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Purdue University

2017

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Articles 1 - 30 of 173

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Significance Of The Variation Theory In Cross-Cultural Communication, Yi Wan Dec 2017

The Significance Of The Variation Theory In Cross-Cultural Communication, Yi Wan

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "The Significance of the Variation Theory in Cross-Cultural Communication" Yi Wan analyzes some problems that East-West Comparative Literature, as a discipline, has encountered and discusses the significance of the development of the Variation Theory, proposed by Shunqing Cao. The author aims to explore two important points of this new platform, namely, heterogeneity and variation, and compares this new perspective to the French School, which is based on "influences" and the American School which is based on "analogies." By investigating the variations of literary texts or theories during the course of cross-civilization communication from the perspectives of imagology ...


The Futures Of Comparative Literature Envisioned By Chinese Comparatists, Sheng Meng Dec 2017

The Futures Of Comparative Literature Envisioned By Chinese Comparatists, Sheng Meng

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "The Futures of Comparative Literature Envisioned by Chinese Compara­tists" Sheng Meng and Yue Chen discuss the future of Comparative Literature from the perspective of Chinese comparatists. They argue that in response to the latest rhetoric around the crisis and death of Comparative Literature as a discipline, Chinese comparatists have fallen into four major repre­sentative groups. While the first one advocates restoring of international literary relations study of the French School, the second and the third camp see the future of the discipline lying in both the turn to translation and world literature respectively. However, the ...


Selected Bibliography For The Study Of The "Death" Of The Discipline Of Comparative Literature, Peina Zhuang Dec 2017

Selected Bibliography For The Study Of The "Death" Of The Discipline Of Comparative Literature, Peina Zhuang

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Animal Welfare: A Contemporary Understanding Demands A Contemporary Approach To Behavior And Training, E. Anne Mcbride, David J. Montgomery Dec 2017

Animal Welfare: A Contemporary Understanding Demands A Contemporary Approach To Behavior And Training, E. Anne Mcbride, David J. Montgomery

People and Animals: The International Journal of Research and Practice

Contemporary understanding of One Welfare highlights the intrinsic link between animal and human welfare and ethics, regarding physical and psychological well-being as equally important. These principles apply to all animals we keep, regardless of why we keep them. One factor influencing psychological welfare is how animals are prepared for their life, including how they are taught (trained) to behave. Where such preparation is lacking or inappropriate methods are used, animals will be fearful and/or frustrated, resulting in impaired welfare, problematic behavior, and potential injury to humans and other animals. How animals are trained and by whom are the focus ...


Using Technology To Facilitate Pre‐Acquisition Workflows For Electronic Resources, Paoshan W. Yue Dec 2017

Using Technology To Facilitate Pre‐Acquisition Workflows For Electronic Resources, Paoshan W. Yue

Charleston Library Conference

Investigation of new e‐resource requests before a purchase decision is made can be very complex, potentially involving gathering information from various parties (publishers/vendors, library stakeholders), setting up a trial, gathering trial feedback, and making sure stakeholders are notified in a timely manner throughout of the investigation process. The University of Nevada, Reno Libraries approached this management challenge by creating a dynamic online form. With its front end originated in InfoPath and its backend database and workflow controlled in SharePoint, this form allows an automated process covering request submission, product evaluation, collection development review, and selection decision. All the ...


The Suppression Of Satirizing Belgian Community Difficulties In Flemish Cinema And The Film Adaptation Of Will-O'-The Wisp, Gertjan Willems Dec 2017

The Suppression Of Satirizing Belgian Community Difficulties In Flemish Cinema And The Film Adaptation Of Will-O'-The Wisp, Gertjan Willems

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "The Suppression of Satirizing Belgian Community Difficulties in Flemish Cinema and the Film Adaptation of Will-O'-the Wisp" Gertjan Willems analyzes two film projects of Frans Buyens. In 1970, Buyens received a positive funding recommendation for Top-Hit Girl, a satire about community difficulties in Belgium. However, Minister of Culture Frans van Mechelen refused to support the project because it conflicted with his pro-Flemish views. The minister successfully swept this controversial decision under the rug by offering Buyens the option to trade his socially critical project for a film adaptation of Willem Elsschot's novel Will-O'-the Wisp ...


