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Full-Text Articles in Social and Behavioral Sciences

Importance Of Community Connections: Strategies For Intervention & Prevention, Teresa Taylor, Jamie Branam Kridler, Mary Langenbrunner Oct 2019

Importance Of Community Connections: Strategies For Intervention & Prevention, Teresa Taylor, Jamie Branam Kridler, Mary Langenbrunner

Jamie Branam Brown

The importance of community connections is vital for successful at risk youth strategies. Collaboration allows for inclusion, fosters trust and the potential for greater success. A holistic community approach provides support, resources and can draw needed parental involvement. Areas for developing collaborative action will be addressed such as community readiness, conflict resolution, diversity, sustainability, and measuring impact. Service-Learning will be defined along with its positive impacts. Research indicates that service-learning can contribute to academic achievement, reduction of risky behaviors, civic responsibility and provides opportunities for career exploration. A strong component of both is that the “true experts” are involved in ...


Integrating Narrative Therapy With Adlerian Lifestyle Assessment: A Case Study, J. Graham Disque, James R. Bitter Sep 2018

Integrating Narrative Therapy With Adlerian Lifestyle Assessment: A Case Study, J. Graham Disque, James R. Bitter

J. Graham Disque

No abstract provided.


Peacebuilding Approaches To Preventing And Transforming Violent Extremism, Mary Schwoebel May 2018

Peacebuilding Approaches To Preventing And Transforming Violent Extremism, Mary Schwoebel

Mary Schwoebel

No abstract provided.


Paranormal Activity In West Virginia, Marty Laubach Mar 2018

Paranormal Activity In West Virginia, Marty Laubach

Marty Laubach

Follow the Mountain State Spirit Seekers Society as they hunt ghosts at Moundsville State Prison; bigfoot hunters in Dolly Sods with Virginia Sasquatch Watch; and Point Pleasant's mysterious Mothman.


Do Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Addictions And Deaths Related To Pain Killers?, David Powell, Rosalie Pacula, Mireille Jacobson Feb 2018

Do Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Addictions And Deaths Related To Pain Killers?, David Powell, Rosalie Pacula, Mireille Jacobson

David Powell

Recent work finds that medical marijuana laws reduce the daily doses filled for opioid analgesics among Medicare Part-D and Medicaid enrollees, as well as population-wide opioid overdose deaths. We replicate the result for opioid overdose deaths and explore the potential mechanism. The key feature of a medical marijuana law that facilitates a reduction in overdose death rates is a relatively liberal allowance for dispensaries.  As states have become more stringent in their regulation of dispensaries, the protective value generally has fallen. These findings suggest that broader access to medical marijuana facilitates substitution of marijuana for powerful and addictive opioids. 


Physician-Pharmacist Communication: Quotes, Quandaries And Quality, Nicholas E. Hagemeier Feb 2018

Physician-Pharmacist Communication: Quotes, Quandaries And Quality, Nicholas E. Hagemeier

Nicholas E. Hagemeier

No abstract provided.


Cross-Country Heterogeneity In Students’ Reporting Behavior: The Use Of The Anchoring Vignette Method, Hana Vonkova, Gema Zamarro, Collin Hitt Dec 2017

Cross-Country Heterogeneity In Students’ Reporting Behavior: The Use Of The Anchoring Vignette Method, Hana Vonkova, Gema Zamarro, Collin Hitt

Gema Zamarro

Self-reports are an indispensable source of information in education research but they are often affected by heterogeneity in reporting behavior. Failing to correct for this heterogeneity can lead to invalid comparisons across groups. We use the parametric anchoring vignette method to correct for cross-country incomparability of students’ reports on teacher’s classroom management. Our analysis is based on the data from the Programme for International Student Assessment 2012. We show significant variation in implicit standards across countries. Correlations between countries’ average teacher classroom management levels and external variables like students test scores and public expenditure per pupil change substantially after ...


The Value Of Academic Libraries: Library Services As A Predictor Of Student Retention, Ashley Ireland, Adam Murray, Jana Hackathorn Jul 2017

The Value Of Academic Libraries: Library Services As A Predictor Of Student Retention, Ashley Ireland, Adam Murray, Jana Hackathorn

Jana Hackathorn

This study examined the predictive relationship between library use by individual students and their retention status in university settings. The methodology builds on a small number of previous studies to examine library use at the individual level to determine if use of specific library services is predictive of retention for freshmen and sophomores. Binary logistic regression yielded results that indicate a strong positive predictive relationship between library use of any kind with both freshmen and sophomore retention. These results suggest that academic libraries add value to institutional retention efforts.


