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Olivet Nazarene University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 94

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

The Relationship Between Faith Maturity And Life Satisfaction, Amanda L. Roche May 2019

The Relationship Between Faith Maturity And Life Satisfaction, Amanda L. Roche

Honors Program Projects

Background

Studies have been conducted that conclude that having a more mature faith correlates to healthier psychological well-being and healthier personal relationships (Hill & Pargament, 2003; Okun & Stock, 1987; Powell & Pepper, 2015). A significant amount of research has been conducted on life satisfaction, however fewer studies have explored the relationship between life satisfaction and faith maturity. Hawkins, Tan, and Turk (1999) compared a secular inpatient cognitive-behavioral therapy program to a Christian inpatient cognitive-behavioral therapy program and discovered that there was a negative correlation between spiritual well-being and depression, but little has been done beyond this study to examine this relationship. Alessandri, Caprara, and Tisak (2012 ...


The Japanese Way In America: A Comparison Of The Spiritual Beliefs, Habits, And Ideas Of The American Religious ‘Nones’ And Contemporary Japanese Nationals, Jarrett Stalinger May 2019

The Japanese Way In America: A Comparison Of The Spiritual Beliefs, Habits, And Ideas Of The American Religious ‘Nones’ And Contemporary Japanese Nationals, Jarrett Stalinger

Honors Program Projects

There has been growing interest in the religiously unaffiliated within America. This growing interest has caused a new name to come about, the Nones. The present discussion attempts to give context to the rise of the Nones and to compare the religious beliefs and habits of these American Nones with the Japanese Nationals who inhabit Japan. There are many similarities between these two groups relating to ethics, interactions with people, and connection with nature. These comparisons show that there is a possible connection between people which explains spiritual experience, even outside that of normalized, institutional religions. This “intuition of the ...


Mental Health First Aid Training: Evaluating A Brief Training Intervention For College Students, Erica Sandtorv Jan 2019

Mental Health First Aid Training: Evaluating A Brief Training Intervention For College Students, Erica Sandtorv

Honors Program Projects

Background

Mental health literacy, or the public’s knowledge and beliefs about mental health, has been shown to be lacking; therefore, the proper first aid actions are not always taken to recognize and encourage treatment for psychological disorders (Burns & Rapee, 2006; Jorm et al., 1997; Jorm, 2012; Yap, Wright, & Jorm, 2011). This issue is particularly relevant in a university setting where mental health issues are common and students often rely on their peers for support (Hefner & Eisenberg, 2009; Kitzrow, 2009; Morse & Schulze, 2013). Studies have shown mental health first aid (MFHA) training to be successful in equipping people with the skills they need to help others in acute mental health crises (Bulanda, Bruhn, Byro-Johnson, & Zentmyer, 2014; Kitchener & Jorm, 2002; Morse & Schulze, 2013).

Method

To assess the efficacy of a brief mental MHFA training intervention, the current study collected data from 75 undergraduate students at a small, Midwestern university. We tested whether college students who read the Depression First Aid Guidelines would choose more appropriate first aid actions than ...


Conducting A Large-Scale Weeding Project In An Academic Library: Purpose, Plan, And Process, Kyle Olney Jun 2018

Conducting A Large-Scale Weeding Project In An Academic Library: Purpose, Plan, And Process, Kyle Olney

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

According to Rebecca Vnuk, author of Weeding Handbook: A Shelf-By-Shelf Guide (American Library Association, 2015), “Weeding helps a library thrive.” We all want our libraries to thrive, yet for many of us weeding is one of the last activities we want to do. For others, the task may simply seem too daunting to even know where to begin. Add to this the pressure to clear space for a new campus initiative and the work can quickly become overwhelming. This presentation looks at a multi-year weeding project at Olivet Nazarene University’s Benner Library that ultimately resulted in the withdrawal of ...


