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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Specialized Regional Conferences Support The Professional Development Of Subject Librarians: A 5-Year Analysis Of The Great Lakes Science Boot Camps For Librarians, Bethany S. Mcgowan, Jennifer Hart, Karen Hum May 2020

Specialized Regional Conferences Support The Professional Development Of Subject Librarians: A 5-Year Analysis Of The Great Lakes Science Boot Camps For Librarians, Bethany S. Mcgowan, Jennifer Hart, Karen Hum

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Conference attendance can play an important role in supporting the professional development of subject librarians by offering opportunities that allow librarians to learn about new services, strategies, and technologies while growing and maintaining professional networks. However, barriers such as accessibility challenges, budgetary and resource restrictions, difficulty measuring learning gains, and difficulty measuring the value of professional development when applied to the job can restrict opportunities for many librarians. Specialized regional conferences have the potential to reduce many of these barriers. How can librarians, library administrators and conference organizers quantify the value of regional conference attendance as an accessible means for ...


Australian National Audit Office: Evaluating Australian Army Program Performance, Bert Chapman Apr 2020

Australian National Audit Office: Evaluating Australian Army Program Performance, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

The Australian National Audit Office (ANAO) evaluates the management and financial performance of Australian government programs for the Australian Parliament, Australian government agencies, Australian taxpayers, and individuals interested in the performance of these programs globally. This article examines how ANAO has examined the performance of Australian Army programs and strengths and weaknesses found in these programs while recommending changes to improve program performance. It also examines how government agencies and corporations which have been the subject of ANAO analyses have reacted to ANAO findings. This assessment also examines how Plan B (the possibility that Australia might have to rely less ...


Adding Data Literacy Skills To Your Toolkit, Megan R. Sapp Nelson Mar 2020

Adding Data Literacy Skills To Your Toolkit, Megan R. Sapp Nelson

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

DEVELOPING SELECTED SKILLS IN DATA LITERACY AND MANAGEMENT CAN HELP LIBRARIANS MAKE A SUBSTANTIAL CONTRIBUTION TO THE STABILITY AND LONG-TERM PRESERVATION OF DATA AT THEIR ORGANIZATION.


On-The-Job Information Literacy: A Case Study Of Student Employees At Purdue University Archives And Special Collections, Tracy Grimm, Neal Harmeyer Feb 2020

On-The-Job Information Literacy: A Case Study Of Student Employees At Purdue University Archives And Special Collections, Tracy Grimm, Neal Harmeyer

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

This chapter presents Purdue Archives and Special Collections as a case study in growing an organizational culture committed to teaching information literacy parallel to classroom learning through student worker experiential learning. While student employment or internships may not traditionally be considered co-curricular activities, Purdue University Archives and Special Collections provides an environment not only for students to gain pre-professional experience but also expertise, confidence, and competence in information; for many students, this preparation has resulted in careers in museums, archives, libraries, and cultural heritage institutions. The result is a new approach to student employment: one designed to establish an environment ...


Student Information Use And Decision-Making In Innovation Competitions And The Impact Of Librarian Interventions, Heather A. Howard, Dave Zwicky Nov 2019

Student Information Use And Decision-Making In Innovation Competitions And The Impact Of Librarian Interventions, Heather A. Howard, Dave Zwicky

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

At a large Midwestern university, librarians work closely with an annual undergraduate agricultural innovation competition to guide students through the process of conducting market research and assessing patentability. In 2018, the authors conducted an exploratory study using focus groups of students who had participated in that year’s competition in order to learn how students find and use information in a competition setting, to evaluate the impact of library support on the students’ success, and inform further assessment activities. Results showed that students used information from the library and from their own research, notably seeking out first-hand expertise, to practice ...


Recent U.S. And International Assessment Of Baltic Security Developments, Bert Chapman Sep 2019

Recent U.S. And International Assessment Of Baltic Security Developments, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this paper is to analyse Baltic security developments from U.S. government and military resources, scholarly journal articles, and multinational public policy research institute assessments. METHODS: The aim is to analyse the content and rhetoric within these resources to learn how those producing these materials view Baltic security developments and their viewpoints on how the U.S. and its allies should respond to these developments focusing on increasing Russian regional assertiveness. RESULTS: The author provides interpretations of Baltic security developments, Russian Baltic policy, and U.S. and NATO responses to these developments in materials produced by ...