Enhancing Conflict Consulting Practice: Lessons From The Field, Neil Katz May 2017

Enhancing Conflict Consulting Practice: Lessons From The Field, Neil Katz

Neil Katz

No abstract provided.


Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson Dec 2016

Paper Dragon Thieves, J.S. Nelson

J.S. Nelson

Developments in the law are making the corporate form more opaque and allowing the agents who animate it to escape individual accountability for their actions. The law now provides protection for agents to engage in widespread frauds that inflict massive harm on the public. This article challenges the academic orthodoxy that shareholder and director liability are enough to control agent behavior by developing a paper dragon analogy to focus on the importance of agents in corporate animation. Lack of agent accountability encourages the patterns of fraud that caused the financial crisis in which forty-five percent of the world’s wealth ...


E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore Dec 2016

E-Government In The Context Of Public Sector Reforms: Lessons From Tanzania And Philippines, Faith J. Shimba, Reginald Ugaddan, Mihayo M. Wilmore

Faith J Shimba

No abstract provided.


Promoting Subject Specialists & Enhancing Visibility Of Library Reference [Panel] Ala, Rusa-Mers, Barbara Tierney, Carrie Moran, Mara Thacker, Sha Towers Jun 2016

Promoting Subject Specialists & Enhancing Visibility Of Library Reference [Panel] Ala, Rusa-Mers, Barbara Tierney, Carrie Moran, Mara Thacker, Sha Towers

Barbara Tierney


Academic library reference continues to go through transformation, as users increasingly rely on the web for their information needs. Traditional library liaison and subject specialist roles are changing, as librarians attempt to realign services with university-wide goals, including an increased emphasis on undergraduate student success. This panel program will show how institutions market, brand, and promote their reference services on the web; how library subject liaisons and specialists are presented online.  This panel program will explore what various institutions are doing to increase the visibility of their subject librarians and how they are formalizing and assessing their new and existing ...


Central Administrations Of Palmitic Acid And Arachidonic Acid Decrease Central Leptin Sensitivity In Mice, L Cheng, Xu-Feng Huang, Y Yu Jun 2016

Central Administrations Of Palmitic Acid And Arachidonic Acid Decrease Central Leptin Sensitivity In Mice, L Cheng, Xu-Feng Huang, Y Yu

Xu-Feng Huang

Purpose: Leptin inhibits feeding and increases energy expenditure through the central nervous system. High-fat diet with saturated fatty acids (SFA) or n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-6 PUFA) has been reported to induce central leptin resistance and obesity. However, little is known if central administration of SFA or n-6 PUFA can reduce central leptin sensitivity. This study examined the central leptin sensitivity in response to intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) injection of SFA, palmitic acid (PA) and n-6 PUFA, arachidonic acid (ARA) in mice. Methods: After overnight fasting, C57BL/6J male mice (n=24/group) were i.c.v. injected with either ...


Arcuate Npy Controls Sympathetic Output And Bat Function Via A Relay Of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Neurons In The Pvn, Yan-Chuan Shi, Jackie Lau, Zhou Lin, Hui Zhang, Lei Zhai, Guenther Sperk, Regine Heilbronn, Mario Mietzsch, Stefan Weger, Xu-Feng Huang, Ronaldo F. Enriquez, Lesley Castillo, Paul A. Baldock, Lei Zhang, Amanda Sainsbury, Herbert Herzog, Shu Lin Jun 2016

Arcuate Npy Controls Sympathetic Output And Bat Function Via A Relay Of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Neurons In The Pvn, Yan-Chuan Shi, Jackie Lau, Zhou Lin, Hui Zhang, Lei Zhai, Guenther Sperk, Regine Heilbronn, Mario Mietzsch, Stefan Weger, Xu-Feng Huang, Ronaldo F. Enriquez, Lesley Castillo, Paul A. Baldock, Lei Zhang, Amanda Sainsbury, Herbert Herzog, Shu Lin

Xu-Feng Huang

Neuropepetide Y (NPY) is best known for its powerful stimulation of food intake and its effects on reducing energy expenditure. However, the pathways involved and the regulatory mechanisms behind this are not well understood. Here we demonstrate that NPY derived from the arcuate nucleus (Arc) is critical for the control of sympathetic outflow and brown adipose tissue (BAT) function. Mechanistically, a key change induced by Arc NPY signaling is a marked Y1 receptor-mediated reduction in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), which is also associated with a reduction in TH expression in the locus coeruleus (LC ...


