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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

H91-1118. Wichers, Willard C. (1909-1991). Records, 1930, 1949-1987. 13.50 Linear Ft. Partially Restricted, Hope College Jun 2020

H91-1118. Wichers, Willard C. (1909-1991). Records, 1930, 1949-1987. 13.50 Linear Ft. Partially Restricted, Hope College

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Willard C. Wichers graduated from Hope College in 1932. He was very involved in the Hope College Board of Trustees, where he held the position of secretary, 1968-1982. Wichers was a major factor in the Dutch Language Program at University of Michigan, and brought many professors over from the Netherlands. He was made a Knight in the Order of the Orange-Nassau of Netherlands in 1947 and an officer in the same order in 1954. He served on the Holland Historical Cultural Commission, the Holland Area Historical Advisory Commission, the Michigan Historic Preservation Review Board, the Historical Society of Michigan, the ...


Global Technologies: A Discussion Regarding The Digital Divide, Stephen Hommowun Apr 2020

Global Technologies: A Discussion Regarding The Digital Divide, Stephen Hommowun

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

The digital divide is a concept that explains the gap in technological access between the global north and south. The purpose of this study is to show how technology can be used to enact social change. This study has found that there is a positive correlation between less technological access and less social change. As such, this study will also discuss factors that limit countries’ ability to develop new technology. These factors include a country’s economic strength, their literacy and educational standards, infrastructure in place, and political organization.


How Do Resilience Resources Change In Response To Acute Stress?, Victoria Gardner, Nina Cuthrell, Sydney Tressler Apr 2020

How Do Resilience Resources Change In Response To Acute Stress?, Victoria Gardner, Nina Cuthrell, Sydney Tressler

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

People respond to stress in a variety of ways. Resilience, or the ability to bounce back from adversity, is a common response (Bonanno, 2004). Because adversity is common, it is vital to further examine sources of resilience. There is a lack of knowledge related to resilience and everyday stress, thus, we intended to study the relationship between resilience resources and acute stressors. In particular, we wanted to test whether people with higher resilience resources experienced acute stressors as less stressful than others and whether self-ratings of resilience resources would change after exposure to acute stress. Participants are recruited through a ...


Distinctions Between Democratic Developments In Africa: Different Journeys For Similar Outcomes?, Emma Deslauriers-Knop Apr 2020

Distinctions Between Democratic Developments In Africa: Different Journeys For Similar Outcomes?, Emma Deslauriers-Knop

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

Democracy has had a tumultuous experience in sub-Saharan Africa. However, democracy has been gaining traction across the continent especially since the early 1990’s in the so-called “third wave” of democracy. This study explores democratic developments in Africa in order to determine potential factors of influence within the creation and “success” of a democracy, as reported by indices such as Freedom House Index and Transparency Index. In addition to the resulting democracy, this study examines the process of the transition of power from the previous regime of a country to the newfound democracy, and how this is a critical make ...


The Influence Of Hsv-1 Infection On Circadian Rhythms And Behavior In Mice, Lauren Evert, Kevin Catalfano, Victoria Gardner, Anna Lunderberg Apr 2020

The Influence Of Hsv-1 Infection On Circadian Rhythms And Behavior In Mice, Lauren Evert, Kevin Catalfano, Victoria Gardner, Anna Lunderberg

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

Herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) infection is a lifelong viral infection that affects approximately half of the human population (McQuillan et al., 2018), yet little is known about its neurological effects. There is correlational evidence that infection with HSV-1 can induce cognitive decline and increased anxiety behaviors (Harris & Harris, 2015; Steel & Eslick, 2015; Tarter, Simanek, Dowd, & Aiello, 2014). In addition, HSV-1 may be associated with disruptions to circadian rhythms because HSV-1 is associated with chronic fatigue syndrome (Bond & Dinan, 2006), the time of HSV-1 infection impacts the viral replication (Edgar, 2016), and HSV impacts CLOCK machinery (Zhuang et al., 2017). Despite all of these associations of HSV-1 mediated neurological changes, a direct cause-effect relationship has yet to be established. This gap is vital to address in order to understand how viral infections impact behavior.

