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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Listener's Perceptions Of Stuttering, Katie Lauren Smith Jan 2018

Listener's Perceptions Of Stuttering, Katie Lauren Smith

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

Stuttering is a neurodevelopmental disorder that causes disruptions in the normal flow of speech. Often, the disorder is accompanied by anxiety, stress, and discomfort in communication. Due to prominence of the disorder, stuttering can cause discomfort for both the listener and speaker. While some factors, such as level of fluency, familiarity with the disorder, and openness about the disorder can influence listener perceptions, the risk of negative stereotyping is high. In the following study, listener perceptions of stuttering are measured in a Christian, college-aged environment. 31 participants were asked to fill out a questionnaire about stuttering. Of the 31, 6 ...


2017 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University Apr 2017

2017 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Click the "Download" button in the top right corner to view the abstract booklet.


Stress And Sleep Quality: Mediating Effects Of Social Support, Felisha L. Younkin, Elizabeth A. Axtell, Chelsea R. Anderton Apr 2017

Stress And Sleep Quality: Mediating Effects Of Social Support, Felisha L. Younkin, Elizabeth A. Axtell, Chelsea R. Anderton

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Stress is defined as the “nonspecific response of the body to any demand made upon it” (Kohn & Frazer, 1986). Stress is among the top five threats to academic performance among college students (Pettit & DeBarr, 2011). The purpose of the study was to investigate whether stress affects perceived sleep quality, as mediated by social support, and to determine whether stress levels vary based on academic major. Using ANOVA in SPSS 24, we tested three hypotheses: stress and sleep quality are negatively correlated, social support mediates the relationship between stress and sleep quality, and stress levels will vary by academic major (specifically ...


Developmental Results Of Military Kids’ Upbringing: A Qualitative Analysis, Michael W. Firmin, Taylor E. Hobbs, Aubrey Gillette, Hannah Grammer Apr 2017

Developmental Results Of Military Kids’ Upbringing: A Qualitative Analysis, Michael W. Firmin, Taylor E. Hobbs, Aubrey Gillette, Hannah Grammer

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

In the present qualitative study, researchers focused on the similarities among college-aged military kids due to similar upbringings and shared experiences. The study was conducted through semi-structured interviews in which participants were asked to draw conclusions between past experiences and present attitudes. Researchers found major themes during the interviews and the themes of military pride, respect, and acculturation are the focus of the current presentation.


A Christian Ethical Perspective On Surrogacy, Mark E. Lones Jan 2017

A Christian Ethical Perspective On Surrogacy, Mark E. Lones

Bioethics in Faith and Practice

Infertility is a painful reality for many couples. Assisted reproductive technologies (A.R.T.) are becoming increasingly more popular for infertile couples desperate to conceive. In 1972 physician and ethicist Leon Kass warned that “infertility is a relationship as much as a condition – a relationship between husband and wife, and also between generations too. More is involved than the interests of any single individual”. Yet, most Christians have been reticent in asking what boundaries or principles need to be drawn. A recent Pew Research study found Americans, including evangelical Christians, largely do not see in vitro fertilization and surrogacy as ...


Student Lifestyle Choices And Perceptions Of Stress Based On Majors, Nathan Robinson, Seth Andrews, Benjamin E. Yoder Dec 2016

Student Lifestyle Choices And Perceptions Of Stress Based On Majors, Nathan Robinson, Seth Andrews, Benjamin E. Yoder

Exercise Science Senior Research Projects

College students are often experience many stressors. This study was designed to look at perceived-stress and health habits with relation to academic department of undergraduate students at Cedarville University. The results of this study have implications for the Physical Activity and the Christian Life (PACL) class, offered on the Cedarville campus, in assessing its current curriculum and making potential future adjustments to the course. The objective of this study was to answer the question: “Do perceived stress levels within different academic departments affect health habits in Cedarville University undergraduate students?”

The study was conducted with a campus-wide, 27 question survey ...