Perspectives On Video Games As Art, Jeroen Bourgonjon, Geert Vandermeersche, Kris Rutten Dec 2017

Perspectives On Video Games As Art, Jeroen Bourgonjon, Geert Vandermeersche, Kris Rutten

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "Perspectives on Video Games as Art" Jeroen Bourgonjon, Geert Vndermeer­sche, and Kris Rutten engage in discussing whether or not video games can be considered a form of art. Although this question has already been discussed elaborately, the debate is guided by many differ­ent and often conflicting positions. The aim of this article is to revisit this debate by mapping out a range of perspectives on video games as art. The authors explore the relation between games and differ­ent definitions and functions of art, different motives of artists, and the potential impact of the arts ...


Black Australia ‘Writes Back’ To The Literary Traditions Of Empire, Danica Čerče Dec 2017

Black Australia ‘Writes Back’ To The Literary Traditions Of Empire, Danica Čerče

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

I In her article "Black Australia 'Writes Back' to the Literary Traditions of Empire" Danica Čerče discusses the verse of Australian Indigenous authors Romaine Moreton and Alf Taylor, notable for the overt objection to the institutional and historical processes. These have enabled and maintained the dominant position of those identified as white on the one hand, and the concomitant political, economic, and cultural subordination of Indigenous Australians on the other. Focused on strategies and poetic devices used by the two poets to engage non-Indigenous readers in the experience of their writing, the article examines how the rhetoric of their critique ...


Gender, Culture, And The Educational Choices Of Second Generation Hmong American Girls, Bao Lo Nov 2017

Gender, Culture, And The Educational Choices Of Second Generation Hmong American Girls, Bao Lo

Journal of Southeast Asian American Education and Advancement

Research on the educational achievement of racialized minorities and immigrants have largely discussed culture as either a deficit or an advantage for academic success. This paper explores gender differences in educational achievement and how the educational choices of second-generation Hmong American girls are impacted by racially constructed gender norms. In response to hegemonic and subordinated femininities, second-generation Hmong American girls pursue education to enter mainstream America and reject Asian ethnic culture and femininity. Gender equality is normalized and equated with White femininity and American mainstream culture while Asian femininity and ethnic culture is constructed and subordinated as “other”. This research ...


The Role Of Argumentation In Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning During Problem-Based Learning In Medical Education: A Conceptual Framework, Hyunjung Ju, Ikseon Choi Nov 2017

The Role Of Argumentation In Hypothetico-Deductive Reasoning During Problem-Based Learning In Medical Education: A Conceptual Framework, Hyunjung Ju, Ikseon Choi

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

One of the important goals of problem-based learning (PBL) in medical education is to enhance medical students’ clinical reasoning—hypothetico-deductive reasoning (HDR) in particular—through small group discussions. However, few studies have focused on explicit strategies for promoting students’ HDR during group discussions in PBL. This paper proposes a novel conceptual framework that integrates Toulmin’s argumentation model (1958) into Barrows’s HDR process (1994). This framework explains the structure of argumentation (a claim, data, and a warrant) contextualized in each phase of HDR during PBL. This paper suggests four instructional strategies—understanding argument structures, questioning, elaborating on structural knowledge ...


Bet You Missed It: What Do Politicans And Liquid Lunches Have In Common?, Bruce Strauch Nov 2017

Bet You Missed It: What Do Politicans And Liquid Lunches Have In Common?, Bruce Strauch

Against the Grain

No abstract provided.


