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Articles 1 - 30 of 1210

Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Sensitivity Of Livelihood Strategy To Livestock Production And Marketization: An Empirical Analysis Of Grasslands In Inner Mongolia, China, Saheed Olaide Jimoh, Wenqiang Ding, Haibin Dong, Haihua Bai, Yanting Yin, Huihui Liu, Xiangyang Hou, Xiangyang Hou, Xiangyang Hou, Xiangyang Hou Jun 2022

Sensitivity Of Livelihood Strategy To Livestock Production And Marketization: An Empirical Analysis Of Grasslands In Inner Mongolia, China, Saheed Olaide Jimoh, Wenqiang Ding, Haibin Dong, Haihua Bai, Yanting Yin, Huihui Liu, Xiangyang Hou, Xiangyang Hou, Xiangyang Hou, Xiangyang Hou

Regional Sustainability

Recent researches have primarily focused on the relationship between livelihood strategies and livelihood capital, with few empirical studies on the sensitivity of livelihood strategies to livestock production and marketization in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region of China. This study used an income distribution approach to categorize livelihood strategies of the respondents (n ​= ​394) into three types, i.e., herder livelihood strategy (LS1), petty-herder livelihood strategy (LS2), and non-herder livelihood strategy (LS3). Using the multinomial logistic regression model, we compared livestock production and marketization across the three livelihood strategies. Our findings showed that (1) livestock production and marketization tended to favor LS1 ...


Evaluation And Optimization Analysis Of High-Speed Rail Network Structure In Northeast China Under The Background Of Northeast Revitalization, Shaojie Xu, Fuyuan Wang, Kaiyong Wang Jun 2022

Evaluation And Optimization Analysis Of High-Speed Rail Network Structure In Northeast China Under The Background Of Northeast Revitalization, Shaojie Xu, Fuyuan Wang, Kaiyong Wang

Regional Sustainability

The construction of high-speed rail (HSR) network has promoted the social-economic ties of cities, accelerated the compression of time and space, and changed the pattern of regional development. In this paper, with the adoption of the operation frequency data of HSR from 12306 website, and based on the HSR connection strength model and social network analysis model, as well as according to the HSR connection strength, HSR network density, centrality, agglomeration subgroup, and other indicators, we analyzed the characteristics of HSR network structure in Northeast China. Results show that the number of HSR cities in Northeast China is small, cities ...


Understanding The Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Nighttime Urban Vibrancy In Central Shanghai Inferred From Mobile Phone Data, Yangfan Zhang, Weijing Zhong, De Wang, Feng-Tyan Lin Jun 2022

Understanding The Spatiotemporal Patterns Of Nighttime Urban Vibrancy In Central Shanghai Inferred From Mobile Phone Data, Yangfan Zhang, Weijing Zhong, De Wang, Feng-Tyan Lin

Regional Sustainability

In recent years, major cities around the world such as New York in USA, Melbourne in Australia, and Shanghai in China, have planned to boost their nighttime urban vibrancy levels to spur the economy and achieve cultural diversity. The study of nighttime urban vibrancy from the perspective of spatiotemporal characteristics is increasingly being recognized as part of the essential work in the field of urban planning and geography. This research used mobile phone signaling records to measure urban vibrancy in central Shanghai and revealed its spatiotemporal patterns during nighttime. Specifically, this research explored the changes of urban vibrancy within a ...


Interconnections Between Governance And Socioeconomic Conditions: Understanding The Challenges In Sub-Saharan Africa, Fisayo Fagbemi, Geraldine Ejiaka Nzeribe, Tolulope Temilola Osinubi, Simplice Asongu Jun 2022

Interconnections Between Governance And Socioeconomic Conditions: Understanding The Challenges In Sub-Saharan Africa, Fisayo Fagbemi, Geraldine Ejiaka Nzeribe, Tolulope Temilola Osinubi, Simplice Asongu

Regional Sustainability

Given that challenges on the issue of socioeconomic development faced by countries in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) have been identified as critical to strengthening the inherent link between governance and socioeconomic conditions, this study examines the interconnections between governance and socioeconomic conditions in SSA. With a focus on 25 countries in SSA between 2005 and 2019, we conduct the analysis based on the Panel-Corrected Standard Error and System Generalized Method of Moments estimations and panel causality tests. The results show that SSA does not seem to have the means of effective governance to spur improved socioeconomic conditions. Moreover, the pervasiveness of ...


Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin Jun 2022

Dataset Of Antemortem Tooth Loss And Carious Lesions At Deir El-Medina, Anne Austin

UMSL Datasets

These data are from observations on antemortem tooth loss and the presence of carious lesions from the site of Deir el-Medina, Egypt. The data were collected by Anne Austin and Mélie Louys as part of the mission of the Institut Français d’Archéologie Orientale at the site during the 2012-14 and 2019-20 field seasons. These data were derived from human remains found in Theban Tombs 6, 217, 290, and 298. They are estimated to date from 1550-945 BCE. These data include macroscopic observations from 32 mandibles and 44 maxillae consisting of 485 observable teeth and 1,052 observable tooth sockets ...


3d Library From Body Size From Unconventional Specimens: A 3d Geometric Morphometrics Approach To Fishes From Ancestral Pueblo Contexts, Jonathan Dombrosky, Thomas F. Turner, Alexandra Harris, Emily Lena Jones Apr 2022

3d Library From Body Size From Unconventional Specimens: A 3d Geometric Morphometrics Approach To Fishes From Ancestral Pueblo Contexts, Jonathan Dombrosky, Thomas F. Turner, Alexandra Harris, Emily Lena Jones

Anthropology Faculty & Staff Publications

Animal body size estimation from zooarchaeological specimens often relies on specific, one-dimensional (i.e., conventional) measures from skeletal elements. Here, we introduce an animal body size estimation technique for archaeological fishes that relies on 3D reference scans and the calculation of centroid size, a standard 3D geometric morphometric proxy measure for organism size. Centroid size-based estimations on whole caudal vertebrae are strongly correlated with a widely accepted measure (i.e., centrum width), but the scalability and flexibility of the centroid size-based approach allows for use on a wide variety of fragmented remains. We use zooarchaeological fish remains (subfamily Ictiobinae) from ...


Lead With Your Heart, So You Don't Lose Your Mind, Larry S. Tomiyama Mar 2022

Lead With Your Heart, So You Don't Lose Your Mind, Larry S. Tomiyama

National Youth Advocacy and Resilience Conference

Using our trauma-based model I have witnessed minor and major miracles happen with students. Come hear my heart wrenching and/ many times hilarious stories I had the privilege of experiencing. Using brain based research to reinforce conclusions and recommended strategies my message reminds people why we chose to be teachers.


Wistia Mirl Playlist Video Streaming Data: February 25, 2022, Mirl 2021 Feb 2022

Wistia Mirl Playlist Video Streaming Data: February 25, 2022, Mirl 2021

Medical Institutional Repositories in Libraries (MIRL)

Includes the data file produced during the assessment phase of the MIRL 2021 symposium. Data reflects Wistia MIRL Playlist Video Streaming data as of February 25, 2022.


Washington Dairy Survey 2020, Jennifer E. Givens, Michael D. Briscoe Feb 2022

Washington Dairy Survey 2020, Jennifer E. Givens, Michael D. Briscoe

Browse all Datasets

These data are part of the dissertation research of Michael D. Briscoe. This research analyzed the association between modernization and farmer alienation from their work and their cows, as well as their overall life satisfaction. The results show that modernization has mixed effects on farmer alienation. This statistical finding was supported by interviews with farmers, who expressed that large farms can make it hard to maintain a relationship with their cows, but that technology actually replaces negative aspects of this relationship and allows for new forms of interaction.


Promoting Development Of Urban-Rural Integration By Urban Agriculture, Qichang Yang Feb 2022

Promoting Development Of Urban-Rural Integration By Urban Agriculture, Qichang Yang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

How to solve the widening gap between urban and rural areas caused by the rapid development of urbanization and its siphonic effect has become the focus of the whole society. The unique role of urban agriculture in expanding urban agricultural space, enhancing the elasticity of urban food supply, ensuring residents' physical and mental health, improving the ecological environment, and reducing carbon footprint was discussed, from the perspectives of urban agriculture's connotation and denotation, morphological characteristics and functions. Besides, the potential role of urban agriculture in solving the issues of rural and urban development and the method and strategies of ...


