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Michigan Technological University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 215

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Understanding Cumulative Hazards In A Rustbelt City: Integrating Gis, Archaeology, And Spatial History, Daniel Trepal, Don Lafreniere Jul 2019

Understanding Cumulative Hazards In A Rustbelt City: Integrating Gis, Archaeology, And Spatial History, Daniel Trepal, Don Lafreniere

Michigan Tech Publications

We combine the Historical Spatial Data Infrastructure (HSDI) concept developed within spatial history with elements of archaeological predictive modeling to demonstrate a novel GIS-based landscape model for identifying the persistence of historically-generated industrial hazards in postindustrial cities. This historical big data approach draws on over a century of both historical and modern spatial big data to project the presence of specific persistent historical hazards across a city. This research improves on previous attempts to understand the origins and persistence of historical pollution hazards, and our final model augments traditional archaeological approaches to site prospection and analysis. This study also demonstrates ...


Closing Keynote, Theresa Coleman-Kaiser May 2019

Closing Keynote, Theresa Coleman-Kaiser

Annual Copper Country Lean Conference

No abstract provided.


Track A: Building Your House Of Lean: Standard Work And Effective Communication - Active Learning Session, Laurie Stark, Annelise Doll May 2019

Track A: Building Your House Of Lean: Standard Work And Effective Communication - Active Learning Session, Laurie Stark, Annelise Doll

Annual Copper Country Lean Conference

This session will introduce the concept of standard work through a hands-on activity. Attendees will learn the importance of clear communication and language choices in growing a sustainable Lean environment. Presenters will share their experiences regarding how the Van Pelt and Opie Library has grown Lean through the use of standard work and effective communication.


Track B: Growing Continuous Improvement: An Example Of Pdca On Student Employee Visual Management Boards - Case Study, Dominique Aleo May 2019

Track B: Growing Continuous Improvement: An Example Of Pdca On Student Employee Visual Management Boards - Case Study, Dominique Aleo

Annual Copper Country Lean Conference

Visual Management and the Plan, Do, Check, Act (PDCA) Cycle are well known Lean methods. The Student Process Improvement Coordinators in the Office of Continuous Improvement at Michigan Technological University use white boards to track progress on recurring performance duties.These boards cover multiple areas of work and showcase how many students with different schedules keep track of their workload within the office. This case study examines how the Visual Management boards have changed through multiple cycles of PDCA, in pursuit of perfect visual communication between the students who work in the office, and also perfect performance. Specifically, this presentation ...


1st Annual Conference Program, Michigan Technological University May 2019

1st Annual Conference Program, Michigan Technological University

Annual Copper Country Lean Conference

Full conference program, including presenter bios and presentation descriptions.


Policies To Overcome Barriers For Renewable Energy Distributed Generation: A Case Study Of Utility Structure And Regulatory Regimes In Michigan, Emily Prehoda, Joshua M. Pearce, Chelsea Schelly Feb 2019

Policies To Overcome Barriers For Renewable Energy Distributed Generation: A Case Study Of Utility Structure And Regulatory Regimes In Michigan, Emily Prehoda, Joshua M. Pearce, Chelsea Schelly

Department of Social Sciences Publications

Because of its environmental damage and now often being the most expensive source for electricity production, coal use is declining throughout the United States. Michigan has no active coal mining and seemingly supportive legislation for distributed generation (DG) and renewable energy (RE) technologies. However, Michigan still derives approximately half of its power production from large centralized coal plants, despite the availability of much lower cost RE DG technologies. To understand this conundrum, this study reviews how Michigan investor owned utilities utilize their political power to perpetuate utility structures that work toward the financial interests of the utilities rather than the ...


Towards Quantifiable Metrics Warranting Industry-Wide Corporate Death Penalties, Joshua M. Pearce Feb 2019

Towards Quantifiable Metrics Warranting Industry-Wide Corporate Death Penalties, Joshua M. Pearce

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Publications

In the singular search for profits, some corporations inadvertently kill humans. If this routinely occurs throughout an industry, it may no longer serve a net positive social purpose for society and should be eliminated. This article provides a path to an objective quantifiable metric for determining when an entire industry warrants the corporate death penalty. First, a theoretical foundation is developed with minimum assumptions necessary to provide evidence for corporate public purposes. This is formed into an objective quantifiable metric with publicly-available data and applied to two case studies in the U.S.: the tobacco and coal mining industries. The ...


