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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Killer Idea: How Some Gunslinging Anarchists Held Freedom Of Speech At Gunpoint, Gert A. Van Vugt Msc Nov 2013

The Killer Idea: How Some Gunslinging Anarchists Held Freedom Of Speech At Gunpoint, Gert A. Van Vugt Msc

Gert A van Vugt MSc

In May 2013, the first all-plastic, 3D printed gun was fired. This paper offers a detailed description of the origins and development of the printable gun. It elucidates the transformation of the principal narrative in the increasing media coverage from circumventing arms regulation to defending free speech, highlighting the role of Defense Distributed and their strategic framing of the printable gun. Finally, the uptake of the latter narrative by early popular and scholarly contributions is discussed. The paper highlights the political impact of narrative formation in debates about regulating 3D printing and the communication of printable designs, and suggests an ...


Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz Aug 2013

Voice Without Say: Why Capital-Managed Firms Aren’T (Genuinely) Participatory, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Why are most capitalist enterprises of any size organized as authoritarian bureaucracies rather than incorporating genuine employee participation that would give the workers real authority? Even firms with employee participation programs leave virtually all decision-making power in the hands of management. The standard answer is that hierarchy is more economically efficient than any sort of genuine participation, so that participatory firms would be less productive and lose out to more traditional competitors. This answer is indefensible. After surveying the history, legal status, and varieties of employee participation, I examine and reject as question-begging the argument that the rarity of genuine ...


A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz Jun 2013

A Theory Without A Movement, A Hope Without A Name: The Future Of Marxism In A Post-Marxist World, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Just as Marx's insights into capitalism have been most strikingly vindicated by the rise of neoliberalism and the near-collapse of the world economy, Marxism as social movement has become bereft of support. Is there any point in people who find Marx's analysis useful in clinging to the term "Marxism" - which Marx himself rejected -- at time when self-identified Marxist organizations and societies have collapsed or renounced the identification, and Marxism own working class constituency rejects the term? I set aside bad reasons to give on "Marxism," such as that the theory is purportedly refuted, that its adoption leads necessarily ...


Globalization's Shift In Accountability: Textile Suppliers And Merchants In 18th And 21st Century Bangladesh, Margaret Jennings May 2013

Globalization's Shift In Accountability: Textile Suppliers And Merchants In 18th And 21st Century Bangladesh, Margaret Jennings

jenningsmargaret@icloud.com

The British East India Company in the 18th century and Wal-Mart in the 21st century share synonymous business practices: the exchange between a less developed nation's unlimited labor force and a developed country's insatiable appetite for cheap garments. By contrasting two events of corruption charges, the Warren Hastings' Trial of the Century and the Tazreen Factory Fire of 2012 illustrate how the accountability of the exchange between the merchant and the suppliers has shifted.


Rethinking Crises And The Accretion Of Executive Power: The "War On Terror" And Conditionality Evidence From Seven Political Systems, Riccardo Pelizzo, John E. Owens Jan 2013

Rethinking Crises And The Accretion Of Executive Power: The "War On Terror" And Conditionality Evidence From Seven Political Systems, Riccardo Pelizzo, John E. Owens

riccardo pelizzo

External shocks to democratic systems are likely to threaten the stability of relations between the executive and the representative assembly. This article investigates the impact of the so-called “war on terror” on executive-assembly relations in comparative perspective. We analyze data from seven countries, which varied in terms of form of government, level of democracy, culture, social structure, and geographic location, to evaluate its effects. We find that whereas in some systems the “war on terror” altered the balance of power between the executive and the assembly, in other cases the extant balance of power was preserved. We postulate various conditions ...


Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz Jan 2013

Neoliberalism And The Law Reassessing Historical Materialist Analysis Of The Law For The 21st Century, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Historical materialism has been called in question by the triumph of neoliberalism and the fall of Communism. I show, by consideration of two examples, the 2008 crisis and recent Supreme Court campaign spending First Amendment jurisprudence, that neoliberalism instead vindicates the explanatory power of (non-mechanical and non-deterministic) historical materialism in accounting for a wide range of recent legal developments in legislation, executive (in)action, and judicial decision-making.


Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz Jan 2013

Neoliberalism And The Law: How Historical Materialism Can Illuminate Recent Governmental And Judicial Decision Making, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Neoliberalism can be understood as the deregulation of the economy from political control by deliberate action or inaction of the state. As such it is both constituted by the law and deeply affects it. I show how the methods of historical materialism can illuminate this phenomenon in all three branches of the the U.S. government. Considering the example the global financial crisis of 2007-08 that began with the housing bubble developing from trade in unregulated and overvalued mortgage backed securities, I show how the repeal of the Glass-Steagall Act, which established a firewall between commercial and investment banking, allowed ...


Wie Doet Wat? Over De Rede Van David Cameron En De Verdeling Van Bevoegdheden Tussen De Europese Unie En De Lidstaten, Jan M. Smits Jan 2013

Wie Doet Wat? Over De Rede Van David Cameron En De Verdeling Van Bevoegdheden Tussen De Europese Unie En De Lidstaten, Jan M. Smits

Jan M Smits

De verdeling van bevoegdheden tussen de Europese Unie en de lidstaten staat sterk in de belangstelling. In deze bijdrage wordt ingegaan op de vraag of meer te zeggen valt over wie wat moet doen in Europa. Onderzocht wordt welke bijdrage juristen, economen en politicologen tot nu toe aan dit debat hebben geleverd. Vervolgens wordt een aanzet gedaan voor de ontwikkeling van een kader dat kan helpen om de vraag naar de optimale bevoegdheidsverdeling te beantwoorden.


Utilitarianism, James E. Crimmins Dr Jan 2013

Utilitarianism, James E. Crimmins Dr

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Auto-Icon, James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

Auto-Icon, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


John Hill Burton (1809-81), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

John Hill Burton (1809-81), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Edgar Frederick Carritt (1867-1964), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

Edgar Frederick Carritt (1867-1964), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Thomas Cooper (1759-1839), James E. Crimmins, Stephen L. Newman Jan 2013

Thomas Cooper (1759-1839), James E. Crimmins, Stephen L. Newman

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Alfred Cyril Ewing (1899-1973), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

Alfred Cyril Ewing (1899-1973), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Thomas Fowler (1832-1904), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

Thomas Fowler (1832-1904), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


William Johnson Fox (1786-1864), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

William Johnson Fox (1786-1864), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Anthony Hammond (1758-1838), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

Anthony Hammond (1758-1838), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


John Gay (1699-1745), James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

John Gay (1699-1745), James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Penelope Frederica Fitzgerald (1820/21-1900), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

Penelope Frederica Fitzgerald (1820/21-1900), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Henry Roy Forbes Harrod (1900-78), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

Henry Roy Forbes Harrod (1900-78), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


David Hoffman (1784–1854), James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

David Hoffman (1784–1854), James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


John Codman Hurd (1816–92), James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

John Codman Hurd (1816–92), James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Bernard Mandeville (1670–1733), James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

Bernard Mandeville (1670–1733), James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Panopticon, James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

Panopticon, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


John Neal (1793–1876), James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

John Neal (1793–1876), James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Arthur Cecil Pigou (1877–1959), James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

Arthur Cecil Pigou (1877–1959), James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


William Paley (1743–1805), James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

William Paley (1743–1805), James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Harold Arthur Prichard (1871–1947), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo Jan 2013

Harold Arthur Prichard (1871–1947), James E. Crimmins, George Hamzo

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Papal Index, James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

Papal Index, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.


Punishment, James E. Crimmins Jan 2013

Punishment, James E. Crimmins

James E Crimmins

No abstract provided.