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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

I’M Afraid Of That Water: A Collaborative Ethnography Of A West Virginia Water Crisis, Luke E. Lassiter, Brian A. Hoey, Elizabeth Campbell Mar 2020

I’M Afraid Of That Water: A Collaborative Ethnography Of A West Virginia Water Crisis, Luke E. Lassiter, Brian A. Hoey, Elizabeth Campbell

Brian A. Hoey, Ph.D.

On January 9, 2014, residents across Charleston, West Virginia, awoke to an unusual licorice smell in the air and a similar taste in the public drinking water. That evening residents were informed the tap water in tens of thousands of homes, hundreds of businesses, and dozens of schools and hospitals—the water made available to as many as 300,000 citizens in a nine-county region—had been contaminated with a chemical used for cleaning crushed coal. This book tells a particular set of stories about that chemical spill and its aftermath, an unfolding water crisis that would lead to months ...


Challenges To Coordination: Understanding Intergovernmental Friction During Disasters (Pre Print), Daniel P. Aldrich Dec 2019

Challenges To Coordination: Understanding Intergovernmental Friction During Disasters (Pre Print), Daniel P. Aldrich

Daniel P Aldrich

While idealized crisis response involves smooth coordination between relevant actors, friction between levels of government and between the state and civil society in responding to catastrophe may be more common. This article builds a theory of cross-level friction during and after crisis by analyzing the conditions when discord is most likely. With a medium-N dataset (N = 18) of disaster responses from, among other countries, Chile, Haiti, Japan, North America, the Philippines, and Somalia, I carry out quantitative and qualitative analysis of cases with a variety of levels of friction to investigate the conditions that lead to misalignment. Tobit regression, qualitative ...


The Emerging Adulthood Gap: Integrating Emerging Adulthood Into Life Course Criminology, Christopher Salvatore Oct 2019

The Emerging Adulthood Gap: Integrating Emerging Adulthood Into Life Course Criminology, Christopher Salvatore

Christopher Salvatore

The aim of this study is to provide a theoretical mechanism, the ‘emerging adulthood gap,’ to integrate emerging adulthood into the life course or developmental area of criminological theory. This paper will present the ‘what’ of the emerging adulthood gap by introducing the concept and integrating it into existing theoretical paradigms, the ‘how’ by examining how social circumstances have altered the life course leading to the evolution of emerging adulthood as a distinct stage of the life course and to the ‘emerging adulthood gap,’ and the ‘why’ of the ‘emerging adulthood gap’ by discussing the decreased level of informal social ...


A Socio-Demographic Analysis Of Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore Oct 2019

A Socio-Demographic Analysis Of Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore

Christopher Salvatore

Extensive research has found that there are differences in reported levels of fear of crime and associated protective actions influenced by socio-demographic characteristics such as race and gender. Further studies, the majority of which focused on violent and property crime, have found that specific demographic characteristics influence fear of crime and protective behaviors. However, little research has focused on the influence of socio-demographic characteristics on perceptions, and protective actions in response to the threat of terrorism. Using data from the General Social Survey, this study compared individual-level protective actions and perceptions of the effectiveness of protective responses to the 9 ...


Spitting Bullets: Anger’S Long-Ignored Role In Reactions To Terror: An Examination Of College Students’ Fear And Anger Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore Oct 2019

Spitting Bullets: Anger’S Long-Ignored Role In Reactions To Terror: An Examination Of College Students’ Fear And Anger Responses To Terrorism, Gabriel Rubin, Christopher Salvatore

Christopher Salvatore

This study seeks to capture the responses of regular Americans to explore if the role of anger in responses to terror attacks, with the goal of answering two related questions: 1) Is anger an essential emotion in public reactions to terror attacks? and 2) What are the ramifications of including anger in a model of public reactions to terrorism? This paper argues that many of the negative aspects of responses to terrorism come from the anger that terrorism invokes in victim populations. Anger elicits the desire for revenge in the victim population as well as distrust of the terrorists' co-ethnics ...


Revision Or Re-Vision: Exploring Approaches To The Differentiation Of Qualification Types In The Australian Qualifications Framework, Kate Perkins, Justin Brown, Paul R. Weldon, Louise Wignall Oct 2019

Revision Or Re-Vision: Exploring Approaches To The Differentiation Of Qualification Types In The Australian Qualifications Framework, Kate Perkins, Justin Brown, Paul R. Weldon, Louise Wignall

Dr Paul Weldon

In March 2019, the Department of Education commissioned the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) to conduct a conceptual analysis of the most appropriate way to develop and present a taxonomy of learning outcomes within a qualifications framework; and a technical analysis and revision of the Knowledge, Skills and Application of Knowledge and Skills descriptors used in the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). Later this was extended to development of two alternative models that: (a) reflect the new conceptual base developed in Part I; (b) comprise a set of revised domain definitions (along with a new typology for each domain); and ...