Rigorous Program Aids In 99 Percentile Score, Mark D. Weinstein Sep 2016

Rigorous Program Aids In 99 Percentile Score, Mark D. Weinstein

News Releases

Cedarville University’s human biology students are excelling nationally. Last year, Cindy Wingert, assistant professor of biology, administered the Human Anatomy and Physiology Society’s (HAPS) exam for her Human Structure and Function class. Wingert’s class achieved such a high average score that they ranked at the 99 percentile nationally.

The HAPS comprehensive exam was established in June of 1993 as a standardized assessment form for two semester undergraduate anatomy and physiology courses. The validated exam is administered online in a secure platform. The exam allowed Wingert to compare the performance of her class with the rest of the ...


Risk Factors For Concussion In Collegiate Ncaa Division Ii Men's And Women's Soccer Athletes, Isaac S. Beckler, Michael S. Weller May 2016

Risk Factors For Concussion In Collegiate Ncaa Division Ii Men's And Women's Soccer Athletes, Isaac S. Beckler, Michael S. Weller

Allied Health Faculty Publications

Objective: To identify risk factors for concussion among men's and women's college soccer athletes, and determine the likelihood of concussion based on those risk factors. Design and Setting: A short electronic survey was sent out to NCAA Division II universities in Ohio. Survey questions included demographics, soccer-related questions, and concussion-related questions. Participants: Men's and women's soccer athletes from division II universities in Ohio participating in varsity or junior varsity soccer at their respective universities who were at least 18 years of age. Intervention: An online survey. Main Outcome Measurement: Number of concussions sustained. Results: Of the ...


The Effect Of Signal-Independent Information And Sentence Predictability On Speech Comprehension In Babble Noise For Typical Hearing Young Adults, Mariah N. Smart Apr 2016

The Effect Of Signal-Independent Information And Sentence Predictability On Speech Comprehension In Babble Noise For Typical Hearing Young Adults, Mariah N. Smart

Linguistics Senior Research Projects

The influence of signal-independent information and sentence predictability on listeners’ comprehension was investigated by measuring transcription accuracy of a series of English sentences spoken in multi-talker babble background noise with circumstances varying between sets of sentences. Fourteen native English speaking young adults with no self-reported hearing or language disabilities completed written transcriptions of four sets of sentences. Listeners were presented with a control set of the signal alone, followed by a set of sentences spoken in multi-talker babble noise, then a set with visual presence of the speaker included, and finally a set where content context was given in addition ...


2016 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University Apr 2016

2016 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Click the "Download" button in the top right corner to view the abstract booklet.


Evaluating Interprofessional Fast Forward Rounds For Transition Of Care Education, Laura Cummings, Ashley J. Smith, Mike Pelyhes, Zachary Jenkins, Phillip L. Thornton, Maurice Lee, William Matcham Apr 2016

Evaluating Interprofessional Fast Forward Rounds For Transition Of Care Education, Laura Cummings, Ashley J. Smith, Mike Pelyhes, Zachary Jenkins, Phillip L. Thornton, Maurice Lee, William Matcham

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Background: Interprofessional Education is gaining recognition by key pharmacy organizations for its value in healthcare education, producing various models for implementation among healthcare students and professionals. Unfolding cases incorporating transitions of care may improve student skills and attitudes toward interprofessional collaboration.

Objectives: This project assessed the efficacy of unfolding cases in improving interprofessional skills and attitudes among pharmacy, nursing, and social work students. The ultimate goal is to integrate this model, if proven effective, into the curricula of multiple health science centers.

Methodology: First, pharmacy, nursing, and social work students completed a pre-intervention survey regarding interprofessional skills and attitudes before ...


Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs Apr 2016

Effects Of Olfactory Sense On Chocolate Craving, Michael W. Firmin, Aubrey Gillette, Taylor E. Hobbs

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Chocolate has been referred to as one of the most socially acceptable addictions. It is one of America’s most craved foods, and women tend to crave it more frequently than men. Kemps and Tiggemann (2013) conducted an innovative experiment to reconcile the ideas of mental imagery, scent, and craving. After presenting images of sweet foods and having female undergraduate students smell a neutral scent, the researchers found that the neutral smell decreased craving for sweet foods.

