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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Cuban Health Paradigm: An Exploratory Analysis Through Lgbtq And Hiv/Aids Individual Perspectives, Sarah Dryfoos Feb 2019

The Cuban Health Paradigm: An Exploratory Analysis Through Lgbtq And Hiv/Aids Individual Perspectives, Sarah Dryfoos

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

The purpose of this research project was to develop an understanding of the social, systemic, interpersonal, structural, and political dynamics of the health care system in Cuba. This was done by selecting two populations of focus; LGBTQ and HIV/AIDS positive individuals. The health care system and social determinants of health are analyzed using these two populations as lenses. While there is a plethora of information about the formal Cuban health care system, there is a dearth of literature pertaining to the social determinants, especially as it relates to LGBTQ Cubans and their quality of life and health care experience ...


Education And The Economy: The Rising Private Sector’S Effect On University Enrollment And Post-Graduation Employment In Contemporary Cuba, Adriane Bolliger Feb 2019

Education And The Economy: The Rising Private Sector’S Effect On University Enrollment And Post-Graduation Employment In Contemporary Cuba, Adriane Bolliger

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

During Cuba’s Socialist Revolution of the 1960s, the education system was restructured to train and prepare citizens as part of the subsidized state-owned universal education model. In a centrally-planned system like Cuba’s, the state determines the needs of the economy and provides corresponding funding for associated educational and vocational training programs. Students who graduate from these programs transition into government jobs with modest stipends to support the state. Fidel Castro envisioned this system as the solution to Cuba’s instability based on full employment and prosperity for the public and for the state.

Change came in 2008 when ...


Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback Feb 2019

Exploring The Cultural And Infrastructural Impacts Of Consumerism On The New Cuba, Grace Stainback

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper seeks to explore how a shifting economic model and an increasing influx of U.S. tourism, customs, and products will impact consumerism and waste in Cuba. The paper begins by charting the rise of an unwitting conservationist culture among Cubans, built out of necessity as a response to Castro-era economic hardships. This is followed by a discussion of recent Cuban economic reforms and the rise of tourism, private enterprise and material luxury in Cuba. For the emerging autonomous economic class who have shouldered decades of scarcity, the social and economic values of consumerism far outweigh any perceived environmental ...


The “Necessary Evil”: State And Non-State Sector Interactions In Cuba And Effects On Public Services, Laura Lyons Feb 2019

The “Necessary Evil”: State And Non-State Sector Interactions In Cuba And Effects On Public Services, Laura Lyons

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Five years after Lineamientos reforms were approved by the 2011 Communist Party Congress, the effects are beginning to emerge. The development of the private or non-State sector in particular has begun to cause shifts in the economic, social, and political landscape as Cuba continues to adapt to and implement these changes. This paper explores the effects of the expansion of the non-State sector on the delivery of State-run public services, especially education, health care, and other social services. Four possible orientations between the State and non-State sector are explored in general and in the context of existing literature on Cuba ...


The Effects Of Policy On Cuban Transnational Families, Zoë Flanagan Feb 2019

The Effects Of Policy On Cuban Transnational Families, Zoë Flanagan

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper examines the effects of nations’ policies on transnational families, specifically looking at Cuban families. Transnationalism is a relatively young theory, it was developed in the mid-1990s as an alternative to the migration theories of assimilation and integration. Scholars argued at the time that migrants were actively maintaining ties with their homeland while also establishing themselves in their respective receiving nations. The transnational practices of families are greatly impacted by the policies of both the home nation and the receiving nation, making Cuba a unique case to examine given the governments’ extreme control over migration since the revolution in ...


History In Motion: Seeing Cuba’S Future Through The Past And Present, Kevin Kecskes Dec 2018

History In Motion: Seeing Cuba’S Future Through The Past And Present, Kevin Kecskes

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This article is a foreword for Volume 3, Issue 1 of the Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs.


