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Articles 1 - 30 of 373

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Empowerment, Resistance And The Birth Control Pill: A Feminist Analysis Of Contraception In The Developing World, Abigail S. Trombley Sep 2019

Empowerment, Resistance And The Birth Control Pill: A Feminist Analysis Of Contraception In The Developing World, Abigail S. Trombley

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

The vast majority of literature on the use of contraception focuses on its frequently documented connection to socioeconomic development. Thus, contraception has become a favored programmatic element of western organizations that deliver it to women in the developing world. I analyze discourse from transnational organizations that advocate for women’s use of birth control in the developing world, as well as deliver contraceptive services themselves, in order to uncover the dominance of liberal, capitalist assumptions therein. A primary consequence of this discourse is the reconstruction of colonial relations between the global north and global south. My alternative analysis, informed by ...


Token Representation?: Impact Of Female Reservations In Panchayati Raj Institutions In Elections To State And National Legislatures, Surbhi Bharadwaj Sep 2019

Token Representation?: Impact Of Female Reservations In Panchayati Raj Institutions In Elections To State And National Legislatures, Surbhi Bharadwaj

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

Reservations have long formed a fundamental tenet of affirmative action in India. Quotas for representation of various disadvantaged groups proliferate across public educational institutions and government jobs. However, elections to public office have largely escaped such quotas, except those that are caste-based. A shift in this status quo occurred in 1992 with the establishment of the Panchayati Raj system of grassroots governance. 34% of all seats under Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs) were to be reserved for women under the 73rd amendment. Another constitutional amendment passed in September 2009 increased PRI quotas for women to 50%. This paper seeks to examine ...


The Cost Of The Culturati: Studying The Neighborhood Stability Impact Of Cultural District Designations, Prakash Mishra Sep 2019

The Cost Of The Culturati: Studying The Neighborhood Stability Impact Of Cultural District Designations, Prakash Mishra

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

The decision to declare a district for a specific cause is a critical policy decision; making an area an official office park or designated cultural site means it will attract specific types of residents and businesses and require specific amenities. This paper reviews the impact of designating a cultural district as a place-based policy, specifically by developing a measure of neighborhood stability and applying a stress test of neighborhood stability in cultural districts during the Great Recession. The model underpining the neighborhood stability measure is an optimal stopping time model which frames neighborhood rents as a Brownian motion with drift ...


Till Death Do Us Part: Will Longstanding Rivalry Impede The Ethnic Coalition Of Isis And Al Qaeda?, Bianca L. Pergher Sep 2019

Till Death Do Us Part: Will Longstanding Rivalry Impede The Ethnic Coalition Of Isis And Al Qaeda?, Bianca L. Pergher

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

According to Dr. Tricia Bacon’s and Dr. Elizabeth Grimm Arsenault’s, “Al Qaeda and the Islamic State's Break: Strategic Strife or Lackluster Leadership?,”the “strategic differences between Al Qaeda and ISIS were not sufficient to cause the split,” the strife that ensued between al Nusra and ISIS caused this complex alliance to rupture. Osama bin Laden’s effective leadership aligned a terrorist network that amassed rebel groups for the global jihadist cause. Unlike bin Laden’s elitist view to destabilize the West, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi believed the principal enemies of the jihadist movement were Shiites for their false ...


Faith In Democracy: Korean Churches As Engines Of Pro-Democracy Protest, Will Matheson Sep 2019

Faith In Democracy: Korean Churches As Engines Of Pro-Democracy Protest, Will Matheson

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

This paper delves into the known aspects and political actions of Korean Christian churches to explore both their underlying causes and their broader social effects. Much of the scholarship on this period has pointed to the various actors who took part in the pro-democracy movement. However, it is equally important to explore the ties between these organizations, facilitated by the church as a social institution. While much scholarship has pointed out official joint-declarations and coalitions, this paper seeks to explore how aspects of the church itself created interpersonal networks among protesters and shaped their political action, not just as Christians ...