Individual Differences In Sensitivity To Visuomotor Discrepancies, John Dewey, Shane Mueller Feb 2019

Individual Differences In Sensitivity To Visuomotor Discrepancies, John Dewey, Shane Mueller

Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences Publications

This study explored whether sensitivity to visuomotor discrepancies, specifically the ability to detect and respond to loss of control over a moving object, is associated with other psychological traits and abilities. College-aged adults performed a computerized tracking task which involved keeping a cursor centered on a moving target using keyboard controls. On some trials, the cursor became unresponsive to participants’ keypresses. Participants were instructed to immediately press the space bar if they noticed a loss of control. Response times (RTs) were measured. Additionally, participants completed a battery of behavioral and questionnaire-based tests with hypothesized relationships to the phenomenology of control ...


Individual Differences In Sensitivity To Visuomotor Discrepancies, John Dewey, Shane Mueller Feb 2019

Individual Differences In Sensitivity To Visuomotor Discrepancies, John Dewey, Shane Mueller

Michigan Tech Publications

This study explored whether sensitivity to visuomotor discrepancies, specifically the ability to detect and respond to loss of control over a moving object, is associated with other psychological traits and abilities. College-aged adults performed a computerized tracking task which involved keeping a cursor centered on a moving target using keyboard controls. On some trials, the cursor became unresponsive to participants’ keypresses. Participants were instructed to immediately press the space bar if they noticed a loss of control. Response times (RTs) were measured. Additionally, participants completed a battery of behavioral and questionnaire-based tests with hypothesized relationships to the phenomenology of control ...


Justice Implications Of Clean Energy Policies And Programs In The United States: A Theoretical And Empirical Exploration, Shan Zhou, Douglass S. Noonan Feb 2019

Justice Implications Of Clean Energy Policies And Programs In The United States: A Theoretical And Empirical Exploration, Shan Zhou, Douglass S. Noonan

Department of Social Sciences Publications

This paper offers both theoretical and empirical analyses to explore energy justice from a policy perspective. We first propose a framework that explicitly connects core functions of clean energy policy instruments (i.e., regulation, financial incentive, government provision, information, and education program) to philosophical groundings of energy justice—distributive, procedural, and recognition justice. To empirically explore distributive energy justice, we examine the racial and socioeconomic disparities in three government-driven clean energy programs in the United States, including (1) the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) smart-grid investment grant (SGIG); (2) utility smart-meter roll out programs; and (3) city government adoption ...


Putting Research To Action: Integrating Collaborative Governance And Community-Engaged Research For Community Solar, Emily Prehoda, Richelle Winkler, Chelsea Schelly Jan 2019

Putting Research To Action: Integrating Collaborative Governance And Community-Engaged Research For Community Solar, Emily Prehoda, Richelle Winkler, Chelsea Schelly

Department of Social Sciences Publications

Community solar involves the installation of a solar electricity system that is built in one central location with the costs and benefits distributed across voluntary investors who choose to subscribe and receive credits based on the generated energy. Community solar is gaining attention because of its potential to increase access to renewable energy and to democratize energy governance. This paper reflects on community-engaged research experiences in two rural community case studies in Michigan, USA, focusing on obstacles that were experienced during the research process rather than empirical findings from the research. We highlight difficulties we experienced to help advance a ...


Hometracker: A Household Information Feedback System For Food/Energy/Water Metabolism, Nichole Mackey Jan 2019

Hometracker: A Household Information Feedback System For Food/Energy/Water Metabolism, Nichole Mackey

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The Food, Energy and Water Conscious (FEWCON) project seeks to understand how food, energy and water (FEW) as independent resources within households are connected. In the main study of the project, intervention messages that link household FEW consumption to equivalent climate consequences are pushed to the households. The goal of the FEWCON study is to determine potential intervention messages that influence household FEW consumption behavior.

A key component of the FEWCON study is a web application named HomeTracker (Household Metabolism Tracker) which collects FEW consumption data within households, then uses this data to select consumption-specific feedback to the homeowners. To ...


Attitudes About Acceptable Risk In The Context Of The Biodiversity Crisis, Thomas Offer-Westort Jan 2019

Attitudes About Acceptable Risk In The Context Of The Biodiversity Crisis, Thomas Offer-Westort

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Crafting and enforcing conservation policy requires making normative judgements about what levels of risk are acceptable. These judgements include crucial decisions that impact which species qualify as “endangered.” If a government’s policies are going to represent the values of the public they govern, then public attitudes should be understood. Unfortunately, essentially nothing is known about public attitudes as they pertain to acceptable risk and the biodiversity crisis.