The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman Aug 2019

The Baltics And Ukraine: Geopolitical Hotspots, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Provides detailed historical overview and contemporary analysis on why the Baltics and Ukraine are historical and remain contemporary geopolitical hotspots. Provides analysis of cultural economic, environmental, and security factors influencing long-standing contentiousness over these regions. Places emphasis on how Russian behavior and policies influence this contentiousness. Concludes by noting that differences between the U.S. and its allies and conflicts within the U.S. Government may limit the ability of the U.S. to effectively respond to events in these disputed regions.


Mapping Industry Standards And Integration Opportunities In Business Management Curricula, Margaret Phillips, Heather Howard, Alyson Vaaler, David E. Hubbard Jul 2019

Mapping Industry Standards And Integration Opportunities In Business Management Curricula, Margaret Phillips, Heather Howard, Alyson Vaaler, David E. Hubbard

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Industry standards have a significant impact on business as a means to eliminate waste, reduce costs, market products (e.g., for quality, safety, interoperability) and lessen liability (Thompson, 2011). Consequently, an understanding and the ability to use standards, agreed upon practices among interested or vested parties, is a critical workplace competency for those engaged in business and industry. To have a workforce competent in the use of standards, higher education curricula must be developed to integrate standards education at appropriate points within the curriculum. Despite the importance of standards, they are not universally integrated into the college and university curricula ...


The Role Of The University Library In Creating Inclusive Healthcare Hackathons: A Case Study With Design Thinking Processes, Bethany S. Mcgowan Jul 2019

The Role Of The University Library In Creating Inclusive Healthcare Hackathons: A Case Study With Design Thinking Processes, Bethany S. Mcgowan

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Librarians can utilize design thinking practices to develop instructional materials, in the development of new products and services, and in prototyping novel solutions to problems. This paper will explore the role of design thinking in teaching and learning via the use of the Blended Librarians Adapted Addie Model (BLAAM), and will illustrate how well-designed learning approaches can be used to create inclusive learning environments. It will present a case study showcasing how an academic health sciences librarian utilized a design thinking process to create a health data literacy instruction service that encourages diverse participation in healthcare hackathons.


Thoughts On Patents And Information Literacy, Dave Zwicky Mar 2019

Thoughts On Patents And Information Literacy, Dave Zwicky

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Patents are an under-used information source, in part because of an often-narrow focus by patent librarians on the tools and techniques of patentability searching. This approach can ignore a range of potential applications of patent information, using patents in their contexts as technical, design, historical, legal, and commercial documents. This paper suggests the adoption of a flexible approach, viewing patents and patent information in the greater context of information literacy, including that of the Association of College and Research Libraries’ Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education, more commonly known as the ACRL Framework.


Connecting Researchers To Data Repositories In The Earth, Space, And Environmental Sciences, Michael Witt, Shelley Stall, Ruth Duerr, Raymond Plante, Martin Fenner, Robin Dasler, Patricia Cruse, Sophie Hou, Robert Ulrich, Danie Kinkade Feb 2019

Connecting Researchers To Data Repositories In The Earth, Space, And Environmental Sciences, Michael Witt, Shelley Stall, Ruth Duerr, Raymond Plante, Martin Fenner, Robin Dasler, Patricia Cruse, Sophie Hou, Robert Ulrich, Danie Kinkade

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

The Repository Finder tool was developed to help researchers in the domain of Earth, space, and environmental sciences to identify appropriate repositories where they can deposit their research data and to promote practices that implement the FAIR Principles, encouraging progress toward sharing data that are findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable. Requirements for the design of the tool were gathered through a series of workshops and working groups as a part of the Enabling FAIR Data initiative led by the American Geophysical Union that included the development of a decision tree that researchers may follow in selecting a data repository, interviews ...


Integrating Technical Standards Into Et Curricula To Meet Abet Standards And Industry Needs, Paul B Mcpherson, Margaret Phillips, Kyle Reiter Jan 2019

Integrating Technical Standards Into Et Curricula To Meet Abet Standards And Industry Needs, Paul B Mcpherson, Margaret Phillips, Kyle Reiter

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

With technical standards affecting nearly every aspect of our daily lives, from computers to the components and materials used in car engines, it is critical that undergraduate students are educated on the importance of standards and provided with opportunities to locate and apply relevant technical standards to real world situations. In addition, with ABET accreditation requiring students to have a “basic understanding and familiarity with,” and experience “using” codes and standards, faculty need to consider how such material can be naturally integrated into the curriculum.

At Purdue University, education about codes and standards has been integrated into the mechanical engineering ...


