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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Selected Works

2004

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Articles 1 - 30 of 664

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Using Existing Resources To Enhance Blackboard Courses: Copyright And Access Issues, Melissa Koenig, Heather Jagman Jun 2015

Using Existing Resources To Enhance Blackboard Courses: Copyright And Access Issues, Melissa Koenig, Heather Jagman

Heather Jagman

No abstract provided.


Stepchildren’S Perceptions Of The Contradictions In Communication With Stepparents, Leslie Baxter, Dawn Braithwaite, Leah Bryant, A. Wagner Aug 2014

Stepchildren’S Perceptions Of The Contradictions In Communication With Stepparents, Leslie Baxter, Dawn Braithwaite, Leah Bryant, A. Wagner

Dawn O. Braithwaite

This interpretive study, framed in relational dialectics theory, sought to identify stepchildren’s perceptions of the contradictions that animate communication with the stepparent in their household of primary residence. In-depth interviews were conducted, producing 802 pages of double-spaced interview transcripts, which were analyzed inductively for commonly experienced contradictions of stepchild–stepparent communication. Three underlying contradictions were identified. First, stepchild–stepparent communication was perceived to be characterized by a dialectic of integration, characterized by both closeness and distance. Second, stepchild–stepparent communication was perceived to be characterized by a dialectic of parental status, in which the stepparent was, and was not ...


Mental Health And Employment Transitions, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm Jan 2013

Mental Health And Employment Transitions, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm

Roland Sturm

No abstract provided.


Does Relative Deprivation Predict The Need For Mental Health Services?, Christine Eibner, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm Jan 2013

Does Relative Deprivation Predict The Need For Mental Health Services?, Christine Eibner, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm

Roland Sturm

No abstract provided.


Informatics In Health Care, David Scott, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Informatics In Health Care, David Scott, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

Introduction to Health Care Delivery: A Primer for Pharmacists, Third Edition, offers a current and comprehensive picture of the U.S. health care delivery system while emphasizing the perspective of the pharmacy profession. Each chapter in the new edition of this practical text begins with a real-world case study that demonstrates the connection between the concepts reviewed and the pharmacist's role.


An Overview Of Issues In Prevention, Integration With Primary Care, And Parity, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Kevin Hennessey Oct 2011

An Overview Of Issues In Prevention, Integration With Primary Care, And Parity, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Kevin Hennessey

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

No abstract provided.


Strain Experienced By Caregivers Of Dementia Patients Receiving Palliative Care: Findings From The Palliative Excellence In Alzheimer’S Care Efforts (Peace) Program, Sadhna Diwan, Gavin W. Hougham, Greg A. Sachs Dec 2004

Strain Experienced By Caregivers Of Dementia Patients Receiving Palliative Care: Findings From The Palliative Excellence In Alzheimer’S Care Efforts (Peace) Program, Sadhna Diwan, Gavin W. Hougham, Greg A. Sachs

Sadhna Diwan

Programs that provide palliative care to individuals with dementia, which is a progressive terminal illness, are likely to encounter different issues (e.g., management of problem behaviors, caregiver strain extending over years) from those typically addressed by hospice programs. Little research is available on palliative care for individuals with dementia who live in the community.This study examines predictors of types of strain experienced by caregivers of community-dwelling patients with dementia enrolled in a unique demonstration program titled Palliative Excellence in Alzheimer Care Efforts (PEACE), which moved palliative care"upstream," integrating palliative care into the primary care of patients with ...


Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson Dec 2004

Beyond The Federation Of Fear: Regional Responses To Undocumented Migration, R. Ferguson

R. James Ferguson

A compilation of many of the papers presented at the PIPSA conference on the theme Pacific Islands security : old challenges, new threats.


"We Did It For The Kids," Housing Policies, Race, And Class: An Ethnographic Case Study Of A Resident Council In A Public Housing Neighborhood, Tiffany Gayle Chenault Dec 2004

"We Did It For The Kids," Housing Policies, Race, And Class: An Ethnographic Case Study Of A Resident Council In A Public Housing Neighborhood, Tiffany Gayle Chenault

Tiffany Chenault

The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) emphasizes the word "community" for building economic development, citizen participations, and revitalization of facilities and services in urban and rural areas. Resident Councils are one way to develop and build community among residents of public housing. This is a study of a resident council's role of community building. Despite HUD stressing community building in public housing and investing money and policies around it, there are some resident councils that are not fulfilling the expectations of HUD. The purpose of this research is to describe and explain the disjunctions between HUD's ...


Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sfx But Were Afraid To Ask, Wendy C. Robertson, Paul A. Soderdahl Dec 2004

Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sfx But Were Afraid To Ask, Wendy C. Robertson, Paul A. Soderdahl

Paul A Soderdahl

Link resolvers, including Ex Libris’ SFX, use OpenURL to provide library patrons with context-sensitive links, such as the ability to move quickly from a citation in an abstracting and indexing database to the full text. In SFX, information for determining the appropriate links is maintained in the knowledge base, which contains details about a library’s electronic holdings and other information about electronic information resources. This article describes SFX functionality, what the service looks like from a patron’s point of view, and how it can be of particular assistance to a serials librarian.


Why Experimental Finance?, Shyam Sunder Dec 2004

Why Experimental Finance?, Shyam Sunder

Shyam Sunder

No abstract provided.


Religious Sectarianism: Lessons To Be Learnt From Pakistan, Vikas Kumar Dec 2004

Religious Sectarianism: Lessons To Be Learnt From Pakistan, Vikas Kumar

Vikas Kumar

No abstract provided.


Earth Movers, Marion Lloyd Dec 2004

Earth Movers, Marion Lloyd

Marion Lloyd

For much of the last half century, archaeologists viewed the South American rain forest as a "counterfeit paradise," a region whose inhospitable environment precluded the development of complex societies. But new research suggests that prehistoric man found ways to overcome the jungle's natural limitations -- and to thrive in this environment in large numbers.


Does Relative Deprivation Predict The Need For Mental Health Services?, Christine Eibner, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm Nov 2004

Does Relative Deprivation Predict The Need For Mental Health Services?, Christine Eibner, Carole Gresenz, Roland Sturm

Carole Roan Gresenz

No abstract provided.


Journalism Ethics In Wartime, Erik Ugland, Karen Slattery Nov 2004

Journalism Ethics In Wartime, Erik Ugland, Karen Slattery

Erik Ugland

No abstract provided.


Self Efficacy, Alcohol Expectancy And Problem-Solvingappraisal As Predictors Of Alcohol Use In College Students, Nancy Taylor, Michael Biscaro, Karen Broer Nov 2004

Self Efficacy, Alcohol Expectancy And Problem-Solvingappraisal As Predictors Of Alcohol Use In College Students, Nancy Taylor, Michael Biscaro, Karen Broer

Nancy P. Taylor

This study updated that of Broer 1996 and re-examined self-efficacy, alcohol expectancy and problem-solving appraisal as predictors of alcohol use in undergraduate college students. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that alcohol expectancy of Global Positive Changes and gender were significant predictors for both number of drinks and binge episodes.


Investing In Peace And Security In Africa: The Case Of Ecowas Emmanuel Kwesi Aning, Emmanuel Aning Nov 2004

Investing In Peace And Security In Africa: The Case Of Ecowas Emmanuel Kwesi Aning, Emmanuel Aning

Emmanuel Kwesi Aning

This paper argues that, by investing in good governance and democratisation—two factors fundamental to West African security—ECOWAS is also contributing to sub-regional peace and stability. An inclusive approach is needed to forge effective relationships between governance and security in West Africa. ECOWAS has designed a strategic framework that identifies priority areas for conflict management. At issue, though, is its capacity to confront and deal with issues that straddle security, peace, good governance, and democratisation. This paper analyses the dynamics of ECOWAS’s security-sector reforms. The perception that the security sector itself is still a major source of insecurity ...


Social Norms And Expectancy Violation Theories: Assessing The Effectiveness Of Health Communication Campaigns, Michelle Campo, Kenzie Cameron, Dominique Brossard Nov 2004

Social Norms And Expectancy Violation Theories: Assessing The Effectiveness Of Health Communication Campaigns, Michelle Campo, Kenzie Cameron, Dominique Brossard

Michelle L. Campo

College students' processing of alcohol, smoking, and exercise social norms messages, and related effects on judgments, attitudes toward one's own behaviors, and attitudes toward undergraduates' behaviors were examined using social norms marketing and Expectancy Violation Theory (EVT) (N=393). Receiving statistical social norms messages led to an expectancy violation of the perceived social norm (i.e., a discrepancy between the expected and actual statistic conveyed with a message). Consistent with Boster et al. (2000 ), the effect of the message discrepancy on attitudes was mediated by judgments. In accordance with social norms, when participants were provided with a statistic, the ...


