Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Social and Behavioral Sciences Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

James Madison University

Discipline
Keyword
Publication Year
Publication
Publication Type
File Type

Articles 1 - 30 of 3507

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

How I Left My Phd In English Behind And Learned To Love The Stacks, Brian Flota Oct 2018

How I Left My Phd In English Behind And Learned To Love The Stacks, Brian Flota

Libraries

No abstract provided.


Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Management Training, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Management Training, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

Increasingly, managers in HD are management specialists with little or no field experience. If so, they usually delegate responsibility for training and operational needs to another person, often an "Ops Manager". The manager or Ops Manager will be in charge of all training and/or refresher training, so they should read the training suggestions for deminers, paramedics and field supervisors as well as those given here.

Because the accident database is a collection of reports covering events when things did not go as planned, the examples drawn from it are usually "negative" - what not to do, rather than what to ...


Ddas Or Rapid?, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas Or Rapid?, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

In 2015, Tajikistan became the first country to make all of its demining accident data available. Congratulations to the Tajikistan National Mine Action Centre (TNMAC), a government controlled body that has set an international standard for transparency.

Despite its popularity, and the frequent reference made to the database when updating international and national Mine Action standards, the DDAS has no formal support.

The nominal Humanitarian Mine Action industry leader is the United Nations Mine Action Service (UNMAS). UNMAS make no effort to collect and study accident records but, in 2011 when I left the IMAS Review Board, they began to ...


Ddas: Investigating A Metal Detector Reading, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Investigating A Metal Detector Reading, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

What follows are basic procedures that you can edit and refine to suit your equipment and working preferences. They presume that deminers operate in a "One-man procedure ", with the same deminer performing all tasks during a working shift. When there is not enough equipment for each deminer to be issued with a detector and tools, two-man teams can be deployed. In a two-man team, a one-man procedure is still used. One person works while the other rests, and each individual performs all the tasks required for clearance during his/her shift.


Ddas: Metal Detector Set-Up, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Metal Detector Set-Up, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

There must always be absolute confidence in the metal-detector’s ability to locate the target device at the required depth before Metal-detector clearance drills are applied. It is important to set-up the metal-detector appropriately for two main reasons. First it gives the Supervisors confidence that the ground can be cleared to the required depth. Second, it gives the deminers confidence that they can and will find every mine.

What follows is a basic procedure for use with all the current models of metal-detector that I know. It is intended to provide a basis that you can edit and refine to ...


Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Supervisor/Field Management Training, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Supervisor/Field Management Training, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

Field supervisors or managers should also read the suggested training needs for deminers because they will often be in charge of the deminers' training and/or refresher training. When they have any training concerns, they must report this in writing to the Senior Management in order to avoid censure if accidents result from inadequate training.

Because the accident database is a collection of reports covering events when things did not go as planned, the examples drawn from it are usually "negative" - what not to do, rather than what to do. They can be useful to explain the need for rules ...


Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Paramedic Training, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Paramedic Training, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

The examples of medical treatment in the database are rarely well detailed. When they are, they provide examples of both "positive" and "negative" responses to accidents. some of the worst negative responses are not the responsibility of the medic - who were simply not provided with the equipment or ambulance that they need. Parts of the reports may be used in lectures or presentations or they can be distributed for critical discussion.


Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Deminer Training, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas Suggested Training Uses: Deminer Training, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

The database provides real-world examples that can be used as training aids. This will often reinforce what is considered to be common sense. Be aware that the database records prove (beyond reasonable doubt) that some commonsense wisdom is incorrect.

For example, it is a myth that the most dangerous time for deminers is shortly after their initial training. On the contrary, there is some evidence to suggest that deminers actually become more likely to have an accident the longer they work as a deminer.


Ddas: Crunching Data From The Database Of Demining Accidents, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Crunching Data From The Database Of Demining Accidents, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

In the database of demining accidents, injuries are classed as either Severe or Minor. Injuries likely to be life threatening, to require surgery or to result in permanent disability are rated as Severe. All others are rated as Minor. This distinction is for convenience and is not intended to reflect on the discomfort and/or hardship associated with the injury. In some cases, injuries were not recorded in detail but I have resisted the temptation to infer detail. Note that, in very severe injuries, only the most severe injury is generally recorded.