In the present study, researchers sought to replicate many aspects of Kemps and Tiggemann’s design. This new study went one step further ...


Nutritional Knowledge Among Athletic Teams, Hannah F. Gualtieri, Ellen L. Thompson, Hannah L. Stedge Apr 2016

Nutritional Knowledge Among Athletic Teams, Hannah F. Gualtieri, Ellen L. Thompson, Hannah L. Stedge

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

The topic of sports nutrition has often been undermined in the athletic world. Practicing good nutritional habits has the ability to both improve performance and health. Several studies have examined nutritional knowledge among athletic teams; however very few have compared this knowledge among athletic teams. The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of various athletes’ nutritional knowledge and evaluate the differences in this knowledge among NCAA Division II Athletic teams. A secondary purpose was to discover athlete’s confidence level in their nutritional knowledge as well as gain their opinion on how they would improve nutritional knowledge ...


He Started The Whole World Singing A Song, Brian R. Cates Jun 2015

He Started The Whole World Singing A Song, Brian R. Cates

Musical Offerings

Throughout history, music has moved people in powerful ways, so much so that, at times, it leaves them speechless. They realize that it is a song, full of notes and rhythms, yet at the same time, it makes them become profoundly aware that there is something more, humming just below the surface. My presentation seeks to enter into this music moment by asking why these types of moments even occur. Does music speak or communicate? If so, does it communicate something meaningful and significant? What is the mechanism by which music conveys this meaning? How can this meaning be articulated ...


The Right To A Safe And Healthy Birth, Rebecca D. Neff, Liz C. Widman, Leslie A. Lopez, Brittany M. Cowart, Rebecca L. Aviles Apr 2015

The Right To A Safe And Healthy Birth, Rebecca D. Neff, Liz C. Widman, Leslie A. Lopez, Brittany M. Cowart, Rebecca L. Aviles

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

The right to a safe and healthy birth is included in the declaration of human rights- the intrinsic allowances that humans are obligated to be protected by on a global scale. These rights, however, for some pregnant women have been submersed by lack of transportation, education and skilled birth attendants. Financial constraints and difficulty in obtaining adequate healthcare are also issues of concern. A review of literature pertaining to three different countries, the United States, China and India will be examined in light of safe and healthy birthing techniques for women worldwide. These countries were chosen due to their diverse ...


Suicide Tourism, Emma L. Anderson, Bethany J. Ebben, Abby L. Sherman, Johnna R. Vanstrom Apr 2015

Suicide Tourism, Emma L. Anderson, Bethany J. Ebben, Abby L. Sherman, Johnna R. Vanstrom

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

The number of people traveling to other locations, including Switzerland, or different U.S. states, for the sole purpose of receiving assisted-suicide is increasing. This phenomenon is known as suicide tourism. Switzerland is a major destination for recipients globally, as noted by Saskia Gauthier, Julian Mausbach, Thomas Reisch, and Christine Bartsch (2014) in the article, Suicide tourism: a pilot study on the Swiss phenomenon. The influx of recipients travelling to Switzerland for the purpose of committing suicide is largely due to the country’s lack of regulation in who might receive assisted-suicide. This issue is relevant in the United States ...


2015 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University Apr 2015

2015 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Click the "Download" button in the top right corner to view the abstract booklet.


