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Purdue University

2009

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Articles 1 - 30 of 118

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

How Scholars Work: Panning For Gold In Libraries, Judith M. Nixon, Marianne Ryan Dec 2009

How Scholars Work: Panning For Gold In Libraries, Judith M. Nixon, Marianne Ryan

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

How do liberal arts scholars work? For example, where do they get their ideas? When beginning a research project, do they start with a Google search or the library's home page? How and when do scholars utilize libraries and library resources—especially library-funded databases? How has research changed since the advent of the World Wide Web? These are questions that the social science and humanities librarians at Purdue University Libraries have been asking. To begin to find answers, we invited selected faculty members and students to a How Scholars Work series. This article summarizes their comments.


Innovation And Multimedia In The Poetry Of Cummings And Mayakovsky, Svetlana Nikitina Dec 2009

Innovation And Multimedia In The Poetry Of Cummings And Mayakovsky, Svetlana Nikitina

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Innovation and Multimedia in the Poetry of cummings and Mayakovsky" Svetlana Nikitina discusses how e.e. cummings and Vladimir Mayakovsky foreshadowed the digital revolution of today in their multimedia experiments in poetry. Although they spoke different languages and lived in different societies, the two modernist poets display similarities in their modernist aesthetics. Both are artists as well as poets who blur the line between the two forms of art. Their synesthesia inoculates them against postmodern disintegration of meaning or form. Although cummings is a staunch individualist, and Mayakovsky the tribune of the collective, they both rebel against ...


Indirect Discourse In German, Russian, And English, Henry Whittlesey Schroeder Dec 2009

Indirect Discourse In German, Russian, And English, Henry Whittlesey Schroeder

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Indirect Discourse in German, Russian, and English" Henry Whittlesey Schroeder analyzes the different tenses of indirect discourse in these three languages. Indirect discourse in the eighteenth and early nineteenth century adopts a different time in English, German and Russian. English indirect discourse reports in the preterit; German indirect discourse hovers in the subjunctive; Russian indirect discourse speaks in the present. The transposition of English indirect discourse allows the character's discourse to surface in a tense identical to the narration. Consequently, the character can corrupt the narration, undermining the narrator's narration and commentary on that narration ...


The Metaphor Of Assimilation In Rabéarivelo's Poetry, Yasser Khamees Ragab Aman Dec 2009

The Metaphor Of Assimilation In Rabéarivelo's Poetry, Yasser Khamees Ragab Aman

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "The Metaphor of Assimilation in Rabéarivelo's Poetry" Yasser Khamees Ragab Aman discusses the impact of the metaphor and the policy of assimilation in the poetry of Jean-Joseph Rabéarivelo, who swings between a desired image of a superior France based on a mythically archetypal symbol of a patron and a reality which, as a matter of course, distorts the image of a good-natured colonizer. Aman traces the influence of French Symbolists such as Baudelaire, Rimbaud, Mallarmé, and Laforgue on Rabéarivelo's poems and discusses to what extent these influences help make an assimilé of the poet. In ...


A Talk Show In Hungary And The Question Of "Proper Distance", Lajos Császi Dec 2009

A Talk Show In Hungary And The Question Of "Proper Distance", Lajos Császi

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "A Talk Show in Hungary and the Question of 'proper distance'" Lajos Császi discusses the phenomenon of the talk show in its specific post-communist Hungarian context. During the past few years, Hungarian commercial television programs have been the target of frequent ideological attacks. At the same time, they have become increasingly popular among audiences. In my study I focus on the "Mónika" talk show, one of the most popular programs. Analyzing this new media phenomenon, I attempt to combine the political-economic and the socio-cultural perspectives of tabloid media, which are often opposed to each other. I ask ...


