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Articles 1 - 30 of 341

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

E-Cigarette Consumption In North American Schools, Abdul Hakim Merhi Jan 2020

E-Cigarette Consumption In North American Schools, Abdul Hakim Merhi

Major Papers

E-Cigarette use has grown at an unprecedented rate in North America. Studies are being conducted to understand the social and health-related implications of this phenomenon. Teenagers are at the center of the discussion when e-cigarette consumption is researched and examined. Understanding the rate of growth and consumption relative to school settings is important to understanding this phenomenon.

A knowledge synthesis is provided to direct the following questions: (1) Where are teenagers consuming e-cigarettes? And why? (2) What are some current North American policies that address smoking and vaping in schools? (3) Why is the consumption of e-cigarettes school property problematic ...


‘Go Out Museums!’ Museums’ Political Relevance Within The Current Media Environment, Carolina Betancur Botero Ms. Nov 2019

‘Go Out Museums!’ Museums’ Political Relevance Within The Current Media Environment, Carolina Betancur Botero Ms.

Major Papers

At their best, museums are institutions that create transformative experiences for their visitors. Therefore, many scholars and museum professionals have advocated for museums that do not only display narratives through their exhibitions but also take part in social change. This task becomes even more relevant when digital platforms and social media, today’s predominant sources of information as well as prime providers of spaces for social and political interactions, have proven to have negative effects for society. Despite their beneficial outcomes, new media technologies promote commoditization, ephemerality, immediacy and individualism, effects that disturb the sense of solidarity, empathy and sense ...


When Establishment And Social Movements Fail: Exploring The Populist Candidacies Of The 2016 American Presidential Primaries, Nancy Duffy Jun 2019

When Establishment And Social Movements Fail: Exploring The Populist Candidacies Of The 2016 American Presidential Primaries, Nancy Duffy

Major Papers

This paper takes a second look at the 2016 American Presidential Primaries from the perspective of asking what the American people were really after then they chose to ultimately support populism. Media reports and editorial discussions all pointed to a base that was somehow backing misogyny and racism. My research points to an alternative. Populism and social movement theory suggest that the success of anti-establishment candidacies is not credited to populists alone; in the case of 2016, it had support in the credibility and political opportunity left by social movements past. And so to investigate this historic battle between the ...


A Review Of Emission Trading Systems, Aaron Matthew Gorski May 2019

A Review Of Emission Trading Systems, Aaron Matthew Gorski

Major Papers

This paper serves as a review of emission trading systems as a means to achieve reductions in the level of greenhouse gas emissions and other pollutants around the world. The review begins with the history of emission trading, beginning with early theoretical frameworks developed by economists in the 1960s and 1970s, followed by early implementations of permit markets similar to modern day emission trading systems. International negotiations related to emission reductions such as the Kyoto Protocol and Paris Agreement are discussed. Next, the economic mechanisms of emission trading systems are discussed, including a brief comparison to carbon taxes as an ...


Economic Effects Of Solar Activity: Evidence From Canada, Zichun Zhao May 2019

Economic Effects Of Solar Activity: Evidence From Canada, Zichun Zhao

Major Papers

This papers uses a three-sector Real Business Cycle model with a stochastic sunspot volatility shock to estimate the adverse effects of intense solar activity to the economy of Canada. To the best of my knowledge this is the first study to measure the adverse effects of intense solar activity in Canada. Calibrating the model for Canada's economy, I found that a solar activity shock leads to lower output, consumption, and investment. These findings are confirmed from an econometric exercise using Canadian data. Precisely, this paper finds that every percentage point increase in solar activity generates a 0.26 percentage ...