My research aims to address this gap using data from an internet-based survey (n=1050). I focused on the Endangered Species Act of 1973 which defines an endangered species as “any species ...


Interactive Sonification Strategies For The Motion And Emotion Of Dance Performances, Steven Landry Jan 2019

Interactive Sonification Strategies For The Motion And Emotion Of Dance Performances, Steven Landry

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

The Immersive Interactive SOnification Platform, or iISoP for short, is a research platform for the creation of novel multimedia art, as well as exploratory research in the fields of sonification, affective computing, and gesture-based user interfaces. The goal of the iISoP’s dancer sonification system is to “sonify the motion and emotion” of a dance performance via musical auditory display. An additional goal of this dissertation is to develop and evaluate musical strategies for adding layer of emotional mappings to data sonification. The result of the series of dancer sonification design exercises led to the development of a novel musical ...


Perceptions Of Forest Change In The Governmental Region Of Kaffrine, Senegal, Rhiley E. Allbee Jan 2019

Perceptions Of Forest Change In The Governmental Region Of Kaffrine, Senegal, Rhiley E. Allbee

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Sénégal is a semi-arid West African country with a diverse ethnic makeup and a rapidly growing population that is largely rural, predominantly employed within the agricultural sector, and heavily reliant on the harvesting of forest products within state owned forests where populations have usufruct rights. The country experienced significant changes in land cover throughout the 20th century due to a series of major droughts and large expansions in agriculture. These changes were partially concentrated throughout the region of Kaffrine, where the wooded savannas of the early 20th century were systematically replaced by agriculture and converted to a shrub ...


The Archaeology Of The Postindustrial: Spatial Data Infrastructures For Studying The Past In The Present, Daniel Trepal Jan 2019

The Archaeology Of The Postindustrial: Spatial Data Infrastructures For Studying The Past In The Present, Daniel Trepal

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Postindustrial urban landscapes are large-scale, complex manifestations of the past in the present in the form of industrial ruins and archaeological sites, decaying infrastructure, and adaptive reuse; ongoing processes of postindustrial redevelopment often conspire to conceal the toxic consequences of long-term industrial activity. Understanding these phenomena is an essential step in building a sustainable future; despite this, the study of the postindustrial is still new, and requires interdisciplinary connections that remain either unexplored or underexplored. Archaeologists have begun to turn their attention to the modern industrial era and beyond. This focus carries the potential to deliver new understandings of the ...


A Critical Review Of Current Approaches And Practices In Computing Ethics Education, Sophia Farquhar Jan 2019

A Critical Review Of Current Approaches And Practices In Computing Ethics Education, Sophia Farquhar

Dissertations, Master's Theses and Master's Reports

Recent scandals caused by the results of negligent, malicious, or shortsighted software development practices highlight the need for software developers to consider the ethical implications of their work. Computing ethics has historically been a marginalized area within computing disciplines, so educators in these disciplines do not have a common background for teaching the topic. Computing ethics education, although often a required part of coursework, can vary widely in the method of implementation from university to university.

In this report I summarize the insights I gained from interviewing four educators from three different institutions on their pedagogical approaches to computing ethics ...


Economic Potential For Distributed Manufacturing Of Adaptive Aids For Arthritis Patients N The U.S., Nicole Gallup, Jennifer Bow, Joshua M. Pearce Dec 2018

Economic Potential For Distributed Manufacturing Of Adaptive Aids For Arthritis Patients N The U.S., Nicole Gallup, Jennifer Bow, Joshua M. Pearce

Department of Materials Science and Engineering Publications

By 2040, more than a quarter of the U.S. population will have diagnosed arthritic conditions. Adults with arthritis and other rheumatic conditions earn less than average yet have medical care expenditures that are over 12% of average household income. Adaptive aids can help arthritis patients continue to maintain independence and quality of life; however, their high costs limit accessibility for older people and the poor. One method used for consumer price reduction is distributed manufacturing with 3-D printers. In order to assess if such a method would be financially beneficial, this study evaluates the techno-economic viability of distributed manufacturing ...