A Neuregulin 1 Transmembrane Domain Mutation Causes Imbalanced Glutamatergic And Dopaminergic Receptor Expression In Mice, K A. Newell, T Karl, Xu-Feng Huang Jun 2016

A Neuregulin 1 Transmembrane Domain Mutation Causes Imbalanced Glutamatergic And Dopaminergic Receptor Expression In Mice, K A. Newell, T Karl, Xu-Feng Huang

Xu-Feng Huang

The neuregulin 1 gene has repeatedly been identified as a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia, thus mice with genetic mutations in this gene offer a valuable tool for studying the role of neuregulin 1 in schizophrenia-related neurotransmission. In this study, slide-based receptor autoradiography was used to quantify glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA), dopaminergic D2, cannabinoid CB1 and acetylcholine M1/4 receptor levels in the brains of male heterozygous transmembrane domain neuregulin 1 mutant (Nrg1+/−) mice at two ages. Mutant mice expressed small but significant increases in NMDA receptor levels in the cingulate cortex (7%, p = 0.044), sensory cortex (8%, p = 0.024 ...


Arcuate Npy Controls Sympathetic Output And Bat Function Via A Relay Of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Neurons In The Pvn, Yan-Chuan Shi, Jackie Lau, Zhou Lin, Hui Zhang, Lei Zhai, Guenther Sperk, Regine Heilbronn, Mario Mietzsch, Stefan Weger, Xu-Feng Huang, Ronaldo F. Enriquez, Lesley Castillo, Paul A. Baldock, Lei Zhang, Amanda Sainsbury, Herbert Herzog, Shu Lin Jun 2016

Arcuate Npy Controls Sympathetic Output And Bat Function Via A Relay Of Tyrosine Hydroxylase Neurons In The Pvn, Yan-Chuan Shi, Jackie Lau, Zhou Lin, Hui Zhang, Lei Zhai, Guenther Sperk, Regine Heilbronn, Mario Mietzsch, Stefan Weger, Xu-Feng Huang, Ronaldo F. Enriquez, Lesley Castillo, Paul A. Baldock, Lei Zhang, Amanda Sainsbury, Herbert Herzog, Shu Lin

Xu-Feng Huang

Neuropepetide Y (NPY) is best known for its powerful stimulation of food intake and its effects on reducing energy expenditure. However, the pathways involved and the regulatory mechanisms behind this are not well understood. Here we demonstrate that NPY derived from the arcuate nucleus (Arc) is critical for the control of sympathetic outflow and brown adipose tissue (BAT) function. Mechanistically, a key change induced by Arc NPY signaling is a marked Y1 receptor-mediated reduction in tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expression in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN), which is also associated with a reduction in TH expression in the locus coeruleus (LC ...


An Analysis Of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors 2/3 And 5 In Schizophrenia, Major Depression And Bipolar Disorder From The Stanley Neuropathology Consortium, N Matosin, E Frank, F Fernandez, C Deng, J Wong, Xu-Feng Huang, K A. Newell Jun 2016

An Analysis Of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors 2/3 And 5 In Schizophrenia, Major Depression And Bipolar Disorder From The Stanley Neuropathology Consortium, N Matosin, E Frank, F Fernandez, C Deng, J Wong, Xu-Feng Huang, K A. Newell

Xu-Feng Huang

Purpose: Metabotropic glutamate receptors (mGluRs) are proposed novel therapeutic targets for a variety of brain disorders such as schizophrenia (SZ), bipolar disorder (BP) and major depression (MD). Despite their potential, the involvement of these receptors in these pathological processes is uncertain. This information is crucial to understand the efficiency of drugs that target these receptors. Methods: Using post-mortem human brains, mGluR2/3 and mGluR5 binding densities were measured in the anterior cingulate cortex of SZ, BP, MD and matched controls (CT) (n=15/group) by receptor autoradiography. Results: Whilst preliminary analyses indicated no diagnostic effect in mGluR2/3 or mGluR5 ...


