Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

SelectedWorks

2011

Discipline
Keyword
Publication
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 979

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Daily Stock Market Movement From Oscillating Social Mood Factors, Cari Bourette Dec 2011

Daily Stock Market Movement From Oscillating Social Mood Factors, Cari Bourette

Cari Bourette

Since 2006, there has been ongoing research into the correlation of a set of oscillating mood factors and socioeconomic, geopolitical, and natural events with the goal of forecasting increased risks of destabilizing events. While promising results have been forthcoming, it has been difficult to present models that allowed those outside a small circle of specialists to participate. Between July 2007 and June 2010, weekly social mood projections, as published in monthly issues of MoodCompass, were used to develop a model to convert four oscillating mood factors into stock market expectations. This model was modified to generate signals of projected stock ...


¿Fracaso Unión Europea?, Guillermo Arosemena Dec 2011

¿Fracaso Unión Europea?, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development, Frede G. Moreno Dec 2011

Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development, Frede G. Moreno

Frede G Moreno

No abstract provided.


Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development, Frede G. Moreno, Susana Evangelista Leones Dec 2011

Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development, Frede G. Moreno, Susana Evangelista Leones

Frede G Moreno

Landownership problem and control of resources remains as a political development issue in the Philippines. Agrarian reform is a necessary condition for agricultural modernization and rural industrialization and the fundamental mooring for global competition. Agrarian Reform has contributed to improvement of the socio-economic conditions of landless farmers and political development of the Philippines in terms of engaging the landless in the process of policy making and distribution of large private landholdings to the landless. Modalities giving peasants a stake in society such as decisive role in agrarian legislations, engaging them in dialogue to resolve agrarian cases, presenting manifesto pinpointing their ...


Four Distinct Generations Of Workers Makes Leadership Challenging, Joyce K. Kutin Dec 2011

Four Distinct Generations Of Workers Makes Leadership Challenging, Joyce K. Kutin

Joyce K Kutin RN, MSN, MOL

The Bureau of Labor Statistics for the year 2000 stated that Baby Boomers (age thirty-six through fifty-four) represented fifty percent of the United States labor force while Generation X (age twenty to thirty-five) represented some thirty-three percent, a significant decline in workforce. This demographic, time bomb indicates the urgency for many organizations in developed countries to prepare for and cope with the imminent retirement of their aging workforce.


Personal Marketing And Career Management, Ashley Dupuy, Sarah Steiner Dec 2011

Personal Marketing And Career Management, Ashley Dupuy, Sarah Steiner

Ashley Dupuy

Covers networking, becoming involved in the library community, online identity and public speaking tips.


The Gift Of Difference, Effenus Henderson Dec 2011

The Gift Of Difference, Effenus Henderson

Effenus Henderson

A poem reflecting on how difference is a gift and leaders should learn to appreciate, value and respect that gift. In the end, leaders succeed or fail by how they behave towards difference.


Las Fiestas De Quito: ¿Integración O Conflicto?, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq. Dec 2011

Las Fiestas De Quito: ¿Integración O Conflicto?, Fernando Carrión Mena Arq.

Fernando Carrión Mena

Culminaron las fiestas de la ciudad y en el ambiente quedó flotando un sabor agridulce. Nunca antes en la historia de la celebración había estado tan presente la política, lo cual generó el fenómeno simultáneo de integración y separación, así como deterioró el sentido profundo de la fiesta. Para nadie es desconocido que la temporada taurina en América Latina nació cuando los empresarios españoles se dieron cuenta que el invierno europeo producía un receso en esa actividad económica y, por tanto, producía pérdidas de ingresos. Para contrarrestar esta situación se creó el circuito internacional del toreo, del que forman parte ...


Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development, Frede G. Moreno, Susana Evangelista Leones Dec 2011

Agrarian Reform And Philippine Political Development, Frede G. Moreno, Susana Evangelista Leones

Frede G Moreno

Landownership problem and control of resources remains as a political development issue in the Philippines. Agrarian reform is a necessary condition for agricultural modernization and rural industrialization and the fundamental mooring for global competition. Agrarian Reform has contributed to improvement of the socio-economic conditions of landless farmers and political development of the Philippines in terms of engaging the landless in the process of policy making and distribution of large private landholdings to the landless. Modalities giving peasants a stake in society such as decisive role in agrarian legislations, engaging them in dialogue to resolve agrarian cases, presenting manifesto pinpointing their ...