In the current study, we examined causal relationships between HSV-1 infection and anxiety-like behaviors, and between HSV-1 infection and circadian rhythms. To achieve these aims, 20 BALB/c mice were infected with HSV-1 or vehicle via corneal scarification. Then, in various lighting conditions, infrared sensors tracked activity in order to non-invasively measure circadian rhythms. Next, potential differences in anxiety-levels were examined through behavioral testing (i.e., open field test, elevated zero maze, light-dark box). After behavioral testing, the animals were sacrificed and brain tissue was harvested.

We hypothesized that adult mice infected with HSV-1 would exhibit increased anxiety-like behaviors and disrupted circadian rhythms as compared to control mice. Preliminary data suggest that the groups did not significantly differ in total activity during the pre-inoculation phase. There were short-term (one week post inoculation) significant decreases in activity in the HSV-1 group; however, these differences disappeared by four weeks post inoculation.

These results will have important implications for understanding viral infections, specifically HSV-1, and how these infections impact anxiety-like behaviors and circadian rhythmicity.


The Role Of Group Pride, Sympathy, & Guilt In Changing Privileged Groups' Views Of Racism, Natalie Trout, Maya Newell, Timothy Bartelds Ii Apr 2020

The Role Of Group Pride, Sympathy, & Guilt In Changing Privileged Groups' Views Of Racism, Natalie Trout, Maya Newell, Timothy Bartelds Ii

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

There’s a large gap between the way many Americans (especially Caucasians) and ethnic minorities perceive racism and the reality of experiencing racism. Among many Caucasians, there is a pervasive norm that race and racism are no longer a problem, yet 74% of Blacks polled in 2009 said they were personally discriminated against because of their race (Reid & Foehls, 2010). The goal of this study was to extend prior theory on group emotions to a new domain. We tested whether creating group pride, guilt, and sympathy influenced perceptions of racism in people who belong to a privileged group (Caucasians). We ...


How Religious Priming Affects Attitudes About Immigration, Taylor Richmond, Kelly Teahan, Carolyn Priebe, Matthew Severino Apr 2020

How Religious Priming Affects Attitudes About Immigration, Taylor Richmond, Kelly Teahan, Carolyn Priebe, Matthew Severino

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

Many world religions emphasize the importance of charity and hospitality towards those in need, so one may expect there to be greater levels of helpfulness towards immigrants among the religious. However, several social psychological perspectives, including Social Identity Theory (Tajfel & Turner, 1979), Coalitional Psychology (Navarrete & Fessler, 2005), and Terror Management Theory (Solomon, Greenberg, & Pyszczynski, 2000), have found that people are more willing to help in-group members than out-of-group members. Religious texts often vary in theme and research has found that biblical passages about a violent God led participants to be more aggressive, (Bushman. Ridge, Das, Key, & Busath, 2007), whereas having participants read peace-based passages from their religious texts reduced negative attitudes toward religious outgroup members (e.g., Christians and Muslims; Rothschild, Abdollahi, & Pyszczynski, 2009). The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of priming religious texts on attitudes towards refugees in the United States. The study employs a 5 (religious prime) x 2 (immigrant religion) design. Undergraduate participants (N = 148) were first randomly assigned to one of five priming conditions (i.e., religious inclusion, religious exclusion, general religion ...


Setback Of Foreign Aid In Sub-Saharan Africa, Sungmin Suh Apr 2020

Setback Of Foreign Aid In Sub-Saharan Africa, Sungmin Suh

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

Every year, tens of billions of dollars are transferred as foreign aid to so-called developing countries, including sub-Saharan African states. My research regards the overall effectiveness in the development of these recipients. Some evidence supports the success of foreign aid in fostering development. My focus is to understand the effectiveness of foreign aid beyond the individual outcomes of various aid programs. Particularly, I will explore how aid affects investment, self-determination, democracy, and transparency in recipient nations. In this study, I examine the realities of the countries at individual country-levels rather than the macro measures focused on by such scholars as ...