Myth And History In The Poetry Of Osundare, Christopher Anyokwu Dec 2009

Myth And History In The Poetry Of Osundare, Christopher Anyokwu

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Myth and History in the Poetry of Osundare" Christopher Anyokwu examines the interrelation of myth and history from an African perspective. Anyokwu analyzes the poetry of one of Africa's most prolific and decorated contemporary poets, Niyi Osundare. Osundare is a third-generation Nigerian poet whose work is based on Yoruba oral tradition and informed by Marxist ideology. Osundare's poetry demonstrates the so-called "return-to-roots" neo-traditionalist ethos in modern African writing. Osundare's attitude to myth, ritual, and other African animist categories is intriguingly complex, ambivalent, and giving rise to charges of ideological irresolution and culturo-epistemic bifurcation. As ...


Playwriting In Three Major Nigerian Languages, Isaiah Ilo Dec 2009

Playwriting In Three Major Nigerian Languages, Isaiah Ilo

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article, "Playwriting in Three Major Nigerian Languages" Isaiah Ilo analyzes the frequency of playwriting in Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba, the three major Nigerian languages, which together hold about a half of the country's estimated population of 140 million. Ilo uses a case study to contrast the importance of the languages, their evolution as literary languages, and their official status with a role in education. Ilo locates the significance of these factors next to an inventory of the plays and a listing of the writers to demonstrate the neglect of the mother tongue by experienced Nigerian dramatists. The ...


Space In Cardinal's Au Pays De Mes Racines And Goytisolo's Coto Vedado, Laura Dennis Dec 2009

Space In Cardinal's Au Pays De Mes Racines And Goytisolo's Coto Vedado, Laura Dennis

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Space in Cardinal's Au Pays de mes racines and Goytisolo's Coto vedado" Laura Dennis discusses the ways in which two memoirs of the late twentieth century treat exile and diverse spaces as part of a quest for a place in which to live fully and freely. Juan Goytisolo's Coto vedado and Marie Cardinal's Au Pays de mes racines constitute particularly rich treatments of space and exile and the ways in which these intersect with questions of culture, gender, and power. Dennis uses Henri Lefebvre's theories of abstract and differential space together with ...


Adams's Quest For The Unity Of Knowledge, Karl Shaddox Dec 2009

Adams's Quest For The Unity Of Knowledge, Karl Shaddox

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In "Adams's Quest for the Unity of Knowledge," Karl Shaddox discusses Henry Adams's lesser known work, The Degradation of the Democratic Dogma, as a continuation of the historian's attempt at unifying knowledge in The Education. Whereas unification in The Education was proposed by historicizing force, whether religious or molecular, Adams's effort in The Degradation employed a scientistic approach to history. Using Josiah Gibb's research on the equilibrium of heterogeneous substances, Adams felt he had provided a natural explanation of social and historical change — and thus the elemental connection between matter and mind. Critical opinion has ...


Russian Magical Realism And Pelevin As Its Exponent, Alexandra Berlina Dec 2009

Russian Magical Realism And Pelevin As Its Exponent, Alexandra Berlina

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her article "Russian Magical Realism and Pelevin as Its Exponent" Alexandra Berlina seeks to enrich magical realism studies as a field of comparative literature and culture by showing that, although largely ignored in scholarship, such a thing as Russian magical realism exists and provides an interesting field for analysis. First, Berlina provides an overview of relevant scholarly works on the genre, tracing mentions (as well as striking omissions) of Russian influence, followed by a discussion of the few publications which deal with Russian magical realism, concentrating on Erika Haber's The Myth of the Non-Russian. Berlina then discusses Viktor ...


Necropolitics And Contemporary Hungarian Literature And Cinema, Ryan Michael Kehoe Dec 2009

Necropolitics And Contemporary Hungarian Literature And Cinema, Ryan Michael Kehoe

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Necropolitics and Contemporary Hungarian Literature and Cinema" Ryan Michael discusses aspects of the concept of necropower (Mbembe) applied to contemporary Hungarian literature and cinema. Kehoe argues that his analysis provides models of postcolonial "aesthetic acts" that disrupt, destabilize, and ultimately subvert the global regimes to which Achille Mbembe refers. Accordingly, Hungary's status as a postcolony is discussed within the context of Steven Tötösy de Zepetnek's and David Chioni Moore's contention that the parameters of postcolonial cultural analysis need to be expanded to account for Central and East Europe's transition out of the Soviet ...


