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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Separatist Nationalism In Gilbert Imlay's The Emigrants, Karsten H. Piep Dec 2004

Separatist Nationalism In Gilbert Imlay's The Emigrants, Karsten H. Piep

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Karsten H. Piep, in his paper "Separatist Nationalism in Gilbert Imlay's The Emigrants," argues that only recently rediscovered among American scholars and still awaiting much critical work, Gilbert Imlay's The Emigrants offers an intriguing case study in the complex relationship between fictional representation and late eighteenth-century nation formation. Tracing briefly the novel's reception history, Piep locates The Emigrants within the socio-political context of eighteenth-century discourses on revolution, emancipation, and independence. Taking Benedict Anderson's study on the rise of nationalism as a point of reference, Piep argues that Imlay's novel offers an example of a perhaps ...


Czech Literature, The King With The Horse's Ears, And Its Translations By Karel Havlícek Borovský And Milan Uhde, Michelle Woods Dec 2004

Czech Literature, The King With The Horse's Ears, And Its Translations By Karel Havlícek Borovský And Milan Uhde, Michelle Woods

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Michelle Woods, in her paper "Czech Literature, The King with the Horse's Ears, and Its Translations by Karel Havlícek Borovský and Milan Uhde," analyses the adaptation and "translation" of the Irish legend into the Czech language in Karel Havlícek Borovský's 1854 epic poem Král Lávra and in Milan Uhde's 1964 play Král Vávra. The translation of Irish language myths and legends into English functioned as way of constructing and disseminating the notion of a great literary and heroic past within the language of the colonizer but also in dissent to the constructions imposed by that language. Woods ...


Literary Cosmotopia And Nationalism In Ariel, Camilla Fojas Dec 2004

Literary Cosmotopia And Nationalism In Ariel, Camilla Fojas

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Camilla Fojas, in her paper "Literary Cosmotopia and Nationalism in Ariel," argues that turn-of-the-century cosmopolitan literary texts encoded political interests and that they were concerned with the proper way of being cosmopolitan and national at the same time, of forging literary and diplomatic parity between national and international interests. Unfortunately, this search for balance was beset by rhetorical and ideological prejudices manifest in phobic language about the corrupting forces of cosmopolitan effeminacy on national character. The conflict of cosmopolitanism with nationalism was played out as a kind of war between the sexes, as a gendered battle for dominance. This tension ...


Hellenism, Hebraism, And The Eugenics Of Culture In E.M. Forster's Howards End, Seth Jacobowitz Dec 2004

Hellenism, Hebraism, And The Eugenics Of Culture In E.M. Forster's Howards End, Seth Jacobowitz

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Seth Jacobowitz, in his paper "Hellenism, Hebraism, and the Eugenics of Culture in E.M. Forster's Howards End," explores how the culturalist principles of Hellenism and Hebraism theorized by Matthew Arnold as the basis of Englishness in Culture and Anarchy (1869) were incorporated into the text of E.M. Forster's Howards End (1910) to show the close institutional and conceptual linkages Forster shared with Arnold. Further, Jacobowitz seeks to bring Howards End into dialog with Forster's only major work of science fiction, The Machine Stops (1928), to address their mutual themes of eugenics, the racialization of class ...


The New Woman In Early Twentieth-Century Chinese Fiction, Jin Feng Dec 2004

The New Woman In Early Twentieth-Century Chinese Fiction, Jin Feng

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Jin Feng, in her paper "The New Woman in Early Twentieth-Century Chinese Fiction," proposes that the representation of the "new woman" in Chinese fiction was paradoxically one of the ways in which male writers of the era explored, negotiated, and laid claim to their own emerging identity as "modern" intellectuals. Previous scholarship on fiction of the period probed occasionally the thematic implications of female characters in specific works but has not engaged in systematic study of the "new woman" as a figure through a discussion of the politics of the narrative form. Feng addresses aspects of audience in early-twentieth-century Chinese ...


The Evolution Of Electronic Reference Sources, Amy S. Van Epps Oct 2004

The Evolution Of Electronic Reference Sources, Amy S. Van Epps

Libraries Research Publications

Purpose To provide a historical look at the development of web versions of reference materials and discuss what makes an easy-to-use and useful electronic handbook. Design/methodology/approach Electronic reference materials were limited to handbooks available on the web. Observations and assumptions about usability are tested with an information retrieval test for specific tasks in print and online editions of the same texts. Findings Recommended adoption of those elements which create a well designed book in combination with robust search capabilities and online presentation result in an easy-to-use and useful electronic reference source. Research limitations/implications The small sample size ...