Data For "Agency, Benevolence And Justice", Prithvijit Mukherjee, J. Dustin Tracy Feb 2022

Data For "Agency, Benevolence And Justice", Prithvijit Mukherjee, J. Dustin Tracy

Economic Science Institute Data Sets

We test for social norms regarding how agents should select between risky prospects for principals, including norms consistent with beneficence and justice propositions from Adam Smith. We elicit norms from subjects serving as "impartial spectator[s]" about choice of risky prospect selected by the agents. We find strong evidence for the existence of norms, consistent with the Smith propositions. Furthermore we find that agents are more likely to select more normative options. In contrast, we find that principals' allocation for bonuses depends on the realization of the risky prospect rather than whether the agents choice was consistent with the norm.


Introduction To Data Visualization With Tableau, Jennifer Murray, Gordon Rakita Jan 2022

Introduction To Data Visualization With Tableau, Jennifer Murray, Gordon Rakita

Library Faculty Presentations & Publications

In this workshop we introduced the basics of using Tableau including how to create, interact with, and share visualizations with a variety of data.


Thinking On New System For Big Data Technology, Xueqi Chegn, Shenghua Liu, Ruqing Zhang Jan 2022

Thinking On New System For Big Data Technology, Xueqi Chegn, Shenghua Liu, Ruqing Zhang

Bulletin of Chinese Academy of Sciences (Chinese Version)

In recent years, there are such significant improvements on the performance and efficiency of big data technology and system. As it is widely applied in various fields, big data has empowered industrial intelligence, and is the key step into the intelligent stage of information society. Therefore, we are facing greater challenges nowadays, such as the paradox of data flooding and high-value data lacking, the complexity and uncertainty of big data analysis, and the difficulty to balance the data on sharing and circulation, and trustworthiness and security. Moreover, these challenges will not only promote the innovation and change of big data ...


Dr. Harvey W. Wiley's Fight For Food Safety In The Late 19th Century And Early 20th Century, Katherine E. Dixon Jan 2022

Dr. Harvey W. Wiley's Fight For Food Safety In The Late 19th Century And Early 20th Century, Katherine E. Dixon

The Exposition

In the late 19th Century, a researcher by the name of Dr. Harvey Washington Wiley. He had discovered that food manufacturers were adulterating and misbranding many of their food products. Dr. Wiley had realized that these chemicals being added to these food products were dangerous for human consumption and were not being put on the labels. Dr. Wiley realized this was a huge problem for Americans and dedicated his career to fight for regulations against this. He started an experimental group called the Poison Squad which helped to bring media attention to this issue.


Quantitatively Comparing Elite Formation Over A Century: Ministers And Judges, John Hogan Jan 2022

Quantitatively Comparing Elite Formation Over A Century: Ministers And Judges, John Hogan

Datasets

The abstract of the draft article that the datasets come from states:

In democratic societies the role of the education system is seen as crucially important to their development. It is critical in structuring society and in the value of its human and social capital. In particular, the role played by the education system in the creation and reproduction of the governing elites, and its countervailing potential to create a more meritocratic and egalitarian society has been an enduring topic of concern, research and debate. However, many of these debates have been rendered opaque by an inability to quantitatively examine ...


Indirect Effects Of Parental Psychological Control On Emerging Adult Psychological Problems Via Emotion Regulation, Alyssa R. Williams, Cliff Mckinney Jan 2022

Indirect Effects Of Parental Psychological Control On Emerging Adult Psychological Problems Via Emotion Regulation, Alyssa R. Williams, Cliff Mckinney

College of Arts and Sciences Publications and Scholarship

No abstract provided.


The Roles Of Set Size And Nonexample Type On Concept Formation, Catherine L. Williams, Claire C. St. Peter, Madeleine J. Murphy Jan 2022

The Roles Of Set Size And Nonexample Type On Concept Formation, Catherine L. Williams, Claire C. St. Peter, Madeleine J. Murphy

Graduate Student Scholarship

Concept formation is demonstrated when a learner responds when new examples are presented (i.e., generalization) but not when new nonexamples are presented (i.e., discrimination). Gradually increasing the number of examples and nonexamples taught together (i.e., set-size expansion) promotes concept formation with nonhumans. Although set size impacts speed of acquisition with humans, concept formation has not been evaluated. Therefore, the primary purpose of the current study was to compare acquisition and concept formation during two procedures: set-size expansion and single set-size. College students were taught two biological concepts, one using set-size expansion and the other with the full ...