The Digital Divide In Sub-Saharan Africa, Taylor Spanbauer Apr 2020

The Digital Divide In Sub-Saharan Africa, Taylor Spanbauer

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

The existence of a digital divide affects all information technology (IT) users. The digital divide is known as the gap between those who are able to make effective use of technology and the Internet, and those who are not. My project will explore the existence of a digital divide between countries in the global north and countries in the global south. Additionally, I will investigate the possible causes of the digital divide, and the positive or negative effects the divide may have on societies, all with an emphasis on sub-Saharan Africa. Causes of the digital divide can be traced to ...


The Resource Curse In Africa, Madison Smith Apr 2020

The Resource Curse In Africa, Madison Smith

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

Countries with an abundance of highly valued natural resources face the possibility of thriving or struggling due to the presence of such resources. This project examines the potential resource curse in sub-Saharan Africa. The research here will draw on previous insights on how resources affect economic and political development in Africa. I will consider how the availability of valuable resources affects political elites’ relationship with their citizens and why the impact of resources matters in a comparative perspective. Using data collection and research on the existence of the resource curse, I expect to find that the curse is real and ...


Disability, Religiousness, & Spirituality, Kimberly Paquette Apr 2020

Disability, Religiousness, & Spirituality, Kimberly Paquette

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

Poliovirus, which is transmitted by a fecal oral route, caused worldwide epidemics in the 20th century, which peaked in the 1940s and 1950s. Today, post-polio syndrome (PPS) is affecting polio survivors and is considered a secondary disability. Individuals who are affected by PPS experience new symptoms similar to those of polio that include weakness in muscles, fatigue, and pain from joint degeneration. Besides these physical symptoms, previous research indicates that polio survivors and PPS affected individuals experience multiple psychological detriments such as anxiety, fear, and depression which could be related to experiencing this secondary disability after recovering from polio. Previous ...


Population, Politics And Power: An Investigation Into The Tribal Systems Governing Nigeria’S Democracy After The 1967 Civil War, Marvellous Ogudoro Apr 2020

Population, Politics And Power: An Investigation Into The Tribal Systems Governing Nigeria’S Democracy After The 1967 Civil War, Marvellous Ogudoro

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

Nigeria is the most populous Black nation in the world but economically underperforming relative to its huge natural resources. The country’s interesting history is a by-product of numerous forces that moved across Africa and Europe starting in the 18th century. The 1967 civil war that divided Nigeria was inspired by the tribal grievances created by British Colonizers. It was fought for economic reasons. The Nigerian state could not allow Biafra to successfully secede as most of the revenue-generating oil wells were located in the South-Eastern part of the country(known as Biafra during the war). The underlying tensions that ...


Democratic Development In Africa, Isabella Musherure Apr 2020

Democratic Development In Africa, Isabella Musherure

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

The last three decades have seen states in Africa, alongside states around the world, experiment with democracy to varying degrees. Scholarship on the successes and struggle among these democratic attempts suggest certain factors influence the transitions to and consolidation of democracy. These factors include structural and contingent factors, national vs. international factors, and economic vs. political factors. Yet there are still unknown influences on democracy. My research seeks to understand the call for democracy and the reasons why some citizens are pro-democracy and others aren’t, what neopatrimonialism is and the implications that it has on society. Lastly, understand how ...


Understanding Moral Foundations: Gender, Politics, And Religion Within A Sample Of First Year Pre-Health Students, Grace Hannah Apr 2020

Understanding Moral Foundations: Gender, Politics, And Religion Within A Sample Of First Year Pre-Health Students, Grace Hannah

19th Annual Celebration of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activity (2020)

All individuals have a sense of what actions are moral or immoral, even without specifically deliberating about decisions. Prior research has shown that moral foundations theory is helpful in understanding variations in moral sentiments within a population. These moral foundations consist of five domains: harm, fairness, in-group/loyalty, authority, and purity/sanctity. For this research project, we looked into how respondents’ religious affiliation, gender, and political ideology affected their core moral foundations. We sent an electronic questionnaire to college freshman who indicated an interest in a health related studies or profession from an initial survey they took before beginning college ...


News From Hope College, Volume 51.3: Spring, 2020, Hope College Apr 2020

News From Hope College, Volume 51.3: Spring, 2020, Hope College

News from Hope College

No abstract provided.