Community Education On Mtm Services, Jacob M. Davis, Kristin Lessig, Lindsay M. Mailloux, Samantha A. Smolinski, Stephen K. Yeboah, Aleda M.H. Chen, Ginger D. Cameron, Thaddeus T. Franz, Jenna G. Lawhead Apr 2015

Community Education On Mtm Services, Jacob M. Davis, Kristin Lessig, Lindsay M. Mailloux, Samantha A. Smolinski, Stephen K. Yeboah, Aleda M.H. Chen, Ginger D. Cameron, Thaddeus T. Franz, Jenna G. Lawhead

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Background: Medication nonadherence, defined as “the number of doses not taken or taken incorrectly that jeopardizes the patient’s therapeutic outcome,” is a major health problem with about 43% of the general population nonadherent to their medications. Medication nonadherence accounts for an estimated 125,000 deaths per year in the US, 33-69% of medication-related hospital readmissions, and an estimated $100 to $300 billion in direct and indirect medical costs. Medication therapy management (MTM), defined as “a distinct service or group of services that optimize therapeutic outcomes for individual patients,” has been found to reduce medication nonadherence. However, many individuals eligible ...


Simulation-Based Interdisciplinary Team Learning—Pilot Study, Brian C. Patterson, Adam H. Altman, Brittani H. Purkeypile, Bethany Sibbitt, Zachary Ilgiovine, Nicholaus Christian, Phillip J. Wenzell, Natasha Mehta, Raymond Ten Eyck Apr 2015

Simulation-Based Interdisciplinary Team Learning—Pilot Study, Brian C. Patterson, Adam H. Altman, Brittani H. Purkeypile, Bethany Sibbitt, Zachary Ilgiovine, Nicholaus Christian, Phillip J. Wenzell, Natasha Mehta, Raymond Ten Eyck

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Background: Currently, interprofessional education (IPE) is becoming widely integrated into healthcare professional education with regulating bodies including IPE as a curricular requirement. Although recent studies have concluded that students value IPE, there are a number of challenges associated with initial engagement. Many schools are unsure how to approach this interdisciplinary integration. In addition to IPE, simulation has become an important tool in the education of health professionals. As the first exercise at Wright State University involving interprofessional groups composed completely of undergraduates, interested students from the Boonshoft School of Medicine, the WSU College of Nursing and Health, and the Cedarville ...


Ohio Athletic Trainer's Reactions To New Ohio Concussion Legislation, Alexander K. Heaton Apr 2015

Ohio Athletic Trainer's Reactions To New Ohio Concussion Legislation, Alexander K. Heaton

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

This research examines the effects that concussion legislation has had on how Certified Athletic Trainers practice medicine in the state of Ohio. In the spring of 2009, the state of Washington passed a bill that would change how concussions are handled in youth sports. According to the legislation, all athletes who display any signs and symptoms of a concussion are to be removed immediately from play and are not able to return to play until cleared by a licensed professional health care provider. Since then, concussion legislation of some form has been passed in every state, with Ohio passing its ...


California Trip (1904), Michael J. Newman Apr 2015

California Trip (1904), Michael J. Newman

Research Papers

No abstract provided.


Cancer Treatment During Martha Mcmillan's Time (1913), Taylor L. Stephens Apr 2015

Cancer Treatment During Martha Mcmillan's Time (1913), Taylor L. Stephens

Research Papers

No abstract provided.


Representatives Perales, Hackett Participate In Healthcare Forum, Mark D. Weinstein Feb 2015

Representatives Perales, Hackett Participate In Healthcare Forum, Mark D. Weinstein

News Releases

Cedarville University School of Pharmacy will host a policy forum on healthcare legislation with State Representatives Rick Perales and Bob Hackett along with Antonio Ciaccia, director of government and public affairs from the Ohio Pharmacist Association. The event, open to the public, will be held on Thursday, Feb. 5, in the Health Sciences Center in Room 107 beginning at 5:30 p.m.

This event will allow students to interact with representatives on legislative issues related to pharmacy. Currently the topics set in place for the forum are: student involvement, advocacy and communication with legislators, health care reform, Provider Status ...


New Global Health Certificate Program For Nurse Professionals, Beth Ford Aug 2014

New Global Health Certificate Program For Nurse Professionals, Beth Ford

News Releases

A new certificate program designed for advanced practice nurses will begin January 2015 at Cedarville University. The Global Health Ministries certificate program will provide nurse leaders with knowledge and skills that will strengthen their career and uniquely position them to address trends in contemporary nursing practice, domestically and globally.