Symposium On Homelessness, Jan Roberson, Taylor Campi, Alexandre Pomar, Molly Harvis, Matthew Ulsh, Julia Taylor, Amanda Rapinchuk, Aaron Kaufman Jun 2017

Symposium On Homelessness, Jan Roberson, Taylor Campi, Alexandre Pomar, Molly Harvis, Matthew Ulsh, Julia Taylor, Amanda Rapinchuk, Aaron Kaufman

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

On May 19, 2017, the Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs cohosted a symposium to address the pervasive issue of homelessness as it pertained to the city of Portland, Oregon and its greater metropolitan area. Included are the papers presented at the symposium.


Communities Of Concentrated Poverty: A Proposal For Oregon, Sara A. Chopp Jun 2017

Communities Of Concentrated Poverty: A Proposal For Oregon, Sara A. Chopp

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper is a proposal for how to address poverty in Oregon based on information gathered from interviewing experts in the field and reviewing literature produced by scholars and organizations that address issues related to poverty. The following outlines how we can best address communities of concentrated poverty in Oregon by (1) Addressing communities of concentrated poverty as well as individuals in poverty; (2) Designing efforts that focus on race, equity and social mobility; (3) Defining communities of concentrated poverty using a multidimensional definition based on the dimensions of poverty outlined in The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development’s ...


Equity And Access To Health Care In Rural Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, Jessica Currier Jun 2017

Equity And Access To Health Care In Rural Quang Nam Province, Vietnam, Jessica Currier

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This paper will addresses access to health care in rural Quang Nam Province in Vietnam. In doing so, it will examine the existing literature surrounding healthcare in Vietnam and compare it with the shortage of physicians in the study area and how that impacts who is able to receive care. The research presented in this paper synthesizes this analysis with interviews conducted by the author with policymakers and health care professionals in the study area. The paper concludes by offering policy recommendations that may rectify the healthcare issues that pervade the study area.


School Vouchers: A Vehicle To Induce Greater Competition Among Public Schools, Julianne Bozzo Jun 2017

School Vouchers: A Vehicle To Induce Greater Competition Among Public Schools, Julianne Bozzo

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

This article argues that current research on school voucher programs misses a crucial point about the variability of vouchers’ effectiveness across school districts. Most research on school vouchers analyzes the effect of voucher programs on student achievement without engaging in a more fine-grained analysis to assess which districts see student success and which do not. This article seeks to correct course by synthesizing various strands of the leading research studies to conclude that vouchers have the strongest impact on the lowest- and highest-performing public-school students and in the most competitive school districts. Analyses of this sort—which avoid one-size-fits-all conclusions ...


Advancing Rationality With Sustainability: An Analysis Of Agent-Based Simulation, Osman Goktug Tanrikulu Jun 2017

Advancing Rationality With Sustainability: An Analysis Of Agent-Based Simulation, Osman Goktug Tanrikulu

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Today, falling trends of species and ecosystem in the world due to overconsumption and destruction of natural resources are at critical levels. It is vital for humanity to operate with sustainable and resilient modes of production and consumption. In this regard, this paper examines the basic premise of rationality and introduces sustainability as an advancement to the theoretical concept of rationality. Thus, a rational mindset and a sustainable mindset are compared under depletion of environmental resources. The understanding of rationality in the analysis is based on Garett Hardin’s (1968) ‘the tragedy of the commons’ model, in which actors are ...


Masthead, Robert Cheney Jun 2017

Masthead, Robert Cheney

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

No abstract provided.


Editor's Introduction, Robert Cheney Jun 2017

Editor's Introduction, Robert Cheney

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

No abstract provided.


Policy Analysis: Minimum Wage In The Portland Metropolitan Area, Aaron Kaufman Jun 2016

Policy Analysis: Minimum Wage In The Portland Metropolitan Area, Aaron Kaufman

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Oregon’s current minimum wage of $9.25 per hour is unsustainable as it does not provide adequate nutritional resources or housing for full time employees. Additionally, employers of minimum wage workers often rely on social safety net benefits for their workers which effectively subsidize wages. This creates an unnecessary burden on the taxpayer. Oregon Senate Bill 1532 increases the minimum wage incrementally within Portland’s Metropolitan Area to $14.75 in 2022. This wage provides full time minimum wage workers enough income for adequate nutrition and reasonable housing while reducing reliance on social safety net programs.