Ecotourism And The Middle East: Lessons In Development, Andrew Ver Steeg Sep 2019

Ecotourism And The Middle East: Lessons In Development, Andrew Ver Steeg

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

In this paper I hope to introduce the reader to the aims of the ecotourism industry, its different actors, and some of its pitfalls and potential. I then turn discussion to the unique successes and challenges of developing the ecotourism sector in two nations that have already done much to lead the field in the Middle East, Jordan and Oman. I conclude with larger lessons and recommendations that have relevance for the Middle East as a whole while arguing that, though it may face some challenges, ecotourism has the potential to sustainably and sensitively aid the development of Middle Eastern ...


Playing The Race Card: Did Racism Cause Anti-Immigrant Sentiment In Brexit?, Lucy Hu Sep 2019

Playing The Race Card: Did Racism Cause Anti-Immigrant Sentiment In Brexit?, Lucy Hu

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

Following the 2016 referendum on continued UK membership of the European Union, many attempts were made to explain its result. There has been consensus that the issue of immigration played a primary role in the Leave campaign and Brexiteers’ minds. The reasons for this anti-immigrant sentiment have been explored, with economic and cultural concerns at the fore of the literature. Critically, currently missing from the debate is whether racism played a substantial role in causing anti-immigrant sentiment in the context of Brexit. This article uses new public opinion data from 2018 to investigate the extent to which racism motivated the ...


The ‘Security Pacific Letter’: Estimating The Causal Effect Of Securitization On Banks’ Systemic Exposure, Paul-Angelo Dell'isola Sep 2019

The ‘Security Pacific Letter’: Estimating The Causal Effect Of Securitization On Banks’ Systemic Exposure, Paul-Angelo Dell'isola

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

This paper aims to test the hypothesis of the ‘Safe Asset narrative’

which states that banks became manufacturers of pseudo safe assets to meet

a global shortage of safe assets in the pre-crisis period. In this narrative,

securitization is the mechanism which enables banks to become underwriters

of safe assets. This paper takes this hypothesis to the data and attempts to

estimate the causal effect of securitization on banks’ systemic exposure. In

particular, this paper exploits a regulatory change that occurred in 1987 when

the OCC expanded the scope of assets US national banks could securitize. By

using state-chartered banks ...


Volume I | Issue Ii | 2019.Pdf, Dujpew Editorial Board Sep 2019

Volume I | Issue Ii | 2019.Pdf, Dujpew Editorial Board

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

No abstract provided.


Masthead 2019, Dujpew Editorial Board Sep 2019

Masthead 2019, Dujpew Editorial Board

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

No abstract provided.


Letter From The Editor 2019, Dujpew Editorial Board Sep 2019

Letter From The Editor 2019, Dujpew Editorial Board

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Politics, Economics and World Affairs

No abstract provided.


We Used To Be Brothers: Partition 1947, Ukasha Farooq Aug 2019

We Used To Be Brothers: Partition 1947, Ukasha Farooq

CLAMANTIS: The MALS Journal

No abstract provided.


Momentum Of The Future, Daniel Affsprung Aug 2019

Momentum Of The Future, Daniel Affsprung

CLAMANTIS: The MALS Journal

No abstract provided.


An Ode To Cuerici, Alexander Cotnoir Jun 2019

An Ode To Cuerici, Alexander Cotnoir

Alterity: The Dartmouth Journal of Intercultural Exchange

No abstract provided.


Sharing My Experience With My Family, Noah V. Piou Jun 2019

Sharing My Experience With My Family, Noah V. Piou

Alterity: The Dartmouth Journal of Intercultural Exchange

Little did I know how my biggest takeaway or insight from Lyon would be the essential role of family.


Querida Universitat De Barcelona, Zoe E. Boocock Jun 2019

Querida Universitat De Barcelona, Zoe E. Boocock

Alterity: The Dartmouth Journal of Intercultural Exchange

No abstract provided.


Middle-Aged Death And Taxes In The Usa: Association Of State Tax Burden And Expenditures In 2005 With Survival From 2006 To 2015., Todd A. Mackenzie, Jason Houle, Steven Jiang, Tracy Onega Apr 2019

Middle-Aged Death And Taxes In The Usa: Association Of State Tax Burden And Expenditures In 2005 With Survival From 2006 To 2015., Todd A. Mackenzie, Jason Houle, Steven Jiang, Tracy Onega

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

Background

Longevity in the United States ranks below most other Western nations despite spending more on healthcare per capita than any other country. Across the world, mortality has been declining, but in the USA the trend toward improvement has stalled in some middle-aged demographic groups. Cross-national studies suggest that social welfare is positively associated with longevity. The United States has less government sponsored welfare, education and healthcare than almost all other Western nations, but the level of this social welfare commitment varies across the states. In this study we examined the association of state tax burden and state government expenditures ...


