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Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

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Selected Works

2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 564

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas Jul 2015

Rights, Individualism, Community: Aristotle And The Communitarian-Liberalism Debate, Jeffery Nicholas

Jeffery Nicholas

I argue that Aristotle could not be a fore-runner to liberalism, because his view of humanity is that human beings are constituted by a community and achieve self-fulfillment only as so constituted. Thus, Aristotle endorses a unique position that defends the freedom and self-development of the individual within the parameters of a social order.


Challenges To Audit Education For The 21st Century: A Survey Of Curricula, Course Content, And Delivery Methods, Christine Earley, Eric Johnson, Jane Baird, Paul Caster, William Dilla, Timothy Louwers Jun 2015

Challenges To Audit Education For The 21st Century: A Survey Of Curricula, Course Content, And Delivery Methods, Christine Earley, Eric Johnson, Jane Baird, Paul Caster, William Dilla, Timothy Louwers

Eric N. Johnson

This paper reports the results of a survey of auditing and assurance courses in the US and several other countries conducted during 2000-2001. The survey, commissioned by the Auditing Section of the American Accounting Association, yielded data on a total of 285 auditing and assurance courses taught at 188 colleges and universities in the United States, Canada, and several other countries. The syllabi data were analyzed on a number of dimensions and the results compared to two prior surveys of auditing courses (Frakes, 1987; Groomer and Heintz 1994). Our findings document substantial changes in content (e.g., new or expanded ...


Transcending The Acquisition Of Information: Evaluating Students’ Information Literacy Skills, Kathryn Waggoner, Rick Iadonisi, Rita Kohrman, Patricia Parker, Kim Ranger Sep 2014

Transcending The Acquisition Of Information: Evaluating Students’ Information Literacy Skills, Kathryn Waggoner, Rick Iadonisi, Rita Kohrman, Patricia Parker, Kim Ranger

Kim L. Ranger

No abstract provided.


Bail Agents And Bounty Hunters: Adversaries Or Allies Of The Justice System?, Brian Johnson, Greg Warchol Apr 2014

Bail Agents And Bounty Hunters: Adversaries Or Allies Of The Justice System?, Brian Johnson, Greg Warchol

Greg Warchol

Bounty hunters are employed by the bail industry to locate and apprehend criminal defendants who “skip” bail and, subsequently, fail to appear for court appointments. While some scholars have examined bounty hunters, this work is concerned primarily with the origins, history, and legal challenges to the industry and its practices. Popular literature on this subject has created the “myth” of the bounty hunter, but it has failed to provide an accurate portrayal of the activities these individuals perform. Through the use of field research methods, this study provides a better understanding of the role that bail agents and bounty hunters ...


Leadership And Training In Mental Health, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Sara Kuppin Oct 2011

Leadership And Training In Mental Health, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson, Sara Kuppin

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

The leadership function within mental health organizations continues to demand that professionals must understand and deal with current multidimensional problems in the managed behavioral health care industry. Furthermore, the responsibility for preparing these professionals rests within universities to better educate these leaders in public health issues and in basic health and mental health administration. In addition, the responsibility also rests with professional societies to better equip leaders within mental health organizations for the diverse challenges that lie ahead in a changing managed behavioral health care environment. This chapter will examine leadership issues in mental health, discussing the obstacles and challenges ...


Overview Of Mental Health Services, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Overview Of Mental Health Services, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

This chapter examines the organization and delivery of mental health services in the United States from a public health perspective. This chapter will emphasize the need for mental health administrators to understand the external health care environment and the resulting impact changes in that environment has upon the functioning of their mental health agency. Because of the complex and continuous changes taking place in the field of mental health administration and behavioral health services, the management of mental health organizations should include the study of health policy and health services delivery issues in the external as well as internal organizational ...


Critical Issues In Mental Health, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin Oct 2011

Critical Issues In Mental Health, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

In 1999, the first Surgeon General's report on mental health was published by the United States Department of Health and Human Services. This landmark report summarized the epidemiology, treatment, financing, and service delivery issues in mental health. While the report focused on the major issues in the organization, financing, and provision of mental health services, there remain additional issues of importance for mental health administrators. This overview section of the text consists of five basic chapters of interest to mental health administrators at all levels of management: critical issues in mental health; an overview of mental health services delivery ...


Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke Oct 2011

Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

Change has become a way of life for most organizations in the 21st century. In order to withstand profound change, an organisation must be flexible and incorporate the ability to adapt and respond to its external environment and its many stakeholders. At the same time, in an era of increasing fiscal constraints, new technologies, and an explosion of information, informatics plays an increasingly important and prominent role in society, in knowledge exchange, in communication, and in commerce between organizations. Accordingly, the most remarkable opportunities and challenges have emerged within academic libraries with regard to the incorporation of technology into daily ...


Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson Oct 2011

Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Bruce Lubostsky Levin, DrPH, MPH

The revolutionary changes in the educational curriculum for schools of library and information science being evinced by the exponential expansion of computer-based technologies require a reexamination of the skills and expertise needed to be acquired by the next wave of academic librarians. This is critical in order that they may continue to be able to provide information services and resources to the academic communities within which those librarians will practice their profession. In addition, it is important to meet emerging educational needs in terms of various multiculturalism and diversity issues that are arising today as well as a thorough understanding ...


Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke May 2011

Introduction: Technology, Organizational Change And Virtual Libraries, Ardis Hanson, Bruce Levin, Susan Heron, Merilyn Burke

Merilyn S Burke

Change has become a way of life for most organizations in the 21st century. In order to withstand profound change, an organisation must be flexible and incorporate the ability to adapt and respond to its external environment and its many stakeholders. At the same time, in an era of increasing fiscal constraints, new technologies, and an explosion of information, informatics plays an increasingly important and prominent role in society, in knowledge exchange, in communication, and in commerce between organizations. Accordingly, the most remarkable opportunities and challenges have emerged within academic libraries with regard to the incorporation of technology into daily ...


Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson May 2011

Distance Learning, Merilyn Burke, Bruce Levin, Ardis Hanson

Merilyn S Burke

The revolutionary changes in the educational curriculum for schools of library and information science being evinced by the exponential expansion of computer-based technologies require a reexamination of the skills and expertise needed to be acquired by the next wave of academic librarians. This is critical in order that they may continue to be able to provide information services and resources to the academic communities within which those librarians will practice their profession. In addition, it is important to meet emerging educational needs in terms of various multiculturalism and diversity issues that are arising today as well as a thorough understanding ...


Public Finance Solutions To Vehicle Emissions Problems In California, Don Fullerton, Sarah West Feb 2008

Public Finance Solutions To Vehicle Emissions Problems In California, Don Fullerton, Sarah West

Sarah E West

All urban centers in California violate the Federal standard for ozone. So far, the State has addressed vehicle emission problems with a variety of mandates. In contrast, economic theory suggests that costs of achieving air quality can be minimized by the use of incentive policies such as permits, taxes, or subsidies. The purpose of the research described in this monograph is to explore incentive programs that might be added to the State’s repertoire of effective vehicle pollution reduction policies. The monograph is not very technical in nature, but it explains our theoretical approach, numerical simulation model, and statistical estimation ...


Iraq Contracts Policy Bolsters Terrorist Agenda, Thierry Warin Dec 2003

Iraq Contracts Policy Bolsters Terrorist Agenda, Thierry Warin

Thierry Warin

Paul Wolfowitz, the US deputy secretary of defence, announced on December 9 a list of 63 countries allowed to bid on Iraq reconstruction contracts. A backlash is now in evidence: Germany, France and Russia will be excluded.


Improving Economic Literacy: The Role Of Concurrent Enrollment Programs, Jerry M. Eversky, Donald H. Dutowsky, Gerald S. Edmonds Dec 2003

Improving Economic Literacy: The Role Of Concurrent Enrollment Programs, Jerry M. Eversky, Donald H. Dutowsky, Gerald S. Edmonds

Jerry Evensky

This paper introduces Concurrent Enrollment Programs (CEPs), within the context of Syracuse University Project Advance (PA) Economics, as a way to improve economic literacy. We describe measures implemented to operate PA Economics as a high-quality CEP, as well as the National Alliance of Concurrent Education Partnerships to establish national standards. This study also contains results from administering to high school students taking PA Economics the nationally normed Test of Economic Literacy (TEL). PA students average nearly one percentage point higher than the AP/Honors Economics Group, and score considerably better than AP/Honors Economics in fundamentals and international economics. By ...


An Assessment Of The Mary Shore Cameron Sherlock Holmes Collection, Christy Allen Nov 2003

An Assessment Of The Mary Shore Cameron Sherlock Holmes Collection, Christy Allen

Christy Allen

No abstract provided.


Pension Wealth And Household Saving: Evidence From Pension Reforms In The United Kingdom, Orazio Attanasio, Susann Rohwedder Nov 2003

Pension Wealth And Household Saving: Evidence From Pension Reforms In The United Kingdom, Orazio Attanasio, Susann Rohwedder

Susann Rohwedder

Using three major U.K. pension reforms as natural experiments we investigate the relationship between pension saving and discretionary private savings. Unlike most differences-in-differences approaches which rely on average differences between control and treatment group, we use economic theory to model the response of each individual household. The empirical analysis, based on the Family Expenditure Survey, uses both time-series and cross sectional variation to identify the behavioral response. The earnings-related tier of the pension scheme is found to have a negative impact on private savings with relatively high substitution elasticities; the impact of the flat-rate tier is not significantly different ...


