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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Bindings, Summer/Fall 2020, University Of Iowa Libraries Jul 2020

Bindings, Summer/Fall 2020, University Of Iowa Libraries

Bindings: news for supporters of the University of Iowa Libraries

No abstract provided.


"Tree Thinking": The Rhetoric Of Tree Diagrams In Biological Thought, Carolyn R. Miller, Molly Hartzog May 2020

"Tree Thinking": The Rhetoric Of Tree Diagrams In Biological Thought, Carolyn R. Miller, Molly Hartzog

Poroi

Tree-like visualizations have played a central role in taxonomic and evolutionary biology for centuries, and the idea of a “tree of life” has been a pervasive notion not only in biology but also in religion, philosophy, and literature for much longer. The tree of life is a central figure in Darwin’s Origin of Species in both verbal and visual forms. As one of the most powerful and pervasive images in biological thought, what conceptual and communicative work has it enabled? How have the visual qualities and elements of the tree form interacted with biological thinking over time? This paper ...


Front Matter, Bryanne Estes Apr 2020

Front Matter, Bryanne Estes

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


“Embodying Histories Of Violence: Representations Of Scarred Bodies Of Sri Lankan Tamil Women In Sri Lankan Tamil Diasporic Women’S Writing In English”, Sabreena Niles Apr 2020

“Embodying Histories Of Violence: Representations Of Scarred Bodies Of Sri Lankan Tamil Women In Sri Lankan Tamil Diasporic Women’S Writing In English”, Sabreena Niles

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

The paper seeks to explore embodied histories of violence through an insightful discussion on the representations of scarred bodies of Sri Lankan Tamil women in Sri Lankan Tamil diasporic women’s writing in English. The study employs a qualitative approach and conducts a content analysis of selected narratives in the primary texts: Shankari Chandran’s Song of the Sun God (2017), V.V. Ganeshananthan’s Love Marriage (2008), and Mary Anne Mohanraj’s Bodies in Motion (2005). The narratives selected for the study are approached as a body of literary work that portrays scarred bodies of Sri Lankan Tamil women ...


"It’S Us:” Mimicry In Jordan Peele’S Us, Harry Olafsen Apr 2020

"It’S Us:” Mimicry In Jordan Peele’S Us, Harry Olafsen

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


Contributor Bios Apr 2020

Contributor Bios

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


"Biopolitical Bollywood: Sexual Violence As Cathartic Spectacle In Section 375 And Article 15”, Dr. Swatie Apr 2020

"Biopolitical Bollywood: Sexual Violence As Cathartic Spectacle In Section 375 And Article 15”, Dr. Swatie

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

This paper will discuss the representation of sexual violence in two recent mainstream Bollywood films, Section 375 and Article 15, using Laura Mulvey’s argument about the production of visual pleasure. Laura Mulvey states how the male gaze of the camera makes invisible, and produces as reality, the objectification of the woman and the identification of the audience with the male performer. This paper uses these findings to state how the male gaze is used to identify with the male protagonist in both films in order to create an identificatory politics. The films deploy a pathos of familiality: both the ...


Introduction, Bryanne Estes Apr 2020

Introduction, Bryanne Estes

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


“Mapping Vietnamese Identities In Tran Anh Hung’S And Tony Bui’S Films: Femininity And Love”, Thi Nhu Trang Nguyen Apr 2020

“Mapping Vietnamese Identities In Tran Anh Hung’S And Tony Bui’S Films: Femininity And Love”, Thi Nhu Trang Nguyen

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

Many Vietnamese diasporic film directors have presented women as conveyors of Vietnamese culture, with their love symbolizing Vietnamese identity. This identity has been characterized by the virtues of sacrifice, endurance, and cohesion within a patriarchal family. On one hand, their femininity, as well as their female beauty, can be fully realized only when they are viewed through the perspective of a man and connected to his love. This remains true even if female love sometimes becomes overly patient or rebellious. On the other hand, women in diasporic films possess characteristics that resemble the image of a woman in a traditional ...


Political Life In The Wake Of The Plantation: Sovereignty, Witnessing, Repair, Lydia Craig Apr 2020

Political Life In The Wake Of The Plantation: Sovereignty, Witnessing, Repair, Lydia Craig

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

No abstract provided.