Oil Spills Detection By Means Of Uas And Low-Cost Airborne Thermal Sensors, A. Al-Shammari, Eugene Levin, R. Shults Nov 2018

Oil Spills Detection By Means Of Uas And Low-Cost Airborne Thermal Sensors, A. Al-Shammari, Eugene Levin, R. Shults

School of Technology Publications

This paper provides an overview of oil spill scenarios and the remote sensing methods used for detection and mapping the spills. It also discusses the different kinds of thermal sensors used in oil spills detection. As UAS is becoming an important player in the oil and gas industry for the low operating costs involved, this research involved working with a cheap thermal airborne sensor mounted on DJI Phantom 4 system. Data were collected in two scenarios, first scenario is collecting data in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula at a petroleum company location and the second scenario was an indoor experiment simulating ...


4a1: The Great War And Modern Homosexuality: Transatlantic Crossings, Chet Defonso Sep 2018

4a1: The Great War And Modern Homosexuality: Transatlantic Crossings, Chet Defonso

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

World War I had a deep impact upon the development of gender relationships in the Western World, and was especially significant in the way that it fostered the development of homosocial and homosexual identities among its participants. Many men and women who were involved in the war effort formed profoundly deep emotional and physical same-gender relationships that were perceived either at the time or later as homosexual. Observers and participants alike have attested that World War I encouraged a kind of incipient “gay solidarity” among some of its survivors - for example the British war poets such as Siegfried Sassoon and ...


4b2: Men, Military, And The Law: An Examination Of Conscription During World War I And Its Legal Challenges, Victoria Stewart Sep 2018

4b2: Men, Military, And The Law: An Examination Of Conscription During World War I And Its Legal Challenges, Victoria Stewart

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

As in the case of the American Civil War, conscription was implemented during World War I to serve the military needs of the nation. As voluntary enlistment had again decreased, the US Congress responded with another conscription bill to institute another federally controlled system of conscription to require the service of America’s male population. Republican Representative Julius Kahn introduced the Selective Service Act. A conscription call, and registration for conscription, would be a joint effort by the US Congress and President Woodrow Wilson. The members of Congress, that supported conscription, expressed their belief that men were required to serve ...


4b1: Recalling The Trenches From The Club Window: Contrasting Perspectives In Dorothy Sayers And P.G. Wodehouse, Laura Fiss Sep 2018

4b1: Recalling The Trenches From The Club Window: Contrasting Perspectives In Dorothy Sayers And P.G. Wodehouse, Laura Fiss

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

Dorothy Sayers (1893-1957) and P. G. Wodehouse (1881-1975) provide contrasting approaches to the aftermath of World War I within British middlebrow fiction. Both, however, use the institution of London social clubs for gentlemen as a tool for thinking through the consequences of the war for the Victorian social order. Despite its origins in late-seventeenth-century coffeehouses and chocolate houses, the club saw great growth and solidification in the Victorian period, in part as a buttress against the increasing forces of social democratization (Reform, Emancipation, and growing rights for women, for instance). In the last decades of the nineteenth century, the New ...


4b3: ‘This Mad Brute’: Postwar Male Violence And The Pathological Public Sphere, Rebecca Frost Sep 2018

4b3: ‘This Mad Brute’: Postwar Male Violence And The Pathological Public Sphere, Rebecca Frost

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

War provides a space for state-sponsored expressions of violence encouraged – or at least allowed – within the public sphere. During WWI, returning soldiers were welcomed and generally hailed as heroes, especially in comparison with more recent conflicts. Men on the front lines were faced not only with rifles, machine guns, and mortars, but also the effects of poison gas. Such violence and images of ripped and torn bodies were an expected part of a soldier’s life. This daily exposure and indeed the mass media reports on what was happening on the front play into Mark Seltzer’s pathological public sphere ...


3b2: The Allied Expositionary Forces: From Encouragement To Commemoration Of Wwi, Steven A. Walton Sep 2018

3b2: The Allied Expositionary Forces: From Encouragement To Commemoration Of Wwi, Steven A. Walton

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

Most people pass war memorials in their own town or while on the road with relatively little thought, though likely with reverence for those that include soldiers names of those who died or perhaps excitement and pride for those that include military hardware, such as cannon, aircraft, or tanks. Some may see trophies in particular and smile with patriotic/nationalistic pride or frown with disapproval (also patriotic in its won way). War memorials and trophies can be found in town squares and city halls, cemeteries, airports, at and VFW or Legion halls. Each combination of statue or trophy, with or ...