H14-1866. Habink-Hogenboom, Dena (1898-1975). Papers, 1918-1975. 0.50 Linear Ft., Hope College Feb 2020

H14-1866. Habink-Hogenboom, Dena (1898-1975). Papers, 1918-1975. 0.50 Linear Ft., Hope College

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Dena Habink-Hogenboom attended Hope College from 1919-1922. The collection consists of assorted papers Hogenboom (nee Habink) while a student. Prior to her marriage in 1928 to Joshua M. Hogenboom, she taught at a mission school in Winnebago, Nebraska. Her Bible courses from this time would later be published in a book titled Contrast and Contest in the Bible. Dena and Joshua M. Hogenboom would go on to serve numerous communities around the United States. The collection consists of drafts and completed academic essays, outlines, and notes, two lesson plans, and assorted clippings of quotes and articles from educational and religious ...


The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.04: Winter 2020, Aine O'Connor, Geoffrey Reynolds, Fritz Kliphuis Jan 2020

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.04: Winter 2020, Aine O'Connor, Geoffrey Reynolds, Fritz Kliphuis

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.


The Anchor, Volume 133.04: December 6, 2019, Hope College Dec 2019

The Anchor, Volume 133.04: December 6, 2019, Hope College

The Anchor: 2019

The Anchor began in 1887 and was first issued weekly in 1914. Covering national and campus news alike, Hope College’s student-run newspaper has grown over the years to encompass over two-dozen editors, reporters, and staff. For much of The Anchor's history, the latest issue was distributed across campus each Wednesday throughout the academic school year (with few exceptions). As of Fall 2019 The Anchor has moved to monthly print issues and a more frequently updated website. Occasionally, the volume and/or issue numbering is irregular.


News From Hope College, Volume 51.2: Winter, 2019, Hope College Dec 2019

News From Hope College, Volume 51.2: Winter, 2019, Hope College

News from Hope College

No abstract provided.


The Anchor, Volume 133.03: November 22, 2019, Hope College Nov 2019

The Anchor, Volume 133.03: November 22, 2019, Hope College

The Anchor: 2019

The Anchor began in 1887 and was first issued weekly in 1914. Covering national and campus news alike, Hope College’s student-run newspaper has grown over the years to encompass over two-dozen editors, reporters, and staff. For much of The Anchor's history, the latest issue was distributed across campus each Wednesday throughout the academic school year (with few exceptions). As of Fall 2019 The Anchor has moved to monthly print issues and a more frequently updated website. Occasionally, the volume and/or issue numbering is irregular.


The Anchor, Volume 133.02: October 18, 2019, Hope College Oct 2019

The Anchor, Volume 133.02: October 18, 2019, Hope College

The Anchor: 2019

The Anchor began in 1887 and was first issued weekly in 1914. Covering national and campus news alike, Hope College’s student-run newspaper has grown over the years to encompass over two-dozen editors, reporters, and staff. For much of The Anchor's history, the latest issue was distributed across campus each Wednesday throughout the academic school year (with few exceptions). As of Fall 2019 The Anchor has moved to monthly print issues and a more frequently updated website. Occasionally, the volume and/or issue numbering is irregular.


The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.03: Fall 2019, Marc Baer, Geoffrey Reynolds, Allison Utting Oct 2019

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.03: Fall 2019, Marc Baer, Geoffrey Reynolds, Allison Utting

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.


The Anchor, Volume 133.01: September 18, 2019, Hope College Sep 2019

The Anchor, Volume 133.01: September 18, 2019, Hope College

The Anchor: 2019

The Anchor began in 1887 and was first issued weekly in 1914. Covering national and campus news alike, Hope College’s student-run newspaper has grown over the years to encompass over two-dozen editors, reporters, and staff. For much of The Anchor's history, the latest issue was distributed across campus each Wednesday throughout the academic school year (with few exceptions). As of Fall 2019 The Anchor has moved to monthly print issues and a more frequently updated website. Occasionally, the volume and/or issue numbering is irregular.


