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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Tips On Working From Home When You Are On The Autism Spectrum, Dxc Technology Apr 2020

Tips On Working From Home When You Are On The Autism Spectrum, Dxc Technology

DXC Dandelion Program

In the COVID19 world, we have additional need and expectation to be able to work remotely. For many on the Autism Spectrum (AS) who have been adjusting to work environments this change can be a big disruption. Below are some tips for those of you on the spectrum working from home, to assist you in remaining calmer and being more productive. These tips may also prove helpful for those support AS people.


Why The Economics Profession Must Actively Participate In The Privacy Protection Debate, John M. Abowd, Ian M. Schmutte, William Sexton, Lars Vilhuber May 2019

Why The Economics Profession Must Actively Participate In The Privacy Protection Debate, John M. Abowd, Ian M. Schmutte, William Sexton, Lars Vilhuber

Labor Dynamics Institute

When Google or the U.S. Census Bureau publish detailed statistics on browsing habits or neighborhood characteristics, some privacy is lost for everybody while supplying public information. To date, economists have not focused on the privacy loss inherent in data publication. In their stead, these issues have been advanced almost exclusively by computer scientists who are primarily interested in technical problems associated with protecting privacy. Economists should join the discussion, first, to determine where to balance privacy protection against data quality; a social choice problem. Furthermore, economists must ensure new privacy models preserve the validity of public data for economic ...


Metajelo: A Metadata Package For Journals To Support External Linked Objects, Carl Lagoze, Lars Vilhuber Apr 2019

Metajelo: A Metadata Package For Journals To Support External Linked Objects, Carl Lagoze, Lars Vilhuber

Labor Dynamics Institute

We propose a metadata package that is intended to provide academic journals with a lightweight means of registering, at the time of publication, the existence and disposition of supplementary materials. Information about the supplementary materials is, in most cases, critical for the reproducibility and replicability of scholarly results. In many instances, these materials are curated by a third party, which may or may not follow developing standards for the identification and description of those materials. As such, the vocabulary described here complements existing initiatives that specify vocabularies to describe the supplementary materials or the repositories and archives in which they ...


On-Demand Employment, Worker Misclassification, And Labor Standards, Fred B. Kotler Jan 2019

On-Demand Employment, Worker Misclassification, And Labor Standards, Fred B. Kotler

Policy & Issue Briefs

[Excerpt] On-demand platform work, like other forms of contingent and temporary employment, destabilizes industries, undermines worker protections and living standards, and significantly contributes to wealth and income inequality.


Stopping Sexual Harassment In The Empire State: Past, Present, And A Possible Future, Sanjay Pinto, K. C. Wagner, Zoë West Jan 2019

Stopping Sexual Harassment In The Empire State: Past, Present, And A Possible Future, Sanjay Pinto, K. C. Wagner, Zoë West

Research Studies and Reports

This report maps current patterns of workplace sexual harassment and their impact in New York State. It also provides a broader frame for understanding how efforts to confront sexual and gender-based harassment and assault have evolved over time, and charts possible directions for future organizing, policy, and research in New York and beyond.

The findings presented here are drawn from the 2018 Empire State Poll, an annual statewide survey of 800 New Yorkers conducted by the Cornell Survey Research Institute. Questions added to the survey reflecting existing legal definitions of workplace sexual harassment reveal the following:

  • 10.9 percent of ...


Social Movements And Hr: The Impact Of #Metoo, David Boyle, Amanda Cucchiara Dec 2018

Social Movements And Hr: The Impact Of #Metoo, David Boyle, Amanda Cucchiara

CAHRS White Papers

[Excerpt] Considering the increased societal attention given to sexual harassment and assault, and the wide range of reactions to #MeToo, we wanted to know how companies are reacting, whether they are changing their policies and practices, and whether the societal movement is impacting company culture. The highlights of our study show opportunities in culture, leadership, policy and reporting formulation, and training practices. During our study, we also found innovative practices that could be replicated across companies. Lastly, we have included a self-assessment tool to measure progress in addressing sexual harassment and assault within an organization


Exploitation And The Decision To Migrate: The Role Of Abuse And Unfavorable Working Conditions In Filipina Domestic Workers’ Desire To Return Abroad, George Naufal, Froilan Malit Jr. Aug 2018

Exploitation And The Decision To Migrate: The Role Of Abuse And Unfavorable Working Conditions In Filipina Domestic Workers’ Desire To Return Abroad, George Naufal, Froilan Malit Jr.