Speech Act Disagreement Among Young Women In Iran, Vahid Parvaresh, Abbas Eslami Rasekh Dec 2009

Speech Act Disagreement Among Young Women In Iran, Vahid Parvaresh, Abbas Eslami Rasekh

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In their article "Speech Act Disagreement among Young Women in Iran" Vahid Parvaresh and Abbas Eslami Rasekh investigate the effects of solidarity and deference proposed by Ronald Scollon and Suzanne Scollon on the ways in which young women in Iran perform the speech act of disagreement in their own language and culture. Their data has been analyzed using Geoffrey Leech's classification of illocutionary functions which is based on the social goal of establishing and maintaining comity. Special care has also been exercised to take the respondents' points of view into consideration. Parvaresh and Rasekh suggest that in a non-Western ...


Cultural Studies Through Literary And Semiotic Approaches: A Review Article Of New Manuals By Walton And Thwaites, Davis, And Mules, Maya Zalbidea Paniagua Dec 2009

Cultural Studies Through Literary And Semiotic Approaches: A Review Article Of New Manuals By Walton And Thwaites, Davis, And Mules, Maya Zalbidea Paniagua

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


The Role Of The Unconscious In Culture: A Review Article Of New Work By Green And Bainbridge, Radstone, Rustin, And Yates, Xiana Sotelo Dec 2009

The Role Of The Unconscious In Culture: A Review Article Of New Work By Green And Bainbridge, Radstone, Rustin, And Yates, Xiana Sotelo

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


In Memoriam Peter Edgerly Firchow (1937-2008), Gerald Gillespie Dec 2009

In Memoriam Peter Edgerly Firchow (1937-2008), Gerald Gillespie

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Lower Tropospheric Temperature Variability Over The Usa: A Gis Approach, Souleymane Fall, Dev Niyogi, Gilbert L. Rochon Nov 2009

Lower Tropospheric Temperature Variability Over The Usa: A Gis Approach, Souleymane Fall, Dev Niyogi, Gilbert L. Rochon

GIS Day

We use the high resolution North American Regional Analysis (NARR) dataset to build for the United States a Temperature Change Index (TCI) based on four contributing variables derived from the layer-averaged temperature and lapse rate of the 1000mb - 700mb layer (near-surface to 3000 meters) for the 1979-2008 period. The analysis uses Geographic Information Systems (GIS) methods to identify distinct regional patterns based on aggregate temperature trends and variability scores. The resulting index allows us to identify and compare regions that experience high (low) temperature trends and variability that are referred to as hot spots (cold spots). The upper Midwest emerges ...


Plant Nutrition And Growth - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson, Natasha Brown Nov 2009

Plant Nutrition And Growth - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson, Natasha Brown

Data Curation Profiles Directory

The data set described in this data curation profile is derived from two studies. The initial study investigated the effects of phosphorus and potassium nutrients on the ability of alfalfa to recover from stress brought on by the winter season or the close cutting done in harvesting. The second study was a response to the first and sought to examine changes in taproot, physiology, biochemistry, and gene expression during the summer to further understand alfalfa persistence through the winter. The data management needs include further development of the data description for it to be shared with and understood by multiple ...


Validation Of A Commercial Geographical Information Systems Database Of Walking And Bicycling Destinations, Heather A. Whitcomb, Ellen K. Cromley, Kosuke Tamura, Steven J. Melly, Sayali Kale, Francine Laden, Peter James, Robin Puett, Eran Ben-Joseph, Philip J. Troped Nov 2009

Validation Of A Commercial Geographical Information Systems Database Of Walking And Bicycling Destinations, Heather A. Whitcomb, Ellen K. Cromley, Kosuke Tamura, Steven J. Melly, Sayali Kale, Francine Laden, Peter James, Robin Puett, Eran Ben-Joseph, Philip J. Troped

GIS Day

Background: Recent interdisciplinary studies in public health, transportation, and urban planning have shown that stores and other destinations such as banks, post offices, and physical activity facilities within close proximity to residences are positively related to recreational and transportation physical activity. The built environment has been measured several different ways, including conducting field audits and by surveying individuals’ perceptions of their neighborhood. Increasingly researchers are also using geographic information systems (GIS) software and commercially available data sources to create objective measures of the built environment. The advantages of commercial data are that they are relatively easy to access and are ...