Why You Should Consider Going To Non-Library Conferences, Michael Denotto Aug 2019

Why You Should Consider Going To Non-Library Conferences, Michael Denotto

Faculty Publications

I have been an academic librarian for almost 7 years. This summer, I attended my first ALA National Conference. I plan on attending my first ACRL Conference in 2021. Nearly half the conferences I have participated in during my career have been non-library focused. I believe that alternating between library and non-library conferences has made me a better librarian and library advocate. And, as such, this is a path that I encourage other librarians to consider.


News From Hope College, Volume 51.1: Summer, 2019, Hope College Aug 2019

News From Hope College, Volume 51.1: Summer, 2019, Hope College

News from Hope College

No abstract provided.


The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.02: Summer 2019, Paul Trap, Geoffrey Reynolds, Maggie Houseman Jul 2019

The Joint Archives Quarterly, Volume 29.02: Summer 2019, Paul Trap, Geoffrey Reynolds, Maggie Houseman

The Joint Archives Quarterly

No abstract provided.


H18-1460.20. Spaan, Milton C. (1914-2005). Papers, 1931-1936. 0.25 Linear Ft., Hope College May 2019

H18-1460.20. Spaan, Milton C. (1914-2005). Papers, 1931-1936. 0.25 Linear Ft., Hope College

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Hope College class of 1936; Michigan State University class of 1969; Western Michigan University teaching certificate; cost accountant for the City of Wyoming; teacher at Central High School. Collection includes photos, a newsletter, and a scrapbook relating to his time in high school and at Hope College, 1931-1936.


W18-1460.10. Spaan, Cornelius H. (1872-1940). Papers, 1906-2001. 0.25 Linear Ft., Western Theological Seminary May 2019

W18-1460.10. Spaan, Cornelius H. (1872-1940). Papers, 1906-2001. 0.25 Linear Ft., Western Theological Seminary

Collection Registers and Abstracts

Hope College Class of 1899; Princeton Theological Seminary class of 1904; McCormick Theological Seminary class of 1912; Hope College Doctor of Divinity recipient of 1935; pastor at Grace Reformed Church in Grand Rapids, Michigan, 1912-1938. Collection consists of handwritten sermons preached at Grace Reformed and other churches, 1906-1924.


Steadfast Standards Or Fluctuating Fancies? Stability And Change In People’S Mate Criteria Over 27 Months, Carrie A. Bredow, Nicole Hames May 2019

Steadfast Standards Or Fluctuating Fancies? Stability And Change In People’S Mate Criteria Over 27 Months, Carrie A. Bredow, Nicole Hames

Faculty Publications

Although research on mate preferences has been built on the assumption that the criteria people report at one point in time should predict their future partnering behavior, little is known about the temporal stability of people’s standards. Using survey data collected at four time points from 285 originally unmarried individuals, this study examined the rank-order, meanlevel, individual-level and ipsative stability of people’s mate criteria over 27 months. Overall, reported standards exhibited moderate to high baseline stability, with rank-order and ipsative estimates comparable to those reported for personality traits. At the same time, mean- and individual-level analyses revealed small ...


The Effects Of Ambient Temperature And Lighting Intensity On Wheel-Running Behavior In A Diurnal Rodent, The Nile Grass Rat (Arvicanthis Niloticus), Garrett M. Fogo, Alyssa M. Goodwin, Ohanes S. Khacherian, Brandi J. Ledbetter, Andrew J. Gall May 2019

The Effects Of Ambient Temperature And Lighting Intensity On Wheel-Running Behavior In A Diurnal Rodent, The Nile Grass Rat (Arvicanthis Niloticus), Garrett M. Fogo, Alyssa M. Goodwin, Ohanes S. Khacherian, Brandi J. Ledbetter, Andrew J. Gall

Faculty Publications

Environmental conditions, such as the light-dark cycle and temperature, affect the display of circadian rhythmicity and locomotor activity patterns in mammals. Here, we tested the hypothesis that manipulating these environmental conditions would affect wheel-running activity patterns in a diurnal rodent, the Nile grass rat (Arvicanthis niloticus). Grass rats are diurnal in the field, however, a subset switch from a day-active pattern to a night-active pattern of activity after the introduction of a running wheel. The mechanism of this chronotype switch remains largely unknown. In the present study, grass rats were presented with running wheels in 12:12 light-dark conditions. First ...