"The Meaning Of Prophets And The Making Of Trolls: 19th-Century Reception Of Charles Dickens’ Barnaby Rudge", Maddison Mcgann Apr 2020

"The Meaning Of Prophets And The Making Of Trolls: 19th-Century Reception Of Charles Dickens’ Barnaby Rudge", Maddison Mcgann

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

Comprised of arson, betrayal, murder, abduction, exploitation, rebellion, and bastardry, Charles Dickens’ Barnaby Rudge is all but a boring read. Set during the Gordon Riots of 1780, Dickens’ fifth novel was published in installments beginning in 1841, each week promising a new cast of characters and events having to do with the anti-Catholic uprisings that had taken place nearly 60 years prior. These uprisings, led by Lord George Gordon, had originally begun as orderly protests over Catholics serving in the British Army; however, they quickly evolved into full-scale riots, with crowds of over 50,000 people burning down prisons, churches ...


“The Exquisite Face Of The Other: Intellectual Exile And The Lyric”, Maria Capecchi Apr 2020

“The Exquisite Face Of The Other: Intellectual Exile And The Lyric”, Maria Capecchi

Iowa Journal of Cultural Studies

Lyric poetry is a genre constantly being renegotiated and redefined. From the fragmented parchments of Sappho’s ancient sung texts to the “American Lyrics” of Claudia Rankine, part of the thrill of the lyric form is its mutating nature. Solmaz Sharif’s poetry book, Look, is a masterful adaptation of the lyric form. Her poems combine erasure, Department of Defense terms, Wikipedia entries, and references to the Iran-Iraq and US wars of imperialism, collaging experiences of soldiers, immigrants, and citizens on both sides of the United States’ so-called War on Terror. In a world of political extremes, “cancel culture,” and ...


‘Poised On The Higher Horizon’: Seeing God In The Sahara, Ariela Marcus-Sells Feb 2020

‘Poised On The Higher Horizon’: Seeing God In The Sahara, Ariela Marcus-Sells

Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Multidisciplinary Studies

This article presents an Arabic transcription and complete English translation of an untitled text – labelled “Khalwa” in the manuscript catalogue - attributed to Sīdī al-Mukhtār al-Kuntī, a Saharan scholar and Sufi teacher of the late-eighteenth century. In the accompanying commentary, I demonstrate how this text draws together two passages in the Qur’ān: the ambiguous visionary encounters of 53:1-18 and Moses’s request to see God in 7:142-143 to argue that, unlike Moses, Muḥammad received a direct vision of God. I further argue that, for Sīdi al-Mukhtār al-Kuntī, the question of seeing God was linked to his concern over ...


Stem At Stead: Catapults, Aubree Larson Jan 2020

Stem At Stead: Catapults, Aubree Larson

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

STEM at Stead consists of three experiment kits aimed at assisting patients in the Stead Family Children’s Hospital with science, engineering, and math education. These experiment kits and discussion materials were created to help fill the gap of information patients were experiencing during their stay at the hospital and consequently their absence from school. The three experiments include building a catapult, creating a bouncy ball, and discovering effective handwashing techniques. The pictures listed with this post show examples from the experiments. The experiments are split into three different levels: beginner, practiced, and advanced scientists. These materials can be found ...


Solving The Mystery Of The "Cyanide Bomb", Tyler A. Jackson Jan 2020

Solving The Mystery Of The "Cyanide Bomb", Tyler A. Jackson

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

A man who's career began as a biochemist and ended as a botanist. A man who under the instruction of a Professor Butt realized what he wanted to do for the rest of his life. This was the story of Professor Jonathan Poulton, Emeritus Faculty at the University of Iowa. He comes from an English family with a religious background and ended up in the sciences when he decided to pursue biochemistry over a dinner with a family friend. He earned his PhD at Oxford University and traveled abroad to conduct research. Poulton eventually landed himself at the University ...


From Biochemistry To Patent Law: An Undergraduate Journey, Brianna Lupo Jan 2020

From Biochemistry To Patent Law: An Undergraduate Journey, Brianna Lupo

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

A University of Iowa student, Sophia Vogeler, pursues discovery in the research lab of Dr. Charles Brenner in the Department of Biochemistry. While her undergraduate major, biochemistry, is a popular one on campus, Vogeler’s future directions will take her to Law School.

Biochemistry and Law School seem like a disconnect to many, but this was the logical path for Vogeler. For a future in patent law, participation in research as an undergraduate was instrumental to her understanding of how research leads to the creation of patents and development of drugs.

In this article, Vogeler and Dr. Brenner highlight the ...


From Mendelian Inheritance To Molecular Genomics: A Brief Appreciation Of Genetics, Tim Nguyen Jan 2020

From Mendelian Inheritance To Molecular Genomics: A Brief Appreciation Of Genetics, Tim Nguyen

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

Biology is one of many sciences advancing society and the human conquest for knowledge. Its transition from speculation to lifestyle has been a turbulent ride for centuries, but nevertheless, implications for health improvement has only allowed the field to be advocated by more and more people beyond the professions. Revolutionary findings in genetics increased rapidly for either the advancement of knowledge or its promise for medicine, and while its celebration is heard in academia and achievements like Nobel Prizes, many of the details and reasons for these celebrations are not fully understood. In this mini retrospect, I reflect on a ...


