (or internalizing disorders). In particular, it is clear that the broad trait neuroticism/negative emotionality (N/NE; stress reactivity and a tendency to experience negative emotions) is moderately to strongly associated with all of the internalizing disorders, both concurrently and longitudinally. However, researchers have noted the relative dearth of studies that examine associations ...


Disappeared: Erasure In The Age Of Mechanical Writing, Gina Nicole Giotta Dec 2011

Disappeared: Erasure In The Age Of Mechanical Writing, Gina Nicole Giotta

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation surveys effaced bodies and the complications and victories left in their wake. While the recent `material turn' in media studies has produced valuable insight into the history of media artifacts and forms (as well as their contemporary progeny), the centrality of writing practices and inscription technologies in such scholarship has generated a rather ironic critical blind spot as regards the corresponding phenomenon of erasure. As inscription and erasure are co-constitutive forces that can only exist through ongoing encounters with one another, it is necessary--if we are to understand mechanical writing in all of its intricacy--to also keep in ...


2011 Voices On Disability Writing Contest Winners In Honor Of Priscilla Mckinley, Maya Magaraci, Kiya Law, Megan Jans, Evan D’Alessandro, Matilda Sofia Claudia Mackey, Maureen Mccue, Rebecca Kaplan, Kathy Last, Suzanne Mitts, Elyssa Sasuta, Saadi Simawe, Brendan Sheley, Emily Hinkler, Millarahi Delso-Saavedra, Patricia A. Silvia Nov 2011

2011 Voices On Disability Writing Contest Winners In Honor Of Priscilla Mckinley, Maya Magaraci, Kiya Law, Megan Jans, Evan D’Alessandro, Matilda Sofia Claudia Mackey, Maureen Mccue, Rebecca Kaplan, Kathy Last, Suzanne Mitts, Elyssa Sasuta, Saadi Simawe, Brendan Sheley, Emily Hinkler, Millarahi Delso-Saavedra, Patricia A. Silvia

Council on Disability Awareness Publications

Poetry and Prose winners in youth adult categories


Mentoring: It's A Good Thing: What We Learned Partying With Student Librarians, Nicole Saylor, Jen Wolfe, Paul A Soderdahl Nov 2011

Mentoring: It's A Good Thing: What We Learned Partying With Student Librarians, Nicole Saylor, Jen Wolfe, Paul A Soderdahl

University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications

Party hosting is an exercise in preparation and personal finesse. The ambiance and menu must be exciting, the guests lively and engaging. As host, you must set the tone and connect newcomers with those already at the party. No matter how charming or prepared you think you are, once the party starts anything can happen. Uninvited guests can come crashing, Uncle Gene can go heavy on the Riesling and start telling inappropriate jokes, and timid, tired Tina can suck the air right out of the room. But when conditions are right, and host and guests find their flow, the experience ...


Media Pranks: A Three-Act Essay, Kembrew Mcleod Oct 2011

Media Pranks: A Three-Act Essay, Kembrew Mcleod

Department of Communication Studies Publications

No abstract provided.


Ila/Acrl Business Meeting, October 13, 2011, Association Of College And Research Libraries. Iowa Chapter Oct 2011

Ila/Acrl Business Meeting, October 13, 2011, Association Of College And Research Libraries. Iowa Chapter

ILA/ACRL Minutes and Reports

No abstract provided.


Ila/Acrl Executive Board Minutes, October 13, 2011, Association Of College And Research Libraries. Iowa Chapter Oct 2011

Ila/Acrl Executive Board Minutes, October 13, 2011, Association Of College And Research Libraries. Iowa Chapter

ILA/ACRL Minutes and Reports

No abstract provided.


Building A Best Practices Team: Creating Stronger Online Tutorials Together, Jennifer Deberg, Amy Blevins, Chris Childs Oct 2011

Building A Best Practices Team: Creating Stronger Online Tutorials Together, Jennifer Deberg, Amy Blevins, Chris Childs

University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications

Purpose: The purpose of this poster is to demonstrate the value of having a best practices working group to explore software programs and develop policies and procedures for the creation of online instructional materials. In addition, we would like to emphasize the importance of partnering with the other libraries within a University or other organization to share ideas and avoid duplication of effort.

Methods: In order to determine the best software for creating tutorials, the University libraries put together a taskforce to investigate Jing, Panopto, Camtasia and Captivate. After deciding which products to purchase and support, a new team formed ...


Using It To Engage Patients In Seeking Information About Their Health Conditions, Linda J. Walton, Chris A. Childs, Jimmy A Reyes Oct 2011

Using It To Engage Patients In Seeking Information About Their Health Conditions, Linda J. Walton, Chris A. Childs, Jimmy A Reyes

University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications

No abstract provided.