Relational Integration, Inhibition, And Analogical Reasoning In Older Adults, Robert Morrison Nov 2004

Relational Integration, Inhibition, And Analogical Reasoning In Older Adults, Robert Morrison

Robert Morrison

The difficulty of reasoning tasks depends on their relational complexity, which increases with the number of relations that must be considered simultaneously to make an inference, and on the number of irrelevant items that must be inhibited. The authors examined the ability of younger and older adults to integrate multiple relations and inhibit irrelevant stimuli. Young adults performed well at all but the highest level of relational complexity, whereas older adults performed poorly even at a medium level of relational complexity, especially when irrelevant information was presented. Simulations based on a neurocomputational model of analogical reasoning, Learning and Inference with ...


Does The Medium Matter?: A Comparison Of A Web-Based Tutorial With Face-To-Face Library Instruction On Education Students' Self-Efficacy Levels And Learning Outcomes, Penny Beile, David Boote Nov 2004

Does The Medium Matter?: A Comparison Of A Web-Based Tutorial With Face-To-Face Library Instruction On Education Students' Self-Efficacy Levels And Learning Outcomes, Penny Beile, David Boote

Penny Beile

This study explored whether students' library skills self-efficacy levels and learning outcomes varied
based on instructional delivery mode. Groups consisted of an on-campus class with face-to-
face instruction, an on-campus class with a Web-based library tutorial, and a Web-based
class with a Web-based tutorial. Data were collected immediately prior to instruction and
again 6 weeks after. Analysis indicated self-efficacy levels and learning outcomes
significantly increased across all groups after instruction.


The Role Of Intra-Industry Trade In The Service Sector, Robert Shelburne, Jorge Gonzalez Nov 2004

The Role Of Intra-Industry Trade In The Service Sector, Robert Shelburne, Jorge Gonzalez

Jorge Gonzalez

The role of intra-industry trade (IIT) in the service sector is examined. Methodological issues in calculating IIT indexes for the service sectors are discussed. A new generalized index for dealing with the negative numbers that are often present in the data is provided. The different hierarchical structure of the services data provided by the OECD and the US BEA are discussed. The factors that explain the level of services IIT across countries are explored, as well as the factors that affect the level of IIT in U.S. bilateral trade with other nations.


The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield Nov 2004

The Many Legal Institutions That Support Contractual Commitment, Gillian K. Hadfield

Gillian K Hadfield

One of the fundamental contributions of transaction cost theory and institutional economics has been to focus attention on opening the "black box" of contract enforcement, drawing attention to the institutions required to achieve effective and low-cost contract enforcement. The idea that the effectiveness of contract law is critical to the growth of economic activity is widespread in the literature on development and transition economies. Recent studies attempting to document toe relative strength of contract enforcement in different settings (La Porta, et al., 19982; Djankov, et al., 2003), however, have focused on relatively abstract notions of "courts" and "legal systems" and ...


Stressful Life Events As Predictors Of Functioning: Findings From The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study, Maria E. Pagano, Andrew E. Skodol, Robert L. Stout, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Donna S. Bender, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Mary C. Zanarini, John G. Gunderson Nov 2004

Stressful Life Events As Predictors Of Functioning: Findings From The Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study, Maria E. Pagano, Andrew E. Skodol, Robert L. Stout, M. Tracie Shea, Shirley Yen, Carlos M. Grilo, Charles A. Sanislow, Donna S. Bender, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Mary C. Zanarini, John G. Gunderson

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

Objective:  Although much attention has been given to the effects of adverse childhood experiences on the development of personality disorders (PDs), we know far less about how recent life events influence the ongoing course of functioning. We examined the extent to which PD subjects differ in rates of life events and the extent to which life events impact psychosocial functioning. Method:  A total of 633 subjects were drawn from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study (CLPS), a multi-site study of four personality disorders – schizotypal (STPD), borderline (BPD), avoidant (AVPD), obsessive-compulsive (OCPD) – and a comparison group of major depressive disorders (MDD ...