Prison Abuse And Mental Health, Hayley R. Wolfe, Shelby Haas, Candace Olley Apr 2014

Prison Abuse And Mental Health, Hayley R. Wolfe, Shelby Haas, Candace Olley

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Abuse among mentally ill inmates is a relevant issue in prison systems worldwide. This presentation will focus on the pervasiveness and severity of this abuse in the US and abroad. Pertinent statistics regarding the prevalence of abuse among the mentally ill in prison systems, as well as the obstacles to obtaining such statistics will be presented. Following the major deinstitutionalization of mental hospitals in the 1970s, the mentally ill inmate population has seen exponential increase in the United States. Abuse statistics of the mentally ill in United Kingdom prisons will also be presented and analyzed, including concerns in prison staff ...


2014 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University Apr 2014

2014 Symposium Overview, Cedarville University

The Research and Scholarship Symposium (2013-2019)

Click the "Download" button in the top right corner to view the abstract booklet.


To Conceive Or Not Conceive: A Christian Perspective On Family Planning, Elise Newcomer Mar 2014

To Conceive Or Not Conceive: A Christian Perspective On Family Planning, Elise Newcomer

CedarEthics: A Journal of Critical Thinking in Bioethics

The issue of birth control has been a constant source of dissent between the Catholic Church and the secular world for much of history. However, the past year has seen an even more divisive conflict erupt over family planning in the United States, since the Affordable Care Act mandates that employers supply insurance coverage for birth control (Reuters, 2013). By contrast, China’s government continues to dictate how many children each family can have. The current political and social climate of the world has seriously called into question what should be proper family planning. For the Christian, this is extremely ...


Evaluation Of Multi-Course Integrated Learning On Pharmacy Student Confidence In Self-Care Counseling, Jeb Ballentine, Phillip L. Thornton, Aleda M.H. Chen, Thaddeus T. Franz, Tracy R. Frame Jan 2014

Evaluation Of Multi-Course Integrated Learning On Pharmacy Student Confidence In Self-Care Counseling, Jeb Ballentine, Phillip L. Thornton, Aleda M.H. Chen, Thaddeus T. Franz, Tracy R. Frame

Jeb Ballentine, Pharm.D., R.Ph.

No abstract provided.


Effectiveness Of Clinical Scenarios In Improving Student Interprofessional Skills And Attitudes, Ashley Peterson, Mike Pelyhes, Laura Cummings, Phillip L. Thornton, Zachary N. Jenkins Dec 2013

Effectiveness Of Clinical Scenarios In Improving Student Interprofessional Skills And Attitudes, Ashley Peterson, Mike Pelyhes, Laura Cummings, Phillip L. Thornton, Zachary N. Jenkins

Pharmacy and Nursing Student Research and Evidence-Based Medicine Poster Session

Background: “Interprofessional education (IPE) is defined as the process by which individuals from two or more health professions learn with, from, and about each other across the spectrum of their education to improve collaboration, practice, and the quality of health care.” [1] Interprofessional Education has recently gained interest as an important aspect of training in healthcare professions, attracting the attention and support of several key pharmacy organizations. Various models of IPE have been implemented to facilitate collaboration among medical, nursing, pharmacy, and social work students and professionals. One model found to be particularly effective among pharmacy students is a mock ...


The Impact Of Pro-Life Education On Abortion Attitude Among College Students In Nepal, Maya Shrestha Jun 2013

The Impact Of Pro-Life Education On Abortion Attitude Among College Students In Nepal, Maya Shrestha

Master of Science in Nursing Theses

Since the legalization of abortion in Nepal in 2002, the number of induced abortions has increased. Various national and international organizations have been giving greater attention and effort to enhancing the public’s knowledge on legal abortion. However, little research on pro-life education and its impact on abortion attitude have been conducted in Nepal and around the world at large. The purpose of this research was to explore the impact of pro-life education on abortion attitude among college students in Nepal.

This one group pretest posttest study was based on the cognitive dissonance theory (CDT) which postulates that education brings ...