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Articles 1 - 13 of 13

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

China-U.S. Trade Issues, Wayne M. Morrison Aug 2011

China-U.S. Trade Issues, Wayne M. Morrison

Federal Publications

[Excerpt] Opinions differ as to the most effective way of dealing with China on major economic issues. Some support a policy of engagement with China using various forums, such as the U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue (S&ED). Others support a somewhat mixed policy of using engagement when possible, coupled with a more aggressive use of WTO dispute settlement procedures to address China’s unfair trade policies. Still others, who see China as a growing threat to the U.S. economy and the global trading system, advocate a policy of trying to contain China’s economic power and ...


An Overview And Examination Of The Indian Services Sector, Lisa Alejandro, Eric Forden, Allison Gosney, Erland Herfindahl, Dennis Luther, Erick Oh, Joann Peterson, Matthew Reisman, Isaac Wohl Aug 2010

An Overview And Examination Of The Indian Services Sector, Lisa Alejandro, Eric Forden, Allison Gosney, Erland Herfindahl, Dennis Luther, Erick Oh, Joann Peterson, Matthew Reisman, Isaac Wohl

Federal Publications

India’s service sector has grown rapidly since the 1990s. Domestic demand for services has increased as incomes have risen, triggering the expansion of industries such as banking, education, and telecommunications. Exports have also increased rapidly, led by information technology and business process outsourcing (IT-BPO). India’s ability to offer low-cost, high-quality IT-BPO services has made it a world leader in this industry. However, employment in services has not grown as quickly as output. The majority of India’s jobseekers are low-skilled, but demand for workers is growing fastest in higher-skill industries. The supply of highly-skilled workers has not kept ...


Federal Employees: Pay And Pension Increases Since 1969, Patrick Purcell Jan 2010

Federal Employees: Pay And Pension Increases Since 1969, Patrick Purcell

Federal Publications

[Excerpt] Pay increases for current federal employees and cost-of-living adjustments (COLAs) for retired federal employees often differ because they are based on changes in different economic variables. Increases in pay for civilian federal workers are indexed to wage and salary increases in the private sector, as measured by the Employment Cost Index (ECI), whereas federal retirement and disability benefits are indexed to price increases as measured by the Consumer Price Index (CPI). Both the ECI and the CPI are calculated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the U.S. Department of Labor.

Under the terms of the Federal Employees ...


Causes Of The Financial Crisis, Mark Jickling Jan 2009

Causes Of The Financial Crisis, Mark Jickling

Federal Publications

[Excerpt] The current financial crisis began in August 2007, when financial stability replaced inflation as the Federal Reserve’s chief concern. The roots of the crisis go back much further, and there are various views on the fundamental causes.

It is generally accepted that credit standards in U.S. mortgage lending were relaxed in the early 2000s, and that rising rates of delinquency and foreclosures delivered a sharp shock to a range of U.S. financial institutions. Beyond that point of agreement, however, there are many questions that will be debated by policymakers and academics for decades.

Why did the ...


China’S Economic Conditions, Wayne M. Morrison Mar 2008

China’S Economic Conditions, Wayne M. Morrison

Federal Publications

[Excerpt] Since the initiation of economic reforms in 1979, China has become one of the world’s fastest-growing economies. From 1979 to 2007 China’s real gross domestic product (GDP) grew at an average annual rate of 9.8%. Real GDP grew 11.4% in 2007 (the fastest annual growth since 1994). While China is expected to continue to enjoy rapid economic growth in the years ahead and could become the world’s largest economy within a decade or so, it faces a number of challenges, including widespread corruption, an inefficient banking system, over-dependence on exports and fixed investment for ...


Steel: Price And Policy Issues, Stephen Cooney Oct 2007

Steel: Price And Policy Issues, Stephen Cooney

Federal Publications

[Excerpt] The rapid growth of steel production and demand in China is widely considered as a major cause of continued high steel prices and prices of teelmaking inputs. Steel companies have achieved much greater pricing power, in part through an ongoing consolidation of the industry. High prices persist, despite the revocation in 2003 of President Bush’s broad safeguard order on imports. U.S. steel production in 2006 was 108 million tons. The integrated side of the industry continues to lose share domestically to the minimills. Imports rebounded in 2006 to reach the highest tonnage level ever, though they declined ...


Competitive Conditions For Foreign Direct Investment In India, Laura Bloodgood Jul 2007

Competitive Conditions For Foreign Direct Investment In India, Laura Bloodgood

Federal Publications

Net foreign direct investment (FDI) flows into India reached $15.7 billion in India’s 2006-­07 fiscal year, more than triple the $4.7 billion recorded during 2005-­06, with the largest share of FDI flows from Mauritius, followed by the United States and the United Kingdom. This study examines FDI in India, in the context of the Indian economic and regulatory environment. We present FDI trends in India, by country and by industry, using official government data from India, the United States, and international organizations. To supplement the official data, the study also discusses specific investment activities of ...


Union Membership Statistics In 24 Countries, Jelle Visser Jan 2006

Union Membership Statistics In 24 Countries, Jelle Visser

Federal Publications

[From p. 38] An analysis of "adjusted" union membership data in 24 countries yields past and present union density rates; the data provide explanatory factors for the differences and trends in unionization.


Unemployment Through Layoffs: What Are The Underlying Reasons?, Linda Levine Apr 2005

Unemployment Through Layoffs: What Are The Underlying Reasons?, Linda Levine

Federal Publications

No abstract provided.


Inflation And Unemployment: What Is The Connection?, Brian W. Cashell Apr 2004

Inflation And Unemployment: What Is The Connection?, Brian W. Cashell

Federal Publications

No abstract provided.


Foreign Labor Trends: Switzerland, U.S. Department Of Labor Jan 2003

Foreign Labor Trends: Switzerland, U.S. Department Of Labor

Federal Publications

No abstract provided.


Barriers To Workplace Advancement Experienced By Native Americans, Keith James, Willie Wolf, Chris Lovato, Steve Byers Jan 1994

Barriers To Workplace Advancement Experienced By Native Americans, Keith James, Willie Wolf, Chris Lovato, Steve Byers

Federal Publications

No abstract provided.


Barriers To Work Place Advancement Experienced By Women In Low-Paying Occupations, Sharon L. Harlan, Catherine White Berheide Jan 1994

Barriers To Work Place Advancement Experienced By Women In Low-Paying Occupations, Sharon L. Harlan, Catherine White Berheide

Federal Publications

No abstract provided.