Ddas: Using The Database Of Demining Accidents, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Using The Database Of Demining Accidents, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

The author has maintained a database of demining accidents for four years. It contains records of many of the explosive accidents that deminers suffer while going about their work. This article explains the uses and limitations of the database and the software developed to contain it.


Ddas: Suggested Training Uses, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Suggested Training Uses, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

The most common use of these records in training is to provide an example of what happens when things are done in the wrong way. This can be a powerful reinforcement of a lesson about doing things the right way. The database can also be a training aid for paramedics and for field and office managers.


Ddas: "Accidents" Or "Incidents", Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: "Accidents" Or "Incidents", Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

When I started writing about demining accidents I tried to form a sensible distinction between the terms "accident" and "incident". I decided to call an unintended explosive event (or an intended explosive event that resulted in injury) an "incident". This was because an "Incident report" would be generated from which lessons that might prevent repetition of the event might be derived. I noted that the word "accident" was used for all unintended occurrences, from dropping the kettle to a car crash, but did not always apply to an intentional event that resulted in an injury. So, at that time, the ...


Ddas: Introduction, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Introduction, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

The DDAS software was designed by me in 1998 using the Microsoft Access engine and a Visual Basic front-end. This was revised and became a relational database in 2003. The software can be used to display existing datasets or to record your own. Field names can be edited and replaced with names in another language and the content of dropdown pick-lists is easily customised. Originally distributed on CD, it is not generally given out any more but despite being dated and cludgy, it can still be used many later operating systems.


Ddas: Manual Demining Handtool Design Criteria, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Manual Demining Handtool Design Criteria, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

The research I have carried out on tool development has been based on accident studies, field trials and my experience in both demining and in manufacturing in small workshops. The research led to the evolution of the following criteria and constraints. I believe that these are essential requirements when designing hand-tools for use when excavating anti-personnel blast mines. Tools used during other demining activities may not have the same requirements.


Ddas: Metal Detector Search, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: Metal Detector Search, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

What follows are basic procedures for use with all the current models of metal detector that I know. It is intended to provide a basis that you can edit and refine to suit your equipment and working preferences.


Ddas: The Database Of Demining Accidents - A Driving Force In Hma, Database Of Demining Accidents Oct 2018

Ddas: The Database Of Demining Accidents - A Driving Force In Hma, Database Of Demining Accidents

Global CWD Repository

I started the Database of Demining Accidents (DDAS) in 1998 using public data gathered for the United States Army Communications-Electronics Command, Night Vision & Electronic Sensors Directorate. When they declined to publish and update the database, I did so with their tacit approval but no funding support. I did this in the hope of improving safety for deminers. The database is an easy-to use system containing the original demining accident reports overlaid with easy-search summaries.


Adapting The Framework At Jmu Libraries And Educational Technologies: ​ A Collaboration Between Instructional Designers And Librarian Liaisons​, Liz Thompson, Malia Willey, Elaine Kaye Sep 2018

Adapting The Framework At Jmu Libraries And Educational Technologies: ​ A Collaboration Between Instructional Designers And Librarian Liaisons​, Liz Thompson, Malia Willey, Elaine Kaye

Libraries

At James Madison University (JMU), a small team of faculty members in Libraries & Educational Technologies (LET) collaborated to develop new information literacy student learning outcomes based on the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education. The Information Literacy Task Force was tasked with unifying the conversation around information literacy within LET and providing student learning outcomes that educators will be able to adapt into content, activities, and assessments. Instructional designers and librarians worked together to explore the framework in the diverse context of the JMU community. We will share how the unique collaboration between instructional designers and librarians created ...


Organic Outreach For Academic Libraries: Collaborating With Student Affairs Units To Reach College Students, Kristen S. Shuyler Sep 2018

Organic Outreach For Academic Libraries: Collaborating With Student Affairs Units To Reach College Students, Kristen S. Shuyler

Libraries

The college campus is a complex ecosystem of services and resources. Academic library outreach efforts offered in partnership with Student Affairs units can support the whole student as they navigate this ecosystem. This presentation offers one librarian's experience collaborating with Student Affairs units such as health, counseling, and recreation centers. A mental model for this work that draws on the metaphor of organic gardening helps frame the remarks and reflections.