Stem At Stead: Bouncy Balls, Aubree Larson Jan 2020

Stem At Stead: Bouncy Balls, Aubree Larson

Synthesis: A Digital Journal of Student Science Communication

STEM at Stead consists of three experiment kits aimed at assisting patients in the Stead Family Children’s Hospital with science, engineering, and math education. These experiment kits and discussion materials were created to help fill the gap of information patients were experiencing during their stay at the hospital and consequently their absence from school. The three experiments include building a catapult, creating a bouncy ball, and discovering effective handwashing techniques. The pictures listed with this post show examples from the experiments. The experiments are split into three different levels: beginner, practiced, and advanced scientists. These materials can be found ...


Dementia, Rhetorical Schemes, And Cognitive Resilience, Randy Allen Harris Jan 2020

Dementia, Rhetorical Schemes, And Cognitive Resilience, Randy Allen Harris

Poroi

I argue for the importance of rhetorical schemes for understanding, diagnosing, and coping with forms of dementia. Schemes give salience (recruit attention), memorability (affect storage and facilitate retrieval), and aesthetic effects (induce a pleasurable emotional response) to configurations of language. They do so because of the way they play to neurocognitive pattern biases, like repetition, sequence, and position. Dementia is a condition under which language use degrades, alongside memory and attention, but pattern biases appear to remain and schemic configurations become more and more frequent in dementia speech. Rhetorical schemes, that is, are notably resilient to the forces that diminish ...


Resilient Turns: Epistrophe, Incrementum, Metonymy, Oren Abeles, Jordynn Jack, Sarah Ann Singer Jan 2020

Resilient Turns: Epistrophe, Incrementum, Metonymy, Oren Abeles, Jordynn Jack, Sarah Ann Singer

Poroi

In this essay, we demonstrate how rhetorical analyses of style can maintain their focus on linguistic patterns while simultaneously attending to material ones. Focusing on the trope of metonymy and the figures of incrementum and epistrophe, we show how these devices represent different modes of material-semiotic addressivity, resiliently turning and reconfiguring the rhetorical ecologies they capacitate. Using three case studies—a corpus of news articles about water quality amid extensive wind turbine development in Chatham-Kent, Ontario; traditional and “rogue” pain scales; and scientific literature about CRISPR—we explore the stylistic affordances of epistrophe, incrementum, and metonymy, showing how these “turnings ...


The Recalcitrance And Resilience Of Scientific Function, Diane Marie Keeling, Patricia Garza, Charisse Michelle Nartey, Anne-Ruxandra Carvunis Jan 2020

The Recalcitrance And Resilience Of Scientific Function, Diane Marie Keeling, Patricia Garza, Charisse Michelle Nartey, Anne-Ruxandra Carvunis

Poroi

“Function” is a vitally important concept in the scientific community. Scientists use it to describe and address a wide variety of research problems. In publications, however, scientists within and across disciplines interpret function differently. For example, intense controversy surrounds what percentage of the human genome should be deemed "functional” rather than “junk DNA.” In this essay, we analyze the use of function in the research of de novo gene birth, a budding scientific field that studies how novel genes can emerge in non-genic sequences. Our research team, composed of a rhetorical scholar, philosopher, structural biologist and systems biologist, crafts a ...


Resilience And Self-Reliance In Canadian Food Charter Discourse, Philippa Spoel, Colleen Derkatch Jan 2020

Resilience And Self-Reliance In Canadian Food Charter Discourse, Philippa Spoel, Colleen Derkatch

Poroi

This article interrogates the rhetoric of “self-reliance” as a common feature of discourses about individual and community resilience by examining Canadian food charters in the context of regional food systems aimed at improving community food security. Despite the association of food charters with alternative food systems and progressive politics, we find that their ambiguous and shifting appeals to self-reliance largely conflict with their stated social justice goals of community food security, particularly the goal of alleviating the distress of food insecurity for vulnerable community members. Overall, we argue that the rhetoric of self-reliance in Canadian food charters primarily perpetuates ...