Working Papers

The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries host at least 2.4 million foreign domestic workers, who are legally excluded from national labor laws and regulations, thus placing them in precarious social, legal, and economic conditions in the GCC labor markets. Despite the recent growth of academic scholarship on domestic work in the GCC and beyond, little attention has been paid to absconding foreign domestic workers and the complex role abuse plays in determining their future decision to migrate. This paper examines the likelihood that Filipina domestic workers will migrate after absconding from their previous employer. Applying a unique dataset of ...


An Economic Analysis Of Privacy Protection And Statistical Accuracy As Social Choices, John M. Abowd, Ian M. Schmutte Aug 2018

An Economic Analysis Of Privacy Protection And Statistical Accuracy As Social Choices, John M. Abowd, Ian M. Schmutte

Labor Dynamics Institute

Statistical agencies face a dual mandate to publish accurate statistics while protecting respondent privacy. Increasing privacy protection requires decreased accuracy. Recognizing this as a resource allocation problem, we propose an economic solution: operate where the marginal cost of increasing privacy equals the marginal benefit. Our model of production, from computer science, assumes data are published using an efficient differentially private algorithm. Optimal choice weighs the demand for accurate statistics against the demand for privacy. Examples from U.S. statistical programs show how our framework can guide decision-making. Further progress requires a better understanding of willingness-to-pay for privacy and statistical accuracy.


The U.S. Census Bureau Adopts Differential Privacy, John M. Abowd Aug 2018

The U.S. Census Bureau Adopts Differential Privacy, John M. Abowd

Labor Dynamics Institute

The U.S. Census Bureau announced, via its Scientific Advisory Committee, that it would protect the publications of the 2018 End-to-End Census Test (E2E) using differential privacy. The E2E test is a dress rehearsal for the 2020 Census, the constitutionally mandated enumeration of the population used to reapportion the House of Representatives and redraw every legislative district in the country. Systems that perform successfully in the E2E test are then used in the production of the 2020 Census.
Motivation: The Census Bureau conducted internal research that confirmed that the statistical disclosure limitation systems used for the 2000 and 2010 Censuses ...


Archives And Airtable: Using Cloud-Based Tools For Archival Survey And Workflow Management, Katherine Dirk, Jessica Maddox May 2018

Archives And Airtable: Using Cloud-Based Tools For Archival Survey And Workflow Management, Katherine Dirk, Jessica Maddox

Practical Technology for Archives

[Excerpt] The Special Collections and University Archives Department (SCUA) at the University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) began operation in 1961 as a repository for the many unique resources already held by the University. This included University history and northern Nevada historical materials not collected by the Nevada Historical Society. Some of the department’s earliest collections cover Comstock mining and milling companies as well as Nevada politicians, local associations, and modern authors’ research files. Department holdings over the years have grown to include more than 2,000 cataloged and fully accessible manuscript and archival collections, as well as 131,000 ...


What Are We Doing With The Website: Transition, Templates, And User Experience In One Special Collections Library, Rachael Dreyer May 2018

What Are We Doing With The Website: Transition, Templates, And User Experience In One Special Collections Library, Rachael Dreyer

Practical Technology for Archives

[Excerpt] At the Eberly Family Special Collections Library (SCL), we have found that our website is often the first place a researcher will look to learn about our repository. Our online web presence is a business card, our chance to make a positive first impression. While our library, among others, has devoted time and resources to the development of new access tools and discovery layers, we have learned that our online presence also needs updates, revisions, and improvements. New tools and access points are valuable, but we can also improve existing tools even as we look forward to new developments ...