Endnotes, Cisr Jmu Sep 2018

Endnotes, Cisr Jmu

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

No abstract provided.


The Hybrid Thermal Lance: A Promising New Technique For The Destruction Of Landmines And Uxo By Deflagration, Donald Pratt, Nick Torbet Sep 2018

The Hybrid Thermal Lance: A Promising New Technique For The Destruction Of Landmines And Uxo By Deflagration, Donald Pratt, Nick Torbet

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Explosive ordnance can be destroyed by a variety of methods. Destruction in-situ using an explosive charge is generally the preferred means; it is reliable, technically straightforward, and often the safest option. Other techniques include thermite-based tools or low-explosive powered disruptors. However, in a number of current humanitarian mine action (HMA) operating environments, clearance organizations are faced with restrictions on explosive use and/or importation of other energetic materials such as thermite. This may be due to the legitimate security concerns of mine-affected states, or legislative frameworks that do not account for non-military use of explosive ordnance disposal (EOD) tools. This ...


Sepon Supports Uxo Clearance In Laos, Saman Aneka, Micheal Valent Sep 2018

Sepon Supports Uxo Clearance In Laos, Saman Aneka, Micheal Valent

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Sepon mine, owned by the largest international mining company in Laos, MMG Lane Xang Minerals Limited Sepon (LXML), is situated in a remote area of Vilabouly District, Savannakhet Province—one of the most bombed districts in Lao PDR. Over 21,000 people have been killed or injured as a result of unexploded ordnance (UXO) accidents in the post-war period (1974–2018), of which 25 percent were in Savannakhet Province. This legacy brings unique challenges to mining operations, development projects, and agricultural production.


How Iraq Is Changing What We Do: Measuring Clearance In Urban Environments, Pehr Lodhammar Sep 2018

How Iraq Is Changing What We Do: Measuring Clearance In Urban Environments, Pehr Lodhammar

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Iraq is changing what we think, say, and do about mine action. The terms, standards, and measurements used by the humanitarian mine action (HMA) community need to be revised as Daesh remains a destabilizing influence. While the Al Maedam district of Mosul fell to Iraqi Security Forces in a ‘last battle’ on 10 July 2017, the government declared an official end to the conflict in Iraq on 10 December 2017. Whereas HMA followed the signing of the Dayton


Shattered Lives And Bodies: Recovery Of Survivors Of Improvised Explosive Devices And Explosive Remnants Of War In Northeast Syria, Médecins Sans Frontières Sep 2018

Shattered Lives And Bodies: Recovery Of Survivors Of Improvised Explosive Devices And Explosive Remnants Of War In Northeast Syria, Médecins Sans Frontières

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

In northeast Syria, fighting, airstrikes, and artillery shelling have led to the displacement of hundreds of thousands of civilians from the cities of Deir ez-Zor and Raqqa, as well as rural areas along the eastern bank of the Euphrates River. Now that active fighting has moved toward the Syrian- Iraqi border, the population is beginning to return home. However, explosive remnants of war (ERW), improvised explosive devices (IED), and booby traps (remaining from conflict or planted purposefully in homes) continue to put the returning population at immense risk and further obstruct vital humanitarian access.


Increasing Efforts In Ssma: What Does It Take?, Ursign Hofmann, Samuel Paunila, Katherine Prizeman Sep 2018

Increasing Efforts In Ssma: What Does It Take?, Ursign Hofmann, Samuel Paunila, Katherine Prizeman

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

The inadequate management of conventional ammunition results in negative consequences such as diversion to illicit groups and unplanned explosions at munitions sites (UEMS). Both diversion and unintended blasts can result in a severe humanitarian impact, undermine development efforts, compromise defense capabilities, and lead to instability.