Revision Or Re-Vision: Exploring Approaches To The Differentiation Of Qualification Types In The Australian Qualifications Framework, Kate Perkins, Justin Brown, Paul R. Weldon, Louise Wignall Oct 2019

Revision Or Re-Vision: Exploring Approaches To The Differentiation Of Qualification Types In The Australian Qualifications Framework, Kate Perkins, Justin Brown, Paul R. Weldon, Louise Wignall

Dr Justin Brown

In March 2019, the Department of Education commissioned the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) to conduct a conceptual analysis of the most appropriate way to develop and present a taxonomy of learning outcomes within a qualifications framework; and a technical analysis and revision of the Knowledge, Skills and Application of Knowledge and Skills descriptors used in the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). Later this was extended to development of two alternative models that: (a) reflect the new conceptual base developed in Part I; (b) comprise a set of revised domain definitions (along with a new typology for each domain); and ...


Revision Or Re-Vision: Exploring Approaches To The Differentiation Of Qualification Types In The Australian Qualifications Framework, Kate Perkins, Justin Brown, Paul R. Weldon, Louise Wignall Oct 2019

Revision Or Re-Vision: Exploring Approaches To The Differentiation Of Qualification Types In The Australian Qualifications Framework, Kate Perkins, Justin Brown, Paul R. Weldon, Louise Wignall

Kate Perkins

In March 2019, the Department of Education commissioned the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) to conduct a conceptual analysis of the most appropriate way to develop and present a taxonomy of learning outcomes within a qualifications framework; and a technical analysis and revision of the Knowledge, Skills and Application of Knowledge and Skills descriptors used in the Australian Qualifications Framework (AQF). Later this was extended to development of two alternative models that: (a) reflect the new conceptual base developed in Part I; (b) comprise a set of revised domain definitions (along with a new typology for each domain); and ...


Informs Seattle Dei Final 191020.Pdf, Michael P. Johnson Jr. Oct 2019

Informs Seattle Dei Final 191020.Pdf, Michael P. Johnson Jr.

Michael P. Johnson

Scholarly research on diversity, equity and inclusion (DEI) in the decision sciences is largely concentrated in areas of management and organization design. However, DEI is relevant to other domains of inquiry, and can be understood in terms other than economic efficiency and organization effectiveness. I discuss what a research agenda in decision sciences would look like if DEI, and a focus on social costs and benefits and social justice were central to this work. Examples to be discussed include: the new economy, climate resilience and disaster response, and human services.


An Anatomy Of Conflict Resolution In Africa’S Civil Conflicts, George Klay Kieh Jr. Oct 2019

An Anatomy Of Conflict Resolution In Africa’S Civil Conflicts, George Klay Kieh Jr.

George Kieh

The crises of the post-colonial state in Africa have led to civil wars in various African states. In several of these war affected countries, the state has disintegrated and occasioned myriad adverse consequences, including deaths, injuries, the mass displacement of people, and the collapse of the systems of governance. Against this background, this article examines the methods that have been used to terminate civil wars in Africa, and to set into motion the processes of peacebuilding. The article argues that in order to build durable peace in Africa’s post-conflict societies, the post-colonial state needs to be democratically reconstituted.


Cues To Cervical Cancer Screening Among U.S.-Hispanic Women, Arelis Moore De Peralta, Bonnie Holaday, Ida Mikisa Hadoto Oct 2019

Cues To Cervical Cancer Screening Among U.S.-Hispanic Women, Arelis Moore De Peralta, Bonnie Holaday, Ida Mikisa Hadoto

Arelis Moore de Peralta

Introduction: Hispanic women’s cervical cancer rates are disproportionately high. Cues to cervical cancer screening (Cues to Action) are strategies to activate the decision-making process to get screened for cervical cancer. This study used the health belief model to examine which cues prompt Hispanic women to undergo cervical cancer screening and how perceptions could be potentiated by cues to cervical cancer screening.

Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among Hispanic women 18 to 65 years old (n = 220). Generalized linear modeling was used.

Results: Spanish media and reminders by mother and doctors were relevant cues. Generalized linear modeling showed cues ...


Health And Recreation Perceptions Of Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Brooke N. Burk, Iryna Sharaievska Oct 2019

Health And Recreation Perceptions Of Adults With Developmental Disabilities, Brooke N. Burk, Iryna Sharaievska

Iryna Sharaievska

Because of the high rates of obesity among people with developmental disabilities (DD) and our limited knowledge about their perceptions of what it means to live a healthy lifestyle, it is imperative that we conduct research to expand our understanding of their attitudes towards and engagement in active recreation and healthy eating practices. Therefore, the objectives of this study were to explore (a) adults’ with DD attitudes toward healthy eating and active recreation; (b) adults’ with DD intentions and interests for active recreation; and (c) barriers to active recreation and healthy eating. Eighteen adults with DD (16 of whom were ...