Sports, Inc., Volume 10, Issue 2, Ilr Sports Business Society Apr 2018

Sports, Inc., Volume 10, Issue 2, Ilr Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


Understanding Database Reconstruction Attacks On Public Data, Simson L. Garfinkel, John M. Abowd, Christian Martindale Jan 2018

Understanding Database Reconstruction Attacks On Public Data, Simson L. Garfinkel, John M. Abowd, Christian Martindale

Labor Dynamics Institute

In 2020 the U.S. Census Bureau will conduct the Constitutionally mandated decennial Census of Population and Housing. Because a census involves collecting large amounts of private data under the promise of confidentiality, traditionally statistics are published only at high levels of aggregation. Published statistical tables are vulnerable to DRAs (database reconstruction attacks), in which the underlying microdata is recovered merely by finding a set of microdata that is consistent with the published statistical tabulations. A DRA can be performed by using the tables to create a set of mathematical constraints and then solving the resulting set of simultaneous equations ...


Learning, Training, And Development In Organizations: Emerging Trends, Recent Advances, And Future Directions, Bradford S. Bell, Ozias A. Moore Jan 2018

Learning, Training, And Development In Organizations: Emerging Trends, Recent Advances, And Future Directions, Bradford S. Bell, Ozias A. Moore

Articles and Chapters

Dramatic changes have occurred in learning, training, and development in organizations in recent years. This chapter examines the implications of these changes for research in four areas: (1) training design and delivery, (2) team training and development, (3) training transfer, and (4) training evaluation. We suggest that research in these areas not only has been most heavily impacted by recent trends in training and development but also can help guide the field as it responds to emerging opportunities and challenges. We review recent research that advances our understanding of how to design and deliver training to meet the needs of ...


Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. Mckinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd Dec 2017

Total Error And Variability Measures With Integrated Disclosure Limitation For Quarterly Workforce Indicators And Lehd Origin Destination Employment Statistics In Onthe Map, Kevin L. Mckinney, Andrew Green, Lars Vilhuber, John Abowd

Labor Dynamics Institute

We report results from the first comprehensive total quality evaluation of five major indicators in the U.S. Census Bureau's Longitudinal Employer-Household Dynamics (LEHD) Program Quarterly Workforce Indicators (QWI): total employment, beginning-of-quarter employment, full-quarter employment, total payroll, and average monthly earnings of full-quarter employees. Beginning-of-quarter employment is also the main tabulation variable in the LEHD Origin-Destination Employment Statistics (LODES) workplace reports as displayed in OnTheMap (OTM). The evaluation is conducted by generating multiple threads of the edit and imputation models used in the LEHD Infrastructure File System. These threads conform to the Rubin (1987) multiple imputation model, with each ...


A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper Nov 2017

A Changing World Of Workplace Conflict Resolution And Employee Voice: An Australian Perspective, Bernadine Van Gramberg, Julian Teicher, Greg J. Bamber, Brian Cooper

Conflict and its Resolution in the Changing World of Work: A Conference and Special Issue Honoring David B. Lipsky

The authors contribute to dispute resolution theory and provide new insights on such important issues as employee voice, workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit. They conducted and analyzed a survey of managers in Australian workplaces. They apply Budd and Colvin’s (2008) path-finding dispute resolution framework to examine two research questions: first, is there a relationship between the resolution of disputes and employee voice as measured by employee perceptions of influence over decision-making? Second, is there a relationship between the resolution of workplace disputes and employees’ intentions to quit? These are important questions in view of the high costs ...


Industrial Novels In Perspective Of Industrial Sociology: A Comparison Between Weimar Germany And Post-Wwii Italy, Erik De Gier Oct 2017

Industrial Novels In Perspective Of Industrial Sociology: A Comparison Between Weimar Germany And Post-Wwii Italy, Erik De Gier

Visiting Fellow Working Papers

[Excerpt] Since the English Industrial Revolution in the eighteenth century, almost up to the present century, the so-called industrial novel played a significant role in many industrializing and industrialized countries in making aware workers, politicians and policy makers, as well as the general public, of the lack of quality of working conditions in separate enterprises and/or sectors. Also, these novels contributed in a positive way to the emancipation of workers in society. Well-known examples are the famous industrial novels of the English Victorian writers Charles Dickens and Elizabeth Gaskell. But also in other countries the genre of the industrial ...


Sports, Inc., Volume 10, Issue 1, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society Oct 2017

Sports, Inc., Volume 10, Issue 1, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


Making Confidential Data Part Of Reproducible Research, Lars Vilhuber, Carl Lagoze Aug 2017

Making Confidential Data Part Of Reproducible Research, Lars Vilhuber, Carl Lagoze

Labor Dynamics Institute

No abstract provided.