Plant Genomics - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson Nov 2009

Plant Genomics - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson

Data Curation Profiles Directory

The topic of research for this data curation profile is plant genomes. Specifically, studies how a plant regulates and controls metallic and other inorganic elements. The data is gathered from several species of plants that are grown in the researcher’s lab. The data management needs relate to maintaining the lab’s information management system for organizing, describing, and sharing the data, linking the data to publications, and using a standardized means for others to acknowledge the source of the data. The researcher also has an interest in incorporating services that support collaboration and community development in the data and ...


Innovation, Creativity And Meaning: Leading In The Information Age, Tomalee Doan Nov 2009

Innovation, Creativity And Meaning: Leading In The Information Age, Tomalee Doan

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Today’s fast pace global environment requires information professionals to be leaders keeping pace with user needs. Two academic research libraries share their work seeking to ensure and leverage the creativity in their organizations focusing on the most meaningful innovative opportunities. The premise is that usefulness and appropriateness is achieved through strategic alignment – thereby opening the door of opportunity for innovative products and services. The ability to seize the opportunity each group seeks to meet is due to the recognition by the organization of that alignment. And so, organizational perception, awareness and value all impact the successful implementation of creativity ...


Intelligent Search From Multiple Resources Of Purdue Library, Dzung Hong, Luo Si, Paul Bracke, Michael Witt, Timothy C. Juchcinski Nov 2009

Intelligent Search From Multiple Resources Of Purdue Library, Dzung Hong, Luo Si, Paul Bracke, Michael Witt, Timothy C. Juchcinski

Libraries Research Publications

Besides web resources that are visible to traditional search engines such as Google or Bing, there are a large portion of the web that is invisible to them. For example, the Purdue Library has access to more than 400 databases. Most of them contain documents that are not reachable by traditional web crawlers due to security, technical limitations or copyright agreement. The only way to search and retrieve documents from those databases is through their service interfaces, which implement different methods of indexing and searching. Given a large number of databases available, it is difficult for users to select the ...


Military Doctrine: A Reference Handbook, Bert Chapman Nov 2009

Military Doctrine: A Reference Handbook, Bert Chapman

Libraries Research Publications

This is a 2009 Purdue Libraries brownbag presentation on my book Military Doctrine: A Reference Handbook. It describes how the U.S. and other countries formulate and implement strategies for conducting military operations and publishing literature describing how they conduct military operations. Additional contents include highlighting military strategy objectives of various countries and key military doctrine documents produced by these countries.


Water Flow And Quality - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson, Natasha Brown Oct 2009

Water Flow And Quality - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson, Natasha Brown

Data Curation Profiles Directory

This data curation profile focuses on a data set based on the examination of water flow and water quality using a tile drainage system. The researcher uses the data to research the impact of drain spacing, of soil management practices on nitrate leeching, and also the impacts of drainage on crop growth and yield. The data curation needs relate to the process of preparing the data for sharing and use by others. Currently, the data, which spans a 25 year period, is not well documented and would require considerable investment for it to be ready for use by others.


Human Genomics - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson, Natasha Brown Oct 2009

Human Genomics - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson, Natasha Brown

Data Curation Profiles Directory

The researcher interviewed for this data curation profile is working to generate criteria needed to do experiments in human genomic research. Specifically, she focuses on the discovery of codes that regulate the expression of human genes. Her data management needs center on the maintenance of her data and the use of genomic data repositories. She shared that although she currently posts her data and scripts on her personal website, she does not have the resources or expertise to adequately maintain her data. She is interested in depositing her data into a repository once she is confident in the soundness of ...