Medicine In Times Of Need: The 21st General Hospital/Base Hospital 21, Ellen Dubinsky Nov 2003

Medicine In Times Of Need: The 21st General Hospital/Base Hospital 21, Ellen Dubinsky

Ellen Dubinsky

Documents the military service of the army medical units affiliated with Washington University School of Medicine and Barnes Hospital during the First and Second World Wars.


Research In Seeking Copyright Permission For Open Access, Denise Troll Covey Nov 2003

Research In Seeking Copyright Permission For Open Access, Denise Troll Covey

Denise Troll Covey

No abstract provided.


Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford Nov 2003

Public-Private Partnership? Shifting Paradigms Of Economic Governance In Ontario, Neil Bradford

Neil Bradford

In recent years, many governments have embraced new modes of economic governance that rely on public-private partnerships. These forms of governance effectively devolve authority and responsibility from the state, and instead rely on the policy networks found in civil society. This article argues that despite the general enthusiasm for such decentralized collaboration, there is significant variation in its meaning and practice. Comparing the public-private partnership strategies of two governments in Ontario in the 1990s, the article analyzes the origins and progress of two distinctive governance paradigms, looking for signs of economic innovation. The case studies demonstrate that each of the ...


The Political And Social Activities Of Mainline Protestant Clergy In The Election Of 2000:, Corwin |Smidt, Sue Crawford, Laura Olson, Melissa Deckman, Donald Gray, Dan Hofrenning, Sherrie Steiner, Beau Weston Nov 2003

The Political And Social Activities Of Mainline Protestant Clergy In The Election Of 2000:, Corwin |Smidt, Sue Crawford, Laura Olson, Melissa Deckman, Donald Gray, Dan Hofrenning, Sherrie Steiner, Beau Weston

Sherrie M Steiner

This study examines clergy across six mainline Protestant denominations in terms of their social characteristics, their theological positions, and their political attitudes and behavior. The analysis is based on data collected through random surveys of clergy in each denomination conducted in 2001 using the same instrument. The predominant focus of the article is on the nature and level of political activities exhibited by mainline Protestant clergy in the election year of 2000. The analysis revealed that mainline Protestant clergy are indeed relatively active politically, but that, despite their commonality of belonging to the same broad religious tradition, the nature and ...


Hunting And Gathering On The Information Savanna: Conversations On Modeling Human Search Abilities, Brian O'Connor, Jud Copeland, Jodi Kearns Nov 2003

Hunting And Gathering On The Information Savanna: Conversations On Modeling Human Search Abilities, Brian O'Connor, Jud Copeland, Jodi Kearns

Jodi Kearns, PhD

Serves as the focal concept in a search for a truly functional document access system, enabling us to stand back from the present, to look into the shadows of our current designs, marvel at the breadth of human search capabilities, recognize frailties in both humans and systems, and ask new questions as we grapple with navigating our information environment.O'Connor and Copeland offer three different arenas of nontrivial information seeking for our consideration: "Submarine Chasing" explores the thoughts of a highly decorated Cold War submarine hunter. "Bounty Hunting" involves a long and convoluted search for a reported bond skipper ...


Context-Based Parenting In Infancy: Background And Conceptual Issues, Terri Combs-Orme, Elizabeth Wilson, Daphne Cain, Timothy Page, Laura Kirby Nov 2003

Context-Based Parenting In Infancy: Background And Conceptual Issues, Terri Combs-Orme, Elizabeth Wilson, Daphne Cain, Timothy Page, Laura Kirby

Terri Combs-Orme

Infancy is a sensitive period during which parenting is crucial to healthy development, and inadequate parenting may have serious and longlasting effects for children's health and development. While many domains of parenting have been widely studied, the specific daily practices involved in caring for infants have not been well researched, particularly outside the context of clinical settings for parents with recognized problems in parenting. This manuscript reviews and discusses the essential aspects of parenting infants, taking into account the essential developmental tasks of infants from birth to age one and using a comprehensive framework developed by Bradley and Caldwell ...


Remorse And Neutralization Among Violent Male Offenders, Lois Presser Nov 2003

Remorse And Neutralization Among Violent Male Offenders, Lois Presser

Lois Presser

Expression of remorse by an offender to his or her victim represents healing in the aftermath of a crime. Thus, it is important to consider what may influence or impede remorse. This article analyzes interviews with 27 men who committed serious violent crimes to examine their talk about victims, responsibility, and remorse. Most of the men excused or justified their crimes using cultural discourses about violence and blameworthy victims. They spoke of feeling sorry for themselves, not for their victims. Men who expressed remorse perceived their victims as morally blameless. They humanized their victims, and their victims humanized them.