Economic Analysis Of The Critical Habitat Designation Process For Endangered And Threatened Species Under The Endangered Species Act Of 1973, Katherine Fosburgh Jan 2022

Economic Analysis Of The Critical Habitat Designation Process For Endangered And Threatened Species Under The Endangered Species Act Of 1973, Katherine Fosburgh

Honors Projects

Habitat destruction is the leading cause of biodiversity loss in the US. Under the Endangered Species Act (ESA), habitat deemed essential to endangered and threatened species recovery is proposed as critical habitat (CH). CH areas are subject to regulations that could alter land development plans or increase costs. The potential economic opportunity cost created by CH regulations may lead to the exclusion of land proposed for CH designation, thereby reducing the conservation benefits of the CH rule. In this paper, I use a unique dataset collected from Federal Register (FR) documents to estimate the reduction in CH acreage from proposed ...


Islamic Digital Library: A Review, Ririn Riani, Aam Slamet Rusydiana, Abdillah Arif Nasution, Dwi Purwoko, Lukman Hamdani Dec 2021

Islamic Digital Library: A Review, Ririn Riani, Aam Slamet Rusydiana, Abdillah Arif Nasution, Dwi Purwoko, Lukman Hamdani

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

This study tries to examine research on Islamic digital libraries in reputable journals. This study uses descriptive statistical analysis based on 47 publications of selected articles or papers related to Islamic digital libraries which are processed with VOSviewer software. This study finds that research that examines the theme of Islamic digital libraries is still very minimal. The library is a milestone in the history of Islamic civilization and progress in ancient times. This study also found that digital libraries that provide facilities regarding Islamic fields and studies must be developed in relation to the increasingly sophisticated era.


De-Identified Post-Conference Survey Results, Mirl 2021 Nov 2021

De-Identified Post-Conference Survey Results, Mirl 2021

Medical Institutional Repositories in Libraries (MIRL)

Includes the data file produced during the assessment phase of the MIRL 2021 symposium. Data was collected from a survey set to MIRL 2021 symposium participants.


Empowering The Human-Nature Bond, Lightning Talk (7 Min), Valeria Widjaja Nov 2021

Empowering The Human-Nature Bond, Lightning Talk (7 Min), Valeria Widjaja

GIS Day

What is land? Is it dirt, the Earth, property, a resource? But rarely we ask who is land? When we change the question, it changes the way we think about land. It transforms the way we make decisions about how we might protect land. Through the Deshkan Ziibi Conservation Impact Bond, this story map explores how Carolinian Canada, Chippewas of the Thames First Nations, VERGE Capital, Ivey Business School, Thames Talbot Land Trust, and 3M are striving to heal the landscape. Overall, this story map visualizes both the human-nature and human-human relationships being facilitated by the bond. Learn the about ...


The Cost Of Research, Zeineb Yousif, Brittany Fischer Oct 2021

The Cost Of Research, Zeineb Yousif, Brittany Fischer

Open Educational Resources

This OER contains the materials to adapt 'The Cost of Research' display created as part of Chester Fritz Library's programming for the 2021 Open Access Week. It demonstrates how much it would cost a reader without access to institutional resources to obtain the research underlying a single short academic article. It also looks at how much it would cost to flip those same resources to open access based off their publishers' current APC charges. This display could best be used as part of educational programming focusing on the economics of scholarly publishing.


Intergenerational National Service By, With, And For All Ages, Phyllis N. Segal Sep 2021

Intergenerational National Service By, With, And For All Ages, Phyllis N. Segal

eJournal of Public Affairs

Intergenerational national service builds community ownership by connecting people of different ages around a common purpose addressing social problems. Federal policies have encouraged older and younger people to meet challenges facing the other’s generation, and bring the generations together to serve with each other. Although implementation has fallen short of the laws enacted, experience with intergenerational service confirms its benefits for participants, individuals who are served, and communities. In addition to making progress on pressing social challenges, engaging community members across the age spectrum to serve together increases understanding and empathy across generational divides. Bridging this as well as ...


Filling In The Gaps: A Diversity Audit Toolkit From Tredway Library, María Evelia Emerson, Lauryn Grace Lehman Sep 2021

Filling In The Gaps: A Diversity Audit Toolkit From Tredway Library, María Evelia Emerson, Lauryn Grace Lehman

Library and Information Science: Faculty Scholarship & Creative Works

In the spring of 2021, the Tredway Library at Augustana College (Rock Island, IL) implemented an audit of the library's print book collection to see if there were gaps in representation of the voices of authors of differing races/ ethnicities; genders; or sexual orientations. With the results of this audit, Augustana librarians now have a better understanding of which voices and perspectives are missing and/or underrepresented in the print collection. This toolkit is intended to assist other libraries / information organizations in undertaking similar diversity audits of their own.

