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SelectedWorks

1994

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Articles 1 - 30 of 41

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Technology On The Factory Floor Ii: Benchmarking Manufacturing Technology Use In The Usa, Paul Swamidass Dec 1994

Technology On The Factory Floor Ii: Benchmarking Manufacturing Technology Use In The Usa, Paul Swamidass

Paul Swamidass

This monograph is the result of the second joint effort of the Manufacturing Institute of the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) and the author for studying the use of fifteen different manufacturing technologies in the US. Timely support by the National Science Foundation enabled this second study to be expanded to a larger number of participants. A total of 1,121 members of NAM participated in this study. Hard technologies studied were: AGV, CAD, CAM, CIM, CNC, FMS, LAN, Robotics and automated inspection, and soft technologies studied were: TQM, JIT, SQC, MRP, MRP II, and manufacturing cells.

Selected findings are ...


De La Violencia Urbana A La Convivencia Ciudadana, Fernando Carrión Mena Dec 1994

De La Violencia Urbana A La Convivencia Ciudadana, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

No SE PUEDE DESCONOCER QUE EL problema de la violencia delincuencial, como fenómeno social que tiene expresión en las ciudades, existe desde tiempos inmemoriales y que, por tanto, no es nuevo, al grado que se podría decir que es consustancial a la ciudad. Tal afirmación nos debe llevar a replantear la tradicional aproximación que se ha hecho al tema ya lo urbano, desde aquellas metodologías que los interpretan como resultado de un conjunto de patologías.

Por ello quizá sería mejor reconocer a la ciudad como un escenario de relaciones sociales. Así, la violencia urbana aparecería menos como «un problema y ...


Use Today's Technology To Improve Customer Contact, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr Dec 1994

Use Today's Technology To Improve Customer Contact, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr

Douglas J. Swanson, Ed.D APR

No abstract provided.


La Violencia Urbana, Fernando Carrión Mena Nov 1994

La Violencia Urbana, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El predominio de la población urbana (58%), el incremento del número de ciudades (196 municipios) y la generalización de la urbanización en el territorio nacional, llevan a concluir que el Ecuador se ha convertido en un país de ciudades. Esta realidad trae nuevos problemas, entre los cuales se debe mencionar el incremento significativo de la violencia delictiva urbana.

La crisis económica y las políticas implantadas, generalizan la inseguridad social y económica, y contribuyen a reducir los mecanismos de representación, a limitar los espacios de solución de los conflictos, a mercantilizar las relaciones sociales y a restringir las manifestaciones culturales, propias ...


Donohue Senate Testimony On Job Corps 1994, John J. Donohue Sep 1994

Donohue Senate Testimony On Job Corps 1994, John J. Donohue

John Donohue

Testimony of John J. Donohue III, Class of 1967 James B. Haddad Professor of Law, North-western University and Research Fellow, American Bar Foundation, before the Senate Labor Committee.


Experiencias De Descentralización Y Regionalización En América Latina: Análisi Compartido, Fernando Carrión Mena Sep 1994

Experiencias De Descentralización Y Regionalización En América Latina: Análisi Compartido, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

El 10 de Agosto de 1992 ocurre un hecho inédito en la historia nacional: Sixto Durán Ballén, ex alcalde de Quito, asume la presidencia de la República; León Febres Cordero, ex Presidente Constitucional se convierte en alcalde de Guayaquil y Jamil Mahuad, ex-candidato presidencial, llega a la alcaldía de Quito. Pero llama aún más la atención, si se observa que en estas tres elecciones hubo una polarización evidente y que cada una de las autoridades proviene de tres partidos políticos distintos.

Pero también América Latina presenta el hecho político novedoso e interesante que algunos candidatos presidenciales surgen de administraciones municipales ...