Biz Of Acq: Taking Advantage Of Every Opportunity: Blending Local And Consortial Dda Ebook Programs, Tonia Graves, Rob Tench, Anne Elguindi, Michelle Flinchbaugh Nov 2017

Biz Of Acq: Taking Advantage Of Every Opportunity: Blending Local And Consortial Dda Ebook Programs, Tonia Graves, Rob Tench, Anne Elguindi, Michelle Flinchbaugh

Against the Grain

No abstract provided.


Publisher Profile -- Southwest Regional Library Nov 2017

Publisher Profile -- Southwest Regional Library

Against the Grain

No abstract provided.


Problem-Based Learning Pedagogies In Teacher Education: The Case Of Botswana, Thenjiwe Major, Thalia M. Mulvihill Dr. Nov 2017

Problem-Based Learning Pedagogies In Teacher Education: The Case Of Botswana, Thenjiwe Major, Thalia M. Mulvihill Dr.

Interdisciplinary Journal of Problem-Based Learning

The development of primary school teachers is an important aspect of a country’s economic, social, and political well-being. The use of particular pedagogies in teacher education may greatly influence how teachers perform in their classrooms after completing their training programs. This micro-ethnography investigated the extent to which teacher educators in Botswana’s College of Education used problem-based learning (PBL) approaches in the development of preservice primary teachers. While the findings of this micro-ethnography showed that particular teacher educators rarely used problem-based learning approaches, the accompanying insights helped to bring a deeper understanding of what is needed for Botswana’s ...


Using Gis To Determine Locations For Safety Improvements, Mario Romero, Etienne Tino Atisso, Taojun Wang, Laura Slusher, Andrew Tarko Nov 2017

Using Gis To Determine Locations For Safety Improvements, Mario Romero, Etienne Tino Atisso, Taojun Wang, Laura Slusher, Andrew Tarko

Purdue GIS Day

Crash location is a critical piece of information for any type of safety-related analysis; however, there is often a high percentage of error in crash latitude and longitude coordinates. Currently, a time-consuming, manual process is used in Indiana to correct faulty crash location coordinates. The Crash Location Improvement Program (CLIP) is a tool developed by the Purdue University Center for Road Safety, with support from Indiana LTAP, which allows users to quickly and easily identify and correct crash coordinates, allowing for a more accurate safety analysis. After correcting the coordinates, crash location maps, heat maps, and other visualization tools are ...


Using Space Based Earth Observations To Understand Our Changing Planet, Kumar C. Navulur Nov 2017

Using Space Based Earth Observations To Understand Our Changing Planet, Kumar C. Navulur

Purdue GIS Day

"Satellite remote sensing has come a long way in the last 2 decades to map and monitor our changing planet. Technology trends include increasing spatial resolution (pixel size), number of spectral bands that can be leveraged to extract information, and frequency of revisit globally. Satellite industry has be improving the location accuracy from space to enable various precision applications on the earth. Advances in cloud computing and other technologies now allow for creation of mosaics and information layers at scale. The latest trend is analytics that allows for predictive intelligence.

The author will discuss practical application of satellite imagery for ...


Archaeological Investigation Of An Iron Age Fortress On Dana Island, Turkey, Nathan C. Mcburnett Nov 2017

Archaeological Investigation Of An Iron Age Fortress On Dana Island, Turkey, Nathan C. Mcburnett

Purdue GIS Day

In this project, the Bogsak Archaeological survey team investigated a fortress on the northern crest of the mountain on Dana Island, located just off the coast of Turkey in the Rough Cilician Region. Although the interior remains of the fortress, consisting of a large number of ceramics and architectural features such as a basilica, were dated to the Late Roman Era, we found that the fortress itself actually predates this. Based on ceramic remains being used as aggregate in the fortress wall, the team was able to date the fortress itself to the Iron Age (Classical Era). GIS software was ...


Geospatial Tools And Data Provided By Itap/Research Computing, Larry Biehl Nov 2017

Geospatial Tools And Data Provided By Itap/Research Computing, Larry Biehl

Purdue GIS Day

The presentation will provide the audience information about the geospatial applications that are available on campus including Esri ArcGIS, ERDAS Imagine, Exelis ENVI, Trimble eCognition and others. The information will include where to go to download the software installers and how to set up the licensing for them. The discussion will also go over the new software installer file download process.