Sorting Between And Within Industries: A Testable Model Of Assortative Matching, John M. Abowd, Francis Kramarz, Sebastien Perez-Duarte, Ian M. Schmutte Aug 2017

Sorting Between And Within Industries: A Testable Model Of Assortative Matching, John M. Abowd, Francis Kramarz, Sebastien Perez-Duarte, Ian M. Schmutte

Labor Dynamics Institute

We test Shimer's (2005) theory of the sorting of workers between and within industrial sectors based on directed search with coordination frictions, deliberately maintaining its static general equilibrium framework. We fit the model to sector-specific wage, vacancy and output data, including publicly-available statistics that characterize the distribution of worker and employer wage heterogeneity across sectors. Our empirical method is general and can be applied to a broad class of assignment models. The results indicate that industries are the loci of sorting--more productive workers are employed in more productive industries. The evidence confirms that strong assortative matching can be present ...


Streamlining Archives Reference Through Online Task Management, Jamie Marie Burton, Daniel Weddington Jul 2017

Streamlining Archives Reference Through Online Task Management, Jamie Marie Burton, Daniel Weddington

Practical Technology for Archives

[Excerpt] UK Libraries’ Special Collections Research Center (SCRC) serves as the largest repository of archival and manuscript collections, personal and family papers, oral histories, primary sources, and rare printed materials in Kentucky, centrally located within the Commonwealth’s flagship public university.

The SCRC preserves and sustains collective memory, serving as an indispensable connection between past, present, and future, by collecting and documenting the social, cultural, economic, and political history of the Commonwealth of Kentucky. Our materials are used across the globe by scholars who contribute to original research and creative undertakings in all aspects of cultural life and work.


Data-Driven Reporting And Processing Of Digital Archives With Brunnhilde, Tim Walsh Jul 2017

Data-Driven Reporting And Processing Of Digital Archives With Brunnhilde, Tim Walsh

Practical Technology for Archives

[Excerpt] Archivists are now several decades in to appraising, arranging, describing, preserving, and providing access to digital archives and have developed and adopted a number of tools to aid in specific tasks along the way. This article discusses Brunnhilde, a new tool developed to address one of the first steps in working with born-digital materials: characterizing the overall contents of directories or disks to enable smart evidence-based decision-making in the appraisal, arrangement, and description processes.


Shopping For Change: Consumer Activism And The Possibilities Of Purchasing Power, Louis Hyman, Joseph Tohill Jun 2017

Shopping For Change: Consumer Activism And The Possibilities Of Purchasing Power, Louis Hyman, Joseph Tohill

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Consuming with a conscience is one of the fastest growing forms of political participation worldwide. Every day we make decisions about how to spend our money and, for the socially conscious, these decisions matter. Political consumers "buy green" for the environment or they "buy pink" to combat breast cancer. They boycott Taco Bell to support migrant workers or Burger King to save the rainforest.

But can we overcome the limitations of consumer identity, the conservative pull of consumer choice, co-optation by corporate marketers, and other pitfalls of consumer activism in order to marshal the possibilities of consumer power? Can ...


Unions And The City: Negotiating Urban Change, Ian Thomas Mcdonald Jun 2017

Unions And The City: Negotiating Urban Change, Ian Thomas Mcdonald

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Labor unions remain the largest membership-based organizations in major North American cities, even after years of decline. Labor continues to play a vital role in mobilizing urban residents, shaping urban conflict, and crafting the policies and regulations that are transforming our urban spaces. As unions become more involved in the daily life of the city, they find themselves confronting the familiar dilemma of how to fold union priorities into broader campaigns that address nonunion workers and the lives of union members beyond the workplace. If we are right to believe that the future of the labor movement is an ...


