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Grand Valley State University

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Articles 1 - 30 of 5507

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Twiggy: An Osteological Reconstruction Of A Skeletal Model's Identity, Alexis Rausch Apr 2020

Twiggy: An Osteological Reconstruction Of A Skeletal Model's Identity, Alexis Rausch

Student Scholars Day Posters

Since the 1990s, GVSU’s Anthropology Department has housed the disarticulated hanging skeleton of an individual nicknamed Twiggy who was originally used as a medical model. Typically little is known about individuals used as medical models, as is true in this individual’s case. To continue using these remains as teaching material, it is imperative that we understand more about their life. In alignment with post-processual archaeological theory, this project aims to reconstruct the life of one individual. In order to do so, a profile will be constructed for the individual by estimating traits such as age, sex, and stature ...


Barriers To Bystander Interventions For Sexual Assault - Department Of Psychology Research Session, Tylor Kistler Apr 2020

Barriers To Bystander Interventions For Sexual Assault - Department Of Psychology Research Session, Tylor Kistler

Student Scholars Day Oral Presentations

Bystander intervention programs have consistently demonstrated beneficial effects on community norms and intervention behaviors (Kettrey, Marx, & TannerSmith, 2019). However, much of the research fails to measure opportunities to intervene relative to actual behaviors (McMahon et al., 2015), and how these behaviors relate to a personal history of sexual victimization (Woods et al., 2016). This study aimed to examine the relationship between a bystander’s victimization history, perceived barriers, and bystander intervention. Data from undergraduate students (N = 583; 79.7% female; MAge=18.92) suggested that those with such a history perceive themselves as less able to identify risky situations, but are actually more likely to notice such situations and less likely to intervene. Therefore, it may be necessary to target perceived barriers as well as the disparity between observations and interventions in risky situations.


Pushing Boundaries: Experimental Expressions - Natural (Part One), Abigail Emens, Olivia Kelly, Sydney Kruise, Jillian Neumann, Kimberley Quinn, Meghan Reiman, Jacob Westbrook, Zoe Zaroff Apr 2020

Pushing Boundaries: Experimental Expressions - Natural (Part One), Abigail Emens, Olivia Kelly, Sydney Kruise, Jillian Neumann, Kimberley Quinn, Meghan Reiman, Jacob Westbrook, Zoe Zaroff

Student Scholars Day Oral Presentations

Part One - Natural

As a collective, we aim to explore the interplay between nature and humanity through experimental photographic mediums both 2D and 3d. We hope to convey eight different interconnected perspectives on this concept. To achieve this, we incorporate photographic mediums involving elements from the natural world such as the obvious, plants, butterflies, and spider webs, to the more abstract existence of humans. We were once heavily connected with nature, relying on it to sustain life. While nature continues to be essential to human survival, we have become disconnected.


Everyday Is Halloween: The Role Of Fashion And Music In Goth Subculture, Lucretia Dunlap Apr 2020

Everyday Is Halloween: The Role Of Fashion And Music In Goth Subculture, Lucretia Dunlap

Student Scholars Day Posters

Goth subculture has been around since the 80s, first emerging as a reaction to the commercialized pop and rock scenes. This movement originated with the rebellious punk subculture of the West and United Kingdom. Very quickly, goth music and fashion were appropriated by other bands and magazines (Spracklen & Spracklen, 2014). Goth subculture has had massive effects on popular culture, influencing movies, various music scenes, and fashion styles. My research was motivated by a desire to contribute to the literature about goth subculture, with a focus on how those within the culture view the culture and their peers within it. During ...


How Diet Affects The Environment, Jessica Riley Apr 2020

How Diet Affects The Environment, Jessica Riley

Student Scholars Day Posters

While climate events result in large scale economic costs for communities, the social impacts are just as devastating. With the community event titled "How Diet Affects the Environment," the aim was to spread awareness about the negative environmental impacts of consuming animal products. From the literature and collaboration, attendees were encouraged to acknowledge how their eating habits affect the environment. Raising animals for food is responsible for 30% of the world's water consumption, occupies 45% of the earth's land, and is responsible for 91% of Amazon destruction. By exposing people to this information, there was a push to ...