Municipal Government: Social Media And Youth Engagement, Jordyn D. J. Bailey May 2019

Municipal Government: Social Media And Youth Engagement, Jordyn D. J. Bailey

Major Papers

Social media outlets such as Twitter, Facebook, and YouTube allow for the development of an online community for individuals to communicate and connect with others throughout the world. For this paper, social media outlets are understood to offer a solution to the ongoing issue of political disengagement found among youth between the ages of 18 and 34. Municipalities commonly experience low voter turnout during elections, causing a shift in candidates’ focus from traditional forms of campaigning towards the use of social media. The political disengagement among youth has been attributed to a lack of knowledge on politics and a lack ...


Development Finance Institutions As Tools For Foreign Aid Distribution: A Comparative Analysis Of The Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Findev Canada And Deutsche Investitions – Und Entwicklungsgesellschaft, Kamal Mann May 2019

Development Finance Institutions As Tools For Foreign Aid Distribution: A Comparative Analysis Of The Overseas Private Investment Corporation, Findev Canada And Deutsche Investitions – Und Entwicklungsgesellschaft, Kamal Mann

Major Papers

An understanding of how foreign aid has changed requires a thorough examination of the efforts taken in aid to address the widening finance gap in development, alongside the often-contested issue of aid effectiveness. This is particularly the case when looking at how aid should be paid for. Yet the question of how to best program and deliver foreign aid remains unanswered.

Aid remains one of the largest aspects of international transfers of resources that occur in the world, as such it is important to study it. The rise of Development Finance Institutions, which are publicly owned, private lending institutions helps ...


The Democracy Defibrillator: The Decline Of Canadian Voter Turnout In Federal Elections, And Suggestions For Revitalisation, Andre Real Ouellet May 2019

The Democracy Defibrillator: The Decline Of Canadian Voter Turnout In Federal Elections, And Suggestions For Revitalisation, Andre Real Ouellet

Major Papers

This Major Research Paper analyses the decline of voter turnout in Canadian federal elections since 1988, looking at some of the reasoning for this and discussing some solutions for the growth of turnout in the future. As well as analyzing the issue of youth voting in particular, the paper discusses several possibilities to fix the system, utilising case study to find concepts that worked elsewhere.

Specifically, the extension of the minimum voting age to 16 years old, changes to the voting system (in terms of moving away from First Past The Post) and mandatory voting laws are discussed as possible ...


Psychosocial Interventions For Emergent Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: Near-Empty Systematic Review And Exploratory Meta-Analysis, Rachel R. Jewell, Kevin M. Gorey May 2019

Psychosocial Interventions For Emergent Adults With Type 1 Diabetes: Near-Empty Systematic Review And Exploratory Meta-Analysis, Rachel R. Jewell, Kevin M. Gorey

Social Work Publications

Risk for developing mental health concerns is increased for people with diabetes. Coupled with stressors related to the transition from adolescence to adulthood, emergent adults may be in greater need of psychosocial interventions to help them cope. This review summarizes the literature on interventions used with people with diabetes aged 15–30 years on psychosocial and biological (A1C) outcomes. Core databases were searched for both published and grey research. Studies completed between January 1985 and October 2018 using any psychosocial intervention and meeting age and diabetes type requirements were selected if they included a control or comparison group and findings ...


Critical Questions For Archives As (Big) Data, Devon R. Mordell Apr 2019

Critical Questions For Archives As (Big) Data, Devon R. Mordell

Leddy Library Publications

We may observe a growing preoccupation in archival literature with characterizing digital archives as big data – a term that suitably captures both their scale and their potential for manipulation through the application of computational methods and techniques for the purposes of discovering new insights. The possibilities for working with digital archives as data, from supporting archival arrangement and description tasks to promoting the use of digital archives as data sets by researchers, are indeed encouraging. But what are digital archives becoming when they are reframed as data, big or otherwise? What consequences might such a conceptualization have for the ways ...