Simulations, Outreach And Health Sciences Libraries: A Triple Play For Success, Linda J. Walton, Amy Blevins, Chris Childs, Sarah Andrews, Jennifer Deberg Oct 2011

Simulations, Outreach And Health Sciences Libraries: A Triple Play For Success, Linda J. Walton, Amy Blevins, Chris Childs, Sarah Andrews, Jennifer Deberg

University of Iowa Libraries Staff Publications

Purpose: Our library staff has been partnering with faculty to develop curricula using simulation equipment for various outreach programs to youth in the state. The simulation center is housed and managed by our library. This presentation will recount the development and expansion of this two-year old program and describe its various components. The programs are aimed at grades 5-12 to stimulate interest in science and health care professions through engagement and participation in a variety of interactive educational sessions using simulation equipment, such as eye exams, neurological/cognitive assessments, and cardiac rhythm evaluation.

Methods: The focus of the paper will ...


Where Has All The Regional Power Gone Under Putin?, Gulnaz Sharafutdinova Oct 2011

Where Has All The Regional Power Gone Under Putin?, Gulnaz Sharafutdinova

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

It has been declared over a decade ago that the ideational variables "moved back to the forefront of the political science agenda,"1 yet in comparative politics the turn to ideas has not widened much beyond the scholars of the EU.2 Only few studies of policy choices of postcommunist elites relied on ideational arguments.3 Recent studies of Russian and comparative federalism, more generally, also frame the analysis of political action privileging interests over ideas and objective over discursive structures.4 In this paradigm power balance and political actors’ incen-tive structures are determined by such tangible variables as institutions ...


Russian Regional Inequality In Comparative Perspective, Thomas F. Remington Oct 2011

Russian Regional Inequality In Comparative Perspective, Thomas F. Remington

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

That income inequality has a number of social and political effects has been well documented. In view of the rapid rise in interpersonal and interregional inequality in Russia in the past two decades, this paper seeks to answer three questions. First, descriptively, what are the trends in interregional income inequality in Russia and how do they compare to those in China and other large countries? Second, how are interregional and interpersonal inequality related? Finally, how have social and economic policies shaped interregional inequality? The paper compares Russia with China, although it also draws comparisons to inequality in the United States ...


National Identity And Xenophobia In Russia: Opportunities For Regional Analysis, Yoshiko M. Herrera Oct 2011

National Identity And Xenophobia In Russia: Opportunities For Regional Analysis, Yoshiko M. Herrera

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


‘Good Governance’: Efficiency As A Variable And Effectiveness As A Structure. The Basic Approach And Russian Regional Healthcare As A Case, Andrei Akhremenko Oct 2011

‘Good Governance’: Efficiency As A Variable And Effectiveness As A Structure. The Basic Approach And Russian Regional Healthcare As A Case, Andrei Akhremenko

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


The Oppositional Parties In Russian Regions: The Hard Choice Between Inclusion And Exclusion, Rostislav Turovskii Oct 2011

The Oppositional Parties In Russian Regions: The Hard Choice Between Inclusion And Exclusion, Rostislav Turovskii

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


Why And When Do Political Systems Become Party Systems? How Subnational Surveys Can Help Solve A Cross-National Puzzle, Henry E. Hale Oct 2011

Why And When Do Political Systems Become Party Systems? How Subnational Surveys Can Help Solve A Cross-National Puzzle, Henry E. Hale

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


Politics, Governance, And Zigzags Of The “Power Vertical”: Toward A Framework For Analysis Of Russia's Local Regimes, Vladimir Gel'man Oct 2011

Politics, Governance, And Zigzags Of The “Power Vertical”: Toward A Framework For Analysis Of Russia's Local Regimes, Vladimir Gel'man

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

In the wake of multiple political and economic transformations in the 1990s and the 2000s, new patterns of subnational politics and governance emerged across Russia’s regions and large cities in the form of local regimes. These patterns could be analyzed through the theoretical and comparative lenses of international research on the subject. I argue that the major changes of local regimes in Russia’s regions and large cities – unlike those analyzed in the literature on American and European sub-national politics and governance – are heavily affected by structural factors such as trends of local as well as national economic development ...


Skill Or Loyalty? The Fate Of Russia's Governors Under Presidential Control, William M. Reisinger, Bryon J. Moraski Oct 2011

Skill Or Loyalty? The Fate Of Russia's Governors Under Presidential Control, William M. Reisinger, Bryon J. Moraski

Benjamin F. Shambaugh Conferences

No abstract provided.


Ila/Acrl Newsletter, Vol. 21, No. 5, Fall 2011, Association Of College And Research Libraries. Iowa Chapter Oct 2011

Ila/Acrl Newsletter, Vol. 21, No. 5, Fall 2011, Association Of College And Research Libraries. Iowa Chapter

ILA/ACRL Newsletter

No abstract provided.