The authors now have an article on this topic, available ...


Once Upon An American Dream: What The American Dream Means To Different People Aug 2021

Once Upon An American Dream: What The American Dream Means To Different People

Symposium of Student Scholars

One of the most prominent ethoses of the United States of America is that of the “American Dream.” While James Truslow Adams was the person to coin the term “American Dream,” the concept dates back to the Declaration of Independence, which states that all men have the right to “life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.” While the “American Dream” can be thought of as a single concrete goal, Ştiuliuc argues, however, that “it constitutes a cultural narrative with manifold implications in the multiple and distinct immigrant stories that created America” (2011:364). In order to determine the validity of ...


How Theatre Produced By Autistic People Dismantles The Medical Model Of Disability, Ira Eidle Aug 2021

How Theatre Produced By Autistic People Dismantles The Medical Model Of Disability, Ira Eidle

Symposium of Student Scholars

Autism is a neurodevelopmental disability that has a long history of being misunderstood. Said misunderstandings have led to falsehoods about autism and autistic people. The stigma surrounding autism encourages non-autistic people to see themselves as the best advocates for autism, leading to non-autistic people speaking over autistic people constantly. This has come to be known as the medical model of disability. Most autistic people do not consider autism to be a mental illness or disorder. (Kupferstein 2019) That is why when autistic people become informed on these aspects and band together, those misunderstandings can be mitigated. One such way is ...


Public Perception Of Uas And Vertiports In The Wastach Front Survey Results, Brent C. Chamberlain, Katelynn Hall, Keunhyun Park Aug 2021

Public Perception Of Uas And Vertiports In The Wastach Front Survey Results, Brent C. Chamberlain, Katelynn Hall, Keunhyun Park

Browse all Datasets

This project aims to further understand the current public perception of UAS and their integration into residential areas for package delivery through the development of vertiports The survey also aims to identify evidence of NIMBY (not in my backyard) in these perceptions. The survey specifically asked participants about demographics, familiarity with UAV, perceptions of UAV, and perceptions of vertiports through 6 different potential vertiport placements in residential of community center focused areas.


Data For "Uncertainty And Reputation Effects In Credence Goods Markets", Eric Schniter, J. Dustin Tracy, Vojtěch Zíka Aug 2021

Data For "Uncertainty And Reputation Effects In Credence Goods Markets", Eric Schniter, J. Dustin Tracy, Vojtěch Zíka

Economic Science Institute Data Sets

Credence-goods experiments have focused on stylized settings in which experts can perfectly identify the buyer’s best option and that option works without fail. However, in nature credence goods involve uncertainties that complicate assessing the quality of service and advice. We introduce two sources of uncertainty into a credence goods experiment. The first is diagnostic uncertainty; experts receive a noisy signal of buyer type so might make an ‘honest’ mistake when advising what is in buyers’ best interests. The second is service uncertainty; the services available to the buyer do not always work. Both sources of uncertainty make detection of ...


Merged Nces Academic Library Survey 1996 - 2018, Starr Hoffman Phd, Samantha Godbey Jul 2021

Merged Nces Academic Library Survey 1996 - 2018, Starr Hoffman Phd, Samantha Godbey

Library Faculty Datasets

This data set consists of data on academic libraries in the United States from 1996-2018. Multiple data sources from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES) were merged, as detailed in the comments below.

See also: https://digitalscholarship.unlv.edu/lib_datasets/1/.


The Misinformation Pandemic: Who Can You Trust?, Elisa Acosta, Susan Archambault, John Jackson, Alexis Weiss Jul 2021

The Misinformation Pandemic: Who Can You Trust?, Elisa Acosta, Susan Archambault, John Jackson, Alexis Weiss

LMU Librarian Publications & Presentations

During the Trump presidency, “fake news” was a term often used as a synonym for “news that comes to a conclusion that I disagree with.” The focus of this session is not fake news, but rather how to spot the news misinformation and disinformation that students are so vulnerable to. Today’s news landscape is complex and largely unregulated, and students need to learn how to critically analyze the news they receive in order to make informed decisions and participate in the sharing of information in a responsible and ethical way. Presenters will share the lesson plan from an interactive ...