Measuring The Flexibility Of Delusion-Like Beliefs In Non-Clinical Samples: Development And Validation Of The Windsor Belief Flexibility Scale (Wbfs), Bahar Haji-Khamneh Mar 2019

Measuring The Flexibility Of Delusion-Like Beliefs In Non-Clinical Samples: Development And Validation Of The Windsor Belief Flexibility Scale (Wbfs), Bahar Haji-Khamneh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This series of five studies examined the nature of belief flexibility for delusion-like beliefs in non-clinical samples. Findings in the literature show an overlap in psychotic symptoms between clinical and non-clinical populations. While studies about the flexibility of clinical delusions abound in the literature, there is a dearth of research pertaining to the flexibility of unusual delusion-like beliefs (i.e. beliefs that do not meet criteria for clinical significance). The aims of this dissertation were to: (1) develop and validate a new self-report measure, the Windsor Belief Flexibility Scale (WBFS), for measuring the flexibility of delusion-like beliefs in non-clinical samples ...


Rethinking Retirement For The 21st Century, Stephen C. Russo Jan 2019

Rethinking Retirement For The 21st Century, Stephen C. Russo

Major Papers

Canada’s labour force has been gradually growing older in recent decades. An aging labour force creates significant problems for the country and the future growth of our economy. With an aging labour force, comes the need to start rethinking how Canadians look at retirement in the 21st century and how both the government and private sector can contribute solutions to adapting to an older workforce. This problem is not unique to Canada, most of the industrialized west has been or will begin to experience the same demographic shift as we are in Canada. The main challenge this paper ...


Government Funding Of Nonprofit Organizations: The Case Of The Community Support Centre Of Essex County, Cezara Sorina Chesu Jan 2019

Government Funding Of Nonprofit Organizations: The Case Of The Community Support Centre Of Essex County, Cezara Sorina Chesu

Major Papers

Nonprofit organizations are not something new. While their popularity has risen in recent times, the conceptualization of the institutions occurred long ago. Government funding of nonprofit organizations is a topic that has been discussed and analyzed for decades in many different forms. This paper looks at literature written on the subject and is specifically interested in the reasons why the government at all levels provides funding for nonprofits. The literature suggests that there are two prevailing reasons:

  1. Governments fund nonprofits based on the interests of a particular political agenda.
  2. Governments fund nonprofits for cost reduction purposes.

This paper will test ...


Councillors Deserve More: An Analysis Of Council Remuneration In Windsor, Chelsea Verna Bonneau Jan 2019

Councillors Deserve More: An Analysis Of Council Remuneration In Windsor, Chelsea Verna Bonneau

Major Papers

This paper analyzes the salaries of municipal councillors in Windsor, Ontario to determine if they are being paid an appropriate salary for the work they perform and the responsibility they hold. There are three methods used to find this result. First, the salaries of Windsor’s councillors are compared to the average salaries of other part-time workers in Ontario. Second, the average amount of time that councillors spend working on a weekly basis, both in meetings and outside of meetings, is determined. Finally, the salaries of Windsor’s councillors are compared to average salaries of boards of directors, as this ...


Reconceptualizing City Branding To Account For Talent Attraction: Cities As A Place To Work And Live, Lauren Marie Robinet Jan 2019

Reconceptualizing City Branding To Account For Talent Attraction: Cities As A Place To Work And Live, Lauren Marie Robinet

Major Papers

With thousands of local governments implementing city branding since the late 1990s, the leading question has become how to brand in the competitive 21st century environment. The growth in the global labour pool and increased freedom of movement has led to increased competition for talent. The increased competition for talent, coupled with a global scale of inter-city competition, has pushed local governments to seek initiatives that will sustain and enhance economic development. Globalization has indeed marked a change in employment trends, wherein a competitive employment environment continues to increase due to a shortage of appropriate applicants and high turnover ...