Ondaatje's The English Patient And Altered States Of Narrative, Beverley Curran Sep 2004

Ondaatje's The English Patient And Altered States Of Narrative, Beverley Curran

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Beverley Curran argues in her paper "Ondaatje's The English Patient and Altered States of Narrative" that Ondaatje reconfigures in his novel the "romantic" figure of the father/artist as a clandestine lover, a drug addict, or an eccentric translator, all figures with dependencies. In The English Patient, the father or artist's sense of source, continuity, or authority are translated into a narrative which rejects the perverse captivity demanded of the lover and the translator by fidelity or by the tenets of realistic representation. Using sex, drugs, and translation, Ondaatje deranges both time and space to reconfigure the role ...


Post-Nationalism And The Cinematic Apparatus In Minghella's Adaptation Of Ondaatje's The English Patient, Hsuan Hsu Sep 2004

Post-Nationalism And The Cinematic Apparatus In Minghella's Adaptation Of Ondaatje's The English Patient, Hsuan Hsu

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Hsuan Hsu, in his paper "Post-Nationalism and the Cinematic Apparatus in Minghella's Adaptation of Ondaatje's The English Patient," discusses Anthony Minghella's cinematic version of Ondaatje's novel. In Hsu's view, Minghella and Ondaatje (Ondaatje collaborated on the film script) emphasize in the film the visual and social implications of mapmaking in order to align imperialism with the cinematic apparatus. While the film explores the workings of visual power, it also explores their adulteration by unmapped forces of desire: Almásy's and Katherine's adulterous relationship transgresses marital and national constraints, but also reinscribes them when Almásy ...


The Motif Of The Collector And History In Ondaatje's Work, Jon Saklofske Sep 2004

The Motif Of The Collector And History In Ondaatje's Work, Jon Saklofske

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Jon Saklofske, in his paper "The Motif of the Collector and History in Ondaatje's Work" recognizes that Ondaatje rescues Buddy Bolden from historical obscurity by elevating and complicating the musician's largely forgotten history with a self-conscious and largely fictional synthesis of memory and imagination. The liberties Ondaatje takes in Coming Through Slaughter with his subject to achieve this re-presentation and the ownership of the portrait that results exposes this type of authorial activity as a problematic appropriation. Saklofske suggests that to understand the implications of Ondaatje's activity it is useful to compare his efforts with Walter Benjamin ...


Ondaatje's The English Patient And Rewriting History, Stephanie M. Hilger Sep 2004

Ondaatje's The English Patient And Rewriting History, Stephanie M. Hilger

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Stephanie M. Hilger, in her paper "Ondaatje's The English Patient and Rewriting History," situates the novel within the long-standing Western tradition of writing about the cultural "Other," from Herodotus to Michel de Montaigne to Rudyard Kipling. Michel de Certeau's notion of history serves as a reference point for the analysis of Ondaatje's presentation of the "English" patient's story as well as of twentieth-century history. Hilger argues that the protagonist's physical mutilation is a metonymic representation of post-World War II and postcolonial consciousness. In the same way that the characters in the novel attempt to understand ...


Representations Of Buddhism In Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost, Marlene Goldman Sep 2004

Representations Of Buddhism In Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost, Marlene Goldman

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Marlene Goldman suggests in her paper "Representations of Buddhism in Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost" that at first glance Ondaatje appears to promote the idea of a Sri Lankan Buddhist faith as transcending history. Ondaatje introduces the subject of Buddhism early on in the novel, emphasizing initially the devastation wrought by imperial and colonial forces. Goldman, however, argues that subsequent references to Buddhism undermine the initial portrayal of a religion besieged by external imperialist forces. For example, at one point, the character Palipana refers to the assassination of his brother, Narada, a Buddhist monk. Narada was possibly the victim of ...


Introduction To Comparative Cultural Studies And Michael Ondaatje's Writing, Steven Tötösy De Zepetnek Sep 2004

Introduction To Comparative Cultural Studies And Michael Ondaatje's Writing, Steven Tötösy De Zepetnek

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Exploring Transnational Identities In Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost, Victoria Cook Sep 2004

Exploring Transnational Identities In Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost, Victoria Cook

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Victoria Cook, in "Exploring Transnational Identities in Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost," addresses issues of identity raised in the narrative of Michael Ondaatje's novel Anil's Ghost. Cook's paper is a close analysis of Ondaatje's novel, paying particular attention to the way in which Ondaatje examines identity as both a "construct" and a "process." The approach used is one that draws on postcolonial theory and takes a "transnational" perspective. Cook argues that Ondaatje's text moves beyond the concept of a postcolonial literature of "resistance" into an area that requires a theory of process rather than product ...