Family And Marital Satisfaction And The Use Of Social Network Technologies, Iryna Sharaievska Oct 2019

Family And Marital Satisfaction And The Use Of Social Network Technologies, Iryna Sharaievska

Iryna Sharaievska

The popularity of social network sites (SNS) is increasing among all age groups. Since shared leisure is considered to be one of the key factors that contribute to the stability and quality of marriage and family and life satisfaction, the interplay between the use of SNS by family members, their leisure and their marital and family satisfaction should be examined. The objectives of this study were to: (1) Explore how the use of SNSs by family members influences and is influenced by family leisure and family satisfaction; (2) Examine how the use of SNSs by couples influences and is influenced ...


The 2018 National Strategy For Counterterrorism: A Synoptic Overview, Dan E. Stigall, Chris Miller, Lauren Donnatucci Oct 2019

The 2018 National Strategy For Counterterrorism: A Synoptic Overview, Dan E. Stigall, Chris Miller, Lauren Donnatucci

Dan E. Stigall

This article briefly reviews a few aspects of the 2018 National Strategy for Counterterrorism (NSCT) that are worthy of examination. These include its wider scope, which encompasses domestic terrorism and state-sponsored terrorism; its focus on prevention efforts with a consideration of future threats; and the efficacy of its approach to pursuing and dismantling terrorist groups, most notably the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).


Book Review Of Toxic Debts And The Superfund Dilemma, Ronald H. Rosenberg Sep 2019

Book Review Of Toxic Debts And The Superfund Dilemma, Ronald H. Rosenberg

Ronald H. Rosenberg

No abstract provided.


Women And War, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

Women And War, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


The Necessary Interrelationship Between Land Use And Preservation Of Groundwater Resources, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

The Necessary Interrelationship Between Land Use And Preservation Of Groundwater Resources, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Seeking Reconciliation Of Self-Determination, Territorial Integrity, And Humanitarian Intervention (Introduction To Special Project: Humanitarian Intervention And Kosovo), Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

Seeking Reconciliation Of Self-Determination, Territorial Integrity, And Humanitarian Intervention (Introduction To Special Project: Humanitarian Intervention And Kosovo), Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


The Appointment Of General Yaron: Continuing Impunity For The Sabra And Shatilla Massacres, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

The Appointment Of General Yaron: Continuing Impunity For The Sabra And Shatilla Massacres, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Reflections On The Jeffersonian Ideal Of An Agrarian Democracy And The Emergence Of An Agricultural And Environmental Ethic In The 1990 Farm Bill, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

Reflections On The Jeffersonian Ideal Of An Agrarian Democracy And The Emergence Of An Agricultural And Environmental Ethic In The 1990 Farm Bill, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Green Helmets: A Conceptual Framework For Security Council Authority In Environmental Emergencies, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

Green Helmets: A Conceptual Framework For Security Council Authority In Environmental Emergencies, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Discussion In The Security Council On Environmental Intervention In The Ukraine, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

Discussion In The Security Council On Environmental Intervention In The Ukraine, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Acknowledging The Impact Of Climate Change On National Security: A Long And Winding Road, Linda A. Malone Sep 2019

Acknowledging The Impact Of Climate Change On National Security: A Long And Winding Road, Linda A. Malone

Linda A. Malone

No abstract provided.


Diplomatic Adjudication, Nancy Amoury Combs Sep 2019

Diplomatic Adjudication, Nancy Amoury Combs

Nancy Combs

No abstract provided.


Book Review Of Eco-Pragmatism: Making Sensible Environmental Decisions In An Uncertain World, Lynda L. Butler Sep 2019

Book Review Of Eco-Pragmatism: Making Sensible Environmental Decisions In An Uncertain World, Lynda L. Butler

Lynda L. Butler

No abstract provided.


Don't Write Off The Reagan Social Agenda, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Don't Write Off The Reagan Social Agenda, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Appropriations Redux: A Critical Look At The Fiscal Year 1988 Continuing Resolution, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Appropriations Redux: A Critical Look At The Fiscal Year 1988 Continuing Resolution, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


A Symbolic Balanced Budget Amendment, Neal Devins Sep 2019

A Symbolic Balanced Budget Amendment, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Budget Reform And The Balance Of Powers, Neal Devins Sep 2019

Budget Reform And The Balance Of Powers, Neal Devins

Neal E. Devins

No abstract provided.


Religion In The Public Square, Davison M. Douglas Sep 2019

Religion In The Public Square, Davison M. Douglas

Davison M. Douglas

No abstract provided.