The Relationship Between Musicianship, Academic Achievement, Academic Motivation, And Self-Esteem, Ellie Krumsieg May 2018

The Relationship Between Musicianship, Academic Achievement, Academic Motivation, And Self-Esteem, Ellie Krumsieg

Honors Program Projects

Background

Past research suggests that students involved in music are intrinsically motivated. For example, Diaz (2010) showed that undergraduate musicians possessed high levels of academic intrinsic motivation. Intrinsic motivation is a predictor of high academic achievement as well. Additionally, past research indicates that music education is positively correlated with academic achievement and self-esteem. This study continues to investigate the relationships between musicianship and academic motivation, academic achievement, and self-esteem, but does so using a post-secondary sample and an expanded classification system for musicianship.

Methods and Procedures

A survey link was emailed to all undergraduate students at a small, Christian university ...


Evaluation And Revision Of Bsri Trait Selection, Valerie Seehafer May 2018

Evaluation And Revision Of Bsri Trait Selection, Valerie Seehafer

Honors Program Projects

The Bem Sex-Role Inventory (BSRI) is a tool created by Sandra Bem in the 1970’s which is aimed at measuring an individual’s androgyny. Critiques concerning the theoretical and methodological framework of the BSRI suggest that it is in need of an update. The purpose of my research was to determine if and what adjustments were needed for the BSRI. An adjusted version of the short form of the BSRI was distributed to undergraduate students on a small Christian university campus in the Midwest. Respondents rated traits from the BSRI in regards to social desirability, personal desirability, and gendered ...


Stigma As A Predictor Of Parental Willingness To Seek Mental Health Services For Their Children In Rural America, Reed M. Smith May 2018

Stigma As A Predictor Of Parental Willingness To Seek Mental Health Services For Their Children In Rural America, Reed M. Smith

Honors Program Projects

Stigma exists in some capacity towards mental illness. This stigma is a barrier to mental health services for some people. Rural populations are known to have more stigma than their urban counterparts. This is on top of already lacking access to mental health services. This especially affects children. Polaha and Williams (2015) found stigma to be negatively correlated with willingness to seek help in rural parents. This study sought to explore this relationship in a more generalized sample. I posted a survey on Amazon Mechanical Turk that screened for rural parents of children under the age of 18. It included ...


Empirical Correlates Of Mental Health Stigma, Emily Raduns May 2018

Empirical Correlates Of Mental Health Stigma, Emily Raduns

Honors Program Projects

Background

Mental health stigma describes the prejudice and discrimination faced by those with mental health disorders. Existing literature has connected heightened levels of stigma to lower levels of mental health education and lower levels of interpersonal contact with those experiencing mental health issues. Research also suggests a possible link between high religious fundamentalism and stigma.

Methods

To assess these relationships among these variables, a questionnaire was distributed online to 194 undergraduate students at a small religious university in the Midwest. The questionnaire included scales measuring fundamentalism and stigma, along with questions about mental health education levels and interpersonal contact with ...


American Evangelicals And The European Union, Paul R. Koch Mar 2018

American Evangelicals And The European Union, Paul R. Koch

Faculty Scholarship – Business

This paper seeks to explore the potential reasons for the antagonistic sentiments that are held by many Protestant evangelicals, in the United States, towards the European Union. The possible causal factors include the following:

1) The legacy of anti-internationalism among evangelicals, dating back to the debate over American membership in the League of Nations almost 100 years ago;

2) The level of attraction to the current wave of “populist” politics and economics;

3) The aversion of politically conservative American evangelicals to the perception of Europe as a “socialist’ continent;

4) The negative portrayal of the European Union, as an instrument ...


American Evangelicals And The European Union, Paul R. Koch Jan 2018

American Evangelicals And The European Union, Paul R. Koch

Faculty Scholarship – Economics

This paper seeks to explore the potential reasons for the antagonistic sentiments that are held by many Protestant evangelicals, in the United States, towards the European Union. The possible causal factors include the following:

1) The legacy of anti-internationalism among evangelicals, dating back to the debate over American membership in the League of Nations almost 100 years ago;

2) The level of attraction to the current wave of “populist” politics and economics;

3) The aversion of politically conservative American evangelicals to the perception of Europe as a “socialist’ continent;

4) The negative portrayal of the European Union, as an instrument ...