Reversing Inequality, Combatting Climate Change: A Climate Jobs Program For New York State, J. Mijin Cha, Lara Skinner Jun 2017

Reversing Inequality, Combatting Climate Change: A Climate Jobs Program For New York State, J. Mijin Cha, Lara Skinner

Research Studies and Reports

[Excerpt] Economic inequality in New York is rising. Currently, the state has the second highest level of economic inequality in the country. Unequal job growth across the state and stagnant wages in several sectors are two of the main contributors to rising inequality. While the state overall has seen several years of employment growth, there are stronger employment gains in New York City than in other parts of the state still suffering from job losses and stagnant employment levels. Additionally, in many sectors, such as construction and manufacturing, wages are not increasing at the same pace as inflation, leaving many ...


Utility Cost Of Formal Privacy For Releasing National Employer-Employee Statistics, Samuel Haney, Ashwin Machanavajjhala, John M. Abowd, Matthew Graham, Mark Kutzbach, Lars Vilhuber May 2017

Utility Cost Of Formal Privacy For Releasing National Employer-Employee Statistics, Samuel Haney, Ashwin Machanavajjhala, John M. Abowd, Matthew Graham, Mark Kutzbach, Lars Vilhuber

Labor Dynamics Institute

National statistical agencies around the world publish tabular summaries based on combined employer-employee (ER-EE) data. The privacy of both individuals and business establishments that feature in these data are protected by law in most countries. These data are currently released using a variety of statistical disclosure limitation (SDL) techniques that do not reveal the exact characteristics of particular employers and employees, but lack provable privacy guarantees limiting inferential disclosures. In this work, we present novel algorithms for releasing tabular summaries of linked ER-EE data with formal, provable guarantees of privacy. We show that state-of-the-art differentially private algorithms add too much ...


The City Is The Factory: New Solidarities And Spatial Strategies In An Urban Age, Miriam Greenberg, Penny Lewis Apr 2017

The City Is The Factory: New Solidarities And Spatial Strategies In An Urban Age, Miriam Greenberg, Penny Lewis

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Urban public spaces, from the streets and squares of Buenos Aires to Zuccotti Park in New York City, have become the emblematic sites of contentious politics in the twenty-first century. As the contributors to The City Is the Factory argue, this resurgent politics of the square is itself part of a broader shift in the primary locations and targets of popular protest from the workplace to the city. This shift is due to an array of intersecting developments: the concentration of people, profit, and social inequality in growing urban areas; the attacks on and precarity faced by unions and ...


Are Bonus Pools Driven By Their Incentive Effects? Evidence From Fluctuations In Gainsharing Incentives, Alan Benson, Sima Sajjadiani Apr 2017

Are Bonus Pools Driven By Their Incentive Effects? Evidence From Fluctuations In Gainsharing Incentives, Alan Benson, Sima Sajjadiani

Institute for Compensation Studies

Shared bonus pools, in which a worker’s bonus depends both on a worker’s share of the pool (which serves as the incentive) and on the size of the pool (which is largely outside of the worker’s control), are a common method for distributing bonus pay. Using variation in the size of the bonus pool generated by a manufacturing plant’s gainsharing plan, which varies incentives for quality and worker engagement, we evaluate the conditions under which incentives distributed from bonus pools have incentive effects. Overall, results are cautionary: the evidence suggests gainsharing’s benefits operate outside of ...


Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society Apr 2017

Sports, Inc. Volume 9, Issue 2, Ilr Cornell Sports Business Society

Sports, Inc.

The ILR Cornell Sports Business Society magazine is a semester publication titled Sports, Inc. This publication serves as a space for our membership to publish and feature in-depth research and well-thought out ideas to advance the world of sport. The magazine can be found in the Office of Student Services and is distributed to alumni who come visit us on campus. Issues are reproduced here with permission of the ILR Cornell Sports Business Society.


Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics And American Pensions Since The New Deal, Michael A. Mccarthy Feb 2017

Dismantling Solidarity: Capitalist Politics And American Pensions Since The New Deal, Michael A. Mccarthy

Book Samples

[Excerpt] Why has old-age security become less solidaristic and increasingly tied to risky capitalist markets? Drawing on rich archival data that covers more than fifty years of American history, Michael A. McCarthy argues that the critical driver was policymakers' reactions to capitalist crises and their political imperative to promote capitalist growth.Pension development has followed three paths of marketization in America since the New Deal, each distinct but converging: occupational pension plans were adopted as an alternative to real increases in Social Security benefits after World War II, private pension assets were then financialized and invested into the stock market ...