Spatial Analysis Of Landfills In Respect To Flood Events And Sea-Level Rise Using Arcgis Pro, Benjamin S. Taylor, Songlin Fei Nov 2017

Spatial Analysis Of Landfills In Respect To Flood Events And Sea-Level Rise Using Arcgis Pro, Benjamin S. Taylor, Songlin Fei

Purdue GIS Day

"Recently in the news, media coverage of flood events has garnered attention due to tropical storms like Hurricane Harvey and the costly damages that resulted. Under climate change, events like sea-level rise (SLR) and flooding are projected to increase which threaten infrastructure, making it necessary for proper planning before, during, and after installation of landfills to mitigate risk. Studies in Austria and the UK have revealed that many landfills are located in flood zones in addition to coastal areas affected by coastal erosion. In the United States, there have been minimal analysis’ on landfill locations related to flood events and ...


Geodata Science Education At Purdue, Wen-Wen Tung Nov 2017

Geodata Science Education At Purdue, Wen-Wen Tung

Purdue GIS Day

This presentation introduces a group of Purdue faculty’s effort to create a set of geodata science graduate-level education programs.


Spatiotemporal Computing For Enabling Scientific Research And Engineering Development: A Gis Practice, Chaowei Yang Nov 2017

Spatiotemporal Computing For Enabling Scientific Research And Engineering Development: A Gis Practice, Chaowei Yang

Purdue GIS Day

No abstract provided.


What Is Exciting At The Libraries? – Gis Resources At Libraries, Nicole Kong Nov 2017

What Is Exciting At The Libraries? – Gis Resources At Libraries, Nicole Kong

Purdue GIS Day

This presentation introduce the new GIS resources offered from Purdue University Libraries. These new support areas include the D-VELoP GIS computing lab, new Esri Development Center (EDC), GIS data portal, GIS data server, Insights for ArcGIS, and GIS VR technology.


Earthquake-Induced Collapsed Building Detection With Vhr Synthetic Aperture Radar Images, Fan Wu, Jie Shan, Chao Wang Nov 2017

Earthquake-Induced Collapsed Building Detection With Vhr Synthetic Aperture Radar Images, Fan Wu, Jie Shan, Chao Wang

Purdue GIS Day

"Compared with optical sensors, Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) can provide important damage information due to its ability to map areas affected by earthquakes independently from weather conditions and solar illumination. In 2013, a new TerraSAR-X mode named staring spotlight (ST), whose azimuth resolution was improved to 0.24 m, was introduced for various applications. This very high resolution (VHR) data source made it possible to extract detailed information from individual buildings.

We present a new concept for individual building damage assessment using a post-event sub-meter VHR SAR image and a building footprint map. With the building footprint map, the original ...


The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman Nov 2017

The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical and physical properties such as lanthanum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise processes to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG- 51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse ...


Rayyan For Systematic Reviews, Nastasha Johnson, Margaret Phillips Nov 2017

Rayyan For Systematic Reviews, Nastasha Johnson, Margaret Phillips

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rayyan is a free, online application to assist researchers with systematic review methodology and meta-analysis projects. Rayyan is one of many software products of QCRI, Qatar Computing Research Institute, a creative and innovative entity of the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, similar in many ways to the U.S. Department of Education.

Rayyan allows users to upload citations and full-text articles as a part of a single review, or the ability to create several review projects, or even collaborate on publicly available projects. Rayyan aims to offer researchers a one stop dashboard to work through the details ...