"What's Happening Brother": Detroit's Revolutionary Black Workers And The Vietnam War, Nicholas Busby Apr 2020

"What's Happening Brother": Detroit's Revolutionary Black Workers And The Vietnam War, Nicholas Busby

Student Scholars Day Oral Presentations

The decade of the 1960s was pivotal in Detroit’s history. At a time when people struggled against imperialism and racism, Detroit’s Black community was especially cognizant of their role in this struggle. Based on extensive archival research findings, Detroit’s Black community intensely opposed racism and oppression, and Black auto workers were at the vanguard of this struggle within Detroit. These workers had strong reactions to the Vietnam War. The Inner City Voice and the League of Revolutionary Black Workers were militant groups in Detroit’s Black community during the Vietnam War. The politics and ideals of these ...


Diagnosing Short-Term Memory Scanning Using Systems Factorial Technology: A Conceptual Replication, Tylor Kistler, Monica Van Til, Lola Erfourth Apr 2020

Diagnosing Short-Term Memory Scanning Using Systems Factorial Technology: A Conceptual Replication, Tylor Kistler, Monica Van Til, Lola Erfourth

Student Scholars Day Posters

Townsend and Fific (2004) published an influential short-term memory (STM) study in which they observed individual differences in serial and parallel STM scanning. The authors employed systems factorial technology —a novel methodology that provides strong diagnostic tests of cognitive structuring—and presented a new method of manipulating probe-to-memory item processing speed for memory loads (N=2). Three variables were manipulated in this experiment: number of processing elements (N=2), phonemic dissimilarity of a target to the particular memorized item (high, low), and duration between the memorized set and a target (short, long). In the original study, 10 subjects each participated ...


A Biopsychosocial Interpretation Of The Function Of Religion Evolutionary Perspectives, Jamesian Principles, And Consequential Effects, Austin Avison Apr 2020

A Biopsychosocial Interpretation Of The Function Of Religion Evolutionary Perspectives, Jamesian Principles, And Consequential Effects, Austin Avison

Student Scholars Day Oral Presentations

This article seeks to assess the psychological role in which religion plays within human emotion, behavior, and mental processes. The aims of this research are to provide a psychological oriented basis for interpreting the function of religion within human operation and interaction. First, by incorporating contributions that have been made within the subfield of evolutionary psychology in assessing the evolutionary and adaptive basis in which religious cognition and experience emerged. Further, by addressing the theoretical contributions made within Terror Management Theory in accounting for a psychological function that religion serves. Third, by incorporating the ideas of William James in providing ...


Pushing Boundaries: Experimental Expressions - Unnatural (Part Two), Abigail Emens, Olivia Kelly, Sydney Kruise, Jillian Neumann, Kimberley Quinn, Meghan Reiman, Jacob Westbrook, Zoe Zaroff Apr 2020

Pushing Boundaries: Experimental Expressions - Unnatural (Part Two), Abigail Emens, Olivia Kelly, Sydney Kruise, Jillian Neumann, Kimberley Quinn, Meghan Reiman, Jacob Westbrook, Zoe Zaroff

Student Scholars Day Oral Presentations

Part Two - Unnatural

As a continuation of part one, we attempt to accentuate the growing disconnect from nature. In their obsession for perfection, humans have sought to replicate everything natural in a flawless and everlasting way. Not only have we produced fake plants and artificial flavoring, but we have also started manipulating ourselves to form a distorted version of the original. To show this, we are combining human elements with our synthetic products and framing our work in a way that you can clearly see the distortion. Nature is essential to human survival, yet we continue to become unnatural. Survival ...


Exploration Of The Effectiveness Of Naprotechnology In Women’S Healthcare, Cecilia Cerven Apr 2020

Exploration Of The Effectiveness Of Naprotechnology In Women’S Healthcare, Cecilia Cerven

Student Scholars Day Posters

Many women today struggle with abnormal menstrual cycles and the painful symptoms of reproductive disorders. The standard approach to treatment of irregular menses, PCOS, endometriosis, hormonal abnormalities, PMS, and other conditions is the prescription of a pill for symptom management. A relatively new and innovative method to fertility care is drawing the attention of healthcare providers and prospective clients alike, which offers an alternative approach. NaProTechnology, or Natural Procreative Technology, works with Fertility Awareness-Based Methods (FABMs) to detect and treat various reproductive disorders. This project will assist in bridging the gaps in education and overall awareness of treatment options available ...