Addressing The Social Determinants Of Health: “Vulnerable” Populations And The Presentation Of Healthy People 2020, Eric Rodriguez, Dawn Opel Jan 2020

Addressing The Social Determinants Of Health: “Vulnerable” Populations And The Presentation Of Healthy People 2020, Eric Rodriguez, Dawn Opel

Poroi

Population health is a concept at the core of national healthcare reform efforts. Population health focuses on the social determinants of health, or the living conditions of people at work, home, and play. To participate in population health initiatives, organizations must collect population-level data, creating a discourse of resilience-as-ability-to-cope through mapping community demographics, as though a counting of bodies and their material conditions creates a foundation for sustained, improved health outcomes. In 2010, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (ODPHP) launched an initiative called Healthy People 2020, a set of ...


We Are No Longer Invisible, Raquel M. Robvais Jan 2020

We Are No Longer Invisible, Raquel M. Robvais

Poroi

Sickle cell discourses are not merely descriptions of medical matters but contentious sites that invoke rhetorical arguments to support racialized medical borders, human difference, and ontological essentialism. In this essay, I examine in this essay is the way that those stricken by Sickle Cell Anemia appropriate the disease to advocate for their voice and visibility. I disclose how the construction of SCA as a black disease becomes a contested terrain which is often a “cultural centering on identity and dignity.” At odds is how the body is inscribed with a set of meanings in its association with blackness, the woeful ...


The Resilience Of Sensation In Urban Planning, Meredith A. Johnson, Nathan R. Johnson Jan 2020

The Resilience Of Sensation In Urban Planning, Meredith A. Johnson, Nathan R. Johnson

Poroi

This article examines how sensation and affect make different kinds of resilience meaningful to communities. Through a case study, we analyze public deliberation about a proposal to expand interstates in Tampa, Florida. We describe how evidence introduced by opposing sides foregrounded conflicting sensory experiences. The resulting sensoriums upheld different aspects of the city’s identity as worth maintaining. Drawing from recent scholarship defining resilience as something that can always be done otherwise, we suggest that resilience is better understood as entangled with public affect. We argue that a key point for rhetorical intervention in city planning is considering which futures ...


Wild Cosmopolitanism, Wily Oscillations In Artificial Neighborhoods, John M. Ackerman Jan 2020

Wild Cosmopolitanism, Wily Oscillations In Artificial Neighborhoods, John M. Ackerman

Poroi

No abstract provided.


“It’S Just A Cycle”: Resilience, Poetics, And Intimate Disruptions, Bridie Mcgreavy Jan 2020

“It’S Just A Cycle”: Resilience, Poetics, And Intimate Disruptions, Bridie Mcgreavy

Poroi

The phrase “It’s just a cycle” is commonly articulated in coastal resilience efforts and it also shapes broader public debates about climate change. Identifying the structure of arguments around cycles is a useful starting point for defining differences in perspective, but there is more to competing claims about cycles. It is this more that this essay aims to explore, starting with an opening example from an engaged rhetorical ethnographic project with Maine’s clam fishery. The example helps set up a methodological orientation to working with cycles within resilience-focused collaborations that draws from aesthetics and poetics. This approach aims ...


Introduction To Poroi 15.1: Special Issue On Resilience Rhetorics, David Depew Jan 2020

Introduction To Poroi 15.1: Special Issue On Resilience Rhetorics, David Depew

Poroi

No abstract provided.


Literacy And Democracy: Does A Causal Connection Exist?, Matt Wallack Jan 2020

Literacy And Democracy: Does A Causal Connection Exist?, Matt Wallack

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

This paper attempts to determine if a causal connection exists between majority literacy and the formation of a democracy in a particular polity. After defining terms, I discuss the logic of testing necessary and sufficient conditions. Case studies of two ancient polities (Athens and Syracuse) and two modern polities (India and Russia) are undertaken to determine whether majority literacy is a necessary and/or sufficient condition for democracy. I conclude that claims regarding the causal efficacy of literacy on democracy have been exaggerated.


What’S Deer To You?: Exploitation Of White-Tailed Deer From A Late Woodland River Valley Site, Kathryn Kuennen Jan 2020

What’S Deer To You?: Exploitation Of White-Tailed Deer From A Late Woodland River Valley Site, Kathryn Kuennen

Honors Theses at the University of Iowa

This study analyzes faunal remains recovered from Woodpecker Cave (13JH202), a Late Woodland rockshelter site located in southeast Iowa. Seven seasons of field school excavations at Woodpecker Cave resulted in over 24,000 faunal specimens. These faunal remains were sorted by element and assigned their appropriate genus and species. Care was also given to identify evidence of butchery, including cut marks and breakage morphology. Although over 30 species have been identified from Woodpecker Cave, the quantification analysis indicates that subsistence efforts were focused primarily on the hunting of white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus). A seasonality analysis of the site supports prior ...