Touching The Language Of Citizenship In Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost, Sandeep Sanghera Sep 2004

Touching The Language Of Citizenship In Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost, Sandeep Sanghera

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Sandeep Sanghera, in her paper "Touching the Language of Citizenship in Ondaatje's Anil's Ghost" discusses questions which make Ondaatje's novel a text about postmodern identity: who is this woman Anil who lives mostly in the West, travels on a British passport, works for an international organization, and no longer has any real ties to her first home? In the paper, these questions are examined via the languages Anil adopts and abandons in the novel. Sanghera elaborates on the question of foreign-ness represented by the protagonist of the novel; however, this foreign-ness is examined in the particular context ...


Oral History And The Writing Of The Other In Ondaatje's In The Skin Of A Lion, Winfried Siemerling Sep 2004

Oral History And The Writing Of The Other In Ondaatje's In The Skin Of A Lion, Winfried Siemerling

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Winfried Siemerling argues in his paper "Oral History and the Writing of the Other in Ondaatje's In the Skin of a Lion" that the simulation of oral narratives in the novel imagines the conveyance of oral histories of immigrant experiences obscured by historiography. The narrative device of simulated orality -- the written text casts itself as the outcome of serial story-telling -- serves here to introduce erstwhile anonymous societal actors as makers of history, and emphasizes the collective production of story and history. Oral narratives emerge dreamlike like light out of darkness in this text; yet light, like writing, creates a ...


Reading Ondaatje's Poetry, Eluned Summers-Bremner Sep 2004

Reading Ondaatje's Poetry, Eluned Summers-Bremner

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

Eluned Summers-Bremner pursues in her paper "Reading Ondaatje's Poetry" a psychoanalytic reading of Ondaatje's poetry based on Lacan's thought, highlighting occasions where nature and culture meet. Focusing on the volumes Secular Love and The Man with Seven Toes, Summers-Bremner explores how nature's troubled regions are navigated through the structural estrangement of looking for a name. In Lacanian terms, a proper name signals the contradiction of one's belonging to a biological or other kind of family, whence one's name often arises, and being a user or respondent of language, which produces meaning through its infringement ...


Selected Bibliography Of Michael Ondaatje's Texts And Studies About Michael Ondaatje's Texts, Steven Tötösy De Zepetnek Sep 2004

Selected Bibliography Of Michael Ondaatje's Texts And Studies About Michael Ondaatje's Texts, Steven Tötösy De Zepetnek

CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture

No abstract provided.


Tib - An Organisation With A Cost-Effective, Strategy-Oriented Approach, Petra Düren Jun 2004

Tib - An Organisation With A Cost-Effective, Strategy-Oriented Approach, Petra Düren

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


The Economics Of Services In Changing Environment, Arja-Riita Haarala Jun 2004

The Economics Of Services In Changing Environment, Arja-Riita Haarala

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

This presentation concentrates on the management issues associated with providing library and information services in a changing environment. The transition from print to digital media has been a success story in many countries. At the same time, libraries are under increasing pressure to justify their expenditure. An answer to the crucial question is needed: Does this expenditure in terms of costs and benefits justify the services delivered? Publishers have encouraged the new trend by offering resources in digital format at little or no additional cost to the print subscription, but how will it be the future. New pricing models are ...


Quality Management/Change Management: Two Sides Of The Same Coin?, Felicity Mcgregor Jun 2004

Quality Management/Change Management: Two Sides Of The Same Coin?, Felicity Mcgregor

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

Change management strategies, as discussed in the literature, commonly share similar approaches and processes. Quality management or business excellence frameworks include many of the elements seen to be essential to effective change management. By adopting a management framework, a holistic approach to organisational change, development and innovation can be achieved. Instead of managing change as a series of events, a system wide approach is adopted. The disparate elements of effective management practice: human resources, industrial relations, customer relationship management, leadership strategies and planning processes are all integrated in a model underpinned by a systems approach and informed by systematic data ...