Social Movements: An Analysis Of The Youth Climate Strike, Hannah Pierson Apr 2020

Social Movements: An Analysis Of The Youth Climate Strike, Hannah Pierson

Student Scholars Day Posters

Youth dominated social movements have been occurring throughout the last several decades, however recently they have been taking the world by storm. From the Civil Rights Movement and Anti-Apartheid to March for Our Lives and Friday’s for Future, these organizations have covered many bases and involved themselves in activism to new degrees. This research project is designed to understand and apply the social movement framework to a specific organization. Therefore, the goal is to determine if The Youth Climate Strike organization is, in fact, a social movement. If The Youth Climate Strike is a social movement then what are ...


Building Lasting Relationships Among Refugees And The Grand Rapids Police Department, Rachael Bonin, Ezra Odioko Apr 2020

Building Lasting Relationships Among Refugees And The Grand Rapids Police Department, Rachael Bonin, Ezra Odioko

Student Scholars Day Posters

Recent survey results indicated that while the Kentwood and Wyoming Police were welcoming and culturally competent to refugees, Grand Rapids police faired much worse. In addition, studies have shown that the refugees who are coming to Grand Rapids have an existing fear of police from their home country which they have carried with them into the United States. This project brings together the Grand Rapids Police Department with individuals from the refugee population. It will incorporate efforts to build trust among the two groups by bringing the Grand Rapids Police Department into the surrounding refugee communities, along with trusted community ...


Perceptions Of Identity Transitions: Race And Gender Not Equally Alterable, Maria Sanchez-Rodriguez Apr 2020

Perceptions Of Identity Transitions: Race And Gender Not Equally Alterable, Maria Sanchez-Rodriguez

Student Scholars Day Posters

Growing acceptance of transgender identities in the absence of parallel shifts regarding race can be perceived as somewhat paradoxical, especially in light of how differently each construct is imagined to be rooted in biology. Perceptions of race and gender as alterable aspects of identity were explored using four identity transition scenarios. Participants’ beliefs about identity transitions were dependent upon both the type of transition and political ideology. Results indicate that identity transitions involving gender (both male to female and female to male) and one race transition (white to black) were perceived similarly whereas the black to white transition was perceived ...


Binding Morality Foundations, Moral Enhancement, And Religious Attributions Using A Bogus Feedback Paradigm, Lucretia Dunlap, Jayce Masters Apr 2020

Binding Morality Foundations, Moral Enhancement, And Religious Attributions Using A Bogus Feedback Paradigm, Lucretia Dunlap, Jayce Masters

Student Scholars Day Posters

The illusory belief that one is morally superior to others is widespread. There are individual differences in the need to see one’s self as moral. For example, religious individuals tend to self-enhance their perceived level of morality. In our study, participants completed measures of moral attitudes and behaviors and received either high or low (bogus) feedback on their moral performance. Those high in binding moral foundations (e.g., valuing obedience and group allegiance) who received high feedback were significantly more likely to attribute their motivation to religious sources. Binding moral foundations may be particularly linked to self-enhancement.


Closing The Gap Between Generations, Gabrielle Poeder Apr 2020

Closing The Gap Between Generations, Gabrielle Poeder

Student Scholars Day Posters

Older and younger generations are often living in separate spaces in our society. In this poster, I will discuss the factors that may cause such separation, the effects living alone can have on older adults, and the benefits that can result from creating relationships between the different generations through intergenerational volunteering programs. I will also address how we can bridge the gap between these generations and propose an intergenerational program that can help ease the aging process, benefit younger individuals, and create a more integrated society.


Bingo! Engaging History Of Science Students With Primary Sources, Leigh Rupinski Apr 2020

Bingo! Engaging History Of Science Students With Primary Sources, Leigh Rupinski

Scholarly Papers and Articles

This case study examines the process of creating an interactive and engaging lesson plan for the History of Science course, HSC 201: The Scientific Revolution. History of Science students tend to be undergraduates majoring in science or medical related fields, rather than the humanities, who need to fulfill an intensive writing or general education requirement. For most, if not all of them, this session would be the first time they experienced hands-on interaction with historical resources. Accordingly, the archivist sought to create a less traditional lesson plan that would foster a sense of fun and interest in the materials.