Reaching Entrepreneurs Where They Live And Work: A Communication And Marketing Strategy For The Oklahoma Home-Based Business Association, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr Sep 1994

Reaching Entrepreneurs Where They Live And Work: A Communication And Marketing Strategy For The Oklahoma Home-Based Business Association, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr

Douglas J. Swanson, Ed.D APR

SEE MANUSCRIPT


Las Ciudades Intermedias En El Contexto De La Urbanización Ecuatoriana: Un Intento De Interpretación, Fernando Carrión Mena Sep 1994

Las Ciudades Intermedias En El Contexto De La Urbanización Ecuatoriana: Un Intento De Interpretación, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Las ciudades intermedias en el contexto de la urbanización ecuatoriana: un intento de Interpretación

En América Latina las tendencias generales que acompañan al proceso de urbanización -en tanto expresión fenoménica final- han sido extensamente debatidas y, hasta cierto punto, consideras como un "lugar común": creciente concentración urbana en uno o dos centros mayores, detrimento de la significación de las ciudades intermedias y pequeñas, y profundización de los desequilibrios interregionales. A pesar de ello, el énfasis general, tanto de la investigación como de las acciones de política -en coincidencia con el movimiento aparente?- se ha dirigido hacia las principales ciudades, adoptando ...


'Once-Off' And Continuing Gains From Trade, M. Scott Taylor Aug 1994

'Once-Off' And Continuing Gains From Trade, M. Scott Taylor

M. Scott Taylor

Most Economists are familiar with the static or once-off welfare gains created by opening an economy to trade. Much less is known about how the resource reallocations necessitated by this move affect long-run growth, and hence whether they provide dynamic or continuing welfare gains in future periods. This paper employs a dynamic Ricardian trade model to provide a decomposition of the gains from trade into "once-off" and continuing categories. In one version of the model, trade is always welfare enhancing; in the other, "once-off" losses may occur alongside dynamic gains. In both versions the magnitude of the once-off and continuing ...


North-South Trade And The Environment, M. Scott Taylor, Brian A. Copeland Aug 1994

North-South Trade And The Environment, M. Scott Taylor, Brian A. Copeland

M. Scott Taylor

A simple static model of North-South trade is developed to examine linkages between national income, pollution, and international trade. Two countries produce a continuum of goods, each differing in pollution intensity. We show that the higher income country chooses stronger environmental protection, and specializes in relatively clean goods. By isolating the scale, composition, and technique effects of international trade on pollution, we show that free trade increases world pollution; an increase in the Rich North's production possibilities increases pollution, while similar growth in the poor South lowers pollution; and unilateral transfers from North to South reduce worldwide pollution.


La Gestión Urbana: Estrategías, Dilemas Y Retos, Fernando Carrión Mena Jul 1994

La Gestión Urbana: Estrategías, Dilemas Y Retos, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Con este trabajo se trata de aportar al conocimiento de la ciudad desde un claro énfasis en la gestión y planificación urbanas. La reflexión proviene desde la interna de un proceso particular de gestión-planificación municipal, como copartícipe del mismo. Esto, si bien tiene su propia riqueza, no es menos cierto que carece de la distancia tan necesaria para la objetividad. También es una reflexión en estado preliminar que no compromete a la Institución; es un trabajo personal en proceso de elaboración, sobre la base de una experiencia colectiva; no es propiamente la experiencia, sino reflexiones a partir de la misma ...


Guarding Your Company's Intellectual Property Rights: Patents, Trademarks, And Copyright Protection, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr Jul 1994

Guarding Your Company's Intellectual Property Rights: Patents, Trademarks, And Copyright Protection, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr

Douglas J. Swanson, Ed.D APR

No abstract provided.


Trips, Trade, And Growth, M. Scott Taylor May 1994

Trips, Trade, And Growth, M. Scott Taylor

M. Scott Taylor

A two country model of endogenous growth is employed to assess the importance of intellectual property rights to trade, growth and technology transfer. The paper provides theoretical results linking the intellectual property rights regime to trade patterns, aggregate R&D, worldwide growth, and aggregate welfare measures. Failure to provide patent protection for foreign made innovations forces innovators to employ less than the best practice research technologies, reduces aggregate R&D activities worldwide, effectively eliminates technology transfer across countries, and reduces worldwide growth.