Review Of "Trustees Of Culture: Power, Wealth, And Status On Elite Arts Boards" By Francie Ostrower, Marilyn Rueschemeyer Nov 2003

Review Of "Trustees Of Culture: Power, Wealth, And Status On Elite Arts Boards" By Francie Ostrower, Marilyn Rueschemeyer

Marilyn Rueschemeyer

No abstract provided.


Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke Nov 2003

Fdr To Clinton, Mueller To ?: A Field Essay On Presidential Approval, Brian Newman, Paul Gronke

Brian Newman

Since the 1930s, polling organizations have asked Americans whether they "approve or disapprove of the job [the incumbent] is doing as president." In the early 1970s, John Mueller started an academic industry by asking what drives these evaluations. American politics and the tools available to examine it have changed dramatically since then, inspiring a burst of research on presidential approval in the 1990s. We review this new body of literature, arguing that it builds on but differs importantly from earlier approval studies. Since Mueller's writing, scholars have expanded his relatively simple model, taking account of presidents' goals and personal ...


Towards A Theory Of Sustainable Exchange And Trade Or Why We Need To Rethink And Restructure Free Trade, Kenneth A. Dahlberg Nov 2003

Towards A Theory Of Sustainable Exchange And Trade Or Why We Need To Rethink And Restructure Free Trade, Kenneth A. Dahlberg

Kenneth Dahlberg

This essay outlines a positive alternative to today’s unsustainable free trade doctrines and practices. It is firmly based on natural and human biological, ecological and evolutionary experience as well as their various stewardship practices.
It begins with a discussion of an important insight: that biological systems operating at all levels - from the cell to organs, organisms, social insects, and social animals (including humans) - all seek to encourage healthy exchanges as well as to keep harmful agents from crossing their permeable “boundaries.” The implications of such “selecting” boundaries for evolutionary biology are also briefly discussed.
Next, the mutually shaping interactions ...


Review Of "Trustees Of Culture: Power, Wealth, And Status On Elite Arts Boards" By Francie Ostrower, Marilyn Rueschemeyer Nov 2003

Review Of "Trustees Of Culture: Power, Wealth, And Status On Elite Arts Boards" By Francie Ostrower, Marilyn Rueschemeyer

Marilyn Rueschemeyer

No abstract provided.


Consumer Willingness To Pay For Genetically Modified Food Labels In A Market With Diverse Information: Evidence From Experimental Auctions, W E. Huffman, J F. Shogren, M Rousu, A Tegene Nov 2003

Consumer Willingness To Pay For Genetically Modified Food Labels In A Market With Diverse Information: Evidence From Experimental Auctions, W E. Huffman, J F. Shogren, M Rousu, A Tegene

Jason Shogren

With the continuing controversy over genetically modified (GM) foods, some groups advocate mandatory labeling of these products, while other groups oppose labeling. An important issue is how GM labels affect consumers' willingness to pay for these food products in the market. Using a statistically based economics experiment with adult consumers as subjects, we examine how willingness to pay changes for three food products-vegetable oil, tortilla chips, and potatoes-when GM labels are introduced. Participants in the experiments discounted GM-labeled foods by approximately 14% relative to their standard-labeled counterparts. The evidence also showed that sequencing of food labels affects willingness to pay ...


Amygdala Hyperreactivity In Borderline Personality Disorder: Implications For Emotional Dysregulation, Nelson H. Donegan, Charles A. Sanislow, Hilary P. Blumberg, Robert K. Fulbright, Cheryl Lacadie, Pawel Skudlarski, John C. Gore, Ingrid R. Olson, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Bruce E. Wexler Nov 2003

Amygdala Hyperreactivity In Borderline Personality Disorder: Implications For Emotional Dysregulation, Nelson H. Donegan, Charles A. Sanislow, Hilary P. Blumberg, Robert K. Fulbright, Cheryl Lacadie, Pawel Skudlarski, John C. Gore, Ingrid R. Olson, Thomas H. Mcglashan, Bruce E. Wexler

Charles A. Sanislow, Ph.D.

BACKGROUND: Disturbed interpersonal relations and emotional dysregulation are fundamental aspects of borderline personality disorder (BPD). The amygdala plays important roles in modulating vigilance and generating negative emotional states and is often abnormally reactive in disorders of mood and emotion. The aim of this study was to assess amygdala reactivity in BPD patients relative to normal control subjects. We hypothesized that amygdala hyperreactivity contributes to hypervigilance, emotional dysregulation, and disturbed interpersonal relations in BPD.

METHODS: Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we examined neural responses to 20-sec blocks of neutral, happy, sad, and fearful facial expression (or a fixation point) in 15 ...


Ethnicity, Identity And Epistemology In The Rise Of The Social Sciences: The Power/Knowledge Nexus, Jesse Benjamin Nov 2003

Ethnicity, Identity And Epistemology In The Rise Of The Social Sciences: The Power/Knowledge Nexus, Jesse Benjamin

Jesse Benjamin

No abstract provided.