The Art Of Blogging In Public Relations: A Reflection, Megan Ireland Apr 2020

The Art Of Blogging In Public Relations: A Reflection, Megan Ireland

Honors Projects

In the field of public relations, effective writing is paramount. It is an important part of every step of the campaign process, from research to planning, communicating to evaluating. But writing for PR encompasses more than just research reports and news releases. With today’s increasing reliance on the Internet and social media for information, knowing how to quickly and effectively compose nontraditional written works - including social media posts and blogs - is a skill that all practitioners need. Therefore, I took up the task of researching blogging best practices in the public relations industry and putting them into practice through ...


Before-And-After Weight Loss Images' Effects On Body-Esteem, Audrey Boersen Apr 2020

Before-And-After Weight Loss Images' Effects On Body-Esteem, Audrey Boersen

Honors Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine how exposure to Before-and-After weight loss images affects body-esteem, and to explore if the race of the model moderates the relationship. Participants were 89 Caucasian females living in the United States. Participants viewed either a Before-and-After Caucasian or African American weight loss photo, or a control image. Measures of body-esteem and antifat attitudes were then collected. Unexpectedly we found that after being exposed to the images participants with a healthy BMI in the control and Caucasian model conditions reported higher body-esteem than overweight participants, however, there was no difference in the African ...


A Proposal For The Implementation Of Stormwater Art At Gvsu, Christa Fernando Apr 2020

A Proposal For The Implementation Of Stormwater Art At Gvsu, Christa Fernando

Honors Projects

Although there are increasing efforts to improve stormwater management on the campuses of Grand Valley State University as an inhabitant of the Great Lakes region, there remains limited visibility and efforts for public awareness and cooperation with ecological restoration initiatives generally. The goal of this project is to describe the opportunity to implement functional art that promotes public awareness of sustainable water management practices. Methods included research into the public art of GVSU and the necessary methodology for future project execution. Various local contacts are also provided as resources for advice, connections, and funding opportunities. In this report, plans and ...


The Applicability Of Occupational Therapy To Correctional Programming, Jordan Lanning Apr 2020

The Applicability Of Occupational Therapy To Correctional Programming, Jordan Lanning

Honors Projects

Correctional facilities are a controversial topic in the United States. Whether it is prison reform policy or overcrowding issues that are being debated in a political setting or at the dinner table, it is a hot topic of conversation. The discussion goes around and around to no avail, and seemingly no one is satisfied. A detailed look at current issues facing corrections, what has been done, and then, potentially what could be done may provide some clarity for a situation that is seemingly spinning out of control. Furthermore, occupational therapy and its application to correctional programming is explored as a ...


Genre As A Lens To Becoming Better Leaders, Elizabeth Baranski Apr 2020

Genre As A Lens To Becoming Better Leaders, Elizabeth Baranski

Honors Projects

When most people think of genre, they think of works that fall into categories such as fiction, nonfiction, etc. Genre typically is understood as the way in which a reader can recognize a specific text as falling into a category of similar texts, such as a plotline that focuses solely on the main character falling for a romantic interest being considered a romance novel. However, genre does not strictly have to pertain to physical text such as romance novels and does more work than simply categorizing a type of text. In simple terms, genre is a set of guidelines used ...


An Analysis Of Asexual Identity Clubs And Their Role On College Campuses, Ellen Yope Apr 2020

An Analysis Of Asexual Identity Clubs And Their Role On College Campuses, Ellen Yope

Honors Projects

Identifying the lack of college asexuality clubs and the positive influence they have on students. Advocating for the creation of asexuality clubs at colleges and universities and the benefits they provide for students, socially and academically.