A Neuregulin 1 Transmembrane Domain Mutation Causes Imbalanced Glutamatergic And Dopaminergic Receptor Expression In Mice, K A. Newell, T Karl, Xu-Feng Huang Jun 2016

A Neuregulin 1 Transmembrane Domain Mutation Causes Imbalanced Glutamatergic And Dopaminergic Receptor Expression In Mice, K A. Newell, T Karl, Xu-Feng Huang

Xu-Feng Huang

The neuregulin 1 gene has repeatedly been identified as a susceptibility gene for schizophrenia, thus mice with genetic mutations in this gene offer a valuable tool for studying the role of neuregulin 1 in schizophrenia-related neurotransmission. In this study, slide-based receptor autoradiography was used to quantify glutamatergic N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA), dopaminergic D2, cannabinoid CB1 and acetylcholine M1/4 receptor levels in the brains of male heterozygous transmembrane domain neuregulin 1 mutant (Nrg1+/−) mice at two ages. Mutant mice expressed small but significant increases in NMDA receptor levels in the cingulate cortex (7%, p = 0.044), sensory cortex (8%, p = 0.024 ...


"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting" : Information Literacy Narratives And The Student Research Experience., Robert Detmering, Anna Marie Johnson May 2016

"Research Papers Have Always Seemed Very Daunting" : Information Literacy Narratives And The Student Research Experience., Robert Detmering, Anna Marie Johnson

Robert Detmering

Taking an interdisciplinary approach that draws on narrative theory, composition scholarship, and investigations into the affective dimensions of the research process, this article discusses stories written by college students about their experiences locating, evaluating, and using information in the context of academic research. These narratives provide insight into how students conceptualize the research process and perceive their often tenuous roles as researchers. A textual analysis of a selection of student narratives is included, demonstrating how narrative not only enhances our understanding of the research experience but also enables students to raise larger questions about authenticity and power in the classroom.


App-Ed(Ucation): Ipads, Innovation, And Increased Library-Faculty Engagement, Elizabeth Overhauser, Shannon F. Johnson May 2016

App-Ed(Ucation): Ipads, Innovation, And Increased Library-Faculty Engagement, Elizabeth Overhauser, Shannon F. Johnson

Beth Boatright

One hundred and thirty six faculty members at IPFW have been equipped with iPads and tasked with innovation in teaching and learning. How have our librarians learned to support these technological pioneers (and join in on the fun)? We'll tell you how we acquired iPads, gauged faculty needs, developed app-specific training modules, and built tech-based librarian-faculty partnerships. From a faculty-curated App guide to stealthy information literacy training, you'll discover the possibilities of iPad-equipped librarianship.


Pride Against Prejudice: Haitians In The United States, Alex Stepick, Nancy Foner May 2016

Pride Against Prejudice: Haitians In The United States, Alex Stepick, Nancy Foner

Alex Stepick

This book describes the struggle of Haitians in the United States, the strain between pride in their Haitian roots and prejudice against Haitians, and its causes and consequences for approximately 500,000 Haitians in the U.S. The book examines the problems of prejudice, economics and immigration Haitians confront, along with their pride and resources of family, community and culture. Haitians reflect continuing difficulties in America concerning race, ethnicity and nationality. Part of the New Immigrants Series, edited by Nancy Foner. Focusing on the massive wave of immigration currently sweeping across America, this ground breaking series includes coverage of five ...


Crossing The Water And Keeping The Faith: Haitian Religion In Miami (North American Religions), Terry Rey, Alex Stepick May 2016

Crossing The Water And Keeping The Faith: Haitian Religion In Miami (North American Religions), Terry Rey, Alex Stepick

Alex Stepick

Beginning in the late 1970s and early 1980s, significant numbers of Haitian immigrants began to arrive and settle in Miami. Overcoming some of the most foreboding obstacles ever to face immigrants in America, they, their children, and now their grandchildren, as well as more recently arriving immigrants from Haiti, have diversified socioeconomically. Together, they have made South Florida home to the largest population of native-born Haitians and diasporic Haitians outside of the Caribbean and one of the most significant Caribbean immigrant communities in the world. Religion has played a central role in making all of this happen. Crossing the Water ...