Standards Collections: Considerations For The Future, Margaret Phillips Jan 2019

Standards Collections: Considerations For The Future, Margaret Phillips

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Technical standards are a form of gray literature that describe consensus for a wide variety of applications. They promote safety, quality, and interchangeability of parts. In academic libraries, standards have largely been associated with engineering collections, despite having connections to many disciplines. Engineering and technology accreditation bodies and employers continue to expect graduates to have knowledge and experience with standards upon graduation. This article provides a brief history of standards collection development in academic libraries, discusses the challenges of standards collections, shares a case study of standards information literacy curricula integration, and offers considerations for the future of standards collections.


Unsubstantiated Conclusions: A Scoping Review On Generational Differences Of Leadership In Academic Libraries, Erin R. B. Eldermire, Erla P. Heyns, Heather A. Howard Jan 2019

Unsubstantiated Conclusions: A Scoping Review On Generational Differences Of Leadership In Academic Libraries, Erin R. B. Eldermire, Erla P. Heyns, Heather A. Howard

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

The academic library profession is experiencing a large turnover in leadership. To date, information on differences in the generational expectations about how to lead is scarce and the research is contradictory. This article presents a scoping review of the literature on generational expectations of academic library leaders. Based on predefined eligibility criteria, the authors searched twelve bibliographic databases and performed a broad web search. 5,435 articles were located and considered for inclusion, however, only four eligible articles were identified and included for analysis. There is little empirical evidence that generational differences are evident in the academic library setting or ...


The Value Of Standards For Teaching, Research, And Facilities Use At Princeton And Purdue, Anya C. Bartelmann, Margaret Phillips Jan 2019

The Value Of Standards For Teaching, Research, And Facilities Use At Princeton And Purdue, Anya C. Bartelmann, Margaret Phillips

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

This PowerPoint presentation was delivered as part of the 2019 ASME Library Advisory Board Annual Meeting.


How Do Professional Engineers Use Information Compared To Undergraduates, And How Can Libraries Prepare Students And Support Engineers For Future Success?, Margaret Phillips, Michael Fosmire, Kristin Petersheim, Laura Turner, Jing Lu Jun 2018

How Do Professional Engineers Use Information Compared To Undergraduates, And How Can Libraries Prepare Students And Support Engineers For Future Success?, Margaret Phillips, Michael Fosmire, Kristin Petersheim, Laura Turner, Jing Lu

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Librarians at Purdue University seek to develop engineering graduates who are effective information users. Similarly, information specialists at Caterpillar Inc. are concerned with how well new hires are prepared for the information landscape at work as practicing engineers. Librarians from Purdue University and Caterpillar partnered to create and disseminate a survey to compare how students and practicing engineers seek and use information in the research process. Within a framework that asked survey participants to think about information use in a recently completed project, responses highlighted several gaps in information literacy training, including the use of external standards and internal document ...


Inspiring Innovation With Patent Information Literacy In The Engineering Technology Curriculum, Dave Zwicky, Margaret Phillips Jun 2018

Inspiring Innovation With Patent Information Literacy In The Engineering Technology Curriculum, Dave Zwicky, Margaret Phillips

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Patents have wide appeal to students, faculty, and employers and can be a potent tool for integrating information literacy (IL) into engineering and technology curricula. There is evidence to show that students use patents to assess the patentability of their design ideas, explore the state of the art in a given area of technology, and to inspire creativity in their work. Faculty use patents and other complementary forms of gray literature to go beyond the traditional IL world of scholarly literature and engage students with information problems that reflect real-world design challenges. Working with patents allows students to develop strategic ...


Academic Libraries Support Cross-Disciplinary Innovation And Entrepreneurship, Heather A. Howard, Dave Zwicky, Margaret Phillips Jun 2018

Academic Libraries Support Cross-Disciplinary Innovation And Entrepreneurship, Heather A. Howard, Dave Zwicky, Margaret Phillips

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Supporting innovation is essential in today’s academic ecosystem, and libraries are well-positioned to connect prospective entrepreneurs with the myriad resources and services available. Libraries are able to leverage pre-existing collaborations and partnerships with groups both inside and outside the university (from local community groups to international level organizations); libraries’ status as information brokers across disciplinary boundaries also enables them to make new connections with a wide array of potential stakeholders. Librarians from different subject specialties will share experiences and discuss ways in which libraries can support global entrepreneurship efforts by university faculty, staff, and students, as well as the ...