What's More Important: Design Or Content? An Analysis Of The Impact Of Website Design And Argument Quality On Source Credibility, Luke David Salomone May 2017

What's More Important: Design Or Content? An Analysis Of The Impact Of Website Design And Argument Quality On Source Credibility, Luke David Salomone

Honors Program Projects

When evaluating information online or offline, two important aspects are considered by readers: the credibility of the source and the quality of the argument. It is well known that strong arguments are more persuasive than weak arguments of the same length (Petty and Cacioppo, 1984), and recent research has shown that in an online environment source credibility is determined by the reader in part by the design aspects of website (Lowry et al., 2013). Using a 2 (website quality: good vs bad) x 2 (argument quality: strong vs weak) ANCOVA with need for cognition (NFC) and disposition to trust as ...


The Political Glass Cliff: Potential Causes Of Female Underrepresentation In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Erica Browning May 2017

The Political Glass Cliff: Potential Causes Of Female Underrepresentation In The U.S. House Of Representatives, Erica Browning

Honors Program Projects

The study of gender equality in leadership roles has for the majority of its history focused on the phenomenon of the glass ceiling. A new theory has recently immerged calling attention to the idea that women who attain leadership roles are set up in crisis or failure situations more often than their male counterparts. This is called the ‘glass cliff theory’ and over the past decade has been studied in the fields of business and politics. This research will discuss the leadership stereotypes that may affect women in these roles, and the evidence of the existence of the glass cliff ...


Male Body-Satisfaction And Ideal Body Images In The Media: A Positive Intervention, Sarah Allison May 2017

Male Body-Satisfaction And Ideal Body Images In The Media: A Positive Intervention, Sarah Allison

Honors Program Projects

Growing evidence suggests that media images of ideal female and male body-types have a negative impact on body-satisfaction (Galioto & Crowther, 2013; Groesz, Levine, & Murnen, 2002; Hargreaves & Tiggeman, 2009; Hobza et al., 2007). Therefore, discovering ways to raise body-satisfaction after it has been lowered as a result of viewing media images may be an important area of research. This study sought to discover whether males receiving a positive intervention after looking at images of ideal male body-types would differ from males receiving no positive intervention after looking at these images in terms of body-satisfaction. This study also aimed to replicate previous research that has found a correlation ...


Trending Emotional Disturbance: Strategies Through The Years, Hannah M. Rattin Apr 2017

Trending Emotional Disturbance: Strategies Through The Years, Hannah M. Rattin

Student Scholarship - Education

Teaching strategies and supports provided for students with emotional disturbance have evolved over the years. These changes are observed throughout three descriptive studies focused on specific writing strategies spanning three decades from the 1970s until the 1990s. Multiple changes are observed. For instance, terms other than the current “emotional disturbance” have been used over the years. The approach to schooling children with emotional disturbance has also shifted, from an emphasis on functional goals to focusing on academic progress. Additional changes include a more practical approach to implementing these writing strategies and an increased involvement throughout for these students. These changes ...


The Significant Influencing Factors Of Xenophobia, Ryan T. Wagner Apr 2017

The Significant Influencing Factors Of Xenophobia, Ryan T. Wagner

Student Scholarship - Education

This paper serves as a review of the influencing factors of xenophobia and its behavioral products. Two primary categories of influencing factors of xenophobia are discussed: inherent factors and environmental factors. Inherent factors that are considered include genetic factors and personality factors; a variety of perspectives on the impact of these factors are reviewed. Discussion on the impact of environmental factors will focus on the impact of education and inter-group contact on xenophobic attitudes. The factors that influence xenophobia are clearly multifaceted, though conclusions about the extent to which environment and genetics play roles in the development of xenophobia and ...


3rd Place Essay: Christian Leadership In Modern Culture, Rachel Tobey Jan 2017

3rd Place Essay: Christian Leadership In Modern Culture, Rachel Tobey

Reed Leadership Student Essay Contest Winners

No abstract provided.