In recognition of this recurring danger, political, normative, and operational efforts have increased to promote the safe and secure management of ammunition (SSMA). As the issue enjoys greater national, regional, and international attention, stakeholders should simultaneously take stock of achievements, consider if current efforts address the challenges at hand, and appreciate what further steps are ...


Life-Cycle Management Of Ammunition: Safety, Security, And Sustainability, Jovana Carapic, Eric J. Deschambault, Paul Holtom, Benjamin King Sep 2018

Life-Cycle Management Of Ammunition: Safety, Security, And Sustainability, Jovana Carapic, Eric J. Deschambault, Paul Holtom, Benjamin King

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

Ammunition is an essential resource for the implementation of a national defense and security policy. National ammunition stockpiles—regardless of their functional classification—can pose risks to national security and public safety. Poor accounting and inadequate physical security of storage facilities can lead to the diversion of ammunition from the national stockpile to terrorists, criminals, and other armed groups, increasing insecurity and instability. Furthermore, the deterioration of munition components can contribute to unplanned explosions at munitions sites (UEMS), which can have significant negative socioeconomic and political consequences for the public and national governments. Comprehensive ammunition management ensures that the right ...


The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 22.2, Cisr Jmu Sep 2018

The Journal Of Conventional Weapons Destruction Issue 22.2, Cisr Jmu

Journal of Conventional Weapons Destruction

FEATURE: Safe and Secure Management of Ammunition

in the SPOTLIGHT: IRAQ and SYRIA

Field Notes

Research and Development


Mindfulness Practices For Information Literacy: Encouraging Reflective Engagement With Information, Liz Chenevey Jul 2018

Mindfulness Practices For Information Literacy: Encouraging Reflective Engagement With Information, Liz Chenevey

Libraries

Information Literacy is an important skill required by the APA of undergraduate psychology students. The Association of College & Research Libraries partially defines Information Literacy as the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information. These abilities are most often seen in research, yet many undergraduate students see research projects as a frustrating burden and another stressor in their busy semesters. Librarians can help them navigate the changing information landscape and the research process as whole, but how much reflection and synthesis do students take part in? Mindfulness practices are increasing in popularity in higher education as they have ...


Effective Use Of “Guest Lecturers” In Online Instruction, Emily Rogers, Howard S. Carrier Jun 2018

Effective Use Of “Guest Lecturers” In Online Instruction, Emily Rogers, Howard S. Carrier

Libraries

“Guest lecturers” can share insight and experiences, especially in classes that support professional programs, but how can they be best utilized in the online teaching environment? In presenting this paper at DLA 2018, the authors seek to discuss this question, drawing upon their recent, empirical research investigating the role of guest lecturers in online library science classes.


Great Libraries Open Doors: Collaborating With Career Services To Support Library Employees At James Madison University, Jennifer A. Keach, Chandra Lane Jun 2018

Great Libraries Open Doors: Collaborating With Career Services To Support Library Employees At James Madison University, Jennifer A. Keach, Chandra Lane

Libraries

Supporting the career development of your library faculty and staff can help you retain highly qualified employees and develop your next leaders. In 2017, the presenters’ university library embraced a new initiative to support our employees in their career goals. Through a partnership with the university Career & Academic Planning office, the mid-sized academic library developed and implemented an immersive program focused on the participants’ career goals. The blended program included self-assessments, 360-degree feedback, expert panels, informational interviews, networking strategies, resume reviews, and interview practice during in-person class sessions and online. This poster provides details about the program objectives, curriculum, and ...


Volume 1, Issue 2 May 2018

Volume 1, Issue 2

International Journal on Responsibility

Contents:

3 – 5 Howard Zehr, Restorative Justice and the Gandhian Tradition.

6 – 26 Richard E. Rubenstein, Responsibility for Peacemaking in the Context of Structural Violence.

27 – 64 Marc Pufong, Terror, Insecurity, State Responsibility and Challenges: Yesterday and Today?

65 – 77 Ron Kraybill, Responsibility, Community and Conflict Resolution in an Age of Polarization.

78 – 96 John Fairfield, Beyond non-violence to courtship.

97 – 98 Call for papers for forthcoming issues of the International Journal on Responsibility and instructions for authors.