Defining The Feminine Impact On The Progression Of Japanese Language: An Inquiry Into The Development Of Heian Period Court Diaries, Michele Gibney Nov 2004

Defining The Feminine Impact On The Progression Of Japanese Language: An Inquiry Into The Development Of Heian Period Court Diaries, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

From the split of the private and public lives of gender divides, men lived on the outside imbibing Chinese language styles, while women on the inside established and preserved a uniquely Japanese form of language. This paper asserts the theory that the Heian period was one of the first times in which the schism was produced through the female’s power to embody a written language which the Japanese could claim as their own independently of the effect from other cultures. In its focus this paper aspires to analyze the public/private, male/female origins by placing them within the ...


Homosexuality In Fushigi Yuugi And Gravitation: An Investigation Into The Cultural Background Of Homosexuality In Japanese Animation, Michele Gibney Nov 2004

Homosexuality In Fushigi Yuugi And Gravitation: An Investigation Into The Cultural Background Of Homosexuality In Japanese Animation, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

This paper will delve into the following issues: how the Japanese view homosexual males and how the agency of the reader and/or viewer impacts the depictions of visual displays of intimate behavior by homosexual males. The purpose of this paper will be an attempt to define some sort of answer to each question within the context of the Japanese cultural products of manga and anime. I am going to dissect shifting sexualities as they are represented in two different examples of Japanese anime aimed at slightly differing audience groups. The two shows that I will focus on are: Fushigi ...


Japan’S War With China: Context And Stakes, Michele Gibney Nov 2004

Japan’S War With China: Context And Stakes, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

The context in which Japan was drawn into war with China, and what they had at stake going in, are flip sides of the same coin. The contexts and stakes are: democratic government, will of the people, international status, foreign trade, the Emperor, and racial superiority. In the 1920’s and 30’s, Japan was losing the ideal of democracy, the desire to have democracy, and the will of the people. They were drawn into the war with China in order to reunite the citizenry and because of a failed democratic leadership being supplanted by right wing militarists. International status ...


Iran’S Transformation From A Revolutionary To A Status Power In The Persian Gulf, Mohsen M. Milani Nov 2004

Iran’S Transformation From A Revolutionary To A Status Power In The Persian Gulf, Mohsen M. Milani

Mohsen M. Milani

In what follows, I will discuss the transformation of Iran’s Persian Gulf policy since 1979, its role in past regional security regimes, its reaction to the emerging strategic situation in the region, and its current policy toward Iraq. I will make four main arguments. First, the collapse of Saddam Husayn has accelerated Iran’s transformation from a revolutionary to a regional status quo power in search of creating “spheres of influence.” One of Iran’s ultimate strategic goals is to become a hub for the transit of goods and services between the Persian Gulf and Afghanistan, Central Asia, and ...


Enjo Kosai: Brand Name Marketing, Michele Gibney Nov 2004

Enjo Kosai: Brand Name Marketing, Michele Gibney

Michele Gibney

Media is a contributing factor in creating a market for the prostitution of minors in Japan today. Media creates an image to which the girls aspire by placing the trendiest items in the hands of music and movie idols who the girls look up to . The drive to then own these trendy, and expensive, products forces the girls into marketing their bodies to strangers. Though in many ways media can be seen as the root of all evil through print and film advertisements, there are some forms of media which work as a caution instead of an encouragement to the ...


Activist Theatre As Bridge Between An Indigenous Community And The Americas: The Story Of Fomma/ Fortaleza De La Mujer Maya, Linda Niemann Nov 2004

Activist Theatre As Bridge Between An Indigenous Community And The Americas: The Story Of Fomma/ Fortaleza De La Mujer Maya, Linda Niemann

Linda G. Niemann

No abstract provided.


"Congress As Problem Solver," At Conference On "Promoting The General Welfare - American Democracy And The Political Economy Of Government Performance," University Of Virginia, David R. Mayhew Nov 2004

"Congress As Problem Solver," At Conference On "Promoting The General Welfare - American Democracy And The Political Economy Of Government Performance," University Of Virginia, David R. Mayhew

David Mayhew

No abstract provided.