Towards An Aesthetics Of Auschwitz, Greg Montine Dec 2018

Towards An Aesthetics Of Auschwitz, Greg Montine

CLAMANTIS: The MALS Journal

n/a


That Paint On Your Wall, Kianna Burke Dec 2018

That Paint On Your Wall, Kianna Burke

CLAMANTIS: The MALS Journal

n/a


(De)Humanization And Onticide: Lexicography For Ontology, Sommer Mahoney Dec 2018

(De)Humanization And Onticide: Lexicography For Ontology, Sommer Mahoney

CLAMANTIS: The MALS Journal

n/a


The Infected Body: The Unexpected Catalyst In The Hiv/Aids Epidemic, Alexis Liston Dec 2018

The Infected Body: The Unexpected Catalyst In The Hiv/Aids Epidemic, Alexis Liston

CLAMANTIS: The MALS Journal

n/a


Research Practices And Needs Of Indigenous Studies Scholars At Dartmouth College: A Report Coordinated By Ithaka S+R, Ridie Ghezzi, J. Wendel Cox, Julia W. Logan, Amy L. Witzel Dec 2018

Research Practices And Needs Of Indigenous Studies Scholars At Dartmouth College: A Report Coordinated By Ithaka S+R, Ridie Ghezzi, J. Wendel Cox, Julia W. Logan, Amy L. Witzel

Dartmouth Library Staff Publications and Presentations

No abstract provided.


Metaanalysis Of The Relationship Between Violent Video Game Play And Physical Aggression Over Time, Anna T. Prescott, James Sargent, Jay G. Hull Oct 2018

Metaanalysis Of The Relationship Between Violent Video Game Play And Physical Aggression Over Time, Anna T. Prescott, James Sargent, Jay G. Hull

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

To clarify and quantify the influence of video game violence (VGV) on aggressive behavior, we conducted a metaanalysis of all prospective studies to date that assessed the relation between exposure to VGV and subsequent overt physical aggression. The search strategy identified 24 studies with over 17,000 participants and time lags ranging from 3 months to 4 years. The samples comprised various nationalities and ethnicities with mean ages from 9 to 19 years. For each study we obtained the standardized regression coefficient for the prospective effect of VGV on subsequent aggression, controlling for baseline aggression. VGV was related to aggression ...


Orecchio: Extending Body-Language Through Actuated Static And Dynamic Auricular Postures, Da-Yuan Huang, Teddy Seyed, Jun Gong, Zhihao Yao, Yuchen Jiao, Xiang Anthony Chen, Xing-Dong Yang Oct 2018

Orecchio: Extending Body-Language Through Actuated Static And Dynamic Auricular Postures, Da-Yuan Huang, Teddy Seyed, Jun Gong, Zhihao Yao, Yuchen Jiao, Xiang Anthony Chen, Xing-Dong Yang

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

In this paper, we propose using the auricle – the visible part of the ear – as a means of expressive output to extend body language to convey emotional states. With an initial exploratory study, we provide an initial set of dynamic and static auricular postures. Using these results, we examined the relationship between emotions and auricular postures, noting that dynamic postures involving stretching the top helix in fast (e.g., 2Hz) and slow speeds (1Hz) conveyed intense and mild pleasantness while static postures involving bending the side or top helix towards the center of the ear were associated with intense and ...


Small-Scale Forestry And Carbon Offset Markets: An Empirical Study Of Vermont Current Use Forest Landowner Willingness To Accept Carbon Credit Programs, Alisa E. White, David A. Lutz, Richard B. Howarth, José R. Soto Aug 2018

Small-Scale Forestry And Carbon Offset Markets: An Empirical Study Of Vermont Current Use Forest Landowner Willingness To Accept Carbon Credit Programs, Alisa E. White, David A. Lutz, Richard B. Howarth, José R. Soto

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

This study investigates the preferences of small forest landowners regarding forest carbon credit programs while documenting characteristics of potentially successful frameworks. We designed hypothetical carbon credit programs with aggregated carbon offset projects and requirements of existing voluntary and compliance protocols in mind. We administered a mail survey to 992 forest landowners in Vermont’s Current Use Program utilizing best-worst choice, a novel preference elicitation technique, to elicit their preferences about these programs. We found that small forest landowners see revenue as the most important factor in a carbon credit program and the duration of the program as the least important ...