2nd Place Essay: Called To Lead, Timothy Mayotte Jan 2017

2nd Place Essay: Called To Lead, Timothy Mayotte

Reed Leadership Student Essay Contest Winners

No abstract provided.


1st Place Essay: A New Weapon, Jennifer Cox Jan 2017

1st Place Essay: A New Weapon, Jennifer Cox

Reed Leadership Student Essay Contest Winners

No abstract provided.


Withstand Or Succumb: Christian Universities And The Implications Of Obergefell V. Hodges, Jonathan Mark Pickering Jan 2017

Withstand Or Succumb: Christian Universities And The Implications Of Obergefell V. Hodges, Jonathan Mark Pickering

Scholarship – Academic Affairs Office

Most Christian universities support a traditional view of human sexuality. It is uncertain if they can survive with their religious identity intact, given the rapid increase in societal acceptance of same-sex marriage. The 2015 Obergefell v. Hodges decision legalizing same-sex marriage increases pressure to be more affirming. Thirty-four presidents at universities in the Council for Christian Colleges and Universities (CCCU) participated in a survey, and twelve were interviewed to explore their perceptions regarding that pressure and potential responses. The study was framed by institutional isomorphism theory, and data were analyzed using basic qualitative research methods. The results show that coercive ...


Gender Bias In It Hiring Practices: An Ethical Analysis, Harmony L. Alford Dec 2016

Gender Bias In It Hiring Practices: An Ethical Analysis, Harmony L. Alford

Student Scholarship - Computer Science

With the current movement to increase the number of women in STEM-related careers, modified IT hiring practices may be considered debatably unethical. Studies cited in this work have asserted that female representation in STEM fields is integral not only to encouraging continued progression toward gender equality in the workplace but also to creating more inclusive products. In turn, some argue that when faced with reasonably comparable female and male candidates, a hiring manager should select the female candidate in order to increase the female representation in the company and provide a female perspective. However, it is simultaneously debatably unethical and ...


Comparing Institutional Repository Software: Pampering Metadata Uploaders, Craighton Hippenhammer Apr 2016

Comparing Institutional Repository Software: Pampering Metadata Uploaders, Craighton Hippenhammer

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

This article highlights the key concepts of institutional repositories and identifies the strengths of Digital Commons and Wesleyan Holiness Digital Library products. Special attention is given to software structures and features, support systems, and factors that impact quality. Parts of this article were given as an Association of Christian Librarians annual national conference workshop presentation presented at Carson-Newman University, Jefferson City, Tennessee, June 11, 2015.


Church Refugees: Sociologists Reveal Why People Are Done With Church But Not Their Faith, Craighton T. Hippenhammer (Reviewer) Apr 2016

Church Refugees: Sociologists Reveal Why People Are Done With Church But Not Their Faith, Craighton T. Hippenhammer (Reviewer)

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

This is a sociological study written for church leaders that examines the phenomenon of mature Christians leaving the institutional church, who keeping their faith, look for alternatives to church, having become convinced that church as it exists is detrimental to their spiritual growth.


A Practical Approach To Address Pornography Viewing At Olivet Nazarene University, Jacob Ruetz Jan 2016

A Practical Approach To Address Pornography Viewing At Olivet Nazarene University, Jacob Ruetz

Honors Program Projects

The pornography industry gains new ground and pushes new limits every day in an effort to raise revenues and demand. When pornography is evaluated as an efficient business, the potential for dehumanization, physical and emotional degradation, and the deterioration of a person’s spiritual and relational health become possible. On a small, Christian campus like Olivet Nazarene University (ONU), discussing topics as harmful and popular as pornography should be simple. However, the mindset of fear and silence when admitting weakness as a Christian can deter progress. Through a voluntary survey distributed to current undergraduate students, an overview of the student ...