'Difficulties And Solutions Of Teaching Translation At Gaza Strip Universities 'Palestine', Mohammed H. M. Al Aqad Dec 2011

'Difficulties And Solutions Of Teaching Translation At Gaza Strip Universities 'Palestine', Mohammed H. M. Al Aqad

Mohammed H. M. Al Aqad

This article sheds light on the teaching translation problems that Gaza strip universities students face. none can deny the important role of translation in human communication around the world From ancient time up until now .Translation is the gateway for understanding and dealing with others and their civilizations , Majority of translation theorists consent that translation is realize as a communicate process from a foreign language to the mother tongue, so translation considered a unique linguistic device that have the very important task of conveying the sense of the text from one language to another language. This is what Newmark calls ...


Nuevos Ricos, Guillermo Arosemena Dec 2011

Nuevos Ricos, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


A Counterfactual Decomposition Analysis Of Immigrants-Natives Earnings In Malaysia. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2011-51, Muhammad Anees Dec 2011

A Counterfactual Decomposition Analysis Of Immigrants-Natives Earnings In Malaysia. Economics Discussion Papers, No 2011-51, Muhammad Anees

Muhammad Anees

Economics of discrimination has been the topic of interest of many in the last decade or two. Human capital theory describes wage determination as a function of labour human capital and should be determined based on marginal productivity theorem of labour economics. Islamic theology also dictates paying labour well in time and equal to their productivity not based on his colour, race, gender, nationality health status and other non-economic factors. The current study analyses the immigrants-natives wage gap to find the extent of potential discrimination against the immigrants. Using employees’ level data from the Enterprise Surveys by the World Bank ...


The Challenges Of Electoral Process Institutions Of The Zanzibar And Union Elections Of 1995, 2000 And 2005: Anything New With The Election Expenses Act, 2010?, Conrad John Masabo Mr. Dec 2011

The Challenges Of Electoral Process Institutions Of The Zanzibar And Union Elections Of 1995, 2000 And 2005: Anything New With The Election Expenses Act, 2010?, Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Conrad John Masabo Mr.

Though it is true that elections alone do not guarantee proper functioning of democracies, they are the most convenient means of effecting orderly political successions of office bearers. But for elections to become credible instruments to political succession its adherence to the rules of the game as well as procedures which had been agreed upon by players themselves. In that regard the constitutional and legal framework governing the electoral processes have been always central and among the fundamental issues during elections. They thus constitute most important decrees in setting conditions under which elections are conducted in a country. This paper ...


Desarrollo Cientifico Tecnologico Y Universidades, Jorge Gibert-Galassi Dec 2011

Desarrollo Cientifico Tecnologico Y Universidades, Jorge Gibert-Galassi

jorge gibert-galassi

The paper shows how scientific and technological activities are embodied at universities in emegent peripheric countries and regions.


La Construccion Social Del Cientifico, Jorge Gibert-Galassi Dec 2011

La Construccion Social Del Cientifico, Jorge Gibert-Galassi

jorge gibert-galassi

The interview-based paper describes structures and mechanisms which link market, State and the university, in order to explain, in principle, what a scientist is meant to be in Chile. By analysing four communities (astronomers, molecular biologists, sociologists, and communication scientists), it attempts to uncover the social and cultural reasons why there are these scientific communities with patent social and intellectual identity; latent but constituted identities, evolving; and communities in path-searching definable identity. Reinforcing a utilitarian historical relationship between university and society, and exacerbated by Neo-liberalism, these structures and mechanisms have been precipitated during the last 20 years. Finally, the paper ...


El Efecto De Las Leyes Electorales Sobre La Fragmentación Partidaria En Chile, 2004‐2008. Voto Estratégico, Barreras A La Entrada E Información., Sergio Y. Toro, Rafael Piñeiro, Mauricio Morales Dec 2011

El Efecto De Las Leyes Electorales Sobre La Fragmentación Partidaria En Chile, 2004‐2008. Voto Estratégico, Barreras A La Entrada E Información., Sergio Y. Toro, Rafael Piñeiro, Mauricio Morales

Sergio Y. Toro

Resumen Este artículo analiza los efectos de las fórmulas mayoritarias sobre el número efectivo de candidatos en las elecciones de Presidente (mayoría absoluta) y Alcalde (mayoría relativa) en Chile. Aunque teóricamente se esperaría una mayor fragmentación con el sistema de mayoría absoluta con dos vueltas, los autores demuestran que para el caso chileno se observa precisamente lo contrario. La fragmentación es mayor en el sistema de mayoría relativa. Esto se explica por los menores costos de entrada e información que existen para las elecciones de alcalde respecto a las presidenciales. Respaldamos esta hipótesis con un modelo estadístico en serie de ...