Middle Management In Libraries: Is It A Hug Or A Squeeze?, Shabiran Rahman Jun 2004

Middle Management In Libraries: Is It A Hug Or A Squeeze?, Shabiran Rahman

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


High-Density Off-Site Storage In North American Research Libraries, Scott Seaman Jun 2004

High-Density Off-Site Storage In North American Research Libraries, Scott Seaman

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Management Based On Reliable Comparative Data. Library Statistics And Performance Indicators. A Common Project Of Polish Research Libraries, Lidia Derfert-Wolf, Marek M. Górski, Marzena Marcinek Jun 2004

Management Based On Reliable Comparative Data. Library Statistics And Performance Indicators. A Common Project Of Polish Research Libraries, Lidia Derfert-Wolf, Marek M. Górski, Marzena Marcinek

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

The paper reports the results of the on-going research on performance indicators and library statistics for Polish research libraries. It is a continuation of activity realised in the frame of the EU Tempus Project "Development of Library Management as a Part of the University Total Quality Management". The Task Group for Standardisation presently conducts it in the frame of the national project financed from the funds of the Ministry of National Education and Sport. The first part of the paper presents the results of the EU Tempus Project. The second part describes the tools for library performance evaluation applied in ...


Science And Technology Libraries In Evolution: Adaptation And Synergy For Survival And Success, Paul Nieuwenhuysen Jun 2004

Science And Technology Libraries In Evolution: Adaptation And Synergy For Survival And Success, Paul Nieuwenhuysen

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

A brief overview is presented of some challenges that science and technology libraries have to face, caused by the evolution from classical libraries towards more electronic and digital libraries. This is a consequence of the fast evolution in information and communication technology (ICT) that has lead to more applications of ICT, not only to manage classical libraries, but also to create, distribute and access information resources in digital format through computer networks.


A New Era In Library And Information Collaboration In New Zealand, Ainslie Dewe Jun 2004

A New Era In Library And Information Collaboration In New Zealand, Ainslie Dewe

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

The New Zealand government has signalled a new era for collaboration by establishing a Library and Information Advisory Commission (LIAC) under the National Library of New Zealand Act 2003. The statutory purpose of the Commission is to “provide advice to the Minister on library and information issues, including mātauranga Māori”. LIAC is required to take account of recent national and international developments in relation to library and information services. The promotion of collaboration in relation to protecting, preserving and promoting access to information is specifically listed as a key responsibility of LIAC. LIAC is an independent advisor to government via ...


Krakow Library Group As An Example Of A Regional Library Cooperation, Ewa Dobrzyńska-Lankosz, Anna Sokołowska-Gogut Jun 2004

Krakow Library Group As An Example Of A Regional Library Cooperation, Ewa Dobrzyńska-Lankosz, Anna Sokołowska-Gogut

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


The Changing Of The Guard Or : Moving From Paper To "E" With A New Financial Model, Johan Engelbrecht Jun 2004

The Changing Of The Guard Or : Moving From Paper To "E" With A New Financial Model, Johan Engelbrecht

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

The Changing of the Guard, or Moving from Print to “E” with a new Financial Model. Johan Engelbrecht, Univ of Stellenbosch During the past decade academic libraries all over the world have been faced with escalating costs which made budgeting for information resources, and especially academic journals, a nightmare. Libraries in South Africa were no exception, and the matter was made worse by the continuous weakening of the South African currency against major overseas currencies such as the Dollar and the Euro. In 2002 alone the South African Rand weakened by as much as 40% against the American Dollar. This ...


To Be Or Not To Be Together: Is There A Choice? (Keynote Paper), Elena Maceviciute Jun 2004

To Be Or Not To Be Together: Is There A Choice? (Keynote Paper), Elena Maceviciute

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

The paper aims to reflect on the aims of contemporary regional library co-operation, its reasons, forms and types of co-operation. It introduces the concept of regional co-operation, follows the historical development of its types, forms, models, and complexity. The emphasis is on the essential difference of modern library co-operation from earlier periods, its drivers and inhibitors, main actors and ultimate possibilities that is open as an intermediary level between local and international library work.


Management And Re-Organization Of An Academic Library In Continuously Changing Environment, Bulent Karasozen, Ebru Gurbuz Jun 2004

Management And Re-Organization Of An Academic Library In Continuously Changing Environment, Bulent Karasozen, Ebru Gurbuz

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.


Library Services For A Digital Library: Implementation Of A Single Service Desk And Enhanced Outreach (Poster), Eeva K. Munoz, Harriet Rykse Jun 2004

Library Services For A Digital Library: Implementation Of A Single Service Desk And Enhanced Outreach (Poster), Eeva K. Munoz, Harriet Rykse

Proceedings of the IATUL Conferences

No abstract provided.