Spatial Heterogeneity In The Abundance And Fecundity Of Arctic Mosquitoes, Lauren E. Culler, Matthew P. Ayres, Ross A. Virginia Aug 2018

Spatial Heterogeneity In The Abundance And Fecundity Of Arctic Mosquitoes, Lauren E. Culler, Matthew P. Ayres, Ross A. Virginia

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The abundance of mosquitoes is strongly influenced by biotic and abiotic factors that act on the immature (aquatic) and adult (terrestrial) life stages. Rapid changes in land use and climate, which impact aquatic and terrestrial mosquito habitat, necessitate studying the ecological mechanisms, and their interplay with the changing environment, that affect mosquito abundance. These data are crucial for anticipating how environmental change will impact their roles as pests, disease vectors, and in food webs. We studied a population of Arctic mosquitoes (Aedes nigripes, Diptera: Culicidae) in western Greenland, a region experiencing rapid environmental change, to quantify spatial variation in adult ...


A Nearly Complete Foot From Dikika, Ethiopia And Its Implications For The Ontogeny And Function Of Australopithecus Afarensis, Jeremy M. Desilva, Corey M. Gill, Thomas C. Prang, Miriam A. Bredella, Zeresenay Alemseged Jul 2018

A Nearly Complete Foot From Dikika, Ethiopia And Its Implications For The Ontogeny And Function Of Australopithecus Afarensis, Jeremy M. Desilva, Corey M. Gill, Thomas C. Prang, Miriam A. Bredella, Zeresenay Alemseged

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The functional and evolutionary implications of primitive retentions in early hominin feet have been under debate since the discovery of Australopithecus afarensis. Ontogeny can provide insight into adult phenotypes, but juvenile early hominin foot fossils are exceptionally rare. We analyze a nearly complete, 3.32-million-year-old juvenile foot of A. afarensis (DIK-1-1f). We show that juvenile A. afarensis individuals already had many of the bipedal features found in adult specimens. However, they also had medial cuneiform traits associated with increased hallucal mobility and a more gracile calcaneal tuber, which is unexpected on the basis of known adult morphologies. Selection for traits ...


A Nearly Complete Foot From Dikika, Ethiopia And Its Implications For The Ontogeny And Function Of Australopithecus Afarensis, Jeremy Desilva, Corey M. Gill, Thomas C. Prang, Miriam A. Bredella, Zeresenay Alemseged Jul 2018

A Nearly Complete Foot From Dikika, Ethiopia And Its Implications For The Ontogeny And Function Of Australopithecus Afarensis, Jeremy Desilva, Corey M. Gill, Thomas C. Prang, Miriam A. Bredella, Zeresenay Alemseged

Open Dartmouth: Faculty Open Access Scholarship

The functional and evolutionary implications of primitive retentions in early hominin feet have been under debate since the discovery of Australopithecus afarensis. Ontogeny can provide insight into adult phenotypes, but juvenile early hominin foot fossils are exceptionally rare. We analyze a nearly complete, 3.32-million-year-old juvenile foot of A. afarensis (DIK-1-1f). We show that juvenile A. afarensis individuals already had many of the bipedal features found in adult specimens. However, they also had medial cuneiform traits associated with increased hallucal mobility and a more gracile calcaneal tuber, which is unexpected on the basis of known adult morphologies. Selection for traits ...


Feeding The World With Die Rolls: Potential Applications Of Quantum Computing Jun 2018

Feeding The World With Die Rolls: Potential Applications Of Quantum Computing

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science

No abstract provided.


The Mouhefanggai And Cavalieri's Principle Jun 2018

The Mouhefanggai And Cavalieri's Principle

Dartmouth Undergraduate Journal of Science

No abstract provided.