Playing Nice On The Playground: Multi-Type Library Cooperation For Professional Development, Jasmine R. Cieszynski, Tracy Conner, Joe Filapek, Lynne Noffke Oct 2015

Playing Nice On The Playground: Multi-Type Library Cooperation For Professional Development, Jasmine R. Cieszynski, Tracy Conner, Joe Filapek, Lynne Noffke

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

In November 2014, the Kankakee Area Library Association (KALA), a small, multi-type library organization, hosted a well-known motivational speaker. The event drew from around the state and was primarily funded through support from Reaching Across Illinois Library System (RAILS). Learn how volunteers from school, public and academic libraries leverage local expertise for ongoing professional development and programming, such as One Book, One Community, as well as how we hosted a larger event. The consulting and continuing education manager for RAILS joins the panel to talk about how multi-type networking groups and regional library systems can collaborate to deliver continuing education ...


Building A New Academic Library Web Site, Ann S. Johnston Mrs., Pam Greenlee, Matt W. Marcukaitis, Ian M. Lopshire Aug 2015

Building A New Academic Library Web Site, Ann S. Johnston Mrs., Pam Greenlee, Matt W. Marcukaitis, Ian M. Lopshire

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

The Benner Library Web site at Olivet Nazarene University was targeted for an update and those responsible desired a systematic, efficient approach to the process. The project needed clear goals and careful coordination of all stakeholders, including all levels of patrons, library professionals and staff, and university administrators. A team composed of web developers, programmers, and graphic designers accomplished the technological process, but communication between team members and stakeholders was essential. The methodical approach proved to be time-consuming, but effective.


Pampering Uploaders: Easing The Metadata Upload Process, Craighton T. Hippenhammer Jul 2015

Pampering Uploaders: Easing The Metadata Upload Process, Craighton T. Hippenhammer

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

Digital Commons has done a pretty good job at keeping its metadata forms user friendly. First, the form should be as simple as we can make it. Hide metadata fields that are not needed for the document type at hand. Second, add fields that you need but other universities may not. Digital Commons’ support staff has no problem creating special fields for us. Third, use dropdown lists to pick options when options are limited and known. And fourth, make the most-often-chosen option into the readily visible default option. All of these will save time and cut down on confusion.


Comparing Institutional Repository Software: Pampering Metadata Uploaders, Craighton T. Hippenhammer Jun 2015

Comparing Institutional Repository Software: Pampering Metadata Uploaders, Craighton T. Hippenhammer

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

Compares Digital Commons, a mature institutional repository, with the Wesleyan Holiness Digital Library (WHDL), a newly developed repository, examining software features, specifications, handling of document types, quality factors, search functions and the necessity of great support.


The Georgia State University Copyright Case After The Appeal: Is It More Appealing?, Judson L. Strain Jun 2015

The Georgia State University Copyright Case After The Appeal: Is It More Appealing?, Judson L. Strain

Faculty Scholarship – Library Science

This presentation covers the Appellate Court review of the District Court's findings in the academic publishers' and Copyright Clearance Center's case against Georgia State University's electronic reserve policies.


Scholar Week, James Upchurch Apr 2015

Scholar Week, James Upchurch

Scholar Week Archives (2011-2015)

ONU's Scholar Week #5.


Promoting Awareness Of Teen Pregnancy Through Multimedia Storytelling: The Case Of Elizabeth House In Ecuador, Mary Hall Apr 2015

Promoting Awareness Of Teen Pregnancy Through Multimedia Storytelling: The Case Of Elizabeth House In Ecuador, Mary Hall

Honors Program Projects

Advocacy journalism takes the basic principles of journalism — factual integrity, clear concise writing, storytelling, and educating the public — and uses them to tell the story of a particular cause or organization. Advocacy journalism moves one step past the traditional confines of journalism to reach an audience with a particular message. As Reader (2011) said, "Objectivity is about presenting what is, but advocacy is about changing what will be" (p. 2).

The goal of this project was to use advocacy journalism within a blog platform to raise awareness of the work for the not-for-profit organization, Casa Elizabeth, a home for pregnant ...