Demographic Influences On Nonadoption Of Calf Management And Marketing Practices For Cow-Calf Operations, Stephanie Schumacher, Derrell S. Peel, Kellie Curry Raper Oct 2017

Demographic Influences On Nonadoption Of Calf Management And Marketing Practices For Cow-Calf Operations, Stephanie Schumacher, Derrell S. Peel, Kellie Curry Raper

Journal of Applied Farm Economics

Though research indicates that many calf management and marketing practices are available to add value for the cow-calf producer, a high percentage of producers are still nonadopters of such practices. Little information identifies nonadopters in the beef cattle industry, limiting efforts to provide educational support. This study uses a binomial logit model and primary survey data to examine the demographic influence on producers’ nonadoption of commonly recommended value-added management and marketing practices specific to feeder calves in the cow-calf segment.


Short-Term Asset And Debt Choice And U.S. Corn Farm Liquidity, Sarah Stutzman, Todd Hubbs Oct 2017

Short-Term Asset And Debt Choice And U.S. Corn Farm Liquidity, Sarah Stutzman, Todd Hubbs

Journal of Applied Farm Economics

The liquidity positions of U.S. corn farms over the period 2002–2013 is examined using Agricultural Resource Management Survey (ARMS) data and calculating the average annual working capital to gross revenue (WC/GR) ratio for farms within the 25th percentile, median, and 75th percentile. The relationship between liquidity and land ownership, farm size, and the composition and level of short-term farm asset and debts by category are compared across farms within the 25th, 25th–75th, and 75th WC/GR ratio percentile. We find that, on average, farms in the 75th WC/GR ratio percentile owned a greater portion of ...


Financial Vulnerability Of Midwest Grain Farms: Implications Of Price, Yield, And Cost Shocks, Shasha Li, Michael Boehlje Oct 2017

Financial Vulnerability Of Midwest Grain Farms: Implications Of Price, Yield, And Cost Shocks, Shasha Li, Michael Boehlje

Journal of Applied Farm Economics

Recent years have witnessed increasing volatility in crop prices and yields, fertilizer prices, and farm asset values. In this study, the financial performance of illustrative Midwest grain farms with different scales, tenure status, and capital structures was examined under the shocks of volatile crop prices, yields, fertilizer prices, farmland value, and cash rent. Illustrative farms of 550, 1,200, and 2,500 acres were constructed reflecting the production activity for these farms with three different farmland ownership structures (15%, 50%, and 85% of land owned) and two capital structures measured by debt-to- asset ratio (25% and 50%). Absolute measures and ...


Strengthening Regional Collections One Request At A Time: Using Resource Sharing Technology To Facilitate Coordinated Collection Development, Shannon Pritting, Kate Ross Oct 2017

Strengthening Regional Collections One Request At A Time: Using Resource Sharing Technology To Facilitate Coordinated Collection Development, Shannon Pritting, Kate Ross

Charleston Library Conference

There can be many barriers for success in Coordinated Collection Development (CCD) projects. Delivery and ownership are major concerns, and libraries are committing institutional funds, often to contribute to group or consortial collections, which requires trust and a consistent measuring of whether the CCD venture is a good use of scarce collection dollars. CCD efforts often require advance agreement on policies, collection areas, and dedicated funds, which can lead to decreased overall satisfaction. In many CCD projects, mutual trust is not built through a shared practice and workflow that allows for choice and data-driven decisions but is established through CCD ...


Liaison Librarians In The Know: Methods For Discovering Faculty Research And Teaching Needs, Nora B. Wood, Melanie Griffin Oct 2017

Liaison Librarians In The Know: Methods For Discovering Faculty Research And Teaching Needs, Nora B. Wood, Melanie Griffin

Charleston Library Conference

Libraries constantly seek information from their faculty partners on what, precisely, is needed from the library to support their teaching and research needs. This paper uses a case study from the University of South Florida (USF) as a framework to explore methods for determining the curriculum and research needs of faculty across disciplinary boundaries and ways for promoting library resources and services to departments across campus. Using syllabus analysis, website analysis, focus groups, and interviews, this project sought to evaluate faculty needs without relying on surveys. The data gathered from this case study will allow the liaisons at the University ...