How Has Religiosity Influenced The Restrictiveness Of Marriage Immigration Policy In Serbia, Denmark, And The United States?, Uros Prokic Jun 2016

How Has Religiosity Influenced The Restrictiveness Of Marriage Immigration Policy In Serbia, Denmark, And The United States?, Uros Prokic

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

The following paper draws attention and investigates the impact of religion, specifically religiosity, on the development of marriage immigration policy in Serbia, Denmark, and the United States. In directly comparing between the three states, significant evidence suggests that religiosity has clearly influenced the restrictiveness of marriage immigration policy altogether. Whether indirectly or indirectly, through a defined politico-religious institution or a call to cultural religious tradition, the fact remains that religion presents a powerful force in influencing the restriction of marriage immigration policy. Whether through its concern for ethnic purity, cultural homogeneity, or sexuality, religiosity remains a powerful factor when discussing ...


Aspirational Planning: A Statistical Model Of Hawthorne Bridge And Tilikum Crossing Bicycle Ride Counts, Robert Mccullough, Ramon Cabauatan, Jacob Gellman Jun 2016

Aspirational Planning: A Statistical Model Of Hawthorne Bridge And Tilikum Crossing Bicycle Ride Counts, Robert Mccullough, Ramon Cabauatan, Jacob Gellman

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Portland city planners have routinely planned for an increase in bicycle commutership and a decrease in automobile commutership. This paper discusses the latest data on Portland car and bicycle use. Portland and Multnomah County are observing an increase in single occupancy vehicle commuters, car ownership, and gasoline consumption. Bicycle use in Portland is found to have followed a logistic curve pattern since the early 1990s. The authors present an ordinary least squares model to explain bicycle ridership on the Hawthorne Bridge and the recently constructed Tilikum Crossing. When controlling for other factors such as weather and daylight, the Tilikum Crossing ...


Public Administration’S Identity Crisis And The Emerging Approach That May Alleviate It, Joseph A. Hafer Jun 2016

Public Administration’S Identity Crisis And The Emerging Approach That May Alleviate It, Joseph A. Hafer

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

The field of public administration is in the middle of a long-standing, self-imposed identity crisis. This is due in part to the acceptance of new perspectives in the field as constituting the identity of the field; but for only as long as the perspective remains dominant. The near future of public administration holds another potential shift in dominant perspective to that of an approach to public administration that is founded in the ideals of democratic theory and public values theory. This approach is supported by trends of increasing research and theory in concepts such as public participation and public service ...


Economic Development And Nostalgic Tourism In Southern Mexico, Anabel López Salinas, Rachel Elizabeth Buckley, Rafael Gabriel Reyes Morales Jun 2016

Economic Development And Nostalgic Tourism In Southern Mexico, Anabel López Salinas, Rachel Elizabeth Buckley, Rafael Gabriel Reyes Morales

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Nostalgia tourism is very important for the state of Oaxaca, Mexico. In San Juan Bautista Coixtlahuaca, a community in the Mixteca region of Oaxaca, nostalgia tourism, along with remittances, strengthens economic activities, consumption, and household well-being. However, the annual average stay of visitors to the region is low and not enough to sustain local development. Results from an interview with thirty people from Coixtlahuaca, but residing outside of the community at the time of the interview, show that there is a need to invest in services that help to retain nostalgia tourists as well as increase national and international tourism ...


Book Review: Aleman, Richard (Ed). The Hound Of Distributism: A Solution For Our Social And Economic Crisis, Anthony Philip Stine Jun 2016

Book Review: Aleman, Richard (Ed). The Hound Of Distributism: A Solution For Our Social And Economic Crisis, Anthony Philip Stine

Hatfield Graduate Journal of Public Affairs

Aleman and the collected authors provide a starting point for investigating modern Distributist writings. Distributism is a 'third way' private property-based economic system focused on decentralization of power, a focus on family life and reconceptualizing our relationships between individuals, families, the state and large economic actors. Essays range from the topics of totalitarianism and big government to pastoralism and permaculture. Contributing authors include classic Distributists like GK Chesterton and modern writers such as Joseph Pearce, Dale Ahlquist, Philip Maxence and Ryan Grant. The selected authors present a snapshot of a theory that presents a means towards achieving sustainability through decentralization ...