Traffic Flow - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson Oct 2009

Traffic Flow - Purdue University, Jake R. Carlson

Data Curation Profiles Directory

The research of focus for this data curation profile involves the study of real-time traffic signal performance measures. The researcher creates profiles of traffic movement for specific intersections by measuring the number of vehicles passing through an intersection and the amount of time spent at an intersection on a movement-by-movement basis over a 24 hour period. The overall goal of the research is to enable the state department of transportation to prioritize which traffic signals need improvement. The data management needs include database management services, assistance in developing sound data management and documentation practices, a standardized workflow that would allow ...


Egfr May Couple Moderate Alcohol Consumption To Increased Breast Cancer Risk, Christopher P. Mill, Julia Chester, David J. Riese Ii Oct 2009

Egfr May Couple Moderate Alcohol Consumption To Increased Breast Cancer Risk, Christopher P. Mill, Julia Chester, David J. Riese Ii

Department of Psychological Sciences Faculty Publications

Alcohol consumption is an established risk factor for breast cancer. Nonetheless, the mechanism by which alcohol contributes to breast tumor initiation or progression has yet to be definitively established. Studies using cultured human tumor cell lines have identified signaling molecules that may contribute to the effects of alcohol, including reactive oxygen species and other ethanol metabolites, matrix metalloproteases, the ErbB2/Her2/Neu receptor tyrosine kinase, cytoplasmic protein kinases, adenylate cyclase, E-cadherins, estrogen receptor, and a variety of transcription factors. Emerging data suggest that the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase may contribute to breast cancer genesis and progression. Here ...


Introduction To Politics And Identity In Lusophone Literature And Film, Patrícia I. Vieira Sep 2009

Introduction To Politics And Identity In Lusophone Literature And Film, Patrícia I. Vieira

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Variations On The Brazilian Orpheus Theme, Marília Scaff Rocha Ribeiro Sep 2009

Variations On The Brazilian Orpheus Theme, Marília Scaff Rocha Ribeiro

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In her paper, "Variations on the Brazilian Orpheus Theme," Marília Scaff Rocha Ribeiro discusses Vinícius de Moraes's play Orfeu da Conceição (1956) together with two of its filmic adaptations, namely Marcel Camus's Black Orpheus (1959) and Carlos Diegues's Orfeu (1999). Ribeiro's analysis is located in the context of the race debates of the second half of the twentieth century in Brazil. Ribeiro argues that the periodic resurfacing of a musician from the favelas as a special being who is able to chant and enchant speaks to the appeal both of popular music and of the thematic ...


The Geopolitics Of Amazônia In Souza's Fiction, Thomas O. Beebee Sep 2009

The Geopolitics Of Amazônia In Souza's Fiction, Thomas O. Beebee

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "The Geopolitics of Amazônia in Souza's Fiction" Thomas O. Beebee examines the ways in which the historical fiction of Brazilian author Márcio Souza (1946-) confronts prevailing notions of Brazilianness conceived as the unity of citizens within a fixed territorial space. Souza undermines this notion by frequently using non-Brazilians as protagonists of his novels that have as their theme the struggle over control of territory "within" Brazil. Beebee reviews the role played by the concept of national territorial control in theories of nationalism and the modern state, including in the Brazilian school of geopolitics developed by Eduardo ...


Guimarães Rosa's "São Marcos" And Race And Class, Paulo Da-Luz-Moreira Sep 2009

Guimarães Rosa's "São Marcos" And Race And Class, Paulo Da-Luz-Moreira

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

In his article "Guimarães Rosa's 'São Marcos' and Race and Class" Paulo da-Luz-Moreira analyzes a pivotal short story in João Guimarães Rosa's oeuvre. Published in Sagarana, Guimarães Rosa's first short fiction collection, "São Marcos" has an extremely complex structure in its juxtaposition of layers of idiosyncratic and careful ethnographic and literary erudition, making the story a challenge to critics and readers alike. Guimarães Rosa worked exhaustively on this unique piece that touches with disconcerting openness on issues of strained racial and class relations in Brazil and expounds on the power of language and on the delicate point ...