Yoga-Specific Enhancement Of Quality Of Life Among Women With Breast Cancer: Systematic Review And Exploratory Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials, Daline El-Hashimi, Kevin M. Gorey Jan 2019

Yoga-Specific Enhancement Of Quality Of Life Among Women With Breast Cancer: Systematic Review And Exploratory Meta-Analysis Of Randomized Controlled Trials, Daline El-Hashimi, Kevin M. Gorey

Social Work Publications

Physical activities during and after cancer treatment have favorable psychosocial effects. Increasingly, yoga has become a popular approach to improving the quality of life (QoL) of women with breast cancer. However, the extant synthetic evidence on yoga has not used other exercise comparison conditions. This meta-analysis aimed to systematically assess yoga-specific effects relative to any other physical exercise intervention (eg, aerobics) for women with breast cancer. QoL was the primary outcome of interest. Eight randomized controlled trials with 545 participants were included. The sample-weighted synthesis at immediate postintervention revealed marginally statistically and modest practically significant differences suggesting yoga’s potentially ...


Multiplicative Advantages Of Hispanic Men Living In Hispanic Enclaves: Intersectionality In Colon Cancer Care: A Research Note, Keren M. Escobar, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin M. Gorey Jan 2019

Multiplicative Advantages Of Hispanic Men Living In Hispanic Enclaves: Intersectionality In Colon Cancer Care: A Research Note, Keren M. Escobar, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin M. Gorey

Social Work Publications

We examined Hispanic enclave paradoxical effects on cancer care among socioeconomically vulnerable people in pre-Obamacare California. We conducted a secondary analysis of a historical cohort of 511 Hispanic and 1,753 non-Hispanic white people with colon cancer. Hispanic enclaves were neighborhoods where 40% or more of the residents were Hispanic, mostly first-generation Mexican American immigrants. An interaction of ethnicity, gender, and Hispanic enclave status was observed such that the protective effects of living in a Hispanic enclave were larger for Hispanic men, particularly married Hispanic men, than women. Risks were also exposed among other study groups: the poor, the inadequately ...


Care Of Acute Conditions And Chronic Diseases In Canada And The United States: Rapid Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Keren M. Escobar, Dorian Murariu, Sharon Munro, Kevin M. Gorey Jan 2019

Care Of Acute Conditions And Chronic Diseases In Canada And The United States: Rapid Systematic Review And Meta-Analysis, Keren M. Escobar, Dorian Murariu, Sharon Munro, Kevin M. Gorey

Social Work Publications

This study tested the hypothesis that socioeconomically vulnerable Canadians with diverse acute conditions or chronic diseases have health care access and survival advantages over their counterparts in the USA. A rapid systematic review retrieved 25 studies (34 independent cohorts) published between 2003 and 2018. They were synthesized with a streamlined meta-analysis. Very low-income Canadian patients were consistently and highly advantaged in terms of health care access and survival compared with their counterparts in the USA who lived in poverty and/or were uninsured or underinsured. In aggregate and controlling for specific conditions or diseases and typically 4 to 9 comorbid ...


Workplace Policies And Canadian Cannabis Rights: A Policy Learning Comparison For Windsor, Clarence Jesse Market Jan 2019

Workplace Policies And Canadian Cannabis Rights: A Policy Learning Comparison For Windsor, Clarence Jesse Market

Major Papers

Although cannabis became a legal recreational drug under federal law in Canada, Windsor has no Fit for Duty or Accommodation policies at the time this paper is being written. Because of this, an opportunity for policy learning emerges. In this policy learning comparison, the policies in the American municipality of Salem, Oregon, will be juxtaposed to those of Essex County. The policies to be examined will be those whose subject matter is most relevant to the issue of cannabis in the workplace, the Fit for Duty policy and the duty to accommodate policy. Salem was chosen due to its location ...


A Critical Investigation Of Bell Let’S Talk, Jasmine Vido Jan 2019

A Critical Investigation Of Bell Let’S Talk, Jasmine Vido

Major Papers

In September 2010, Bell created the Bell Let’s Talk campaign to help lessen the stigma of mental health illnesses in Canada. The objective of this paper is to tease out the “ambivalences” (see Banet-Weiser, 2012) surrounding a massive corporation’s leadership in mental health awareness by analyzing both the importance and controversy surrounding Bell Let’s Talk.