Come Out Come Out Wherever You Are: A Content Analysis Of Homeless Transgender Youth In Social Service Literature, Shannon Crossley Jun 2015

Come Out Come Out Wherever You Are: A Content Analysis Of Homeless Transgender Youth In Social Service Literature, Shannon Crossley

PSU McNair Scholars Online Journal

Homeless, transgender youth are underrepresented in research studies in the United States and over-represented among the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ) transitional-age (16 – 24) homeless youth population, at a reported 20 - 40% of the entire homeless youth population. Although this figure is staggering, it is not representative of the actual number of LGBTQ youth currently living on the streets. Exact numbers are unknown due to fear of victimization and discrimination faced both by their homeless peers and in services that are established for homeless youth. This study critically examined how homeless, transgender, transitional-age youth are represented in or ...


Go Before You Go: How Public Toilets Impact Public Transit Usage, Kate M. Washington Oct 2014

Go Before You Go: How Public Toilets Impact Public Transit Usage, Kate M. Washington

PSU McNair Scholars Online Journal

The emphasis on sustainable solutions in Portland, Oregon includes developing multi-modal transportation methods. Using public transit means giving up a certain amount of control over one’s schedule and taking on a great deal of uncertainty when it comes to personal hygiene. Buses, the MAX, and the Streetcar – the cornerstones of public transit in Portland – are not equipped with toilets and rarely are their stations, while most shops and restaurants reserve toilets for patrons only. As a result, many people may bypass public transit in favor of cars, which afford travelers greater autonomy and flexibility. Theories of New Urbanism endorse ...


Entanglement: Health, Healing And Society In Africa, Haley Noel Jul 2012

Entanglement: Health, Healing And Society In Africa, Haley Noel

Anthós

As a continent, Africa has been explored, exploited, and largely abandoned by the West. During the colonial era of the late 19th and early 20th centuries, foreign powers encountered diverse cultures, superstitions and disease before promptly labeling the entire continent a dangerous and primitive place. For early explorers and colonialists, disease and the threat of ill health is what defined Africa. They overlooked the pre-existing strategies and practices that Africans had adapted to guard against certain diseases, either ignoring them or labeling the misunderstood safety nets as primitive. Also overlooked was the importance of societal organization and communal cooperation among ...


Anticipated Effects Of The U.S. Mexico City Policy On The Attainability Of The Millennium Development Goals And Future Development Efforts In Sub-Saharan Africa, Katherine Clare Alexander Apr 2010

Anticipated Effects Of The U.S. Mexico City Policy On The Attainability Of The Millennium Development Goals And Future Development Efforts In Sub-Saharan Africa, Katherine Clare Alexander

Anthós

In the low-income countries of sub-Saharan Africa, the performance of pyramidal reproductive health and family planning services with public outreach initiatives has not met the expectations or the needs of the communities they serve. Insufficient case management, limited management capacity and referral and communication failures are challenges faced on the delivery level, while on the policy level these health clinics face insufficient coordination among organizations and weak links between programs (Schneider, 2006). The Mexico City Policy, first introduced by President Reagan in 1984, only exacerbated these challenges for organizations that offer comprehensive contraception and family planning programs by denying any ...


The Impacts Of Gentrification On The African American Business Community Of Portland, Oregon, Alexandra Hosford Jun 2009

The Impacts Of Gentrification On The African American Business Community Of Portland, Oregon, Alexandra Hosford

Anthós

I focus this inquiry on the impact that gentrification has had on black business and entrepreneurship in the Albina District of Portland, Oregon. The Albina district of provides a unique opportunity to measure the effects of gentrification on black business and business development because the area has historically been a residentially segregated black community and has seen dramatic changes due to gentrification in the past decade, including an influx of middle class, white residents. I conduct this examination by subdividing my inquiry into three main sections. First, I provide an outline of the background and evolution of the discourse around ...