Judicial Legitimacy: An Interpretation As A Repeated Game, Eric Bennett Rasmusen Apr 1994

Judicial Legitimacy: An Interpretation As A Repeated Game, Eric Bennett Rasmusen

Eric Bennett Rasmusen

If society wishes to maintain an independent judiciary, it faces the problem of how to restrain judges from indulging their personal whims. One restraint is the desire of judges to influence future judges. To do so, they may have to maintain their own or the system's legitimacy by restraining their own behavior. This situation is usefully viewed as an equilibrium of an infinitely repeated game.


Cheap Bribes And The Corruption Ban: A Coordination Game Among Rational Legislators, Eric Bennett Rasmusen, J. Mark Ramseyer Apr 1994

Cheap Bribes And The Corruption Ban: A Coordination Game Among Rational Legislators, Eric Bennett Rasmusen, J. Mark Ramseyer

Eric Bennett Rasmusen

Legislators in modern democracies (a) accept bribes that are small compared to value of the statutes they pass and (b) allow bans against bribery to be enforced. In our model of bribery, rational legislators accept bribes smaller not only than the benefit the briber receives but than the costs the legislators incur in accepting the bribes. Rather than risk this outcome, the legislators may be willing to suppress bribery altogether. The size of legislatures, the quality of voter information, the nature of party organization, and the structure of committees will all influence the frequency and size of bribes.


Ex Parte Letter In Fcc Notice Of Proposed Rules On Consumer Electronics Compatibility, Ron D. Katznelson Mar 1994

Ex Parte Letter In Fcc Notice Of Proposed Rules On Consumer Electronics Compatibility, Ron D. Katznelson

Ron D. Katznelson

No abstract provided.


Violencia Urbana E Inseguridad Ciudadana. Ecuador, Fernando Carrión Mena Mar 1994

Violencia Urbana E Inseguridad Ciudadana. Ecuador, Fernando Carrión Mena

Fernando Carrión Mena

Las encuestas que se vienen haciendo en algunas ciudades, establecen que una de las demandas fundamentales de la población, es la seguridad. En Quito, que supuestamente es una ciudad pacífica (se define como «ciudad franciscana»), justamente una encuesta que se terminó este mes, determinó que la principal reivindicación de la población con un porcentaje alrededor de un 20.2%, es la seguridad ciudadana. En segundo lugar estaba el costo de vida y en el tercero el agua potable. Según las encuestas que hemos visto en América Latina, la demanda por seguridad es la más significativa y creciente.

Un segundo aspecto ...


Reply Comments To Fcc Notice Of Proposed Rules On Consumer Electronics Compatibility, Ron D. Katznelson Feb 1994

Reply Comments To Fcc Notice Of Proposed Rules On Consumer Electronics Compatibility, Ron D. Katznelson

Ron D. Katznelson

No abstract provided.


A Memorable Meeting, February 1994, Fathi Habashi Feb 1994

A Memorable Meeting, February 1994, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Decision taken at the Steering Committee Meeting of the International Mineral Processing Congress in San Francisco February 1994 to name the IMPC Award.


Home-Based Business Owners: A Market Worth Pursuing, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr Feb 1994

Home-Based Business Owners: A Market Worth Pursuing, Douglas J. Swanson Ed.D Apr

Douglas J. Swanson, Ed.D APR

No abstract provided.


Comments Submitted To Fcc Notice Of Proposed Rules On Consumer Electronics Compatibility, Ron D. Katznelson Jan 1994

Comments Submitted To Fcc Notice Of Proposed Rules On Consumer Electronics Compatibility, Ron D. Katznelson

Ron D. Katznelson

No abstract provided.