The first component of this paper is a literature review that seeks to answer the research question: “how may components of Bell Let’s Talk Day be understood as both progressive and regressive?” Although “social media is the next step in the ...


The Political, Economic, And Social Determinants Of Child Poverty: The Case Of Windsor, Ontario, Paul J. Przytocki Jan 2019

The Political, Economic, And Social Determinants Of Child Poverty: The Case Of Windsor, Ontario, Paul J. Przytocki

Major Papers

In 1989, the federal government mandated to eliminate child poverty by the year 2000. This paper explores the political, economic, and social determinants of persistent and high rates of child poverty in the Windsor-Essex region of Ontario eighteen years after the stated deadline for this mandate. By asking the question of what social, political, and economic factors contribute to the stable and high rates of child poverty in Windsor-Essex, this paper argues that child poverty in the Windsor CMA is due to (1) a lack of political leadership and investment; (2) the lack of economic diversification; (3) a flawed support ...


Lifestyle And Obesity In Canada-A Quantile Regression Approach, Khandoker Monjure Kabir Jan 2019

Lifestyle And Obesity In Canada-A Quantile Regression Approach, Khandoker Monjure Kabir

Major Papers

Objective: This study examines the relationship between BMI and some life-style variables, socio-economic status (SES) variables, and some socio-demographic variables related to behavior of individuals along different points of the BMI distribution by using quantile regression. Methods: A representative sample of 34,225 individuals of Canada form the Canadian Community Health survey 2014 is selected to conduct this study. Ordinary least squares (OLS) method is used at first to differentiate the results between conditional mean framework and conditional quantile framework. Quantile regression is estimated to analyze the heterogeneous relationship among fruits and vegetables, physical activity and BMI. Results: Analyses expose ...


'Bigger Than Football': A Capacities And Signals Approach To The Nfl Kneeling Protests, Brittany Szczyglowski Jan 2019

'Bigger Than Football': A Capacities And Signals Approach To The Nfl Kneeling Protests, Brittany Szczyglowski

Major Papers

The ‘kneeling protests’ happening in the National Football League (NFL) have transformed football stadiums across the country into unlikely, yet impactful, spaces of resistance to racist rhetoric and racial violence. The reactions to the protests have been split, to say the least. Some have praised the kneeling as a powerful and moving display of civil resistance, culminating in the most high profile protester, Colin Kaepernick, being recognized as Amnesty International’s 2018 Ambassador of Consciousness. Others have interpreted the protests as a sign of disrespect towards the American flag, national anthem, and military. Now well into its third season, the ...


Oil Prices And Economic Growth: Cases Of Canada And Usa, Seth Kwei Etsibah-Tackie Jan 2019

Oil Prices And Economic Growth: Cases Of Canada And Usa, Seth Kwei Etsibah-Tackie

Major Papers

The effects of oil prices on economies has been subjected to a lot of scrutiny since the 1960’s. This study conducts an analysis of the impact of oil price shocks on two oil exporting nations, Canada and USA. The transmission mechanisms of oil price changes to any economy vary from the supply effect to the demand effect. High crude oil prices impact the Canadian economy and USA through a variety of channels, in both positive and negative ways. Ceteris paribus more revenue is made when oil prices increase. In this study, I run an ordinary least square estimation with ...