Mental Health Psychosocial And Child Protection For Syrian Adolescent Refugees In Jordan, Irene Lopez May 2016

Mental Health Psychosocial And Child Protection For Syrian Adolescent Refugees In Jordan, Irene Lopez

Irene Lopez

In order to ensure effective and appropriate interventions, International Medical Corps (IMC), with support from UNICEF, undertook detailed studies to understand the mental health and psychosocial (MHPSS) needs of Syrian refugee adolescents both in the camp and non-camp communities in Jordan. The purpose of the assessment is to assist in informing services that optimally encourage adolescent development, safety, and well-being. This report calls critical attention to Syrian adolescents' mental health and psychosocal priorities, as identified by adolescents themselves. This report provides an overview of the study, which used mixed qualitative and quantitative methods with 2028 Syrian adolescent refugees in five ...


Listening For Policy Change: How The Voices Of Disabled People Shaped Australia’S National Disability Insurance Scheme, Cate Thill May 2016

Listening For Policy Change: How The Voices Of Disabled People Shaped Australia’S National Disability Insurance Scheme, Cate Thill

Cate Thill

Voice has become an important yet ambivalent tool for the recognition of disability. The transformative potential of voice is dependent on a political commitment to listening to disabled people. To focus on listening redirects accountability for social change from disabled people to the ableist norms, institutions and practices that structure which voices can be heard in policy debates. In this paper, I use disability theory on voice and political theory on listening to examine policy documents for the National Disability Insurance Scheme in light of claims made by the disability movement. Although my study finds some evidence of openness in ...


William H. “Bill” Burgess – Minot’S Maker Of Fishing Flies, Spinners, And Spoons., William B. Krohn Apr 2016

William H. “Bill” Burgess – Minot’S Maker Of Fishing Flies, Spinners, And Spoons., William B. Krohn

William B. Krohn

William H. “Bill” Burgess (1886-1967) made fishing tackle for his adult life, 1922 to around 1945. Burgess invented, and made, a greater variety of fishing spinners than any other early Maine tackle maker.  He employed up to a dozen local people each year. His employees, mostly – if not all women – liked working for Burgess because he paid more than the Auburn shoe factories and allowed his employees to work for their homes.


Making Monsters: Bio-Engineering And Visual Arts Practice, Elizabeth Stephens Apr 2016

Making Monsters: Bio-Engineering And Visual Arts Practice, Elizabeth Stephens

Associate Professor Elizabeth Stephens

No abstract provided.


Evaluating The Policy–Practice Gap In A Transitional Housing Program An Innovation In Process Evaluation, Jessica Perez, Anaid Yerena Apr 2016

Evaluating The Policy–Practice Gap In A Transitional Housing Program An Innovation In Process Evaluation, Jessica Perez, Anaid Yerena

Anaid Yerena

In the United States, in 2013, 610,042 people were estimated homeless in one night. Improving the effectiveness of homeless assistance programs, particularly aligning programs’ practices with their goals, is critical to serving this population. Using a theory that predicts homeless exits, this study presents an innovative, low-cost evaluation tool that can be used by a wide range of human service providers to conduct more frequent “in-house” process evaluations. The Gap Assessment of Policy and Practice (GAPP) tool streamlines process evaluations thus improving social programs. To test this tool’s effectiveness, we compared the results of a traditional process evaluation ...


Reflective Frameworks And The Assessment Of Ethical Issues, Ebinepre A. Cocodia Apr 2016

Reflective Frameworks And The Assessment Of Ethical Issues, Ebinepre A. Cocodia

Ebinepre Cocodia

No abstract provided.


On Happiness In Counselling Practice, Ebinepre A. Cocodia Apr 2016

On Happiness In Counselling Practice, Ebinepre A. Cocodia

Ebinepre Cocodia

No abstract provided.


Ole Hendricks, The Fiddler Of Elbow Lake, Amy M. Shaw Apr 2016

Ole Hendricks, The Fiddler Of Elbow Lake, Amy M. Shaw

Amy M. Shaw

Ole Hendricks was a gifted Norwegian immigrant fiddler who settled in western Minnesota in 1890 and who left behind a 97-page musical manuscript full of traditional dance tunes. I am currently engaged in transcribing the tunes into digital form and researching this music and Ole's life story.   I shared the preliminary results of my study during this one-hour presentation to an audience of approximately 75 people.