3a2: American Chemical Companies: World War I And Beyond, Jason Szilagyi Sep 2018

3a2: American Chemical Companies: World War I And Beyond, Jason Szilagyi

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

The First World War created a relationship between the United States military and American chemical manufacturers that would have an enormous influence on how private companies impacted both the civilian and military lifestyles over the next century. By the time the United States entered the conflict, the government had already asked many companies to shift towards weapons production.

The relationship between private business and war has a long pedigree in military history. Companies were contracted to produce clothes, boots, weapons, food, and medicine in order to keep a nation’s military on the battlefield. With the world-spanning scale of the ...


3b3: Wwi Propaganda Poster Fluidity, Sarah Price Sep 2018

3b3: Wwi Propaganda Poster Fluidity, Sarah Price

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

This paper will reUect a summer's work with Dr. Jessy Ohl at the University of Alabama, digitizing, analyzing, and dissecting a newly discovered collection of 130 World War I propaganda posters in the University of Alabama special collections This summer, we will be developing an immersive, multi-media platform in order to illustrate the full historical context and consciousness surrounding these images. For this paper, we will focus on the narrative of androgyny created through the representations within these posters, looking specifically at the fluidity of gender created by the shifting of professions, and the depictions of men and women ...


3b1: ‘Your Duty On Display’: The Allied War Exhibition In Chicago, The State Council Of Defense, And The Role Of The State In Defining American Identity, Josh Fulton Sep 2018

3b1: ‘Your Duty On Display’: The Allied War Exhibition In Chicago, The State Council Of Defense, And The Role Of The State In Defining American Identity, Josh Fulton

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

Held in Chicago from September 2-15, 1918; the Allied War Exhibition represented the apogee of public patriotism and state activism on the homefront during the [rst world war. Overseen by the State Council of Defense of Illinois, the event brought together federal, state and local government agencies, private organizations and citizens groups to give Chicagoans a chance not only to see soldiers re-enact battles, but learn the myriad of ways in which they could contribute to the war effort. Founded in Chicago the year before, the U.S. Committee on Public Information (CPI) provided war films displayed nightly, and curated ...


3a1: Electrical Communications Impacts During The Great War And Impacts On The Interwar Period, Martha Sloan Sep 2018

3a1: Electrical Communications Impacts During The Great War And Impacts On The Interwar Period, Martha Sloan

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

Technologies often change more rapidly during wars than during peacetime, as evidenced in the first half of the twentieth century. While the nineteenth century had seen major developments in mechanical engineering with the steam engine and its impact on industries and transportation, the twentieth century became the electrical century, notably for improved communications. Telephone and telegraph, established in the nineteenth century, were effective in WWI, a static war in which fixed lines and telegraph sufficed for connections between trenches, and telephones and telegraph for status reports or orders among military organizations. As the role of aviation changed from spotting to ...


2a2: 'Lest We Forget': Remembering World War I In Wisconsin, 1919-1945, Leslie Bellais Sep 2018

2a2: 'Lest We Forget': Remembering World War I In Wisconsin, 1919-1945, Leslie Bellais

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

Wisconsin had a rough few years during World War I. By the summer of 1917, newspaper editors from around the country questioned the state’s patriotism and even labeled it a “traitor state.” This reputation chagrined scores of Wisconsin’s prominent men and many of them immediately took to avenging the state’s name. They knew why their state looked like a potential hotbed of treason from afar: outspoken national representatives from the state, especially Senator Robert La Follette, had taken unpatriotic stances regarding the war, its significant Socialist population had not backed President Wilson or Congress’s declaration of ...


2b1: An American Abroad: Perceptions Of Americans In Buchan's Wwi Thriller, Greenmantle, Peter Faziani Sep 2018

2b1: An American Abroad: Perceptions Of Americans In Buchan's Wwi Thriller, Greenmantle, Peter Faziani

Proceedings of Armistice & Aftermath: A World War I Symposium

This talk will examine John Buchan’s presentation of American involvement in his World War I adventure novels, specifically his 1916 Greenmantle, to demonstrate that Buchan’s popular novels reinforced a notion of ideological power of Americans as uninvolved in the First World War. Considered the precursor to modern spy and thriller fiction, Buchan’s adventures often found British amateur spy, Richard Hannay, in the thick of some mysterious war-time plot to attack England. In his second Hannay novel, Greenmantle, Buchan’s plot is taken to Turkey to successfully decipher the code of Greenmantle after failing to prevent the on-set ...