Black Women Managers And Participatory Action Research, Gloria Gordon Phd Jan 1994

Black Women Managers And Participatory Action Research, Gloria Gordon Phd

Gloria Gordon PhD

This paper informs on the work of an action research group set up to investigate the status and experiences of black women managers within an organisational context in the UK. It relates how the group rapidly becomes a ‘participatory’ action research group when it is recognised that the black women managers share the common perception that theirs’ is an experience of oppression and potential powerlessness in their organisational setting. Empowerment results as common experiences shared are identified also the immediate and longer term steps being taken towards their ‘emancipation’.


From An “Ultra Democrat” To An “Ultra Aristocrat”: Bentham Tracts In The Adams Collection, Quincy, Massachusetts, James E. Crimmins Jan 1994

From An “Ultra Democrat” To An “Ultra Aristocrat”: Bentham Tracts In The Adams Collection, Quincy, Massachusetts, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Bentham’S Political Radicalism Reexamined, James E. Crimmins Jan 1994

Bentham’S Political Radicalism Reexamined, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

Jeremy Bentham is a central figure in Elie Halevy's account of the transitional phase in the usage of the term "radical" and the form of politics it signified in the late 1700s and early 1800s, but a complete account of the "radical" nature of Bentham's thought would have to begin when he first developed the philosophical principles of his system in the 1770s. Bentham's political radicalism is examined.


Liberty And Tolerance, Raphael Cohen-Almagor Jan 1994

Liberty And Tolerance, Raphael Cohen-Almagor

raphael cohen-almagor

The underlying presupposition of the concept of freedom is that the doers are autonomous to assert themselves, to make critical reflections, and to lead their lives independently. A person whose autonomy is absent is said to be unfree. Thus, it has been argued that whatever we think ought to be included in what passes for a liberal view, the affirmation of a picture of individual political autonomy, and institutionalized tolerance for that autonomy, cannot be left out. Here I wish to expand on the relationships between liberty and autonomy.


In Search Of A Monetary Anchor: A "New" Monetary Standard, Warren Coats Jan 1994

In Search Of A Monetary Anchor: A "New" Monetary Standard, Warren Coats

Warren Coats

This discussion of monetary rules generalizes "commodity" standard/currency board rules in a new way to target the CPI.


Instrumental Strategy Or Symbolic Realignment: A Rhetoric Analysis Of One Document Of "Popular Front Of Liberation Of Palestine", Weider Shu Jan 1994

Instrumental Strategy Or Symbolic Realignment: A Rhetoric Analysis Of One Document Of "Popular Front Of Liberation Of Palestine", Weider Shu

Weider Shu

There are two different theories about the nature of rhetoric: instrumental strategy and symbolic realignment. The former perspective assumes the existence of "rationality" and focuses on whether the rhetoric adopted by the specific individual or organization is a right means to achieve a distinctive end. The latter approach addresses the nature of "non-negotiable demands" and focuses on the essential meaning of rhetoric itself. To resolve the argument between these two theories, I explore the intrinsic property of revolutionary rhetoric through examining one document of the "Popular Front for Liberation of Palestine." After reviewing the context, critical events, actors, and key ...


Economies And Polities In Aztec-Period Morelos: Ethnohistoric Introduction, Michael E. Smith Jan 1994

Economies And Polities In Aztec-Period Morelos: Ethnohistoric Introduction, Michael E. Smith

Michael E Smith

No abstract provided.


Jona Oder Die Kunst, Unrecht Haben Zu Können. Überlegungen Zur Hermeneutischen Praxis, Michael H.G. Hoffmann Jan 1994

Jona Oder Die Kunst, Unrecht Haben Zu Können. Überlegungen Zur Hermeneutischen Praxis, Michael H.G. Hoffmann

Michael H.G. Hoffmann

No abstract provided.


Democracia, Corporativismo E Pacto Social, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr. Jan 1994

Democracia, Corporativismo E Pacto Social, Eduardo Meira Zauli Dr.

Eduardo Meira Zauli

No abstract provided.