Standards Are Everywhere: A Freely Available Introductory Online Educational Program On Standardization For Product Development, Margaret Phillips, Michael Fosmire, Paul B Mcpherson May 2018

Standards Are Everywhere: A Freely Available Introductory Online Educational Program On Standardization For Product Development, Margaret Phillips, Michael Fosmire, Paul B Mcpherson

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

The collaboration between the Purdue Libraries and the Purdue Polytechnic Institute on standards education goes back to the 1980’s.[i] With a shared goal of preparing students for success after graduation, the Libraries and (then) Department of Mechanical Engineering Technology (MET) devised activities and instruction to show students that they will need to be able to find information ‘beyond the textbook’ to solve the problems they will face in the workplace. They will need specific information that relates to their particular circumstance, whether it is a material property, production technique, or an industry standard.

In recent years, the Libraries ...


The Geopolitics Of Canadian Defense White Papers: Lofty Rhetoric And Limited Results, Bert Chapman Mar 2018

The Geopolitics Of Canadian Defense White Papers: Lofty Rhetoric And Limited Results, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

As the United States northern neighbor, Canada serves as a NATO ally and a strategic partner with Washington through the North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD). Canadian forces have fought honorably and bravely in concert with American forces in many wars. Canada's government, however, has been less consistent in promoting a credible vision of Canadian national security policy and geopolitical interests in its defense white papers. These documents have often contained idealistic rhetoric about adhering to a rules-based international order and defending freedom. In reality, Canadian governments of varying political parties have consistently failed to provide the sustained funding ...


Academic Libraries On Social Media: Finding The Students And The Information They Want, Heather A. Howard, Sarah E. Huber, Elizabeth A. Moore, Lisa Carter Mar 2018

Academic Libraries On Social Media: Finding The Students And The Information They Want, Heather A. Howard, Sarah E. Huber, Elizabeth A. Moore, Lisa Carter

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Librarians from Purdue University wanted to determine which social media platforms students use, which platforms they would like the library to use, and what content they would like to see from the library on each of these platforms. We conducted a survey at four of the nine campus libraries to determine student social media habits and preferences. Results show that students currently use Facebook, YouTube, and Snapchat more than other social media types; however, students responded that they would like to see the library on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. Students wanted nearly all types of content from the libraries on ...


A Quick Look At Nvivo, Margaret Phillips, Jing Lu Jan 2018

A Quick Look At Nvivo, Margaret Phillips, Jing Lu

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

NVivo (QSR International, n.d.a) is software developed by QSR International for qualitative data analysis, such as content analysis and narrative analysis. The software provides a workspace for researchers to store, manage, query, and analyze unstructureddata, including text, images, audio, video, and other data types. NVivo has been used inmany library and information science studies, including to analyze interview data (Wiley& Mischo, 2016), student assignments (Insua, Lantz, & Armstrong, 2018; Phillips & Zwicky, 2017), and survey data (Gibbs, Boettcher, Hollingsworth & Slania, 2012). NVivo allows users to complete multiple qualitative analysis functions on the platform, including sorting and filtering raw data, discovering and building relationships amongdata, assigning and defining themes ...


Effective Methods Of Engineering Information Literacy: Initial Steps Of A Systematic Literature Review And Observations About The Literature, Margaret Phillips, Amy Van Epps, Nastasha Johnson, Dave Zwicky Jan 2018

Effective Methods Of Engineering Information Literacy: Initial Steps Of A Systematic Literature Review And Observations About The Literature, Margaret Phillips, Amy Van Epps, Nastasha Johnson, Dave Zwicky

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Background – There is a body of information literacy (IL) literature applied to undergraduate engineering students, much of which discusses different methods for teaching, such as classes/one-shots, online tutorials, gaming, and other interventions. It is important for librarians to know which methods of teaching engineering information literacy (EIL) are most effective for student learning, in order to make efficient and effective use of student and librarian time.

Purpose/Hypothesis – The authors reviewed the existing literature to find indications of the most effective methods for teaching and/or integrating EIL, both in face-to-face and online instruction.

Design/Method – The authors have ...


Mapping Information Literacy Using The Business Research Competencies, Heather A. Howard, Nora Wood, Ilana Stonebraker Jan 2018

Mapping Information Literacy Using The Business Research Competencies, Heather A. Howard, Nora Wood, Ilana Stonebraker

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Purpose

Librarians in higher education have adopted curriculum mapping in an effort to determine where effective information literacy instruction can help fill gaps in curriculum and prepare students both for coursework and for future research demands. While curriculum mapping has been utilized widely across academia, few studies have considered business curriculum and the development of information literacy instruction. This paper will provide an overview of the current landscape of curriculum mapping across business courses at two institutions and will provide a replicable methodology for other institutions.

Design/methodology/approach

In this paper, the authors will examine two case studies at ...