Proximity Rule And Matthew Effect In Coauthorships Of Iranian Medical Universities, Mahmood Khosrowjerdi, Mohammad Karim Bayat, Abbas Eslami, Marzieh Hajipoor, Neda Zeraatkar Dec 2011

Proximity Rule And Matthew Effect In Coauthorships Of Iranian Medical Universities, Mahmood Khosrowjerdi, Mohammad Karim Bayat, Abbas Eslami, Marzieh Hajipoor, Neda Zeraatkar

Mahmood Khosrowjerdi

One of the measures which used to calculate the scholarly collaboration of countries and organizations is co-authorship. Co-authorship is a process in which two or more authors/researchers collaborate with each other to create a joint work via collaboration channels and methods. Although many studies have been considered individual or domain co-authorships, but the organizational aspect of this type of collaboration has attracted less attention. Therefore, the aim of this study is to draw the organizational co-authorships among Iranian medical universities and to analyze the role of proximity and Matthew effect in this collaboration. Thus, 32 medical universities were selected ...


Eplaining The Performance Of Italian Exports During The Crisis: (Medium) Quality Matters, Claudio Vicarelli, Piero Esposito Dec 2011

Eplaining The Performance Of Italian Exports During The Crisis: (Medium) Quality Matters, Claudio Vicarelli, Piero Esposito

Claudio Vicarelli

A recent study argues that the contraction in total trade that occurred during the crisis was mainly driven by the fall in high quality goods, which should have higher income elasticity owing to a non-linear Engel curve. Our aims are, on the one hand, to test the quality Engel curve assumption for EU15 imports from Italy and, on the other hand, to ascertain whether a break in income elasticities – either temporary or permanent – occurred during the global financial crisis as a result of the changing preference for quality of consumers in the old EU member states. We test these hypotheses ...


Tamaño Ideal Del Estado, Guillermo Arosemena Dec 2011

Tamaño Ideal Del Estado, Guillermo Arosemena

Guillermo Arosemena

No abstract provided.


El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina Dec 2011

El Relato K: De Donde Viene Y Hacia Dónde Va, Augusto Reina, Máximo Reina

Augusto Reina

Luego de 8 años de gobierno, el kirchnerismo se apresta a cambiar la lógica de los ciclos políticos argentinos. Tres periodos consecutivos es algo que no pudo conseguir ningún espacio político en la historia argentina. Frente a esto, el análisis que adjuntamos comienza con una reconstrucción de los apoyos que obtuvo el gobierno en estos 8 años, identificando sus principales sostenes y cristalizando el relato de gobierno que mantuvo en los últimos años. Sostenemos que la consistencia con la cual el kirchnerismo ha logrado hilvanar diversas políticas dentro de un mismo relato es uno de los principales pilares de su ...


Book Review: Karen Alter, The European Court's Power Selected Essays, Arthur Dyevre Dec 2011

Book Review: Karen Alter, The European Court's Power Selected Essays, Arthur Dyevre

Arthur Dyevre

No abstract provided.


Growing Apart? Ethno-Regional Identity Politics, Tensions And Threats To The Nigerian State, 1960-2010, Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji Dec 2011

Growing Apart? Ethno-Regional Identity Politics, Tensions And Threats To The Nigerian State, 1960-2010, Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji

Ali Simon Yusufu Bagaji

The notion of democracy, the motive behind party formation, ethno-regional spread of parties, voting behaviour and pattern of electoral results, and pre and post election crises among other fissiparous tendencies are all indications that Nigeria is a highly divided society. This article examines manifestation of ethno-regional identity politics, and how identity has re-focused political participation, struggles and conflicts in the Nigerian federation. It concludes that despite institutionalisation of measures aimed at preventing the use of any form of divisive identity in the Nigerian body politic. Nigeria, after over fifty years of state-building and political engineering, appears to be growing apart.


Warfare, Taxation, And Political Change: Evidence From The Italian Risorgimento, Mark Dincecco, Giovanni Federico, Andrea Vindigni Dec 2011

Warfare, Taxation, And Political Change: Evidence From The Italian Risorgimento, Mark Dincecco, Giovanni Federico, Andrea Vindigni

Andrea Vindigni

We examine the relationships between warfare, taxation, and political change in the context of the political unification of the Italian peninsula. Using a comprehensive new database, we argue that external and internal threat environments had significant implications for the demand for military strength, which in turn had important ramifications for fiscal policy and the likelihood of constitutional reform and related improvements in the provision of non-military public services. Our analytic narrative complements recent theoretical and econometric works about state capacity. By emphasizing public finances, we also uncover novel insights about the forces underlying state formation in Italy.