Planned Obsolescence: The Supreme Court And Partisan Redistricting, Ethan Schafer Apr 2020

Planned Obsolescence: The Supreme Court And Partisan Redistricting, Ethan Schafer

Honors Projects

Partisan redistricting, more commonly known as gerrymandering, is the act of a political party in power using its majority to draw district maps in such a way that it stays in power or increases its power. The United States Census takes place every ten years as mandated by Article I, Section 2 of the Constitution, when the maps for state and national Congress are redrawn to better allocate representation among the people. Examples of this include the two cases that are discussed in Rucho v Common Cause, the redistricting case from 2019. In this case, both the Democrat-controlled government of ...


Participation In An Interprofessional Simulation Event: Impact On Student Learning, Holly Arguelles Apr 2020

Participation In An Interprofessional Simulation Event: Impact On Student Learning, Holly Arguelles

Honors Projects

Interprofessional education (IPE) is growing tremendously within numerous health care programs and continues to impact both healthcare professionals and patients. The significance of having IPE simulation events is to provide students with the ability to gain knowledge, awareness, and understanding of other disciplines. Focus groups following an IPE simulation event will allow for a better understanding of how these events potentially impact student learning, future learning outcomes, and knowledge of other professions. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of participation in an IPE simulation event on students' perceptions. To examine this impact, a student focus group ...


Front Matter Mar 2020

Front Matter

The Foundation Review

No abstract provided.


Participatory Grantmaking: A Test Of Rubric Scoring Versus Popular Voting Selection In A Blinded Grantmaking Process, Oktawia Wojcik, Lesleigh Ford, Keely Hanson, Claire Boyd, Shena Ashley Mar 2020

Participatory Grantmaking: A Test Of Rubric Scoring Versus Popular Voting Selection In A Blinded Grantmaking Process, Oktawia Wojcik, Lesleigh Ford, Keely Hanson, Claire Boyd, Shena Ashley

The Foundation Review

Because small, community-based organizations play a critical role in delivering services and expressing diverse community values, it is important to find ways to minimize disparities in their access to philanthropic resources. Participatory grantmaking is widely viewed as a practice with good potential to mitigate this tendency.

This article addresses the design of this approach to grantmaking and, specifically, whether changing the decision-making process in addition to changing the decisionmakers has an effect on how grants are allocated. It examines the design of two grant review processes — one based on popular voting, the other a more traditional rubric approach — and compares ...


Collaborating Within To Support Systems Change: The Need For — And Limits Of — Cross-Team Grantmaking, Chris M. Kabel, Anna Cruz, Annjanette Rosga, Theresa Esparrago Lieu, Natalie Blackmur Mar 2020

Collaborating Within To Support Systems Change: The Need For — And Limits Of — Cross-Team Grantmaking, Chris M. Kabel, Anna Cruz, Annjanette Rosga, Theresa Esparrago Lieu, Natalie Blackmur

The Foundation Review

To be responsive to the many facets of communities’ challenges and solutions, the Kresge Foundation works intentionally at the intersections of its seven grantmaking areas. One way it fulfills this intention is by awarding cross-team grants, which involve financial and intellectual contributions from multiple Kresge programs in order to enable cross-sector, multidisciplinary work among grantees.

As Kresge’s cross-team practice has grown and the field has increasingly expressed interest in cross-sector approaches to addressing long-standing challenges, Kresge partnered with the strategic learning firm Informing Change to explore how this approach to grantmaking and greater degree of internal collaboration is working ...


Executive Summaries Mar 2020

Executive Summaries

The Foundation Review

No abstract provided.


Human-Centered Design And Foundation Staff: A Case Study In Engaging Grant Beneficiaries, Nicholas G. Randell, Megan Macdavey Mar 2020

Human-Centered Design And Foundation Staff: A Case Study In Engaging Grant Beneficiaries, Nicholas G. Randell, Megan Macdavey

The Foundation Review

As part of ongoing efforts to engage grant partner voices in their work with young people who have intellectual disabilities, program staff at the Peter & Elizabeth Tower Foundation have explored the notion of being physically proximate to these young people as a way to more authentically listen to them and their families — those for whose benefit the foundation’s grant dollars are ultimately intended.

The staff’s most recent engagement strategy looked at a way of solving problems and designing solutions for people that puts those people at the focal point of the process: human-centered design. For the Tower Foundation ...


Back Matter Mar 2020

Back Matter

The Foundation Review

No abstract provided.