The Role Of Pornography Consumption In Intimate Partner Aggression/Violence In Emerging Adult Couples: A Prospective Longitudinal Study, Katherine Jongsma Jan 2019

The Role Of Pornography Consumption In Intimate Partner Aggression/Violence In Emerging Adult Couples: A Prospective Longitudinal Study, Katherine Jongsma

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current study examined pornography consumption, intimate partner aggression/violence (IPAV), and other relevant variables in emerging adult heterosexual couple dyads on two separate occasions over a span of four months. This study had four main objectives: (a) to examine the association between frequency of pornography consumption and IPAV (physical, sexual, and psychological) at the couple-level, (b) to test the moderating effects of coercive control and a composite of several behavioural and experiential risk factors for aggression (e.g., violence in the family of origin, delinquency, history of aggression) on the relation between frequency of pornography use and IPAV, (d ...


Multidimensions Of Poverty: An Analysis Of The Differential Effects Of Racism And Poverty On Skeletal Growth, Jennifer Lyn Halliday Jan 2019

Multidimensions Of Poverty: An Analysis Of The Differential Effects Of Racism And Poverty On Skeletal Growth, Jennifer Lyn Halliday

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There is evidence that people with a higher income tend to have better overall social, physical, and economic well-being. However, poverty is multidimensional and means more than just a lack of money and income (UNDP 2009; Potter et al. 2012). The differential effects of economic poverty, such as malnutrition and exposure to environmental pollutants, have variable effects on human growth and development depending on the conditions to which individuals and populations are subject. Understanding how the long-term consequences of food scarcity and pollution will affect the human body in its entirety will better contribute to understanding social harms. As such ...


Housing Affordability In Toronto: Low-Income Earners And Recent Immigrants, Dipanjaly Barua Pinki Jan 2019

Housing Affordability In Toronto: Low-Income Earners And Recent Immigrants, Dipanjaly Barua Pinki

Major Papers

This paper analyses different phenomena, initiatives, and policies to determine whether they inhibit or promote affordable housing for recent immigrants in Toronto CMA, Ontario. New immigrants tend to live in the largest cities and thereby create extra demand for housing stock. Toronto does not currently have the capacity to supply affordable housing units for its domestic and immigrant populations. This is exacerbated by the fact that the provincial government has removed rent control for newly built or vacant housing units, a decision that encouraged developers and landlords to increase rents. The price determination through the process of supply and demand ...


Hot Topics In Recent Lis Publications, Guoying Liu Oct 2018

Hot Topics In Recent Lis Publications, Guoying Liu

Leddy Library Presentations

No abstract provided.


Profound Health Care Discrimination Experienced By Transgender People: Rapid Systematic Review, Luisa Kcomt Oct 2018

Profound Health Care Discrimination Experienced By Transgender People: Rapid Systematic Review, Luisa Kcomt

Social Work Publications

Transgender people experience interpersonal and structural barriers which prevent them from accessing culturally and medically competent health care. This rapid systematic review examined the prevalence of health care discrimination among transgender people in the U.S. and drew comparisons with sexual minority samples and the general U.S. population. Eight primary studies with 35 prevalence estimates were analyzed. The transgender population experience profound rates of discrimination within the U.S. health care system. Compared to sexual minorities, transgender participants appear to be more compromised in their access to health care. Service providers must change structural inequities which contribute to transgender ...


Rising Tides? Data Capture, Platform Accumulation, And New Monopolies In The Digital Music Economy, Leslie M. Meier, Vincent R. Manzerolle Oct 2018

Rising Tides? Data Capture, Platform Accumulation, And New Monopolies In The Digital Music Economy, Leslie M. Meier, Vincent R. Manzerolle

Communication, Media & Film Publications

This article examines the roles of platform-based distribution and user data in the digital music economy. Drawing on trade press, newspaper coverage, and a consumer privacy complaint, we offer a critical analysis of tech-music partnerships forged between Samsung and Jay-Z (2013), Apple iTunes Store and U2 (2014), Tidal and Kanye West (2016), and Apple Music and Drake (2017). In these cases, information technology (IT) companies supported album releases, and music was used to generate user data and attention: logics of data and attention capture were interwoven. The IT and music industries have adapted their business strategies to what we conceptualize ...