The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes Dec 2011

The Oecd And Phases In The International Political Economy, 1961-2011, Judith Clifton, Daniel Díaz-Fuentes

Judith Clifton

In 2011, the OECD turned fifty. To provide a broad foundation for further thinking on this organization, we analyse its evolution over half a century from two perspectives: phases in the international political economy and the literature on IPE. By so doing, we uncover two paradoxes. Firstly, we find that the organization’s evolution closely mirrored major phases in the postwar international political economy until recently. However, the OECD’s long-term dependence on theWest has now become an obstacle to its efforts to adapt to the latest phase, characterised by the rise of non-Western powers. Secondly, we show that, during ...


‘The More You Put Into It, The More You Get Out Of It:’ The Development Of The General Member, Larry D. Long, Alex Snowden Dec 2011

‘The More You Put Into It, The More You Get Out Of It:’ The Development Of The General Member, Larry D. Long, Alex Snowden

Larry D. Long

A presentation on the experience and growth of fraternity and sorority members who hold and do not hold a position of responsibility in their organization.


Study On The Anti-Competitive Enforcement Of Intellectual Property Rights: Sham Litigation, Lucia Helena Salgado, Denis B. Barbosa, Graziela F. Zucoloto Dec 2011

Study On The Anti-Competitive Enforcement Of Intellectual Property Rights: Sham Litigation, Lucia Helena Salgado, Denis B. Barbosa, Graziela F. Zucoloto

Lucia Helena Salgado

1. The objective of this study was to trace a worldwide frame of the current state of the anticompetitive use of judicial actions in defense of intellectual property, also known as Sham Litigation. Sham litigation has been object of controversy, as it opposes connects the exercise of allegedly legitimate rights to the idea of abuse on its uses, meaning (in economic terms) a strategic use with the objective of harming or excluding a rival from the market. A good and pioneer possible tentative definition for sham litigation in on a strict economic perspective is a predatory or fraudulent litigation with ...


Socio-Statistical Research On The Internalization Of European Administrative Space Principles In The Romanian Public Administration, Ani Matei Dec 2011

Socio-Statistical Research On The Internalization Of European Administrative Space Principles In The Romanian Public Administration, Ani Matei

Lucica Matei

The authors propose an analysis of the public administration reform in Romania by assessing whether the Romanian civil servants perform their duties according to the regulations of the European Administrative Space.

The paper offers a socio-statistic perspective on the internalization of the European Administrative Space principles, namely, the rule of law, openness towards citizens, and public administration responsibility in a Romanian context, after the European Union accession. Designed within the framework of modern theories of organizational sociology that see internalization as a process of organizational learning and change, and using a relevant sample of Romanian civil servants, the paper offers ...


Secondary Markets: The Quiet Economic Value Creator, John Mayo, Scott J. Wallsten Dec 2011

Secondary Markets: The Quiet Economic Value Creator, John Mayo, Scott J. Wallsten

Scott J. Wallsten

No abstract provided.


Information Sharing Under Mixed Cooperative And Competitive Reward Structures, Shahla Ghobadi Dr Dec 2011

Information Sharing Under Mixed Cooperative And Competitive Reward Structures, Shahla Ghobadi Dr

shahla ghobadi Dr

With regard to the increased application of team-based organizational structures, great attention has been devoted to research on work groups. A growing body of literature indicates the crucial role of cooperative or competitive reward structures in determining information sharing patterns, and in turn group performance. The real situations are, however, a mixture of cooperative and competitive- coopetitive- reward structures in different intensities and mix. This study aims to provide a better understanding of coopetitive structures and their impact on group interactions. More specifically, this study investigates how two types of coopetitive reward structures (dominant cooperative and dominant competitive reward structures ...


Designing Carbon Taxation Schemes For Automobiles: A Simulation Exercise For Germany, Adamos Adamou, Sofronis Clerides, Theodoros Zachariadis Dec 2011

Designing Carbon Taxation Schemes For Automobiles: A Simulation Exercise For Germany, Adamos Adamou, Sofronis Clerides, Theodoros Zachariadis

Theodoros Zachariadis

Vehicle taxation based on CO2 emissions is increasingly being adopted worldwide in order to shift consumer purchases to low-carbon cars, yet little is known about the effectiveness and overall economic impact of these schemes. We focus on feebate schemes, which impose a fee on high-carbon vehicles and give a rebate to purchasers of low-carbon automobiles. We estimate a discrete choice model of demand for automobiles in Germany and simulate the impact of alternative feebate schemes on emissions, consumer welfare, public revenues and firm profits. The analysis shows that a well-designed scheme can lead to emission reductions without reducing overall welfare.