Information Literacy In Engineering Technology Education: A Case Study, Margaret Phillips, Dave Zwicky Jan 2018

Information Literacy In Engineering Technology Education: A Case Study, Margaret Phillips, Dave Zwicky

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Information literacy is a vital component of engineering and engineering technology programs, as evidenced by its alignment with the engineering design process, and as required by ABET, the body that accredits all engineering and many engineering technology undergraduate programs. However, information literacy in engineering technology and applied engineering curricula is understudied when compared with information literacy in engineering programs. This paper describes a case study of information literacy integration into an undergraduate mechanical engineering technology design course, with a focus on patent information and patent searching. Online pre- and post-assessment data for four semesters were analyzed, showing improvements in student ...


The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman Nov 2017

The Geopolitics Of Rare Earth Elements: Emerging Challenge For U.S. National Security And Economics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rare earth elements (REE) contain unique chemical and physical properties such as lanthanum, are found in small concentrations, need extensive precise processes to separate, and are critical components of modern technologies such as laser guidance systems, personal electronics such as IPhones, satellites, and military weapons systems as varied as Virginia-class fast attack submarines, DDG- 51 Aegis destroyers, the F-35 Joint Strike Fighter, and precision guided munitions. The U.S. has some rare earth resources, but is heavily dependent on access to them from countries as varied as Afghanistan, Bolivia, and China. Losing access to these resources would have significant adverse ...


Rayyan For Systematic Reviews, Nastasha Johnson, Margaret Phillips Nov 2017

Rayyan For Systematic Reviews, Nastasha Johnson, Margaret Phillips

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Rayyan is a free, online application to assist researchers with systematic review methodology and meta-analysis projects. Rayyan is one of many software products of QCRI, Qatar Computing Research Institute, a creative and innovative entity of the Qatar Foundation for Education, Science and Community Development, similar in many ways to the U.S. Department of Education.

Rayyan allows users to upload citations and full-text articles as a part of a single review, or the ability to create several review projects, or even collaborate on publicly available projects. Rayyan aims to offer researchers a one stop dashboard to work through the details ...


Failure As Process: Interrogating Disaster, Loss, And Recovery In Digital Preservation, Carly Dearborn, Sam Meister Aug 2017

Failure As Process: Interrogating Disaster, Loss, And Recovery In Digital Preservation, Carly Dearborn, Sam Meister

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Disaster, loss, and failure preoccupy the minds of many digital preservation professionals and yet, despite the prominence of digital disaster planning guidelines which seem to anticipate failure, there is limited discussion of experience with preservation system or network failures, which are often framed as inevitable in digital preservation. Despite this framing, negative perceptions of failure influence the digital preservation discourse by associating failure with poor planning, unreliability, and untrustworthiness on the part of institutions. This article will interrogate the issue of failure within the digital preservation field and consider the need for more conversations around network failure and recovery. The ...


Sloan On Geopolitics, Geography, And Strategy History In Geopolitics, Bert Chapman Jun 2017

Sloan On Geopolitics, Geography, And Strategy History In Geopolitics, Bert Chapman

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

Geopolitical literature is experiencing a renaissance and scholars representing classical and critical perspectives in this field bring multifaceted assessments to historical and current international political and security issues. Sloan’s Geopolitics, Geography and Strategic History, which is part of Routledge’s Geopolitical Theory Series, examines connections between geography, strategy, and history and is the subject of this review and analysis. Three thesis questions examined by the author include why the geographical scope of political objectives and following strategies of nation states change, how do these changes occur, and over what time period do these changes occur. Sloan examines why the ...


Spatial Information Literacy For Digital Humanities: The Case Study Of Leveraging Geospatial Information For African American History Education., Nicole Kong, Cornelius Bynum, Chrystal Johnson, Jennifer Sdunzik, Xiaoyue Qin Jun 2017

Spatial Information Literacy For Digital Humanities: The Case Study Of Leveraging Geospatial Information For African American History Education., Nicole Kong, Cornelius Bynum, Chrystal Johnson, Jennifer Sdunzik, Xiaoyue Qin

Libraries Faculty and Staff Scholarship and Research

The rise of “digital humanities” and the “spatial turn” in the humanities has generated many new insights in the study of culture, history, literature, and arts. Within this research trend, the library's geospatial service can play an active role by introducing spatial information literacy and technology. In this article, we use the information literacy framework to explore the library's role in supporting digital humanities by introducing a successful collaboration involving a librarian and history and education researchers in hosting a National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH)-funded summer institute for school teachers. Our results suggest that the framework ...